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World War 1 at Sea

ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS

US-built ELCO MOTOR LAUNCHES

ML.110, lost in action during Raid on Zeebrugge  
 

Elco - the Electric Launch Company Inc. of New York is still building beautiful craft - see www.electriclaunch.com

The Elco ML (both the 75 and 80 foot versions) design was purely American. The chief naval architect was Irwin Chase and his assistant Glenville Tremaine. More about their conception and design can be found at http://www.motorlaunchpatrol.net/construction/design_and_construction.php.

 

 

FIRST BRITISH ADMIRALTY ORDER

ML.1-50 series, ordered 9 April 1915 in USA through Canadian Vickers as anti-submarine vessels, built Elco, Bayonne, New Jersey, 34t/39grt (H - 25grt), 75ft, petrol engined, 19kts, initially 1-13pdr, replaced with 1-3pdr in most plus depth charges, 8 crew, commissioned; 50 boats, 2 lost plus 1 after Armistice:

ML.1-ML.10 (total 10), no other details

ML.11, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.12-ML.15 (total 4), no other details

ML.16, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.17, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.18, included in the War Loss Section in Jane’s Fighting Ships, but lost after Armistice; 29 September 1919 presumably in North Sea area - ML.18, ML.62, ML.191 lost on passage from Norway, no other details (J/Cn/D)

ML.19, 31 January 1916 in North Sea area - destroyed by fire at Harwich (+J/C/Cn/D)

ML.20, no other details

ML.21, no other details

ML.22, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.23, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.24-ML.29 (total 6), no other details

ML.30, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.31-ML.37 (total 7), no other details

ML.38, Conway lists her as transferred to French Navy, but this appears to be a misprint for ML.380 (Cn)

ML.39, no other details

ML.40, 18 May 1916 in eastern Mediterranean - destroyed by fire in Suez Canal (+J/Cn/D)

ML.41-ML.50 (total 10), no other details

 

SECOND BRITISH ADMIRALTY ORDER

ML.51-550 series, ordered 8 June 1915 in USA through Canadian Vickers, built Elco, Bayonne, New Jersey, last delivered 3 November 1916, 37t/46grt (H - 37grt), 86ft, petrol engined, 19kts, initially 1-13pdr, replaced with 1-3pdr plus depth charges, 8 crew, commissioned; 40 from ML.114-548 series transferred to French Navy leaving 460 to RN, 20 lost plus 7 after Armistice:

ML.51, no other details

ML.52, 29 November 1917 in English Channel area - destroyed by fire in Sandown Bay, Isle of Wight (+J/C/Cn/D)

ML.53-ML.54 (total 2), no other details

ML.55, 28 January 1918 in Thames Estuary area - destroyed by fire at yard of Messrs Wills and Packham, Sittingbourne, Kent (+J/Cn/D)

ML.56-ML.59 (total 4), no other details

ML.60, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.61, no other details

ML.62, included in the War Loss Section in Jane’s Fighting Ships, but lost after Armistice; 29 September 1919 presumably in North Sea area - ML.18, ML.62, ML.191 lost on passage from Norway, no other details (J/Cn/D)

ML.63, no other details

ML.64, 10 June 1918 in North Sea area - destroyed by fire in Granton Harbour, Edinburgh (+J/Cn/D)

ML.65-ML.78 (total 14), no other details

ML.79, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.80, no other details

ML.81 (right) Lt Hugh Hunter RNVR in command, served in North Sea, also possibly English Channel; early 1917 in North Sea area - damaged by a petrol fire at Aberdeen or possibly Peterhead, E Scotland (Dr A T Hunter MD of Canada, whose father was second in command)

ML.82, no other details

ML.83 (right)

ML.84-ML.96 (total 13), no other details

ML.97, sold in a damaged condition, not known when, where and how damaged (Cn/D)

ML.98-ML.102 (total 5), no other details

ML.103, battle honour - Belgian Coast 1914-18 (Cn/th)

ML.104, no other details

ML.105, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.106, wartime service not known. Post-war history and image with thanks to Nickie Johnson (22/11/11) - "My aunt has sent me a photo of their family houseboat, the ML 106, moored mainly on the Hamble, Bursledon mid 1920s to probably 1939.  My grandfather was an RAF pilot (Harold Allan Hamersley - see Google) and apparently they preferred to live on this houseboat.  I am trying to find out if there is a record of the WW1 service of ML 106. My aunt says it was very seaworthy and at the outbreak of war they parted company with it, and she wondered if it went to Dunkirk."

ML.107-109 (total 3), no other details

ML.110, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge 4.1918, war loss; 23 April 1918 in North Sea - lost in action during Raid on Zeebrugge (Cn/D/H/J/dp/th)

ML.111-ML.113 (total 3), no other details

ML.114-ML.548 series - 40 boats in this series were transferred to France and delivered 1916-17. They were numbered in the V for Vedette V.1-V.40 series. The British part of Conway's allocates them to a V.1-V.73 series, but V.41-73 covered three other classes of French ML's

ML.114, to French Navy (Cn)

ML.115-ML.117, 3 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.118-ML.120 (total 3), no other details

ML.121, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918, included in the War Loss Section in Jane’s Fighting Ships, but lost after Armistice; 22 December 1918 in English Channel - lost by collision off Seine Bank, France (J/Cn/D)

ML.122-ML.123 (total 2), no other details

ML.124-ML.125 (total 2), served in Baltic 1919, both towed out of Biorko Sound by patrol boats P.40 and P.38 respectively, on 15 December 1919 (Janet Lomas, 31 Mar 2013, Old Weather editor).

ML.126, no other details

ML.127, sold in a damaged condition, not known when, where and how damaged (Cn/D)

ML.128, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.129-ML.134 (total 6), no other details

ML.135, commanding officer was Canadian Lt G L Cassady (sic), awarded a DSC for his part in sinking a U-boat off Dartmouth in the summer of 1918. U-boat was probably UC.49, sunk in English Channel off Start Point, in 50.20N, 03.30E, on 8 August 1918, depth-charged by destroyer HM Opossum, joined by a number of ML's (Andy Hunter, Canada - see WW1Memoir-ML.htm; also Kemp's "U-boats Destroyed")

ML.136-ML.148 (total 13), no other details

ML.149, 10 September 1916 in central Mediterranean - destroyed by fire at Taranto, SE Italy (+J/Cn/D)

ML.150-ML.151 (total 2), no other details

ML.152, in Conway’s as lost after the Armistice; 2 January 1920 in Baltic - grounded on southern Oland island, Sweden (Cn/D)

ML.153-ML.190 (total 38), no other details

ML.191, included in the War Loss Section in Jane’s Fighting Ships, but lost after Armistice; 29 September 1919 presumably in North Sea area - ML.18, ML.62, ML.191 lost on passage from Norway, no other details (J/Cn/D) (for possible photograph - see WW1Memoir-ML.htm)

ML.192-ML.195 (total 4), no other details

ML.196, in Conway’s as lost after the Armistice, caught fire and sank, no other details (Cn/D)

ML.197, 31 January 1917 in St George’s Channel - wrecked near Ballincourty/Ballinacourty Lighthouse, Co Waterford on SE Ireland coast (+J/Cn/D)

ML.198-ML.210 (total 13), no other details

ML.211, commanded by Canadian Lt John Hunter RNVR from 8 June 1917 until 9 January 1919  (right)

ML.212-ML.222 (total 11), no other details

ML.223, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.224-228 (total 5), no other details

ML.229, motor launch, US Elco-built; sold in a damaged condition, not known when, where and how damaged (Cn/D) BUT (source?? - ML.229, one of 11 British ML’s on the Rhine. Almost destroyed by petrol explosion and fire in 1919. Probably not repaired)

ML.230, ML’s 230, 253, 255 being transported as deck cargo - normally 4 ML’s per ship - aboard collier INVERBERVIE 4,309grt, sailing Cardiff & Messina for Taranto with cargo of coal; 14 September 1916 in central Mediterranean - lost when INVERVERBIE (H/L/D - also spelt INVERBERVIE) torpedoed without warning by Austro-Hungarian submarine U.IV (U.4) and sunk in Gulf of Squillace, 17 miles S by W from Cape Rizzuto, Italy (te - in 38.55N, 16.15E; L - 15 miles SW of Cape Rizzuto) (Cn/D/H/J/L/te)

ML.231-ML.238 (total 8), no other details

ML.239, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.240, no other details

ML.241, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.242-ML.246 (total 5), no other details

ML.247, 29 September 1918 in Atlantic off SW England - one of four ML’s which entered St Ives Bay for shelter during strong southerly gale, wind veered and "increased to hurricane force", threatening to blow them ashore. Two boats started engines and worked into deeper water, the local lifeboat went to the aid of the other two, one of which then managed to get started and entered St Ives Harbour, the other developed engine trouble one mile off Clodgy Point and drifted towards the rocks. By the time the lifeboat had been relaunched and reached ML.247, she had struck the rocks and blown up on Oar Rock, west of Clodgy Point, St. Ives (WI - in 50.13.10N, 05.29.42W); all but one crew lost in the explosion or probably drowned, one man washed ashore and saved by people on the beach. A further two hour search only revealed wreckage (+J/Cn/W/D)

ML.248, no other details

ML.249, served in Dover Command (Cn/dp)

ML.250-ML.251 (total 2), no other details

ML.252, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.253, ML’s 230, 253, 255 being transported as deck cargo - normally 4 ML’s per ship - aboard collier INVERBERVIE 4,309grt, sailing Cardiff & Messina for Taranto with cargo of coal; 14 September 1916 in central Mediterranean - lost with INVERVERBIE (H/L/D - also spelt INVERBERVIE) torpedoed without warning by Austro-Hungarian submarine U.IV (U.4) and sunk in Gulf of Squillace, 17 miles S by W from Cape Rizzuto, Italy (te - in 38.55N, 16.15E; L - 15 miles SW of Cape Rizzuto) (Cn/D/H/J/L/te)

ML.254, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918, Ostend 5.1918, war loss; 10 May 1918 in North Sea - sunk to avoid capture during Raid on Ostend. VC-boat - Lt Geoffrey Drummond RNVR (Cn/D/H/J/dp/th)

ML.255, ML’s 230, 253, 255 being transported as deck cargo - normally 4 ML’s per ship - aboard collier INVERBERVIE 4,309grt, sailing Cardiff & Messina for Taranto with cargo of coal; 14 September 1916 in central Mediterranean - lost with INVERVERBIE (H/L/D - also spelt INVERBERVIE) torpedoed without warning by Austro-Hungarian submarine U.IV (U.4) and sunk in Gulf of Squillace, 17 miles S by W from Cape Rizzuto, Italy (te - in 38.55N, 16.15E; L - 15 miles SW of Cape Rizzuto) (Cn/D/H/J/L/te)

ML.256-ML.257 (total 2), no other details

ML.258, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.259-ML.261 (total 3), no other details

ML.262, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.263-271 (total 9), no other details

ML.272, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.273, no other details

ML.274, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.275, no other details

ML.276, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918, Ostend 5.1918, VC-boat - Lt Roland Bourke RNVR (3 battle honours + VC) (Cn/dp/th)

ML.277, no other details

ML.278, served in Dover Command, war loss; 15 January 1918 in Strait of Dover - wrecked on Dunkirk Pier (Cn/D/H/J/dp)

ML.279, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.280, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp)

ML.281, no other details

ML.282, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge 4.1918, VC-boat - Lt Percy Dean RNVR (Cn/dp/th)

ML.283, served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.284, no other details

ML.285 (right)

ML.286-ML.288 (total 3), no other details

ML.289, Albert Medal (George Cross)-boat - Deckhand Stanners RNR (Cn/dx)

ML.290-ML.304 (total 15), no other details

ML.305 - "Based at Leith, patrolled Islands & Scapa Flow.  Would put-up on Isle of May. Able Seaman (or he may have been Coxswain) Herbert Stapleton mentioned in dispatches after raising the alarm when HM Queen Elizabeth (Admiral Beatty’s Flag Ship) caught fire." (with thanks to Brenda Duggan, grand-daughter of Herbert Stapleton)

ML.306-ML.307 (total 2), no other details

ML.308, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.309-ML.313 (total 5), no other details

ML.314, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.315-ML.344 (total 30), no other details

ML.345, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.346-ML.355 (total 10), no other details

ML.356, served in Dover Command, war loss; 11 April 1918 in Strait of Dover - sunk after collision off Dover, Kent. Albert Medal (George Cross)-boat - Lt A G Bagot RNVR (Cn/D/H/J/dp/th)

ML.357-ML.368 (total 12), no other details

ML.369 (right)

ML.370-ML.379 (total 10), no other details

ML.380, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (believed misprinted as ML.38 in Conway) (Cn)

ML.381-389 (total 9), no other details

ML.390, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.391, no other details

ML.392, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.393, no other details

ML.394, possibly served in Dover Command before transfer as one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn/dp)

ML.395, no other details

ML.396, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.397, probably served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/th)

ML.398-ML.399 (total 2), no other details

ML.400, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.401, no other details

ML.402, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.403, war loss; 22 August 1918 in North Sea area - salvaging a German torpedo and blown up in Runswick Bay, near Whitby, Yorkshire, NE England (Cn/D/H/J)

ML.404, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.405-412 (total 8), no other details

ML.413, 21 April 1918 in Strait of Gibraltar - sank German UB.71 with depth charges

ML.414-415 (total 2), no other details

ML.416, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.417, no other details

ML.418, identified as at Gallipoli as of May 1918 (Donald Carmichael) 

ML.419, no other details

ML.420, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.421, war loss; 6 April 1918 - wrecked in Seaford Bay, presumably Sussex, in English Channel (D - collision off Whitby, in the North Sea) (+J/Cn/D)

ML.422, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.423, no other details

ML.424, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918, war loss; 23 April 1918 in North Sea - lost in action during Raid on Zeebrugge (Cn/D/H/J/dp/th)

ML.425-428 (total 4), no other details

ML.429, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.430, no other details

ML.431, war loss; 22 April 1917 in English Channel area - destroyed by accidental fire at Poole, Dorset (W - described as a 'B' Class motor launch, in Poole Harbour, around 50.42N, 02W) (Cn/D/H/J/W)

ML.432-433 (total 2), no other details

ML.434, in Conway’s as lost after the Armistice, caught fire on the Danube river, no other details (Cn/D)

ML.435-441 (total 7), no other details

ML.442, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.443, no other details

ML.444, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.445, no other details

ML.446, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.447, no other details

ML.448, served in Dover Command, probably before transfer as one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn/dp)

ML.449-ML.454, 6 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.455, no other details

ML.456, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.457, no other details

ML.458-ML.460, 3 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.461, no other details

ML.462, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.463, no other details

ML.464, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.465, no other details

ML.466, identified as at Gallipoli as of May 1918 (Donald Carmichael)

ML.467-ML.468 (total 2), no other details

ML.469-ML.472, 4 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.473, no other details

ML.474, war loss; 23 July 1917 in Aegean Sea - hit by Turkish shell and destroyed by fire near Chios island, off W Turkish coast (Cn/D/H/J)

ML.475-ML.481 (total 7), no other details

ML.482 (right)

ML.483-ML.488 (total 6), no other details

ML.489, one of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series(Cn)

ML.490, no other details

ML.491-ML.493, 3 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.494-ML.510 (total 17), no other details

ML.511, served out of Portsmouth, commanded by Irish yachtsman Conor O'Brien (Jeffrey Charles referencing PRO archives)

ML.512, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.513, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.514-520 (total 7), no other details

ML.521, in Conway’s as lost after the Armistice, caught fire and sank at Portsmouth, date not known (Cn/D)

ML.522-524 (total 3), no other details

ML.525, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.526, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.527-530 (total 4), no other details

ML.531, commanded by Canadian Lt Russell Odell RNVR (right)

ML.532, probably served in Dover Command, battle honours - Belgian Coast 1914-18, Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/th)

ML.533, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.534, war loss;13 April 1917 in central Mediterranean - destroyed by fire at Taranto, SE Italy (Cn/D/H/J)

ML.535-537 (total 3), no other details

ML.538, served in Dover Command (Cn/dp)

ML.539, no other details

ML.540, ML’s 540, 541 being transported as deck cargo - normally 4 ML’s per ship - aboard cargo steamship HUNSTRICK 8151grt, sailing London for Salonica, also with government stores & troops; 8 June 1917 in Strait of Gibraltar - torpedoed by submarine and sunk 80 miles WNW of Cape Spartel, N tip of Morocco (L - 53 miles NW of) (Cn/D/H/J/L)

ML.541, ML’s 540, 541 being transported as deck cargo - normally 4 ML’s per ship - aboard cargo steamship HUNSTRICK 8151grt, sailing London for Salonica, also with government stores & troops; 8 June 1917 in Strait of Gibraltar - torpedoed by submarine and sunk 80 miles WNW of Cape Spartel, N tip of Morocco (L - 53 miles NW of) (Cn/D/H/J/L)

ML.542, no other details

ML.543-ML.544, 2 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.545-546 (total 2), no other details

ML.547-548, 2 of 40 to France, renumbered in V.1-V.40 series (Cn)

ML.549, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.550, no other details

FINAL ORDER

ML.551-580, final 30 ordered July 1917, launched in 1918, 37t, 80ftx12ft, 19kts, 1-13pdr, replaced by 1-3pdr in most, 8 crew; 30 boats, 1 lost and 1 after Armistice:

ML.551, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.552, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.553-554 (total 2), no other details

ML.555, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.556, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge (Ostend) 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.557, probably served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/th)

ML.558, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.559, no other details

ML.560, served in Dover Command, Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.561, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918, war loss; 21 October 1918 in North Sea - mined, sank off Ostend (Cn/D/H/J/dp/th)

ML.562, served in Dover Command, battle honour - Zeebrugge 4.1918 (Cn/dp/th)

ML.563-565 (total 3), no other details

ML.566, included in the War Loss Section in Jane’s Fighting Ships, but lost after Armistice; 22 December 1918 in English Channel - swamped off Cape Barfleur, France (J/Cn/D/J)

ML.567-580 (total 14), no other details

FINAL DISPOSALS

A total of 200 were sold in 1919, 127 in 1920, and all but 8 by 1924 (Cn)

 
 

 
 

Information Sources

C - "Ships of the Royal Navy", J J Colledge


Cn - "Conways All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906-21"

 

D - "British Warships 1914-1919" Dittmar & Colledge

 

H - "British Vessels Lost at Sea 1914-18", HMSO

 

J - "Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War 1", 1990 edition

 

L - "Lloyds War Losses"

 

W - "Shipwreck Index of the British Isles", R & B Larn

 

dp - "The Dover Patrol 1914-1918", R Humphreys

 

te - "British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-boats in the 1914-1918 War", A J Tennant

 

th - "Companion to the Royal Navy" by D A Thomas

 

Note: any book covering the 1918 Zeebrugge & Ostend Raids in any detail will describe the actions of the ML's that took part

 


 

All photographs (click for enlargements) are courtesy of Andy Hunter MD of Ontario, Canada. See Canadian Lieutenant RNVR, in the Motor Launches 1916-19, in memory of his father John R Hunter 1892-1971, later Captain, OBE, RCNVR - seen below, left nearest camera with pipe

 

 

 
 

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