BRITISH MERCHANT SHIPS and FISHING VESSELS LOST, DAMAGED and ATTACKED by DATE, January 1917 to December 1917

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BRITISH MERCHANT SHIPS & FISHING VESSELS LOST, DAMAGED and ATTACKED by DATE, January to December 1917


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The sinking of a merchant ship (Hurd, Volume 1, click to enlarge)

return to World War 1, 1914-1918

 



An update of the merchant ships and fishing vessels in the original  and uncorrected "British Vessels Lost at Sea", HMSO, 1919



direct to:
1914-1915
1916

1917

in preparation
:
1918-1919

 Notes:

(1) Ships in BOLD capitals are those sunk or otherwise lost; in lower case bold, attacked and/or damaged. Variations in the published information are in brackets starting with an abbreviation for the source e.g. (wi - in 53.50N, 00.50E).


(2) Merchant ship and fishing vessel information is generally in the order - gross tonnage/build year, owner, registration port or place of ownership/management, crew if known, master or skipper, voyage and cargo, conditions if known. How sunk or damaged, lives lost, and then in brackets (source abbreviations starting with H for original HMSO entry. If H only, there is a blank)


(3) Three items of information, the first two from the original HMSO lists, have been excluded to save space.  (i) All merchant ships and fishing vessels torpedoed, were ATTACKED WITHOUT WARNING;  (ii) if no casualties are shown, NO LIVES WERE LOST; (iii) all sinkings and attacks were by GERMAN SUBMARINES or U-boats unless otherwise stated.


(4) Click for Notes, Abbreviations and Sources.




 
INDEX OF SHIPS LISTED IN 'BRITISH MERCHANT VESSELS LOST 1914-1918'

by Dr Graham Watson

(damaged merchant ships, fishing vessels, and some vessels in the main contents e.g. detained ships, are not included in the following HMSO index)



A

Aaro, 1 August 1916
Abbasieh, 22 August 1918
Abeja, 9 March 1917
Abelia, 30 December 1915
Abosso, 24 April 1917
Aboukir, 3 February 1918
Aburi, 17 April 1917
Acadian, 16 September 1918
Achaia, 7 September 1916
Achille Adam, 23 March 1917
Achilles [7,043grt], 31 March 1916
Achilles [641grt], 9 June 1917
Acorn, 26 September 1917
Acton, 31 March 1917
Ada, 11 February 1917
Adalia, 29 July 1917
Adams, 17 October 1917
Adamton, 8 April 1916
Adela, 27 December 1917
Adansi, 6 May 1917
Addah, 15 June 1917
Adenwen, 25 March 1917
Admiral, 2 July 1918
Afric, 12 February 1917
Africa, 16 September 1915
African Monarch, 6 July 1915
African Prince, 21 July 1917
African Transport, 25 June 1918
Afton, 15 February 1917
Agberi, 25 December 1917
Agios Nicolaos, 14 September 1918
Agnes, 26 December 1916
Agnes Cairns, 26 April 1917
Agnete, 24 April 1918
Agricola, 12 September 1917
Aigburth, 5 December 1917
Ailsa, 18 June 1915
Ailsa Craig, 15 April 1918
Aislaby, 27 December 1916
Akassa, 13 August 1917
Alacrity, - March 1916
Alastair, 6 November 1915
Alaunia, 19 October 1916
Alavi, 13 October 1917
Alcyone [149grt], 1 August 1917
Alcyone [116grt], 7 October 1917
Aldershot, 23 September 1918
Alert [289grt], 28 November 1916
Alert [777grt], 15 April 1917
Alert [59grt], 31 May 1918
Alfalfa, ?? 27 April 1917
Alfred, 12 June 1917
Alfred H Read, 28 December 1917
Algarve, 20 October 1917
Algerian, 12 January 1916
Algiers, 26 February 1917
Alharna, 26 April 1917
Alice Marie, 19 December 1917
Alison, 28 November 1916
Allanton, 3 January 1918
Allendale, 27 March 1918
Allie, 5 January 1917
Almerian, 19 October 1918
Almond Branch, 27 November 1917
Almora, 2 October 1917
Alnwick Castle, 19 March 1917
Alster, 14 January 1918
Alto, 16 July 1916
Alwyn, 12 June 1917
Amakura, 12 June 1917
Amazon, 15 March 1918
Amber, 2 May 1917
Ambient, 12 March 1917
Ampleforth, 21 May 1917
Amplegarth, 10 May 1918
Amsteldam, 18 October 1917
Amsterdam, 24 February1918
Amulree, 24 April 1917
Anatolia, 25 June 1917
Andalusian, 12 March 1915
Andania, 27 January 1918
Andoni, 8 January 1917
Anglesea, 24 April 1917
Anglia, 17 November 1915
Anglian, 10 June 1917
Anglo-Canadian, 22 January 1918
Anglo-Colombian, 23 September 1915
Anglo-Patagonian, 6 July 1917
Angola, 5 May 1917
Angus, 11 April 1916
Anhui, 12 August 1918
Annapolis, 19 April 1917
Anna Sophie, 23 July 1918
Antaeus, 4 November 1917
Ant Caesar, 27 August 1918
Anteros, 24 March 1918
Antigua, 14 July 1916
Antinoe, 28 May 1917
Antiope, 9 August 1916
Antonio, 7 March 1917
Antony, 17 March 1917
Antwerpen, 18 November 1917
Apapa, 28 November 1917
Aparima, 19 November 1917
Apollo, 9 October 1915
Apostolos Andreas, 25 January 1918
Appledore, 9 June 1917
Apsleyhall, 30 December 1916
Aquila, 27 March 1915
Arab, 7 January 1918
Arabia, 6 November 1916
Arabian, 2 October 1915
Arabic, 19 August 1915
Arabis, 16 September 1917
Aragon, 30 December 1917
Aranmore, 21 March 1916
Arbonne, 25 February 1916
Arca, 2 October 1918
Arcadian, 15 April 1917
Archbank, 5 June 1918
Ardandearg, 14 March 1918
Ardbeg, 7 February 1918
Ardens, 18 August 1917
Ardgask, 3 April 1917
Ardglamis, 9 November 1917
Ardglass [778grt], 28 March 1917
Ardglass [4,617grt], 1 April 1918
Ardmount, 5 October 1914
Ardmore, 13 November 1917
Arendal, 18 September 1917
Arethusa, 23 April 1917
Argalia, 6 August 1917
Argo [1,720grt], 8 February 1916
Argo [3,071grt], 24 December 1917
Argyll, 13 April 1917
Ariadne, 15 January 1916
Ariel [86grt], 1 July 1917
Ariel [3,428grt], 3 October 1918
Aries, 25 February 1917
Armadale, 27 June 1917
Armenian, 28 June 1915
Armonia, 15 March 1918
Arndale, 11 June 1915
Arnewood, 13 December 1917
Aros Castle, 21 November 1917
Arrino, 1 February 1918
Artesia, 8 February 1918
Artist, 27 January 1917
Arum, 4 September 1918
Asaba, 6 December 1917
Ashburton, 1 April 1916
Ashleaf, 29 May 1917
Ashleigh, 23 July 1917
Ashmore, 12 September 1915
Asiatic Prince, 30 May 1918
Assyria, 26 August 1917
Astoria, 9 October 1916
Astrologer, 26 June 1916
Athenia, 16 August 1917
Athole, 26 April 1917
Atlantian, 25 June 1918
Atlas [989grt], 13 November 1917
Atlas [3,090grt], 14 February 1918
Aube, 3 August 1917
Auchencrag, 12 January 1917
Auckland Castle, 24 August 1918
Audax, 6 September 1918
Aulton, 23 March 1918
Aurania, 4 February 1918
Auriac, 23 April 1917
Ausonia, 30 May 1918
Australbush, 13 November 1917
Australdale, 19 October 1917
Australian Transport, 23 August 1918
Australier, 29 April 1918
Author, 13 January 1916
Autolycus, 12 April 1918
Ava, ?? January 1917
Avanti, 2 February 1918
Avocet, 19 April1917
Avon, 9 April 1916
Avristan, 7 December 1916
Axminster, 13 November 1917
Axwell, 13 November 1917
Ayesha, 9 November 1914
Aymeric, 30 May 1918
Ayr, 8 March 1918
Aysgarth, 14 June 1917
Aylevaroo, ? 7 October 1917
Azira, 4 August 1917
Azul, 5 February 1917
 
B

Badagri, 13 July 1918
Badger, 3 August 1916
Badminton, 23 July 1916
Bagdale, 1 May 1917
Baku Standard, 11 February 1918
Balakani, 9 September 1915
Baldanha, 18 March 1918
Baldersby, 28 September 1918
Balgownie, 6 February 1916
Balgray, 20 February 1918
Ballarat, 25 April 1917
Ballochbuie, 20 April 1917
Bamse [958grt], 17 April 1918
Bamse [1,001grt], 2 October 1918
Bandon, 13 April 1917
Bankfields, 25 September 1914
Bangarth, 13 December 1917
Ballogie, 9 November 1917
Barbara, 20 October 1916
Barbary, 12 November 1917
Bargany, 24 December 1916
Barnton, 24 April 1917
Baron Ailsa, 9 May 1918
Baron Balfour, 28 October 1917
Baron Blantyre, 3 October 1917
Baron Cawdor, 9 June 1917
Baron Erskine, 19 August 1915
Baron Garioch, 28 October 1917
Baron Herries, 22 April 1918
Baron Ogilvy, 27 June 1917
Baron Semphill, 16 January 1917
Baron Tweedmouth, 30 May 1916
Baron Vernon, 29 May 1916
Baron Wemyss, 7 March 1917
Baron Yarborough, 1 September 1916
Barrister [3,679grt], 11 May 1917
Barrister [4,952grt]., 19 September 1918
Barrowmore, 19 February 1918
Barunga, 15 July 1918
Basuta, 8 February 1918
Bathurst, 30 May 1917
Batoum, 19 June 1917
Baychattan, 11 October 1917
Baycraig, 1 January 1917
Baygitano, 18 March 1918
Bayhall, 17 December 1916
Baynaen, 25 March 1917
Baynesk, 9 January 1917
Baysoto, 6 August 1917
Bay State, 9 June 1917
Bayvoe, 9 January 1918
Beachy, 18 June 1916
Beacon Light, 19 February 1918
Beatrice, 20 July 1917
Beaufort, 6 January 1917
Beaumaris, 7 February 1918
Bedale, 6 October 1917
Beechtree, 10 February 1917
Beemah, 27 April 1917
Beechpark, 2 August 1917
Beeswing, 2 May 1917
Begonia, 21 March 1918
Begonia No 4, 27 July 1917
Begum, 29 May 1918
Behrend, 30 November 1916
Belford [516grt], 20 December 1915
Belford [1,905grt], 3 February 1917
Belgian, 24 May 1917
Belgian Prince, 31 July 1917
Belgier, 23 February 1917
Bellbank, 7 September 1918
Belle of England, 27 July 1917
Belle of France, 1 February 1916
Bellevue, 4 December 1914
Bellucia, 7 July 1917
Bellview, 21 April 1918
Benarthur, 8 August 1915
Ben Cruachan, 30 January 1915
Bendew, 4 April 1916
Bengairn, 1 April 1916
Bengali, 8 April 1918
Bengore Head, 20 June 1917
Bengrove, 7 March 1915
Benha [1,878grt], 11 June 1917
Benha [95grt], 28 September 1918
Benheather, 5 April 1917
Benita, 20 June 1917
Benito, 26 December 1917
Ben Lomond, 7 July 1918
Benmohr, 16 October 1914
Ben Rein, 7 February 1918
Benvorlich, 1 August 1915
Ben Vrackie, 19 August 1915
Beneficent, 24 February 1917
Berbera, 25 March 1917
Bernard, 15 December 1917
Bernicia, 13 November 1916
Bertrand, 6 July 1918
Berwick Law, 2 December 1917
Bessie Stephens, 14 February 1918
Bessy, 2 March 1918
Bethlehem, 19 April 1917
Bilswood, 12 March 1917
Birchgrove, 2 December 1917
Birchwood, 3 January 1918
Birdoswald, 26 June 1917
Birkhall, 23 January 1918
Birtley, 4 January 1918
Biruta, 6 August 1918
Bishopston, 4 September 1917
Bittern, 20 August 1915
Blairhall, 26 July 1918
Black Head, 21 June 1917
Blackwood, 9 March 1915
Blagdon, 9 August 1917
Blake, 24 July 1917
Bleamoor, 27 November 1917
Boaz, 31 March 1917
Boddam, 26 September 1916
Bogota, 10 November 1916
Boldwell, 27 May 1917
Boltonhall, 20 August 1918
Boma, 11 June 1918
Boniface, 23 August 1917
Bonney, 17 August 1915
Bontnewydd, 5 October 1917
Bonvilston, 17 October 1918
Border Knight, 4 November 1917
Borg, 10 June 1918
Borga, 1 March 1918
Boscastle, 7 April 1918
Boscawen, 21 August 1918
Boston City, 2 January 1918
Bostonian, 10 October 1917
Bowes Castle, 18 August 1914
Boyne Castle, 7 February 1917
Boynton, 24 September 1917
Braefield, 31 March 1917
Branksome Chine, 23 February 1915
Branksome Hall, 14 July 1918
Brantingham, 4 October 1916
Braunton, 7 April 1916
Bray Head, 14 March 1917
Bramham, 19 July 1917
Brandon, ?? March 1917
Brecknockshire, 15 February 1917
Brema, 19 August 1917
Brenda, 7 January 1917
Brentwood, 12 January 1917
Bretwalda, 13 December 1916
Brierdene, 1 December 1916
Brierley Hill, 1 November 1916
Brierton, 22 November 1916
Brigade, 19 February 1917
Brigitta, 4 December 1917
Brika, 13 March 1917
Brisbane River, 17 April 1917
Bristol City, 16 December 1917
Britannia [69grt], 6 September 1916
Britannia [1,814grt], 8 December 1916
Britannia [3,129grt], 2 April 1917
Britannia [765grt], ?19 October 1917
Britannic [3,487grt], 30 July 1916
Britannic [48,158grt], 21 November 1916
Britannic [92grt], 13 December 1917
British Monarch, 4 August 1917
British Sun, 1 May 1917
British Viscount, 23 February 1918
British Yeoman, 26 February 1917
Broderick, 29 April 1918
Brodmore, 27 February 1917
Brodness, 31 March 1917
Brodstone, 15 August 1917
Bronwen, 24 September 1916
Brookby, 19 June 1917
Brookwood, 10 January 1917
Broomhill, 10 May 1917
Brumaire, 24 July 1917
Brunhilda, 11 July 1917
Brussels, 23 June 1916
Buffalo [4,106grt], 18 June 1917
Buffalo [286grt], 13 September 1918
Bulgarian, 20 January 1917
Bullmouth, 28 April, 1917
Bulysses, 20 August 1917
Bunty, 21 October 1917
Burcombe, 1 December 1916
Buresk [4,337grt], 27 September 1914
Buresk [3,673grt], 5 November 1915
Burma, 23 June 1916
Burnby, 26 February 1917
Burnhope, 14 December 1916
Burnstone, 19 March 1918
Burrowa, 27 April 1917
Bursfield, 5 October 1915
Busiris, 9 December 1915
Butetown, 8 September 1916
Bylands, 1 October 1918
Bywell, 29 March 1917
 
C

Cabotia, 20 October 1916
Cade, 27 May 1915
Cadmus, 18 October 1917
Cairndhu, 15 April 1917
Cairngowan, 20 April 1916
Cairnhill, 17 April 1917
Cairnross, 27 May 1918
Cairnstrath, 4 August 1917
Cairntorr, 21 March 1915
Cairo [1,671grt], 13 August 1915
Cairo [254grt], 17 September 1918
Caithness, 19 April 1917
C A Jacques, 1 May 1917
Calchas, 11 May 1917
Caldergrove, 6 March 1917
Caledonia, 4 December 1916
California [8,669grt], 7 February 1917
California [5,629grt], 15 October 1917
Californian, 9 November 1915
Calliope [3,829grt], 5 April 1917
Calliope [2,883grt], ?14 July 1917
Calypso, 10 July 1916
Cambank, 20 February 1915
Camberwell, 18 May 1917
Cambrian Range, 9 December 1916
Cambric, 31 October 1917
Cameronia, 15 April 1917
Cameronian, 2 June 1917
Canadian, 5 April 1917
Candia, 27 July 1917
Candidate, 6 May 1915
Canford Chine, 24 June 1916
Canova, 24 December 1917
Cannizaro, 28 March 1917
Cape Antibes, 21 October 1915
Cape Finisterre, 2 November 1917
Capenor, 22 April 1917
Cardonia, 16 April 1916
Caria, 6 November 1915
Carisbrook, 21 June 1915
Carlisle Castle, 14 February 1918
Carlo, 13 November 1917
Carlton, 29 May 1918
Carlyle, 2 January 1917
Carmarthen, 26 July 1917
Carmelite, 2 March 1918
Carnmoney, 14 May 1917
Caroni, 7 September 1915
Carpathian, 17 July 1918
Carrabin, 1 October 1917
Carrie Hervey, 16 June 1917
Carterswell, 20 August 1915
Carthaginian, 14 June 1917
Caspian, 20 May 1917
Castillian, 18 April 1917
Castle Eden, 4 March 1918
Castleford, 14 March 1918
Castleton, 12July 1917
Caterham, 13 November 1916
Cattaro, 26 June 1917
Caucasian, 1 July 2015
Cavallo, 1 February 1918
Cavina, 1 June 1917
Cayo Bonito, 11 October 1917
Cecil L Shave, ? 1 March 1918
Cedarwood, 12 February 1916
CEGB, 18 May 1917
Celia, 2 February 1918
Centurion [5.945grt], 6 May 1915
Centurion [1,826grt], 19 February 1917
Cerne, 26 March 1916
Cervantes, 8 October 1914
Cestrian, 24 June 1917
Chagres, 10 March 1918
Chancellor, 23 September 1915
Chantala, 5 April 1916
Charcas, 5 December 1914
Charing Cross, 1 July 1918
Charles, 18 December 1917
Charles Goodanew, 17 April 1917
Charleston, 12 December 1917
Charterhouse, 23 September 1916
Chatburn, 1 March 1917
Chatham, 21 May 1918
Chelford, 14 April 1918
Cheltonian, 8 June 1917
Cherbury, 29 April 1915
Chertsey, 26 April 1917
Chesterfield, 18 May 1918
Cheviot Range, 21 February 1918
Chic, 13 April 1916
Chicago, 8 July 1918
Chilkana, 19 October 1914
Chirripo, 28 December 1917
Chloris, 27 July 1918
Chorley, 22 March 1917
Christabel, 30 November 1916
Christiana Davis, 29 April 1918
Chulmleigh, 14 September 1917
Churston, 3 September 1915
Cicilia, 12 February 1917
Cicero, ? 10 April 1918
Cito, 17 May 1917
City of Adelaide, 11 August 1918
City of Athens, 10 August 1917
City of Baroda, 4 June 1917
City of Birmingham, 27 November 1916
City of Bremen, 4 April 1915
City of Brisbane, 13 August 1918
City of Cambridge, 3 July 1917
City of Corinth, 21 May 1917
City of Florence, 20 July 1917
City of Ghent, 5 September 1916
City of Glasgow, 1 September 1918
City of Lucknow [3,677grt], 30 April 1916
City of Lucknow [8.293grt], 21 December 1917
City of Paris, 4 April 1917
City of Perth, 11 June 1917
City of Swansea, 25 September 1917
City of Winchester [6,601grt], 6 August 1914
City of Winchester [83grt], 28 March 1918
Cilburn, 20 October 1916
Cilurnum, 19 April 1917
Civilian, 6 October 1917
Clangula, 19 November 1917
Clan Alpine, 9 June 1917
Clan Cameron, 22 December 1917
Clan Campbell, 3 April 1916
Clan Davidson, 24 June 1917
Clan Farquhar, 26 February 1917
Clan Ferguson, 6 September 1917
Clan Forbes, 9 June 1918
Clan Grant, 16 October 1914
Clan Leslie, 4 November 1916
Clan Macalister, 6 November 1915
Clan Maccorquedale, 17 November 1917
Clan Macdougall, 15 March 1918
Clan Macfarlane, 30 December 1915
Clan Macintosh, 16 January 1916
Clan Macleod, 1 December 1915
Clan Macmillan, 23 March 1917
Clan Macnab, 4 August 1918
Clan Macneil, 6 August 1918
Clan Macpherson, 4 March 1918
Clan Macvey, 8 August 1918
Clan Matheson, 14 September 1914
Clan Murray, 29 May 1917
Clan Shaw, 23 January 1917
Clara, 28 December 1917
Claudia, 30 July 1916
Claverley, 20 August 1917
Cliftondale, 25 December 1917
Cliftonian, 6 February 1917
Clintonia, 1 August 2015
Clodmoor, 3 May 1917
Cluden, 22 October 1916
Clyde, 7 April 1916
Coalgas, 5 March 1918
Coath, 12 December 1916
Cober, 21 August 1915
Cock O' The Walk, 21 October 1916
Coila, 14 December 1917
Colchester, 22 September 1916
Coleby, 27 March 1915
Colemere, 22 December 1917
Colenso, 30 November 1915
Collegian, 20 October 1917
Colorado, 20 October 1917
Comedian, 29 April 1917
Commodore, 2 December 1915
Commonwealth, 19 February 1918
Conargo, 31 March 1918
Conch, 7 December 1916
Concord, 22 March 1915
Condesa, 7 July 1917
Condor, 11 October 1914
Coningbeg, ? 18 December 1917
Coniston Water, 21 July 1917
Connaught, 3 March 1917
Conoid, 29 March 1917
Conovium, 22 November 1917
Conrad, 12 December 1916
Consols, 8 December 1917
Constance Mary, 15 December 1916
Constantia, 8 May 1918
Conway, 30 April 1918
Conway Castle, 27 February 1915
Coonah, ?? March 1917
Cooroy, 29 August 1917
Copenhagen, 5 March 1917
Copeland, 2 December 1917
Copsewood, 27 December 1916
Coquet, 4 January 1916
Coral Leaf, 7 July 1917
Corbet Woodall, 30 May 1917
Corbridge, 11 January 1916
Cordova, 12 December 1917
Corfu, 17 April 1917
Corinth, 13 November 1916
Cork, 26 January 1918
Cormorant, 21 October 1914
Cornelia, 6 March 1917
Cornish City, 21 September 1914
Cornubia, 9 September 1915
Coronda, 13 March 1917
Corsham, 8 March 1918
Corsican Prince, 7 February 1917
Corso, 19 February 1917
Corton Light Vessel, 21 June 1916
Costello, 3 August 1915
Cotovia, 22 July 1917
Cottingham, 26 December 1915
Counsellor, 14 September 1916
Countess of Mar, 4 August 1917
Cragoswald, 18 April 1917
Craigard, 1 July 1915
Craigendoran, 3 March 1917
Craigston, 4 October 1915
Crayford, 13 March 1918
Cressida, 17 March 1918
Cresswell, 5 February 1918
Crispin, 29 March 1917
Crosshill, 11 October 1916
Crown of Arragon, 24 June 1917
Crown of Castile, 30 March 1915
Crown of India, 12 June 1915
Crown Point, 6 February 1917
Croxteth Hall, 17 November 1917
Cuba, 15 May 1917
Cumberland, 6 July 1917
Cupica, 19 October 1917
Cuyahoga, 5 July 1917
Cyfrarthfa, 11 April 1917
Cymbeline, 4 September 1915
Cymrian, 25 August 1917
Cymric, 8 May 1916
Cyrene, 5 April 1918
 
D

Dacia, 3 December 1916
Dafila, 21 July 1917
D A Gordon, 11 December 1917
Daleby, 29 April 1917
Dalegarth, 30 May 1916
Dalegarth Force, 18 April 1918
Dalewood, 26 February 1918
Dalton, 10 April 1917
Dana, 20 May 1917
Dantzic, 17 April 1917
Darius, 13 June 1917
Dart, 14 June 1917
Dartmoor, 27 May 1917
Dauntless, 4 February 1917
Dawdon, 3 October 1914
Daybreak, 24 December 1917
Dee, 30 March 1917
Delamere, 30 April 1917
Delphic, 16 August 1917
Demaris, 4 August 1916
Demeterton, 13 March 1917
Denaby, 24 February 1916
Denbigh Hasll, 18 May 1918
Denebola, 17 August 1918
Den of Crombie, 8 November 1915
Denewood, 26 May 1916
Dependence, 15 September 1917
Deptford, 24 February 1915
Derbent, 30 November 1917
Derrymore, 2 May 1917
Desabia, 12 June 1915
Destro, 25 March 1918
Detlef Wagner, 28 May 1917
Devonian, 21 August 1917
Dewa, 17 September 1916
Dewsland, 1 June 1916
Diadem [3,752grt], 23 February 1916
Diadem [4,307grt], 21 April 1917
Diana, 7 June 1918
Dictator [4,116grt], 5 September 1915
Dictator [99grt], ?27 June 1918
Dido, 26 February 1916
Dingle, 20 February 1916
Dinorwic, 15 July 1917
Diomed [4,672grt], 22 August 1915
Diomed [7,523grt], 21 August 1918
Diplomat, 13 September 1914
Dixiana, 29 May 1915
Djerv, 2 February 1918
Dolcoath, 10 May 1916
Dolly Varden, 14 November 1917
Don, 8 May 1915
Don Arturo, ? 25 June 1917
Don Diego, 21 May 1917
Don Emilio, 1 July 1917
Donegal, 17 April 1917
Dora, 1 May 1917
Dornfontein, 2 August 1918
Dorothy, 24 February 1917
Dorothy Duff, 16 May 1917
Dottorel, 29 November 1915
Douro, 5 September 1915
Dover Castle, 26 May 1917
Dowlais, 3 December 1917
Downshire [337grt], 20 February 1915
Downshire [368grt], 21 September 1918
Drake, 30 September 1917
Dramatist, 18 December 1916
Dresden, 23 September 1916
Drina, 1 March 1917
Dromonby, 13 January 1916
Dromore [4,398grt], 27 April 1917
Dromore [268grt], 18 May 1917
Drumcree, 18 May 1915
Drumloist, 24 June 1915
Drummuir, 2 December 1914
Dronning Maud, 22 April 1918
Duart, 31 August 1916
Duchess of Cornwall [152grt], 6 December 1916
Duchess of Cornwall [1,706grt], 11 April 1917
Duckbridge, 22 February 1916
Dudhope, 15 July 1917
Dulcie, 19 June 1915
Dulwich [3,289grt], 15 February 1915
Dulwich [1,460grt], 10 June 1917
Dumfries, 19 May 1915
Dumfriesshire, 28 June 1915
Dunbarmoor, 8 March 1917
Dundalk, 14 October 1918
Dundee, 31 January 1917
Dunmore Head, 27 April 1917
Dunnet Head, 4 June 1915
Dunrobin, 24 November 1917
Dunsley, 19 August 1915
Durango, 26 August 1917
Durward, 21 January 1915
Dux, 8 May 1918
Dwinsk, 18 June 1918
Dykland, 22 April 1917

direct to:
1914-1915
1916

1917

in preparation
:
1918-1919
 
E

Eagle, 4 December 1917
Eagle Point, 28 March 1916
Earl of Elgin, 7 December 1917
Earl of Lathom, 5 May 1915
Eastfield, 27 November 1917
Eastlands, 25 January 1918
East Point, 9 March 1917
East Wales, 14 October 1917
Eastern Belle, 1 April 1917
Eastern City, 9 April 1916
Eastern Prince, 30 August 1917
Eavestone, 3 February 1917
Ebenezer, 15 July 1917
Ecclesia, 14 July 1916
Echunga, 5 September 1917
Edale, 1 May 1915
Eddie, 16 February 1917
Edernian, 20 August 1917
Edina, 17 August 1917
Edinburgh, 20 January 1916
Edith, 27 June 1915
Edlington, 23 September 1918
Eduard, 16 April 1917
Egyptiana, 9 June 1917
Egyptian Prince, 12 May 1917
Elax, 10 October 1916
Eleanor, 12 February 1918
El Argentino, 26 May 1916
Elba, 28 April 1918
Eldra, 19 October 1917
Elele, 18 June 1917
Elford, 18 May 1917
Elfrida, 7 January 1915
Eliza Ann, 17 March 1918
Elizabeth, 8 September 1917
Elizabeth Eleanor, 13 March 1917
Elizabeth Hampton, 14 May 1917
Ella Sayer, 29 April 1918
Ellaston [3,796grt], 3 April 1916
Ellaston [3,192grt], 16 March 1918
Ellen Harrison, 29 April 1917
Ellen James, 3 April 1917
Ellesmere, 9 July 1915
Elmgrove, 29 May 1916
Elmmoor, 23 May 1917
Elmsgarth, 29 September 1917
Eloby, 19 July 1917
Elsena, 22 November 1917
Elsie Birdett, ? 20 April 1918
Elsinore, 11 September 1914
Elsiston, 19 October 1917
Elswick Lodge, 20 august 1917
Elswick Manor, 19 April 1917
Elterwater, 16 December 1914
El Zorro, 28 December 1915
Embla, 24 December 1915
Embleton, 11 September 1917
Emilie, ? 10 April 1918
Emily Millington, 20 October 1918
Emlynverne, 25 November 1916
Emma [2,520grt], 20 April 1917
Emma [73grt], 5 September 1917
Empress, 31 July 1917
Empress of Fort William, 27 February 1916
Empress of Midland, 27 March 1916
Endymion, 30 March 1917
Energy, 15 September 1918
England, 23 May 1917
Englishman, 24 March 1916
English Monarch, 18 June 1917
Enidwen, 8 June 1917
Ennismore, 29 December 1917
Ennistown, 24 March 1917
Enosis, 18 November 1915
Eptalofos, 23 March 1917
Eptapyrgion, 23 April 1917
Eskmere, 13 October 1917
Era, 1 May 1918
Erato, 1 September 1917
Eretria, 13 May 1916
Erica, 8 March 1918
Eric Calvert, 22 April 1918
Erik, 25 August 1918
Erme, 2 July 1918
Ermenilda, 4 Augsut 1916
Erna Bolte, 9 June 1915
Ernest, 2 May 1917
Eros, 17 August 1918
Escrick, 16 August 1918
Eskimo, 26 July 1916
Esmereldas, 10 March 1917
Esneh, 31 May 1917
Essonite, 1 February 1917
Estrella, 5 March 1918
Estrellano, 31 October 1917
Etal Manor, 19 September 1917
Ethel [100grt], 26 April 1918
Ethel [2,336grt], 16 September 1918
Ethelbrythta, 30 July 1916
Ethelinda, 29 January 1918
Ethel Duncan, 18 October 1916
Ethiope, 28 May 1915
Etonian, 23 March 1918
Etton, 20 September 1916
Eudora, 14 February 1917
Eumaeus, 26 February 1918
Euphorbia [3,837grt], 16 July 1916
Euphorbia [3,109grt], 1 December 1917
Eupion, 3 October 1918
Euston, 24 October 1917
Euterpe, 7 January 1916
Eveline, 20 December 1917
Excellence Pleske, 31 March 1918
Excellent, 9 January 1917
Exchange, 23 March 1917
Exford, 14 July 1917
Express, 8 June 1915
Ezel, 8 September 1917
 
F

Fabian, 20 September 1917
Fairearn, 24 March 1917
Fairport, 15 April 1916
Falaba, 28 March 1915
Falcon, 24 February 1917
Fallodon, 28 December 1917
Farley, 14 May 1917
Farn, 19 November 1917
Farnham, 19 May 1917
Farraline, 2 November 1917
Farringford, 11 January 1916
Fastnet, 24 February 1916
Favonian, 4 August 1916
F D Lambert, 13 February 1917
Feliciana, 21 April 1916
Feltria, 5 May 1917
Fenay Bridge, 24 March 1916
Fenay Lodge, 6 March 1917
Ferga, 14 February 1917
Fern, 22 April 1918
Ferndene, 24 April 1917
Fernmoor, 17 April 1917
Ferrona, 28 October 1917
Ferryhill, 30 January 1918
Fingal, 15 March 1915
Firelight, 1 May 1917
Firfield, 16 July 1917
Firth, 25 July 1915
Fiscus, 20 December 1917
Fisherman, 16 July 1918
Flamenco, 6 February 1916
Flaminian, 29 March 1915
Flavia, 24 August 1918
Flawyl, 2 May 1918
Flimston, 18 December 1916
Florazan, 11 March 1915
Florence Louisa, 17 May 1917
Florence Muspratt, 5 September 1917
Florentia, 29 June 1918
Floridian, 4 February 1917
Florrieston, 20 April 1918
Fluent, 20 July 1917
Folia, 11 March 1917
Foreland, 12 February 1917
Forestmoor, 5 October 1917
Forfar, 4 December 1917
Fornebo, 17 June 1917
Formby, ?16 December 1917
Forth, 9 December 1916
Fortuna, 3 August 1916
Foyle, 27 September 1914
Foylemore, 16 December 1917
F Matarazzo, 15 November 1916
F Stobart, 11 August 1916
Framfield, 24 October 1916
Frances, 5 September 1917
Frances [56grt], 23 April 1918
Franconia, 4 October 1916
Franklyn, 2 May 1918
Franz Fischer, 1 February 1916
Frau Minna Petersen, 7 August 1914
Frederick Knight, 3 May 1917
Fremona, 31 July 1917
French Prince, 15 February 1917
French Rose, 24 November 1917
Freshfield, 5 August 1918
Friargate, 3 November 1915
Frimaire, 15 March 1917
Frinton, 19 March 1917
Fulgens, 1 August 1915
Fulgent, 30 April 1915
Fulmar, 24 March 1916
 
G

Gadsby, 1 July 1915
Gafsa [3,922grt], 16 June 1916
Gafsa [3,974grt], 28 March 1917
Galeka, 28 October 1916
Galgate, 6 May 1916
Galgorm Castle, 27 February 1917
Galicia [5,922grt], 12 May 1917
Galicia [1,400grt], 10 June 1917
Gallier, 2 January 1918
Galway Castle, 12 September 1918
Ganges, 30 July 1917
Gannet, 7 July 1916
Gardepee, 10 October 1916
Garfield, 15 January 1917
Garmoyle, 10 July 1917
Garron Head, 16 November 1917
Garthclyde, 15 October 1917
Garthwaite, 13 December 1917
Gartland, 3 January 1918
Gartness, 19 August 1917
Gasconia, 16 November 1917
Gascony, 5 Janaury 1918
Gauntlet, 18 June 1917
Gaupen, 12 March 1918
Gazelle, 2 March 1917
G A Savage, ?? March 1917
G C Bradwell, 2 August 1916
Gefion, 25 October 1917
Geilan Bari, 8 April 1917
Gem, 25 December 1914
Gemini, 20 July 1918
Gemma, 19 October 1917
Gena, 1 May 1917
General Laurie, 9 June 1917
Geo, 29 January 1918
George Pyrnan, 17 May 1917
George and Mary, 4 June 1915
Georgian, 8 March 1917
GeorgiosAntippa, 28 November 1917
Georgic, 10 December 1916
Ghazee, 4 February 1917
Gibel-Hamam, 14 September 1918
Gibel-Yedid, 13 July 1917
Gibraltar, 12 September 1917
Gippeswic, 31 March 1917
Giralda, 28 August 1918
Girdleness, 2 May 1918
Gisella, 18 November 1917
Gladiator, 19 August 1915
Gladys, 27 November 1917
Gladys Royle, 9 January 1917
Glaucus, 3 June 1918
Glanton, 18 October 1914
Glenalmond, 9 April 1916
Glenarm Head, 4 January 1918
Glenart Castle, 26 February 1918
Glenartney, 5 February 1918
Glenby, 17 August 1915
Glencarron, 19 February 1918
Glencliffe, 12 April 1917
Glencluny, 27 April 1917
Glencoe, 14 December 1916
Glenford, 20 March 1918
Glengyle, 1 January 1916
Glenholm, 21 May 1915
Glenlee [4,140grt], 29 May 1915
Glenlee [4,915grt], 9 August 1918
Glenlogan, 31 October 1916
Glenmoor, 6 November 1915
Glenogle, 27 March 1917
Glenravel, 8 August 1915
Glenstrae, 28 July 1917
Glen Tanar, 3 May 1917
Glitra, 20 October 1914
Glocliffe, 19 August 1917
Glow, 22 July 1917
Glynn, 5 September 1917
Glynymel, 12 March 1917
Goathland, 4 July 1917
Golconda, 3 June 1916
Gold Coast, 19 April 1917
Goldmouth, 31 March 1916
Good Hope [77grt], 27 April 1917
Good Hope [3,618grt], 19 October 1917
Goodwood, 21 August 1917
Gorsemoor, 22 September 1918
Governor, 14 March 1917
Gower Coast, ? 5 April 1917
Gowrie, 10 October 1917
Grace, 29 November 1916
Grangemoor, 20 July 1916
Grangewood, 25 July 1915
Grantley Hall, 23 December 1917
Gravine, 7 February 1917
Greatham, 22 January 1918
Greavesash, 26 February 1918
Greenbank, 3 June 1917
Greenland, 14 February 1917
Greenwich, 5 December 1917
Gregynog, 18 April 1918
Greldon, 8 October 1917
Greleen, 22 September 1917
Greltoria, 27 September 1917
Grelhame, 30 August 1917
Grenada, 22 November 1916
Grenadier, 23 February 1917
Gresham, 26 April 1918
Greta, 5 May 1917
Gretaston, ?? April 1917
Greypoint, 18 March 1917
Grit, 21 October 1916
Grodno, 12 August 1915
Groeswen, 27 November 1917
Groningen, 23 September 1915
Gryfevale, 21 October 1917
Guido, 8 July 1915
Guildhall, 25 June 1917

direct to:
1914-1915
1916

1917

in preparation
:
1918-1919


 
H

H C Henry, 28 September 1915
Hadley, 27 December 1915
Haigh Hall, 30 June 1917
Haileybury, 22 February 1918
Halberdier, 6 Janaury 1918
Halcyon, 7 April 12916
Halizones, 7 October 1915
Hallamshire, 19 November 1915
Hamidieh, 13 October 1918
Hanley, 30 May 1917
Hanna Crossdell, 26 February 1917
Hanna Larsen, 8 February 1917
Harberton, ?? March 1917
Harbury, 9 June 1917
Hare, 14 December 1917
Harewood, 13 April 1918
Harfleet, 26 April 1917
Harlington, 9 December 1916
Harlyn, 9 December 1916
Harmattan, 5 May 1917
Harmatris, 8 March 1916
Harold, 21 July 1917
Harpagus, 9 May 1917
Harpalion, 24 February 1915
Harpalus, 2 December 1916
Harpalyce, 10 April 1915
Harpathian, 5 June 1918
Harriet Williams, 28 February 1917
Harrovian, 16 April 1916
Harrow, 8 September 1917
Harry W Adams, 24 December 1916
Hartburn, 15 October 1917
Hartdale, 13 March 1915
Hartley, 26 January 1918
Harvest Home, 28 March 1917
Haslingden, 12 May 1918
Hatasu, 27 September 1918
Hathor, 26 August 1917
Haulwen, 9 June 1917
Hawanee, 8 October 1918
Haworth, 17 July 1917
Haydn, 29 September 1915
Hazelpark, 20 March 1917
Hazelwood, 18 October 1917
Headlands, 12 March 1915
Headley, 19 February 1917
Heathdene, 7 September 1916
Heatherside, ? 24 August 1917
Heathfield, 25 April 1917
Hebble, 6 May 1917
Hebburn, 25 September 1918
Heighington, 1 August 1916
Heinrich, 30 November 1916
Helen, 1 May 1917
Helmsmuir, 3 December 1915
Hemisphere, 26 December 1914
Hendonhall, 1 May 1916
Henley, 10 April 1918
Henry R James, 16 July 1917
Hercules [1,295grt], 30 December 1917
Hercules [1,095grt], 25 March 1918
Herdis, 29 June 1918
Hermione, 14 April 1917
Hero, 28 March 1917
Heron, 30 September 1917
Heron Bridge, 16 May 1918
Herrington, 4 May 1917
Hesione, 23 September 1915
Hesperian, 4 September 1915
Hesperides, 25 April 1917
Hidalgo, 28 August 1917
Highcliffe, 3 September 1918
Highgate, 7 December 1917
Highland Brae, 14 January 1915
Highland Brigade, 7 April 1918
Highland Corrie, 16 May 1917
Highland Harris, 6 August 1918
Highland Hope, 14 September 1914
Highland Prince, 11 April 1918
Hilda Lea, 23 December 1917
Hilda R, 5 November 1917
Hildawell, 20 December 1916
Hinemua, 7 September 1917
Hindustan, 21 March 1917
Hirondelle, 25 April 1917
HMW, 10 November 1916
Hogarth, 7 June 1918
Holgate, 27 March 1917
Hollington, 2 June 1917
Hollinside, 3 February 1917
Hollybranch, 1 January 1917
Holmsbank, 26 May 1917
Holmwood, 26 August 1914
Honiton, 30 August 1915
Hopemoor, 14 February 1917
Hopemount, 13 June 1915
Horace, 9 February 1916
Horden, 20 September 1915
Hornchurch, 3 August 1917
Horngarth, 11 March 1917
Hornsund, 23 September 1917
Horsa, 30 April 1917
Howe, 24 March 1917
Howth Head, 19 April 1917
HS3, 12 September 1917
HS 4, 21 August 1917
Hudworth, 6 January 1917
Huelva, 23 July 1917
Huguenot, 20 October 1916
Humber, 25 January 1918
Hungerford, 16 April 1918
Hunsbridge, 7 September 1917
Hunsdon, 18 October 1918
Hunsgrove, 8 June 1918
Huntleys, 25 March 1917
Huntsfall, 2 October 1916
Huntsland, 6 June 1918
Huntsman, 25 February 1917
Huntsmoor, 20 February 1918
Huntsolm, 11 June 1917
Huntstrick, 8 June 1917
Huntsvale, 4 November 1916
Huntly, 20 December 1915
Hunstanton, 4 April 1917
Hurst, 3 October 1917
Hurstdale, 23 October 1914
Hurstside, 4 July 1917
Hurstwood, 5 February 1917
Hurunui, 18 May 1918
Hyades, 15 August 1914
Hylass, 15 August 1917
Hyperia, 28 July 1918
 
I

Iberian, 30 July 1915
Iceland, 3 July 1917
Ida Duncan, 31 January 1917
Idaho, 19 August 1918
Ignis, 8 December 1915
Ikalis, 7 June 1917
Ikaria, 30 January 1915
Ikbal, 29 April 1917
Ikeda, 21 March 1918
Ilaro, 23 October 1915
Ilderton, 24 October 1917
Ilston, 30 June 1917
Ilvington Court, 6 December 1917
Imataka, 23 April 1917
Imperial, 8 August 1916
Imperial Transport, 11 April 1917
Indian City, 12 March 1915
Indian Prince, 4 September 1914
Indrani [5,706grt], 17 September 1914
Indrani [3,640grt], 27 June 1915
Indus, 10 September 1914
Industrial, 4 October 1918
Industry [4,044grt], 27 April 1916
Industry [91grt], 5 September 1917
Inglemoor, 1 July 2015
Inishowen Head, 14 February 1917
Incemore, 20 August 1917
Ingleside, 8 May 1918
Inkosi, 28 March 1918
Inkum, 4 June 1915
Inniscarra, 12 May 1918
Innisfallen, 23 May 1918
Intent, 8 March 1918
Inverbervie, 14 September 1916
Invercauld, 22 February 1917
Invercoe, 12 February 1915
Invergyle, 12 March 1915
Inverlogie, 9 March 1917
Inverlyon, 11 April 1916
Invermay, 25 April 1917
Iolo [3,903grt], 11 October 1916
Iolo [3,840grt], 17 February 1917
Iolanthe, 4 January 1918
Iona, 3 June 1915
Ionian, 20 October 1917
Iran, 7 August 1917
Irene, 9 November 1915
Iris, ? 8 May 1917
Iriston, 24 September 1917
Irthington, 23 September 1917
Iser, 23 February 1917
Islandmore, 3 June 1917
Isle of Arran, 2 February 1917
Isle of Hastings, 5 October 1916
Isle of Jura, 8 June 1917
Isleworth, 30 April 1918
Istrar, 2 December 1916
Italiana, 14 September 1916
Itinda, 10 May 1918
Itonus, 20 December 1916
Ivernia, 1 January 1917
Ivydene, 17 March 1918
 
J

Jacona, 12 August 1915
Jaffa, 2 February 1918
James Burton, 10 March 1917
Jane Gray, 23 March 1918
Jane Radcliffe, 28 November 1917
Jane Williamson, 10 September 1917
Japanese Prince, 10 February 1917
Jean, 30 December 1915
Jersey City, 24 May 1917
Jerseyman, 24 November 1916
Jessie [108grt], 27 April 1917
Jessie [2,256grt], 16 June 1917
Jessie [332grt], 2 November 1917
Jessmore, 13 May 1917
Jevington, 23 January 1917
Jewel, 19 April 1917
Jonathan Holt, 7 June 1917
John H Barry, 18 March 1918
John Hardie, 6 September 1915
John Miles, 22 February 1917
John Pritchard, 30 March 1916
John W Pearn, 1 May 1917
John O Scott, 18 September 1918
John J Walter, 24 March 1918
Johnny Toole, 29 April 1918
Jorgina, 24 March 1918
Jose de Larrinaga, 28 April 1917
Joseph, 4 May 1917
Joseph Chamberlain, 18 September 1917
Joseph Fisher, 15 September 1918
Joshua, ? 12 October 1917
Joshua Nicholson, 18 March 1917
Julia Park, 30 May 1916
Jumna, 1 March 1917
Juno, 2 May 1917
Jupiter, 21 May 1917
Justicia, 19 July 1918
Jutland, 19 November 1917
J Y Short, 4 October 1916
 
K

Kafue, 30 April 1918
Kaipara, 16 August 1914
Kalgan, 6 March 1918
Kalibia, 30 November 1917
Kallundborg, 5 June 1917
Kalo, 13 June 1918
Kangaroo, 18 June 1917
Kankakee, 14 June 1917
Kapunda, 12 November 1916
Kara, 10 July 1916
Karema, 25 November 1917
Kariba, 13 April 1917
Karina, 1 August 1917
Karma, 20 July 1916
Karronga, 29 April 1917
Karuma, 27 April 1917
Kasenga, 1 April 1917
Kassanga, 20 March 1918
Kassid Karim, 4 October 1918
Kate & Annie, 19 June 1917
Katherine, 23 February 1917
Kathleen, 5 August 1917
Kathleen Lily, 29 March 1917
Keelung, 27 June 1918
Keeper, ? 10 June 1917
Kelso, 19 June 1917
Kelvinhead, 27 March 1917
Kelvinbank [4,209grt], 22 March 1916
Kelvinbank [4,072 gt], 13 June 1917
Kelvinia, 2 September 1916
Kempock, 30 April 1918
Kendal Castle, 15 September 1918
Kenilworth, 24 April 1917
Kenmare, 2 March 1918
Kenmore, 26 August 1917
Kennet, 22 September 1916
Kennington, 12 June 1918
Khartoum, 27 November 1914
Khephren, 16 July 1917
Kia Ora, 8 February 1918
Kilbride, 1 March 1916
Kilcoan, 30 January 1915
Kildale, 12 April 1917
Kildalton, 12 December 1914
Kildonan, 29 September 1917
Kieldrecht, 15 June 1918
Killarney, 8 May 1917
Killellan, 8 November 1916
Killin, 13 September 1914
Kilmaho, 16 May 1917
Kilwinning, 24 August 1917
Kincardine, 3 March 1917
Kindly Light, 1 February 1918
King Bleddyn, 1 December 1916
King David, 10 July 1917
King George, 8 December 1916
King Idwal, 22 November 1917
King Lud, 25 September 1914
King Malcolm, 28 November 1916
Kingsdyke, 17 January 1918
Kingstonian, 29 April 1918
Kingsway, 27 November 1915
Kinpurney, 15 January 1917
Kinross, 7 May 1917
Kintuck, 2 December 1917
Kioto, 11 July 1917
Kirkby, 17 August 1915
Kirkham Abbey, 27 July 1918
Kish, 17 April 1917
Kittiwake, 9 April 1917
Knarsdale, 21 December 1915
Knightsbridge, 5 January 1918
Knutsford, 22 July 1916
Kohinur, 25 May 1917
Kohistan, 22 November 1917
Kosseir, 20 July 1918
Kurdistan, 20 September 1917
Kul, 12 June 1918
Kut Sang, 29 April 1918
Kwasind, 11 March 1917
Kyanite, 15 February 1917
Kyarra, 26 May 1918
Kymo, 16 November 1917
 
L

Laconia, 25 February 1917
La Blanca, 23 November 1917
La Correntina, 7 October 1914
La Negra, 3 September 1917
Ladoga, 16 April 1918
Lady Ann, 16 February 1917
Lady Carrington, 12 November 1916
Lady Cory-Wright, 26 March 191
Lady Helen, 27 October 1917
Lady Ninian, 28 May 1916
Lady Salisbury, 9 June 1915
Lady of the Lake [79grt], 28 November 1916
Lady of the Lake [51grt], 30 June 1917
Ladywood, 1 May 1917
Laertes, 1 August 1917
Lake Michigan, 16 April 1918
Lampada, 8 December 1917
Landonia, 21 April 191
Lanfranc, 17 April 1917
Langton Hall, 30 November 1915
Lanterna, 6 October 1916
Lanthorn, 22 May 1917
Lapwing, 11 October 1917
Larchmore, 3 July 1915
Largo, 27 February 1918
Laristan, 4 September 1916
Laura [335grt], 25 April 1917
Laura [86grt], 8 September 1917
Laura Ann, 5 June 1917
Laurium, 23 April 1918
Lavernock, 17 September 1918
Lavinia Westoll, 28 March 1916
L C Tower, 1 July 1915
Leasowe Castle, 26 May 1918
Ledbury, 26 March 1917
Leeuwarden, 17 March 1915
Leeds City, 6 May 1918
Leicester, 12 February 1916
Leinster, 10 October 1918
Lena, ? 18 April 1917
Leonatus, 12 December 1917
Lesbian, 5 January 1917
Lesto, 23 May 1917
Lestris, 5 July 1916
Leuctra, 12 June 1915
Leven, 15 February 1917
Lewisham, ? 14 May 1917
Lexie, 10 September 1916
L H Carl, 20 July 1917
Libourne, 29 September 1918
Lightfoot, 16 March 1918
Lilian H, 19 January 1917
Limasol, 11 May 1917
Limesfield, 7 February 1918
Linaria, 26 December 1914
Lincairn, 27 May 1916
Lincolnshire, 29 March 1917
Linda Blanche, 30 January 1915
Linkmoor, 20 September 1915
Limerick, 28 May 1917
Lisbon, 30 May 1917
Lisette, 13 March 1918
Lismore, 12 April 1917
Little Gem, 13 December 1917
Little Mystery, 30 April 1917
Liverpool, 19 December 1916
Livonia, 3 December 1917
Lizzie Ellen, 28 June 1917
Lizzie Westoll, 17 June 1917
Llancarvan, 16 May 1918
Llandrindod, 18 May 1917
Llandovery Castle, 27 June 1918
Llandudno, 1 August 1917
Llanishen, 8 August 1917
Llangorse, 8 September 1916
Llongwen, 18 July 1916
Llwyngwar, 26 April 1918
Longhirst, 23 February 1917
Locksley Hall, 12 May 1917
Lochwood, 2 April 1915
Lodes, 5 May 1917
Lofoten, 3 February 1918
Lomas, 30 June 1915
Lonada, 29 December 1916
Lonclara, 4 January 1917
Longbenton, 27 June 1917
Longscar, 14 February 1917
Lonhelen, 12 April 1918
Lord Charlemont, 19 April 1918
Lord Derby, 28 December 1917
Lord Roberts, 21 June 1917
Lord Stewart, 16 September 1918
Lord Tredegar, 17 September 1916
Lorie, 11 June 1918
Lornion, 23 June 1918
Lotusmere, 2 October 1916
Louise Bell, 26 January 1918
Lough Fisher, 30 March 1918
Lovat, 11 September 1914
Lowdale, 29 April 1917
Lowlands, 18 March 1916
Lowmount, 7 May 1917
Lowther Range, 20 April 1918
Lowtyne, 10 June 1918
Lucena, 27 June 1915
Lucent, 12 February 1917
Luciston, 29 November 1916
Lucy Anderson, 12 March 1917
Ludgate, 26 July 1917
Ludovicos, 1 October 1917
Lugano, 2 October 1917
Luis, 12 April 1918
Lullington, 8 February 1917
Lumina, 6 November 1915
Lundy Island, 10 January 1917
Lusitania [30,396grt], 7 May 1915
Lusitania [1,834grt], 17 November 1915
Lux, ?? January 1917
Luxor, 19 March 1918
Luxembourg, 11 September 1917
Luz Blanco, 5 August 1918
LV, 13 February 1917
Lycia, 11 February 1917
Lydie, 9 February 1918
Lynburn, 29 August 1917
Lynfield, 8 January 1917
Lynorta, 11 August 1917
Lynrowan, 7 October 1914
 
M

Mabel Baird, 22 December 1917
Machaon, 27 February 1918
Madam Midas [ex-Duva], 23 March 1918
Madam Renee, 10 August 1918
Madeline, 8 March 1918
Madryn, 16 September 1918
Magellan, 25 July 1918
Maggie [269grt], 17 August 1915
Maggie [1,802grt], 24 June 1917
Maid of Harlech, 4 February 1918
Main, 9 October 1917
Maindy Bridge, 8 December 1917
Maine, 23 March 1917
Maizar, 30 January 1918
Majura, 18 October 1917
Maltby, 26 February 1918
Maloja, 27 February 1916
Malachite, 23 November 1914
Malakand, 20 April 1917
Malda, 25 August 1917
Malinehe, 29 November 1915
Malvina, 2 August 1918
Manchester Citizen, 26 April 1917
Manchester Commerce [5,363grt], 27 October 1914
Manchester Commerce [4,144grt], 29 July 1917
Manchester Engineer [4,302grt], 27 March 1916
Manchester Engineer [4,465grt], 16 August 1917
Manchester Inventor [4,247grt], 18 January 1917
Manchester Inventor [4,112grt], 30 July 1917
Manchester Miller, 5 June 1917
Manchester Spinner, 22 January 1918
Manchester Trader, 4 June 1917
Manchuria, 17 October 1917
Mangara, 28 July 1915
Manistee, 26 June 1917
Mantola, 8 February 1917
Maple Branch, 3 September 1914
Maple Wood, 7 April 1917
Marere, 18 January 1916
Marga, 10 November 1916
Margam Abbey, 10 April 1916
Margaret Sutton, 2 August 1916
Maria, 13 April 1917
Marie Elsie, 10 June 1917
Maria P, 18 January 1918
Marie Suzanne, 19 August 1918
Marina, 28 October 1916
Mariston, 15 July 1917
Marjorie, 9 June 1917
Marden, 16 April 1917
Mardinian, 19 May 1917
Marie Leonhardt, 14 February 1917
Margarita, 14 February 1917
Margit, 4 April 1917
Marion Dawson, 14 February 1917
Marmion, 26 August 1917
Marquette, 23 October 1915
Marquis Bacquehem, 29 October 1916
Mars, 8 July 1918
Marstonmoor, 14 April 1918
Martha Edmonds, 20 August 1915
Martin, 14 January 1917
Mary Ada Short, 16 February 1915
Mary Annie, 25 March 1917
Mary Baird, 18 May 1917
Mary Orr, 10 September 1917
Mary Seymour, 10 September 1917
Mascota, 29 March 1917
Mascotte, 3 September 1916
Mashalla, 22 April 1918
Mashobra, 15 April 1917
Maston, 13 August 1917
Massouda, 11 May 1918
Masunda, 28 February 1916
Matador, 3 July 1917
Matheran, 26 January 1917
Matiana, 1 May 1918
Matunga, 6 August 1917
Maud, 1 May 1916
Maude, 7 May 1917
Maude Lawson, 27 November 1916
Mavisbrook, 17 May 1918
Maxton, 28 December 1917
Mayola, 16 February 1917
Maywood, 30 September 1916
McClure, 24 May 1917
Meadowfield, 9 July 1915
Mechanician, 20 January 1918
Medina, 28 April 1917
Mediterranean, 10 March 1917
Medora, 2 May 1918
Melanie, 16 June 1918
Meldon, 3 March 1917
Melford Hall, 22 June 1917
Membland, 15 February 1915
Memling, 3 October 1917
Memnon, 12 March 1917
Memphian, 8 October 1917
Menzaleh, 5 June 1918
Mercurius, 28 June 1916
Merganser, 20 November 1915
Merionith, 3 June 1917
Merionithshire, 27 May 1918
Mermaid, 29 April 1917
Mersario, 1 October 1917
Meroe, 29 October 1916
Merton Hall, 11 February 1918
Mesaba, 1 September 1918
Messidor, 23 July 1918
Mexico City, 5 February 1918
Miami, 22 June 1917
Middlesex, 16 May 1917
Middleton, 30 November 1915
Midland, 20 October 1916
Midland Queen, 4 August 1915
Midlothian, 30 September 1917
Mientji, 20 May 1917
Millicent Knight, 18 May 1917
Milly, 6 September 1918
Milwaukee, 31 August 1918
Mimosa, 4 September 1915
Minas Queen, 26 August 1917
Minieh, 9 January 1917
Miniota, 31 August 1917
Minneapolis, 23 March 1916
Minnehaha, 7 September 1917
Minnetonka, 30 Janaury 1918
Minnewaska, 29 November 1916
Minnie Coles, 19 November 1917
Minorea, 11 December 1917
Minterne, 3 May 1915
Mira, 11 October 1917
Mirlo, 16 August 1918
Missair, 29 May 1918
Missanabie, 9 September 1918
Miss Morris, 11 April 1917
Mizpah, 3 December 1916
M J Craig, 13 September 1918
Mobile, 28 April 1915
Moeris, 30 June 1916
Mohacsfield, 7 January 1917
Moidart, 9 June 1918
Molesley, 1 December 1917
Mombassa, 20 October 1916
Monarsh, 8 September 1915
Mongara, 3 July 1917
Mongolia, 24 June 1917
Mongolian, 21 July 1918
Monitor, 26 April 1917
Monksgarth, 19 August 1917
Monkstone, 25 July 1917
Monitoria, 21 October 1915
Montebello, 21 June 1918
Montfort, 1 October 1918
Mooltan, 26 July 1917
Moorina, 5 November 1915
Moorlands, 24 June 1918
Moorside, 12 November 1915
Mopsa, 16 July 1916
Mora, 8 September 1915
Morazan, 11 November 1916
Mordenwood, 19 May 1917
Moresby, 28 November 1916
Morion, 2 May 1917
Morning Star, 12 November 1917
Morwenna, 26 May 1915
Moscow, 21 October 1918
Moss Rose, 10 September 1917
Mountby, 10 June 1918
Mount Coniston, 5 August 1916
Mount Temple, 6 December 1916
Moyune, 12 April 1918
Muirfield, 11 July 1917
Muriel, 17 September 1918
Munificent, 1 March 1917
Murcia, 2 November 1918
Murex, 21 December 1916
Myrtle Branch, 11 April 1918
 
N

Nailsea Court, 19 January 1917
Naiad, 15 December 1916
Nairn, 27 August 1917
Namur, 29 October 1917
Nanny Wignall, 9 March 1918
Nantes, 7 May 1918
Narrangansett, 16 March 1917
Nascent, 25 August 1917
Natal Transport, 4 September 1915
Neath, 27 March 1917
Neepawah, 22 April 1917
Nentmoor, 20 April 1917
Neotsfield [1,875grt], 26 June 1917
Neotsfield [3,821grt], 14 September 1918
Neuquen, 20 January 1917
Ness, 25 October 1917
Netherby Hall, 10 January 1917
Netherlee, 11 February 1917
Netherton, 18 February 1917
Netta, 3 September 1916
Nevisbrook, 20 July 1917
Newburn, 7 August 1916
Newby, 26 September 1916
Newcastle, 10 October 1915
New Design No 2, 4 May 1917
Newholm, 8 September 1917
Newlyn, 2 August 1917
Newminster Abbey, 2 February 1918
Newstead, 3 March 1917
New York City, 19 August 1915
New Zealand Transport 14 June 1917,
Niceto de Larrinaga, 6 October 1914
Nigel, 12 November 1915
Ninetta, 18 May 1918
Nirpura, 16 April 1918
Nora, 3 June 1918
Norfolk Coast, 18 June 1918
Norhilda, 21 August 1917
Norma Pratt, 16 March 1917
Normandiet, 21 April 1918
Normandy, 25 Janaury 1918
Normanton, 1 October 1917
Northfield, 3 March 1918
Northlands, 5 April 1915
North Sea, 31 October 1917
Northville, 17 February 1918
North Wales [3,661grt], 16 November 1914
North Wales [4,072grt], ?? October 1916
Northwaite, 13 March 1917
Norwegian, 13 March 1917
Norwood, ?? February 1917
Nostra Signora del Porto Salvo, 22 February 1917
Novocastrian, 5 October 1915
Noya, 30 August 1917
Nuceria, 2 October 1917
Nugget, 31 July 1915
Nyanga, 16 August 1914
Nyanza, 29 September 1918
Nyassa, 24 November 1917
 
O

Oak, 23 February 1915
Oakleaf, 25 July 1917
Oakwell, 28 March 1917
Oakwood, 11 August 1915
Obsidian, ? 10 April 1918
Obuasi, 8 July 1917
Ocean, 23 November 1917
Ocean Swell, 5 July 1917
Okement, 17 February 1917
Okhla, 29 July 1917
Oilfield, 16 March 1918
Oldfield Grange, 11 December 1917
Olive, 22 July 1916
Olive Branch, 2 September 1917
Olivia, 11 February 1917
Olivine, 4 April 1915
Omrah, 12 May 1918
Oola, 26 October 1916
Oopack, 4 October 1918
Opal, 18 December 1916
Orange Prince, 15 November 1915
Orator, 8 June 1917
Orfordness, 20 July 1918
Oriflamme, 25 November 1917
Origen, 30 June 1918
Orissa, 25 June 1918
Oriole, 30 January 1915
Orlock Head, 12 April 1916
Oronsa, 28 April 1918
Oronsay, 28 December 1916
Orteric, 9 December 1915
Ortolan, 14 June 1917
Ortona, 21 June 1917
Orubian, 31 July 1917
Oslo, 21 August 1917
Osmanieh, 31 December 1917
Osprey, 12 August 1915
Ostpreussen, 25 November 1917
Oswald, 23 April 1917
Oswego, 29 May 1917
Otaki, 10 March 1917
Otis Tetrax, 20 August 1918
Otto, 4 Janaury 1918
Ovid, 25 November 1917

direct to:
1914-1915
1916

1917

in preparation
:
1918-1919
 
P

Paddington, 21 July 1917
Pagenturm, 16 May 1917
Paignton, 14 March 1917
Palacine, 2 December 1916
Palatine, 16 August 1917
Palmella, 22 August 1918
Palmgrove, 22 August 1915
Palmleaf, 4 February 1917
Parisiana, 23 April 1916
Parkmill, 10 September 1917
Paros, 17 August 1915
Pascal, 17 December 1916
Pasha, 15 June 1917
Parkgate, 4 April 1917
Patagonia, 15 September 1915
Patagonier, 14 April 1917
Parthenia, 6 June 1917
Pearl [613grt], 23 September 1916
Pearl [144grt], 30 September 1916
Peebles, 13 October 1917
Peerless, 4 September 1917
Pegu, 8 July 1917
Pelham, 13 June 1915
Pendennis, 8 July 1916
Penelope, 24 August 1917
Penhale, 18 May 1917
Penhallow, 12 June 1918
Peninsula, 25 July 1917
Penistone, 11 August 1918
Penpol, 19 June 1917
Pentyrch, 18 April 1918
Penvean, 1 March 1918
Pentwyn, 16 October 1918
Pentyrch, 18 April 1918
Penylan, 19 October 1916
Pera, 19 October 1917
Perce, 28 January 1917
Percy B, 29 September 1917
Percy Roy, 13 February 1917
Perla, 10 June 1917
Perriton, 29 January 1918
Perserverance, 23 September 1917
Perseus, 21 February 1917
Persia, 30 December 1915
Persier, 11 December 1917
Perth, 1 April 1916
Peshawur, 9 October 1917
Petridge, 8 April 1917
Petunia, 8 May 1917
Phantom, 8 June 1917
Phare, 31 October 1917
Phemius, 4 June 1917
Philadelphian, 19 February 1918
Philomel, 16 September 1918
Pilar de Larrinaga, 4 May 1917
Pinegrove, 11 December 1915
Pinewood, 17 February 1918
Pinmore, 19 February 1917
Pitho, 28 December 1916
Planudes, ?? January 1917
Plawsworth, 13 July 1918
Pluto, 10 April 1917
Plutus, 24 April 1917
Pola, 18 March 1917
Polamhall, 7 May 1917
Polanna, 6 August 1917
Polar Prince, 18 September 1917
Polbrae, 4 May 1918
Poldown, 9 October 1917
Poledn, 14 November 1916
Polesley, 21 September 1918
Polijames, 2 October 1918
Politania, 18 August 1917
Polleon, 22 March 1918
Polo, 12 February 1918
Poltava, 19 April 1917
Polvana, 17 October 1917
Polvarth, 20 December 1917
Polwell, 5 June 1918
Polymnia, 15 May 1917
Polyxena, 11 June 1917
Pomeranian, 15 April 1918
Ponrabbel, 16 October 1914
Pontiac [1,698grt], 21 April 1917
Pontiac [3,345grt], 28 April 1917
Pontypridd, 12 March 1917
Port Adelaide, 3 February 1917
Port Campbell, 7 April 1918
Port Curtis, 7 August 1917
Port Dalhousie, 19 March 1916
Port Hardy, 6 July 1918
Port Jackson, 28 April 1917
Port Kembla, 18 September 1917
Port Nicholson, 15 January 1917
Porthkerry, 18 May 1917
Portia, 2 August 1915
Portloe, 20 April 1917
Potaro, 10 January 1915
Powhatan, 6 April 1917
Presto, 6 April 1917
Primo [1,366grt], 26 November 1914
Primo [1,037grt], 18 September 1918
Primrose, 31 March 1917
Prince Abbas, 9 July 1917
Princess Caroline, 13 August 1915
Princess Dagmar, ? 7 May 1918
Princess Mary, 21 October 1916
Princess Maud, 10 June 1918
Princess Olga, 16 December 1914
Princess Royal, 26 May 1918
Princess Victoria, 9 March 1915
Proba, 7 December 1917
Prophet, 14 November 1917
Protector, 31 December 1916
Providence, 22 March 1917
Prunella, 22 August 1918
Pruth, 9 October 1914
Ptarmigan, 15 April 1915
Purley, 25 July 1917
Pundit, 9 June 1918
 
Q

Quaggy, 11 April 1917
Queen, 28 June 1918
Queenswood, 16 February 1917
Queen Adelaide, 18 June 1917
Queen Amelie, 17 September 1917
Queen Eugenie, 25 March 1917
Queen Mary, 16 April 1917
Queen Victoria, 9 June 1918
Queen Wilhelmina, 8 May 1915
Quernmore, 31 July 1917
 
R

Radnorshire, 7 January 1917
Ragnhild, 3 September 1917
Rallus, 27 September 1916
Raloo, 17 June 1917
Ramanzan, 19 September 1915
Ramsgarth, 28 November 1916
Ramillies, 21 July 1917
Ranger, 19 July 1918
Ranza, 1 August 1915
Rapallo, 13 Janaury 1918
Rappahannock, 26 October 1916
Ravenhill, 18 April 1916
Ravensbourne, 31 January 1917
Reapwell, 27 November 1916
Redesmere, 28 October 1917
Refugio, 12 May 1917
Remus, 23 February 1918
Renfrew [3,488grt], 3 July 1915
Renfrew [3,830grt], 24 February 1918
Repton, 7 May 1917
Restormel, 19 August 1915
Reventazon, 5 October 1918
Rewa, 4 January 1918
Rhem, 22 June 1918
Rhenass, 22 May 1916
Rhineland, 11 November 1915
Rhodesia, 11 October 1917
Rhona, 27 November 1916
Rhydwen, 18 April 1917
Ribera [3,500grt], 27 September 1914
Ribera [3,511grt], 10 June 1917
Ribston [3,048grt], 23 April 1916
Ribston [3,372grt], 16 July 1917
Richard de Larrinaga, 8 October 1917
Richmond, 1 July 1915
Rievaulx Abbey, 3 September 1916
Rinaldo, 18 April 1917
Rio Claro, 5 Janaury 1918
Rio Colorado, 22 March 1917
Rio Iguassu, 22 September 1914
Rio Pallarsea, 29 July 1918
Rio Parana, 24 February 1915
Rio Pirahy, 28 October 1916
Rio Sorocaba, 21 March 1917
Rio Tiete, 28 March 1916
Rio Verde, 21 February 1918
Riversdale, 18 December 1917
River Forth, 3 March 1917
Roanoke, 12 August 1917
Rob Roy, 26 January 1918
Robert Adamson, 10 April 1916
Robert Brown, 19 November 1917
Robert Eggleton, 28 December 1917
Robert Morris, 20 November 1917
Rochester Castle, 16 April 1917
Rochester City, 2 May 1916
Rockcliff, 2 July 1916
Rockpool, 2 March 1918
Rodanthe, 4 March 1917
Rollesby, 15 September 1917
Roma, 30 November 1916
Romany, 27 April 1918
Romeo, 3 March 1918
Romford, 10 February 1918
Romny, 26 February 1918
Romsdalen, 17 February 1917
Rona, 18 June 1916
Rosalie [4,243grt], 10 August 1915
Rosalie [4,237grt], 20 February 1917
Rosalind, 6 April 1917
Rosario, 18 August 1917
Roscommon, 21 August 1917
Rosebank, 31 May 1917
Rose Dorothea, 16 February 1917
Rose Marie, 5 January 1918
Rosehill, 23 September 1917
Rose Lea, 14 March 1917
Rosemoor, 17 July 1916
Rosemount, 6 August 1917
Ross, 22 April 1916
Rota, 22 July 1917
Rothesay, 5 March 1916
Rotorua, 22 March 1917
Roumanie, 2 September 1915
Rowanmore, 26 October 1916
Rowena, 18 April 1917
Roxburgh, 4 March 1918
Royal Edward, 13 August 1915
Ruabon, 2 May 1916
Rubio, 25 February 1918
Ruby, 28 March 1917
Ruel, 21 August 1915
Runo, 5 September 1914
Runswick, 18 April 1918
Ruperra, 20 June 1917
Russian, 14 December 1916
Rustington, 25 July 1917
Rutherglen, 24 July 1917
Ruth Hickman, 24 May 1918
Ruysdael, 7 September 1918
Rydal Hall, 1 December 1917
Rye, 7 April 1918
Rytonhall, 2 September 1917
 
S

Sabbia, 20 April 1916
Sabia, 24 November 1917
Saga, 14 February 1918
Sagamore, 3 March 1917
Saidieh, 1 June 1915
Saima, 8 June 1918
Sailor Prince, 2 October 1915
Saint Mirren, 26 May 1917
Saint Mungo, 2 May 1917
Salerno, 14 October 1915
Sallagh, 10 February 1917
Salmo, 7 April 1917
Salmonpool, 1 June 1916
Salsette, 20 July 1917
Salta, 10 April 1917
Salybia, 24 March 1916
Samara, 19 August 1915
Samuset, 20 March 1918
San Andres, 2 September 1918
San Bernardino, 10 August 1916
San Hilario, 20 April 1917
San Nicola, 31 March 1918
San Onofre, 12 May 1917
San Rito, 15 February 1918
San Urbano, 1 May 1917
San Wilfrido, 3 August 1914
Sandon Hall, 1 January 1918
Sandhurst, 6 May 1918
Sandsend, 16 September 1917
Santa Amalia, 28 December 1917
Santa Isabel, 14 April 1918
Santaren, 15 September 1917
Sanwen, 29 September 1917
Sapele, 26 October 1917
Saragossa, 8 June 1917
Sarah Radcliffe, 11 November 1916
Sardinia, 15 June 1916
Savona, 1 September 1915
Saxon, 7 May 1918
Saxon Briton, 6 February 1917
Saxon Monarch, 24 June 1917
Saxon Prince, 25 February 1916
Saxonian, 7 February 1917
Scalpa, 18 April 1917
Scawby, 6 October 1915
Scholar, 18 May 1918
Scottish Hero, 10 June 1917
Scottish Monarch, 29 June 1915
Sculptor [3,846grt], 18 April 1917
Sculptor [4,874grt], 17 May 1918
SD, 2 August 1916
Sea Gull [144grt], 26 February 1917
Sea Gull [976grt], 17 March 1918
Sea Serpent, 23 March 1916
Seang Choon, 10 July 1917
Seatonia, 1 November 1916
Sebek, 21 April 1917
Secondo, 27 September 1916
Seeker, 3 December 1916
Seistan, 23 October 1917
Selby, 30 September 1914
Semantha, 14 October 1917
Senator Dantziger, 19 April 1917
Serapis, 26 June 1917
Serbino, 16 August 1915
Serula, 16 September 1918
Setter, 13 September 1918
Seven Seas, 1 April 1915
Sheaf Blade, 25 October 1917
Sheldrake, 8 November 1916
Shenandoah, 14 April 1916
Shimosa, 30 July 1917
Shirala, 2 July 918
Sidmouth, 24 October 1916
Silksworth Hall, 10 April 1916
Silverash, 6 October 1915
Silverburn, 13 June 1917
Silverdale, 9 March 1918
Silverton, 13 July 1916
Silvia [5,268grt], 23 August 1915
Silvia [164grt], 1 April 1917
Simla, 2 April 1916
Sir Francis, 7 June 1917
Sir Joseph, 16 March 1917
Sir Richard Awdry, 8 November 1915
Sir Walter, 24 July 1917
Sir William Stephenson, 29 August 1915
Sixty-Six, 29 June 1918
Sjaelland, 25 May 1917
Skaraas, 23 May 1918
Skerries, 4 November 1916
Sneaton, 3 April 1916
Snowdon, 19 May 1918
Snowdonian, 31 July 1917
Snowden Range, 27 March 1917
Sofie, ? 3 February 1918
Solway Prince, 27 June 1917
Solway Queen, 2 April 1918
Somerset, 26 July 1917
Somme, 30 March 1917
Sommeina, 15 September 1917
Sonnie, 11 August 1917
South Arklow Light Vessel, 28 March 1917
Southborough, 16 July1918
Southford, 25 February 1916
Southgarth, 29 May 1916
Southina, 7 July 1917
Southland, 4 June 1917
South Point [3,837grt], 27 March 1915
South Point [4,258grt], 11 June 1917
South Wales, 24 June 1917
South Western, 16 March 1918
Sowwell, 19 April 1917
Sparkling Foam, 15 March 1918
Sparta, 28 October 1916
Spennymoor, 28 May 1915
Spenser, 6 January 1918
Spero, 2 November 1916
Sphene, 3 August 1916
Spinaway, 26 December 1916
Spiral, 4 August 1916
Spital, 15 January 1918
Spithead, 6 April 1917
Spray, 14 April 1917
Springhill, 24 August 1917
Springwell, 9 February 1916
Saint Barchan, 21 October 1918
Saint Cecilia, 26 March 1916
Saint Ninian, 7 February 1917
Saint Ronald, 19 September 1917
Saint Theodore, 12 December 1916
St Andrews, 13 June 1917
St. Dimitrios, 20 March 1918
St.Dunstan, 23 September 1917
St. Gothard, 26 September 1916
St. Margaret, 12 September 1917
St. Magnus, 12 February 1918
St. Olaf, 19 August 1915
St. Ursula, 12 December 1916
Standish Hall, 4 February 1918
Stamfordham, 4 August 1916
Stanhope, 17 June 1917
Staithes, 21 September 1918
Stanley, 21 March 1917
Stathe, 26 September 1916
Statesman, 3 November 1916
Steelville, 3 January 1918
Sten, 18 October 1917
Stephanotis [ex-Hackensack], 25 April 1917
Solt-Nielsen, 11 March 1918
Storm, 9 September 1917
Strathalbyn, 10 December 1916
Strathallan, 2 September 1916
Strathcarron, 8 June 1915
Strathconan, 13 April 1917
Strathdene, 8 October 1916
Strathnairn, 15 June 1915
Strathroy, 31 August 1914
Strathtay, 6 September 1916
Stephano, 8 October 1916
Stryn, 10 June 1918
Stuart Prince, 22 March 1917
Sturton, 7 February 1918
Subadar, 27 July 1918
Suffolk Coast, 7 November 1916
Summerfield, 13 August 1915
Sunbeam, 4 July 1915
Sunlight, 6 June 1915
Sunniside, 9 November 1916
Sunniva, 28 June 1918
Suntrap, 7 November 1917
Surada, 2 November 1918
Susannah, 8 June 1915
Sutherland, 17 January 1916
Swanmore, 25 April 1917
Swan River, 27 September 1917
Swedish Prince, 17 August 1916
Swiftsure, 9 September 1917
Swift Wings, 1 September 1916
Sycamore, 25 August 1917
Sylvanian, 24 June 1917
Sylvie, 15 July 1916
Szechuen, 10 May 1918
 
T

Tabasco, 26 January 1917
Talisman, 6 August 1917
Tamar, 25 March 1915
Tangistan, 9 March 1915
Tagona, 16 May 1918
Tagus, 6 September 1916
Tamele, 16 July 1917
Tandil, 12 March 1917
Tanis, 27 November 1915
Tarbertness, 7 March 1918
Tarpeia, 11 May 1917
Tarquah, 7 July 1917
Tartary, 16 May 1918
Tasman, 16 September 1918
Tasso, 17 March 1917
Taxiarchis, 29 January 1918
Teakwood, 28 April 1917
Teal, 29 April 1916
Teano, 29 June 1916
T Crowley, 10 March 1917
Tecwyn, 20 February 1917
Teeling Head, 21 January 1918
Teesborough, 3 September 1916
Tela, 2 May 1917
Telena, 21 April 1917
Tempus, 19 April 1917
Terence, 28 April 1917
Tergestea, 13 February 1916
Teutonian, 4 March 1916
Teviotdale, 11 June 1917
Tewfikieh, 9 June 1918
Thalia, 8 October 1918
Thames, 26 May 1918
The Duke, 20 October 1916
The Macbain, 4 March 1917
The Marchioness, 20 October 1916
The Marquis, 8 November 1917
The President, 10 April 1915
The Queen [557grt], 17 August 1915
The Queen [1,676grt], 26 October 1916
The Stewart's Court, 21 August 1918
Thelma, 26 September 1916
Theodor, 5 September 1917
Thirlby, 2 July 1917
Thistleard, 24 April 1917
Thistleban, 23 December 1916
Thistledhu, 18 June 1917
Thomas, 18 April 1917
Thornaby, 28 February 1916
Thornfield, 17 August 1915
Thorpwood, 8 October 1915
Thorsa, 2 May 1918
Thracia, 27 March 1917
Thurso, 27 September 1916
Tiberia, 22 February 1918
Tillycorthie, 1 March 1917
Titian, 26 August 1917
Toftwood, 13 January 1917
Togston, 18 October 1917
Tokomaru, 30 January 1915
Toledo, ? 5 October 1917
Tommi, 5 May 1918
Tom Roper, 21 October 1917
Tong Hong, 27 June 1917
Topaz, 12 March 1917
Torcello, 15 July 1917
Torino, 29 October 1916
Toro, 12 April 1917
Torr Head, 20 April 1917
Torridge, 6 September 1916
Torrington, 8 April 1917
Tortuguero, 22 June 1918
Tottenham, 4 August 1916
Toward, 31 October 1915
Towergate, 16 April 1917
Towneley, 31 January 1918
Trabboch, 14 September 1914
Trader, 13 January 1916
Trafalgar, 23 August 1915
Trafford, 16 June 1915
Transylvania, 4 May 191
Traquair, 12 January 1916
Tredegar Hall, 23 October 1917
Trefusis, 7 April 1917
Tregantle, 22 April 1916
Tregenna, 26 December 1917
Trekieve, 18 April 1917
Trelissick, 15 July 1917
Treloske, 29 August 1917
Trelyon, 21 July 1917
Trematon, 20 January 1916
Tremeadow, 19 January 1917
Tremorvah, 11 April 1917
Treneglos, 14 November 1915
Trevarrack, 16 November 1916
Treveal, 4 February 1918
Trevean, 22 January 1917
Treverbyn, 3 September 1917
Trevose, 18 March 1917
Trident, 7 August 1916
Tringa, 26 November 1915
Trinidad, 22 March 1918
Tritonia [4,272grt], 19 December 1914
Tritonia [4,445grt], 27 February 1917
Triumph, 18 February 1917
Trocas, 19 January 1918
Troilus [7,562grt], 18 October 1914
Troilus [7,625grt], 2 May 1917
Trojan Prince, 23 February 1917
Trongate, 22 September 1917
T R Thompson, 29 March 1918
Trowbridge, 14 November 1917
Trunkby, 27 May 1916
Truro, 6 May 1915
Tullochmoor, 28 May 1915
Tummel, 24 February 1916
Tung Shan, 15 May 1917
Tunisiana, 23 June 1915
Turakina, 13 August 1917
Turino, 4 February 1917
Turnbridge, 24 December 1917
Turquoise, 31 July 1915
Turritella, 27 February 1917
Tuscania, 5 February 1918
Tuskar, 6 September 1917
Tweed [1,025grt], 13 March 1918
Tweed [1,777grt], 14 March 1918
Twig, 24 October 1916
Tycho, 20 May 1917
Tymeric, 25 September 1914
Tyne, 17 June 1917
Tyrhaug, 22 March 1918
 
U

Uganda [4,135grt], 8 March 1918
Uganda [5.431grt], 27 May 1918
Ultonia, 27 June 1917
Umaria, 26 May 1917
Umba, 30 April 1918
Umballa, 25 December 1917
Umeta, 1 December 1915
Umvoti, 8 April 1917
Unity, 2 May 1918
Upcerne, 28 April 1918
Urbino, 24 September 1915
Urd, 11 September 1917
Uskmoor, 5 March 1918
Ussa, 3 May 1917
Utopia [155grt], 10 August 1915
Utopia [184grt], 2 March 1917
 
V

Valdes, 17 February 1917
Valencia, 16 July 1917
Valetta, 8 July 1917
Vandalia, 9 June 1918
Vandyk, 26 October 1914
Vanellus, 1 October 1916
Vanguard, 16 November 1916
Van Stirum, 25 December 1915
Vasco, 16 November 1916
Vauxhall, 25 April 1917
Vedamore, 7 February 1917
Veghstroom, 23 August 1917
Vellore, 25 March 1917
Vendee, 8 July 1917
Venetia, 9 December 1917
Ventmoor, 14 February 1918
Verdi, 22 August 1917
Vera Elizabeth, 5 July 1918
Veria, 7 December 1915
Vernon, 31 August 1917
Vestra, 6 February 1917
Vesuvio, 6 April 1916
Vianna, 31 March 1918
Victoria [165grt], 16 April 1917
Victoria [1,620grt], 29 April 1917
Victoria [974grt], 17 November 1917
Vienna, 11 September 1917
Vigilant, 26 September 1915
Vimeira, 12 May 1918
Vine Branch, ?? 11 April 1917
Vinovia, 19 December 1917
Violet, 18 June 1917
Virent, 24 August 1918
Virginia, 16 July 1916
Volnay, 14 December 1917
Volodia, 21 August 1917
Voltaire [8,618grt], 2 December 1916
Voltaire [409grt], 11 February 1917
Vosges, 27 March 1915
Vronwen, 29 August 1917
 
W

Waihemo, 17 March 1918
Waikawa, 19 October 1917
Wairuna, 2 June 1917
Waitemata, 14 July 1918
Wallsend, 14 August 1918
Waneta, 30 May 1918
Wapello, 15 June 1917
Warilda, 3 August 1918
Warley Pickering, 5 February 1917
Warnow, 2 May 1917
War Arabis, 9 September 1918
War Baron, 5 January 1918
War Crocus, 8 July 1918
War Council, 16 October 1918
War Firth, 4 September 1918
War Helmet, 19 April 1918
War Monarch, 14 February 1918
War Patrol, 10 August 1917
War Song, 15 January 1918
War Swallow, 16 July 1918
War Tune, 9 December 1917
Warren, 1 April 1917
Warrior, 21 April 1917
Warsaw, 20 December 1917
Wartenfels, 5 February 1917
Washington, 3 May 1917
Watauga, 27 March 1918
Waterlily, 10 September 1917
Wathfield, 21 February 1917
Waverley, 20 December 1917
W C Mackay, ?10 January 1918
W D Potts, 1 May 1917
Wearside, 25 October 1917
Wega, 14 June 1917
Welbeck Hall, 22 April1918
Welbury, 1 July 1915
Wellington, 16 September 1918
Welsh Prince, 13 October 1916
Wentworth, 2 September 1917
Westburn, 8 February 1916
Westbury, 31 August 1917
Westfield, 10 April 1918
Westlands, 23 November 1917
Westonby, 15 June 1917
Westergate, 21 April 1918
Western Coast [1,165grt], 24 February 1915
Western Coast [1,394grt], 17 November 1917
Westminster, 14 December 1916
Westmoor, 1 July 1918
Westville, 31 December 1917
West Wales, 21 January 1918
Westwick, 7 March 1917
Westwood, 3 October 1918
W Harkness, 22 October 1916
W H Dwyer, 26 August 1917
W H L, 28 January 1918
W M L, 30 June 1918
Wheatflower, 19 February 1918
Whitecourt, 28 August 1917
Whitefield, 1 September 1915
Whitehall, 28 July 1917
White Head, 15 October 1917
Whitgift, 20 April 1916
Wilberforce, 7 July 1917
Wilfrid M, 14 January 1915
Wilhelm, 7 June 1917
Willena Gertrude, 21 July 1917
Wileysike, 9 May 1918
William, 11 September 1917
W M Barkley, 12 October 1917
William Martin, 16 March 1917
William Shepherd, 17 April 1917
Willer, 20 February 1915
William Dawson, 21 August 1915
William George, 30 September 1916
Willie, 16 March 1916
Willingtonia, 25 August 1918
Wilson, 12 April 1918
Wilston, 15 February 1916
Wilton Hall, 16 July 1916
Wimmera, 26 June 1918
Windermere, 27 June 1916
Windsor, 21 August 1915
Windsor Hall, 17 January 1918
Winlaton, 23 August 1917
Wirral, 12 May 1917
Wisbech, 14 August 1917
Wolff, 21 July 1916
Woodfield, 3 November 1915
Woolston, 14 May 1918
Woolwich, 3 November 1915
Worcestershire, 17 February 1917
Wordsworth, 11 March 1917
Wrag, 4 January 1917
Wreathier, 3 December 1917
Wychwood, 28 March 1917
Wyndhurst, 6 December 1917
 
X


Y

Yarrowdale, 11 December 1916
Yeddo, 24 December 1915
Yochow, 20 March 1918
Yonne, 6 April 1916
Ypres, 31 July 1917
Yzer, 21 July 1916
 
Z

Zafra, 8 April 1916
Zanoni, 12 May 1917
Zara, 13 April 1917
Zeno, 20 February 1918
Zent, 5 April 1917
Zermatt, 24 July 1917
Zeta, 14 September 1917
Zillah, 22 October 1917
Zinal, 17 August 1918
Zone, 30 December 1917
Zoroaster, 29 December 1916


direct to:
1914-1915
1916

1917

in preparation
:
1918-1919





 
 





 
1917

 

JANUARY 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in January: 49 merchant ships totalling 153,666grt - 6 of 19,304grt to surface ships, 35 of 109,954grt to submarines, 8 of 24,408grt to mines, plus 16 fishing vessels totalling 2,020grt, all to submarines (H)


Monday, 1 January 1917

Dover Straits
   
Merchant ship damaged by British anti-submarine mined nets off Calais (L - 4 miles N of Gravelines; sc - near West Dyck shoal), Dover Patrol paddle minesweepers went to her assistance but one was also mined in the nets:

Sussex, 5,686 (ms – 5,474)/1900, Federal Steam Navigation Co, London, armed, sailing Sydney for Dunkirk with meat, general cargo. (L – 31 December 1916) - Duchess of Montrose and Nepaulin, joined later by Redcar, towed her clear, beached 4 miles E of Dunkirk Jetty, refloated (un – mine laid by UC.1 (OskarSteckelberg)) (H/L/dq/ms/sc/un)
   
English Channel

HOLLY BRANCH, 3,568/1911, Nautilus SS Co, sailing La Plata for Havre with bagged oats. Captured by UB.39 (Heinrich Küstner), sunk by bombs 14 miles NE by N of Ile de Bas, off Roscoff (L/te - in 48.59N, 03.56W) (H/L/te/un)

Central Mediterranean

BAYCRAIG, 3,761/1905, Bay SS Co, London-reg, Mr Bertram Edmonds, armed, sailing Port Louis for Marseilles with sugar. Torpedoed by UC.22 (Heino von Heimburg), sank 84 miles ESE of Malta (L/te - in 35.32N, 16.10E), master taken prisoner, joined two other captured captains (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   
IVERNIA, troopship/transport, passenger ship, 14,278/1900, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool-reg, armed, sailing for Alexandria with 2,400 troops, heavy weather. Torpedoed by UB.47 (Wolfgann Steinbauer), sank 58 miles S by E 1/2 E of Cape Matapan, Greece; 36 lives lost (ge - 125 lives, because of the weather; te - 121 lives; wd - 85 military, 35 crew totalling 120. Note: HMSO only lists crew lost) (H/L/ge/me/te/un/wd)
       


Tuesday, 2 January 1917

Atlantic off NW France

CARLYLE, 466/1901, Straits SS Co, Singapore-reg, sailing Manchester for La Pallice with general cargo. Captured by UB.39 (Heinrich Küstner), sunk by bombs 5 miles WSW of Ile de Sein LH, SW of Brest (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Bay of Biscay

Two vessels attacked by U-boat(s):

Cromarty, 2,742/1892, B J Sutherland & Co, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Luga, 1,988/1909, Stott Line, Liverpool. Gun attack, escaped (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Bengali, 5,684 (ms – 5,665)/1901, T & J Brocklebank, Liverpool, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 8 April 1918 (H/ms)   



Wednesday, 3 January 1917

Mediterranean

Huntsend, ex-German steamship, troopship/transport, 8,826 (ms – 8,818)/1908, British Government (Harris & Dixon), armed. Torpedoed by UB.47 (Wolfgang Steinbauer), damaged, towed into port; one life lost (H/L/me/ms/un)
  
    

Thursday, 4 January 1917

North Sea

LONCLARA, cargo ship, ex-mud hopper, 1,294/1911, Port of London Authority. Mined, laid by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank off River Wear, Co Durham; 4 lives lost (H/L/un)
   
Atlantic off Morocco

WRAGBY, 3,641/1901, Sir R Ropner, sailing Barry for Gibraltar with coal. Captured by UC.37 (Otto Launburg), sunk by gunfire 45 miles W by N of Cape Spartel (H/L/te/un)
   


Friday, 5 January 1917

Bay of Biscay

One, possibly two steamships captured by UB.39:

ALLIE, 1,127/1899, Allen, Adams, Southampton-reg, sailing Swansea for Bordeaux with copper sulphate. Sunk by UB.39 (Heinrich Küstner) with bombs 10 miles W by N of Ile de Re, off La Rochelle (L - 10 miles W of Baleines LH; te - in 46.15N, 01.48W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Eastgate, 4,277/1915, Turnbull Scott Shipping Co (Turnbull, Scott), London, sailing New York for La Pallice with benzol and war stores. (L - 3rd) - Captured by U-boat 6 miles W of Baleines Light, Ile de Ré, escaped, brought into port, damaged according to Lloyds. Bombed and lost in 1940, also off Ile de Ré (H/L/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

LESBIAN, 2,555/1915, Papayanni Line, armed, sailing Calicut for London/Tees with general cargo. Captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sunk by gunfire 125 miles E by S of Malta (L/te - in 35.48N, 17.06E); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   


Saturday, 6 January 1917

Atlantic off NW France

BEAUFRONT, 1,720/1915, Tyneside Line, sailing Bilbao for Tees with iron ore. Captured by U.82 (Hans Adam), sunk by torpedo 76 miles NW by W of Ushant island, off NW Brittany (L/te - in 48.40N, 07W) (H/L/te/un)
   
La Rosarina, passenger & cargo ship, 8,332/1912, British & Argentine Steam Navigation Co, West Hartlepool, armed. Gun attack off Ushant, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Central Mediterranean

HUDWORTH, 3,966/1916, Trechmann SS, armed, sailing Karachi for Hull with barley and seed. Torpedoed by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sank 94 miles ESE of Malta (L/te - in 35.31N, 16.24E) (H/L/te)   



Sunday, 7 January 1917

English Channel

BRENDA, brigantine, 249/1879, Holden & Gann, Faversham-reg, Mr W Dadd, sailing London for Fowey with part cargo of manure. Captured by UB.23 (Heinz Ziemer), sunk by gunfire 10 miles SSW of Beachy Head, near Eastbourne (wi - in 50.36.50N, 00.05E) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Atlantic off Portugal

Bampton, 4,496/1910, Tatem Steam Navigation Co (W J Tatem), Cardiff, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Central Mediterranean

MOHACSFIELD, 3,678/1910, Doughty Shipping, Mr James Taylor, armed, saling from Cette with hay. Captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), 40 miles SE by E 1/2 E of Malta, not known how sunk; 3 lives lost, master taken prisoner, joined master of SS Lesbian. Mr Taylor accused de la Perière of duplicity by displaying an Austrian flag although the crew was obviously German. In return he was accused of being a pirate for firing on the submarine (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Central Atlantic

RADNORSHIRE, 4,310/1913, Royal Mail Steam Packet, , London-reg Mr X Willats, armed, sailing Santos/Bahia for London with coffee beans, steaming at full speed of just under 10kts, no lights but full moon with fine and clear weather. Captured by German raider Möwe, supplies of coffee trans-shipped, sunk by bombs 110 miles E true from Pernambuco, NE Brazil (L - in 8S, 33W) (H/L/Mn/kp)
   


Monday, 8 January 1917

Central Mediterranean

British steamship (and an Admiralty collier) sunk by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière) off Malta:

ANDONI, 3,188/1898, Elder Line, Liverpool-reg, Mr W Dennis, armed, sailing Karachi for UK. Torpedoed, sank 46 miles SE of (te - in 35.19N, 15.07E); 3 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un)



Tuesday, 9 January 1917

U-boat Warfare - German Government finally decided to declare unrestricted submarine warfare on 1 February

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Alexandrian, 4,467/1911 (ms – 1901), F Leyland & Co, Liverpool, sailing New Orleans for Liverpool with general cargo. Gun and torpedo attack by U.84 (Walter Roehr) 20 miles SW of Fastnet (L - 9 miles SW of), damaged, beached  1/2 m W of Lonehort Point, Berehaven in Bantry Bay on 10th, refloated, beached again at Mill Cove, later refloated (H/L/ms/un)
   
Eastern Mediterranean

BAYNESK, 3,286/1906, Bay SS Co, London-reg, armed, Port Louis for Marseilles with sugar. Torpedoed by U.39 (Walter Forstmann), sank 130 miles N by W of Alexandria (L - 130 miles NW of); 7 lives lost (H/L/dk/te/un)

Atlantic off Azores

GLADYS ROYLE, 3,268/1894, James Westoll, Sunderland-reg, Mr Chewn, sailing Cardiff for Buenos Aires with steam coal. German sailing raider Seeadler (Cdr Graf Felix von Luckner) signalled request for chronometer time, collier changed course and slowed to oblige, German ensign raised and three shots fired bringing her to a stop, boarding party took supplies and placed bombs sinking her 120 miles S 1/2 W true from Santa Maria island, SE Azores (L - in 37.50N, 20.15W; kp - 120 miles S by W of) (H/L/Mn/kp)



Wednesday, 10 January 1917

Atlantic off SW England

Inventor, 7,679/1910, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), London, armed. Gun attack W of Scillies, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Atlantic off NW Spain

One, possibly two steamships attacked by U.79 (Heinrich Jess) off Cape Finisterre:

BROOKWOOD, 3,093/1904, Joseph Constantine, Middlesbrough-reg, sailing Penarth for Port Said with coal. Captured by U.79, sunk by gunfire 210 miles N by W of (L/te - in 45.50N, 11.50W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Knight Companion, 7,241/1913, Knight SS Co (Greenshields, Cowie), Liverpool, armed. U-boat gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off Azores

LUNDY ISLAND, 3,095/1899, Williams Steam Navigation, West Hartlepool-reg, Mr George Bannister, sailing Mauritius for Nantes with sugar. (L - 9th) - Seeadler approached, hoisted German ensign and fired a shot across the bows but Lundy Island attempted to escape by steering into the wind, more shots fired, four of which hit, hove to and lowered boats, sunk by gunfire 190 miles SE 1/2 E true from Santa Maria island, SW Azores; steward taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/kp)
   
Central Atlantic

NETHERBY HALL, 4,461/1905, Ellerman Lines, Liverpool-reg, sailing Calcutta/Table Bay for Cuba with general cargo. Captured by Möwe, sunk by bombs 300 miles E by N true from Pernambuco, Brazil (L - 07.14S, 29.47W) (H/L/Mn/kp)
   


Friday, 12 January 1917

North Sea

BRENTWOOD, 1,192/1904, Cory Colliers Ltd, London-reg, 16 crew, Mr R Hunter, sailing London for North Shields in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.43 (Erwin Sebelin), sank 4 miles ENE of Whitby, Yorkshire (wi - in 54.32.01N, 00.35.41W); 2 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off NW France

AUCHENCRAG, 3,916/1903, Auchen SS Co, Glasgow-reg, sailing La Plata for Cherbourg with wheat. Captured by U.84 (Walter Roehr), sunk by torpedo 20 miles W of Ushant (te - in 48.28N, 05.35W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   


Saturday, 13 January 1917

English Channel

TOFTWOOD, 3,082/1906, Joseph Constantine, sailing New York for Havre with general cargo. Captured by UC.18 (Wilhelm Kiel), sunk by torpedo, 24 miles N 1/2 W of Sept lles, near Roscoff (te - in 49.15N, 03.43W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Fernley, 3,820/1901, W R Rea, Belfast. Gun attack, rescued (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off NW Spain

Amazon, passenger & cargo ship, 10,037/1906, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast, armed. U-boat attack off Cape Finisterre, torpedo missed. Sunk 15 March 1918 (H/ms)



Sunday, 14 January 1917

English Channel

 Ussa, 2,066/1913, Stott (Baltic) Steamers, Liverpool. Gun attack, escaped. Sunk 3 May 1917 (H/ms)

Atlantic off NW France

MARTIN, 1,904/1895, Sir R. Ropner, sailing Bayonne for Barry with pit props. Captured by UC.18 (Wilhelm Kiel), sunk by gunfire 8 miles N by W of Ushant (L - 48.36N, 05.16W; te - in 48.36N, 05.08W) (H/L/te/un)   

Mediterranean

Cardiganshire, passenger & cargo ship, 9,426/1913, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)   



Monday, 15 January 1917

English Channel

PORT NICHOLSON, 8,418/1912, Commonwealth & Dominion Line, armed, sailing Sydney for Dunkirk/London with meat and general cargo. Mined, laid by UC.1 (Hugo Thielmann), sank 15 miles W 1/2 N of Dunkirk (L - 2 1/2 m E of Walde Light; te - in 51.02N, 01.58E); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off SW England

KINPURNEY, 3-mast sailing vessel, 1,944/1902, J S Stewart & Co, sailing Cardiff for Port Nolloth with coal, coke and limestone. Captured by U.84 (Walter Roehr), sunk by torpedo 110 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/un - in 49.20N, 09.10W) (H/L/un)

Mediterranean

Comeric, 3,980/1898, SS Comeric Co (Andrew Weir), Glasgow, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
       


Tuesday, 16 January 1917

Atlantic off SW Ireland

BARON SEMPILL, 1,607/1911, Kelvin Shipping, Ardrossan-reg, sailing Glasgow for Huelva with general cargo. Captured by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ), sunk by bombs 180 miles SW of Fastnet (L/te - in 48.49N, 11.45W) (H/L/te/un)
   

   
Thursday, 18 January 1917

North Sea

Cetus, trawler, 139/1893, Grimsby-reg GY548, fishing. Attacked by UB.41 (Friedrich Karl Sichart von Sichartshofen) off Scotland in 56.21N, 00.21E, damaged, towed into Aberdeen (L/D/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

MANCHESTER INVENTOR (1), 4,247/1902, Manchester Liners, sailing St John (NB) for Manchester with general cargo. Captured by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg), sunk by torpedo 50 miles NW by W 1/2 W of Fastnet (te - in 51.36N, 10.56W) (H/L/te/un)

Bay of Biscay

Caithness, 3,500 (ms – 3,503)/1898, Sutherland SS Co, Newcastle, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 19 April 1917 (H/ms)   



Friday, 19 January 1917

Atlantic off SW Ireland

NAILSEA COURT, 3,295/1902, Morgan & Cadogan, Hull-reg, armed, Mr E Howe, sailing Bougie for Barrow with iron ore. Torpedoed by U.48 (Berndt Buss), sank 32 miles W of The Skelligs, near Valencia Is (L - 23 to 28 miles WNW of Skelligs Light, in 51.50.30N, 11.20W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Two armed steamships shelled by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:

Travaylor, 4,249grt

Deseado, passenger & cargo ship, 11,477/1912, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast (H/ms)

Atlantic off S Ireland

LILIAN H, schooner, 467grt, Lillian Shipping, Parrsborough (NS)-reg, Mr F Haux, sailing Whitehaven for Barbados with roofing slates. Captured by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger), sunk by bombs 15 miles S by E of Old Head of Kinsale, Co Cork (L/wi - 15 miles S of, in 51.22N, 08.28W); crew forced to abandon ship at gunpoint (H/L/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off NW France

TREMEADOW, 3,653/1905, Hain SS Co, sailing Buenos Aires for Hull with maize. Captured by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sunk by gunfire 35 miles NE 1/2 N of Ushant (L - in about 49.03N, 04.50W) (H/L/te/un)
       


Saturday, 20 January 1917

North Sea

PLANUDES, 542/1900, A Nicholls, sailed from Tyne 18th for Trouville with coal, went missing, posted by Lloyds 7/3/17, “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by mine in North Sea”. Believed 20th - Confirmed as mined, laid by UC.43 (Erwin Sebelin), sank off Whitby, Yorkshire; 11 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland
   
Two steamships torpedoed and sunk by U.84 (Walter Roehr):

NEUQUEN, 3,583/1913, Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, London-reg, 34 crew, Mr E Reed, Rosario to Belfast with 5,900t maize, steaming at 9kts. Captured and sunk 20 miles NW by W of The Skelligs (te/wi - in 51.50N, 10.52W); 18 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)

BULGARIAN, 2,515/1891, Westcott & Laurance Lines, Glasgow-reg, armed, Cartagena for Garston with iron ore. Fourteen lives lost including master, 9 crew taken prisoner (H/L/dk/te/un)   



Sunday, 21 January 1917

Atlantic off N Ireland

Three trawlers captured by U.45 (Erich sittenfeld) and sunk by gunfire off Inishtrahull Rock, off Co Donegal:

GLADYS, 275/1906, Fleetwood Steam Fishing, Fleetwood-reg FD61, Skipper G Turner, sailed from Fleetwood for fishing. Sunk 40 miles NW by N of (wi - in 55.55N, 08W) (H/L/Lr/fd/un/wi)
   
LUCY, 280/1905, Fleetwood Steam Fishing, Fleetwood-reg FD24, sailed from Fleetwood for fishing. Sunk 42 miles NW by N of (wi - in 56N, 08W) (H/L/Lr/fd/un/wi)
   
STAR OF THE SEA, 197/1902, A Walker ( 1/2 ), Aberdeen-reg (un – Fleetwood-owned), Skipper A Brodie, working out of Aberdeen, fishing. Sunk 43 miles NW by N 1/2 N of (wi - 43 miles NW by W of, in 56N, 08W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

       

Monday, 22 January 1917

U.76 foundered in bad weather in Arctic off North Cape

North Sea

Argo (2), 1,102/1898, Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull, sailing Bergen for Hull with general cargo. Gun attack (L - in 59.23N, 01.07W, off Fair Isle), escaped, damaged according to Lloyds (H/L/ms)

English Channel

ETHEL, ketch-rigged sailing smack, 23/1895, Brixham-reg (bm - differs), sailed Brixham for fishing & return. Captured by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner), sunk by gunfire 30 miles SSE of Start Point, Devon (wi - by scuttling charges 30 miles SSW of, in 49.48N, 03.13W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)   

Atlantic off W Ireland

One, possibly two armed steamships attacked by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg) off Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork:

TREVEAN, 3,081/1902, Hain SS Co, sailing Benisaf for Tyne with iron ore. Captured by U.57, sunk by bombs 240 miles SW by W of (L/te - in 48N, 13W); master, two gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
Bendoran, 4,074/1908, W Thomson & Co, Leith. U-boat gun attack 225 miles SW by W of, rescued. Wrecked in WW2 (H/ms)

   

Tuesday, 23 January 1917

North Sea

CLAN SHAW, 3,943/1902, Clan Line, Glasgow-reg, 1-12pdr, sailing Chittagong/Calcutta via London for Dundee with jute. Mined, laid by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow) at mouth of River Tay, beached 8 miles NE of St Andrew's (wi - in 56.25.48N, 02.36.24W), total loss; 2 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Three fishing vessels on fishing grounds lost in uncertain but similar circumstances according to original sources.Uboat.net confirms all three captured by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ) in North Sea on 23rd:

GEORGE E BENSON, trawler, 155/1902, Purdy Steam Fishing, North Shields-reg. (H - between 22nd-28th) - "Captured by enemy", taken into port (H/L/Lr/un)

AGNES (L - trawler; Lr - not identified as trawler), 125/1896, Pioneer Fishing Society, North Shields-reg. (H - end of January 1917 ; L - previous to 21 February) - (L - presumably taken into German port) (H/L/Lr/un)

VERA, trawler, 150/1896, W Ellis, Grimsby-reg. (H - end of January) - Listed with Agnes (L - "captured and taken into a German port”) (H/L/Lr/gy/un)

Atlantic off SW England

Messina, 4,271/1911, Furness, Withy & Co, West Hartlepool, armed. Chased at entrance to English Channel, escaped (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off NW Spain

JEVINGTON, 2,747/1905, Southdown SS Co, Mr T Stretting, sailing Rosario for Rochefort with wheat. Torpedoed by U.43 (Hellmuth Jürst) in the afternoon, sank 52 miles NW 1/2 W of Cape Ortegal, near Ferrol (L/te - in 44.08N, 09.W) (H/L/Mn/te/un)
       


Thursday, 25 January 1917

Atlantic off SW England

Clumberhall, 3,599/1899, West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Co, West Hartlepool, armed. Chased, escaped (H/ms)
   


Friday, 26 January 1917

Atlantic off SW Ireland

One, possibly three steamships attacked by U.45 (Erich Sittenfeld) off The Skelligs:

TABASCO, 2,987/1895, Furness, Withy, Sunderland-reg, 33 crew, Mr J Yeoman, sailing Halifax (NS) for Liverpool with general cargo including apples, frozen meat and sugar, steaming at 8kts. Captured by U.45, sunk by torpedo 55 miles WNW of (L/te/wi - in 51.50N, 12W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Liddesdale, 4,403/1910, MacKill SS Co, Glasgow, armed. Gun attack 65 miles W by N of, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)   

Valentia, 3,242/1898, International Line SS Co (Marwood), Whitby. Gun attack 114 mile NW by W of, escaped. Admiralty collier when sunk 16 July 1917 (H/ms)   
South Atlantic

MATHERAN, 7,664/1906, T & J Brocklebank, Liverpool-reg, armed, sailing Liverpool for Calcutta with general cargo. Mined, laid by by German raider Wolf around the 17th, sank 9 miles W of Dassen Is, Cape of Good Hope (L - 21 miles 41ºW true of Cape Town); one life lost (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)
       


Saturday, 27 January 1917
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

AVA, 5,076/1906, British & Burmese Steam Navigation Co, Glasgow-reg, armed, sailed Liverpool 26th for Dakar/Rangoon with passengers and general cargo, went missing, posted by Lloyds 16/5/17, “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by submarine”. Possibly 27th (dx/te/un - 26th) - Confirmed as torpedoed and sunk by U.45 (uboat.net has not been able to identity the U-boat); 92 lives lost including master and MN stewardess (H/L/Mn/dx/ge/te/tr/un)
   
Mediterranean

Ingleby, 3,815/1907, R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   


Sunday, 28 January 1917

North Sea

ALEXANDRA, trawler, 179/1905, Grimsby-reg, Queen Steam Fishing, homeward bound with fish, 5 or 6 hours from land. Captured in the forenoon by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader; Mn – UC.32)), sunk by bombs 60 miles E of Longstone, Outer Farne Is; skipper taken prisoner, crew placed on neutral ship (H/L/Lr/Mn/gy/un)
   
Central Atlantic

PERCE, 3-mast schooner, 364/1916, Robin, Jones & Whitman, Liverpool (NS)-reg, sailing Halifax (NS) for Santos with gaberdine, lumber/wood and salted fish. (kp - 24th) – German sailing raider Seeadler made signals which were ignored, then fired two shots across the bow, Perce stopped, boarding party went across, sunk by gunfire 150 miles NE by N true of St Paul Rocks, off Brazil (L - 690 miles NE of Cape St Roque, in 02.49S, 27.16E); crew including skipper and his new bride taken off (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)
   


Monday, 29 January 1917

North Sea

Three trawlers on fishing grounds, captured by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader) (Mn - UC.32), two of them sunk by gunfire:

Petrel, with Thistle and Mayfly. After sinking trawler Alexandra on the 28th, UC.31 waited until daylight, closed Petrel's boat and put a Warrant Officer Haack onboard with revolver and bombs. As the U-boat headed for Thistle to sink her, Haack was rowed towards Mayfly to plant explosives. Armed trawler Speedwell came on the scene, exchanged fire with the U-boat which dived and left Haack to be taken prisoner (Mn)   

THISTLE, 167/1902, A & R Osborne, Grimsby-reg. Sunk 140 miles NE by E 1/2 E of the mouth of the Tyne (L - 140 miles NE by N 1/2 N of) (H/L/Lr/Mn/gy/un)

SHAMROCK (1), 173/1900, A & R Osborne, Grimsby-reg. Sunk about 115 miles NNE of Longstone, Farne Is (H/L/Lr/gy/un)



  Tuesday, 30 January 1917

Atlantic off SW England

Six sailing smacks on fishing grounds sunk by gunfire of U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) off Trevose Head, Cornwall, five of them captured first:

EUONYMOUS, ketch-rigged, 59/1913, William Brown, Lowestoft-reg LT161. Sunk by U-boat 34 miles NW of (un/wi - in 50.30N, 05.31W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

W. A. H., 47grt. Sunk 32 miles NW of (un – in 50.46N, 05.38W; wi - 50.50N, 05.30W) (H/L/un/wi)

TREVONE, 46grt. (ge/os - 31st) - Sunk “without warning”, 30 miles NW by N of (un/wi - 30 miles NW of, in 50.50N, 05.30W); 2 lives lost including skipper. Werner was on British list of war criminals for sinking Trevone, progressed post-war as Naval Case No.11 but his whereabouts were not known, case did not go to court (H/L/ge/os/un/wi)

WETHERILL, 46grt. Sunk 25 miles NNW of (un/wi - in 50.50N, 05.30W) (H/L/un/wi)

HELENA & SAMUEL, 59grt. Sunk 30 miles NNW of (un/wi - in 51N, 05.34W) (H/L/un/wi)

MERIT, ketch-rigged, 39/1898, Thomas I Jenkerson, Brixham-reg BM28. Sunk 20 miles N by E of (un/wi - 20 miles NE of, in 50.50N, 04.46W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)   
   


Wednesday, 31 January 1917

U-boat Warfare - Declaration of unrestricted U-boat warfare, effective following day

North Sea

RAVENSBOURNE, 1,226/1916, South Metropolitan Gas Co, London-reg, 1-6pdr, 19 crew, Newcastle for London with coal. Mined, laid by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank 8 miles SE of Tyne (L - 4 1/2  to 5 miles E of Souter Pt; wi - 5 miles E of Souter Point, Whitburn, in 54.55.54N, 01.14.33W); 3 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

IDA DUNCAN, steam screw tug (Lr - steam trawler), 139/1891, C Duncan, Middlesbrough-reg, Mr I Baker, Middlesbrough for Tees Bay in ballast. Blown in two by mine at 1430, stern section sank almost at once, forepart went down 15min later  1/2 m E of South Gare LH, mouth of R Tees (L/wi -  1/2 m E of South Gare Breakwater, in 54.39N, 01.07.42W; un – 1.5 miles E of); all 6 crew lost, including the master. Mine laid by UC.32 (Herbert Breyer). Wreck remains dispersed by explosives in 1921 (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Baron Garioch, 1,831/1895, S W Furness, West Hartlepool. Torpedo missed. Sunk 28 October 1917 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW England

DUNDEE (1), 2,278/1906, Canada Steamship Lines, Montreal, Canada-reg, armed, sailing London for Swansea in ballast. Torpedoed by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner), sank 10 miles N by W of St Ives Head, Cornwall (L/te/wi - in 50.22N, 05.36W); one life lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Foyle (2), 4,703/1915, Mercantile SS Co, London, armed. Gun attack 18 miles S of Bishop Rock, Scillies, saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds (H/L/ms)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

Miniota, 4,928/1914, London & Northern SS Co (Pyman Bros), London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 31 August 1917 (H/ms)
 


 

FEBRUARY 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in February: 105 merchant ships totalling 313,486grt - 7 of 28,679grt to surface ships, 86 of 256,394grt to submarines, 12 of 28,413grt to mines, plus 30 fishing vessels totalling 3,478grt - 28 of 3,152grt to submarines, 2 of 326grt to mines (H)

U-boat Warfare - the first British and Scandinavian ships started to be escorted across the northern North Sea, but a full convoy system was not instituted for some months.


Thursday, 1 February 1917

U-boat Warfare - German Navy began "unrestricted" submarine warfare to defeat Britain even at the risk of bringing the United States into the war

English Channel

Wellholme, auxiliary-engined sailing ketch, c89/1916, sailing Poole for Caen with pig iron. Gun attack by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz) about 35 miles NNW of Ouistreham, Normandy, damaged, rescued. Taken up as Q-ship 9/17, lost 30/1/18 (H/L/qs/un)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Three vessels sunk by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) off Trevose Head, Cornwall:

ESSONITE, 589/1904, William Robertson, Glasgow-reg, sailing Caernarvon for Rochester with stone. Torpedoed, sank 3 miles NNW of (te - 50.35N, 05.04W; wi - in 50.38.45N, 05.04W); 10 crew lost (H/L/te/wi)
 
INVERLYON, sailing smack, 59/1903, Lowestoft-reg LT687 (qs - 93grt, in service as Q-ship 8-9/15, 1-3pdr), fishing. (qs - 30th) - Captured, sunk by gunfire 15 miles N by W of (wi - by bombs, in 50.47N, 05.05W) (H/L/qs/wi)
   
ADA, ketch-rigged sailing smack, 24/1904, T W Chapman, Ramsgate-reg, fishing. Captured, sunk by bombs 40 miles NNW of (H/L/bm)

   

Friday, 2 February 1917
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

ISLE OF ARRAN, full-rigged steel ship, 1,918/1892, ‘Isle of Aran’ Ship Co, Glasgow-reg (un – R Thomas & Co), 24 crew, Mr T Thomas, sailing Buenos Aires for Havre with 3,030t maize, proceeding at 4kts from Queenstown for Spit Head, Portsmouth. Captured by UC.46 (Friedrich Moecke), sunk by bombs 100 miles S of Old Head of Kinsale, Co Cork (L - in 50.15N, 07.05W; wi - in 50N, 08W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Malta (3), 2,236grt, armed. Gun attack, escaped (ms – believed 2289/1890, C Furness, West Hartlepool) (H/ms)

   

Saturday, 3 February 1917

U-boat Warfare - US broke off diplomatic relations with Germany

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two vessels (and an Admiralty collier) attacked by U.45 (Erich Sittenfeld):

BELFORD (2), full-rigged steel ship, 1,905/1894, Ruthin Castle Ship, Glasgow-reg, sailing San Francisco for Queenstown with barley. Captured, sunk by bombs, 110 miles W of Fastnet (L - in 50.34N, 12.16W) (H/L/Lr/un)

Saturnia, 8,611/1910, Saturnia SS Co (Donaldson Bros) Glasgow, armed. Torpedo and gun attack (un – sunk in 50.58N, 12.42W; but ms – broken up 1929), torpedo missed, saved by own gunfire (H/ms/un)
__________

HOLLINSIDE, 2,862/1905, Charlton SS, armed, Sunderland for Marseilles with coal. Torpedoed by U.43 (Wilhelm Jürst), sank 115 miles WSW of Fastnet; one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   
PORT ADELAIDE, 8,181/1911, Commonwealth & Dominion Line, armed, London for Sydney. Torpedoed by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach), sank 180 miles SW of Fastnet (L/te - in 48.49N, 11.40W); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
Mediterranean

Tiverton, 3,825/1906. Ilderton SS Co (Steel, Young), London, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   


Sunday, 4 February 1917

Atlantic off S Ireland

GHAZEE, 5,084/1904, Moguel SS, Rochester-reg, 1-13pdr, 63 crew, Mr D Cave, Cardiff for Port Sudan with coal. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), hit abaft engine room at 1730, sank 2 miles SSW of Galley Head (te/wi - in 51.30N, 08.55W) (H/L/te/un/wi)   

Atlantic off SW Ireland
   
TURINO, 4,241/1914, Gulf Line Ltd, armed, sailing Norfolk (Va) for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.43 (Hellmuth Jürst), sank 174 miles W of Fastnet (L/te - in 50.25N, 13.50W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te)

British steamship (and an Admiralty chartered red-ensign oiler) torpedoed by U.54 (Volkhaard von Bothmer) off Fastnet:

FLORIDIAN, 4,777/1913, Leyland Line, sailing Halifax (NS) for Cherbourg with general cargo. Captured and sunk 200 miles W by N of (L - 170 miles SW of; te - in 50.25N, 15.00W); 5 lives lost, master, chief engineer, W/T operator taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
__________
   
Tresillian, 3,585/1899, Tresillian SS Co (Hain), St Ives, armed. Torpedo/gun attack, torpedo missed, saved by own defensive gunfire. Sold to Japan, sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

DAUNTLESS, 2,157/1897, Earl of Chester SS Co, Newcastle-reg, armed, Tyne for Bayonne with coal. Captured by UB.39 (Heinrich Küstner), sunk by bombs 10 miles from La Coubre Point, mouth of River Gironde; 15 lives lost (H/L/te)   
   


Monday, 5 February 1917

North Sea

PRIMROSE (2), trawler, 136/1891, Dundee Fishing, Dundee-reg, Skipper G Norrie, Dundee for fishing. Mined, laid by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow), sank 17 miles SSW of Tod Head, near Stonehaven (wi - in 56.38N, 02.23W); 9 lives lost, including Skipper (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
RESOLUTE, trawler, 125/1891, G F Sleight, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured by UB.22 (Bernhard Putzier), sunk by gunfire 64 miles E by S of St Abb's Head, SE Scotland (L - in 55.56N, 00.15W) (H/L/Lr/gy/un)

HURSTWOOD, 1,229/1906, Cory Colliers, London-reg, 15 crew, Mr A Carlson, London for Newcastle in ballast. Torpedoed by UB.34 (Theodor Schultz) from 150yd, sank 6 miles NE of Whitby, Yorkshire (te - in 54.35N, 00.35W; wi - in 54.34.23N, 00.28.36W); 4 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

EMERALD, sailing smack, 57grt, fishing. Captured by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sunk by gunfire 32 miles NE 1/2 E of Lowestoft, Suffolk (L/wi - 3 miles NNE of Smith’s Knoll Spar Buoy, in 52.46N, 02.21E) (H/L/un/wi)

English Channel

Argyllshire, passenger & cargo ship, 12,097 (ms – 10,329)/1911, Scottish Shire Line (Turnbull, Martin), Glasgow, armed, sailing London for Barry, possibly for orders. Torpedoed by UC.46 (Friedrich Moecke) 3 miles SW of Start Point LH (L - 2 1/2 m SW of), damaged, put into Plymouth (H/L/ms/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two steamships torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster):

WARLEY PICKERING, 4,196/1912, Constantine & Pickering SS, Middlesbrough-reg, 1-12pdr, 34 crew, Mr W Boag, Sagunto for Middlesbrough with iron ore. Torpedoed at 1100, sank 46 miles W by N of Fastnet (L - 51.16N, 10.48W; W/te - in 51.18N, 10.45W) (H/L/te/un/wi)   

LUX, bulk petroleum tanker, 2,621/1893, Lane & Macandrew, sailed New York 20 January for Calais with oil, went missing, posted by Lloyds 25/4/17 “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by submarine”. (H - listed at end of January) - Confirmed as torpedoed by U.60 on 5th; 29 lives lost including master (H/L/Mn/ge/te/un)
__________

Two, possibly three vessels attacked by U.54 (Volkhard von Bothmer):

AZUL, 3,074/1898, Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, London-reg, sailing Buenos Aires for Cherbourg with wheat. Torpedoed by U.54, sank 180 miles W 1/2 N of Fastnet (L/te - in about 50.30N, 14.15W; wi - in 50.30N, 14.25W); 11 lives lost, 12 survivors met up with survivors of SV Eudora sunk some days later on the 14th, both groups picked up by patrol boat and landed at Queenstown (H/L/te/wi)

Ainsdale (1), 3-mast steel ship, 1,825grt, sailing Buenos Aires for Queenstown with maize, near dawn in heavy weather. Attacked and badly damaged in attack by U.54 (L - in 50N, 13.50W), crew abandoned ship, left in apparently sinking condition but stayed afloat, six days later the derelict was sighted by tramp steamer Basuto which attempted to take her in tow - an impossible task in the heavy seas. Basuto's chief officer and eight men boarded, kept her afloat and worked towards port for the next 11 days, met a Royal Navy patrol boat which called for a tug, fresh gales delayed her arrival for another day and Ainsdale continued to drift. Finally on the 24th, towed into Aultbea, Loch Ewe; Ainsdale's crew were picked up the day of the attack by a passing ship and taken into port. Note: the attack off SW Ireland on 5th and her eventual arrival in W Scotland on the 24th suggests she drifted for much of the time, Ainsdale was converted to an engine aft steamer (H/L/www)
   
Ambassador, 2,578/1897, Hall Bros SS Co, Newcastle, sailing Rosario for Cork with maize. U-boat gun attack (L - in 50.26N, 11.40W), rescued, damaged according to Lloyds. Sold to Germany, sunk in WW2 (H/L/ms)
__________

WARTENFELS, 4,511/1903, The Admiralty, London, armed, sailing Barry for Alexandria with government stores. Torpedoed by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach), sank 120 miles SW of Fastnet (te - in 50.10N, 11.59W); 2 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Two steamships attacked by U-boat(s) with gunfire:

Kaffir Prince, 2,228/1891, J Knott, Newcastle, armed. Saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Manchester Hero, 5,738/1916, Manchester Liners, Manchester. Rescued. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)



Tuesday, 6 February

North Sea

Three fishing vessels on fishing grounds sunk by UB.22 (Bernhard Putzier):

ROMEO, trawler, 114/1892, G F Sleight, Grimsby-reg. Captured, scuttled 70 miles E of Berwick, Northumberland (H/L/Lr/gy/un)

RUPERT, trawler, 114/1892, G F Sleight, Grimsby-reg GY463, hired 11/14 by Admiralty, returned to fishing 6/15, Skipper T Ives. Sunk by bombs 42 miles ENE of Tynemouth (wi - in 55.18N, 00.15W) (H/L/Lr/D/gy/un/wi)
       
ADELAIDE (1), fishing vessel, 133/1894, W Robbens & Sons, Lowestoft-reg, Skipper W Corrick. Sunk by bombs, 30 miles ENE of Tynemouth (wi - in 55.01N, 00.31W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

VESTRA, collier, 1,021/1897, J T Salvesen, Grangemouth-reg, armed, Mr G Ross, Tyne for Rouen with coal. (te/un - 5th) - Torpedoed by UB.35 (Rudolf Gebeschus), sank 5 miles NE of Hartlepool, Co Durham (te - in 54.46N, 01.07W; wi - in 54.45.30N, 01.04.15W); 2 crew lost (H/L/ms/te/un/wi)

English Channel

Mona’s Queen, 1,559/1885. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
 
Atlantic off S Ireland

British steamship (and an Admiralty collier) attacked by U.85 (Willy Petz):

Explorer, 7,608 (ms – 7,769)/1910, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for Calcutta, laden. (L - 5th) - Torpedoed 7 miles E 1/2 S of Fastnet, damaged, put back to Queenstown on 7th (H/L/ms/un)

Atlantic off SW England

SAXON BRITON, 1,337/1883, Kerse SS Co, Grangemouth-reg, armed, sailing Portishead for Calais with petrol. Torpedoed by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner), sank 3 miles NNE of Gurnards Head, near St Ives (wi - in 50.13.18N, 05.34.57W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

CROWN POINT, 5,218/1900, Norfolk & North American SS Co, armed, sailing London for Philadelphia with chalk and general cargo. Torpedoed by U.83 (Bruno Hoppe), sank 55 miles W of Scillies (te - in 50.06N, 07.46W); 7 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off NW Spain

ROSSI, sailing vessel. Sunk by unidentified U-boat off Cape Finisterre (un only)
Mediterranean

Dorothy, 3,806/1903, J Ness, Sunderland. Torpedo missed. Sunk 24 February 1917 (H/ms)
   
South Atlantic

Tyndareus, 11,000 (ms – 11,347)/1916, Ocean SS Co (Alfred Holt), Liverpool, sailing Liverpool/Table Bay for Yokohama with general cargo. Mined, laid by raider Wolf 10 miles off Cape Agulhas, South Africa, towed in to Simonstown (H/L/Mn/ms)



Wednesday, 7 February 1917

North Sea

Two vessels captured by UB.22 (Bernard Putzier):

SHAKESPEARE, trawler, 210/1908, Hellyers Steam Fishing, Hull-reg H994, Skipper J Kingdon, sailed Hull for fishing & return. Sunk by scuttling charges in Firth of Forth, in 56.08N, 02.30W (un – 9 lives lost) (L/hw/un/wi)

BOYNE CASTLE, 245/1909, Banffshire SS Co, Banff-reg, 7 crew, Mr A Porter, MacDuff for Sunderland in ballast. Sunk by gunfire 12 miles N by E of St Abb's Head, N of Eyemouth (L - 12 miles NE of; wi - in 56.07N, 02.09W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
___________

Two steamships torpedoed by UB.34 (Theodor Schultz) off Whitby, Yorkshire:

CORSICAN PRINCE, 2,776/1900, Prince Line, Newcastle-reg, 30 crew, Mr J Gray, Dundee for Dunkirk with timber/wood and one passenger. Sank 3 miles E of (te - in 54.30, 00.31W; wi - 54.28.28N, 00.28.31W); one life lost (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)

SAINT NINIAN, 3,026/1894, Saint Ninian SS Co, Glasgow-reg, 1-12pdr, 27 crew, Mr J Muckart, Port Kelah for Middlesbrough with iron pyrites, carrying pilot. Stopped and sent boat to pick up survivors from Corsican Prince, torpedoed at close range at 1015, caused “huge explosion between the engine room & No.3 hold”, sank within five minutes, 3 miles E of Whitby (L/wi -  1/2 m inside No.9 Buoy, in 54.29.12N, 00.28.20W); 15 lives lost including master and pilot, survivors rescued clinging to keel of an upturned lifeboat (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un/wi)
__________

Etal Manor, 1,875/1916, John Fenwick & Son, Newcastle. Torpedo missed. Admiralty collier when sunk 19 September 1917 (H/ms)

Atlantic W of Ireland

Two vessels attacked by U.54 (Volkhard von Bothmer):

SAXONIAN, tanker, 4,855/1914, Petroleum SS Co, sailing Port Arthur for Dartmouth with paraffin oil. Captured, sunk by gunfire 270 miles W by N of Fastnet (L - about 320 miles SW of Fastnet; te - in 50.26N, 16.26W); one life lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

Wallace, 3,930/1905, Taylor & Sanderson SS Co, Sunderland, sailing New York for Havre with general cargo. Damaged by gunfire (L - in 50.30N, 15.05W), rescued by British warship before sunk; one life lost, chief officer taken prisoner (H/L/ms/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland
   
Two steamships torpedoed by U.85 (Willy Petz) off Fastnet:

VEDAMORE, 6,330/1896, Johnston Line Ltd, Liverpool-reg, 1-13pdr, 57 crew, Mr W Henry, Baltimore for Liverpool with general cargo and 3 passengers. Torpedoed at 0600, went down in 6min, 20 miles W of (te/wi - in 51.17N, 10.03W); 23 crew killed by explosion or drowned (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)   

CALIFORNIA (1), passenger ship, 8,669/1907, Anchor Line, Glasgow-reg, 1-4.7in, 171 crew, Mr J Coverley, New York for Glasgow with 34 passengers and general cargo. Torpedoed aft and sank rapidly 38 miles W by S of Fastnet (L/te/wd/wi - in 51.10N, 09.24W); 30 crew, 13 passengers lost - some by the torpedo explosion, others when a lifeboat capsized during the hasty evacuation, master went down with the ship but was saved (H/L/Mn/te/wd/un/wi)
__________
   
GRAVINA, 1,242/1886, MacAndrews & Co, armed, sailing Seville for London with fruit. Torpedoed by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach), sank 85 miles W of Fastnet (te - in 51.03N, 11.30W); 7 lives lost, master and 14 crew taken prisoner (H/L/dk/te/un)
Atlantic off S Ireland

Cranley, 4,644/1903, Century Shipping Co (Harris & Dixon), London, armed. Chased, escaped (H/ms)
       
Atlantic West of France

YOLA, 3,504/1898, Elder Line/Elder Dempster Shipping, Liverpool, sailed 26 January from New York for London with wheat. Originally posted as missing, sunk by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) west of Ushant in 49.34N, 7.12W; all 33 crew lost (ms/un only)



Thursday, 8 February 1917

UC.39 sunk by destroyer Thrasher in North Sea off Flamborough Head; UC.46 sunk by destroyer Liberty in Straits of Dover (see below)

North Sea

Two vessels attacked by UC.39 (Otto Ehrentraut):

HANNA LARSEN, 1,311/1903, The Admiralty, London, sailing London for Tyne in ballast. Captured and sunk by bombs 20 miles E 1/2 N of Spurn Head, Humber (te - in 53.42N, 00.39E); one life lost (te - also master and 1 officer taken prisoner) (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   
Hornsey, collier, 1,803/1898, W Cory & Son, London. Gun attack, rescued when destroyer Thrasher came up and sank UC.39 (H/ms/ub)

English Channel
     
Peregrine, passenger ship, 1,681grt, General Steam Navigation Co, London. Gun attack, escaped (ms – either 1,660/1891, broken up 1922 or 1,664/1892, wrecked 29 December 1917) (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England
   
MARY ANN (2), sailing smack, 17grt, fishing. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by bombs 18 miles NNE of St Ives Head, Cornwall (wi - in 50.50N, 04.57W) (H/L/un/wi)

GEISHA, fishing vessel. Sunk by unidentified U-boat off Cornish coast (un only)
   
Hotham Newton, tanker, 2,648 (ms – 2,661)/1893, J M Lennard & Sona, Middlebrough. Gun attack at entrance to English Channel, rescued (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

MANTOLA, passenger ship, 8,253/1916, British India Steam Navigation Co, London-reg, armed, Mr D Chivas, London for Calcutta with passengers, general cargo. Torpedoed port side and soon sinking by the head, U.81 (Raimund Weisbach) surfaced for final gun attack but prevented by arrival of sloop HMS Laburnum which took Mantola in tow, rope parted in rough seas, went down 143 miles WSW of Fastnet (L/wd - 49.55N, 12.25W; te - in 49.50N, 12.20W); 7 seaman drowned when a boat capsized during launching, survivors picked up by Laburnam, landed at Bantry (H/L/te/un/wd)

Mediterranean

Jumna, 4,152/1902, Mercantile SS Co, London, armed. Chased and escaped. Scuttled 1 March 1917 in Indian Ocean (H/ms)

       

Friday, 9 February 1917

North Sea

Two trawlers captured by UB.22 (Bernhard Putzier) and sunk by bombs:

DUKE OF YORK, trawler, 150/1893, T Whitehead, Stornoway-reg, Skipper R Mennie, Stornaway for fishing. Sunk 34 miles E by S of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (wi - in 57.07N, 01.05W), no lives lost (H/L/Lr/wi)

BENBOW, trawler, 172/1899, W Grant & H C Baker, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Sunk 25 miles E by S of Bell Rock, off Firth of Tay (L - 25-27 miles E by S) (H/L/Lr/gy)   



Saturday, 10 February 1917

North Sea

Two trawlers fishing, captured and sunk by UB.22 (Bernhard Putzier):

ATHENIAN, 171/1903, Onward Steam Fishing, Grimsby-reg. Scuttled 105 miles E by S 1/2 S of Aberdeen (H/L/Lr/gy/un)
   
IRELAND, 152/1897, Hull Steam Fishing & Ice, Hull-reg H351. Sunk by gunfire 105 miles ESE of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (L - 57.01N, 01.10E) (H/L/Lr/hw/un)
__________
   
OSTRICH, 148/1889, H L Taylor, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured by U.45 (Erich Sittenfeld), sunk by gunfire 135 miles NE of Longstone, Farne Is (H/L/Lr/un)
   
San Fraterno, tanker, 9,587/1913, Eagle Oil Transport Co, London, armed, sailing Port Arthur for Firth of Forth with oil. Mined, laid by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow) near Inchkeith rock in Firth of Forth, damaged, beached and refloated (H/L/ms/ms/un)

English Channel

BEECHTREE, 1,277/1912, Tree SS Co, Cardiff-reg, Mr J Naylor, Swansea for Rouen with coal. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank 11 miles SE of Start Point, Devon (te - in 50.08N, 03.23W; wi - in 50.05.30N, 03.26.21W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
St George's Channel

SALLAGH, steamship, 325/1916, Howden Brothers, sailing Lydney for Larne with coal. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by bombs off Bardsey Is, off W Caernarvonshire (wi - in 53.28N, 05W); one crew killed (H/L/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW England

JAPANESE PRINCE, 4,876/1911, Prince Line Ltd (Furness, Withy & Co) (ms - J L Knott), Newcastle, London-reg, 75 crew, Newport News for Southampton with government stores, general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.47 (Paul Hundius), hit starboard side just abaft engine-room at 0020, sank in 18min, 24 miles SW of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/ms/te/un/wi - in 49.36N, 06.46W); crew picked up by RN warship, landed at Plymouth (H/L/ms/te/un/wi)
   


Sunday, 11 February 1917

North Sea

Two vessels attacked by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow):

NORWOOD, passenger ship, 798/1895, Aberdeen, Newcastle & Hull Steam, sailed Middlesbrough on 8th for Aberdeen with general cargo, last seen north of Aberdeen on 11th, went missing, posted by Lloyds 4/4/17, “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by mine”. Confirmed as torpedoed and sunk by UC.29; 18 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Roanoke (1), 3,755 (ms – 3,705)/1907, Chesapeake & Ohio SS Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Dundee for Newport with general cargo. Torpedoed and damaged 4 miles SE of Girdle Ness, towed in to Dundee on 15th; one life lost. Sunk 12 August 1917 (H/L/ms/un)
__________

ASHWOLD, trawler, 129/1894, Grimsby-reg, Northwold Steam Fishing, fishing. Captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), sunk by gunfire 130 miles NE by N of Shields, River Tyne; skipper taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/gy/un

English Channel

Two vessels attacked by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen):

Woodfield (2), steamship, 4,300/1917, Woodfield SS Co (Woods, Tylor & Brown), London, armed, sailing North Shields for Newport in ballast. Torpedoed and damaged 6 miles SSE of Beachy Head (L - 3 miles from Royal Sovereign LV), beached 1 mile E of Newhaven Pier, refloated (H/L/ms/un)

ADA (1), brigantine, 186/1872, G B Joiner, Faversham-reg, Mr G E Joiner, London for Landerneau with manure. Captured and sunk by gunfire 8 miles S of Anvil Point, S of Poole (wi - in 50.27.10N, 01.55.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Victorious (2), sailing smack, 39grt, fishing. Around 11th - Damaged in submarine attack, abandoned and towed into port (L/bm)
   
St George's Channel

Three steamships captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) and sunk by bombs:

LYCIA, 2,715/1896, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool-reg, old light calibre Russian field gun on poop, Genoa/Bougie for Swansea/Liverpool with general cargo. Sunk 20 miles NE by N of South Bishop LH, W of St David's (L - 20 miles N 34 E of; te/wi - in 52.12N 05.27W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
VOLTAIRE (2), 409/1890, Volana Shipping, Liverpool-reg, Mr W Elton, sailing Llanelly for Liverpool with general cargo. Sunk 25 miles NE by N of South Bishop (L - 24 miles NE by N of Bishops & Clerks; wi - in 25 miles NE by N of The Bishop & Clerks, in 52.12N, 05.05W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

OLIVIA, 242/1883, Bain, Sons & Co, Penzance-reg, Mr W Martin, sailing Garston for Portreath with coal. Sunk 21 miles SW 1/2 S of Bardsey Is, off Caernarvonshire (wi - in 53.27.30N, 05.07W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

NETHERLEE, 4,227/1907, Netherton Shipping, Philadelphia for Dunkirk with general cargo. (L/te/un - 10th) - Torpedoed by U.81 (Raimun Weisbach), sank 92 miles W 1/2 S of Fastnet (te - in 50.44N, 11.45W; L - 100 miles S74ºW true of); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Cyclops, passenger & cargo ship, 9,033 (ms – 8,998)/1906, Ocean SS Co (Alfred Holt), Liverpool, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England

Ariadne Christine, cargo steamship, 3,550/1910, Ariadne SS Co (Sechairi), London, armed. Gun attack off Scillies, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

Portuguese Prince, 4,981/1912, Prince Line (Knott), Newcastle. Gun attack, escaped (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Geddington Court, 3,989/1912, Court Line (Haldenstein), London, armed. Two torpedoes missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
           


Monday, 12 February 1917

North Sea

DALE, trawler, 198/1900, "D" Line Steam Fishing, Grimsby-reg GY1133, hired 12/14 as auxiliary patrol vessel, returned to fishing 6/15, Skipper J Wood, fishing. (L/wi - 13th) – Captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), sunk by bombs 42 miles S by E 1/2 E of North Ronaldshay, Orkneys (wi - in 59N, 01.15W); skipper taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/D/gy/un/wi)

English Channel

British passenger ship (and an Admiralty collier) sunk by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen):

AFRIC, 11,999/1899, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co, Liverpool-reg, armed, 167 crew, Mr V Hickson, Liverpool for Devonport/Sydney with general cargo. Torpedoed, sank 12 miles SSW of Eddystone LH, off Plymouth (te - in 50.00N, 04.25W; wi - in 49.59N, 04.18W); 5 lives lost (wd/wi - 22 crew died - five killed by torpedo explosion, 17 drowned during the sinking, 145 survivors including the captain) (H/L/te/un/wd/wi)

St George's Channel

Pinna, tanker, 6,288/1901, Petroleum SS Co (Lane & MacAndrew) (ms – Shell Transportation & Trading Co (Samuel), London), sailing Port Arthur for unknown destination with oil. Torpedoed and damaged by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), 7 1/2 m SSE of South Bishops, beached at Milford Haven, refloated (H/L/ms/un)
       
Gleneden, 4,735/1909, Gleneden SS Co (J Napier), Glasgow, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Wrecked in WW2 (H/ms)   

Atlantic off SW England

BRISSONS, sailing smack, 60grt, fishing. Captured by UC.47 (Paul Hundius), sunk by bomb 9 miles W of Trevose Head, Cornwall (un – W of Tintagel Head in 50.31N, 05.15W; wi - in 50.31.30N, 05.16W) (H/L/un/wi)
Atlantic off SW Ireland
   
Kamouraska, 4,903/1911, Sydney, Cape Breton & Montreal SS Co (E F & W Roberts), Liverpool. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Chenab, passenger & cargo ship, 3,549/1911, James Nourse Ltd, London, armed. Gun attack, escaped (H/ms)
   


Tuesday, 13 February 1917

North Sea

KING ALFRED, trawler, 159/1899, Consolidated Steam Fishing & Ice, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), sunk by bomb 75 miles S of Fair Isle, between Orkneys and Shetlands; skipper taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/gy/un)

English Channel

Two vessels accounted for by UC.47 (Paul Hundius):

F. D. LAMBERT, 2,195/1892, Westoll Line, Sunderland-reg, 1-13pdr, Mr W Lamb, Newcastle for Savona with gas-making coal. Originally listed as torpedoed, now confirmed mined, laid by UC.47 (Paul Hundius), but date not known, sank about 1 mile E of Royal Sovereign LV, off Eastbourne (wi - in 50.42.42N, 00.27.40E) (H/L/te/un/wi)

FLEURETTE, fishing vessel, smack, 60/1909, R Linder, Lowestoft-registered LT.312, rough weather. Crew forced to abandon ship, but UC.47 unable to sink her by gun or scuttling charge. Vessel drove ashore 1 mile NE of Godlevy Lighthouse (Note: presumably Godrevy, Cornwall), total loss; all 5 crew lost (un only)
   
St George's Channel

Two sailing smacks on fishing grounds captured and sunk by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) off The Smalls, off Pembrokeshire:

FRIENDSHIP, ketch-rigged, c37/1905, T Jenkerson, Brixham-reg BM244. Not known how sunk; 4 lives lost, including Skipper (H/L/bm/un)
   
ZIRCON, 48grt. Sunk by bombs 26 miles SW of (wi - in 51.25N, 06.15W) (H/L/un/wi)

Bristol Channel

Sequoya, tanker, 5,263/1908, Standard Transportation Co (ms – Anglo-American Oil Co, Glasgow), armed, sailing Singapore for Portishead. Gun attack by unidentified U-boat, damaged, saved by own gunfire; one life lost (H/L/ms/un)
   
Atlantic off N Ireland

BARNSLEY, trawler, 144/1896, Consolidated Steam Fishing & Ice, Grimsby-reg GY125, hired 10/14 as minesweeper, returned to fishing 5/15, fishing. Captured by U.78 (Otto Dröscher), sunk by bombs 13 miles N of Inishtrahull Rock, off Co Donegal (wi - in 55.37N, 07.20W), skipper and chief engineer taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/D/gy/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland
   
Anteros, 4,241/1917, Egypt & Levant SS Co (Bowen Rees), London, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 24 March 1918 (H/ms)
   
Western Mediterranean

PERCY ROY, sailing vessel, 110grt, sailing Naples for Santa Pola in ballast. Captured by U.35 (Lother von Arnauld de la Perière), sunk by bombs at 1630, 30 miles SE of Cabrera Is, off S Majorca island (L - 30 miles SW of) (H/L/un)



Wednesday, 14 February 1917

North Sea

Two trawlers on fishing grounds captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns) and sunk by bombs:

MARY BELL, 144/1898, W Brown, Granton-reg, Skipper T Seaton. Sunk 50 miles E by N of Aberdeen (wi - in 57.20N, 00.30W); skipper taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/un/wi)

BELVOIR CASTLE, 221/1899, W W Crampin, Grimsby-reg, Skipper C Bull. Sunk 15 miles SE 1/2 E of Buchan Ness, near Peterhead (L/wi - 25 miles SE from, in 57.09N, 01.16W); skipper taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/gy/un/wi)
__________
   
MARIE LEONHARDT, 1,466/1902, The Admiralty, London, sailing Hartlepool for London with coal. Mined, laid by UC.11 (Benno von Ditfurth), sank 2 1/2 m E 1/2 N of Sunk LV, off Harwich (L/te - in 51.53N, 01.40E); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
Dover Straits

Millicent Knight, 3,563/1900, Millicent Knight SS Co (W & C T Jones), Cardiff. Aircraft attack in The Downs, bombs missed. Admiralty collier when sunk 18 May 1917 (H/ms)
   
St George's Channel

Four steamships sunk by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck):

GREENLAND, 1,763/1908, Liverpool & Hamburg SS, sailing Fleetwood for Cherbourg with government stores. Captured and sunk by bombs 20 miles SW of Bardsey Is, off Caernarvonshire (te - in 52.30N, 05.05W; L - 22 miles SW of) (H/L/te/un)   

FERGA, 791/1916, M Murphy, Cardiff-reg, sailing Swansea for Liverpool with general cargo. Captured and sunk by gunfire 15 miles S of Bardsey Is (te/wi - in 52.02N, 05.04W; L - 20 miles SW by W of) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
INISHOWEN HEAD, 3,050/1886, Head Line, armed, sailing Port Talbot (L - Dublin) for St John (NB) in ballast. Torpedoed and sunk 1 1/2 m S of Skokham Island, off Milford Haven (te - in 51.40N, 05.15W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

MARGARITA (1), coaster, 375/1902, Zillah Shipping & Carrying Co, Liverpool-reg, sailing Liverpool for Swansea with wheat. Captured and sunk by bombs 20 miles SW by S of Bardsey Is (wi - in 52.29N, 05.08W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

EUDORA, 4-mast steel barque, 1,991/1888, Ship Eudora Co, Liverpool-reg, 25 crew, Mr Thomas Shute, River Plate/Buenos Aires for Queenstown with maize. Captured by UC.33 (Martin Schelle), sunk by gunfire 30 miles SSW of Fastnet (wi - in 50.54N, 09.40W); crew later met up with survivors of SS Azul sunk on the 5th, all picked up by patrol boat, landed at Queenstown (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
HOPEMOOR, 3,740/1911, Moor Line Ltd, London-reg, 28 crew, Mr J Rodgers, Baltimore for Hull with 5,600t wheat. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster) at 1140, sank 20 miles NW of The Skelligs, off Co Kerry (L/te/wi - in 51.53N, 11W; wi - also 22 miles W by N of Valencia Is) (H/L/te/un/wi)
Bay of Biscay

Two steamships captured by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel) and sunk by bombs:

MARION DAWSON, 2,300/1894, Dawson SS, armed, Huelva for La Pallice with pyrites/iron ore. (te/un - 15th) - Sunk 8 miles SSW of Ile d'Oleron, near La Rochelle (L - about 8 miles SSW of Chassiron Light; te - in 46.03N, 01.33W) (H/L/te/un)

LONGSCAR, 2,777/1903, Thomas W Willis, armed, sailing Nantes for Bilbao in ballast. Sunk 15 miles SW of River Gironde (L - 20 miles SW of; te - in 45.25N, 01.55W); 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
 
Mediterranean

Trowbridge, turret hull steamship, 3,712/1904, Temperley SS Co, London, armed, sailing Barry for Alexandria with coal. Torpedoed and damaged by U.38 (Max Valentiner), in 36.41N, 12.54E, towed in to Malta; one life lost. On Admiralty service when sunk 14 November 1917 (H/L/ms/un)
   


Thursday, 15 February 1917
   
North Sea

Harrow, 1,777/1900, W Cory & Sons, London. Torpedo missed. Sunk 8 September 1917 (H/ms)

English Channel

LEVEN, dredger, 775/1885, London, Brighton & South Coast Railway Co, Newhaven-reg. Mined, laid by unidentified U-boat, foundered about  1/2 m S by E 1/2 E of Newhaven Breakwater, Sussex (wi - in 50.46.03N, 00.04.08E) (H/L/un/wi)
Irish Sea

Celtic, passenger & cargo ship, 20,904/1901, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co (Ismay, Imrie), Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for New York. Mined, laid by U.80 (Alfred von Glasenapp) S of the Isle of Man (L - in 53.57N, 04.40W), damaged, towed into Liverpool (H/L/ge/ms/ms/un)

St George's Channel

Two steamships captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) and sunk by bombs:   

AFTON, 1,156/1911, William Sloan, Glasgow-reg, sailing Bristol for Belfast/Glasgow with general cargo. Sunk 23 miles N by E of Strumble Head, near Fishguard (te/wi - in 52.24N, 05.09W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
KYANITE, 564/1904, William Robertson, Glasgow-reg, Mr A Johnstone, Fleetwood for Bristol with alkali. Sunk 27 miles SSW of Bardsey Is (L/wi - 28 miles SSW of; te/wi - in 52.18N, 04.55W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
__________
           
Kittiwake, 1,866/1906, Cork SS Co, Cork. Torpedo missed. Sunk 9 April 1917 (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Buranda, steamship, 3,651/1912, Buranda SS Co (Burdick & Cook), London, armed, sailing Marseilles for Cuba in ballast. Gun attack by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière) 2 1/2  miles E 1/2 N of Tabarca Island, damaged, put into Alicante. Sunk in WW2 (ms/un only)

South Atlantic

Two steamships captured by raider Möwe and sunk off Cape Frio, near Rio de Janeiro

FRENCH PRINCE, 4,766/1900, Prince Line Ltd, Newcastle-reg, sailing Bahia Blanca/La Plata for Cherbourg/Havre with general cargo including corned beef, provisions and wheat. (L/kp - 16th) - Scuttled with opened sea-cocks & explosive scuttling charges, 490 miles ENE true of (H/L/Mn/kp)

BRECKNOCKSHIRE, 8,423/1917, Royal Mail Steam Packet, Belfast-reg, armed, Liverpool for Rio Janeiro with 7,000t coal, on maiden voyage. Sunk 490 miles E by N true of, not known how (H/L/Mn/kp)

  

Friday, 16 February 1917

North Sea
   
LADY ANN, 1,016/1882, Lambton & Hetton Collieries, Sunderland-reg, 16 crew, Mr R Blakeburn, Sunderland for Rochester with coal. Torpedoed by UB.21 (Franz Walther), sank 3 miles E by S of Scarborough, Yorkshire (L - inside Channel Buoy about 5 miles from Scarborough Castle; wi - in 54.16.56N, 00.18.43W); 11 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)
Bristol Channel

Two armed steamers shelled by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:

Sheerness, passenger & cargo ship, 1,274/1903, Clyde Shipping Co, Glasgow (H/ms)

The Princess, 623/1902, J Hay, Glasgow. Destroyed in WW2 (H/ms)
           
Atlantic off SW England

QUEENSWOOD, 2,701/1897, Joseph Constantine, Middlesbrough-reg, 24 crew, Mr A Peacock, Rouen for Port Talbot in ballast. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by gunfire 6 miles SW of Hartland Point, Devon (te/wi - in 50.56N 04.38W); 3 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Delphic, passenger & cargo ship, 8,273/1897, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co (Ismay, Imrie), Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 16 August 1917 (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

Two steamers shelled by U-boat(s):

Pollcrea, 1,209/1899, Farrar, Groves & Co (ms – British Government), sailing Cardiff for Bayonne with coal. (L - 17th) - Attacked by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel) 3 miles S of Ile de Yeu LH, near St Nazaire, went ashore at nearby St Gillies Sur Vie, refloated, reached Bayonne (H/L/ms/un)

Grelford, 2,823/1898, J C Gould & Co, armed. Saved by own gunfire. Later sold to USSR, sunk 1941 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW Portugal

Two schooners sailing St Johns (NF) for Oporto with codfish captured by U.21 (Otto Hersing) and sunk by bombs off Cape St Vincent (L/un - in 36.50N, 08.25W):

ROSE DOROTHEA, 147/1905. Sunk 30 miles SE by E of (un – 15 miles off Cape Santa Maria) (H/L/Lr/un)   
       
MAYOLA, 146/1910, E C Weutzel, Lunenburg (NS)-reg. Sunk 50 miles SE by E of (un – off Cape Santa Maria) (H/L/Lr/un)

Western Mediterranean

Burunda, 3,651/1912, Buranda SS Co (Burdick & Cook), London, armed, sailing Marseilles for Cuba in ballast. Gun attack 2 1/2 m E 1/2 N true of Tabarca Is LH, S of Alicante, Spain, damaged according to Lloyds, put into Alicante (H/L)

South Atlantic

EDDIE, 2,652/1895, Thomas Turnbull & Son Shipping Co, Whitby-reg, Mr Robert Bradley, Newport News/St Vincent (CV) for Fray Bentos with coal. Captured by Möwe, sea-cocks opened and scuttling charges laid, sank (kp - apparently on the 17th), 550 miles NE by E 1/2 E true from Cape Frio, Brazil (H/L/Mn/kp)
   


Saturday, 17 February 1917

North Sea

EXCEL, trawler, 157/1895, R W Lewis, Aberdeen-reg, fishing. (un – 18th) – Captured by UB.21 (Franz Walther), sunk by gunfire 53 miles NE of the Tyne (L - 50 miles NE of) (H/L/Lr/un)
   
English Channel

British steamship (and an Admiralty collier) torpedoed by U.84 (Walter Roehr) off Portland Bill/LH, Dorset, possibly one on the 17th and the other on the 18th:

VALDES, 2,233/1914, Avetoro SS Co, Liverpool-reg, Mr L Scott, Manchester for Cherbourg with hay/cattle fodder, flour in bulk. (te/un - 18th) - Sank 7 miles S of (wi - in 50.23.40N, 02.24.22W); 11 crew lost (H/L/te/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Gwent, 5,754/1901, E Thomas, Radcliffe. Chased at entrance to English Channel, escaped. Sunk 20 March 1918 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

IOLO (2), 3,840/1899, Iolo Morganwg SS Co, London-reg, 1-13pdr, 31 crew, Mr W Morgan, Cardiff for Spezia with 6,500t coal. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sank 40 miles S by W of Fastnet (L - 40 miles SW of; te - in 50.43N, 09.30W; wi - in 50.43N, 09.22W); 2 crew lost, master, chief engineer and 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off NW France

Grelford, 2,823/1898, J C Gould & Co, armed. Gun attack off Ushant, saved by own gunfire. Later sold to USSR, sunk 1941 (H/ms)
   
Indian Ocean

WORCESTERSHIRE, passenger ship, 7,175/1904, Bibby SS Co, Liverpool-reg, sailing Rangoon for London/Liverpool with general cargo. Mined, laid by Wolf a matter of days before, sank 10 miles SW of Colombo (L - 12 1/2 m S49º true of Colombo Breakwater); 2 lives lost (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)


   
Sunday, 18 February 1917
       
North Sea

Kovno, passenger & cargo ship, 1,985/1907, Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull, armed. Chased, escaped (H/ms)
   
English Channel

Two vessels torpedoed and damaged by U.84 (Walter Roehr):

Berrima, passenger & cargo ship, 11,137/1913, Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co, Greenock, armed, sailing Fremantle for London with Australian produce. Attacked in 50.22N, 02.44W, towed in to Portland Roads; 4 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)

Hunsworth, cargo ship, 2,991/1911, British Government (John Herron & Co), armed, sailing Clyde for Karachi. Torpedoed 6.5 miles S of Portland Bill, towed into Portland Roads; 2 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)
__________

NETHERTON, brigantine, 199/1872, J W Finch, Teignmouth-reg, Mr W Truscott, sailing Havre for Briton Ferry with steel turnings. Captured by UC.18 (Wilhelm Kiel), sunk by bombs 16 miles S of Anvil Point, Dorset (L/wi - 18 miles S of, in 50.17N 01.55W) (H/L/un/wi)

TRIUMPH, sailing vessel, 46grt, sailing St Brieuc for Plymouth in ballast, possibly wood ketch, 1881, but 99grt. Captured by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sunk by gunfire, 45 miles NNW of Roches Douvres off N Brittany coast (L - 45 miles ESE of Rock of Douvres) (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Cambrian, 5,626/1896, Wilson’s & Furness-Leyland Line, West Hartlepool, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk as Admiralty commissioned escort ship Bostonian 10 October 1917 (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Janeta, 4,271/1906, SS Janeta Co (Maclay & McIntyre), Glasgow, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Central Mediterranean

Asturian, cargo ship, 3,193/1890, Ellerman Lines/The Charente SS Co, Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for Alexandria with general cargo. Gun attack by U.64 (Robert Moraht) in 33.48N, 15.15E, damaged, rescued; 2 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)


Monday, 19 February 1917

English Channel

BRIGADE, 425/1909, J Holt, Liverpool-reg, sailing St Valery for Weston Point with flint stones. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by gunfire 12 miles NW 1/2 W of Cayeux-sur-Somme, Somme estuary (H/L/Lr/un)
   
CENTURION (2), full-rigged steel ship, 1,828/1891, Ship Cambrian King Ltd, Liverpool-reg, Mr W Jones, sailing Pensacola for London with timber. Captured by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger) and sunk by bombs 15 miles SE of Lizard Point, Cornwall (L - 15 miles S 80ºE of; wi - 15 miles SE by E, in 49.51N, 04.50W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)   

Atlantic off NW Scotland

HALCYON, trawler, 190/1898, J Leyman Jnr, Hull-reg H408, fishing. Mined, laid by U.71 (Hugo Schmidt), sank off Butt of Lewis, N Outer Hebrides; 10 lives lost, including Skipper (H/L/Lr/hw)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Araguaya, passenger & cargo ship, 10,537/1906, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast, armed. Chased and escaped. Destroyed in WW2 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW England

HEADLEY, 4,953/1914, Mitre Shipping, armed, sailing Portland (Me) for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.67 (Hans Nieland), sank 35 miles SSW of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/te - 50 miles SW of Lizard Point, in 49.09N, 06.29W) (H/L/te/un)

Mediterranean

Northwaite, 3,626/1905, Raithwaite SS Co (J W Pyman), Cardiff, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 13 March 1917 (H/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

CORSO, 3,242/1899, Empire Shipping, Cardiff-reg, armed, Bombay for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.64 (Robert Moraht), sank 110 miles S by W of Malta (L - 95 miles S of); master, chief engineer, 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
Central Atlantic

PINMORE, 4-mast steel barque, 2,431/1882, Tridonia Ltd, Greenock-reg, Mr James Mullen, Buenos Aires for Fayol with grain and maize. Overtaken by Seeadler with sails set and auxiliary diesels working, ordered Pinmore to stop, captured 540 miles NW 1/2 N true of St Paul Rocks, off NE Brazil (L - in 08.49N, 35.05W), apparently first taken by Cdr von Luckner into Rio de Janeiro to collect supplies, then sunk by scuttling charges at the end of the month. In 1902 Von Luckner sailed round the Horn from San Francisco to Liverpool as a member of Pinmore’s crew (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)

       

Tuesday, 20 February 1917

English Channel

Tahiti, 7,585/1904, Union Steam New Zealand, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England

Carperby, 2,104/1895, R Ropner & Co, Stockton, armed. U-boat attack off St Ives, torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Western Mediterranean

ROSALIE (2), 4,237/1915, Seville & United Kingdom Carrying Co, armed, New York for Salonica with munitions, oats. (L - 21st) - Torpedoed by U.39 (Waslter Forstmann), sank 8 miles E of Jidjelli/Jijel, E Algeria (L - between Dellys and Djedjelli); 21 lives lost including master (H/L/te)   

Wednesday, 21 February 1917

English Channel

TECWYN, motor vessel, 132/1904, E O Roberts, Liverpool-reg, sailing St Valery for Runcorn with boulders, flints. Captured by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sunk by gunfire 20 miles S of Portland Bill, Dorset (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Three sailing smacks, fishing, captured and sunk by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen) off Eddystone Rock, off Plymouth, Devon:

MONARCH, ketch-rigged, 35/1903, J Whicher, Brixham-reg BM215, Skipper Binham. Sunk by bomb 14 miles SE by S of (wi - in 50.05N, 03.55W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

ENERGY, cutter-rigged, 25/1888, Samuel Wilkins, Weymouth-reg. Sunk by gunfire 11 miles SSE 1/2 S of (wi - 11 miles SE by S of, in 50.03N, 04.03W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)
   
K. L. M., ketch-rigged, 28/1914, Mummery & Gearing, Lowestoft-reg LT230. Sunk by gunfire 8 miles NW by W of (wi - 8 miles WNW of, in 50.11N, 04.28W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

Atlantic off S Ireland

Nascent, 3,720/1915, J Westoll, Sunderland, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 25 August 1917 (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Cameronian, ex-German, 5,861/1914, British Government, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 2 June 1917 (H/ms)
   
Western Mediterranean

WATHFIELD, 3,012/1905, Doughty Shipping, armed, Limni for Malta with magnesite. Torpedoed by U.39 (Walter Forstmann), sank 15 miles N of Cape Carbon, near Bougie/Bejaia, Algeria (L - 15 miles SW of Bougie); 18 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un)    

Indian Ocean

PERSEUS, 6,728/1908, Ocean SS Co, Liverpool-reg, sailing Clyde/Port Natal for Yokohama with general cargo. (L - 20th) - Mined, laid by Wolf a few days before, sank 11 miles W of Colombo (L - 12 miles off); 3 lives lost (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)



Thursday, 22 February 1917

North Sea

Two Grimsby-reg trawlers on fishing grounds captured and sunk by UC.42 (Otto Heinrich Tornow):

LORD COLLINGWOOD, 148/1894, Beacon Steam Fishing. Sunk 129 miles NE 1/2 E of Longstone, Farne Is (L - 85 miles E by S of Aberdeen), not known how (H/L/Lr/un)
   
FROLIC, trawler, 183/1890, Grimsby Steam Fishing. Sunk by gunfire 90 miles E by S of Aberdeen (H/L/Lr/gy/un)
__________

JOHN MILES, 687/1908, Stephenson, Clarke, London-reg, 14 crew, Mr W Kelsey, Newcastle for Shoreham with 870t coal. Mined, laid by UB.21 (Franz Walther), sank 11 miles SE of Hartlepool, Tees estuary (wi - in 54.38.05N, 00.53.14W); 10 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Dover Straits

Ashtabula, tanker, 7,025 (ms – 7,016)/1903, Anglo-American Oil Co, armed, sailing Port Arthur for London. Mined, laid by UC.6 (Werner von Zerboni di Sposetti) near Brake Buoy, off Ramsgate (un – near Elbow Buoy), damaged, arrived London (H/L/ms/un)

English Channel

Gambia, 3,296/1915, British & African Steam Navigation Co (Elder, Dempster), Liverpool, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Canadian (1), 9,309 (ms – 9,301)/1900, F Leyland & Co, Liverpool, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk 5 April 1917 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

INVERCAULD, steel barque, 1,416/1891, G Milne & Co, Aberdeen-reg, sailing Gulfport for Fleetwood with timber. Captured by U.84 (Walter Roehr), torpedoed 22 miles SE of Mine Head, S of Dungarvan (wi - also near Conningbeg Rocks, in 52.04N, 06.39W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Atlantic

Aldworth, 3,369/1893, D Cairns, Leith, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Central Mediterranean

NOSTRA SIGNORA DEL PORTO SALVO, brigantine, 136/1895, M Vella & Figli, Malta-reg, sailing Alicante for Malta with wine. Captured by UC.35 (Ernst von Voigt), sunk by bombs c35 miles NW of Marittimo island, off Sicily (H/L/Lr/un)

   

Friday, 23 February 1917

UC.32 sunk by own mines in North Sea off Sunderland
North Sea

GRENADIER, 1,004/1895, Tyne-Tees SS Co, sailing Rotterdam for Newcastle with general cargo. Originally listed as torpedoed, now confirmed mined, laid by UC.4 (Georg Reimarus), sank 6 miles ENE of Shipwash LV, off Orford Ness (L - about 4 miles N of; te - in 52.06N, 01.42E); 8 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Bay of Biscay

British steamship (and an Admiralty collier) sunk by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger) off Belle Ile, W of St Nazaire:

BELGIER, 4,588/1914, Brys & Glysen, London-reg, sailing New York/Norfolk (Va) for Havre with munitions and general cargo. Captured, sunk by gunfire 30 miles W of (te - in 47.32N, 03.58W) (H/L/te/un)

Western Mediterranean

TROJAN PRINCE, 3,196/1896, Prince Line, armed, London/Plymouth for Alexandria with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.39 (Walter Forstmann), sank 5 miles NW of Cape Shershel/Cherchel, Algeria (L - in 36.39N, 02.07E); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
Central Mediterranean

LONGHIRST (2), 3,053/1904, Pyman, Watson, armed, sailing Philippeville for Salonica with barley, hay. Torpedoed by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sank 20 miles E of Cape Bon, Tunisia (L - in 37.08N, 11.25E); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)   

Central Atlantic

KATHERINE, 2,926/1904, Christian Salvesen, West Hartlepool-reg, sailing Rosario for Dakar with 4,500t corn and wheat. Captured by Möwe, scuttled 200 miles NE by N 1/2 N true from St Paul Rocks, off Brazil (H/L/Mn/kp)

   

Saturday, 24 February 1917

North Sea

BENEFICENT, 1,963/1881, Westoll Line, Sunderland-reg, 1-6pdr, 22 crew, Mr F Munro, Newcastle for Havre with coal. Heavy explosion starboard side abreast engine room at 0800, crew abandoned ship at 0818, went down at 0820 off mouth of River Tees, probably torpedoed by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader) (H - mined; L - mined 4 1/2  to 5 miles ENE of Hartlepool Heagh/Heugh LH; te - torpedoed by UC.31, sank in 54.44.30N 01.04W; wi - explosion in 54.44N, 01.03W); donkeyman and two firemen killed in the explosion, survivors picked up by patrol vessel and taken to the Tees (H/L/te/un/wi)
       
English Channel

Two steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Largo Law, 3,974/1907, T Law & Co, Glasgow. Torpedo/gun attack, torpedo missed, vessel escaped in fog (H/ms)

Somme, 1,828/1916, Normandy Shipping Co (Stephenson Clarke), London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 30 March 1917 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

FALCON (2), 2,244/1916, Ogmore SS Co (G Chitham & Co), Cardiff, armed, sailing Newport (Mon) for Marseilles with coal. Captured by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), sunk by gunfire 190 miles WNW of Fastnet (L/ms/te/un - in 52.40N, 14.45W; un – 150 miles WNW of) Note: attacked 16 March 1916 when measuring 675grt according to HMSO, presumably different vessel (H/L/te/un)

Silverdale, 3,835/1906, P H Laing, Sunderland, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 9 March 1918 (H/ms)
       
Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), torpedo missed:

Gleneden, 4,735/1909, Gleneden SS Co (J Napier), Glasgow. Wrecked in WW2 (H/ms)   

Megantic, passenger & cargo liner, 14,878/1909, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co (Ismay, Imrie), Liverpool (H/ms)
       
Central Mediterranean

DOROTHY, 3,806/1902, John Ness, armed, sailing Tunis for Salonica. Torpedoed by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sank 25 miles SE by S 1/2 S of Pantellaria island between Tunisia and Sicily; 6 lives lost (H/L/te/un)



Sunday, 25 February 1917

Bristol Channel

Hooton, 1,892/1912, Denaby & Cadeby Main Collieries, Hull, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire. Wrecked in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland
   
Three steamships sunk by U.50 (Gerhard Berger) off Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork:

LACONIA, passenger ship, 18,099/1912, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool-reg, requisitioned 27/10/14 for service as armed merchant cruiser, 8-6in, Pennant No.M.70, returned to commercial service (D - as armed storeship) after 2/8/16, 217 crew, Mr W Irvine, New York for Liverpool with 75 passengers, general cargo and mails. Torpedoed twice on starboard side just after 2100, sank about an hour later 160 miles NW by W of (dx - 124 miles W of Valentia Is; te - in 52.00N, 13.40W; wi - 160 miles WNW of); 6 passengers and 6 crew lost. Cargo included 852 silver bullion ingots, 132 boxes of fine silver, 4,545,738lbs of empty brass shell cases, 3,000t steel, 2,843 bales of cotton and 5,400 sacks of mail; unsuccessful salvage operations in 1986 confirmed her loss position as 160 miles NW by W of Fastnet Rock in 1,250ft (H/L/Mn/Cn/D/dx/te/un/wd/wi)

HUNTSMAN, 7,460/1904, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for Calcutta with general cargo. (L - 26th) - Torpedoed, sank 180 miles NW by W of (L - 130 miles W of Tearaght Light; te/un - in 52.04N, 12.02W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

ARIES, 3,071/1895, Rickinson, Sons & Co, West Hartlepool-reg, armed, sailing Melilla for Glasgow with iron ore. Captured, sunk by gunfire 190 miles NW by W of (L/te - in 51.55N, 14.30W); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Novington, 3,442/1912, Southdown SS Co (Bell, Symondson), London. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Venus, 3,152/1905, Cornhill SS Co (Harris & Dixon), London. Shelled, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       


Monday, 26 February 1917

Dover Straits

Small British steamship (and an Admiralty trawler) mined in field laid by UC.16 (Egon von Werner):

SEA GULL (2), 144/1893, R & W Paul, Ipswich-reg, 6 crew, Mr H Harvey, Erith/London for Boulogne with general cargo. Mined under the stern at 0835 shattering the boats already swung out for an emergency, sank 4 miles off Folkestone (wi - c4 miles S 1/2 E of Folkestone Gate, in 51.01N, 01.14E); two crew probably killed by the explosion, surviving master and three crewmen jumped overboard, picked up by patrol vessel and small boat from nearby barge, taken on board SS Swallow, landed at Folkestone (H/L/Mn/un/wi)

English Channel

Two cargo steamships mined and damaged. Not listed in Uboat.net, so presumably not U-boat-laid:

Swallow, cargo ship, 160/1905, London for Calais with general cargo. Mined 7 miles S of Folkestone, Kent, towed to Folkestone (L/Mn/ms)

Solar, cargo ship, 576/1902, T W Smyth, sailing Newcastle for Honfleur with coke. Mined off French coast in 49.48N, 00.42W. Damaged and beached 21 December 1917 (L/ms only)
   
St George's Channel and English Channel

Two vessels accounted for by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck):

HANNAH CROASDELL, schooner, 151/1866, W Postlethwaite & Son, Lancaster-reg. Mined, laid by UC.65, but not known when, sank 4 miles W 1/2 N of St Ann’s Head, W entrance to Milford Haven (L - 1 mile S of Skokham Is); 4 lives lost including master (H/L/Lr/un)

ALGIERS, 2,361/1882, Franco-British SS, London-reg, armed, Mr E Hutchings, sailing Calais for Barry Roads in ballast. Torpedoed and sunk 3 miles S of Owers LV, off Selsey Bill (L - 2 miles S of; te - in 50.35N, 00.40W; wi - 50.34.34N, 00.38.09W), 8 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off W Ireland

Cameron, 3,044/1905, K M Cameron, West Hartlepool, armed. Gun attack, rescued (H/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

CLAN FARQUHAR, 5,858/1899, Clan Line, Glasgow-reg, armed, Calcutta/Bombay for London with cotton, jute and tea. Torpedoed by UB.43 (Hams von Mellenthin), sank 80 miles N of Ben Ghazi/Benghazi, Libya (L - in 33.30N 20.05E); 49 lives lost including master, 2nd engineer taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Central Atlantic

BRITISH YEOMAN, 3-mast iron barque, 1,953/1880, British Yeoman Ship Co, Victoria (BC)-reg, Mr Armstrong, Buenos Aires for Nantes with wheat. Raider Seeadler drew close without suspicion, hoisted signal 'Stop immediately or I will fire' which was obeyed, livestock transferred, scuttling charges laid and British Yeoman sank 230 miles NW by N 1/2 N true from St Paul Rocks, off Brazil (L - in 4N, 32W; kp - 230 miles NW of). Note: according to "The Kaiser's Pirates" she had been sold to her American managers and should have been flying the Stars and Stripes (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)
   


Tuesday, 27 February 1917

North Sea

San Patricio, tanker, 9,712/1915, Eagle Oil Transportation Co, London, armed. Chased by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), gun attack and damaged, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms/un)
English Channel
   
Two gun attacks by U-boat(s):

Lydia
, 1,133grt. Rescued (ms – possibly passenger ship, 1,059/1890, London & South Western Railway Co, Southampton) (H/ms)

Polzeath, 882/1911, Lynn & Hamburg SS Co, King’s Lynn, armed. Saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two steamships sunk by U.49 (Richard Hartmann):

TRITONIA (2), 4,445/1905, Donaldson Line, armed, St John (NB)/Halifax (NS) for Glasgow with horses, general cargo. (L - 26th) - Torpedoed, sank 20 miles NW by W of Tearagh Is, off N side of Dingle Bay (L - 30 miles W by N of Tearaght Light; te - in 52.13N, 11.26W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

GALGORM CASTLE, steel barque, 1,596/1892, Northern Shipowner’s, sailing Buenos Aires for Queenstown. Captured, sunk by gunfire 90 miles W of Fastnet (L - 74 miles WSW of Bull LH): 11 lives lost (H/L/Lr/un)
__________

Ayr, cargo ship, 3,050/1894, Mercantile SS co, London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 8 March 1918 (H/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

Bellorado, cargo ship, 4,649/1912, Bellarden SS Co (Bell Bros), Cardiff, armed, sailing Barry for Alexandria with coal. Gun attack by UC.22 (Heino von Heimburg) in 35.12N, 17.10E, damaged, but saved by own gunfire, arrived Malta; 3 lives lost including master. Sunk as Olive Branch on 2 September 1917 (H/L/Mn/ms/un)
   
BRODMORE, 4,071/1890, Blue Star Line, London-reg, armed, sailing Majunga for Marseilles with frozen meat. Torpedoed by UB.43 (Hans von Mellenthin), sank 70 miles NW by N of Marsa Susa/Susah, Libya (L/te - in 33.50N, 21.02E); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

   

Wednesday, 28 February 1917

English Channel
   
HARRIET WILLIAMS, schooner, 157/1866, E Stephens, Fowey-reg, sailing London for Havre with pitch in bulk. Captured by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), sunk by bombs 15 miles NNE of Cape Antifer (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Huntscape, ex-German, 2,933/1911, British Government, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Lynorta
, 3,684 (ms – 3,668)/1902, Liver Shipping Co (Johnson, Sproule), Liverpool. Chased and escaped. Sunk 11 August 1917 (H/ms)

Rowena, 3,017/1899, Herskind & Co, West Hartlepool. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 18 April 1917 (H/ms)   



 

MARCH 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in March: 127 merchant ships totalling 353,478grt - 11 of 42,893grt to surface ships, 103 of 283,647grt to submarines, 13 of 26,938grt to mines, plus 43 fishing vessels totalling 3,586grt, all to submarines (H)

U-boat Warfare - the first cross-Channel French coal convoys sailed


Thursday, 1 March 1917

North Sea

Two trawlers, on fishing grounds, sunk by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow) off Longstone, Outer Farne Is, off Northumberland:
   
REDCAP, trawler, 199/1907, Kelsall Bros & Beeching, Hull-reg H962, hired 11/14 as minesweeper, returned to fishing 12/15. Sunk by gunfire 97 miles E of (L - 56.10N, 01.10E); one life lost (H/L/Lr/D/hw/un)
   
HERBERT INGRAM, trawler, 142/1892, Boston Deep Sea Fishing & Ice, Boston-reg. Captured, sunk by bomb 70 miles E of (L - in 55.59N, 00.25E) (H/L/Lr/un)
__________

TILLYCORTHIE, 382/1913, Mitchell & Rae, Aberdeen-reg, 8 crew, Mr MacLennan, sailing Seaham for Peterhead with 355t coal. Captured by UC.41 (Kurt Bernis), sunk by gunfire 16 miles N 1/2 E of (L - 5 miles E of Light; wi - 16 miles NE of, also 13 miles E of St Abb's Head, in 55.53.50N, 01.44W), master taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Birchgrove, 2,821/1894, Dovedale SS Co (Lucas), Stockton, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 21 December 1917 (H/ms)

Dover Straits

 Sarus, floating crane barge, 819/1914, Bombay Port Trust, Bombay. Gun attack off Boulogne, rescued (H/ms)
       
English Channel
   
CHATBURN, 1,942/1894, F Yeoman & Sons, West Hartlepool-reg, sailing Sunderland for Rouen with coal. Torpedoed by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), sank 22 miles NE 1/2 E of Cape Barfleur, Cherbourg peninsular (L/te - in 50N, 00.55W) (H/L/te/un)

Donegal, believed auxiliary hospital or ambulance ship, 1,885 (ms – 1,997)/1904, Midland Railway Co, Belfast. Chased and escaped. Sunk 17 April 1917 (H/Mn/ms/tr)
   
English Channel and St George's Channel

Two vessels mined, laid by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) in different locations, not known when laid:

Glenart Castle, hospital ship, ex-passenger & cargo ship, 6,824 (also 6,807; ms – 6,757)/1900, Union Castle Mail SS Co, Southampton, carrying 520 patients. Mined off Owers LV (un – 8 miles N50° W of), damaged, towed in to Portsmouth and repaired; destroyers and other ships saved all those on board. Sunk 26 February 1918 (H/L/Mn/ge/me/ms/tr/un)

DRINA, passenger ship, 11,483/1913, Royal Mail Steam Packet, London-reg, was Admiralty hospital ship 8/15-2/16, returned to mercantile service, now armed, sailing Buenos Aires for Liverpool with passengers, coffee and meat. Originally believed torpedoed, now mined, sank 2 miles W of Skokham Is, off Milford Haven (L/wd - 2 miles WSW of; te - in 51.41N, 05.20W); 15 lives lost (H/L/te/tr/un/wd)

Mediterranean

Tabarka, 3,933/1913, La Tunisienne Steam Navigation Co (Strick), Swansea, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Central Mediterranean

Euterpe (2), cargo ship, 3,540/1901, Calliope SS Co (Scaramanga Bros), London, armed, sailing Oran for Salonica. Torpedoed and damaged by UB.47 (Wolfgang Steinbauer) off Suda Bay, Crete, reached Suda Bay; 2 lives lost (H/L/dk/ms/un)

Indian Ocean
   
JUMNA, 4,152/1902, London-reg, Mercantile SS, Torrevieja for Calcutta with salt. Stopped by raider Wolf 650 miles W true from Minikoi island, W of S India, stores removed, sunk by bombs on 4th (H/L/Mn/kp)
 


Friday, 2 March 1917

English Channel

Two sailing vessels lying becalmed sunk by U.53 (Hans Rose) off Dungeness, Kent:

GAZELLE, wood ketch (wi - Thames spritsail barge), 119/1877, W E Colebrooke, Rye-reg, 4 crew, Mr H Clothier, London for Havre with pitch. U-boat fired three shells at 1545, crew abandoned ship, bomb hung outboard on starboard fore chain plates sinking her 20 miles SSW of (wi - in 50.37N, 00.45E); crew picked up at 2100 by patrol vessel, already had survivors of Utopia on board (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

UTOPIA (2), brigantine, 184/1860, W G Waters (un – J Murdoch), Rochester-reg, 6 crew, Mr W Richard, sailing London for Rouen with pitch. U.53 fired three shells at 1600, crew abandoned ship and rowed clear, three shells sank her at once, 20 miles SSW of (wi - in 50.36N 00.48E) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)   

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Trojan, 4,017/1905, owned by E C Thin. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
   


Saturday, 3 March 1917

English Channel

CONNAUGHT, passenger ship, 2,646/1897, City of Dublin Steam Packet, Dublin-reg, Mr J Thomson, Havre for Southampton in ballast (wi - on Admiralty service). Torpedoed by U.48 (Berndt Buss), sank 29 miles S by W 1/2 W of Owers LV (te/wi - in 50.08.30N, 00.45W); 3 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off S Ireland

St Mary (1), trawler, 99/1898, Whitby-reg WY96, fishing. Attacked, damaged off the small port of Union Hall, Co Cork (L/D)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

 Two armed steamships torpedoed and sunk by U.49 (Richard Hartmann) off Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork:

NEWSTEAD, 2,836/1894, Alban SS Co, Barry for Naples with coal. Sank 150 miles WNW of (L - 105 miles WNW of Blasquets; te - in 52.02N, 13.24W); 15 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
SAGAMORE, passenger ship, 5,197/1892, White Diamond SS Co, Boston for Liverpool with general cargo. Sank 150 miles W of (te - in 51.50N, 14.00W; wd - 150 miles WNW of); 52 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un/wd)
__________
   
Argyll, 3,547/1901, Sutherland SS Co, Newcastle, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 13 April 1917 (H/ms)



Sunday, 4 March 1917
   
English Channel

Two sailing vessels in ballast attacked and captured by U.48 (Berndt Buss):

THE MACBAIN (or Macbain), barquentine, 291/1881, J T Crampton, Portsmouth-reg, sailing Cherbourg for Fowey. Sunk by bomb 20 miles SSW of Portland Bill, Dorset (L - about 20 miles WSW of; wi - in 50.11N, 02.27W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Adelaide (2), brigantine, 180grt. (L - 5th) - Damaged by gunfire 42 miles NW by N of Cherbourg, towed into Brixham (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Atlantic off Cape Verdes

RHODANTHE, 3,061/1902, London Marine SS Co, London-reg, armed, Mr William Maclean, Algiers for Jamaica (kp - for Cuba to load sugar). Captured by raider Möwe, scuttled 330 miles NNW true from St Vincent island, NW Cape Verdes (H/L/Mn/kp)



Monday, 5 March 1917

North Sea
   
COPENHAGEN (1), passenger ship, 2,570/1907, Great Eastern Railway Co, Harwich-reg, believed released that month from hospital ship service, now sailing Harwich for Hook of Holland with passengers, no cargo. Torpedoed by UC.61 (Georg Gerth), sank 8 miles E 1/2 N of North Hinder LV, midway between Harwich & Hook of Holland; 6 lives lost (H/L/dk/te/tr/un)

Princess Melita, 1,094/1912, M Langlands & Sons, Glasgow, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

   

Tuesday, 6 March 1917
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

CORNELIA, 903/1872, W Monroe Bros, West Hartlepool-reg, 16 crew, Mr T Lesley, Oporto for Cardiff with pitwood, wine. Captured by UC.43 (Erwin Sebelin), sunk by gunfire 9 miles WNW of The Skelligs, off Co Kerry (L - 7 miles WNW of; te/wi - in 51.47N, 10.43W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Syndic, 2,727/1910, Syndic SS Co (I B Pearson), Glasgow, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Later sold to Japan, sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic W of Ireland

Two steamships torpedoed and sunk by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ) off Fastnet:

CALDERGROVE, 4,327/1909, Clutha Shipping, Glasgow-reg, armed, Havana for Queenstown with sugar. Sank 200 miles WNW of (te - in 51.30N, 14.51W); 19 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)
   
FENAY LODGE, 3,223/1904, Fenay SS Co, Mobile for Cherbourg with pitch pine/pit props. Sank 250 miles NW by W 1/2 W of (L/te - in 51.42N, 16.11W); 4 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)
       


Wednesday, 7 March 1917

North Sea

Two Grimsby-reg trawlers fishing possibly captured by UC.76 (Wilhelm Barten) and sunk by gunfire off Orkneys:

NAAMAH, 269/1907, T W Baskcomb, Skipper J Mengel. Sunk 35 miles S by E of North Ronaldshay (wi - in 58.49N, 02.07W) (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)

VULCANA, 219/1899, J E Rushworth. Sunk 40 miles ESE of Auskerry island LH, S of Stronsay island (L - 50 miles ESE of); 2 lives lost, including Skipper (H/L/Lr/gy/un)
   
English Channel

ANTONIO, 2,652/1905, Egypt & Levant SS Co, London-reg, master Mr J Burman, sailing Barry for Cherbourg with hay/cattle fodder. Originally believed mined, later confirmed as torpedoed by U.48 (Berndt Buss), sank 7 miles from Dartmouth, Devon (L/wi - about 6 miles off; wi - also in 50.15.27N, 03.29.05W); 11 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Zambesi, 3,759 (ms – 3,727)/1901, Turner, Brightman & Co, London, armed. Chased, escaped, escaped. Admiralty collier when sunk 1 April 1917 (H/ms)

Atlantic off S Ireland

WESTWICK, 5,694/1916, Westwick SS Co, Sunderland-reg, 38 crew, Mr Harrison, Baltimore for Hull with 7,980t maize. Mined at 0500, laid by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), 1 mile S of Roche's Point, Queenstown (Cobh), Co Cork (wi - also in Ringabella Bay, in 51.46,30N, 08.14.45W), damaged and total loss (H/L/te/un/wi)
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

BARON WEMYSS, 1,605/1912, Kelvin Shipping Co, Ardrossan-reg, armed, Huelva/Lisbon for Clyde with general cargo. Captured by UC.43 (Erwin Sebelin), sunk by torpedo 73 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 51.40N, 11.30W); 2 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Mediterranean

Pagenturm, ex-German, 5,000/1909, presumably British Government, armed. Torpedo failed to explode. Sunk 16 May 1917 (H/ms)

   

Thursday, 8 March 1917

Atlantic off SW Ireland

DUNBARMOOR, 3,651/1903, Moor Line Ltd, armed, Rosario/Dakar for Manchester with wheat. Captured by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ), sunk by gunfire 180 miles WNW of Fastnet (te - in 51.22N, 14.31W); 12 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un)
   
Eastern Mediterranean

GEORGIAN, troopship/transport, cargo steamship, 5,088/1890, Leyland Line, armed, carrying government stores. Torpedoed by UB.47 (Wolfgang Steinbauer), sank 52 miles N of Cape Sidero, NE Crete (L - Makri Is bearing N87ºW about 13m); 5 lives lost (H/L/me/te/un)



Friday, 9 March 1917

English Channel

Two vessels sunk by U.48 (Berndt Buss) off Devon:
   
EAST POINT, 5,234/1901, Norfolk & North American SS Co, Liverpool-reg, armed, London for Philadelphia with general cargo. Torpedoed and sunk 9 miles E by S 1/2 S of Eddystone LH, off Plymouth (L/wi - 10 miles E of, in 50.07.38N, 04.00.22W; te - in 50.11N, 04.02W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

ABEJA, schooner, 174/1881, W C Phillips, Exeter-reg, Mr H Cohning, Granville for Fowey in ballast. Captured, sunk by gunfire 20 miles SW 1/2 S of Start Point (L/wi - about 20 miles SSW of, in 49.54N, 03.48W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
St George's Channel

INVERLOGIE, 4-mast steel barque, 2,347/1893, G Milne, Aberdeen-reg, Mr W Ryder, Barry for Archangel with coal. Captured by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sunk by torpedo 15 miles SW of The Smalls, E of Milford Haven (wi - in 51.34N, 06W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   


Saturday, 10 March 1917

UC.43 sunk by submarine G.13 in Atlantic off N Shetlands
   
North Sea

Pylades, 681/1903, City of Cork Steam Packet Co, Cork. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
       
off NW Scotland

San Eduardo, tanker, 6,225/1912, Eagle Oil Transportation Co, London, armed, sailing Port Arthur & Kirkwell for Liverpool with oil. Torpedoed by U.80 (Alfred Glasenapp) in the Minches, 8 miles SSE of Stornoway (L - in 58.06N, 06.11W), damaged, reached Stornoway (H/L/ms/un)

St George's Channel

Two schooners captured by U.70 (Otto Wünsche) and sunk by gunfire off Hook Point, Co Waterford:

MEDITERRANEAN, 105/1867, owned by Mrs A Cadogan of Coosheen, Londonderry-reg, 4 crew, Mr R Gregory, Newport for Schull with 165t cast iron ingots/pigs, coal. Sunk 13 miles S of (wi - in 51.54N, 06.56W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
T. CROWLEY, 97/1877, Kinsale Shipping Co, Kinsale-reg, 5 crew, Mr D Fitzpatrick, Cardiff for Kinsale with coal. Captured at 0945, sunk by gunfire (wi - by explosive scuttling charges at 1025), 12 miles S of (L/wi - 15 miles S of, in 51.53N, 06.52W), crew made their way to Queenstown (H/L/Lr/un/wi)   
   
Atlantic off SW England
   
Ambassador, 2,578/1897, Hall Bros SS Co, Newcastle, armed. Gun attack in entrance to English Channel, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic W of Ireland

Two armed steamships shelled by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:

Aracataca, 4,154/1911, Elders & Fyffes, Belfast, armed, sailing Port Limon for Garston with general cargo. Attacked by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ) 250 miles WNW of Fastnet (L - in 51.19N, 16.03W), damaged, arrived Berehaven; one life lost. Sunk in collision 8 April 1917 (H/L/Mn/ms/un)    

Boonah, ex-German, 5,926/1911, Australian Government. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off S Ireland

Salvus, 2,259/1904, W H Seager & Co; two torpedoes missed (H/ms)   

Atlantic W of Portugal

Two armed steamships sunk by German raider Möwe off Lisbon:

ESMERALDAS, 4,678/1906, Pacific Steam Navigation Co, Liverpool-reg, sailing Liverpool for Newport News/Baltimore to load horses for British Army. Captured, scuttled 420 miles W by N true of (H/L/Mn/kp)

OTAKI, 9,575/1908, New Zealand Shipping Co, Plymouth-reg, Mr Archibald Bissett-Smith, London for New York in ballast. As Möwe approached, Otaki turned into a head sea to spoil the aim and opened fire at 3,000yds with her single 4-inch, hitting the raider - one shell exploded above the boiler room killing five Germans and wounding 10, a second started a coal bunker fire and shrapnel from a third opened Möwe's hull foreward enough to ship water. The Germans then got the range with their 5.9in guns and hit Otaki up to 30 times, setting her on fire. Listing to starboard, she sank by the stern 420 miles W 1/2 S true of Lisbon (dx - in 37.50N, 18.00W; H - captured, sunk by torpedo); 6 lives lost including master, remainder rescued from the sea and taken prisoner. Capt Archibald Bissett-Smith was posthumously granted honorary rank of Temporary Lieutenant RNR and awarded the Victoria Cross (H/L/Mn/dx/kp)
   
Western Mediterranean

JAMES BURTON COOK (H - "James Burton (Cook S V)"), schooner, 133/1913, W Smith, Lunenburg (NS)-reg, sailing Malaga for Cadiz in ballast. Captured by UC.74 (Wilhelm Marschall), sunk by gunfire, 25 miles SSE of Malaga, Spain (H/L/Lr/un)



Sunday, 11 March 1917

North Sea

KWASIND, 2,211/1894, Arctic SS Co, Quebec-reg, 23 crew, Mr F Shapter, Bilbao for Hartlepool with 3,500t iron ore. Mined, laid by UC.4 (Georg Reimarus), sank off Southwold, S of Lowestoft (L - off the Shipwash; te - in 52.08N, 01.45E; wi - in 52.18.45N, 01.48E); 12 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Bristol Channel
   
G. A. SAVAGE, 357/1900, Zillah Shipping & Carrying Co, Troon-reg, sailed Workington 10th for Swansea with pitch, went missing, posted by Lloyds 18/4/17, “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by submarine”. Confirmed as torpedoed and sunk by UC.47 (Paul Hundius); 9 lives lost including master, all hands (H/L/Lr)
   
Eddystone, 853grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (ms – possibly passenger & cargo ship, 1,036/1886, Clyde Shipping Co, Glasgow. Scuttled in WW2) (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England

THRIFT, ketch-rigged sailing smack, c40/1906, William Brown, Lowestoft-reg LT345, fishing. Sunk by gunfire of U.62 (Ernst Hashagen) 15 miles W of Trevose Head, Cornwall (wi - in 50.30N, 05.24W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)   
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

FOLIA, 6,705/1907, Cunard SS Co, London-reg, 1-12pdr, 85 crew, Mr F Inch, New York for Avonmouth with general cargo, including trench digging machinery, empty brass shell cases, general war stores. Torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose), sank 4 miles ESE of Ram Head, Youghal (L/wi - 4 miles SE of, in 51.55.50N, 07.36.15W; te - in 51.51N, 07.41W); 7 crew lost (H/L/te/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Spectator, 3,808/1914, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 19 August 1917 (H/ms)
   
Central Atlantic

HORNGARTH, 3,609/1911, Horngarth SS Co, Cardiff-reg, stern-mounted gun, Mr Ivor Stainthorp, Montevideo for Plymouth with maize. Seeadler requested a chronometer check which was ignored by Horngarth, proceeded to simulate a fire and send up distress flares, Horngarth changed course to assist, the raider than hoisted the German ensign and destroyed her wireless installation with 88mm shell, an attempt was made to man her gun but the British ship surrendered, boarding party took some supplies, placed scuttling charges and opened sea-cocks, sinking her 220 miles ENE true from St Paul Rocks, off Brazil (L - 02.15N, 26.20W); one life lost - possibly the wireless operator (H/L/Mn/kp)

Indian Ocean

WORDSWORTH, 3,509/1915, Shakespear Shipping Co, London-reg, sailing Bassein for Delagoa Bay/London with rice, stores. Sighted by raider Wolf at 0930, Friedrichshafen FF.33e seaplane launched to report on her and again later to prepare to bomb if necessary. Sometime in the late afternoon, Wolf fired warning shot across the bows, the British ship stopped 680 miles E true of Mahe, Seychelles (kp - in 04.30S, 67E), some rice was trans-shipped before she was scuttled by opened sea-cocks and scuttling charges on the 18th (H/L/Mn/kp)   



Monday, 12 March 1917
   
US government announced that all merchant ships in the war zone would be armed.

U.85 sunk by Q-ship Privet off Devon; UB.6 stranded in North Sea on Dutch coast, interned

North Sea
   
LUCY ANDERSON, 1,073/1904, Roberts & Cooper Ltd, Hull-reg, 18 crew, Hartlepool for Gothenburg with coal, proceeding at 8kts. Captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), sunk by gunfire 55 miles ESE of Noss Head, near Wick (L/te/wi - in 58.27N, 01.18W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

British collier (and an Admiralty chartered collier) mined in field laid by UC.4 (Georg Reimarus), sank off Orford Ness, Suffolk:

PONTYPRIDD, 1,556/1883, South Metropolitan Gas Co, London-reg (was Morel Bros, Cardiff), 19 crew, Mr A Lowe, Tyne for London with coal, in convoy. Sank off Aldeburgh Napes (L - abreast of; te - in 52.08N, 01.46E; un – in 52.08N, 01.46E; wi - in 52.05N, 01.36E); 3 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
__________
       
Ravelston, 2,085/1906, Raveslton SS Co (Gillespie & Nicol), Glasgow. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
       
English Channel
   
TOPAZ, 696/1896, William Robertson, sailing Honfleur for Port Talbot in ballast. Torpedoed by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), sank 27 miles E by N 1/2 N of Cape Barfleur (L - 30 miles NW of Cape La Heve; te - in 49.50N, 00.40W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Four vessels sunk by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen):

GLYNYMEL, 1,394/1890, Harris Bros, sailing Havre for Swansea in ballast. Captured, sunk by torpedo 23 miles S by W of St Catherine's Point, IoW (L - 15 miles SW of; te - in 50.12N, 01.11W); one life lost (H/L/te)

MEMNON, 3,203/1890, Elder Line, Liverpool-reg, Mr R Bris, Dakar/West Africa for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed, sank 20 miles SW of Portland Bill, Dorset (wi - 50.15.05N, 02.42.58W); 6 crew lost (H/L/te/wi)

FORGET-ME-NOT, ketch-rigged sailing smack, c40/1911, E L Painter, Lowestoft-reg LT1163, fishing. Captured 12 miles SW by W of Portland Bill, not known how sunk (H/L/bm)

REINDEER (1), ketch-rigged sailing smack, 52/1914, Samuel Salisbury Drew, Brixham-reg BM3, sailed Brixham for fishing & return. Captured 15 miles SE of Berry Head, Brixham, Devon (wi - in 50.14N, 03.10W), not known how sunk (H/L/bm/wi)
                   
Atlantic off SW England

Ten sailing smacks fishing captured by UC.47 (Paul Hundius) and sunk by bombs off Trevose Head, Cornwall. "Wreck Index" - "eight fishing vessels ….. sunk on the same day by the same enemy craft":

PROVERB, ketch-rigged, 24/1902, F Setterfield & A H Lanfear, Ramsgate-reg R16, sailed from Preston. Sunk 25 miles NW of (wi - in 50.47N, 05.35W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

HYACINTH, 61grt. Sunk 15 miles N by W of (wi - 15 miles NNW of, in 50.47N, 05.10W) (H/L/un/wi)

RIVINA, 22grt. Sunk 15 miles NNW of (wi - in 50.47N, 05.10W) (H/L/un/wi)   

JESSAMINE, ketch-rigged, 56/1899, William Brown, Lowestoft-reg LT93. Sunk 14 miles NNW of (wi - in 50.46N, 05.08W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

LENT LILY, 23grt. Sunk 13 miles NNW of (wi - in 50.45N, 05.09W) (H/L/un/wi)

C. A. S., 56grt. Sunk 12 miles NNW of (wi - in 50.46N, 05.10W) (H/L/un/wi)

NELLIE, 60grt. Sunk 13 miles N by W of (wi - in 50.45N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)
   
GRACIA, 25grt. Sunk 12 miles N by W of (wi - 12 miles NNW of, in 50.44N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)   

INTER-NOS (un – Internos), 59grt. Sunk c12 miles NNW of (wi - in 50.44N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)

ENA, 56grt. Sunk 10 miles N by W of (wi - in 50.42N, 05.05W); fate of crew not known. (H/L/un/wi)
__________

Winnebago, tanker, 4,666/1915, Anglo-American Oil Co, Sunderland, armed, sailing Baton Rouge for Brest with fuel oil. Torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche) 20 miles N true of Bishop Light, damaged, towed in to Plymouth Sound (H/L/ms/un)

Atlantic off S Ireland

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s) and escaped:

Raphael, 4,699/1898, Liverpool, Brazil & River Plate Steam Navigation Co (Lamport & Holt), Liverpool. Chased (H/ms)

Semantha, 2,847/1899, Haws SS Co, Liverpool. Gun attack, got away under cover of smoke screen (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Port Chalmers, 6,534/1907, Commonwealth Lines, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

       

Tuesday, 13 March 1917
   
UC.68 sunk by own mines in English Channel off Devon

North Sea
       
Two trawlers captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns):

NAVENBY, trawler, 167/1891, W Grant, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured, sunk by bomb 85 miles E by S 1/2 S of Rattray Head, N of Peterhead (H/L/Lr/gy/un)

NUTTALIA, trawler, 229/1899, North Eastern Steam Fishing, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Original sources believe she was captured in March, possibly by U-boat, listed by HMSO at end of March, taken to German port (L - captured previous to 16 March, later sunk). Uboat.net confirms her as captured by UC.44, probably off Scotland, and taken as prize (H/L/Lr/gy)
___________

Two British sailing smacks on fishing gounds captured by UB.32 (Max Viebeg), sunk by gunfire off Smith's Knoll Middle Buoy, off Winterton-on-Sea, N of Yarmouth:

COMRADES, 58grt. Sunk 2 1/2 m W of (wi - in 52.43N, 02.14E) (H/L/un/wi)

GOLD SEEKER, 62grt. Sunk 4 miles off (wi - in 52.43N, 02.11E) (H/L/un/wi)

English Channel

TRY, sailing smack, 34grt, fishing. Captured by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen), sunk by gunfire 10 miles S of Wolf Rock, off Land's End (wi - in 49.52N, 05.46W) (H/L/un/wi)
       
St George's Channel

BRIKA, 3,549/1908, English & American Shipping Co, London-reg, 1-15pdr, 33 crew, Mr F Tamlin, Santiago de Cuba/Queenstown for London (te - Bristol) with 5,000t sugar. (te/un - 14th) - Torpedoed by UC.47 (Paul Hundius), sank 13 miles SE by S of Coningbeg LV, SE of Waterford Harbour (te/wi - in 51.55N, 06.24W); 2 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Glencliffe, 3,673/1910, Glencliffe SS Co (Milburn, Lundy), Whitby, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 12 April 1917 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW England

ELIZABETH ELEANOR, sailing vessel, 169grt, sailing Malaga/Gibraltar for Bristol with iron ore. Captured by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sunk by gunfire 77 miles NW by W 1/2 W of Trevose Head, Cornwall (L - in 50.47N, 06.58W) (H/L)
   
Trecarne, 4,196/1915, Hain SS Co, St Ives, armed. Gun attack W of Scillies, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Atlantic NW of Ireland

CORONDA, 2,733/1892, Christian Salvesen, Leith-reg, armed, Clyde for South Georgia with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.81 Raimund Weisbach), sank 180 miles NW of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L - in 56.11N, 13.04W); 9 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off W and SW Ireland

Two vessels (and a Q-ship steamer) torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann):

NORTHWAITE, 3,626/1905, Raithwaite SS Co, Cardiff-reg, 1-4.7in, 32 crew, Mr W Budden, Sfax/Bona for Dublin with phosphate rock. Torpedoed at 0015, sank 14 miles WNW of the Blaskets, off Dingle Bay (te - in 52.11N, 11.07W; wi - in 52.07N, 10.57W, also 12 miles W of Dingle); crew picked up at 0315 by British warship, landed at Berehaven (H/L/te/un/wi)

Luciline, tanker, 3,765/1899, Luciline Navigation Co (Lane & MacAndrew), London, sailing New York for Havre with naphtha. Torpedoed 40 miles WNW of Tearaght Is (L - in 52.30N, 11.30W), damaged, beached Ventry Harbour on 15th, later refloated; 15 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)
__________

Burgundy, 3,364/1901, D MacIver, Sons & Co, Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for River Plate with general cargo. Gun attack (L - in 56N, 10.50W), saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L/ms)


Atlantic off S Ireland

NORWEGIAN, 6,327/1913, Leyland Line, Liverpool-reg, 1-4.7in, 47 crew, Mr W Brown, New York for Liverpool with bagged grain, mails and general cargo. Mined, laid by UC.43 (Erwin Sebelin), sank 4 miles SW of Seven Heads, near Clonakilty Bay, Co Cork (L/wi - about 5 miles SW of, in 51N, 08.47.30W); 5 crew lost. Sixty ingots of nickel recovered in 1920 (H/L/te/un/wi)
       
Western Atlantic

DEMETERTON, 6,048/1914, jointly by Carlton SS Co & Camboy SS Co, Newcastle-reg, sailing Halifax for UK with timber. Raider Möwe approached and opened fire, stopped immediately, boarding party laid scuttling charges, because of the timber cargo 5.9in shells were fired into the waterline to speed her sinking 730 miles E by N true of Cape Race, Newfoundland (L - 48.27N, 35.35W) (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)



Wednesday, 14 March 1917
   
English Channel

REWARD, sailing vessel, 172grt. Listed as missing by Lloyds; uboat.net describes her as sunk by UC.72 (Ernst Voight), S of Start Point in 49.55N, 03.15W (L/un only)

Orsova, passenger ship, 12,036/1909, Orient Steam Navigation Co, Glasgow, armed, sailing London for Devonport with government stores. Torpedoed by UC.68 (Hans Degetau) 3 miles E by S 1/2 S of The Eddystone, beached Cawsand Bay, near Plymouth on 17th, later refloated; 8 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)
       
Fallodon, 3,012/1903, London & Northern SS Co (Pyman Bros), London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 28 December 1917 (H/ms)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s) and escaped:

Polescar, ex-German, 5,832 (ms – 5,826)/1914, British Government. Chased (H/ms)

Tortuguero, passenger & cargo ship, 4,175 (ms – 4,161)/1909, Elders & Fyffes, Glasgow. Gun attack. Sunk 26 June 1918 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic W of Ireland

BRAY HEAD, 3,077/1894, Head Line, Belfast-reg, armed, St John (NB) for Belfast with general cargo. Captured by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ), sunk by gunfire 375 miles NW by W of Fastnet Rock, Co Cork (L/te - in 52.04N, 18.50W); 21 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

GOVERNOR, 5,524/1915, Charente SS Co, Liverpool-reg, Mr Packe, sailing from Liverpool. Governor opened fire when Möwe approached, raider moved out of arc of fire and soon stopped her with a number of shell hits, crew taken off, sea-cocks opened but finished off with a torpedo amidships sinking her 930 miles W 1/2 S true from Fastnet; 4 crew killed by the shelling, remainder taken prisoner. This was Möwe’s last victim as she headed back to Germany from her first cruise with over 800 prisoners (H/L/Mn/kp)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

PAIGNTON, 2,017/1911, Globe Shipping, Cardiff-reg, 1-12pdr, 24 crew, Mr A Smith, Greece/Gibraltar for Glasgow with 2,800t magnesite. Captured by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach), sunk by gunfire 40 miles NW of The Skelligs, near Valentia Is (te/wi - in 52.01N, 11.29W); one crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off S Ireland

Ranella, tanker, 5,583/1912, Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)   



Thursday, 15 March 1917

Dover Straits

COONAGH, 1,412/1904, Limerick SS Co, Limerick-reg, Mr Power, sailed Middlesbrough 10th for Rouen with cast iron ingots/pigs, off River Thames on 13th, went missing, posted by Lloyds 18/4/17. Confirmed torpedoed by UC.16 (Egon von Werner), sank in The Downs, off Kent (un – in 49.55N, 00.42E; wi - also possibly mine laid by UC.16 in 51.30N, 01E); 10 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)

English Channel

Lepanto, 6,389/1915, Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull, armed, sailing New York for Hull with munitions, general cargo. Gun attack 10-12 miles SW of Lizard Point, saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged. Sunk in WW2 (H/L/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Willaston, 5,658grt, armed. Gun attack at entrance to English Channel, saved by own gunfire (ms – presumably 4,309/1914, Wirral Transportation Co (Edgar), Liverpool (H/ms)
       
Bay of Biscay

FRIMAIRE, ex-Corso, 1,778/1900, Plisson Steam Navigation Co, London, armed, sailing St Nazaire for Bayonne (te - Glasgow for St Nazaire) in ballast. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank 21 miles SSE of Belle Ile, W of St Nazaire (te/un - in 47.03N, 02.26W); 12 lives lost including master. Note: attacked 15 July 1915 while bearing name Corso according to HMSO index (H/L/dk/te/un)



Friday, 16 March 1917

German commerce raider Leopard, 4,652grt, ex-British Yarrowdale captured 11/12/16 by raider Möwe, 5-5.9in/4-3.45in/2tt sailed from Germany, sunk in the North Sea near the Faeroes by armoured cruiser Achilles and armed boarding steamer Dundee. Went down with all hands including Dundee's boarding party of one officer and five men.

 English Channel

SIR JOSEPH, wood ketch, 84/1879, J J Nash, Plymouth-reg, Mr A Brown, Granville for Plymouth in ballast. Captured by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), sunk by bombs 30 miles SSE of Start Point, Devon (wi - 49.48N, 03.14W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW England

NORMA PRATT, 4,416/1907, Brantingham SS Co, Havre for New York with hides, wine. Captured by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sunk by torpedo 150 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (te - in 48.53N 09.53W); chief officer, 3rd engineer taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
       
Atlantic off S Ireland

Two vessels captured by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien) and sunk by bombs off Co Waterford:

PENCAER, ketch-rigged sailing smack, 46/1915, Milford owner, Milford-reg M25, Brixham crew, fishing. Sunk 8 miles SE of Mine Head LH, S of Dungarvan (wi - in 51.56N, 07.23W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

WILLIAM MARTYN or William Martin, schooner, 104/1878, A William Corney, Barnstaple-reg, 4 crew, Mr A Correy, Newport (Mon) for Cork with coal. Ship’s stores taken off, sunk 9 miles S by W 1/2 W of Ram Head, Youghal (wi - 9 miles S by W of, in 51.47.30N, 07.40W at 1610) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
           
Atlantic off SW Ireland

NARRAGANSETT, bulk petroleum tanker, 9,196/1903, Anglo-American Oil, Greenock-reg, armed, Mr C Harwood, New York for London with lubricating oil. Torpedoed and sunk by U.44 (Paul Wagenführ) (te/wi - in 50.12N, 17.34W); 46 crew lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off NW France

Raymond, brigantine, 200grt, sailing Quimper for Fowey in ballast. Gun attack off Ushant (L - 3 miles N by W of Penmarc’h Pt), rescued, put into Brest, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L/Lr)



Saturday, 17 March 1917

North Sea

British trawler (and two more British fishing vessels sailing to fit out for naval service), sunk by surfaced UC.50 (Rudolf Seuffer):       

KESTREL (2), trawler, 181/1898, A Bannister, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured, sunk by gunfire 20 miles E by S of Longstone (H/L/Lr/gy/un)
       
St George's Channel

Two vessels sunk by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien) off Coningbeg LV, off Saltee Is, Co Wexford:

ANTONY, passenger ship, 6,446/1907, Booth SS Co, Liverpool-reg, 1-6in QF, 126 crew, Mr A Stoker, Para for Liverpool with rubber bales, general cargo, 4 passengers. Torpedoed, sank 19 miles W by N of (L - 14 miles SW of; te/wi - in 51.56N, 07.09W); 55 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wd/wi)
   
GUARD, ketch-rigged sailing smack, c38/1908, built for William Blackmore (died 14/11/14) of Lowestoft, owned by his widow Dorothy Kate Blackmore, Brixham-reg BM280, fishing. Captured, sunk by gunfire 8 miles SW of (wi - in 51.57.45N, 06.50W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Ruahine, passenger & cargo ship, 10,758/1909, New Zealand Shipping Co, Plymouth, armed. U-boat attack 167 miles SW by S of Fastnet, torpedo missed (H/ms)
       
Atlantic off NW France

Baygitano, 3,073/1905, Bay SS Co, armed. U-boat attack W of Ushant, torpedo missed. Sunk 18 March 1918 (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

TASSO, 1,859/1904, Bolivian General Enterprise, sailing Manchester for La Pallice with war materials. Originally believed torpedoed, now confirmed mined, laid by UC.70 (Werner Fürbringer)), sank 5 miles S of lle de Groix, off Lorient; 19 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un) RN cas   

Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Anglo-Egyptian, 7,379/1912, Nitrate Producers’ SS Co (Lawther, Latta), London. Chased, escaped (H/ms)

Karmala, 8,983 (ms – 8,947)/1914, Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co (P&O), Liverpool. Torpedo/gun attack, torpedo missed, saved by defensive gunfire (H/ms)



Sunday, 18 March 1917

German Destroyer Raid on Dover Straits
 
GREYPOINT, 894/1889, W A Massey, Hull-reg, sailing Rouen for Tyne in ballast, engine trouble, anchored just outside the entrance to the Downs. Torpedoed by a destroyer of 2nd Zeebrugge Half Flotilla, 2 miles SE by E of Broadstairs Landing (L - 2 to 2 1/2 m SE by E of Broadstairs Pier); crew rescued by drifter R.R.S. (H/L/Lr/Rn/Mn/ap)

 Atlantic off SW England

JOSHUA NICHOLSON, 1,853/1880, Joshua Nicholson SS, North Shields-reg, armed, sailing London for Alexandria with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sank off Wolf Rock, off Lands End (te/wi - in 49.37N, 06.37W); 26 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te)


       
Monday, 19 March 1917

Atlantic W of SW England & NW France

Two more armed steamships torpedoed and sunk by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach):

ALNWICK CASTLE, passenger ship, 5,900/1901, Union Castle Mail SS Co, London-reg, served as troopship, returned to mercantile service, London/Plymouth for Cape Town with passengers, general cargo, one day out on the 18th picked up survivors from SS Trevose, total of 139 people on board. Sunk 310 miles W 1/2 S of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/te/wd - in 47.38N, 13.24W; but wd - 310 miles SW of); 40 lives lost including three from Trevose. After abandoning ship, lifeboats became separated in worsening weather, two were never seen again, remaining four drifted between five and ten days and a number of people died from exposure. One boat was rescued by Spanish fishermen near Cape Ortegal, and a second out at sea by liner Venezia (H/L/Mn/ge/te/un/wd)

FRINTON, 4,194/1912, J A Mango, sailing Cartagena for Middlesbrough with government stores (te - iron ore). Sunk 320 miles W by N 1/2 N of Ushant (L - 350 miles W of Scillies; te - in 48.00N 13.00W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       

Tuesday, 20 March 1917
   
English Channel

HAZELPARK, 1,964/1916, Denholm Line, armed, Tyne for La Rochelle with coal. Torpedoed by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen), sank 3 miles S by E of Start Point, Devon (L - 3 to 3 1/2 m SE of; te - in 50.11N, 03.35W) (H/L/te)

Indian Ocean

Danubian, tanker, 5,064/1909, Petroleum SS Co (Lane & MacAndrew), London, sailing Perim for unknown destination. Mined 11 miles S by W of Asses Ears, Aden (L - on 22nd, 11 miles S16ºW of Ass’s Ear), probably laid by raider Iltis (captured British SS Turritella) night of 4th/5th, reached Aden (H/L/kp/ms)


   
Wednesday, 21 March 1917
 
English Channel

Two vessels attacked by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen):

Asturias, hospital ship, passenger ship, 12,002/1908, Royal Mail Steam Navigation Co, Belfast, in War Office service, sailed from Malta, landed wounded at Avonmouth, now heading for Southampton fully illuminated. (tr/www – around midnight on 20th; mh – on 21st) - Torpedoed aft, stern blown off and badly damaged 5 miles S of Start Point (L - 6 miles S of), beached near Bolt Head at entrance to Salcombe Harbour with steering gear and starboard propeller shaft wrecked, declared total loss; 35 lives lost including MN stewardess (tr - 43 lives, suggesting 8 medical staff after allowance for the 35 crew listed in HMSO; ge/www - 41 lives). Bought by the government, salvaged, arrived Plymouth 19/4/17, used as ammunition hulk at Plymouth, later rebuilt for mercantile service (H/L/Mn/ge/me/mh/tr/un/www)

AVANCE, sailing smack, c60grt, fishing. Captured, sunk by gunfire about 25 miles WSW of Portland Bill (wi - in 50.25.30N, 02.45W) (H/L/un/wi)
__________

Huntscape, ex-German, 2,933/1911, Elder Dempster & Co (ms – British Government), armed, sailing Boulogne for Portsmouth in light condition. Originally listed as torpedoed, but now as mined, laid by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger) in 49.39N, 00.00 (un – off Beachy Head), damaged, reached port. Sunk in WW2 (H/L/ms/un)
       
RIO SOROCABA, 4,307/1906, Leander SS Co, London-reg, 35 crew, Port Louis for Havre with 6,400t sugar. Captured by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien), sunk by bombs 10 miles S of The Eddystone, off Plymouth (te - in 50.04N, 04.13W; L/wi - 10 miles E of, in 49.59.20N, 04.16.10W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

off SW Britain

ACTON, 207/1917, Acton SS Co, London-reg, sailed Liverpool 15th for St Malo with general cargo, sighted off Fishguard 21st, went missing, posted by Lloyds 2/5/17. On or after 21th - sunk by U-boat, not known how; 6 lives lost including master (un – possibly on 22nd when UC.17 may have been in the area) (H/L/Lr/un)

Atlantic W of Ireland

STANLEY, 3,987/1914, Pyman SS Co, armed, Newport News for Cherbourg with oats, iron ore (te - grain). Torpedoed by U.24 (Walter Remy), sank 230 miles W by N of Fastnet (L/te - in 50.50N, 16W); 8 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

HINDUSTAN, 3,692/1912, Hindustan SS Co, sailing Beaumont (te - Newport News/Halifax (NS)) for Queenstown with timber. Torpedoed by U.46 (Leo Hillebrand), sank 150 miles WNW of Fastnet (L - 130 to 135 miles W true of Mizen Head; te - in 51.25N, 13.30W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   


Thursday, 22 March 1917

German commerce raider Möwe returned to Germany from her second cruise (Cn - total of 40 ships of 182,785grt; kp - 38 ships of 165,340grt plus one more; nh - 39 ships of 173,004grt)
   
North Sea

RIO COLORADO, 3,565/1903, London-American Maritime Trading Co, London-reg, 28 crew, Mr A Cromach, La Plata/Montevideo for Newcastle with wheat, carrying pilot, approaching examination vessel in heavy seas. Mined amidships at 0545, laid by UC.50, sank at 0625 in entrance to River Tyne (L/wi - 15 to 40yd off North Pier, in 55.00.57N, 01.22.38W); 10 crew lost, including chief officer, boatswain, 2 seaman aft drowned, 2nd engineer and three fireman reported missing, master drowned swimming to examination vessel, survivors and pilot picked up by examination vessel, landed at New Quay, North Shields (H/L/te/wi)
   
English Channel
   
Two vessels sunk by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger):

ROTORUA, passenger ship, 11,140/1910, New Zealand Shipping Co, Plymouth-reg, 1-4.7in, 148 crew, from Wellington via Newport News with 238 passengers, 5,600t New Zealand produce, arrived Plymouth 21st, landed all passengers, left next day for London, steaming at 13kts. Torpedoed, sank 24 miles E of Start Point, Devon (L - 50.18N, 02.56.30W; te - in 50.17N, 03.07W; wi - in 50.18.26N, 02.59.40W); one life lost - steward fell overboard and drowned (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)

CURLEW (2), ketch-rigged sailing smack, 51/1904, Joseph Whicher, Brixham-reg BM227, sailed Brixham for fishing. Captured, sunk by bomb 14 miles S of Berry Head (wi - in 50.10N, 03.26W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)
__________

Perseverance (2), sailing smack, 30grt, Ramsgate-reg R118, fishing. Attacked and damaged, put into Plymouth (L/bm)
   
English Channel and St George's Channel

Two steamships sunk by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien):

CHORLEY, 3,828/1901, Brys & Glysen, London-reg, 27 crew, Norfolk (Va) for Havre with 6,525t munitions and general cargo. Torpedoed, sank 25 miles E by S of Start Point (L - 23 miles E by S of; te - in 50.14N, 03.02W; wi - 28 miles E by S of; both L/wi - in 50.18N, 03.02W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

PROVIDENCE, 2,970/1903, The Admiralty (T B Royden), London, armed, Cork for France with hay. Originally listed as torpedoed, now mined, laid by UC.48 on unknown date, sank 1 1/2 m S by W 1/2 W of Barrels LV, off Co Wexford (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off W Ireland

STUART PRINCE, 3,597/1899, Prince Line, armed, Manchester/Belfast for Alexandria with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.66 (Thorwold von Bothmer), sank 85 miles N by W of Broad Haven, Co Mayo (L/te - in 55.28N, 11.20W); 20 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)
   
Mediterranean

South Pacific, 3,661/1913, Pacific Shipping Ltd, Sunderland, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

   

Friday, 23 March 1917

North Sea

Two unarmed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), torpedoes missed:

Genesee (1), 2,892 (ms – 2,899)/1900, Anglo-Algerian SS Co (1896) Ltd (Strick), Swansea (H/ms)

Sagenite, 712/1905, W Robertson, Glasgow. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
                   
English Channel

Three steamships sunk by UB.39 (Heinrich Küstner):

ACHILLE ADAM, 460/1887, South Eastern & Chatham Railway Companies Managing Committee, London-reg, 14 crew, Mr R Kilbie, St Valery for Newhaven, just 3 passengers. Captured, sunk by bombs 31 miles SE by S of Beachy Head, near Eastbourne (wi - 50.30.20N, 00.47E); 6 lives lost (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

CLAN MACMILLAN, 4,525/1901, Clan Line, Glasgow-reg, 1-4.7in, 91 crew, Mr George Young, Chittagong via London for Glasgow with coir matting. Torpedoed, sank 5 miles SW of Newhaven (te - 10 miles W of Beachy Head, in 50.41N, 00.01W; wi - in 50.43.34N, 00.00.43E) (H/L/te/un/wi)

EXCHANGE, 279/1884, Manchester, Liverpool & North Wales SS Co, Liverpool-reg. Captured, sunk by gunfire 30 miles NW of Cayeux, Somme estuary; 8 lives lost (H/L/Lr/un)
__________

Two steamships accounted for by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger):

Mexico, passenger ship, 5,549/1902, Pacific Steam Navigation Co, Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool/London for Valparaiso with general cargo. Originally listed as torpedoed off Dungeness, now mined, laid by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger) off Beachy Head, not known when laid, damaged, towed into Tilbury Docks on 26th (H/L/ms/un)

MAINE, 3,616/1905, Atlantic Transport Line, London-reg, 1-4.7in, 43 crew, London for Philadelphia with chalk and general cargo. Torpedoed, sank 11 miles SE by E of Start Point, Devon (L - 50.12N, 03.53W; un – 9 1/2  miles SSW of Dartmouth; wi - 50.12.45N, 03.50.53W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic W of SW England

Crown of Granada, 2,746/1902, Crown SS Co (Prentice, Service & Henderson), Glasgow, armed, sailing London for Barbados. Gun attack (L - in 49N, 15.50W), saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L/Mn/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

EPTALOFOS, 4,431/1911, Lydford SS, armed, sailing Malta for Kingston (Ja) in ballast. Torpedoed by U.64 (Robert Moraht), sank 47 miles NW of Malta; master, 2 officers, 4 engineers and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)



Saturday, 24 March 1917

English Channel

Nine sailing smacks fishing captured by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger) and sunk with bombs off Eddystone Rock, off Plymouth:

BOY WALTER, 43grt. Sunk 15 miles SE of (wi - in 50.03N, 03.56W) (H/L/un/wi)

ENIGMA, 24grt. Sunk 15 miles SE of (wi - in 50.03N, 03.56W) (H/L/wi)

MAYFLOWER, ketch-rigged, 38/1889, G S Pease, ex-Dartmouth DH283, now Plymouth-reg or based. Sunk 15 miles SE of (wi - in 50.03N, 03.56W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

QUI VIVE (2), cutter-rigged, 22/1900, W G Easton, ex-Ramsgate R22, now Brixham-reg BM349. Sunk 15 miles SE of (wi - in 50.02N, 03.56W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

H. C. G., 24grt. Sunk 15 miles SE of (wi - in 50.02N, 03.57W) (H/L/un/wi)   

ENDEAVOUR (1), ketch-rigged, 25/1894, Thomas Walter Chapman, Ramsgate-reg R126. Sunk 15 miles SE of (wi - in 50.02N, 03.58W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

REINDEER (2), ketch-rigged, 28/1889, R Brenchley, Ramsgate-reg R62. (bm - 27th) - Sunk 15 miles S of (H/L/un/bm)
   
ALICE, 61grt. Sunk 12 miles SSW of (wi - in 49.59N, 04.17W) (H/L/un/wi)

SATANITA, 30grt. Sunk 12 miles SSW of (wi - in 49.59N, 04.16W) (H/L/un/wi)   
__________

Ionian, 8,268 (ms – 8,265)/1901, Allan Line SS Co, Glasgow, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 20 October 1917 (H/ms)
               
Irish Sea & St George's Channel

Three British vessels captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) and sunk by bombs:

FAIREARN, 592/1915, James Inglis, Glasgow-reg, 13 crew, Mr A Robertson, sailing Garston for Cork with coal. Sunk 16 miles WNW of South Stack Rock, Holy Is, Anglesey (L/wi - 17 miles WNW of, in 53.30N, 05W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

ENNISTOWN, ex-Eimstad, 689/1908, Town Line (Harrison, Sons & Co), London, Cardiff-reg, 14 crew, Mr T Tippett, Dublin for Cardiff in ballast. Sunk 10 miles SE of South Arklow LV, off Co Wicklow (wi - in 52.35N, 06.44W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

HOWE, 3-mast schooner, 175/1871, K Pedersen, Gloucester-reg, 6 crew, Mr H Chapple, Garston for Cork with coal. Sunk 4 miles NE of North Arklow LV (L - 4 miles NE by N of South Arklow LV, in 52.42N, 06.03.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW Ireland
   
Coronado, passenger & cargo ship, 6,539/1915, Elders & Fyffes, Belfast, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Atlantic

Shimosa, 4,221/1902, New York & Oriental SS Co (Barber), Liverpool, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 30 July 1917 (H/ms)


   
Sunday, 25 March 1917

North Sea

PRINCE OF WALES, trawler, 158/1891, J Pattison, Skipper E George, on fishing grounds. Captured by UC.77 (Reinhard von Rabenau), sunk by bombs (un – also possibly mined 1/2 ) 17 miles E Hartlepool-reg, by S of Girdle Ness (un – in 57.10N, 01.32W; wi - 57.09N, 01.13W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Three trawlers on fishing grounds captured by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs) and sunk by bombs off Aberdeen:
   
MEDIAN, 214/1908, Onward Steam Fishing, Grimsby-reg GY384, Skipper J Brown. Sunk 30 miles E by S of (wi - in 57.10N, 01.07W) (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)

ROSSLYN, 113/1892, Rosslyn Fishing, Leith-reg. Sunk 54 miles E 1/2 S of Girdle Ness (L - 54 miles E 1/2 S of) (H/L/Lr/un)

INDUSTRIA, 133/1887, F & T Ross, Hull-reg H14. Originally listed as reportedly captured by U-boat, not known how sunk or when (H - listed with other trawlers at end of April; L – 12 April but uncertain), now confirmed sunk by UC.75 on this date (H/L/Lr/hw/un)
__________
           
Hornchurch, 2,159/1916, J Hudson & Co, London, sailing London for Sutherland in ballast. Mined 6 miles SW of Shipwash LV. Sunk 3 August 1917 (L/ms only)

English Channel

Two sailing vessels captured by UC.69 (Erwin Wassner) and sunk by bombs off Beachy Head, near Eastbourne, Sussex:

MARY ANNIE (1), 3-mast schooner, 154/1893, H P Thomas, Carnarvon-reg, 6 crew, Mr G Jones, Glasgow for Treport with coal. U-boat surfaced half a mile off at 0545, fired one shot to make her heave to, then went off to sink S/V Huntleys. On returning, the U-boat crew boarded, took away food and equipment, and placed scuttling charges, sinking her at 0620, 28 miles SSW of (wi - in 50.19N, 00.14W), ship’s papers burnt by the master; crew picked up at 1300 by SS Presto, (H/Lr/un/wi)

HUNTLEYS, brigantine, 186/1865, J K Morris, Faversham-reg, Mr A Martin, 6 crew, Bristol for Dieppe with 310t pitch. Sunk 28 miles SSW of (wi - 50.18.15N, 00.01W), U-boat then returned to sink Mary Annie; survivors made off in own boat, also picked up by SS Presto at 1300, both crews transferred to torpedo boat or destroyer, landed at Newhaven (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
St George's Channel

Two vessels sunk by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck):

ADENWEN, 3,793/1913, W & C T Jones SS Co, Cardiff-reg, 1-12pdr, 33 crew, Mr W Ladd, Cienfuegos/Queenstown for Liverpool with sugar. Torpedoed, sank 6 miles SE by E of North Arklow LV, off Co Wicklow (L - 6 miles SW by S of West Arklow LV; te/wi - in 52.36N, 05.37W); 10 crew lost (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)

BRANDON, barque, 130/1862, J Crooks, Barrow-reg, sailing Portmadoc for Waterford with slates. Originally listed as possibly lost on the 25th (L - 25th), reported sunk by U-boat presumably in St George's Channel area but not known how. Now confirmed sunk by UC.65 off Codling Bank; 4 lives lost including master (H/L/Lr/un)
       
Atlantic off SW England

Manhattan (1), passenger ship, 8,004/1898, National SS Co, Belfast, armed. Gun attack W of Scillies, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

BAYNAEN, 3,227/1904, Bay SS Co, London-reg, armed, Tegal/Dakar for Havre/Nantes with sugar. Torpedoed by UC.36 (Gustav Buch), sank 20 miles NW by W of Belle Ile (L/te - in 47.30N, 03.41W); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Mediterranean

Thessalia, 3,691/1912, International Line SS Co (Marwood), Whitby, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

QUEEN EUGENIE, 4,358/1909, Dunlop SS Co, armed, New York for Calcutta with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.67 (Karl Neumann), sank 23 miles NNE of Cani Rocks, off Bizerta, Tunisia; 35 lives lost including master, apprentice and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)RN CAS

BERBERA, 4,352/1905, British India Steam Navigation Co, Sunderland-reg, armed, Bombay for Marseilles with cotton, grain and manganese ore. Torpedoed by U.64 (Robert Moraht), sank 60 miles E of Catania, Sicily (L - 37.32N, 15.08E); one life lost, 2nd officer and two cadets taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)



Monday, 26 March 1917

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Kelsomoor, 3,174/1914, Moor Line (Runciman), London. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Loos, 2,787/1901, Union Shipping & Trading Co. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Trecarne, 4,196/1915, Hain SS Co, St Ives. Chased, escaped (H/ms)

Tremorvah, 3,654/1905, Hain SS Co, St Ives. Torpedo missed. Sunk 11 April 1917 (H/ms)    
   
Central Mediterranean

LEDBURY, 3,046/1892, Alexander Shipping, armed, Karachi for UK (te - Italy) with barley, maize and peas. Torpedoed by UB.43 (Hans von Mellenthin), sank 90 miles N by E of Ben Ghazi/Benghazi, Libya; 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)



Tuesday, 27 March 1917
   
North Sea

GALATIA, trawler, 150/1896, Great Grimsby & East Coast Steam Fishing Co, Grimsby-reg, Skipper E Fenner, fishing. (H – 28th) – Captured by UC.77 (Reinhard von Rabenau), sunk by bomb 30 miles SSW of Buchan Ness, near Peterhead (wi - in 57N, 02W) (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)

Irish Sea

KELVINHEAD, 3,063/1905, Glasgow SS Co, Glasgow-reg, armed, Mr H Colley, sailing Clyde/Liverpool for Buenos Aires with general cargo. Mined, laid by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sank in Mersey estuary  1/2 m WSW of Liverpool Bar LV (wi - 250yd SW of Q.2 Buoy, in 53.31.36N, 03.14.54W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

One, possibly two steamships attacked by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg) off The Skelligs rocks, off Co Kerry:

HOLGATE, 2,604/1896, London & Northern SS Co, London-reg, 1-12pdr, 26 crew, Mr W Williams, Almeria for Barrow with 3,900t iron ore, one passenger, steaming at 8kts. Torpedoed by U.57, sank 10 miles NW of (L/wi - 12 miles W of; te - in 51.43N, 10.48W); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un/wi)

Ventura de Larrinaga, 4,618 (ms – 4,648)/1908, Miguel de Larrinaga SS Co, Liverpool, armed, sailing Galveston for Manchester with general cargo. U-boat gun attack 10 miles N of Great Skelligs, escaped, damaged according to Lloyds, put into Cahirsiveen. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L/ms)
__________

NEATH, 5-mast auxiliary steel barque, 5,548/1906, was Bremerhaven-reg, detained at Hull on outbreak of war, requisitioned by Admiralty, London-reg, 46 crew, sailing Mauritius for Havre with 7,100t sugar. Torpedoed by U.66 (Thorwald von Bothmer), sank 28 miles S by E of Fastnet (L - 30 miles SE; wi - in 51 N, 09.15W); master taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/un/wi)   

GLENOGLE, 7,682/1916, Glen Line Ltd, armed, sailing Tees/London for Yokohama with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.24 (Walter Remy), sank 207 miles SW of Fastnet (L/te - in 48.20N, 12W) (H/L/te/un)
 
Baron Napier, 4,943/1909, Hogarth Shipping Co, Ardrossan, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off NW France

Andree, 3,689/1916, Green Star Shipping Co, Cardiff. U-boat attack off Ushant, torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Bay of Biscay

THRACIA, 2,891/1898, Cunard SS Co, armed, Bilbao for Ardrossan with iron ore. Torpedoed by UC.69 (Erwin Wassner), sank 12 miles N of Belle Ile (L/te - in 47.32.30N, 03.19W); 36 lives lost including master (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un)
       
Le Coq, tanker, 3,419 (ms – 3,399)/1895, H F Swan (Lane & MacAndrew), Newcastle. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Kurmark, ex-German, 5,137/1912, presumably British Government, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)



Wednesday, 28 March 1917

North Sea
   
RUBY (1), 234/1882, William Cooper, Kirkwall-reg, 7 crew, Mr W Meason, Leith for Kirkwell with general cargo. (L/wi - 29th) - Mined around 1010, laid by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), sank 2 1/2 m from Auskerry island, S of Stronsay island, Orkneys (wi - in 59.04N, 02.35.30W); 6 lives lost including master. The only survivor was a deckhand working in the ship’s galley who jumped into the sea, got into the ship’s boat which had floated off, picked up by patrol vessel 30min later and landed at Kirkwall (H/L/un/wi)
   
MOULMEIN, trawler, 151/1895, Devon Steam Trawling, Fleetwood-reg, fishing. Captured by UC.77 (Einhard von Rabenau), scuttled 25 miles NE from Longstone, Farne Is (H/L/Lr/fd/un)
   
HERO (1), steam screw tug, 66grt, Tees Tug, 4 crew, sailing Sunderland for Middlesbrough. Heading out of Sunderland, mined at 1500, laid by UC.40 (Gustav Deuerlich), sank in six minutes at entrance to River Wear (wi - in 54.55N, 01.21W); the master was below at the time and never seen again, another tug took off the rest of the crew, searched for the master for an hour, then landed survivors at Middlesbrough (H/L/un/wi)

OAKWELL, 248/1887, United Glass Bottle Manufacturer's, Stockton-reg, 9 crew, Mr W Chilvers, Seaham Harbour for London with empty glass bottles. Originally believed mined, U-boat-laid, now torpedoed by UB.22 (Bernhard Putzier) at 1140, sank rapidly 3 miles NE of North Cheek, Robin Hood Bay, S of Whitby (wi - in 54.25.16N, 00.25.04W); 4 crew lost, master and four crew stayed afloat on wreckage, picked up by British destroyer, landed at North Shields (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
 
EXPEDIENT, 145/1893, Hull-reg H219, Great Northern SS Fishing. Originally listed as reportedly captured by U-boat, not known how sunk or when (H - listed with other trawlers at end of April; L – 12 April but uncertain), now confirmed sunk by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs) on this date off English East Coast, but not known where (H/L/Lr/hw/un)

St George's Channel
       
Four British vessels (and an Admiralty collier) sunk by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck):

ARDGLASS (1), 778/1914, Ard Coasters, Greenock-reg, 12 crew, Mr N McQuarrie, Port Talbot for Belfast with steel material, bar/rod/sheet, steaming at 9kts. (L - 27th) - Captured, sunk by bombs 4 miles E of South Arklow LV, Co Wicklow (L - c4 miles SSW of; te - in 52.41N, 05.51W; wi - 4 miles SSW of) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
SOUTH ARKLOW LIGHTVESSEL, Irish Lights Commissioners, Dublin-reg, 7 crew, at moorings. Boarded from UC.65, sunk by bombs 10 miles SE by S 1/2 S of (L/wi - 3 miles SSW of South Arklow Bank, in 52.40N, 05.58W) (H/L/un/wi)   

HARVEST HOME, schooner, 103/1882, G Devereux, Wexford-reg, 5 crew, Mr J Carrall, sailing Wexford for Garston with timber. Captured, sunk by gunfire 4 miles NE of South Arklow Bank (wi - in 52.38N, 05.52W) (H/L/Lr/wi)

SNOWDON RANGE, 4,662/1906, Neptune Steam Navigation Co (Furness Withy & Co), armed, sailing Philadelphia for Liverpool with explosives and general cargo. Torpedoed, sunk 25 miles W of Bardsey Island (un – in 52.36N, 05.34W); 4 lives lost (H/un)
__________
   
Borderer, 4,372/1904, Border Union SS co (Little), Glasgow, armed. Gun attack, escaped under cover of nightfall. Lost in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

CANNIZARO, 6,133/1914, Wilson Line, Hull-reg, armed, New York for Hull with government stores, general cargo. Torpedoed by U.24 (Walter Remy), sank 145 miles SSW of Fastnet (L/te - in 49N, 10W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland
 
Kurdistan, 3,720/1914, Hindustan SS Co (Common Bros), Sunderland, armed. Two torpedoes missed. Sunk 20 September 1917 (H/ms)


 
Thursday, 29 March 1917

North Sea

KATHLEEN LILY, ex-Eidsvaag, ex-Alban, ex-Adelaer, ex-Bjorn, ex-Jemtland, ex-Brage, 521/1872, Bargate SS Co, Grimsby-reg, 14 crew, sailing Shields for Boulogne/Rouen with coke. Mined, laid by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank 2 miles E of North Cheek, Robin Hood Bay, Yorkshire (L - 2 1/2  to 3 miles N of Robin Hood’s Bay; te - in 54.27.30N, 00.28W; wi - 54.28.26N, 00.27.13W); 4 crew lost including master. Note: an example of the many name and ownership changes some vessels went through (H/L/te/un/wi)

BYWELL, 1,522/1913, Screw Collier Co, Newcastle-reg, 1-6pdr, 20 crew, Mr W Chipchase, Shields for Rouen with coal, steaming at 8kts. Torpedoed by UB.21 (Franz Walther) at 1340, sank in 6min, 3 miles E of Scarborough ( L - 3 miles ESE of; te - in 54.17N, 00.18W; wi - 54.15.51N, 00.13.33W); crew picked up by armed trawler at 1515 and landed at Scarborough (H/L/te/un/wi)
 
MASCOTA, 674/1890, was Marina Mercante, Bahia Blanca, Argentina-reg, 1-6pdr HA, 14 crew, Mr P Consiglieri, Treport for Newcastle in ballast. (L - 28th/29th; wi - 28th) - Captured by German torpedo boat/destroyer, sunk 8 miles E of Lowestoft, Suffolk (wi - in 52.29.01N, 01.57.52E), presumably by gunfire or scuttling charges; 7 crew lost, 7 taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/dk/wi)
       
English Channel

CONOID, schooner, 165/1865, Whitstable Shipping Co, Faversham-reg, sailing Fowey for Rouen with china clay. Captured by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sunk by gunfire 3 miles N of Cape Barfleur, near Cherbourg (L - 3 1/2 m N of Barfleur Light) (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland
   
Two steamships torpedoed and sunk by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg) off Hook Point, Co Wexford:

LINCOLNSHIRE, 3,965/1899, Helmsdale SS Co, Glasgow-reg, Mr E Hart, New York for Havre with 5,500t general cargo, including copper ingots, brass bar/rod/sheet, zinc and other metals, steaming at 10kts. Sank 8 miles SW by S of (L/wi - 8 miles S 36 W of; te - in 52N, 07W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

CRISPIN, 3,965/1907, Booth SS Co, Liverpool-reg, 1-12pdr, 112 crew, Mr G Trinick, Norfolk (Va)/Newport News for Avonmouth with 700 horses for military use in France. Sank 14 miles S of (te/wi - in 51.54N, 06.49W); 8 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), torpedoes missed:

Geo, 3,048/1915, Preston Steam Navigation Co (Becker), London. Sunk 29 January 1918 (H/ms)

Khiva, passenger & cargo ship, 8,947/1914, Peninsular & Oriental Steam navigation Co (P&O), Liverpool (H/ms)



Friday, 30 March 1917

North Sea

PETREL (2), trawler, 151/1893, J Hall, Sunderland-reg SD5, hired 8/14 as minesweeper, returned to fishing 11/14, fishing. Captured by UC.77 (Reinhard von Rabenau), sunk by gunfire 120 miles E of Aberdeen (L/un - in 57N, 01.30E) (H/L/Lr/D/un)

HARBERTON, 1,443/1894, Cory Colliers Ltd, sailed Blyth 29th for London with coal, went missing, posted by Lloyds 9/5/17. Originally believed torpedoed, possibly on the 30th, now confirmed mined, laid by UC.31 (Otto von Scharder); 15 lives lost including master, no survivors (H/L/te/un)
   
Amsterdam (1), passenger ship, 1,777 (ms – 1,745)/1894, Great Eastern Railway Co, Harwich. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
English Channel
       
Edernian, 3,588/1906, SS Demetian & Ordovician Co (O & W Williams & Co), Cardiff, armed, sailing Havre for Cardiff in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.71 (Hans Valentiner) 3 1/2 m NE of St Valery, damaged, towed into Dieppe on 31st. Sunk 20 August 1917 (H/L/ms/un)

SOMME, 1,828/1916, Normandy Shipping, armed, sailing Newport (Mon) for Rouen with coal. (L - 29th) - Torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sank 20 miles E by N of Cape Barfleur, Cherbourg peninsular (te - in 49.48N, 00.41W); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
 
Parklands, 1,607grt, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (ms – believed 1,689/1880, R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool. Lost in WW2) (H/ms)

Indian Ocean
       
DEE, 3-mast iron barque, 1,169/1885, Le Nouveau Chantier, Port Louis-reg, Mr John Rugg, sailing Port Louis for Bunbury in ballast. (kp - 31st) - Captured by raider Wolf, sunk by bombs 410 miles W by S true of Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia (H/L/Lr/Mn/kp)



Saturday, 31 March 1917
   
North Sea

Two steamships attacked by aircraft, bombs missed:

Amulet, 1,018/1876, Dutch-owned, presumably chartered by British Government. Sunk in collision 14 March 1918 (H/ms)    

Quentin, 1,274/1892, G Gibson & Co (H/ms)    

English Channel
   
Five vessels attacked by UB.32 (Max Viebeg):

Gloucester Castle, hospital ship, ex-passenger & cargo ship, 7,999/1911, Union Castle Mail SS Co, London. (L - 30th-31st) - Torpedoed and badly damaged, Isle of Wight area, towed into Portsmouth; 3 lives lost. Sunk in WW2 (H/L/Mn/ge/me/ms/tr/un)

ENDYMION, sailing vessel, 67grt. (H – 30th) – originally reported sunk by U-boat, but not known how, confirmed by UB.32, 32 miles SE of Start Point; 4 lives lost including master (H/un)

BOAZ, wood ketch, 111/1908, J Harvey, Ipswich, sailing Ouistreham for Poole in ballast. Captured, sunk by bombs 15 miles NE of Cape Barfleur, near Cherbourg (H/L/Lr/un)

GIPPESWIC (un – Gippeswie), wood ketch, 116/1912, F B Garnham, Ipswich, sailing Caen for Poole in ballast. Captured, sunk by bombs 15 miles NE of Cape Barfleur, near Cherbourg (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Queen Louise, cargo ship, 4,879/1912, Dunlop SS Co, Glasgow, armed, sailing Philadelphia for Dunkirk with locomotives and steel billets. Torpedoed 3 miles N of Cape Barfleur, arrived Havre on 1/4/17 (H/L/ms/un)
__________
   
PRIMROSE (3), schooner, 113/1886, J Gordon, Southampton-reg, sailing Granville for Fowey in ballast. Sunk by gunfire of UC.71 (Hans Valentiner) 35 miles SE of Start Point, Devon; one life lost (H/L/Lr/Mn/un)
   
Valacia, cargo ship, 6,526/1910, Cunard SS Co, armed, London for Portland (Me) with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.59 (Wilhelm von Fircks) 5 miles S19ºE true of Eddystone LH (un – 50.06N, 04.15W), damaged, towed into Plymouth 1 April. Sunk in WW2 (H/L/ms/un)

Three more steamships attacked by U-boat(s):       

Parklands, 1,607grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (ms – believed 1,689/1880, R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool. Lost in WW2) (H/ms)

Penmorvah, 4,323/1913, Penmorvah SS Co (Chellew), Falmouth. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Sofie, 354/1907, Stephenson Clarke & Co, London. Gun attack, saved by weather. Sunk 2 February 1918 (H/ms)

Bristol Channel

BRAEFIELD, 427/1892, Bray SS Co, Dublin-reg, sailed Cork 30th for Cardiff in ballast, passed Roches Point same day, went missing, posted by Lloyds 9/5/17, “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by submarine in the Bristol Channel”. Originally listed as possibly torpedoed, possibly on the 31st, now confirmed sunk by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg) off Milford Haven, West Wales; 10 lives lost including master (H/L/Lr)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

Ocean Monarch, 4,511/1904, Monarch SS Co (Raeburn & Verel), Glasgow, armed. Torpedo failed to explode (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Ariosto, 4,313/1910, Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Central Mediterranean

BRODNESS, 5,736/1894, Blue Star Line, London-reg, armed, sailing Genoa for Port Said/Nankin in ballast. Torpedoed by UC.38 (Alfred Klatt), sank 5 miles WNW of Port Anzio, S of Rome (H/L/te/un)    



 

APRIL 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in April: 169 merchant ships totalling 545,282grt - 155 of 516,394grt to submarines, 14 of 28,888grt to mines, plus 41 fishing vessels totalling 5,920grt, all to submarines (H).

Allied and Neutral nations, in total, suffered equally. Uboat.net lists 474 ships sunk and 30 damaged in April - 251 British and 10 American, 1 Argentine, 4 Belgian, 1 Brazilian, 36 Danish, 2 Egyptian, 1 Finnish, 32 French, 16 Greek, 48 Italian, 8 Dutch, 68 Norwegian, 5 Portuguese, 9 Russian, 6 Spanish, 5 Swedish and 1 Uruguayan.

U-boat Warfare - First successful directional hydrophones or passive listening sonar issued to Auxiliary Patrol bases in April; first hydrophone-equipped Motor Launch hunting flotillas established in June. Development started in 1915 at the Hawkcraig Experimental Station which came under the new Anti-Submarine Division at the end of 1916. Even by January 1917 the Admiralty was still waiting for a suitable hydrophone but by the end of the year, they were being fitted to large number of vessels. Although not very reliable, they remained the only operational method for locating submerged submarines.


Sunday, 1 April 1917

Austro-Hungarian submarine U.XXX went missing either in Straits of Otranto or between Malta and Crete during the month
   
English Channel

SILVIA (2), 3-mast schooner, 164/1871, W R Tyzzer, Fowey-reg, 5 crew, Mr J Pappin, Par via St. Helens for Rouen with china clay, close hauled on starboard tack at 4 1/2 kts. Captured by UB.39 (Heinrich Küstner), sunk by bombs 15 miles SSE of the Owers LV, off Selsey Bill (L - in 50.19N, 00.28W; wi - in 50.26.25N, 00.31W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
       
EASTERN BELLE, ketch barge (wi - Thames spritsail barge), 97/1883, England & Continental Shipping Co, London-reg, Mr T Jarrett, Portsmouth for Cherbourg with pitch. Captured by UC.72 (Ernst Voigt), sunk by bombs 30 miles SW of St Catherine's Point, IoW (wi - in 50.08N, 01.40W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Western Mediterranean

KASENGA, 4,652/1907, Ellerman & Bucknall SS Co, armed, Newport News for Marseilles with general cargo. Torpedoed by unknown submarine, sank 2 miles from Hormigas Rock, Cape de Palos, E of Cartagena, Spain (L - 1 1/2 m E of) (H/L/te/un)

Central Mediterranean

WARREN, 3,709/1899, A D Axarlis, London, armed, sailing Karachi for Civitavecchia/Spezia with grain and general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.38 (Alfred Klatt), sank 20 miles SW of Civita Vecchia, NW of Rome; 3 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
           

Monday, 2 April 1917

North Sea

LORD SCARBOROUGH, trawler, 158/1897, Beacon Steam Fishing, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured by UB.35 (Rudolf Gebeschus), scuttled 100 miles E of May Is, Firth of Forth (H/L/Lr/gy/un)
   
Bay of Biscay

Wandby, 3,981/1899, R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Bilbao for Newport with iron ore. Gun attack (L - in 44.32N, 10.36W), saved by own gunfire, listed as damaged in Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L/Mn/ms)

Central Mediterranean

BRITANNIA (3), 3,129/1885, Papayanni Line, Liverpool-reg, armed, sailing Alexandria for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.65 (Hermann von Fischel), sank 22 miles WNW of Pantellaria Is (L/te - in 36.35N, 11.28E); master and wireless operator taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

       

Tuesday, 3 April 1917
   
Bay of Biscay

ELLEN JAMES, 3-mast schooner, 165/1904, J Jones, Carnarvon-reg, sailing Huelva for Penryn with pyrites. Captured by UC.71 (Hans Valentiner), sunk by gunfire W of Ushant; 5 lives lost including master (H/L/Lr/un)
       
Mediterranean

Brodliffe, passenger & cargo ship, 5,893 (ms – 5,576)/1898, Blue Star Line, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
       
Central Mediterranean
 
ARDGASK, 4,542/1917, SS Ardgarry Co, Greenock-reg, armed, Bombay for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld del la Perière), sank about 15 miles SW of Cape Rosello, near Agrigento, Sicily; one life lost (H/L/te/un)
 
Two steamships damaged by UC.22 (Heino von Heimburg) off Cape Bon, Tunisia:

Cloughton, 4,221/1911, London & Northern SS Co (Pyman Bros), London, armed. Mined, laid off Cape Bon, Tunisia, towed in (H/ms/un)

Oberon, tanker, 5,142/1907, Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co (ms – Bear Creek Oil & Shipping Co (Bowring), Liverpool until 1917, then renamed Argonauta, owned by Anglo-Saxon/Shell), armed, sailing Toulon for Port Said in ballast. Torpedoed 8 miles NNE true of Cap Bon, arrived Malta on 6th (H/L/ms/un)
   


Wednesday, 4 April 1917

North Sea

Two trawlers on fishing grounds captured and sunk by UB.35 (Rudolf Gebeschus):

GIBRALTAR, 188/1908, Hull Steam Fishing & Ice, Hull-reg H1000, Skipper W H Cranwick. Sunk by bomb 20 miles ENE of Rattray Head, near Peterhead (wi - in 57.44N, 01.14W) (H/L/Lr/hw/un/wi)

MAGGIE ROSS, 183/1901, Ross Steam Trawler Fishing, Aberdeen-reg, Skipper P Quinlan, sailed Aberdeen for fishing. Sunk by gunfire 70 miles NE of Aberdeen (wi - between 60 and 70 miles NE of Girdle Ness) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW England

HUNSTANTON, 4,504/1903, The Admiralty, London-reg, armed, Geelong for London with wheat (wi - serving as Admiralty collier). Torpedoed by UC.30 (Heinrich Stenzler), sank 36 miles W of Scillies (te - in 49.50N, 07.40W; wi - in 50N, 07W) (H/L/te/wi)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

Hyacinthus, 5,756/1902, British & South American Steam Navigation Co (Houston), Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Atlantic

Southerndown, 4,431/1915, St Andrews (Cardiff) Ltd (R E Morel), London. Chased, escaped (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off NW France

Kanawha, 3,884 (ms – 3,886)/1893, Chesapeake & Ohio SS Co, Liverpool, armed. Gun attack off Ushant, escaped (H/ms)
                   
Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Dundrennan, 4,248/1912, Scottish Navigation Co (Glen & Co), Glasgow. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/Mn/ms)

Queensland Transport, 4,663 (ms – 4,669)/1913, Empire Transportation Co (Houlder Bros), Newcastle. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Western Mediterranean

PARKGATE, 3,232/1906, Turnbull, Scott, armed, sailing Malta for Gibraltar in ballast. Captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld del la Perière), sunk by bombs 80 miles NE of Cap de Fer, NE of Phillipeville, Algeria (L/te - in 38.12N, 08.10E; ge - S of Sicily); 16 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/ge/te/un)
   
NW Mediterranean

CITY OF PARIS, passenger ship, 9,239/1907, City Line Ltd, Glasgow-reg, armed, Karachi for Marseilles/Liverpool with passengers, general cargo, warned that U-boats were in the area and zigzagging at the time. Torpedoed by UC.35 (Ernst von Voigt; ge/wd - by U.52, returning to Germany), U-boat surfaced and started shelling as she was being abandoned, then fired second torpedo, sank 46 miles S by E of Cap d’Antibes, near Nice (L/wd - in 42.47N, 07.56E; un – 42.54N, 07.38E)); 122 lives lost including 2 MN stewardess', everyone on board, French patrols arrived 36 hours later, found three boats with 29 dead Lascars in them, another drifted ashore with 12 dead, two boats never heard of again (H/L/dk/ge/te/tr/un/wd)

   

Thursday, 5 April 1917
   
English Channel

GOWER COAST, 804/1899, Ford Shipping, sailed Tyne 31/3/17 for Tréport with coal, at Boulogne on 4th, went missing, posted by Lloyds 23/5/17, “presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by mine in the Channel”. Originally believed mined, possibly on the 5th (te – 4th) of Tréport, near Dieppe, now listed as believed mined, laid by UC.71 (Hans Valentiner); 15 lives lost including master (H/L/te)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

CANADIAN (1), passenger ship, 9,309 (ms – 9,301)/1900, Leyland Line, Liverpool-reg, 1-4in QF, 154 crew including 65 American horsemen, Mr W Bullock, Boston (Mass) for Liverpool with horses, 9,000t general cargo, steaming at 12kts. (L/wi - 4th) - Torpedoed by U.59 (Wilhelm von Fircks), sank 47 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L - 45 miles W of; te - in 51.36N 10.48W; wi - 51.32N, 10.45W); master lost his life (H/L/ms/un/wi)

BENHEATHER, 4,701/1913, Steam Transport Co, Liverpool-reg, armed, Halifax (NS) for Cherbourg/Falmouth with timber. Torpedoed by U.46 (Leo Hillebrand), sank 110 miles WNW of Fastnet (L - 140 miles SW of; te - in 51.20N, 12.30W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Mediterranean

Kangaroo (1), 4,348/1915, Government of Western Australia, Fremantle, armed, sailing Barry for Port Said with coal. (L - 5 March) - Gun attack, saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged. Sunk in WW2 (H/L/Mn/ms)

Central Mediterranean

CALLIOPE (1), 3,829/1901, Gladstone & Co, West Hartlepool-reg, armed, sailing Barry for Malta with coal. Torpedoed by U.65 (Hermann von Fischel), sank 35 miles SW of Ustica Is, off NW Sicily; 6 lives lost including master, 1st, 2nd officers, 3rd engineer taken prisoner (H/L/dk/te/un)



Friday, 6 April 1917

United States declared war on Germany

U.22 damaged in British minefield in North Sea off Horns Reef off Denmark, decommissioned
   
North Sea

Two Grimsby-reg trawlers on fishing grounds captured by UC.27 (Gerhard Schulz) and sunk by gunfire off North Ronaldshay island, NE Orkneys:   

NARBERTH CASTLE, 168/1898, W Richmond. Sunk 30 miles NNW of Dennis Head (H/L/Lr/gy/un)

NESTOR, 176/1898, Orient Steam Fishing, GY466, sailed Grimsby for fishing and return. Sunk 20 miles NW by N 1/2 N of (wi - in 59.39N, 02.47W) (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)
__________

Two trawlers on fishing grounds captured by UB.35 (Rudolf Gebeschus) and sunk by bombs off Kinnairds Head, Fraserburgh:

LORD KITCHENER, 158/1899, A Walker, Aberdeen-reg, Skipper J Morrice. (wi - 6 May) - Sunk c45 miles N by E of (wi - in 58.25N, 01.50W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

RECTO, 177/1904, G J Sleight, Grimsby-reg (wi - also Grimsby-reg, but numbered ST177 for Stockton), Skipper W Bons. Sunk c45 miles N by E of (wi - 45 miles W by E of, in 56.26N, 01.55W) (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)   
__________

PRESTO, 1,143/1905, Pelton SS Co, Newcastle-reg, 1-6pdr, Mr Lowery, London for Newcastle in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.40 (Gustav Deuerlich), sank 4 miles E of Roker Point, Sunderland (L -  1/2 m E by N of Roker LH; wi - in 54.56.15N, 01.15W); 6 crew killed by explosion (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

VINE BRANCH, 3,442/1896, Nautilus SS Co, 44 crew, armed, sailed Dakar 23/3/17 for Liverpool with nitrate (te - from Valparaiso with nitrate and frozen meat), went missing, no trace ever found, posted by Lloyds 4/7/17, originally considered possibly lost on 11th. Now confirmed torpedoed on the 6th by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) around 50N, 14W; 44 lives lost including master, no survivors (H/L/dk/ge/te/un)

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Ethelaric, 3,232/1917, Harrowing SS Co, Whitby. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Hillhouse, 3,049 (ms – 3,034)/1905, Seville & United Kingdom Carrying Co (J Cory), Cardiff. Torpedo/gun attack, torpedo missed, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Eastern Mediterranean

SPITHEAD, 4,697/1899, Clyde Shipping, armed, sailing Alexandria for Rangoon in ballast. (L - 5th) - Torpedoed by UC.34 (Robert Sprenger), sank 12 miles N by W of Damietta Light, E Nile delta (L/te - in c31.44N, 31.46E); one life lost, master and chief engineer taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off Canaries

Lime Branch, 5,379/1902, Nautilus SS Co (Ritson), Sunderland. Chased, escaped (H/ms)



Saturday, 7 April 1917
       
Irish Sea

Lapland, passenger & cargo ship, 18,565/1908, International Navigation Co (ms – Belgian-owned, presumably chartered by British Government), armed, sailing New York for Liverpool with general cargo. Mined, laid by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) off Liverpool Bar LV, damaged, reached port; 2 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)
   
Atlantic W of Ireland

SALMO, 1,721/1900, Wilson Line, armed, sailing Oporto for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sank 210 miles NW of Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork (L/te - in 52.30N, 14.40W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
Western Mediterranean

MAPLEWOOD, 3,239/1915, Joseph Constantine, armed, sailing La Goulette for West Hartlepool with iron ore. Captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld del la Perière), sunk by torpedo 47 miles SW of Cape Sperone, SW Sardinia (L - 25 miles off); master taken prisoner (H/L/ge/te/un)


   
Sunday, 8 April 1917

Atlantic off SW England

Carmarthenshire, passenger & cargo ship, 7,823/1915, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast, armed. Gun attack off entrance to English Channel, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/Mn/ms)
   
Atlantic W of NW France

Three armed steamships torpedoed and sunk by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner):

TORRINGTON, turret hull steamer, 5,597/1905, Tatem Steam Navigation Co (W J Tatem), Cardiff, sailing Savona for Barry Roads in ballast. (L - 9th) - Sank 150 miles SW of the Scillies (te - in 49.11N, 09.58W); 34 lives lost, master taken prisoner. Werner was on British list of war criminals for sinking Torrington without warning, progressed post-war as Naval Case No.11 but his whereabouts were unknown, case did not go to court (H/L/Mn/ge/os/te/un)

PETRIDGE, 1,712/1913, Power SS Co (J Power & Co), London, sailing Mogador for London with general cargo. Sank 200 miles WNW of Ushant island, off NW Britanny (L/te - in 48.41N, 10.10W); master and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)

UMVOTI, 2,616/1896, Natal Line (un – Bullard, King & Co, London), sailing Cape Town for London with general cargo. Sank 200 miles NW by W of Ushant island, off NW Britanny (L/te - in 48.48N, 10.15W); 4 lives lost, master and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)
           
Eastern Mediterranean

GEILAN BAHRI, sailing vessel, probably Egyptian, 19grt. Captured by UC.34 (Robert Sprenger), sunk by bomb 54 miles off Alexandria, W Nile delta (H/L/un)
   


Monday, 9 April 1917

 North Sea

KITTIWAKE, passenger ship, 1,866/1906, Cork SS Co, Cork, sailing Liverpool for Rotterdam with general cargo. Torpedoed by UB.31 (Thomas Bieber), sank 25 miles NW of the Maas LV near Hook of Holland (L/te - in 52.15N, 03.18E); 7 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
English Channel

Neto, 1,696/1882, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Lord Derby, 3,757/1905, J Herron & Co, Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed, attacker kept off with stern gun. Sunk 28 December 1917 (H/ms/wi)
 

Tuesday, 10 April 1917
   
North Sea

PLUTO, 1,266/1897, Bristol Steam Navigation Co, Bristol-reg, 19 crew, Mr H Muirhead, sailing Rotterdam for Bristol with general cargo. Torpedoed by UB.20 (Herman Glimpf), sank 32 miles SE by E of Lowestoft (L/te/wi - in 52.19N, 02.34E) (H/L/te/un/wi)

English Channel
   
Hospital ship (and attending patrol boat) mined in field laid by UC.26 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow):

SALTA, hospital ship, 7,284/1911, The Admiralty (Union Castle Mail SS Co), Southampton for Havre with medical staff and hospital stores, no patients on board. Sank  1/2 m N of Whistle Buoy, Havre Roads, Seine estuary; 79 lives lost including 1 MN stewardness (ge - total of 130 lives, including 5 officers and 37 other ranks RAMC, 9 nurses, as well as 79 crew listed in HMSO; un – 86 lost) (H/L/Mn/dk/ge/me/te/tr/un)

Central Mediterranean

DALTON, 3,486/1904, Webster & Barraclough, West Hartlepool-reg, armed, sailing Salonica for Malta in ballast. Torpedoed by Austrian U.XXIX (Leo Prásil), sank 25 miles S by W of Cape Matapan, Greece (L - 24 miles S11ºW of; te - in 36.00N, 22.40E); 3 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

       

Wednesday, 11 April 1917

North Sea

QUAGGY, 993/1904, South Metropolitan Gas Co, London-reg, 1-6pdr, 19 crew, Mr MacFarlane, sailing London for Tyne in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank 3 miles E of North Cheek, Robin Hood’s Bay, S of Whitby (L - 3 1/2 m E of; wi - in 54.28.11N, 00.25.55W); 2 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

Troilus (2), 7,625/1917, Ocean SS Co (Alfred Holt), Liverpool, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk 2 May 1917 (H/ms)

English Channel
   
Two vessels (and an Admiralty trawler) attacked by UC.26 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow) off Normandy:

DUCHESS of CORNWALL (2), 1,706/1889, Duchess of Cornwall SS Co (R B Chellew), Falmouth, armed, sailing London for Havre. Torpedoed, sank 5 miles N of Cape Barfleur; 23 lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un)

Branksome Hall, 4,262/1904, Ellerman Lines (Hall Line Ltd (ms – R Alexander)), Liverpool, armed, sailing Cork for Cherbourg with hay, oats. Torpedoed and damaged off Cherbourg (L - in 49.43N, 01.42W), towed into port. Sunk 14 July 1918 (H/L/Mn/ms/un)
__________

PRECEDENT, ketch-rigged sailing smack, c36/1912, Charles Stanley Howe, Brixham, Brixham-reg BM324, fishing. Captured by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger) 12 miles ESE of Berry Head, Brixham, submarine captain asked for fish before sinking her with bombs in 50.22N, 03.11W; crew towed in punt to a smack that was allowed to stay afloat (H/L/bm/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Cyclops, passenger & cargo ship, 9,033/1906, Ocean SS Co (Alfred Holt), Liverpool, armed. U-boat attack W of Scillies, torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Monsaldale, 2,805/1905, Dale SS Co (Lucas), Bristol, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen. Lost in collision 12 May 1917 (H/ms)
       
Western Mediterranean

MISS MORRIS, 3-mast schooner, 156/1896, W Morris, Carnarvon-reg, sailing Genoa for Malaga in ballast. Captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sunk by bomb 20 miles SE of Garrucha, SW of Cartagena, Spain (un – 36.57N, 01.50W) (H/L/Lr/un)

TREMORVAH, 3,654/1905, Hain SS Co (E Hain & Son), St Ives, armed, sailing Melbourne (te - Malta) for Gibraltar in ballast. Captured by U.65 (Hermann von Fischel), sunk by gunfire 70 miles NNW of Cape Bougaroni, near Philippeville, Algeria (L - in 38.05N, 05.45E; un – also 38.15N, 05.55E); master, chief engineer and two gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
       
Central Mediterranean

CYFARTHFA, 3,014/1904, Cyfartha SS Co (R E Morel Ltd), Cardiff-reg, armed, Oran for Salonica with hay, wine, general cargo. Torpedoed by UB.47 (Hans Hermann), sank 32 miles WSW of Cerigotto Is/Antikythira, off NW Crete (L - 35 miles SW by W of Cerigo Channel; un – 35.29N, 22.30E)); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
 
Eastern Mediterranean

IMPERIAL TRANSPORT, 4,648/1913, Empire Transport Co (Houlder Bros & Co), West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Port Said for Phillippeville in ballast. Torpedoed by UC.34 (Robert Sprenger), sank 140 miles NW by N 1/2 N of Alexandria (L/te - in 33.11N, 28.30E; un – also 33.16N, 28.35E)); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)



Thursday, 12 April 1917

North Sea

Eight trawlers fishing captured by UC.76 (Wilhelm Barten) and sunk by gunfire off NE Scotland, all crews allowed to abandon ship, no lives listed as lost:
   
EQUERRY, 168/1899, Great Northern Steam Ship Fishing, Hull-reg H36, Skipper C M Foot, from Hull. Sunk 35 miles NE of Kinnairds Head, Fraserburgh (L/wi - 30-35 miles NE of, in 58.09N, 01.17W) (H/L/Lr/hw/un/wi)   

FIFE NESS, 123/1897, T Davidson, Aberdeen-reg. Sunk 23 miles ENE of Fraserburgh (H/L/Lr/un)

CHINKIANG, 125/1896, J Craig Jnr, Aberdeen-reg, Skipper G W King, from Aberdeen. Sunk 30 miles NE of Buchan Ness, near Peterhead (wi - in 57.52N, 01.13W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
       
CALIBAN, 215/1911, Hellyers Steam Fishing, Hull-reg H313, Skipper H L Manthorpe. Sunk 45 miles NE by N of Rattray Head, N of Peterhead (wi - 8 miles NE 1/2 E of Kinnairds Head, in 57.47N, 01.49W) (H/L/Lr/hw/un/wi)
 
LARGO BAY, 125/1897, North Star Steam Fishing, Aberdeen-reg, Skipper A Craig, from Aberdeen. Sunk 30 miles NE by E of Buchan Ness (wi - in 57.45N, 01W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

CROWN PRINCE, c103/1890, J Strachan, Aberdeen-reg, Skipper W G Payne, from Aberdeen, in company with Lillian and Osprey following. Sunk 45 miles NE by E of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (wi - in 57.37N, 01W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
       
LILLIAN, 120/1894, A Clark, Banff-reg, Skipper J Christie, from Aberdeen. Sunk 45 miles NE by E of Girdle Ness (wi - in 57.37N, 01W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)   

OSPREY (3), 106/1883, L B Huss, Scarborough-reg, Skipper R Baxter, from Aberdeen. Sunk 45 miles NE by E of Girdle Ness (wi - in 57.37N, 01W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Eagle, trawler, 146/1891, Grimsby-reg GY378, fishing. Attacked by submarine, damaged 120 miles NE 1/2 E of River Tyne, towed to Hull on 15th. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (L/D)
   
English Channel

LISMORE, 1,305/1905, City of Cork Steam Packet Co, Cork, armed, sailing Rouen for Portishead in ballast. Torpedoed by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger), sank 22 miles NW by N 1/2 N of Havre, Seine estuary (L - 19 miles NW by N 1/2 N of Whistle Buoy; te - in 49.48N, 00.19W; un – 49.48N, 00.18W); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic W of NW France

TORO, 3,066/1904, Ellerman’s Wilson Line, Hull, armed, sailing Alexandria for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner), sank 200 miles WNW of Ushant (L/te - in 48.30N, 10W); 14 lives lost, master and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/ge/os/te/un)

Western Mediterranean

GLENCLIFFE, 3,673/1910, National SS Co (Fisher, Alimonda & Co), Whitby, armed, sailing Clyde for Genoa with coal and general cargo. Torpedoed by U.52 (Hans Walther), sank 2 1/2 m SE of Tabarca, S of Alicante, Spain (L - 2 1/2 m NW 1/2 W of; un – 38.07N, 00.22W); one life lost, chief engineer (un – Master) and two gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

Central Mediterranean

KILDALE, 3,830/1906, Rowland & Marwood SS Co (Headlam & Rowland), Whitby, armed, sailing Barry for Malta with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.32 (Kurt Hartwig), sank 40 miles E by S of Pantellaria island between Tunisia & Sicily (L - 25 to 30 miles NE of; un – 36.44N, 12.32E); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   


Friday, 13 April 1917

North Sea

ZARA, 1,331/1897, Ellerman’s Wilson Line, Hull, armed, sailing London for Trondhjem/Drontheim in ballast. Torpedoed by U.30 (Franz Grünert), sank 90 miles W 1/2 W of Hellisos, Fedje island, S of Sognefiord (L/te - in 60.08N, 01.52E; un – also 60.14N, 01.55E); 27 lives lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   
Two trawlers attacked by UC.41 (Kurt Bernis) off St Abb’s Head, SE Scotland:   

STORK, trawler, 152/1893, Dundee Fishing, Dundee-reg, Skipper T Henry, sailed Dundee for fishing & return. Captured, sunk by bombs 20 miles E 1/2 S of (wi - in 55.54N, 01.34W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Breadalbane, trawler, 112/1891, Granton-reg GN32, fishing. Attacked and damaged (un – sunk) about 16 miles off, towed to Granton on 16th (L/D/un)

English Channel

MARIA, schooner, 175/1865, W V Kellow, Fowey-reg, Mr W Lewis, Glasgow/Fowey for Cherbourg with coal. Captured by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger), sunk by bombs 25 miles S by W of Portland Bill, Dorset (wi - in 50.05.35N, 02.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off Orkneys

STRATHCONA, 1,881/1900, Canada Steamship Lines, Hamilton, Ontario, sailing Tyne for Marseilles with coal. Captured by U.78 (Otto Dröscher), sunk by bombs 145 miles WNW of Ronaldshay (L - 145 miles NNW of; te - in 59.35N, 05.49W); 9 lives lost, master, chief and 3rd engineers taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

off NW Scotland

Echunga, tanker (ms – cargo ship), 4,589/1907, Adelaide SS Co, London, armed. Gun attack, rescued. Admiralty chartered oiler when sunk 5 September 1917 (H/Lr/ms)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

BANDON, 1,456/1910, City of Cork Steam Packet Co, Cork-reg, 1-3pdr, 32 crew, Mr P Kelly, sailing Liverpool for Cork with 1,050t general cargo, proceeding at 12 1/2 kts. Originally believed torpedoed (te - by UC.33), now mined in field laid by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns) on 6 March 1917, sank 2 1/2 m SW of Mine Head, Co Waterford (te - in 51.56N, 07.36W; wi - 2 1/2 m SW of, in 51.57.58N, 07.38.15W); 28 crew lost (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW England/W of NW France

Two cargo steamships torpedoed by U.84 (Walter Roehr):

ARGYLL, 3,547/1901, Sutherland SS Newcastle-reg, (ms –Routhi SS Co (Lykiardopulo & Co), London), armed, sailing Port Kelah for Middlesbrough with iron ore. Sank 110 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (te - in 49.23N, 09.07W); 22 lives lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Lime Branch, 5,379/1902, Nautilus SS Co (Ritson), Sunderland, sailing Callao for London with nitrate and general cargo. Damaged W of Ushant (L - in 48.27N, 08.30W), arrived Plymouth (H/L/Mn/un)

Atlantic W of NW France

KARIBA, 3,697/1904, Unison SS Co (R Gordon & Co), London, armed, sailing Java/Dakar for Falmouth with sugar. Torpedoed by UC.27 (Gerhard Schultz), sank 260 miles WNW of Ushant (L/te - in 48.30N, 11.28W); 13 lives lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)



Saturday, 14 April 1917

Shetlands

ANDROMACHE, trawler, 313/1914, A & M Smith Ltd (J I Wright), Grimsby-reg, sailing Hull for Iceland fishing grounds. Originally listed as some time in April - Captured, not known how sunk, listed by HMSO at end of April (L - 12th, “off Portland (Iceland)”); skipper taken prisoner. Confirmed by uboat.net as sunk by U.78 (Otto Dröscher) W of Shetlands; no lives lost (H/L/Lr/gy/un)

North Sea

SPRAY, 1,072/1891, Ellis & McHardy, Aberdeen-reg, 17 crew, Mr C Lawrence, sailing Aberdeen for Sunderland in ballast, steaming at 10kts. Mined, laid by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank 3 1/2 m NE of Tyne Pier, Tynemouth (wi - in 55.04.03N, 01.18.56W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
English Channel

Ajana, passenger & cargo ship, 7,759/1912, Australind SS Co (Trinder, Anderson), London, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

St George's Channel

HERMIONE, passenger ship, 4,011/1891, British & South American Steam Navigation Co (R P Houston & Co), Liverpool-reg, 1-4.7in, 43 crew, Mr J Morrison, sailing Buenos Aires for Liverpool with 57 horses and 4,000t general cargo, steaming at 11kts. Mined, laid by UC.33 (Martin Schelle), sank 1 1/2 m S of Coningbeg LV, SE of Waterford Harbour (wi - in 52N, 06.39W) (un – beached in Dunmore Bay, near Waterford, total loss and broken up) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off NW France

Tarantia, 4,754/1911, Kirkfield SS Co (Cuthbertson), Glasgow, armed. U-boat attack W of Ushant, torpedo missed. Scuttled in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic W of Gibraltar

PATAGONIER, 3,832/1910, Brys & Glysen Ltd, London, sailing Gibraltar for Kingston (Ja) in ballast. Captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sunk by gunfire 135 miles W of Gibraltar (L/te - in 36N, 09W); master taken prisoner. Note: because of shortage of guns at this time, ships leaving Gibraltar for North American ports were ordered to dismount their guns, Patagonier was thus unarmed (H/L/ge/te/un)
   
Mediterranean

Boveric, 4,445/1906, Bank Line (Andrew Weir), Glasgow, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)



Sunday, 15 April 1917

North Sea

Two Boston-reg trawlers owned by Boston Deep Sea Fishing & Ice Co and on fishing grounds, captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns) and sunk with bombs:

SUTTERTON, 160/1893. Sunk 65 miles ESE of St Abb's Head, SE Scotland (L - in 55.45N, 00.15W); one life lost (H/L/Lr/un)

DALMATIAN, 186/1900, BN83, hired 1/15 as auxiliary patrol vessel, returned to fishing 2/15. (L - on 30th, initially missing, posted by Lloyds 27/6/17); 9 lives lost including Skipper (H/L/Lr/D/un)
__________

BROTHERTOFT, trawler, 155/1891, Boston Deep Sea Fishing & Ice, Boston-reg, on fishing grounds. Fate originally unknown, listed by HMSO with two other trawlers at the end of April. Uboat.net confirms sunk on 15th by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader) in c55.50N, 01.30E (H/Lr/un)
   
Adala (probably Adalia), 3,847/1899, Papayanni SS Co, Liverpool, armed. Gun attack, saved by the weather (SS Adalia, same tonnage and probably same vessel, sunk 29 July 1917 confirmed by Miramar ship Index) (H/ms)

Dover Straits

ALERT (2), lighthouse tender, 777/1911, The Corporation of Trinity House, London-reg, sailing London for Dover, on loan to Dover Patrol for anchor work for net and mine barrages. Mined, laid by unknown UC-boat off Dover (L/un - 3 1/2 m ESE of No.7 Ruytingen Buoy, off Calais); 11 lives lost (H/L/ge/te/un)

in Bay of Biscay

GRETASTON, 3,395/1901, Ellaston SS, armed, sailed Huelva 11th for Garston with copper ore, went missing, posted by Lloyds 6/6/17, note added in 1937 about her fate - torpedoed by UC.72 on 30 April, sank S of Gironde estuary (L/te - in 45.26N, 01.37W); 29 lives lost including master. Uboat.net describes original fate as incorrect – should be sunk on 15th by UC.27 (Gerhard Schulz) off Iberian coast in 43.08N, 11.32W (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un)
       
Central Mediterranean

CAMERONIA, troopship/transport, passenger ship, 10,963/1911, Anchor Line (Henderson Bros), Glasgow-reg, armed, on government Service from 1917, sailing Marseilles for Alexandria with c2630 troops and government stores, escorted by two destroyers. Torpedoed by U.33 (Gustave Siess), sank 150 miles E of Malta; various sources quote totals of 129, 140 and even 210 lives lost usually including 11 crew and/or 129 troops. H/un only lists 11 crew (H/L/ge/me/te/un/wd)

MASHOBRA, passenger ship, 8,236/1914, British India Steam Navigation Co, London-reg, served as troop transport then returned to commercial service, armed, Mr H Brooks, Calcutta for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by Austrian U.XXIX (Leo Prásil), crew abandoned ship, U-boat surfaced and finished her off with shellfire 140 miles SW of Cape Matapan, Greece (L/te/wd - in 35.34N, 20.40E); 8 engine-room crew killed by torpedo explosion, master taken prisoner, survivors picked up by trawlers, landed Malta next day (H/L/te/wd)
   
Aegean Sea

ARCADIAN, troopship/transport, passenger ship, 8,939/1899, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast-reg, c335 crew, armed, Salonica for Alexandria (te - France), total of 1,335 crew and troops on board. Torpedoed by UC.74 (Wilhelm Marschall) and extensively damaged, sank in only five minutes, capsizing 26 miles NE of Milo Is, S of Athens (L/wd - in 36.50N, 24.50E). Attack took place just after life-boat drill with most still on deck, enabled 1,058 people to be saved but 277 lives lost - 19 Army officers, 214 other ranks, 10 naval ratings, 34 crew (ge - 242 troops, 35 crew), many killed by spars and wreckage shooting to the surface when she turned over under water. HMSO lists 35 crew.  Vessel not to be confused with Acadian 2,305grt, sunk 16/9/18 (H/L/dk/ge/me/te/un/wd)



Monday, 16 April 1917
   
Western Front - Nivelle Offensive, Third Battle of Champagne to 20th

North Sea
   
LORD CHANCELLOR, trawler, 135/1888, W Grant, Grimsby-reg, fishing. Captured by UC.41 (Kurt Bernis), sunk by bombs 50 miles NE of Longstone, Outer Farne Is, off Northumberland (H/L/Lr/un)

Dover Straits

Two vessels sunk by gunfire of UB.36 (Harald von Keyserlingk) off Cape Gris Nez, near Calais:

MARDEN, 297/1909, L S Carr & Co, Newcastle -reg, sailing Tréport for Newcastle in ballast. Sunk 6 miles NW of; master lost his life (H/L/Lr/un)

ROCHESTER CASTLE, sailing vessel, 102grt, Dieppe for London in light condition. Captured first, sunk 5 miles WSW of (L - 7 miles NW of) (H/L/un)

English Channel

Two vessels sunk by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt) off Beachy Head, Sussex:

CAIRNDHU, cargo ship, 4,019/1911, Cairn Line, Newcastle-reg, 1-13pdr, 39 crew, Mr R Purvis, South Shields for Gibraltar with coal, steaming at 9kts. (H – 15th) - Torpedoed, sank 25 miles W of Beachy Head, Sussex (wi - in 50.37.27N, 00.26.15W); 11 crew lost (H/L/Mn/dk/te/wi)

VICTORIA (3), schooner, 165/1897, W Garthwaite, Barnstaple-reg, 5 crew, Mr J White, Greenwich for Cherbourg with coal tar, oil and pitch. U.40 opened fire from 2 miles at 0435 hitting her several times, crew abandoned ship, U-boat approached and questioned them about ship’s name and cargo, boarded and placed explosive scuttling charges, sank 30 miles SW of (wi - in 50.19N 00.21W); survivors picked up at 1100 by destroyer or torpedo boat (H/L/un/wi)   
__________

EDUARD, ex-German, 3-mast steel schooner, 476/1898, was Bremen-reg, seized at Liverpool, The Admiralty (Fisher, Alimonda & Co), London-reg, 10 crew, sailing London for Port Talbot in ballast. U-boat appeared two miles off at 0830 on starboard quarter and opened fire, ship abandoned, firing continued. UC.70 (Werner Fürbringer) approached, boarded and placed scuttling charges sinking her at 0945, 12 miles SW of Beachy Head (L/un/wi - in 50.34N, 00.05E); crew picked up by patrol vessel about 1330, landed at Newhaven (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

City, 2,893/1892, Durham SS Co (J White), Newcastle. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Highcliffe, 3,238/1909, Cliffe SS Co (G T Readhead), South Shields. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 3 September 1918 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

TOWERGATE, 3,697/1906, Anglier SS Co (Brys & Gylsen), London, sailing Galveston for Liverpool with beef, cotton, lard and general cargo. Captured by U.43 (Hellmuth Jürst), sunk by torpedo 250 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 52.10N, 16.16W) (H/L/te/un)

QUEEN MARY, 5,658/1915, Dunlop SS Co (Thomas Dunlop & Sons), Glasgow, sailing New York for Havre with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sank 180 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 51.48N, 14.52W); 9 lives lost (H/L/te/un)



Tuesday, 17 April 1917

North Sea

Winifredian, passenger ship, 10,422 (ms – 10,404)/1899, F Leyland & Co (1900) Ltd, Liverpool, armed, sailing Hull for Boston in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.76 (Wilhelm Barten) 7 miles N by E of Noss Head, reached port (H/L/ms/un)   
       
U. S. A., trawler, 182/1903, Dundee Steam Trawling (un – H Smethurst, Grimsby), Dundee-reg, fishing. Captured by UC.41 (Kurt Bernis), sunk by bombs 16 miles ENE of Longstone, Farne Is (wi - in 55.45N, 01.10W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

English Channel

LANFRANC, hospital ship, ex-passenger ship, 6,287/1907, Booth SS Co, Liverpool-reg, 123 crew, sailing Havre for Southampton with 52 medical staff, 234 British and 167 German wounded, total of 576 people on board. Torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sank 42 miles N 1/2 E of Havre (L/wd - 49.56N, 00.20W; te/un - in 50.11N, 00.12E); 34 lives lost - 14 British, 15 German prisoners and 5 crew, survivors picked up by escorting warships. HMSO only lists the 5 crew (tr - 387 patients on board, 220 British, 167 German with 17 British and 17 German lost) (H/L/Mn/ge/me/te/tr/un/wd)

DONEGAL, auxiliary hospital or ambulance ship, ex-passenger ship, 1,885 (ms – 1,997)/1904, Midland Railway Co, Belfast (H - armed, but as a hospital ship 1/2  un – "armed ambulance transport"), sailing Havre for Southampton with British wounded. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank 19 miles S of Dean LV, off Spithead (L - 19 miles S 1/2 E of; te/un - in 50.26N, 01.00W); 11 lives lost (tr - 12 crew and 29 of the wounded on board; un – 40 lives lost) (H/L/dk/ge/me/ms/te/tr/un)

Nirvana, cargo & passenger ship, 6,021 (ms – 6,031)/1914. British India Steam Navigation Co, Glasgow, armed, sailing Havre for Southampton with government stores. (L - 7th) – Mined, laid by UC.70 (Werner Fürbringer) 4 miles S of Nab LV, damaged, put into St Helens Roads (H/L/ms/un)
                           
Clan Sutherland, 2,820/1896, Clan Line Steamers (Cayzer, Irvine & Co), Glasgow, armed, sailing Cochin for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen) 18 miles SE of Start Point, damaged, beached at Dartmouth, later refloated; 12 lives lost (H/L/ms/un)

off NW Scotland
   
Gisella, cargo ship, 2,502/1904, SS Mary Co (Alexander & Mair), London (ms – Groedel Bros SS Co), armed, sailing from Cardiff. (L - 27th) – Mined, laid by U.80 (Alfred von Glasenapp) off Isle of Lewis (L - in 57.57N, 06.25W; un – E of, in 57.59N, 06.22W, Barrage 35), damaged, arrived in port; one life lost. Admiralty collier when sunk on 18 November 1917 (H/L/ms/un)
   
Bristol Channel

Two schooners captured by UC.47 (Paul Hundius) and sunk by bombs 30 miles S by W of St Ann's Head, W entrance to Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire (wi - in 51.12N, 05.10W):

DANTZIC, 108/1871, G M Beer, Banff-reg, Mr G M Beer, sailing Lancaster for St Brieuc with coal tar and pitch (H/L/un/wi)

WILLIAM SHEPHERD, 3-master, 143/1870, W P Langmaid, Fleetwood-reg, Mr E Rickard, sailing Glasgow for St Valery with coal (H/L/un/wi)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

ABURI, cargo & passenger ship, 3,730/1906, African SS Co (Elder, Dempster & Co), London-reg, armed, sailing Liverpool for Dakar with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann), sank 125 miles NW of Tory Is (te - in 56.15N, 11.30W; L - 56.15N, 10W); 25 lives lost, 25 survivors (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   
Atlantic off W Ireland

Benguela, 5,520/1910, Elder, Dempster & Co, Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

CAIRNHILL, 4,981/1912, Macbeth & Co, Glasgow-reg, sailing New York for Havre with general cargo. Captured by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner), sunk by bombs 160 miles NW of Fastnet (L/te - in 52.09N, 13.16W); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
KISH, 4,928/1902, Clyde Shipping Co, Glasgow, armed, sailing lquique via Norfolk (Va) for Newport (Mon) with nitrate. Torpedoed by U.67 (Hans Nieland), sank 160 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L - 143 miles W of Skelligs; te - in 51.40N, 14.28W); 6 lives lost (H/L/dk/te/un)
           
Atlantic off Gibraltar

Three steamships captured by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière) and sunk by bombs W of Gibraltar:

BRISBANE RIVER, 4,989/1914, British Empire Steam Navigation Co (Houlder Bros & Co), West Hartlepool-reg, sailing Malta for Baltimore in ballast. Sunk 140 miles off (L/te - in 35.30N, 08.10W); master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

FERNMOOR, 3,098/1894, Moor Line Ltd (ms – W Runciman & Co, Newcastle), sailing Baltimore for Genoa with iron and steel. Sunk 150 miles off (L/te - in 35.30N, 08.18W) (H/L/te/un)

CORFU, 3,695/1907, Corinthian Shipping Co (R Nicholson & Sons), Liverpool-reg, sailing Philadelphia for Genoa with scrap iron and steel billets. Sunk 160 miles off (L - in 35.14N, 08.25W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
 
Mediterranean

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Khephren, 2,774/1905, Moss SS Co (J Moss), Liverpool. Torpedo missed. Sunk 16 July 1917 (H/ms)

Lanuvium, 4,417/1906, Fisher Alimonda & Co. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Ryton, 3,991/1913, Red “R” SS Co (Stephens, Sutton & Stephens), Newcastle. Torpedo missed. Attempted to ram U.39 on 5 August 1917, damaged and sunk  (H/ms/un)   
 


Wednesday, 18 April 1917
   
North Sea

Two trawlers on fishing grounds captured by UC.41 (Kurt Bernis) and sunk off St Abb's Head, SE Scotland:

JOHN S BOYLE, 143/1898, Clarence Steam Trawling, Scarborough-reg, Skipper W McPherson (un – operated by W McPherson, Aberdeen), sailed from Scarborough. Sunk by bombs 25 miles E by S of (un – in 56.16N, 01.33W; wi - 55.56N, 01.23W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

RAMESES, 155/1894, Roberts & Ruthven, Grimsby-reg, Skipper J Cammish, sailed from Grimsby. Sunk by bombs 60 miles NE of Blyth (L/wi - about 45 miles E of St Abbs Head, in 55.56N, 01.23W) (L - Damaged 16/12/14) (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)
__________

WITHAM, trawler, 144/1885, Boston Deep Sea Fishing & Ice, Boston-reg. Captured by UC.50 (Rudolf Seuffer) and sunk by gunfire 125 miles E by S 1/2 S of St Abb's Head, SE Scotland (L/un - in 55.56N, 01.36E; un – also N of Dogger Bank) (H/L/Lr/un)
       
Bristol Channel

Nigaristan, 4,345/1913, Strick Line, Swansea, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk WW2 (H/ms)
           
Atlantic off SW England

Two steamships torpedoed by U.84 (Walter Roehr) off Bishop Rock, Scillies:

CRAGOSWALD, 3,235/1899, Lunn & MacCoy, Newcastle-reg, armed, sailing Buenos Aires/Rosario for London with maize. Sank 60 miles W by S of; 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
ROWENA, 3,017/1899, Herskind & Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Alexandria for Hull with general cargo. Sank 95 miles W by S 1/2 S of (te - in 49.03N, 08.25W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
__________

Frankier, 3,836/1906, Brys & Gylsen, armed. U-boat attack at entrance to English Channel, torpedo missed (H/ms)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

CASTILLIAN, 1,923/1890, Papayanni Line (ms – Ellerman Lines (F Swift), London), London-reg, armed, sailing Liverpool for Genoa with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann), sank 110 miles NW by N of Tory Is (L/te - in 56.20N, 10.45W); 10 lives lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two armed steamships sailing for Liverpool torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose) NW by W of Fastnet Rock:

SCALPA, 1,010/1902, Leith, Hull & Hamburg Steam Packet Co (J Currie & Co), Leith, departed from Marseilles/Valencia with oranges and onions. Sank 150 miles off (L/te - in 52.05N, 13.26W; un – also 51.57N, 13.01W) (H/L/te/un)

SCULPTOR (1), 3,846/1911, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool, armed, from New Orleans with general cargo. Sank 120 miles off (L/te - in 52N, 13W; un - 51.56N, 12.50W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
__________

RHYDWEN, 4,799/1914, W & C T Jones SS Co (W & C T Jones), Cardiff, armed, sailing Galveston for Cardiff with wheat. Torpedoed by U.67 (Hans Nieland), sank 170 miles NW by W 1/2 W of Fastnet (te - in 51.40N, 14W); 6 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic

Clan Sinclair, 5,215/1907, Clan Line Steamers (Cayzer, Irvine), Glasgow, armed. Torpedo/gun attack, torpedo missed, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Portugal

THOMAS, 3-mast schooner, 132/1908, A S Rendell, Shelborne (NS)-reg, sailing Cadiz for Rose Blanche with salt. Captured by UC.27 (Gerhard Schulz), sunk by bombs 40 miles SE of Cape St Vincent (H/L/Lr/un)

Atlantic off Gibraltar

TREKIEVE, 3,087/1898, Hain SS Co (E Hain & Son), St Ives, armed, sailing Barry for Gibraltar with government stores (te - Cardiff for Genoa with coal). Torpedoed by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sank 100 miles W of Gibraltar (L/te - in 35N, 09.45W); 3 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
Hurst, 4,718/1910, Clyde Shipping Co, Glasgow, armed. Gun attack W of Gibraltar, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 3 October 1917 (H/ms)
 
Western Mediterranean

RINALDO, 4,321/1908, Ellerman’s Wilson Line, Hull, armed, sailing Tees/Hull for Bombay with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.32 (Kurt Hartwig), sank 18 miles W by N of Cape Shershel/Cherchel, W of Algiers (L - 22 miles E of Cape Tenes; un – 36.35N, 01.48E) (H/L/te/un)



Thursday, 19 April 1917
 
U-boat Warfare - Peak of merchant shipping sinkings by U-boats and mainly U-boat laid mines. By the beginning of 1917 Germany had about 100 U-boats in operation and increasing. British losses alone from all causes were 49 merchant ships of 154,000grt in January, 105 of 313,000 in February, 127 of 353,000grt in March, reaching a peak of 169 ships of 545,000grt in April. On this day alone, 13 merchantmen were sunk and three damaged by enemy action. Such losses could not be sustained for more than 5 months without totally crippling Britain

North Sea

POLTAVA, ex-German, 945/1889, "K" SS Co (un – Kaye, Son & Co, London), sailing from Tyne with coal. Mined, laid by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns) the previous day, sank 3 miles ENE of Souter Point LH, South Shields, Co Durham (H/L/te/un)

BETHLEHEM, motor vessel, 379/1896, Theodor Shipping, Newcastle-reg, sailing Calais for Grimsby, light condition. Mined, laid by UC.55 (Karl Neureuther), sank  1/2 m E of South Holm Buoy, off Lowestoft; one life lost (H/L/Lr/un)

Lumina (2), tanker, 5,856/1912 (ms – 1912), Lumina SS Co (H E Moss & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Thames Haven for Cardiff in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.6 (Werner von Zerboni di Sposetti) about 3 miles N of Elbow Buoy, off Kent, damaged, towed in to Gravesend (H/L/ms/un)

English Channel

SENATOR DANTZIGER, ex-German steel schooner, 164/1912, seized at Tralee, requisitioned by Admiralty, London-reg, 6 crew, Dublin/Newhaven for Dieppe with carbon retorts. Captured by UC.26 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow), sunk by gunfire, 15 miles S by E 1/2 E of Newhaven, Sussex (L - 15 miles SE 1/2 E of; un – 15 miles S of; wi - in 50.32.15N, 00.11.20E;) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Aungban, tanker, 5,125/1917, Burmah Oil Co, Newcastle, New York/Calais for Rouen. Mined off Dieppe. Sunk in WW2 (L/ms only)

Atlantic off SW England/S Ireland

Two vessels (and an Admiralty trawler) sunk by UC.47 (Paul Hundius) and possibly a fourth attacked:

GOLD COAST, 4,255/1900, was Hamburg-reg, captured in Cameroon River by Royal Navy, now Elder Line (Elder, Dempster & Co), Liverpool-reg, 1-12pdr, 53 crew, Mr E Allen, sailing Dakar for Liverpool with general cargo, two passengers. Torpedoed by UC.47, sunk 14 miles S of Mine Head Light, off Co Waterford (te/wi - in 51.45.30N, 07.28W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

JEWEL, brigantine, 195/1867, R Gregory, Dublin-reg, 6 crew, Mr Richard Gregory, sailing Waterford for Cardiff with timber/pit wood. Captured by UC.47, sunk by bombs 20 miles SE of Coningbeg LV, SE of Waterford Harbour (wi - in 51.52N, 06.14W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Old Head, schooner, 105grt, sailing Kinsale for Newport with scrap iron. Captured by U-boat and damaged by gunfire off Coningbeg LV (un – by unidentified U-boat, 15 miles SE of Coninsby (sic) LV; possibly UC.47), towed into Rosslare (H/L/Lr/un)
       
Atlantic off W Ireland

ANNAPOLIS, 4,567/1911, Furness, Withy & Co, Liverpool-reg, armed, sailing Halifax (NS) for London with general cargo. Torpedoed once and damaged by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann) late on the 19th, 74 miles NW 1/2 N of Eagle Is, off Co Mayo (L/te - in 54.55N, 11.45W); finished off on the 20th by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms) with two more torpedoes (H/L/te/un)   

Thermidor, 3,788/1901, Plisson & Co, armed. Chased, escaped (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

HOWTH HEAD, 4,440/1906, Head Line (ms – Ulster SS Co (G Heyn & Sons), Belfast), armed, New Orleans and Norfolk (Va) for Dublin with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sank 158 miles NW of Fastnet (L - in 52.02N, 13.38W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

TEMPUS, 2,981/1904, Tempus Shipping Co (W H Seager), Cardiff, armed, sailing Cartagena for Garston with iron ore and oranges. Torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose), sank 130 miles NW by W 1/2 W of Fastnet (L/te - in 51.45N, 12.58W; un – also 51.50N, 12.50W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

AVOCET (1), 1,219/1885, Avocet SS Co (Yeoward Bros) (tl – purchased in 1907 from Cork SS Co), Liverpool-reg, armed, Lisbon for Liverpool with cork wood and general cargo. Captured by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), sunk by torpedo 100 miles WNW of Fastnet (L - in 51.19N 12.03W; un – 51.19N, 12.30W) (H/L/te/tl/un)

Bristol City, 2,511/1899, Chas Hill & Sons, Bristol, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 16 December 1917 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off NW France

ELSWICK MANOR, 3,943/1901, Elswick SS Co (Weidner, Hopkins & Co), Newcastle, armed, sailing Tyne for Naples with coal. Torpedoed by U.84 (Walter Roehr), sank 180 miles W of Ushant, off NW Brittany (L - 184 miles S 42 W of Bishop Rock; te/un - in 47.36N, 09.32W) (H/L/te/un)
       
Bay of Biscay

CILURNUM, 3,126/1902, Hall Bros SS Co (Hall Bros), Newcastle-reg, armed, sailing Cardiff for La Pallice with coal. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank 5 miles SW of Penmarch Point, to W of Lorient (L/te - in 47.45N, 04.30W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
       
Atlantic off NW Spain

CAITHNESS, 3,500/1898, Sutherland SS Co (A M Sutherland), Newcastle-reg, armed, sailing from Tyne with coal. (dk/te/un - 20th) - Torpedoed by U.52 (Hans Walther), sank 130 miles NW by N of Cape Ortegal (te - in c44.00N, 10.00W; un – 45.48N, 11.07W); 47 lives lost including master (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un)
Atlantic off Gibraltar

SOWWELL, 3,781/1900, Sowwell SS Co (Galbraith, Pembroke & Co), London, armed, sailing Sagunto for Glasgow with iron ore. Torpedoed by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), sank 170 miles W 1/2 S of Gibraltar (L - 135 miles S71ºW of Cape Spartel; ge - 180 miles from Cape Spartel); 21 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/ge/te/un)



Friday, 20 April 1917

North Sea
       
Two trawlers on fishing grounds, captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns) and sunk with bombs:

ERITH, 168/1899, Great Northern SS Fishing, Hull-reg H457. Sank 40 miles S 1/2 W of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (L - 40 miles S by W of 1/2 W of) (H/L/Lr/hw/un)
   
GRECIAN, 119/1896, T Robinson( 1/2 ), Grimsby-reg GY15, hired 1/15 by Admiralty, returned to fishing 7/15, Skipper W Ilett. Sank 22 miles NE by E of Longstone, Farne Is (wi - in 55.52N, 01.05W) (H/L/Lr/D/wi)
__________

British steamship (and an Admiralty trawler) sunk by UC.41 (Kurt Bernis):

BALLOCHBUIE, 921/1905, Aberdeen Lime Co, Aberdeen-reg, 16 crew, Mr A Mitchell, sailing Aberdeen for Sunderland in ballast. Torpedoed, sank 7 miles E of May Is, entrance to Firth of Forth (L - 8 miles E of; wi – in 56.13.46N, 02.23.36W, also ranging from 6-9 miles E of); master and two seamen drowned (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW England

MALAKAND, 7,653/1905, Anchor-Brocklebank Line/T & J Brocklebank, Liverpool, armed, sailing Calcutta for Dundee with jute and general cargo. Captured by U.84 (Walter Roehr), sunk by torpedo 145 miles W 1/2 N of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/te/un - in 49.20N, 10.00W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)   

Atlantic off SW Ireland

TORR HEAD, 5,911/1894, Head Line (ms – Ulster SS Co (G Heyn & Sons), Belfast, armed, sailing St John (NB) for Dublin with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sank 160 miles NW by W of Fastnet (te - in 52.10N, 14.00W) (H/L/te/un)

PORTLOE, 3,187/1912, Portloe SS Co (W E Hinde & Co), Cardiff, armed, sailing Bougie for Clyde with phosphate. Torpedoed by U.67 (Hans Nieland), sank 160 miles WNW of Fastnet (te - in 51.13N, 14.10W; L - 51N, 14W): 24 lives lost including master (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un)

SAN HILARIO, bulk petroleum tanker, 10,157/1913, Eagle Oil Transportation, London, armed, sailing Puerto Mexico for Queenstown with petroleum. Captured by U.43 (Hellmuth Jürst), sunk by torpedo 270 miles W by N of Fastnet (L - 220 miles W of Queenstown; te/un - in 50.55N, 16.28W); master taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)

EMMA (1), 2,520/1898, Turnbull Bros Shipping Co (Turnbull Bros), Cardiff, sailing Baltimore and Fayol for Clyde with maize. Torpedoed by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), sank 200 miles SW by S of Fastnet (L - in 49.55N, 14.04W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Two armed tankers attacked by U-boat(s), torpedoes missed:

Oriflamme, 3,764/1899, Desmarais Freres, London. Sunk 25 November 1917 (H/ms)

Terek, 3,710/1899, Caucasian SS Co (Lane & MacAndrew), London. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic

Suwanee, tanker, 2,748 (ms – 2,736)/1888, Kasbek SS Co (Lane & MacAndrew), London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Atlantic W of Gibraltar
   
One steamship sunk (together with an Admiralty collier) and one damaged by U.35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière), with possibly a fourth attacked, all off Gibraltar:

NENTMOOR, 3,535/1903, Moor Line (W Runciman & Co), Newcastle, sailing Rosario for Gibraltar with wheat. Captured by U.35, sunk by gunfire 140 miles W of (L/te - in 35.25N, 08.02W) (H/L/ge/te/un)
 
Leasowe Castle, passenger ship, 9,737/1915, The Shipping Controller (Union-Castle Mail SS Co), London, sailing Liverpool for unknown destination. Torpedoed by U.35, W of (un – 90 miles W by N of), damaged, reached port (H/L/Mn/un)

Inverness, 3,734/1902, Sutherland SS Co, Newcastle. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Mediterranean

Ikalis, 4,329/1900, Leyland Shipping Co (R W Leyland), Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 7 June 1917 (H/ms)
   


Saturday, 21 April 1917

UC.30 sunk in British minefield in North Sea off Horns Reef
       
Atlantic off Shetlands

Two Grimsby-reg trawlers owned by Consolidated Steam Fishing & Ice Co, sailed Grimsby for fishing, captured by UC.33 (Martin Schelle) and sunk by bombs 35 miles NNW of Foula island, W of Shetlands (wi - in 60.40N, 02.30W), crews allowed to get away:

JEDBURGH, 165/1897, GY451, Skipper T Olsen (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)
   
YEOVIL, 164/1898, GY575, Skipper P Mallinder. One life lost (H/L/Lr/gy/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off NW Ireland

SEBEK, 4,601/1909, Moss SS Co (J Moss & Co), London, armed, sailing Liverpool for Alexandria with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sank 145 miles NW of Tory Is (L/te/un - in 56.12N, 12.20W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic SW of Ireland/W of France

PONTIAC (1), 1,698/1879, Atlantic & Eastern SS Co (J Glynn & Son), Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for Genoa with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose), sank 56 miles SW 1/2 S of Fastnet (L/te - in 50.30N, 10W; un – 50.31N, 10.09W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
DIADEM (2), 4,307/1916, Hall Bros SS Co (Hall Bros), Newcastle, armed, sailing Bassein and Dakar for London with rice. Torpedoed by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), sank 200 miles SW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 48.37N, 12.40W; un – also 49.10N, 11.10W) (H/L/te/un)

Four armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), escaped or saved:

Crown of Toledo, 5,806/1911, Crown SS Co (Prentice, Service & Henderson), Glasgow. Chased (H/ms)

Elysia, 6,368/1908, Anchor Line (Henderson Bros), Glasgow. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Roumanian Prince, tanker, 4,147/1913, Prince Line (Knott), Newcastle. Gun attack (H/Mn/ms)

Wapello, tanker, 5,576 (ms – 5,593)/1912, Tank Storage & Co. Gun attack, own gunfire. Admiralty chartered oiler when sunk 15 June 1917 (H/ms)
           
Central Mediterranean

WARRIOR, 3,674/1901, Thos. Turnbull & Son Shipping Co (T Turnbull & Son), Whitby, armed, sailing Cardiff for Algiers/Alexandria with coal. Mined, laid by UC.37 (Otto Launburg), sank 7 miles N of Fratelli Rocks, near Bizerta, Tunis (L - 4 miles N by 20 E of); one life lost (H/L/te/un)



Sunday, 22 April 1917
   
North Sea

NIGHTINGALE, fishing vessel (L/wi - trawler), 91/1892, A Walker (un – J Myles, Glasgow), Aberdeen-reg A556, Skipper G Robb, fishing. Captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbenjohanns), sunk by bomb 26 miles S of Aberdeen (wi - in 57.42N, 01.56W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW England

NEEPAWAH, 1,799/1903, Canada Steamship Lines, Hamilton, Ontario, armed, sailing Huelva for Rouen with iron pyrites. Captured by U.53 (Hans Rose), sunk by bombs 120 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/te - in 49.10N, 09.20W; also 49.07N, 09.27W) (H/L/te/un)

Karroo, 6,127/1913, Bucknall SS Lines, North Shields, armed. Torpedo/gun attack W of Scillies, two torpedoes missed, rescued (H/ms)   

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two armed steamships chased by U-boat(s), rescued or saved:

Austrian, 3,127/1894, Burmah SS Co (P Henderson), Glasgow (H/ms)

Valeria, 5,865/1913, SS Den of Airlie Co (Barrie), Dundee. Own gunfire. Wrecked 21 March 1918 (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

CAPENOR, 2,536/1890, Steel, Young & Co, London-reg, armed, sailing Nantes for Bilbao in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank at entrance to La Pallice Roads, near La Rochelle (L - 400yd S of Chevaux Buoy, La Pallice Roads; te - in 46.06N, 01.17W) (H/L/te/un)

Izaston, 3,060/1898, W S Miller & Co, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)



Monday, 23 April 1917

UB.39 possibly sunk in British minefield in Dover Straits

North Sea

AURIAC, 871/1890, Thomas C Steven, Leith-reg, 16 crew, Mr Jones, sailing Rouen for Leith with empty oil drums/in ballast. Captured by UC.44 (Kurt Tebbejohanns), sunk by gunfire 5 miles ESE of St Abbs Head, SE Scotland (L/wi - 10 miles E of Eyemouth, in 55.57N, 01.35W; wi - also possibly 19 miles E of St Abbs Head); one crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
        
Atlantic off SW England

Two small vessels attacked with gunfire, possibly by same U-boat near St Ives, Cornwall:
   
Nephrite, 673/1896, W Robertson, Glasgow, armed, sailing St Servan for Cardiff in ballast. Attacked 10 miles NE 1/2 E of Godrevy Is, saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L)

Tommi (1), steel schooner, 138grt, sailing Charlestown, Cornwall for Preston with sugar. Captured (un – by UC.47 (Paul Hundius)) and damaged off St Agnes, escaped and towed into St Ives (H/L/Lr/un)
__________

LENA, 2,463/1904, Whitefield SS Co (James, Muers & Griffin), Cardiff, armed, sailing Huelva for Bristol with government stores. Torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann), sank SW of Scillies (te/un - in 48.45N, 08.30W); 25 lives lost including master, no survivors. Oringally posted as missing. HMSO dates her loss as possibly the 18th, Lloyds the 14th, both location unknown (H/L/dk/te/un)   
   
EPTAPYRGION, 4,307/1914, Ognam Shipping Co (J A Mango), London, armed, Montevideo for Falmouth (te - Cherbourg) with meat, oats and tinned meat. Torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose), sank 150 miles W by S of Scillies (L - 130 miles SW of Wolf Rock; te - in 48.28N, 09.40W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

IMATAKA, 1,776/1911, Imataka SS Co (Booker Bros, McConnell & Co), Liverpool-reg, 1-12pdr, 36 crew, Mr C Hendry, sailing Demerara for Havre with frozen meat, rum, sugar and general cargo, and 4 passengers, proceeding on her own at 8 1/2 kts. Torpedoed by UC.47 (Paul Hundius), sank 15 miles SSW of Daunts Rock LV, off Co Cork (L - 12 miles S of Daunt Rock LV; wi - in 51.29.30N, 08.19.30W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off W Ireland

ARETHUSA, steel barque, 1,279/1891, Ship Arethusa Co (Iredale & Porter Ltd), London, Greenock-reg, 19 crew, Mr B Erickson, sailing Guepport (un/wi - Gulfport) for Clyde with 1,900t pitch pine/general softwood, lying becalmed. (un – 22nd, or early on 23rd) – Captured by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen), sunk by bombs 15 miles NW of Eagle Is Light, off Co Mayo (wi - in 54.24N, 10.28W), picked up by patrol vessel the same day at 1800, landed at Killybegs (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Two cargo ships torpedoed and sunk by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), both probably on the 23rd off Fasnet:

DYKLAND, 4,291/1914, J. F. Drughorn Ltd, London, armed, sailing Halifax (NS) for Falmouth with timber. (H/L – 22nd) - Sank 200 miles WNW of (L/te - in 51.04N, 14.06W; un – also 50.52N, 13.45W) (H/L/te/un)

OSWALD, 5,185/1915, Booth SS Co, Liverpool, sailing Sabine, Texas for Liverpool with sulphur. Sank 200 miles SW of (L/te - in 51.10N, 14.15W; un – also 51.13N, 14.27W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic W of Gibraltar

Normanby, 4,219/1911, London & Northern SS Co (Pyman Bros), London, armed. Gun attack, escaped under cover of smoke screen (H/ms)

   

Tuesday, 24 April 1917
   
North Sea
   
UPTON CASTLE, trawler, 145/1896, J Smart Jnr, Swansea-reg, sailed Aberdeen for fishing. Captured by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow), sunk by bomb 60 miles E of Longstone, Farne Is (H/L/Lr/un)
__________

UC.50 (Rudolf Seuffer) attacked Grimsby fishing fleet, escorted by armed trawlers Gaul and Margate, on the fishing grounds off Spurn LV, Humber estuary on 24th, presumably using both deck guns. When 4 miles SW of Gaul the submarine was sighted opening fire on trawler Mayfly. HMS Gaul subsequently damaged and HMS Margate sunk. Three other trawlers (Mn - four; L - on 25th) were set on fire and damaged but saved and arrived Grimsby. The action ended when fog came down:
   
MAYFLY, 191/1899, J W Smethurst, Grimsby-reg, sailed from Grimsby. Sunk 70 miles NE by N of (L - 75 miles NE by N of Scarborough; Mn - 10 miles NE by N of Spurn); 3 lives lost, including Skipper (H/L/Lr/Mn/un)

The three identified trawlers damaged were:

Euthamia, 142grt, Grimsby-reg GY285 (L/Mn/D/gy)

Hvularia, 207grt (L/Mn)

Niblick, 154grt, Grimsby-reg GY520 (L/Mn/D)
English Channel

Huntsholm, ex-German, 2,073/1914, British Government. Torpedo missed. Sunk 11 June 1917 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic off SW England
           
Fishing vessel (and an Admiralty collier) sunk by UC.47 (Paul Hundius):

HEATHER, fishing vessel (L/wi - trawler), 58grt, fishing. Captured, sunk by bombs 14 miles W by N of Bishop Rock, Scillies (wi - in 49.52N, 06.48W) (H/L/un/wi)

Two armed steamships torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose) off Bishop Rock:

FERNDENE, 3,770/1899, Dene SS Co (J T Lunn & Co), Newcastle, sailing Cape Town for London with graphite and mealies (maize). Sank 150 miles W of (L - 180 miles W of Scillies; te - in 49.03N 10.00W; un – also 48.40N, 10.08W); 9 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)
   
ANGLESEA, 4,534/1914, Cardiff-reg, Cardigan SS Co (Jenkins Bros), Boston for Havre with steel, oats. Sank 160 miles W of (L - 150 miles W by S of Scillies; te - in 48.56N, 10.17W) (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off N Ireland

AMULREE, steel barque, 1,445/1892, John Stewart & Co, London-reg, 29 crew, Mr G Cooper, sailing Liverpool for Santos with 2,289t coal, lying becalmed. Gun attack by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach) at 1700, immediately abandoned and boarded, stores and provisions taken off, not seen to sink, but went down 50 miles N by E of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L/wi - in 56.10N, 08.40W); survivors rowed for 60 miles, picked up by drifter, landed at Larne (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off NW Ireland

THISTLEARD, 4,136/1912, Albyn Line (Allan, Black & Co), Sunderland, armed, sailing Tocopilla for Glasgow with nitrate. Torpedoed by U.82 (Hans Adam), sank 135 miles WNW of Tory Is (L/te - in 55.10N, 12.00W) (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

ABOSSO, passenger ship, 7,782/1912, African SS Co (Elder, Dempster & Co), London-reg, armed, sailing Bathurst/Lagos for Liverpool with passengers, mail and general cargo. (te/un - 25th; un – also late on 24th, British time) - Torpedoed by U.43 (Hellmuth Jürst), sank 180 miles W by N of Fastnet (te - in 57.10N, 14.58W; L/wd - 50.50N, 15W); 65 lives lost (H/L/Mn/dk/ms/te/un/wd)

Atlantic

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Drumcliffe, 4,073/1905, SS Drummon Co (Chadwick), Liverpool. Chased, rescued. Sunk as Kelvinbank (2) 13 June 1917  (H/ms)    

Thirlby, 2,009/1898, Sir R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool, sailing Gibraltar for Dunkirk in light condition. Torpedo fired by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann) missed, damaged according to Lloyds (un – by gunfire). Sunk 2 July 1917 (H/L/Mn/ms/un)

Atlantic off NW France

KENILWORTH, 2,735/1895, Dalgliesh SS (Co (R S Dalgliesh), Newcastle, armed, sailing Cardiff for La Pallice with benzene and patent coal fuel. Mined, laid by UC.36 (Gustav Buch), sank 3 1/2 m SW by S of St Mathieu Point, W of Brest (L - 3 1/2 m S 30 W of; un – 48.17N, 04.48W) (H/L/te/un)
       
Bay of Biscay

BARNTON, 1,858/1904, Barnton SS Co (Gillespie & Nicol), Grangemouth-reg, sailing Bilbao for Tyne with iron ore. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank 40 miles W by S of Chassiron Light, Ile d'Oleron, off La Rochelle (te - in 45.40N, 02.12W); 14 lives lost (H/L/te/un)


   
Wednesday, 25 April 1917
   
Dover Straits

Bideford, 3,562/1910, Tatem Steam Navigation Co (W J Tatem), Cardiff, armed. Gun attack by German torpedo boats/destroyers off Dunkirk, slightly damaged. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW England

BALLARAT, troopship/transport, passenger ship, 11,120/1911, P & O Branch Service/Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co, Greenock-reg, 1-6in QF, 140 crew, Mr F Hansen, Melbourne/Cape Town for London with 1,620 personnel/troops and general cargo including copper ingots, antimony ore, bullion (wd - total of 1,752 on board), steaming at 10 1/2 kts in escorted convoy. Torpedoed aft by UB.32 (Max Viebeg) at 1400, 24 miles S by W of Wolf Rock (L/te/un/wd - in 49.33N, 05.36W), starboard propeller blown off, taken in tow by destroyer assisted by HM Drifter Midge, sank at 0430 next morning, 7 miles SW of Lizard Point, Cornwall (un/wi - in 49.51.45N, 05.19W); all passengers and crew taken off in the ship’s boats, picked up by various naval and patrol vessels, including escorting destroyers (H/L/Mn/ge/te/un/wd/wi)
 
Lynorta, 3,684 (ms – 3,668)/1902, Liver Shipping Co (Johnson, Sproule), Liverpool, armed. Gun attack off entrance to English Channel, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 11 August 1917 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic off W Ireland

Two steel barques probably captured by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach) and sunk by bombs off Eagle Is, off Co Mayo:

INVERMAY, 1,471/1895, G Milne & Co, Aberdeen-reg, 24 crew, Mr H Lawrence, sailing Buenos Aires for Londonderry with 2,383t maize. Sunk 40 miles NW by N of (L - in 54.40N, 11W; wi - in 54.38N, 11W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

HEATHFIELD, 1,643/1894, J A Russell, Port Glasgow-reg, 23 crew, Mr W Cadwalader, sailing Guepport (wi - Gulf Port) for Liverpool with timber, lying becalmed. Sunk 53 miles W by N of (wi - in 54N, 11.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Baltic, 23,876/1904, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co (Ismay, Imrie), Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed (H/Mn/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two steamships torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms) off Fastnet, possibly one of them on the 26th:

HESPERIDES, 3,393/1899, British & South American Steam Navigation, sailing Buenos Aires for Liverpool with general cargo. Sank 130 miles NW 1/2 W of Fastnet (L/te - in 52.00N, 13.50W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

VAUXHALL, 3,629/1900, Lewis Trading Co (T Lewis), Cardiff, armed, sailing Sfax for Dublin with phosphate rock. (te/un - 26th; un – possibly with Rio Lages, which was sunk on the 26th) - Sank 110 miles NW by W of (L/te - in 51.45N, 12.30W), 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
__________
 
STEPHANOTIS, ex-Hackensack (L/un - listed as Hackensack; un – also sold and renamed Hackensack in 1917), 4,060/1904, Hackensack SS Co (Brown, Jenkinson & Co), London, armed, sailing Cienfuegos via Halifax for Queenstown with sugar. (un – also early on 26th) - Sunk by U.82 (Hans Adam), 180 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in c51.40N, 14.23W; un – also 52.06N, 14.00W); 6 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
LAURA (1), 3-mast schooner, 335/1901, A H Kempton, Bridgetown, Barbados-reg, sailing Halifax for Liverpool with deals. Captured by U.53 (Hans Rose) and sunk by bombs 150 miles WNW of (L - in 51.20N, 13.30W) (H/L/Lr/un)

SWANMORE, 6,373/1913, Johnston Line (Furness, Withy & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Baltimore for Liverpool with ordnance, general cargo. Torpedo/gun attacks by U.43, U.50, U.93 (un – damaged by gunfire by U.43 and U.93 earlier in the day, torpedoed and sunk by U.50 (Gerhard Berger)), sank 230 miles WNW of Fastnet (L/te - in 51.11N, 15.37W; un – also 51.30N, 15.15W); 11 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
__________
   
Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire

Flaxmere, 1,525/1915, Watson SS Co, Manchester. Chased (H/ms)

Martaban, 5,106/1904, British & Burmese Steam Navigation Co (P Henderson), Glasgow. Gun attack (H/ms)

Bay of Biscay

HIRONDELLE, passenger ship, 1,648/1890, General Steam Navigation Co, London-reg, hired 8/14 by Admiralty as squadron supply ship/store carrier, armed, Admiralty No.Y9.17, believed returned to mercantile service 11/15 (D - listed as “BDV water carrier” from 6/15 & implies still in Admiralty service when lost), sailing London for Bordeaux with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.36 (Gustav Buch), sank 13 miles S by E of Belle Ile, W of St Nazaire (H/L/D/te/un)
       
Mediterranean

Florrieston, 3,366/1901, Bridge SS Co (Moore, Innes), London, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 20 April 1918 (H/ms)


 
Thursday, 26 April 1917

North Sea

ACTIVE (2), trawler, 149/1892, Horace E Stroud (un – Aberdeen), Fleetwood-reg, fishing. Captured by UC.50 (Rudolf Seuffer), sunk by bomb 80 miles ESE from St Abb's Head, N of Eyemouth (L/un - 65 miles E by S of Longstone, Farne Is) (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Dover Straits

ALHAMA, 1,744/1899, Bolivian General Enterprise Ltd (Leopold Walford (London) Ltd), Glasgow-reg, armed, sailing Bayonne for Dunkirk with pit props. Mined, laid by UB.12 (Ernst Steindorff), sank 1 1/2 m N of Calais Pierhead (H/L/te/un)

English Channel

Two British vessels captured and sunk by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck):
   
ATHOLE (2), motor barge (un – fishing vessel), 150/1892, Forbes, Abbot & Lennard, Shoreham-reg, 5 crew, sailing Havre for Shoreham in ballast. Sunk by gunfire 20 miles S of Owers LV, off Selsey Bill (wi - in 50.20N, 00.50.50W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

AGNES CAIRNS, brigantine, 146/1873, J Penaliggon, Guernsey-reg, sailing Portsmouth for Guernsey with coal. Sunk by bombs 8 miles NE of Alderney, Channel Is (H/L/Lr/un)
__________

BOY DENIS (bm/wi - Boy Dennis), ketch-rigged sailing smack, c41/1907, Emmanuel Harris, Brixham-reg BM274, fishing. Captured by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sunk by bomb 12 miles SSW of Start Point, Devon (un – 10 miles SSW of; wi - 50.02N, 03.43W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

Two steamships shelled by U-boat(s), escaped or saved:   

Karnak, 3,171/1906, Moss SS Co (J Moss), Liverpool (H/ms)

Polzeath, 882/1911, Lynn & Hamburg SS, armed. Own gunfire (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England

Ascania, 9,121 (ms – 9,111)/1911, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool, armed. Gun attack W of Scillies, saved by own gunfire. Wrecked 13 June 1918 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic W of Ireland

Two armed steamships attacked and sunk by U.70 (Otto Wünsche) off Fastnet:

HARFLETE, 4,814/1913, J & C Harrison Ltd, London, sailing Cienfuegos for Queenstown with sugar. Gun attack, then sunk by torpedo 200 miles NW by W of (L - 51N, 14.40W; te/un - in 51.54N, 14.48W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   
MANCHESTER CITIZEN, 4,251/1912, Manchester Liners Ltd, Manchester, sailing St John (NB) for Manchester with general cargo. (te/un - 27th; un – also late on 26th) - Torpedoed 240 miles NW of (L/te - in 52.30N, 15.47W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
__________

Pontwen, 4,796/1914, W & C T Jones SS Co, Cardiff, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Quantock, 4,470/1910, Tatem Steam Navigation Co (W J Tatem & Co), Cardiff, sailing from St John (NB) for unknown destination with timber. (L/un - 27th; un – also late on 26th, British time) – Torpedoed by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen) about 8 miles off Mizzen Head, towed into Castletown (Berehaven); 2 lives lost. Lost in WW2 (H/L/ms/un)

RIO LAGES, 3,591/1900, Lewis SS Co (T Lewis), London, armed, sailing Cienfuegos for Queenstown with sugar. Torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms) (un - possibly also sank SS Vauxhall on this day, but she is listed on 25th), sank 155 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 51.38N, 12.52W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):
   
Knight of the Thistle, 6,675/1903, Knight SS Co (Greenshields, Cowie), Liverpool. Chased and escaped. Foundered 10 December 1917 (H/ms)   

Baltic, 23,876/1904, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co (Ismay, Imrie), Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

NW Mediterranean

MONITOR, schooner, c120 (un – 136)/1901, P Templemen, St John's (NF)-reg, sailing Leghorn for Cadiz in ballast. Captured by U.33 (Gustav Siess), sunk by bombs 20 miles S by E of Cape Antibes, near Cannes (L - in 43.12N, 07.20E; un – Gulf of Genoa) (H/L/Lr/un)
   


Friday, 27 April 1917

English Channel
       
GOOD HOPE (1), sailing vessel, 77grt, sailing Isigny for Cardiff. Sunk by gunfire of UC.72 (Ernst Voigt) about 15 miles NNW of Cape Barfleur, near Cherbourg (H/L/un)

Amelia & Jane, schooner, 62grt, Granville for Southampton. Captured by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien), damaged by gunfire 14 miles NNW of W Fort Cherbourg, towed into Cherbourg (H/L/Lr/un)

JESSIE (1), schooner, 108/1878, R Grimes, Fowey-reg, 5 crew, Mr W Dunne, Cardiff for Carentan with coal. Captured by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger), sunk by bombs 7 miles W 1/2 S of Portland Bill, Dorset (wi - in 50.28.45N, 02.37.50W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
       
Atlantic off SW England
 
BURROWA, 4-mast steel barque, 2,902/1890, requisitioned by Admiralty, London, sailing Bordeaux for Newport in ballast. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by bombs 60 miles W of Scilly Islands (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Clan Macarthur, 7,382grt, armed. Chased off Scillies, escaped (ms – presumably 5,815/1912, Cayzer, Irvine & Co, Glasgow. Sunk in WW2) (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off NW Ireland

DROMORE (1), 4,398/1913, Johnston Line (Furness, Withy & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for Baltimore with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.58 (Kurt Wippern), sank 140 miles NW by N of Tory Is (L/un - in 56.30N, 11.20W) (H/L/te/un)

Two vessels sunk by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen):

DUNMORE HEAD, 2,293/1889, Head Line (un – Ulster SS Co (G Heyn & Sons), Belfast), armed, sailing Manchester for Genoa with coal and ammunition. Torpedoed sank 135 miles NW of Tory Is (L/te - in 56.12N, 12W) (H/L/te/un)

INVERAMSAY, 3-mast steel barque, 1,438/1891, Munro, Brice & Co (www – George Milne & Co, Aberdeen), sailing Gulfport for Fleetwood with pitch pine. Sunk by gunfire NW of Ireland in 56.00N, 11.30W; lost with all hands and posted missing (un/www only)
   
Atlantic off S Ireland

Headcliffe, 3,654/1915, Cliffe SS Co (G T Readhead), South Shields, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Total loss in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Western Mediterranean

Two armed steamships torpedoed and sunk by UC.67 (Karl Neumann) off Cape Sigli, E of Algiers:

GLENCLUNY, 4,812/1909, Western SS Co (J Gardiner & Co), Glasgow, sailing Bombay for Hull with general cargo. (L - 28th) - Sank 4 miles NW of (L/te/un - in 36.58N, 04.42E); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

KARUMA, 2,995/1910, Unison SS Co (R Gordon & Co), London, sailing Malta for UK with Admiralty stores. (L - 28th) - Sank 5 miles N of (un – 37.09N, 04.50E); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)



Saturday, 28 April 1917

 English Channel

MEDINA, passenger ship, 12,350/1911, Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation, Greenock, London-reg, 1-4.7in QF, 358 crew, Mr F Notley, sailing Sydney and Indian ports for London with 53 passengers, general cargo including tin and Australian meat, proceeding up-Channel after calling at Plymouth. Torpedoed starboard side by UB.31 (Thomas Bieber), engine-room flooded leaving her stopped and sinking, went down in less than an hour 3 miles ENE of Start Point, Devon (te - in 50.15N, 03.30W; wi - 50.12.25N, 03.32.11W); engineer officer and five firemen killled by torpedo explosion, survivors towed in lifeboats by naval vessels to Dartmouth and Brixham. Much of the tin was salvaged in 1932 & 1984 (H/L/te/wd/wi)
   
English Channel

PURSUE, ketch-rigged sailing smack, c37/1914, Charles Scott of Brixham, Brixham-reg BM56, sailed Brixham for fishing & return. Captured by UB.32 (Max Viebeg), sunk by bomb 12 miles SW of Bolt Head, near Salcombe, Devon (wi - in 50.02N, 03.56W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)
       
Freighter, 297/1910, Robinson Brown. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
St George's Channel

Rob Roy (1), sailing vessel, 93grt. Captured, rescued
   
Atlantic off SW England

Two armed steamships chased and attacked by U-boat(s) at entrance to English Channel, both saved by own gunfire:

Bernard, 3,682/1900, Turnbull Bros, Cardiff. Sunk 15 December 1917 (H/ms)

Sheaf Blade, 2,378/1903, W A Souter & Co. Sunk 25 October 1917 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two cargo steamships sunk by U.81 (Raimund Weibach) off Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork:

TERENCE, 4,309/1902, Liverpool, Brazil & River Plate Steam Navigation Co (Lamport & Holt), Liverpool, armed, sailing Buenos Aires for Liverpool with meat, wheat and general cargo. Gun attack by U.81, sunk by torpedo 150 miles NW by W of (L - in 53.55N, 15W; te/un - c52.40N 12.55W); one life lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   
JOSE DE LARRINAGA, 5,017/1913, Miguel de Larrinaga SS Co (Larrinaga & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Galveston for Manchester with general cargo. Torpedoed, sank 150 miles WNW of (te/un - in 51.32N, 13.20W); 12 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un)
__________
   
PORT JACKSON, 4-masted iron barque, 2,309/1882, Swift SS/Hessler & Co, West Hartlepool-reg, sailing Buenos Aires for Cork with maize. Torpedoed by U.67 (Hans Nieland) and sunk 180 miles W by N of Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork (L/un - in 51.00N, 14.02W); 14 lives lost including master (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Central Mediterranean
 
PONTIAC (2), 3,345/1903, Pontiac SS Co (J W Carmichael & Co), Glasgow, armed, sailing Karachi for Italy with barley, maize and peas. Torpedoed by UC.74 (Wilhelm Marschall), sank 70 miles N by E of Marsa Susa, Libya (L - in 34.04.30N, 22.06E); one life lost, master, chief engineer and 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

 

Sunday, 29 April 1917
   
North Sea

DILSTON CASTLE, trawler, 129/1900, R Irvin & Sons, North Shields-reg, Skipper G Houghton, Aberdeen for fishing. Captured by UB.22 (Karl Wacker), sunk by bombs 16 miles E by S of Aberdeen (un – in 57.10N, 01.32W; wi - 57.08N, 01.34W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

VICTORIA (4), 1,620/1887, SS Victoria Co (MacLay & McIntyre), Glasgow-reg, 19 crew, Mr W Falconer, sailing Jarrow for Bayonne with coal. Torpedoed port side amidships at 1607 by UB.21 (Franz Walther), crew abandoned ship but did not see her sink, went down 5 miles NE by N of Scarborough (wi - in 54.22.15N, 00.20W); fireman killed by explosion, survivors reached shore, landed at Scarborough (H/L/te/un/wi)

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:

Gena, 2,784/1893, T Turnbull & Son, Whitby. Gun attack. Admiralty collier when sunk 1 May 1917 (H/ms)

Princess Helena, 677 (ms – 733)/1905, M Langlands & Sons, Glasgow. Gun attack. Lost at Dunkirk 1940 (H/ms)

Nantes, 1,640 (ms – 1,580)/1917, European Gas Co (Brightman), London. Chased. Sunk 7 May 1918 (H/ms)
__________
    
Highgate, 1,780/1899, W Cory & Son, London. Attacked by German aeroplane, bombs missed. Sunk 5 December 1917 (H/ms)
   
English Channel

Two sailing vessels sunk by UB.32 (Max Viebeg):

MERMAID, c76grt, 4 crew, sailing St Malo for Plymouth, in ballast. Captured and sunk by bombs 18 miles SSW of Anvil Point, S of Poole, Dorset (wi - in 50.17.30N, 02.01W) (H/L/wi)
   
ELLEN HARRISON, schooner, 103/1878, R L Berkin, Barrow-reg, sailing Cardiff for Isigny with coal. Sunk by gunfire 7 miles NW of Cherbourg, Normandy (un – date may have been 30 April, in 49.51N, 01.51W) (H/L/Lr/un)

Atlantic W of SW England

Two armed steamships sailing St John (NB) for Falmouth torpedoed by U.93 (Edgar von Spiegel von und zu Peckelsheim) off Bishop Rock, Scillies:

COMEDIAN, 4,889/1903, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool-reg, carrying government stores. Sank 200 miles W by S of (L - 40.06N, 10.45W - this latitude, off Portugal, is probably an error; te/un - in 48.06N, 10.45W); 3 lives lost, gunner taken prisoner (H/L/dk/te/un)
   
IKBAL, 5,434/1894, Elder, Dempster & Co, Liverpool, carrying ammunition. Sank 200 miles W by S of (L - 250 miles W of Ushant; te/un - in 48.43N, 12.35W); master and 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
__________

Palma, 7,632/1903, Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co (P&O), Belfast, armed. Gun attack W of Scillies saved by own gunfire (H/ms)        

Atlantic off SW Ireland

DALEBY, 3,628/1900, Sir R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool-reg, armed, sailing Huelva for Garston with copper and silver ore. Torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sank 180 miles NW of Fastnet (L - c150 miles SE of Cape Clear); 25 lives lost including master. Note: if sailing for Garston through the Irish Sea, the HMSO position might be the bearing to Fastnet (H/L/Mn/te/un) RN CAS

Atlantic off NW France

Lord Downshire, 4,808/1900, Irish Shipowners’ Co (Dixon), Belfast, armed. Chased west of Ushant, escaped (H/ms)
   
Central Mediterranean

KARONGA, 4,665/1907, Ellerman & Bucknall SS Co, North Shields, armed, sailing Newport (Mon) for Bombay with general cargo. (L/dk/te/un - 28th) - Torpedoed by U.63 (Otto Schultze), sank in Strait of Messina, Italy (L/un - 2 miles SSE of Cape Schio; un – in 37.48N, 15.17E); 18 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/dk/ms/te/un)



Monday, 30 April 1917

North Sea

ARGO, trawler, 131/1896, W Meff, Aberdeen-reg A196, Skipper G Williamson, from Aberdeen for fishing. Captured by UB.22 (Karl Wacker), sunk by gunfire 15 miles E 1/2 S of Buchan Ness, near Peterhead (wi - in 57.29N, 01.19W) (H/L/Lr/wi)
   
English Channel

British schooner (and an Admiralty trawler) sunk by UC.61 (Georg Gerth):

LITTLE MYSTERY, schooner, 114/1887, Fowey-reg, E Stephens, Mr J Greet, Cardiff for Cherbourg with 168t coal. Captured and sunk by bombs 25 miles SSE of Portland Bill, Dorset (L - 20 miles SSE of; wi - in 50.10N, 02.06W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Two steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Oilfield, tanker, 4,005/1896, Hunting & Son, Newcastle. Gun attack, rescued. Admiralty chartered oiler when lost 16 March 1918 (H/ms)

Vestalia, 5,528/1912, Vestalia SS Co (Gow, Harrison), Glasgow, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire. Sunk Crete in 1941 (H/ms)
   
Bristol Channel

Arranmoor, 4,008/1915, Moor Line (Runciman), London, armed. Gun attack, escaped. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England

Huntsmoor, ex-German, 4,957 (ms – 4,972)/1901, British Government, armed. Gun attack W of Scillies, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 20 February 1918 (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

DELAMERE, 1,525/1915, Bromport SS Co (H R Greenhalgh), Manchester-reg, armed, sailing Matadi for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sank 110 miles W by N of Fastnet (L - in 51.04N, 13.00W; un – 51.40N, 13.00W); 10 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
HORSA, 2,949/1894, Herskind & Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Port Breira for Cardiff with iron ore. Torpedoed by U.93 (Edgar von Spiegel von und zu Pecklesheim), sank 195 miles SW by W of Fastnet (L - c200 miles W of Bishop Rock; te/un - in 48.43N, 12.35W); 11 lives lost including master and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Pretorian, 6,948 (ms – 6,436)/1901, Allan Line SS Co, Glasgow. Chased, escaped (H/ms)

Sutlej, passenger & cargo ship, 3,549/1908, James Nourse Ltd,  London. Torpedo missed (H/ms)   

Atlantic off NW France

Kamouraska, 4,903/1911, Sydney, Cape Breton & Montreal SS Co (E F & W Roberts), Liverpool, armed. Gun attack off Ushant, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)






MAY 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in May: 122 merchant ships totalling 352,289grt - 1 of 819grt to surface ships, 106 of 320,572grt to submarines, 14 of 28,114grt to mines, 1 of 2,784grt to aircraft, plus 19 fishing vessels totalling 1,448grt - 17 of 1,054grt to submarines, 2 of 394grt to mines (H)


Tuesday, 1 May 1917

U.81 sunk by British submarine E.54 SW of Ireland

North Sea

FIRELIGHT, 1,143/1896, Gas Light & Coke (S Clarke & Co), London-reg, sailing Newcastle for London with coal. Torpedoed by UC.29 (Ernst Rosenow), sank 1 1/2 m E of N Tyne Pier (L/wi - 1 mile E of Tyne Piers, in 55.01.20N, 01.21W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
English Channel
       
Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Haslingden, 1,934/1895, Murrell & Yeoman, West Hartlepool. Torpedo missed. Sunk 12 May 1918 (H/ms)

Querida, 1,175/1909, Donald SS Co (T L Evans), Bristol. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

English Channel/Atlantic off NW France

Two British vessels sunk by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen):

JOHN W PEARN, sailing vessel, 75grt, sailing Granville for Plymouth in ballast. Captured, sunk by bombs 40 miles SSE of Start Point, Devon (un – NW of Guernsey, in 49.42N, 02.58W) (H/L/un)

BAGDALE, 3,045/1904, Whitby-reg, Thomas Smailes & Son's Steamship Co, armed, sailing Clyde for Nantes with coal. Torpedoed, sank 13 miles N by E 1/2 E of Creac'h Pt, near Ushant (te/un - in 48.41N, 05.08W); 23 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un) 

North Channel

Three small coasting vessels captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) and sunk off Galloway, SW Scotland:

HELEN, 322/1904, R Neill & Sons, Belfast-reg, Mr J Cowan, sailing Garston for Bangor, Co Down) with coal. Sunk by bombs 11 miles W of Mull of Galloway (L/wi - 12 miles SE of Copelands, off Co Down, in 54.22.45N, 05.18W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
W. D. POTTS, schooner, 112/1878, W J Slade, Carnarvon-reg, sailing Falmouth for Glasgow with china clay. Sunk by gunfire 10 miles SW of Portpatrick (H/L/Lr/un)

DORA, 296/1900, Aberdovey & Barmouth SS Co (Robert Owen & Co), Liverpool-reg, Mr D Williams, sailing Belfast for Liverpool in light condition/ballast. (un – 2nd, or late on 1st, British time) - Sunk by bombs 11 miles west of Mull of Galloway (wi - in 54.36N 05.10W) (H/L/un/wi)

Irish Sea

Devonshire, 500/1894, SS Devonshire Co (Mack), Liverpool, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Atlantic off SW England

LADYWOOD, 2,314/1910, Wm France, Fenwick & Co, London-reg, 24 crew, Port Nolloth for Swansea with 2,700t copper ore. Captured by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger), sunk at 0600 by bombs 15 miles SW of Wolf Rock, off Lands End (L/te/un/wi - in 49.52N, 05.59W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Cordova, 2,284/1894, J Tully & Sons, Sunderland, armed. U-boat attack off entrance to English Channel, torpedo missed. Sunk 12 December 1917 (H/ms)

Atlantic off W Ireland

Quarrydene, 2,883/1905, London & Northern SS Co (Pyman Bros), London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two armed steamships torpedoed by U.81 (Raimund Weisbach):

SAN URBANO, bulk petroleum tanker, 6,458/1913, Eagle Oil Transportation, London, sailing Puerto Mexico for London with naphtha. Sank 180 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - originally in 52N, 14.20W, later amended to 51.33N, 13.38W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Dorie, 3,264/1911, Dorie SS Co (Burdick & Cook), London, sailing Antigua for Queenstown with sugar. Damaged (L/un - in 51.43N, 13.45W), towed in (H/L/ms/un)
   
Mediterranean

Nellore, passenger & cargo ship, 6,853/1913, Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co, Greenock, armed. Chased and escaped. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
           


Wednesday, 2 May 1917

Orkneys

San Melito, tanker, 10,160/1914, Eagle Oil Transportation Co, London, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
North Sea

Hambleton Range, 3,682/1914, Neptune Steam Navigation Co (Furness, Withy), West Hartlepool, armed. Chased, escaped (H/ms)
   
English Channel

Two steamships torpedoed by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz) off Cape Barfleur, near Cherbourg:

JUNO, passenger ship, 1,384/1882, Bristol Steam Navigation Co, Bristol, sailing Rouen for Cardiff in ballast. Sank 17 miles E 1/2 S of (L - Cape Barfleur Lt, bearing W 1/2 N of, 17 miles off; te/un - in 49.48N, 00.51W; un – also 17 miles E 1/2 N of LH); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

TELA, 7,226/1916, Robert Clark & Service, Glasgow, armed, sailing Havre for Cardiff in ballast. (L - 1st/2nd) - Sank 16 miles NE 1/2 E of (L - 25 miles NW of Cape La Heve; te/un - in 49.50N, 00.50W) (H/L/te/un)
__________
               
Archbank, 3,767/1905, Peareth SS Co (Beckingham), Newcastle, armed. Gun attack, rescued. Sunk 5 June 1918 (H/ms)
   
North Channel/Irish Sea

Five small coasting vessels captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) and sunk by bombs off Co Down (Uboat-net lists a sixth British coasting vessel – SS Dora - sunk on the 2nd, or late on the 1st, British time):
   
DERRYMORE, 485/1905, R McCowen & Sons, Tralee-reg, 11 crew, Mr J Mahony, sailing Dublin for Troon in light condition/ballast. Sunk off Ballyhalbert, S of Belfast Lough (wi - in 54.30N, 05.27.15W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

MORION, 299/1894, William Robertson, Glasgow-reg, 8 crew, Mr G Wilkinson, sailing Dublin for Cairnlough, in ballast. Sunk Ballyhalbert Bay (L/un - 4 miles SE of Skulmartin LV; wi - in 54.30N, 05.27.15W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

ERNEST, probably schooner, 111/1884, Ferguson & McKee, 4 crew, Ardrossan for Dublin with coal. Sunk 6 miles SE of Skulmartin LV, off Ballywalter (L/un - 6 miles SE by S; wi - in 54.30N, 05.15W) (H/L/un/wi)

AMBER, 401/1892, J Henderson, Glasgow-reg, sailing Troon for Waterford with coal, Mr H Montgomery. Sunk around 2 miles off Ballyhalbert (wi - in 54.29N, 05.24.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
SAINT MUNGO, 402/1907, T Heiton & Co (R Harper), Dublin-reg, 12 crew, Mr D Kerr, sailing Troon for Dublin with 400t coal. Sunk in Ballyhalbert Bay (L/un/wi - 2 miles NNE of South Rock LV, in 54.25.30N, 05.21W; wi - suggests attacked in this position but did not sink immediately, drifted into Ballyhalbert Bay before foundering); crew rowed ashore (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Isla, 222grt, armed. Gun attack in Irish Sea, saved by escort (ms – possibly 518/1903, J Brewster & Sons, Whitehaven) (H/ms)
   
Bristol Channel

Gorsemore, 3,079/1899, SS Glenmore (Johnston), Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed. Admiralty collier when sunk 22 September 1918 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW England
   
Two vessels sunk by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien) off north Cornwall:

WARNOW, 1,593/1883, Warnow SS Co (James Mitchell & Sons), Dundee-reg, sailing  from Penarth with railway material/components under sealed orders. Torpedoed by UC.48 (un - at 0300), sank c6 miles W of Trevose Head (te/wi - in 50.30N, 05.10W); 14 crew lost including master (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)

UNITED, sailing smack, 61grt, Padstow for Lowestoft with fishing tackle/gear. At the time, reportedly captured by U-boat, sunk by bomb 5 miles NW of Godrevy LH, St Ives Bay (L - bearing 5 miles SE from; un/wi - 5 miles SW of, in 50.13N, 05.53W; wi - also “whether by scuttling charge, torpedo or gunfire is not recorded”) (H/L/un/wi)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

TROILUS (2), 7,625/1916, Ocean SS Co (A Holt & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Clyde for China/Japan (te - Yokohama for Liverpool) with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms), sank 140 miles WNW of Malin Head, Co Donegal (L - 140 miles N50ºW of Inishtrahull; te - in 55.22N, 15.52W; un – 53.22N, 15.52W) (H/L/te/un)
           
Atlantic off SW Ireland

BEESWING, steel barque, 1,462/1893, J B Walmsley & Co, Liverpool-reg, sailing Pensacola for Liverpool with timber. Captured by U.58 (Kurt Wippern), sunk by gunfire 140 miles W by N of Fastnet (un/wi - in 50.50N, 13W) (H/L/Lr/un)
   
Western Mediterranean

Camerata, 3,723/1910, La Tunisienne Steam Navigation Co (F C Strick & Co), Swansea, armed, sailing Avonmouth for Alexandria with military stores. Torpedoed by UC.37 (Otto Launburg) 9 miles N of Djidjelli, damaged, beached near there on 3rd, refloated (H/L/ms/un)



Thursday, 3 May 1917

Western Front - Battles of Arras, Third Scarpe to 4th

Barents Sea

Palm Branch, 3,891/1897, Nautilus SS Co (F & W Ritson), Sunderland, armed. Torpedo/gun attack by U.45 (Erich Sittenfeld) in Arctic Sea, torpedo missed, damaged by shelling, but saved by own gunfire (H/L/Mn/ms/un)

 North Sea

GLEN TANAR (may be spelt Glen Tamar), 817/1909, John Cook & Son, Aberdeen-reg, Mr G Stephen, sailing Seaham Harbour for Aberdeen with coal. Mined, laid by UC.77 (Reinhard von Rabenau) sank 1 mile NE of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (wi - in 57.09.45N, 02.01.45W) (H/W/L/te/un)
       
City of London, 225grt. Gun attack, missed (ms – possibly 245/1897 or 351/1891, D C Thomas & Son, London) (H/ms)

English Channel

CLODMOOR, turret hull steamship, 3,753/1902, Moor Line (W Runciman & Co), London-reg, 1-12pdr, 30 crew, Mr W MacDawson, sailing Bahia Blanca for Newcastle with wheat. Torpedoed by UB.48 (un – UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sank 5 miles SW of Newhaven, Sussex (L/wi - 5 miles S of, in 50.43.40N, 00.00.30W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
USSA, 2,066/1913, J Holt & Co (Liverpool) Ltd, Liverpool, armed, sailing Manchester for Cherbourg with hay and wagons. Mined, laid by UC.26 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow), sank 2 1/2 m NW of Western Fort, Cherbourg harbour (te/un - in 49.41N, 01.39W) (H/L/te/un)

Six sailing smacks (wi - all tonnages are net) on fishing grounds captured by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs), all but one sunk by bombs off The Stags rocks, off Lizard Point, Cornwall. A seventh was sunk by bombs off Ireland :

ELEANOR (1), 31grt. Sunk 13 miles S of (wi - in 49.44N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)
   
FASTNET, 31grt. Sunk 13 miles S of (un – in 49.57N, 05.07W; wi - 49.44N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)

NORTH STAR, 15grt. Sunk 13 miles S of (un – in 49.45N, 05.05W; wi - 49.44N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)
           
CARBERY KING, 21grt. Sunk 14 miles S of (un/wi - in 49.44N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)

SIR EDWARD BIRKBECK, 23grt. Sunk 16 miles SE of (wi - in 49.41N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)   
 
LUCKY LASS, 10grt, Baltimore for fishing. Scuttled 15 miles S of (un – 49.34N, 05.07W; wi - 49.43N, 05.07W) (H/L/un/wi)

also

HIBERNIA, sailing smack, 21grt, fishing. Captured, sunk by bomb 14 miles SE of Baltimore Harbour, Co Cork (wi - in 51.18N, 09.09W) (H/L/un/wi)
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

FREDERICK KNIGHT, 3,604/1898, W & C T Jones SS Co (W & C T Jones), Cardiff, armed, sailing Norfolk (Va) for UK with sugar. Torpedoed by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen), sank 115 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te/un - in 51.43N, 12.21W) (H/L/te/un)

NW Mediterranean

WASHINGTON, 5,080/1907, Evan Thomas, Radcliffe/Anthony Radcliffe SS Co & Ethel Radcliffe SS Co (Thomas Radcliffe & Co), Cardiff, sailing New York for Leghorn/Naples with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.63 (Otto Schultze), sunk off Rapallo Bay, E of Genoa (L/un - 1 1/2 m abreast of Caniogli, near Genoa; un – also in 44.14N, 09.07E) (H/L/te/un)

   

Friday, 4 May 1917

U-boat Warfare - First US Destroyer Division of 6 ships arrived at Queenstown, Ireland for trade protection
   
North Sea

Wolseley, trawler, 1903, 159grt, North Shields-reg SN345, fishing. Attacked by U-boat, damaged 30 miles NE by N of N Pier, River Tyne. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (L/D)

English Channel

JOSEPH, brigantine, 205/1879, Faversham-reg, Whitstable Shipping, Tyne for Caen with coal. Captured by UB.38 (Wilhelm Amberger), sunk by bombs 20 miles W by N of Caen Harbour, Seine Bay (20 miles N by W of; un – in 49.39N, 00.38W) (H/L/Lr/un)

St George's Channel

Three vessels (and a Q-ship smack) sunk by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck):

VICTORIOUS (2), ketch-rigged sailing smack, c39/1905, Anne Llewellin and others, Brixham-reg BM255, Milford crew, sailed Milford Haven for fishing. Captured, sunk by bomb 10 miles NNE of Strumble Head, near Fishguard (wi - in 52.11N, 05W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

PILAR DE LARRINAGA, 4,136/1902, Miguel de Larrinaga SS Co (Larrinaga & Co), Liverpool, London-reg, 1-12pdr, 38 crew, Mr C de Fovuria, sailing Galveston for Manchester with wheat, general cargo and one passenger. Torpedoed, sank 2 miles SE by S of the Tuskar LV, off Co Wexford (te/wi - in 52.10.45N, 06.08W); 20 crew lost including master (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)

NEW DESIGN NO.2, sailing vessel, 66grt, sailing Bridgewater for Dublin with bricks. Captured, sunk by bombs 15 miles E by S of Tuskar Rock (L/un/wi - 25 miles N by W of South Bishop LH, in 52.14N, 05.40W) (H/L/un/wi)
__________

Two vessels attacked by U-boat(s):

Maidan, 8,205/1912, T & J Brocklebank, Liverpool, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)

Yorkshire, 394/1893, J S Mack, Liverpool. Gun attack, rescued (H/ms)
           
Atlantic

Monmouthshire, 5,097 (ms – 5,092)/1902, Jenkins & Co, London, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Ben Lomond, 2,814/1906, Morrison Shipping Co, Newcastle, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 8 July 1918 (H/ms)
   
NW Mediterranean

TRANSYLVANIA, troopship/transport, passenger ship, 14,315/1914, Anchor Line (Henderson Bros) Ltd, Glasgow-reg, armed, Mr S Brennel, Marseilles for Alexandria with 200 officers, 2,800 troops, government stores, escorted by Japanese destroyers Matsu and Sakaki. Torpedoed port side in engine-room by U.63 (Otto Schultze), headed for shore, second torpedo just missed Matsu and hit Transylvania which soon sank 2 1/2 m south of Cape Vado, Gulf of Genoa (L/te/un/wd - in 44.15N, 08.30E); total of 414 lives lost including 11 crew & master, survivors taken off by the destroyers. HMSO only lists the 12 crew (un – 270 lives lost) (H/L/Mn/dk/ge/me/te/un/wd)
       


Saturday, 5 May 1917

 North Sea

ANGELA, sailing vessel, 122grt, 5 crew, sailing Thames for Newcastle with burnt ore. A vessel believed to be the Angela was seen to blow up at 2053, mined, laid by UC.42 (Otto Heinrich Tornow) 3 miles SE of South Tyne Pier (wi - in 55.01.15N, 01.19W); all five crew including the master killed (H/L/un/wi)
     
EDITH CAVELL, motor fishing vessel, 20grt, fishing. Captured by UB.21 (Franz Walther), sunk by bomb 7 1/2 m E of Robin Hood's Bay, near Whitby, Yorkshire (wi - in 54.31N, 00.26W) (H/L/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW England

Mahanada, 7,196/1914, T & J Brocklebank, Liverpool, armed. Chased off Scillies, saved by own gunfire. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
       
Atlantic off S Ireland

Two steamships sunk by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien):

FELTRIA, ex-Uranium, ex-Avoca, ex-Atlanta, ex-Avoca, ex-San Fernando, ex-Avoca, cargo-passenger ship, 5,254/1891, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool, London-reg, 1-3in HA, 69 crew, Mr W Price, sailing New York for Avonmouth with government stores and general cargo. Torpedoed, sank 8 miles SE of Mine Head, off Co Waterford (te/un/wi - in 51.56N, 07.24W); 45 crew lost including master (H/L/Mn/dk/ge/te/un/wi)
   
GRETA, 297/1903, J Monks & Co, Liverpool-reg, 7 crew, Mr H Johnson, sailing Cork for Neath Abbey, in ballast. Captured, sunk by gunfire 11 miles SE of Mine Head (wi - in 51.51.45N, 07.22.45W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

LODES, 396/1898, M A Morris, Pilltown, Co, Kilkenny, Middlesbrough-reg, 9 crew, sailing Newport for Cork with coal. Mined, laid by UC.33 (Martine Schelle), blown in two, sank 4 miles SE of Ballycottin/Ballycotton, Co Cork (wi - in 51.49N, 07.51W); 7 crew lost including master whose body was picked up, two survivors asleep below, came to clinging to a piece of wreckage and picked up by Ballycotton lifeboat (H/L/Lr/wi)
           
Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Bengore Head, 2,490/1884. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 20 June 1917 (H/ms)

Norton, 1,825/1908, Furness, Withy & Co, West Hartlepool. Chased, escaped (H/ms)

Atlantic off NW France

Photinia, 4,583/1913, Stag Line (Robinson), North Shields, armed. U-boat attack W of Ushant, torpedo missed. Sunk in WW2 (H/ms)
               
Western Mediterranean

HARMATTAN, 4,792/1911, J & C Harrison, London, armed, sailing from Avonmouth/Gibraltar with part cargo of government stores. Mined, laid by UC.37 (Otto Launburg), sank 7 miles N of Cape Rosa, near Annaba, E Algeria (te/un - 30 miles off Cape Bon); 36 lives lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un)

Talawa, turret hull steamship, ex-German, 3,834/1907, Australian Commonealth Government, London, armed, sailing Cardiff for Leghorn with coal. Torpedoed by U.63 (Otto Schulze) in Gulf of Genoa, damaged, beached off Alassio, refloated (H/L/ms/un)
   


Sunday, 6 May 1917
   
English Channel

Katie Cluett, 3-mast schooner, 136grt, sailing Dieppe for Runcorn with flints. Gun attack 28 miles NW by N of Dieppe, escaped, towed in to St Helen’s Road, damaged according to Lloyds. Not listed in Uboat.net as damaged (H/L/Lr)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

ADANSI, 2,644/1901, British & African Steam Navigation Co (Elder, Dempster & Co), Liverpool-reg, armed, sailing Sierra Leone for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.21 (Otto Hersing), sank 80 miles W 1/2 N of Fastnet (L - Fastnet bearing true N77ºE 80 miles off; te/un - in 50.40N 11.05W) (H/L/te/un)
       


Monday, 7 May 1917
   
North Sea

New Abbotshall, 783/1912, Stocks, Turnbull & Co, Kirkcaldy, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
       
English Channel

LOWMOUNT, 2,070/1888, Capel & Co (W L Scott, manager), Leith-reg, 22 crew, sailed from Bilbao with iron ore, arrived St. Helen’s Roadstead on 7th, left within four hours for Stockton-on-Tees. Mined, laid by UC.70 (Werner Fürbringer), sank 4 miles SE of Nab LV, off IoW (L - 4 miles NW of Owers LV; te/un - 4 miles N of Owers LV; wi - in 50.38N, 00.53W); 5 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
St George's Channel

MAUDE, schooner, 93 (un – or 98)/1894, J H Lamey, Bideford-reg, sailing Padstow for Manchester with china clay. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by bombs about 8 miles SW of Bardsey Is, off W Caernarvonshire (H/L/Lr/un)

Atlantic off SW England

KINROSS, 4,120/1911, Sutherland SS Co (A M Sutherland), Newcastle-reg, armed, 34 crew, Mr E Trebilcock, sailing Fremantle for London with wheat, steaming at 6kts. Torpedoed in starboard bow by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien), finished off by gunfire at 0155, 10 miles E of the Wolf Rock, near Lands End (L - 8 miles E by N of; te - in 49.59N, 05.35W; un – 49.49N, 05.33W; wi - 49.58.55N, 05.33.15W); three boats got away - master’s picked up by SS Crohan and landed at St Ives, second boat by SS Forfar and landed at Penzance, third boat by a patrol vessel, also landed at Penzance (H/L/te/un/wi)   

POLAMHALL, 4,010/1901, West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Alexandria for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen), sank 80 miles WSW of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/un - in 49.02N, 08.04W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Southwaite, 3,618/1904, Raithwaite SS Co (J W Pyman), Cardiff, armed. U-boat attack off entrance to English Channel, torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Griqua, 3,344/1902, Bucknall SS Lines, London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Western Mediterranean

Crown of Leon, 3,391/1894, Crown SS Co (Prentice, Service & Henderson), Glasgow, armed, sailing Cardiff for Civita Vecchia with coal. Torpedoed by U.63 (Otto Schultze) in Gulf of Genoa (un – in 44.04N, 08.14E), damaged, beached near Albenga, along the coast from Genoa, refloated; one life lost (H/L/Mn/ms/mun)
       


Tuesday, 8 May 1917
   
English Channel

IRIS, sailing vessel, 75grt. (H - "8th 1/2 ") – Captured by UC.26 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow), sunk by bombs off Cherbourg; 4 lives lost including master (H/un)
   
Atlantic off SW England
   
San Patricio, tanker, 9,712/1915, Eagle Oil Transport Co, London, armed, sailing Puerto Mexico for Sheerness with oil fuel. Torpedoed by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck) off Trevose Head, damaged, arrived Avonmouth. Sunk in WW2 (H/L/ms/un)
   
PETUNIA, 1,749/1889, James Cormack & Co, Leith, armed, sailing Bathurst/River Gambia for Leith with groundnuts. Torpedoed by U.49 (Richard Hartmann), sank 45 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L - 90 miles W of Scillies; te/un - in 49.26N, 08.36W; un – also 49.40N, 07.34W); 2 lives lost, master and 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic W of Ireland

KILLARNEY, iron barque, 1,413/1892, J B Walmsley & Co, Liverpool-reg, sailing Brunswick for Liverpool with timber. Captured by U.21 (Otto Hersing), sunk by gunfire 200 miles W by N of Fastnet (L/un - in 50.55N, 14.44W; un – or about 50.20N, 12.30W) (H/L/Lr/un)



Wednesday, 9 May 1917

North Sea

WINDWARD HO!, trawler, 226/1902, S T White, Hull-reg H692, Skipper G Eddom, Hull for fishing. Mined, laid by UC.49 (Alfred Arnold), sank 3 miles S of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire (wi - in 57.26N, 01.45W); explosion killed 8 men including Skipper (H/L/Lr/hw/un/wi)
       
KITTY, trawler, 181/1898, G F Sleight (un – Alliance Steam Trawling Co (Scarborough) Ltd (J S Ellis), Scarborough), Grimsby-reg, Skipper J Sandham, sailed from Peterhead for fishing. Captured by UC.42 (Otto Heinrich Tornow), sunk by bomb 25 miles ENE of St Abb's Head, SE Scotland (L/un - 30 miles ENE of; un/wi - in 56.11.39N, 01.45W;), skipper and chief engineer taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Malda, passenger & cargo ship, 7,884/1913, British India Steam Navigation Co, Glasgow, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 25 August 1917 (H/Mn/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Astyanax, 4,872/1906, China Mutual Steam Navigation Co (Alfred Holt), Liverpool, armed. Chased and escaped. Scuttled Singapore 1942 (H/ms)
   
NW Mediterranean

HARPAGUS, 5,866/1910, J & C Harrison, London, armed, sailing New York for Marseilles with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.34 (Johannes Klasing), sank 62 miles SW of Planier Is, off Marseilles (L - 62 miles S57ºW of Marseilles; un – in 42.32N, 04.39E); 3 lives lost, master and chief engineer taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)



Thursday, 10 May 1917

U-boat Warfare - First trial convoy sailed from Gibraltar for UK, 16 ships escorted by submarine decoy/Q-ships Mavis (Q.26) and Rule (Q.35), convoys started regularly in July   

North Sea

Hessle, 952/1907, Wetherall SS Co, Goole, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
English Channel

Treverbyn, 4,163/1910, Hain SS Co, St Ives, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 3 September 1917 (H/ms)
               
Mediterranean

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Clan MacNab, 4,675/1905, Sir C W Cayzer (Cayzer, Irvine), Glasgow. Torpedo missed. Sunk 4 August 1918 (H/ms)

Kassanga, 3,015/1899, MacLay & McIntyre. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen. Sunk 20 March 1918 (H/ms)

Putney, 3,232/1899, Watts, Watts & Co. Torpedo missed (H/ms)



Friday, 11 May 1917
   
English Channel

TARPEIA, 538/1905, Care & Eidman, sailing Alderney for Treport with stores (te - stone). Captured by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), sunk by bombs 9 miles N of Port en Bessin, near Caen (L - 10 miles NE of Havre; te/un - in 49.30N, 00.49W; un – at 0445) (H/L/ms/te/un)
           
Atlantic off SW Ireland

CALCHAS, 6,748/1899, Ocean SS Co (A Holt & Co), Liverpool-reg, 1-4.7in QF, 68 crew, Mr R Jon, sailing New York for Liverpool with 6,700t general cargo including food and ammunition, steaming at 12 1/2 kts. Torpedoed by U.80 (Alfred von Glasenapp), sank 5 miles W by S of Tearaght Is, off Dingle Bay (te/wi - in 52.00N 10.45W; un – 3 miles W by S of, in 52.00N, 10.40W; wi - also 5 miles W of) (H/L/te/unwi)

Atlantic off S Ireland

BARRISTER (1), 3,679/1915, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool-reg, 1-12pdr, 44 crew, Mr J Richards, sailing Pernambuco for Liverpool with 2,150t sugar, 300t maize and general cargo. Torpedoed by U.49 (Richard Hartmann), sank 7 miles SW of Mine Head, Co Waterford (te/un - in 51.48N, 07.46W; un – also 51.46N, 07.34W; wi - in 52.55N, 07.43.15W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
       
Western Mediterranean

Hindoo, 4,915/1906, Ellerman’s/Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull, armed, sailing Karachi for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.47 (Heinrich Metzger) (L/un - in 36.37N, 01.55E; un – between Algiers and Tenes, also 36.41N, 01.53E), beached outside Hagha, Algeria, refloated (H/L/ms/un)
   
Central Mediterranean

LIMASOL, sailing vessel, 100grt, sailing Genoa for Cyprus, cargo not listed. Captured by UC.35 (Ernst von Voigt), sunk by bombs 18 miles SW by W of Monte Cristo island, S of Elba island, off W Italy (H/L/un)



Saturday, 12 May 1917

Italian Front - Tenth Battle of the Isonzo to 8 June

Norwegian Sea
   
WIRRAL, 4,207/1911, Wirral Transport Co (J Edgar & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing London for Archangel with munitions. Torpedoed by U.19 (Johannes Spiess), sank 23 miles NW of Utvaer Is, W of Sula island, off Sognefiord (L/te/un - in 61.12N, 03.47E; un – also 61.06N, 03.51E); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

North Sea

Waterville, 1,968/1891, Balls & Stansfield, North Shields (un - New Line SS Co (R Mackie & Co), Leith), sailing Dunston for Havre with coke. Mined, laid by UC.6 (Werner von Zerboni di Sposetti) off Elbow Light Buoy, damaged, beached at Deal, refloated. Wrecked 26 November 1917 (H/L/ms/un)
       
English Channel

Two vessels sunk by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger):
   
GALICIA (1), passenger & cargo ship, 5,922/1901, Pacific Steam Navigation Co, Liverpool-reg, 1-12pdr, 63 crew, Mr E Pape, sailing Liverpool/London for Valparaiso with mails and general cargo. Mined, laid by UC.17 but not known when, foundered 3 miles E of Teignmouth Pier, Devon (te/un - in 50.32N, 03.24W; wi - in 50.33.16N, 03.26.17W) (H/L/te/un/wd)

G. L. C., sailing smack, 24grt, fishing. Captured, sunk by bomb 6 miles SE of Eddystone Rock, off Plymouth (L/wi - 16 mile SE of, in 50.02N, 03.55W) (H/L/wi)
 
Atlantic off NW Ireland

REFUGIO, 2,642/1905, Orders & Handford SS Co, Newport (Mon), armed, sailing Ardrossan for Huelva with coal (te - in ballast). Captured by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg), sunk by gunfire 115 miles NW 1/2 W of Tory Is (L/te/un - in 55.10N, 11.35W); one life lost. Von Georg was on British list of war criminals for this sinking, case did not go to court (H/L/ge/os/te/un)
 
Atlantic off SW Ireland

 Cuthbert, passenger & cargo ship, 3,834 (ms – 3,563)/1906, Booth SS Co, Liverpool, armed. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Mediterranean

Four armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):   

Calabria, passenger & cargo ship, 4,376/1901, Anchor Line (Henderson Bros), Glasgow. Chased, escaped (H/ms)

Cliffside, 5,850 (ms – 4,969)/1917, J Priestman, Newcastle. Torpedo missed. Wrecked in WW2 (H/ms)

Ismailia, passenger & cargo ship, 3,704 (ms – 3,660)/1881, Khedivial Mail SS Co, London. Torpedo missed (H/ms)

Rio Claro, 3,687/1904, Petersen & Co. Torpedo missed (H/ms)    
   
Western Mediterranean

ZANONI, 3,851/1907, Turner, Brightman & Co, London-reg, armed, sailing Tyne for Genoa with coal. Captured by U.34 (Johannes Klasing), sunk by torpedo 12 miles NE by E of Cape Oropesa, NE of Castellon, Spain (un – in 40.16N, 00.27E); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Central Mediterranean

LOCKSLEY HALL, passenger ship, 3,635/1893, Hall Line (R Alexander & Co), Glasgow, armed, sailing Madras for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.32 (Kurt Hartwig), sank 30 miles SE by S of Malta (L/te/un - in 35.23N, 14.56E); 6 lives lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)

EGYPTIAN PRINCE, 3,117/1902, Prince Line (Furness, Withy & Co), Newcastle, armed, sailing Alexandria for Manchester with general cargo. Captured by U.38 (Max Valentiner), sunk by bombs 240 miles SSE of Malta (un – in 34.20N, 18.52E) (H/L/te/un)



Sunday, 13 May 1917

North Sea

Fiscus, 4,170 (ms – 4,782)/1917, Tempus Shipping Co (Seager), Cardiff, armed. Torpedo missed. Sunk 20 December 1917 (H/ms)
   
English Channel

Galtee, 565 (ms – 508)/1881, Waterford SS Co, Waterford. Torpedo missed (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

JESSMORE, 3,911/1911, Johnston Line (Furness, Withy & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Baltimore for Manchester with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.48 (Karl Edeling), sank 180 miles WNW of Fastnet (L/te/un - in 51.18N, 14.20W; un – also 41.28N, 13.48W) (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   
Neilrose, 3,568 (ms – 3,542)/1906, J Holman & Sons, armed. Torpedo missed (H/Mn/ms)

Mediterranean

Two steamships shelled by U-boat(s):   

Anglo-Chilean, 6,900grt, armed, Mr Stanley Lord, master of SS Californian at the time of the loss of the Titanic. Saved by own gunfire (ms – probably 9,097/1916, Nitrate Producers’ SS Co (Lawther, Latta), London. Sunk in WW2) (H/ms/www)

Trevaylor, 4,249grt. Rescued

   

Monday, 14 May 1917
 
U.59 sunk in German minefield in North Sea off Horns Reef off Denmark
   
North Sea

BEL LILY, trawler, 168grt, Baynton & Jagger, Grimsby-reg GY1000, Skipper W Wood, Grimsby for fishing. Mined, laid by UC.49 (Alfred Arnold), foundered 1 1/2 m E by N of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire (wi - 1 1/2 m NNE from, in 57.31N, 01.43W); 10 lives lost, including Skipper (H/L/gy/un/wi)
   
English Channel

ELIZABETH HAMPTON, schooner, 108/1863, W H Robertson, Plymouth-reg, Mr C Bate, 4 crew, sailing Cardiff for Carentan with 151t coal, weather-bound at Falmouth for a month before arriving St Helen’s Road on 2nd for sailing orders, departed on 12th. Stopped at 1200 by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), stores and food taken off, bombs placed, sank 25 miles S by W of St Catherine's, IoW (un – 25 miles S of, or 20 miles SW 1/2 W of Dunose Point; wi - in 50.19N, 01.48W); crew picked by torpedo-boat/destroyer and landed at Portsmouth (H/L/un/wi)   
   
Atlantic off SW England

FARLEY, 3,692/1916, Mitre Shipping Co (Houlder, Middleton & Co), London, armed, sailing Cardiff for New York in ballast. Torpedoed by UC.17 (Ralph Wenninger), sank 70 miles SW 1/2 W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L - 75 miles SSW of; te/un - in 48.56N, 07.22W) (H/L/te/un)

Two armed steamships chased (s) off entrance to English Channel, saved:

Grelhame, 3,740grt. By own gunfire

Upcerne, 2,984grt. By the weather
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Arlington Court, 4,346/1905, Mitchell SS Co (G H Mitchell), London, armed, sailing St John (NB) for Cherbourg with timber. Torpedoed by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg) (L/un - in 51.24N, 11.20W), damaged, towed in to Castletown (Berehaven). Von Georg was on British list of war criminals for this attack, case did not go to court (H/L/ge/un)
   
CARNMONEY, iron barque, 1,299/1884, J Stewart (un – Marine Navigation Co of Canada Ltd, Montreal), Belfast-reg, sailing Buenos Aires for UK with maize. Captured by U.49 (Richard Hartmann), sunk by bombs 150 miles W of Fastnet (L/un - in 50.20N, 13.10W; un – also 50.38N, 13.10W) (H/L/Lr/un)

Mediterranean

Canara, 6,012grt, armed. Torpedo missed

Central Mediterranean

Volga, 4,404/1903, Volga SS Co (Gow, Harrison & Co), Glasgow, armed, sailing Karachi for unknown destination, laden. Torpedoed by U.63 (Otto Schultze) (un - E of Sicily, in 37.08N, 15.15N), damaged, beached at Messina, Sicily, refloated (H/L/Mn/un)



Tuesday, 15 May 1917

English Channel

CUBA, barquentine, 271/1875, Shaw & Rowles Sailing Co, Guernsey-reg, 7 crew, Mr R Kearon, Teignmouth for Tréport with clay. Gun attack by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt) at 1900, shells went through mainsail and into hull, crew abandoned ship at 1905, U-boat came alongside, planted bombs, Cuba sank 18 miles ESE of Owers LV, off Selsey Bill, Sussex (L/wi - 18 1/2 m ESE of, in 50.30.12N, 00.13.50W; un – 19 miles S83°W of); two crew wounded by the shelling, survivors landed ashore from own boat (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

POLYMNIA, 2,426/1903, "K" SS/Kaye, Son & Co, London-reg, 1-3pdr MkV, 27 crew, Mr R Baker, sailing Huelva/Lisbon for Cherbourg/Falmouth with fresh fruit and iron ore, steaming at 9kts. Torpedoed just abaft the engine room by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs) (un – at 0800), sank 15 miles W of Lizard Point, Cornwall (te/un - in 49.54N, 05.34W; wi - in 49.56N, 05.35W); 8 crew drowned(H/L/dk/te/un/wi)
        
Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Baychattan, 3,758grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire

Ibex, 951grt. Torpedo missed
   
Mediterranean

Nellore, 6,853grt, armed. Gun attack by U-boats, saved by own gunfire
   
Western Mediterranean

Pancras, 4,436/1911, Booth SS Co, Liverpool, armed, sailing Cardiff for Almeria with coal. Gun attack by U.47 (Heinrich Metzger) off Punta Sabinal, Spain, damaged, beached 2 miles W of Adra, near Almeria, refloated (H/L/un),   

TUNG SHAN, 3,999/1899, Sale & Co. London, armed, sailing Tyne for Genoa with coal. Captured by U.34 (Johannes Klasing), sunk by bombs 7 miles due N of Cape San Antonio, Gulf of Valencia, Spain (un – in 39.02N, 00.19E, at 1700); one life lost, master, chief engineer and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
   

       
Wednesday, 16 May 1917

UC.36 went missing in central English Channel sometime after the 16th

English Channel

Two armed steamships torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt) off Sussex:

PAGENTURM, 5,000/1909, The Admiralty (Grahams & Co), London-reg, 1-4in QF, 83 crew, sailing London/Sheerness for Barry with military stores, general cargo and one passenger. Sank 16 miles W of Beachy Head, near Eastbourne (te/un - in 50.40N, 00.10W; wi - in 50.38.01N, 00.12.56W); 4 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
HIGHLAND CORRIE, passenger cargo ship, 7,583/1910, Nelson Steam Navigation Co (H & W Nelson), London, Liverpool-reg, armed, sailing La Plata for London with frozen meat and a few passengers. Sank 4 miles S of Owers LV, off Selsey Bill (te/un - in 50.28N, 00.38W); 5 crew lost (H/L/dk/te/un/wd)
__________

KILMAHO, 2,155/1898, Seville & United Kingdom Carrying Co (J Cory & Sons), Cardiff-reg, 1-12pdr, 22 crew, sailing Cardiff for Dunkirk with railway material/components. (L/dk/te/un - 17th; un – possibly 2300 on 16th) - Torpedoed by UB.20 (Hermann Glimpf), sank 10 miles WNW of Lizard Point, Cornwall (te - in 49.58N, 05.28W; un/wi - in 49.58.35N, 05.19.40W); 21 crew lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)
       
Atlantic off NW Ireland

MIDDLESEX, 8,364 (un – 7,265)/1914, Federal Steam Navigation Co, Liverpool-reg, armed, Mr A Flemying, sailing Manchester for Australia with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.30 (Franz Grünert), sank 150 miles NW of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L/te/un/wi - in 56.03N, 12.30W) (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)

Western Mediterranean

DOROTHY DUFF, 3-masted schooner, 186/1906, Sydney (CB)-reg, W Duff & Sons, sailing from Gibraltar. Captured by U.34 (Johannes Klasing), sunk by bomb 14 miles off Cape Cullera, S of Valencia, Spain (H/L/Lr/un)

       

Thursday, 17 May 1917

U-boat warfare - Admiralty convoy committee set up; second US destroyer division arrived at Queenstown

North Sea

CITO, 819/1899, Wilson Line & North Eastern Railway Shipping, Hull-reg, sailing Hull for Rotterdam with general cargo. Shelled by German torpedo boats/destroyers, sank 20 miles E of North Hinder LV, W of Hook of Holland; 11 lives lost including master (H/L/Lr/ms)

Chiswick, 3,246grt, armed. Gun attack by U-boat, saved by own gunfire
   
English Channel

FLORENCE LOUISA, schooner, 115/1876, J Reney, Chester-reg, 4 crew, Mr C Savage, sailing Rouen for Briton Ferry with scrap steel (wi - soda). Captured by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sunk by bombs 8 miles S of The Needles, IoW (wi - 50.32N, 01.32W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Huntsholm, 2,073grt, armed. Torpedo missed    

Atlantic off W Ireland

LEWISHAM, 2,810/1898, Britain SS Co (Watts, Watts & Co), London, armed, sailing New York for Havre with wheat. (H – 14th, but date uncertain) - Torpedoed by U.46 (Leo Hillebrand), sunk (L/te/un - in 53.25N, 13.30W; un – also 53.28N, 13.25W); 24 lives lost, master and 2 gunners taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

GEORGE PYMAN, 3,859/1900, Pyman SS Co (G Pyman & Co), West Hartlepool-reg, armed, Mr H Hill, sailing Cienfuegos for Queenstown with sugar. Torpedoed by U.49 (Richard Hartmann), sank 130 miles NW of Tearaght Is (L/te/un/wi - in 52.55N, 13.56W; un – also 53.00N, 13.42W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

            

Friday, 18 May 1917

English Channel
   
Two vessels mined in field laid by UC.36 (Gustav Buch):

ELFORD, 1,739/1915, Sharp SS Co (Sharp & Co), Newcastle-reg, 21 crew, sailing Chatham for Cherbourg with government stores, including railway rolling stock. Mined at 0200, laid by UC.36, sank 2 miles S of the Nab LV, off IoW (L - about 4 1/2 m N by E of; wi - in 50.38.08N, 00.58.29W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

CAMBERWELL, 4,078/1903, Well Line (T & J Brocklebank Ltd, Liverpool), Sunderland-reg, 1-4.7in QF, 65 crew, Mr F Adamson, sailing Tees and London for Calcutta (wi - Colombo) with general cargo. Divers recently discovered she was also sailing with “quantities of 10 Rupee banknotes and HM government prepaid & stamped postcards, destined for use by British troops in India”. Warned by patrol vessel she was passing through a mined area and ordered to “keep out a bit”, sighted a floating mine, then at 0715 struck a moored contact mine under the starboard bow, laid by UC.36, took heavy list to starboard, sank quickly 6 miles SE by S of Dunnose Head, IoW (te/wi - in 50.35N, 01.03W); seven crew drowned when one of the boats capsized in lowering, the others got away, picked up by patrol vessels, landed at Portsmouth (H/L/te/un/wi)
__________

Two vessels captured by UC.70 (Werner Fürbringer) and sunk by gunfire:

DROMORE (2), 268/1903, S W Oakley, London-reg, sailing St Malo for Swansea in ballast. Sunk 6 miles S of St Martins Point, SE Guernsey (H/L/Lr/un)   

C. E. C. G., wood ketch, 47/1869, J F Picot, Jersey-reg, 4 crew (L - fishing at the time; wi - St Helier for Par in ballast). Stopped at 1500, ordered to abandon ship and questioned by the U-boat crew, sunk 30 miles SSE of Start Point, Devon (un – in 50.48N, 04.48W; wi - 49.48.30N, 03.12W); crew landed in own boat at Dartmouth (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
__________

Denetown, 653grt, armed. Gun attack, rescued
       
Atlantic off SW England

MARY BAIRD, 1,830/1908, Page Shipping Co, Cardiff, West Hartlepool-reg, 1-6pdr HA, sailing Rouen for Newport (Mon) in ballast. Mined, laid by UC.47 (Paul Hundius) sank 2 1/2 m W 1/2 N of Pendeen Cove/LH, near St Just, Cornwall (L - 6 miles S of Pendeen; wi - in 50.10.15N, 05.43.45W); 7 lives lost (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)

Two fishing vessels (L - trawlers) on fishing grounds, captured by UB.20 (Hermann Glimpf) and sunk by gunfire:

ADVENTURE, 50grt. Sunk 49 miles W by S of Wolf Rock, near Lands End (un – 25 miles SW of Bishop Rock) (H/L/un)

PRIMROSE (4), 62grt. Sunk 22 miles W by S 1/2 S of Bishop Rock, Scillies (un – 22 miles S 1/2 W of) (H/L/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two armed steamships torpedoed by U.46 (Leo Hillebrand), both masters taken prisoner:

LLANDRINDOD, 3,841/1900, Llandrindod SS Co (E Thomas, Radcliffe & Co), Cardiff, London-reg, Mr S Owen, sailing Port Natal for Glasgow with corn/maize. Sank 165 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L - in 51.35N, 13.58W; un – 51.45N, 13.58W; wi - 130 miles WNW of Blasket Is, in 51.55N, 13.58W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
PENHALE, 3,712/1911, Penhale SS Co (R B Chellew), Falmouth-reg, armed, Mr J Lowry, Jucaro/Halifax (NS) for Queenstown with sugar. Sank 72 miles NW by N 1/2 N of Tearaght Is, Co Kerry (L/te/un/wi - in 52.48N, 12.15W; un – also 53.01N, 12.44W; wi - but 80 miles WNW of Loop Head, Co Clare); one crew killed by explosion (L/te/un/wi)
 
 

Saturday, 19 May 1917
   
English Channel

Kumu, trawler, 315/1913, Clifton Steam Trawler, Fleetwood-reg FD176, fishing. Mined off Teignmouth, beached on Addicombe Beach, refloated. Not listed in Uboat.net, so possibly not U-boat-laid mine (L/fd)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

FARNHAM, 1898, 3,102grt, Thompson SS Co (V T Thompson & Co), Sunderland, armed, sailing Bizerta for Glasgow with iron ore. Torpedoed by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg), sank 90 miles NW of Fastnet (L/te - 10 miles W of Brow Head, near Mizen Head, Dunmanus Bay, in c51.23N, 09.58W; un – also 51.28N, 10.16W); 17 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Celtic, 20,904grt, armed. Torpedo missed
           
Atlantic

Kwarra, 4,441grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Atlantic W of Gibraltar

Karagola, 7,000grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen

Western Mediterranean

MARDINIAN, 3,322/1913, Papayanni Line (un – Ellerman Lines, Liverpool), armed, sailing Calicut for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.34 (Johannes Klasing), sank 4 miles S by W of Tabarca Is, S of Alicante, Spain (un – in 38.05N, 00.31W, also 9 miles S of Cabo Santa Pola) (H/L/te/un)
   
Central Mediterranean

MORDENWOOD, 3,125/1910, Joseph Constantine, Middlebrough, armed. (L - 18th) - Torpedoed by Austrian U.XXIX (Leo Prásil), sank 90 miles SE by S 1/2 S of Cape Matapan, Greece (te/un - in 35.02N, 22.05E); 21 lives lost, master either killed or taken prisoner (H/L/dk/te/un)

   

Sunday, 20 May 1917

North Sea

Birchgrove, 2,821grt, armed. Torpedo and machine gun attack by German seaplanes, torpedoes missed, saved by own gunfire

English Channel
   
British steamship (and an Admiralty collier) torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), 16 miles W by S of Beachy Head, Sussex:

TYCHO, 3,216/1904, Ellerman’s Wilson Line, Hull-reg, 1-3pdr MkV, 33 crew, sailing Bombay via Falmouth for Hull with general cargo. Hit abreast No.2 hatch at 1810, sank at 1840 (L - c16m; un – 16 miles W 1/2 S of; wi - in 50.37.20N, 00.08.30W); 15 crew lost including master, survivors apparently picked up by SS Porthkerry (following)  (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un/wi)
__________

Two sailing vessels heading from St Malo for Fowey in ballast, captured by UC.36 (Gustav Buch) and sunk by bombs 25 miles N of Les Hanois rocks, Guernsey, Channel Is (L/un - 20 miles NW of Guernsey):

DANA, brigantine, 182/1874, C Thompson, Hull-reg (H/L/Lr/un)

MIENTJI, 120grt (H/L/un)
__________

Southwestern Miller, 6,514grt, armed. Chased, saved by escort

Western Mediterranean

CASPIAN, 3,606/1894, Mitre Shipping Co (Houlder, Middleton & Co), London-reg, armed, sailing Antofagasta for Savona with nitrate. Captured by U.34 (Johannes Klasing), sunk by torpedo 3 1/2 m E of Cape Cervera, near Alicante, Spain (L - about 12 miles NE of Cape Palos; un – in 37.53N, 00.22W); 25 lives lost including master, chief engineer, 2nd officer and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/dk/te/un)



Monday, 21 May 1917

UB.36 rammed and sunk by French steamer Moliere in English Channel off Ushant
   
North Sea

Highgate, 1,780grt. Torpedo missed
   
English Channel

JUPITER, 2,124/1901, W C (or R) Bradley, West Hartlepool, Hull-reg, 1-3pdr MkV, 25 crew, sailing Dieppe for Manchester in ballast. Torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sank 15 miles W of Beachy Head, Sussex (te/un - in 50.38N, 00.05W; wi - in 50.40.20N, 00.08W); 19 crew lost including master (H/L/dk/te/un/wi)   

CITY OF CORINTH, 5,870/1913, Ellerman’s Lines (Hall Line Ltd), Liverpool-reg, 1-13pdr, 68 crew, sailing Singapore for London with 8,500t general cargo, steaming at 12 1/2 kts. Torpedoed by UB.31 (Thomas Bieber), sank 12 miles SW of Lizard Point, Cornwall (L/wi - 10 miles SW of; te/un/wi - in 49.54N, 05.30W; un – at 1540) (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Medora, 5,135grt. Torpedo missed off Lizard Point

Karroo, 6,127grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
       
Atlantic off NW Ireland

Austrian, 3,127grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   
Central Mediterranean
       
British steamship (and an Admiralty collier), both sailing South Wales for Alexandria sunk by U.65 (Hermann von Fischel):

DON DIEGO, 3,632/1906, sailing Buenos Aires & Pacific Railway Co (G Dodd), London, sailing from Swansea with government stores. Captured, sunk by gunfire 40 miles E by S of Linosa Is, between Malta and Tunisia (L/te/un - in 35.50N, 13.40E; un – also 35.56N, 13.45E); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

    

Tuesday, 22 May 1917

U-boat Warfare - First trial Mediterranean convoy sailed from Malta for Alexandria, controlled and directed locally

North Sea

LANTHORN, 2,299/1889, J Westoll (un – Gas Light & Coke Co (S Clarke & Co), London), Sunderland-reg, 18 crew, Mr W Shewan, sailing London for Tyne in ballast. Captured by UB.41 (Günther Krause), sunk by bombs 3 miles E of Whitby, Yorkshire (wi - in 54.30.05N, 00.28.55W) (H/L/te/un/wi)   

English Channel
   
 Ioanna, 3,459grt, armed. Chased, rescued

Atlantic

Myrtle Branch, 3,741grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   
Mediterranean

Marie Suzanne, 3,106grt, armed. Torpedo missed. Admiralty collier when sunk 19 August 1918   



Wednesday, 23 May 1917
   
Atlantic off Faeroes

Two Grimsby-reg trawlers fishing captured and sunk by UC.33 (Martin Schelle) on Faroe Banks, off N end of Sudero island/Suduroy, S Faeroes:

OLEARIA, 209/1899, North Eastern Steam Fishing. Sunk by bombs 65 miles WSW of (H/L/Lr/gy)
   
SISAPON, 211/1905, Standard Steam Fishing, Grimsby-reg. Captured 60 miles WSW of, fate not listed (H/L/Lr/gy)

English Channel

Carperby, 2,104grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   
Atlantic off SW England

Nellore, 6,853grt, armed. U-boat attack at entrance to English Channel, torpedo missed
       
Atlantic off S Ireland

Chicago City, 2,324/1892, Chas Hill & Sons, Bristol, armed, sailing New York for Bristol with general cargo. (un – 24th, or late on 23rd, British time;  L – 23 May 1918) - Torpedoed by UC.62 (Max Schmitz) off Kinsale, damaged, towed into Queenstown, beached; 2 lives lost (H/L/un),
 
Bay of Biscay

LESTO, 1,940/1916, Pelton SS Co, Newcastle, armed, sailing Bilbao for Garston with iron ore. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel) sank 8 miles W of Ile du Pilier, off Loire estuary (L - 10 miles W of Le Blanc LH; te/un - in 46.57N, 02.30W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)   

Central Mediterranean

ELMMOOR, 3,744/1910, Moor Line Ltd (W Runciman & Co), London, armed, sailing Karachi for Leghorn with wheat. Torpedoed by UC.67 (Karl Neumann), sank 36 miles E by S of Syracuse, Sicily (un – in 36.45N, 16.09E; te - 37.00N, 16.20E); master taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/ge/te/un)
   


Thursday, 24 May 1917
   
U-boat Warfare - First trial Atlantic HH convoy sailed from Hampton Roads for UK, 12 ships escorted by armoured cruiser Roxburgh and met by 8 destroyers, arrived successfully; third US Destroyer Division reached Queenstown; UC.24 sunk by French submarine Circe in southern Adriatic

Atlantic off W Scotland

JERSEY CITY, 4,670/1914, St Just SS (un – Great City SS Co (W Reardon Smith & Sons), Bideford), armed, sailing Pensacola for Stornoway (te - Hull) with wheat. Torpedoed by U.46 (Leo Hillebrand) (ge/os - by U.57 commanded by Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg), sank 35 miles NW of the Flannan Isles, W of Lewis island, Outer Hebrides (te/un - in 58.30N, 08.36W; un – also 58.38N, 08.21W); master taken prisoner. Von Georg was on the British list of war criminals for this attack, the case did not go to court. Leo Hillebrand was not on the list (H/L/ge/os/te/un)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Madura, cargo steamship, 4,484/1901, Glasgow Navigation Co (Maclay & McIntyre), Glasgow, armed. U-boat attack at entrance to English Channel, two torpedoes fired, one missed and one failed to explode. Sunk 18 October 1917 (H/L/ms)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

BELGIAN, 3,657/1900, Liverpool-reg, F Leyland & Co (1900), armed, Mr W Atkinson, sailing New Orleans for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg), sank 50 miles W 1/2 S of Fastnet (L/te/un/wi - in 50.59N, 10.42W; wi - also 50 miles W by S of); 2 crew lost (H/L/te/un)
               
Central Mediterranean

McCLURE, 3-mast schooner, 220/1900, Picton (NS)-reg, I A Hopkins, sailing St John's (NF) for Naples with codfish. Captured by UC.35 (Ernst von Voigt), sunk by bombs 30 miles E by S of Cape Carbonara, SE Sardinia (H/L/Lr/un)



Friday, 25 May 1917

English Channel

SJAELLAND, 1,405/1872, was Copenhagen-reg, now Newcastle-reg, R S Dalgliesh, 18 crew, Mr C Svarrer, sailing Havre for Swansea/Barry Roads in ballast. Captured by UC.66 (Herbert Pustkuchen), sunk by gunfire 18 miles E by N of Start Point, Devon (wi - in 50.19.10N, 03.12W); master lost his life (H/L/te/unwi)

New Pioneer, 722grt. Chased, escaped
       
Atlantic off W Ireland

Two steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Manchester Inventor (2), 4,112grt. Chased, escaped

Myrtle Branch, 3,741grt, armed. Torpedo missed

Atlantic off S Ireland

Rabymere, 1,776grt, armed. Torpedo missed
       
Mediterranean

Atlas (1), 3,090grt, armed. Torpedo missed
       
Eastern Mediterranean

KOHINUR, 2,265/1905, Asiatic Steam Navigation Co, Liverpool, armed, sailing Salonica for Karachi in ballast. Torpedoed by U.38 (Max Valentiner), sank 150 miles N of Alexandria (un – in 33.20N, 29.50E); 37 lives lost including master (H/L/Mn/te/un)
   


Saturday, 26 May 1917

North Sea

Baku Standard, tanker, 3,708grt. Chased, saved by escort (Admiralty chartered oiler when sunk)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Inverness, 3,734grt, armed. U-boat attack off Scillies, torpedo missed
       
Atlantic off N Ireland

SAINT MIRREN, full-rigged steel sailing ship, 1,956/1892, Glasgow-reg, Ship Conway Castle Co (R Thomas & Co), 27 crew, Mr J Williams, sailing Clyde for Santos with patent coal fuel. Captured by U.87 (Rudolf Schneider), sunk by gunfire 45 miles NW of Inistrahull, off Co Donegal (un – in 55.55N, 08.25W; wi - 55.50N, 08.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Inca, 3,593grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   
Mediterranean

Clan Graham, 5,213grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Western Mediterranean

DOVER CASTLE, hospital ship, ex-passenger ship, 8,271/1904, London-reg, Union Castle Mail SS Co (D Currie & Co), sailing Malta for Gibraltar with hospital staff and stores, 832 patients, medical staff, crew on board, in company with hospital ship Karapara, escorted by destroyers Camelon and Nemesis. Torpedoed by UC.67 (Karl Neumann), Cameleon took off wounded, hospital staff and most of the crew except those who stayed with the ship, then hit by second torpedo and sank soon after, 50 miles N of Bona, Algeria (te/un - in 37.54N, 07.36E); 7 engine-room crew killed in initial explosion (tr - all patients and crew saved), most patients taken to Gibraltar on Karapara. Neuman was on British list of war criminals for sinking a hospital ship, tried at Leipzig June 1921, but acquitted on grounds he was obeying orders (H/L/Mn/me/ge/os/te/tr/un/wd)
   
Central Mediterranean

UMARIA, 5,317/1914, British India Steam Navigation Co, Glasgow, armed, sailing Calcutta for UK with general cargo. Captured by U.65 (Hermann von Fischel), sunk by torpedo 20 miles SW by S of Policastro, SE of Salerno, Italy (L - 10 miles SE of Cape Palinuro; un – in 39.48N, 15.12E); 5 lives lost, chief engineer, 2nd officer and cadet taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)



Sunday, 27 May 1917

English Channel

Indian Transport, 4,111grt, armed, Havre for Barry Roads in ballast. Gun attack (L - in 50.14N, 01.07W), saved by own gunfire, damaged according to Lloyds (H/L)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Meaford, 1,889grt, armed. Chased off entrance to English Channel, saved by own gunfire
           
Atlantic off SW Ireland

DARTMOOR, 2,870/1892, South Shields-reg, J & P Hutchinson, armed, sailing Bona/Gibraltar for Garston with iron ore. Torpedoed (gs/os - by UB.64 commanded by Otto von Schrader; te/un - UC.50 by Rudoph Seuffer), sank 35 miles SE of Fastnet (te/un - in 51.09N, 08.46W); 25 lives lost including master. Von Schrader was on British list of war criminals for this sinking, case did not go to court. Note: UB.64 was not commissioned until August 1917 and von Schrader did not take over command until February 1918, whereas UC.50 commissioned December 1916 (H/L/ge/os/te/un)

Bay of Biscay

Cymric Vale, 3,580grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire

   

Monday, 28 May 1917

Atlantic off SW England

Two armed steamships torpedoed by U.86 (Friedrich Crüsemann) off Bishop Rock, Scillies:

LIMERICK, cargo ship with passenger accommodation and refrigerated cargo capacity, 6,827/1898, Union SS Co of New Zealand, London, sailing Sydney for London with frozen meat and general cargo. Sank 140 miles W 1/2 S of (L/te/un - in 48.53N, 09.45W); 8 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
ANTINOE, 2,396/1907, London-reg, Egypt & Levant SS Co (T Bowen Rees & Co), sailing Seville for Newport with iron ore. Sank 150 miles WSW of (L - 60-80 miles SW of Scillies; te/un - in 48.50N, 10.10W); 21 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Cresswell, 2,829grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Atlantic off NW France

ANCONA, 1,168/1888, J Hall Jnr & Co, London, sailing Falmouth for Lisbon and Spanish ports with general cargo. Listed as missing by Lloyds, uboat.net confirms torpedoed and sunk by UC.70 (Werner Fürbringer), 110 miles WSW of Ushant; no survivors (un only) RN CAS

DETLEF WAGNER, 3-mast iron schooner, 225/1891, Dublin-reg, Job Tyrrell, Lisbon for Jersey with wine. Captured by UC.72 (Ernst Voigt), sunk by bombs 5 miles W of Armen Rock or LH, off Ile de Sein, SW of Brest (L - 6 miles W by N of) (H/L/Lr/un)



Tuesday, 29 May 1917
       
North Sea

Grangetown, 1,640grt, armed. Torpedo missed
       
English Channel

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:

Peebles, 4,284grt, Tyne for Genoa with coal. Gun attack (L - in 50.32N, 00.23W), damaged according to Lloyds, put into Falmouth on 30th (H/L)
       
Hyson, 6,608grt. Chased
   
Atlantic off SW England
   
OSWEGO, 5,793/1916, Ellerman’s Wilson Line, Hull, armed, sailing New York for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.86 (Friedrich Crüsemann), sank 175 miles W 1/2 S of Bishop Rock (L - in 48.45N, 10.15W; un – 48.44N, 10.15W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

CLAN MURRAY, turret hull steamship, 4,835/1897, Glasgow-reg, Clan Line/Cayzer, Irvine & Co, armed, sailing Port Pirie for Belfast with wheat. (L - 28th) - Torpedoed (te/un - by UC.55, Theodor Schultz; ge/os - U.152, Constantin Kolbe), sank 40 miles W by S of Fastnet (L - about 30 miles S of the LH; te - in 50.57N, 10.12W; un – 50.57N, 10.21W); 64 lives lost including master, 3rd officer and probably 3rd engineer taken prisoner. The original British list of war criminals held Constantin Kolbe responsible for this sinking, but U.152 was not commissioned until 10/17; Schultz was not listed (H/L/Mn/dk/ge/os/te/un)

Pavia, 2,945grt, armed. Torpedo missed



Wednesday, 30 May 1917
   
English Channel
   
LISBON, 1,203/1910, Liverpool-reg, Papayanni Line/Ellerman Lins Ltd (F Swift), 1-6pdr, 25 crew, sailing Newhaven for Boulogne with government stores and general cargo, 3 passengers. Mined, laid by UC.62 (Max Schmitz), sank about 5 miles S of Royal Sovereign LV, off Eastbourne, Sussex (wi - in 50.41.13N, 00.32.20E); one crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
CORBET WOODALL, 917/1908, London-reg, Stephenson, Clarke & Co, 1-4.7in QF, 16 crew, Mr J Thompson, sailing South Shields for Poole with coal. Mined starboard-side amidships at 1030, laid by UC.36 (Gustav Buch), sank within 5min, 1 1/2 m E of Nab LV off IoW (wi - in 50.40.42N, 00.55.30W); crew saved by patrol vessel and landed at Portsmouth (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off SW England

Two steamships sunk by U.87 (Rudolf Schneider) off Bishop Rock, Scillies:

BATHURST, passenger ship, 2,821/1893, Liverpool-reg, British & African Steam Navigation Co (Elder, Dempster & Co), Glasgow, sailing West Africa for Hull with mahogany logs and palm kernels. Gun attack, stopped and sunk by torpedo 90 miles W of (L - 90 miles W of Scillies; te/un - in 49.23N 08.43W); crew rescued by armed trawler (H/L/Mn/te/un)

HANLEY, 3,331/1902, Lewis SS Co (T Lewis), Cardiff, armed, sailing Bahia Blanca for Falmouth with oats. Torpedoed 95 miles W of (L/te/un - in 49.23N, 08.43W); one life lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

El Uruguayo, 8,361grt. Chased, escaped

San Ricardo, tanker, 6,465grt. Gun attack, saved by escort (H/Mn)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Fernley, 3,820/1901, Christian Salvesen & Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Havana for Queenstown with sugar. Torpedoed (ge - by U.152 commanded by Constantin Kolbe; un – by UC.55 (Theodor Achultz) off Dingle Bay in 51.35N, 10.40W, damaged, towed in to Castletown (Berehaven). Note: Kolbe was on British list of war criminals for this attack but U.152 was not commissioned, with Kolbe in command, until 10/17 (H/L/ge/un)
               
Mediterranean

Cairnross, 4,016grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   


Thursday, 31 May 1917

Atlantic off NW Ireland

ESNEH, 3,247/1909 (un – 1908), Moss SS Co (J Moss & Co), Liverpool-reg, armed, Mr J Anderson, sailing Liverpool for Alexandria with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms), sank 190 miles NW by W of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L/te/un/wi - in 55.50N, 13.50W; un – also in 55.27N, 14.00W) (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Central Mediterranean

ROSEBANK, 3,837/1901, Pyman SS Co (G Pyman & Co), West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Port Said for Malta with part cargo of wine/in ballast. Torpedoed by UC.73 (Kurt Schapler), sank 120 miles N of Ben Ghazi/Benghazi, Libya (L/te/un - in 34.09N, 19.35E); 2 lives lost, master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

Eastern Mediterranean

Ozarda, 4,791/1913, British India Steam Navigation Co, Glasgow, armed, sailing Karachi for Salonica with grain and flour. (L - 30th) – Torpedoed (un – mined, laid by UC.34 (Robert Sprenger)) near Port Said in 32N, 32.18E, damaged, beached E of outer breakwater Port Said, refloated (H/L)





JUNE 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in June: 122 merchant ships totalling 417,925grt - 1 of 3,947grt to surface ships, 116 of 391,004grt to submarines, 4 of 19,256grt to mines, 1 of 3,718grt to aircraft; plus 21 fishing vessels totalling 1,342grt - 20 of 1,296grt to submarines, 1 of 46grt to mines (H)
   

Friday, 1 June 1917

Barents Sea

Cotovia, 4,020grt, armed. Gun attack in Arctic, saved by own gunfire

English Channel

Antinous, 3,682grt, armed. U-boat attack off Lizard Point, torpedo missed

Atlantic off Orkneys

TEAL (3), trawler, 141/1893, Aberdeen-reg, Standard Fishing Co, fishing. Captured by U.57 (Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg), sunk by gunfire 57 miles NW by N of Sule Skerry island, W of Orkneys (un – in 59.13N, 04.16W). Von Georg on British list of war criminals for this sinking, case did not go to court (H/L/Lr/ge/os/un)
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

CAVINA, 6,539/1915, Belfast-reg, Elders & Fyffes Ltd, 1-4.7in QF, 86 crew, Mr O Jones, sailing Port Limon/Santa Marta for Avonmouth with bananas, hardwood logs and 9 passengers, steaming at 15kts. Torpedoed by U.88 (Walther Schwieger), sank 45 miles W by S of Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork (L/te/un/wi - in 50.56N, 10.35W; wi - also 45 miles W of) (H/L/te/un/wi)RN CAS

Turnbridge, 2,874grt, armed. Gun attack, escaped (Admiralty collier when sunk)   

Atlantic

Cymric Vale, 3,580grt, armed. Chased, escaped (H/Mn))
   
Central Mediterranean

Kingstonian, 6,564grt, armed. Ashore near Cape Granitola, Sicily, U-boat attacked, torpedo missed
       


Saturday, 2 June 1917
 
Atlantic off Faeroes

HOLLINGTON, 4,221/1912, F S Holland, London, armed, sailing Liverpool for Archangel in ballast. (te/un - 3rd) - Torpedoed by U.95 (Athalwin Prinz), sank 14 miles S of; 30 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

English Channel

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Tonawanda, tanker, 3,421/1893, Anglo-American Oil Co, London, sailing Dover for Maryport in ballast. Torpedoed by UC.21 (Reinhold Saltzwedel) 10 miles W of Beachy Head, damaged, put into Newhaven Bay (H/L/un)   
   
Waiwera, 6,237grt. Torpedo missed off Lizard Point
       
Atlantic off Orkneys

Two trawlers on fishing grounds captured by U.96 (Heinrich Jess) and sunk by gunfire:

SHAMROCK (2), 170/1904, Glasgow-reg, J S Boyle. Sunk 66 miles NNE of Sule Skerry islet, W of Orkneys (H/L/Lr/un)

ST BERNARD, 186/1900, Grimsby-reg, John L Green. Sunk 65 miles N by W of Noup Head, Westray island (L - 60 miles N by W of) (H/L/Lr/gy/un)
   
Atlantic

Hypatia, 5,663grt, armed. Torpedo missed

Mediterranean

Snowdonian, 3,870grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by smoke screen (Admiralty collier when sunk)
       
Eastern Mediterranean

CAMERONIAN, troopship/horse transport, ex-German cargo steamship, 5,861/1913, Hamburg-Amerika Line, found by Royal Navy abandoned in Cameroon River in 1915, now Liverpool-reg, Leyland Line, armed, sailing Liverpool/Suda Bay for Alexandria with (84 1/2 ) troops, mails and consignment of mules. Torpedoed by UC.34 (Robert Sprenger), sank 50 miles NW by N 1/2 N of Alexandria (L/te/un - in 31.53N, 29.19E); 52 soldiers, 10 crew lost (H - 11 crew only, including master; un – 42) (H/L/Mn/dk/ge/me/te/un/www) 

South Pacific

WAIRUNA, 3,947/1904, London-reg, Union SS Co, Auckland for San Francisco with coal, mixed cargo including copra, kauri gum, pelts. Wolf was anchored off Sunday Is, Kermadec group, NE of New Zealand for maintenance with one boiler down, smoke spotted, Friedrichshafen FF.33e seaplane “Wolfchen” took off at 1530 and dropped weighted bag to Wairuna with instructions to head for Wolf’s position, the British ship failed to stop completely and a bomb was dropped to emphasise the orders. On reaching Sunday Is, Wairuna anchored and stores were trans-shipped until the 7th. Prepared for scuttling, she steamed out late on the 16th, sunk next day around 0745 by opened sea-cocks, bombs and 16-5.9in shells fired into the waterline. The delay in sinking was caused by an American schooner arriving which was stopped and captured (H/L/Mn/kp)



Sunday, 3 June 1917

Norwegian Sea

MERIONETH, 3,004/1916, Harrogate SS Co (Jenkins Bros), Cardiff, armed, sailing Cardiff for Archangel with coal. Captured by U.28 (Georg Schmidt), sunk by gunfire 105 miles N by W of Tromso (L/un - in 71.20N, 16.20E) (H/L/Mn/te/un)

North Sea

VIRGILIA, trawler, 209/1900, Grimsby-reg, North Eastern Steam Fishing, Skipper A Rawlings, sailing for Grimsby. Captured by UC.77 (Reinhard von Rabenau), sunk by bombs 5 miles E of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (wi - in 57.10N, 01.51W); Skipper taken prisoner (H/L/Lr/Mn/gy/un/wi)
       
GERALDA, sailing smack, 46grt (L - Giralda, 58grt), fishing. Mined, laid by UC.4 (Georg Reimarus), sank 22 miles NE 1/2 E of Cromer, Norfolk (L/un/wi - 20 miles NE 1/2 E of, in 53.09.30N, 01.43E; un – also NE of Aldeburgh, in Barrage 343) (H/L/un/wi)

English Channel

PRUDENCE, sailing smack, c25grt, fishing. Captured by UB.23 (Hans Ewald Niemer), sunk by gunfire 15 miles WSW of Eddystone Rock, off Plymouth (wi - in 50N, 04.32W) (H/L/un/wi)
         
Atlantic off NW Ireland

San Lorenzo, tanker, 9,607/1914, Eagle Oil Transport Co, London, armed, sailing Greenock for unknown destination, in ballast. Torpedoed by U.54 (Kurt Heeseler) c120 miles NW of Tory Is (un – in 56.05N, 12.10W), damaged, put into Lough Swilly (H/L/un)
   
Western Mediterranean

Two colliers (one Admiralty chartered) captured by U.33 (Gustav Siess) off Cape Falcon, near Oran, Algeria:

GREENBANK, turret hull steamship, 3,881/1905, G B Harland & Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Cardiff for Alexandria with coal. Sunk by torpedo 12 miles N of (L/te - in 36N, 00.50W; un – 36.05N, 01.04W); one life lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)

   

Monday, 4 June 1917

 Atlantic off N Scotland

Cornhill, 900grt. Gun attack off Cape Wrath, rescued

Atlantic off NW Ireland

CITY OF BARODA, 5,541 (un – 5.032)/1911, Liverpool-reg, Ellerman Lines (Hall Line), armed, Mr E Mason, sailing Liverpool for Calcutta with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.53 (Kurt Albrecht), sank 90 miles NW 1/2 N of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L/te/un/wi - in 56N, 10.20W); 6 crew lost (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)
 
SOUTHLAND, troopship/transport, passenger ship, 11,899/1900, American Line (ms/un – International Navigation Co), Liverpool-reg, armed, Mr J Kelk, Liverpool for Philadelphia with general cargo. Torpedoed twice by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sank 140 miles NW 1/2 W of Tory Is (L/wd/wi - in 56.01N, 12.14W; ms/un – 56.10N, 12.14W); 4 crew lost (H/L/Mn/ms/te/un/wd/wi)

Atlantic off W Ireland

PHEMIUS, 6,699/1913, Ocean SS Co (A Holt & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for Hong Kong with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.45 (Hubert Aust), sank 80 miles NW 1/2 N of Eagle Is, Co Mayo (L - 100 miles WNW of Lough Swilly; te/un - in 54.56N, 12.07W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic

Two armed steamships shelled by U-boat(s), saved by own guns:

Manchester Port, 4,093grt (H/Mn)

Miniota, 4,928/1914, London & Northern SS Co (Pyman Bros), London. Sunk 31 August 1917 (H/Mn/ms)
       
Central Mediterranean

MANCHESTER TRADER, 3,938/1902, Manchester Liners, Manchester, armed, sailing Suda Bay for Algiers in ballast. Chased by U.65 (Hermann von Fischel; Mn - by UC.67), for over 4 hours before capture, sunk by gunfire 8 miles SE of Pantellaria Is (L - about 50 miles E of; un – in 36.58N, 12.36E); one life lost, captain changed into dungerees and 2nd officer taken prisoner instead (H/L/Mn/ge/te/un)
   


Tuesday, 5 June 1917

U-boat Warfare - The Allied Submarine Detection “Investigation Committee” (ASDIC - the meaning of the “IC” is still questioned) approved the development of the first active sonar using transmitted sound. The first trials were carried out at Harwich and although a number of vessels had been equipped by the end of the war, ASDIC did not become operational in WW1
   
English Channel

LAURA ANN, schooner, 116/1855, Yarmouth-reg, R G Foster, 4 crew, Treport for Runcorn with granite boulders. Captured by UB.23 (Hans Ewald Niemer), sunk by gunfire 20 miles SSE of Beachy Head, near Eastbourne (L/wi - 20 miles SW of, in 50.27N, 00.00); master lost his life (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

Graciana, 3,536grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

MANCHESTER MILLER, 4,234/1903, Manchester Liners, Manchester, armed, sailing Philadelphia for Manchester with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.66 (Thorwold von Bothmer), sank 190 miles NW 1/2 N of Fastnet (L/un - 52.49W, 14.07W); 8 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
NW Mediterranean

KALLUNDBORG, 1,590/1898, Sir Edward Hain & Son, St Ives, armed, sailing Genoa for Bougie in ballast. Captured by U.64 (Robert Moraht), sunk by bombs 80 miles SSW of Toulon (L - 70 miles off Cape Sicie; un – in 42.58N, 05.38E); one life lost (H/L/te/un)



Wednesday, 6 June 1917

U-boat Warfare - After months of debate about the pros and cons of convoying merchant ships, the Admiralty set up a Convoy Committee in mid-May, which now reported with detailed proposals. Following the trial Gibraltar and Atlantic convoys, these were approved on 14/6/17 for implementation as soon as the escort forces were available

Atlantic off SW England

PARTHENIA, 5,160/1901, Donaldson Line (Donaldson Brors), Glasgow, armed, sailing New York for London with general cargo, oats and steel. Torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms), sank 140 miles W by N of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L - 140 miles W of Scilly; un – in 49.28N, 09.15W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

Tuskar, 1,159grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Central Mediterranean

Mitra, tanker, 5,592/1911, Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, London, armed, sailing Hurghada for Genoa with oil fuel. (L - 5th; un – or 5th) – mined, laid by UC.25 (Johannes Feldkirchner; H - torpedoed), 4 miles S54ºE of Cape Passaro, damaged, put into Syracuse (H/L/un)



Thursday, 7 June 1917

North Sea

GOLDEN HOPE, fishing vessel, 22/1903 (L/un/wi - trawler, 67grt), James Murray, fishing. Captured by UC.45 (Hubert Aust), sunk by bombs about 30 miles E of Kinnairds Head, Fraserburgh (wi - in 57.43N, 01.04W). Aust was on British list of war criminals for this sinking, the case did not go to court (H/L/ge/os/un/wi)

SIR FRANCIS, 1,991/1910, London-reg, Cory Colliers, 1-3pdr MkV, 22 crew, Mr R Strickland, sailing London for Tyne in ballast, steaming at 10kts. Torpedoed by UB.21 (Franz Walther) in No.3 hold at 0440, started to go down by the stern, sank 2 miles NE of Scarborough, Yorkshire (L - 3 miles NE of; te/un - in 54.19N, 00.22W; wi - in 54.19N, 00.20W); 10 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
English Channel

Two armed steamships sailing London for Philadelphia,  torpedoed and damaged by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt) off Sussex:

Oldfield Grange, 4,653/1913, Houlder Line (Houlder Bros & Co), West Hartlepool, in ballast. Hit about 11 miles E of Owers LV, off Selsey Bill, beached off Worthing on 8th, later refloated (H/L/un)

Mahopac, 3,216/1887, Atlantic Transport Line, London, loaded with general cargo. Torpedoed in 50.44N, 00.12W, beached 2 1/2 m SE of Worthing Pier on 8th, refloated, arrived Southampton Water (H/L/un)
__________
   
WILHELM, ex-German 3-mast steel schooner, 187/1909, seized at Fowey, London-reg, requisitioned by Admiralty, 5 crew, Glasgow for Lannion with 260t coal, making 2kts. Captured by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs), hit by gunfire 20 miles SE by S of Lizard Point, Cornwall (L - 18 miles SE of; wi - in 49.46.30N, 04.46W), abandoned while still afloat, not seen again (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two steamships torpedoed by U.66 (Thorwold von Bothmer):

Cranmore, 3,157/1905, Johnston Line (Furness, Withy & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing Baltimore for Manchester with general cargo. Damaged in 52.46N, 14.24W (un – also about 150 miles NW of Fastnet), beached, refloated (L - arrived Galway on 8th) (H/L/un)

IKALIS, 4,329/1900, Leyland Shipping Co (J H Weslford & Co), Liverpool, armed, sailing New York for Liverpool with wheat. Sank 170 miles NW 1/2 W of Fastnet (L/te/un - in 52.19N, 13.57W) (H/L/te/un)
__________

JONATHAN HOLT, 1,522/1910, J Holt & Co, Liverpool, armed, Sierra Leone for Liverpool with palm oil and kernels. Torpedoed by U.54 (Kurt Heeseler), sank 130 miles NW by W 1/2 W of Fastnet (L/te/un - in 51.42N, 14.10W; un – also 51.38N, 14.05W) (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off NW France

Imani, 4,590grt, armed. Gun attack W of Ushant, saved by own gunfire
       
Bay of Biscay

Two armed steamships shelled by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:   

Cape Transport, 4,109grt

Jerseymoor, 5,662grt
   
Western Mediterranean

Errington Court, 4,461/1909, Court Line (Haldin & Co), London, armed, sailing Blyth for Genoa with coal. Mined, laid by U.72 (Ernst Krafft) 2 miles off Port La Nouvelle, France (un – Barrage 586), damaged, beached at La Nouvelle, refloated, arrived Cette (H/L/un)

Eastern Mediterranean

Liliana, sailing vessel, 70grt. Sunk by UC.34 (Robert Sprenger) off Alexandria (un only)
   


Friday, 8 June 1917

Barents Sea

Manchester Engineer (2), 4,465/1905, Manchester Liners, Manchester, armed, sailing Manchester for Archangel with munitions. Chased by U.28 (Georg Schmidt) in 68.30N, 38.28E (NE of Vardö), damaged by gunfire, rescued. Sunk 16 August 1917 (H/L/un)

English Channel

PHANTOM, barquentine, 251/1867, South Shields-reg, Plisson Steam Navigation, Cardiff for Fecamp with coal. Captured by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sunk by gunfire 25 miles NNW of Cape La Heve, near Havre; 3 lives lost (H/L/Lr)

Four Brixham-reg and owned, ketch-rigged sailing smacks, sailed Brixham for fishing, captured by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz) and sunk by bombs E by S of Start Point, Devon:

CARIAD, 38/1904, BM225, Samuel Partridge. Sunk 6 miles off (wi - in 50.12N, 03.29W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)

TORBAY LASS, 38/1906, BM264, George Eveleigh. Sunk by bombs 9 miles off (wi - in 50.11N, 03.25W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)   

OCEAN’S PRIDE, 42/1901, BM48, Edward Rouse Cocker. Sunk 9 miles off (un – 9 miles E of; wi - in 50.10N, 03.25W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)
   
ONWARD (2), 39/1907, BM265, Edward Davis. Sunk 9 miles off (wi - in 50.09N, 03.26W) (H/L/bm/un/wi)
__________

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Addington, 1,613grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen

Chevington, 3,876grt, Q-ship 9/15-6/16, now back in commercial service. Chased, escaped (H/qs)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Two steamships heading for Queenstown with sugar, torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms) off Fastnet:

SARAGOSSA, 3,541/1916, Century Shipping Co (Harris & Dixon), Newcastle, armed, sailed from Cuba and Halifax (NS). Sunk 178 miles NW of (L/te/un - in 52.23N, 14.12W; un – also 52.07N, 14.10W) (H/L/te/un)
   
ENIDWEN, 3,594/1899, W & C T Jones SS Co (W & C T Jones), Cardiff, sailed from Cuba. Sunk 170 miles NW of (L - 130 miles NW of Blaskets; un – in53.09N, 13.53W) (H/L/te/un)
__________

ORATOR, 3,563/1905, Charente SS Co (T & J Harrison), Liverpool, armed, sailing Pernambuco for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed and sunk by U.96 (Heinrich Jess), 84 miles WNW of Fastnet (L - 84 miles S 82 W of the LH; un – in 51.02N, 11.45W); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Russian Prince, tanker, 4,158/1912, Prince Line (James Knott), Newcastle, armed, sailing Queenstown for unknown destination with oil. Torpedoed by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) off Fastnet, in 51.25N, 10W (un – also 51.22N, 09.45W)), damaged, put into Castletown (Berehaven) (H/L/un)
   
Atlantic off NW Morocco

Two steamships (and two naval ML's) lost in attacks by U.39 (Walter Forstmann) off Cape Spartel, near Tangier:

HUNTSTRICK, 8,151/1902, Shipping Controller (F C Strick & Co), London, armed, sailing London for Salonica with troops, government stores and naval motor launches ML.540 and ML.541 (both lost). Torpedoed and sunk 80 miles WNW of (L - 53 miles NW of; un – in 35.52N, 06.47W); 15 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

ISLE OF JURA, 3,809/1906, Isles SS Co (B J Sutherland & Co), Sutherland, armed, sailing Middlesbrough for Savona with government stores, munitions and coal. (L - 9th) - Captured and sunk by bombs 15 miles WSW of (L - 25 miles WSW of; un – in 35.44N, 06.25W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te)
           
Mediterranean

Freshfield, 3,445grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
NW Mediterranean

CHELTONIAN, 4,426/1911, London-reg, Cambrian Steam Navigation Co (J Mathias & Sons), armed, sailing Genoa for Oran in ballast. Captured by U.72 (Ernst Krafft), sunk by gunfire 54 miles W by S of Planier LH, off Marseilles (L - 60 miles W by S of; un – in 42.46N, 04.40E); master and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)



  Saturday, 9 June 1917

North Sea

CLAN ALPINE, 3,587/1899, Glasgow-reg, Clan Line, armed, Mr F Mee, Tyne for Archangel. (te/un - 10th) - Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl George Schuster), sank 40 miles N by E 1/2 E of Muckle Flugga rocks, off North Unst island, Shetlands (L - 40 miles N by E 1/2 N of; wi - in 61.15N, 00.15E;); 8 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

English Channel

MARJORIE, motor vessel (L – trawler; un – fishing vessel), 119grt, fishing. Captured by UB.18 (Claus Lafrenz), sunk by bombs 30 miles SE by S of Lizard Point, Cornwall  (un – in 49.36N, 04.41W) (H/L/un)
   
Atlantic off SW England
 
Ceramic, 18,481grt, armed. U-boat attack at entrance to English Channel, torpedo missed
       
Atlantic W of Ireland

HAULWEN, 4,032/1903, W & C T Jones, armed, Montreal for Manchester with wheat. (te/un - 10th) - Torpedoed by U.43 (Waldemar Bender), sank 250 miles NW of Fastnet (L/te - in 52.48N, 16W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

ACHILLES (2), 641/1900, Glasgow-reg, J & P Hutchinson, armed, Cadiz for Liverpool/Glasgow with general cargo. Captured by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) and U.95, sunk by gunfire 75 miles W by S of Fastnet Rock (un – 51.10N, 10.15W); master and gunner taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)

BARON CAWDOR, 4,316/1905, Ardrossan-reg, Hogarth Shipping, armed, Rangoon for London (te - Avonmouth) with maize, rice. Torpedoed by U.96 (Heinrich Jess), sank 150 miles SW by S 1/2 S of Fastnet (L/te - in 48.56N, 10.09W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Three armed steamships torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche):
   
APPLEDORE, 3,843/1901, Cardiff-reg, Tatem Steam Navigation, Sagunto for Middlesbrough with iron ore. Sank 164 miles S by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 48.42N, 08.56W) (H/L/te/un)

HARBURY, 4,572/1913, J & C Harrison, London, sailing Buenos Aires for Brest/Cherbourg with maize, oats. Sank 170 miles W 1/2 N of Ushant (L/te - in 47.47N, 09.16W); 12 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

EGYPTIANA, 3,818/1905, Furness, Withy, West Hartlepool, sailing London for Halifax (NS) with part cargo. Torpedoed by U.70, sank 120 miles WSW of the Scillies (H/L/te/un)   

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):   

Akabo, 3,814grt; three torpedoes missed (H/Mn)

Sapele, 3,152grt. Chased, escaped
       
Atlantic

Gaboon, 3,297grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (possibly the 8th)

Mediterranean

Itola, 5,257grt, armed. Torpedo missed
       
NW Mediterranean

GENERAL LAURIE, 3-mast schooner, 238/1908, Bridgetown, Barbados-reg, W McMillan, Bahia for Marseilles with cocoa beans. Captured by U.72 (Ernst Krafft), set on fire and sank 70 miles SW by S of Planier LH, off Marseilles (L - 75 miles SW of Marseilles; un – 75 miles W by S of Marseillies) (H/L/Lr/un)



Sunday, 10 June 1917

Barents Sea
   
Two armed steamships sunk by U.28 (Georg Schmidt) off Cape Teriberski, near Murmansk:

PERLA, 5,355/1912, The Admiralty, London, sailing Genoa for Archangel with coal and motor cars. Captured 130 miles N 1/2 W of (L/te - in 71.23N, 35.26E), not known how sunk; 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

MARIE ELSIE, 2,615/1895, London American Maritime Trading, armed, Penarth for Archangel with coal. Torpedoed 125 miles N by W of (L/te - in 71.21N, 34.16E); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

North Sea

DULWICH (2), 1,460/1916, London-reg, South Metropolitan Gas, armed, Seaham Harbour for London with coal. Mined, laid by UB.12 (Ernst Steindorff), foundered 7 miles N by E 1/2 E of Shipwash LV, off Orford Ness, Suffolk (wi - in 52.08.45N, 01.45.15E); 5 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
English Channel

Harpathian, 4,588grt, armed. Torpedo missed

Atlantic off N Scotland

RIBERA (2), 3,511/1915, Globe Shipping, armed, Penarth/Cardiff for Archangel with coal. Torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann), sank 70 miles N of Cape Wrath, Sutherland (H/L/te/un)

"Irish Channel"

KEEPER, 572/1906, J Bannatyne & Sons, Limerick, sailed Belfast 9th for Limerick with grain, passed Aranmore on 10th, went missing, "presumed by Admiralty to have been sunk by submarine in the "Irish Channel"". In some sources, confirmed as torpedoed by UC.66, but considered unlikely by Uboat.net; 12 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)
           
Atlantic off SW England

ANGLIAN, 5,532/1896, West Hartlepool-reg, Leyland Line, armed, Boston for London with general cargo. (te/un - 11th) - Torpedoed by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs), sank 43 miles SW by W 1/2 W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L/te - in 49.22N, 07.12W); one life lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Atlantic W of Ireland

BAY STATE, 6,583/1915, Liverpool-reg, White Diamond SS, armed, Boston for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.66 (Thorwold von Bothmer), sank 250 miles NW of Fastnet (L/te - in 53N, 16.09W) (H/L/te)

SCOTTISH HERO, 2,205/1895, Hero SS, also Merchants Mutual Lake Line, Montreal, armed, Sydney (CB) for Havre with steel goods. Captured by U.155 (Karl Meusel), sunk by gunfire 440 miles W by S 1/2 S of Fastnet (L/te - in 46.59N, 18.12W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

GALICIA (2), 1,400/1899, John Hall Jnr, armed, Malaga for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche), sank 140 miles SW by S 1/2 S of Fastnet (L - in 49W, 10W; te - 48.55N, 10.00W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic W from Gibraltar

Two armed steamships shelled by U-boat(s), saved by own gunfire:

Loch Lomond (2), 2,619grt, sailing Havre for unknown destination. Also under cover of smoke screen, damaged according to Lloyds (H/L/Mn/ge)
               
Acadian (2), 2,305grt

Mediterranean

Lautaro, 3,476grt, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire

   

Monday, 11 June 1917

English Channel

Three armed steamships torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt) off Sussex:

HUNTSHOLM, 2,073/1914, Shipping Controller, Dieppe for Southampton in ballast. Sunk about 4 miles E by S of Owers LV, off Selsey Bill (H/L/te/un)

Eustace, 3,995/1913, Pyman SS Co (G Pyman & Co), West Hartlepoo, sailing London for Barry Roads in ballast. Torpedoed near Ower LV (L/un - in 50.36N, 00.22W), damaged, reached port and beached, refloated (H/L/un)

Margarita (2), 2,788/1903, Buenos Ayres Great Southern Railway Co (A Holland & Co), London, sailing Hull for Madras with coal. Torpedoed 16 miles SW of Brighton, damaged, arrived Stokes Bay (H/L/un)
__________

Knight Companion, 7,241/1913, Knight SS Co (Greenshields, Cowie & Co), Liverpool (Note: may have already been sold to Ocean SS Co, Liverpool, by this time), armed, Dunkirk for Barry Roads. (un – possibly early on 12th) - torpedoed by UB.20 (Hermann Glimpf), 10 miles W of Lizard Point, damaged, towed into Falmouth on 12th (H/L/un)

Atlantic off SW England

SOUTH POINT (2), 4,258/1914, London-reg, Norfolk & North American SS, armed, Mr D Bowen, London for Newport News in ballast, in convoy. (te/un/wi -12th) - Torpedoed by UB.32 (Max Viebeg), sank 30 miles SW 1/2 S of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L - 30 miles S 20 W true of the Light; wi - 30 miles SW by S of, in 49.43N, 07W) (H/L/te/un/wi)

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), torpedoes missed:       

Leafield, 2,539grt; at entrance to English Channel

Mackinaw, 3,204grt; W of Scillies

Atlantic NW of Ireland

Four armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Thessaly, 3,128 (un - 4,310)/1909, D MacIver, Sons & Co, Liverpool, sailing Liverpool for Rosario with general cargo. Gun attack by U.94 (Alfred Saalwächter) (L/un - in 56.04N, 12.40W), damaged, saved by own gunfire; one life lost (H/L) (H/Mn)           

Athenia, passenger ship, 8,668grt. Chased, escaped    

Dominic, 2,966grt. Chased, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen (H/Mn)

Kerry Range, 5,856grt. Torpedo missed
       
Atlantic W of Ireland

TEVIOTDALE, 3,847/1894, Steel, Young, London, armed, Havana/Halifax (NS) for Queenstown with sugar. Torpedoed by U.43 (Waldemar Bender), sank 330 miles NW by W of Fastnet (L/te - in 52.20N, 18.27W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic SW of Ireland

Ausonia, passenger ship, 8,153/1909, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool, armed, Montreal for Avonmouth with general cargo. Torpedoed and damaged by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner) (L/un - in 51.17N, 17.17W), arrived Queenstown; one life lost (H/L/un)

POLYXENA, 5,737/1896, Liverpool-reg, Ocean SS, armed, Mr J Ramsay, Australia for Queenstown (Cobh) with wheat. (L/te/un/wi - 12th) - Torpedoed by U.95 (Athalwin Prinz), sank 57 miles W of Fastnet (L - in 51.06N, 11.05W; wi - 51.06N, 11.50W); 7 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

CITY OF PERTH, 3,427/1890, Glasgow-reg, City Line, armed, Alexandria for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.70 (Ottp Wünsche), sank 195 miles SSW of Fastnet (L - in 48.06N, 10.30W); 8 lives lost (H/L/te)

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):   

Holywell, 4,867grt. Gun attack, rescued (H/Mn)

Metagama, 12,420grt. Torpedo missed

Pathan, 4,956grt. Chased, rescued   

Atlantic

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Eurymachus, 4,995grt. Chased, escaped

Minnie de Larrinaga, 5,046grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/Mn)

Pentwyn, 3,587grt. Torpedo/gun attack, torpedo missed, saved by own gunfire (H/Mn)
       
Central Mediterranean

BENHA (1), 1,878/1891, Khedival Mail Steamship & Graving Dock, London-reg, armed, Limassol for Leith with carobs (edible seed pods). Captured by UC.74 (Wilhelm Marschall), sunk by bombs 50 miles N by E of Marsa Susa, Libya (L - in 33.45N, 22.04E) (H/L/te/un)

Indian Ocean

City of Exeter, passenger ship, 9,373grt, armed, Liverpool for Bombay with general cargo. Mined, laid by raider Wolf off Bombay (L - in 18.40N, 72.38E), reached port (H/L/Mn)



Tuesday, 12 June 1917

UC.66 sunk by trawler Sea King in English Channel off Cornwall
   
North Sea

ALWYN, wood ketch (wi - also steam trawler; un – sailing vessel), 73/1885, Aberdeen-reg, W Wood & J Hay, Portsoy, Banffshire, sailing Sunderland for Banff with coal. Stopped by UB.41 (Günther Krause), sunk by bombs 5 miles SE of Girdle Ness, near Aberdeen (wi - in 57.04.30N, 01.55W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

English Channel

ALFRED, steel schooner, ex-German, 130/1904, was owned by W Schuchmann, seized at Granton, sailing Howdon-upon-Tyne for Cannes with coal. Captured by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sunk by bombs 15 miles SW of Boulogne (L - 15 miles SSE of) (H/L/Lr/Mn/un)
       
Atlantic off NW Ireland

AMAKURA, 2,316/1893, Liverpool-reg, Amakura SS, armed, Liverpool for Demerara with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.94 (Alfred Saalwächter), sank 180 miles NW 1/2 W of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L/te - in 56.10N, 13W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

Indian, 9,121grt, armed. Torpedo missed

Atlantic off S Ireland

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Coronado, refrigerated cargo vessel, 6,539/1915, Elders & Fyffes, Belfast, sailing Montreal for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.55 (Wilhelm Werner), damaged, 15 miles S of Galley Head, put into Queenstown (H/L/un)   

Haverford, 11,635grt. Torpedo missed
   
Atlantic

Quillota, 3,692grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
       
Atlantic W of Gibraltar

Bonvilston, 2,866grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
 
     

Wednesday, 13 June 1917

North Sea

SILVERBURN, 284/1914, Sunderland-reg, Durham Steam SS, sailing Sunderland for Peterhead with coal. Captured by UB.41 (Günther Krause), sunk by gunfire 4 miles SE of Cove Bay, just S of Aberdeen (H/L/Lr)
       
English Channel

Ivy, trawler, fishing. Attacked by submarine, damaged off Salcombe, arrived Brixham (L)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Paris, 599grt, armed. U-boat attack at entrance to English Channel, torpedo missed
       
Atlantic off N Scotland

KELVINBANK (2), ex-Drumcliffe, 4,072/1905, Glasgow SS, armed, Liverpool/Glasgow for Archangel with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.69 (Ernst Wilhelms), sank 100 miles N of Cape Wrath (L/te - in 60.04N, 05.40W); 16 lives lost including master (H/L/ms/te/un)
   
Atlantic W of Ireland

DARIUS, 3,426/1903, Sunderland-reg, Tempus Shipping, armed, Villaricos for Tyne with iron ore. Torpedoed by U.54 (Kurt Heeseler), sank 210 miles SW of Fastnet (te - in 48.08N, 11.32W); 15 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic

Kintuck, 4,639 (also 4,616; ms – 4,447)/1895, China Mutual Steam Navigation Co, London, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire. Sunk 2 December 1917 (H/ms)
   
Atlantic off NW France

Lorle, 2,686grt, armed. U-boat attack off Ushant, torpedo missed

Central Mediterranean

ST ANDREWS, 3,613/1906, St Andrew's (Cardiff) Ltd (R E Morel & Co), Cardiff, armed, sailing Karachi for Marseilles with grain. Torpedoed by UC.38 (Alfred Klatt), sank 4 miles W of Cape Spartivento, S Italy; 3 lives lost (not to be confused with hospital ship St Andrew 2,528grt, attacked 25/2/15) (H/L/te/un)
   

Thursday, 14 June 1917

Barents Sea

Nascopie, 1,870grt, armed. Gun attack in Arctic, saved by own gunfire

North Sea

Two armed steamships attacked by German seaplanes:

KANKAKEE, 3,718/1899, London-reg, The Admiralty, Newcastle for London with coal. Torpedoed and sunk 2 miles NE of Sunk LV, off Harwich, Essex (L/wi - about 1 mile N of Sunk Head Buoy, in 51.46.37N, 01.29.13E); 3 crew lost (H/L/Lr/wi)
       
Canto, cargo steamship, 1,202/1904, Pelton Steam Shipping Co (Gardner & Reay), Newcastle, armed. Torpedo/machine gun attack, three torpedoes missed (H/ms)
   
English Channel

WEGA, 839/1885, ex-German, London-reg, The Admiralty (managed by Everett & Newbigin), 17 crew, Mr R Thoburn, Hartlepool for Cowes with 940t coal. Torpedoed at 2145 by UC.71 (Reinhold Saltzwedel), sank within two minutes c20 miles W by S of Royal Sovereign LV, off Sussex (wi - in 50.37N, 00.02W); 5 crew lost, survivors got away on a liferaft, picked up by patrol vessel, landed at Newhaven (H/L/te/un/wi)
       
Atlantic off SW England

Two steamships sunk by U.82 (Hans Adam), WSW of Bishop Rock, Scillies:
 
HIGHBURY, 4,831/1912, Britain SS Co (Watts, Watts & Co), London, sailing Antogagasta for Birkenhead with nitrate. Originally listed as missing, confirmed as sunk by U.82 about 100 miles WSW of (un – in 48.25N, 10.28W), 40 lives lost, all those onboard (dk/un)

ORTOLAN, 1,727/1902, General Steam Navigation, armed, Palermo/Genoa for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.82, sank 100 miles WSW of (L/te - in 48N, 10W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off N Ireland

CARTHAGINIAN, passenger ship, 4,444/1884, Glasgow-reg, Allan Line SS, 1-4in QF, 57 crew, Mr A Ogilvie, Clyde for Montreal with general cargo. Mined, laid by U.79 (Otto Rohrbeck), No.2 hold filled with water by 2140, crew abandoned ship, sank early next morning at 0130, 2 1/2 m NW of Inishtrahull island LH, off Co Donegal (wi - in 55.28N, 07.20W, mining position given as 9 miles NE of Malin Head); British warship responded to SOS, landed survivors at Buncrana. (H/L/te/un/wd/wi)

Atlantic off S Ireland

DART, 3,207/1898, London-reg, Mercantile SS, 1-15pdr, 28 crew, Mr Mitchell, Huelva for Garston with 4,700t iron ore/pyrites, steaming at 8 1/2 kts. Torpedoed by UC.47 (Paul Hundius), sank 6 miles SSW of Ballycottin LH, off Co Cork (wi - in 51.43.30N, 08.02W); 4 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Atlantic

Ramore Head, 4,444grt, armed. Torpedo missed
                   
Atlantic W of NW Spain

AYSGARTH, 3,118/1896, Newcastle-reg, Garth Shipping, armed, Aguilas for Clyde with iron ore. Captured by U.155 (Karl Meusel), sunk by bombs 430 miles WNW of Cape Finisterre (L - 42.50N, 18.52W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Western Mediterranean

Lowther Castle, 4,439/1914, Lancashire Shipping Co (J Chambers & Co), Liverpool, armed, Cardiff for unknown destination with coal. Mined, laid by UC.67 (Karl Neumann) W of Algiers, damaged, put into Algiers (H/L/un)



Friday, 15 June 1917
   
North Sea

Scartho, 569grt. Torpedo missed

English Channel 

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Teesdale, 2,470/1904, Sir Robert Ropner, West Hartlepool, sailing West Hartlepool for Gibraltar with coal. Torpedoed by UB.31 (Thomas Bieber), damaged, 2 miles off Bolt Head, towed into Plymouth on 16th, beached and refloated. Foundered on 2 August while on passage for repairs (H/L/un)

Branksome Hall, 4,262grt. Torpedo missed

Queen Alexandra, 785grt. Chased, saved by own gunfire

Atlantic off SW England

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s) off entrance to English Channel:

Camito, 6,611grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire

Crane, 2,033grt. Torpedo missed

Atlantic off SW Ireland

WESTONBY, 3,795/1901, Sir R Ropner, West Hartlepool, armed, Huelva for London with pyrites and lead. Torpedoed by U.82 (Hans Adam), sank 195 miles SW by S of Fastnet Rock, off Co Cork (L - 220 miles W 1/2 S of Scilly) (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off S Ireland

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s), torpedoes missed:

Collegian, 7,237grt (Admiralty collier when sunk)

Winamac, tanker, 5,767grt
         
Bay of Biscay

ADDAH, 4,397/1905, Liverpool-reg, British & African Steam Navigation, armed, Mr Clarke, Montreal for Cherbourg with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.69 (Erwin Wassner), sank 35 miles SW of Pte de Penmarch to the W of Lorient (te - in 47.24N 05.00W); 9 lives lost. According to “Merchant Fleets - Elder Dempster Lines” the torpedo explosion killed eight men, Mr Clarke and a Gunner Swan stayed on board and manned the stern gun, hitting the U-boat which returned fire. When Addah sank, they were picked up by a lifeboat, apparently rammed by UC.69 before opening fire on men in the water killing a further nine. A French destroyer arrived and presumably picked up the survivors. An internet source confirms a total of 17 lives lost, rather than the nine in HMSO. “Outrage at Sea” also confirms the incident; Wassner was on the list of British war criminals for firing on boats and killing nine men, progressed post-war as Naval Case No.16, but did not go to court (H/L/Lr/ed/ge/os/te/un)

Deddington, 2,827grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Central Mediterranean

Two armed steamships torpedoed by UC.38 (Alfred Klatt) off Straits of Messina, Italy:

PASHA, 5,930/1902, Asiatic Steam Navigation, Karachi for Spezia with grain. Torpedoed by UC.38, sank in southern entrance to (L - in 37.57N, 15.27E); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Elvaston, 4,130/1913, Century Shipping Co (Harris & Dixon), London, sailing Famagusta for Cette with locust beans. Torpedoed 3 miles S by E of Taormina, damaged, arrived Messina on 16th; 3 lives lost (H/L/un)
   


Saturday, 16 June 1917

Atlantic W of SW England
   
JESSIE (2), 2,256/1891, C Nielsen & Sons, Hartlepool, armed, sailing Alexandria for Hull with cottonseed. Torpedoed by U.82 (Hans Adam), sank 260 miles W 1/2 S of Bishop Rock, Scillies (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off S Ireland

Three steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Fallodon, 3,012/1903, St Just SS Co (W Reardon Smith & Sons), London, armed, Cork for Cherbourg with hay. Torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann) 9 miles ESE of Mine Head, damaged, towed in, beached Queenstown on 17th, refloated. Sunk 28 December 1917 (H/L/un)

Ardmore, 1,304grt. Chased, rescued

Elysia, 6,397grt, armed. Torpedo missed
       
Atlantic

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Bayford, 4,113grt. Torpedo missed

Rutherglen, 4,214grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Atlantic off NW France

CARRIE HERVEY (un – or Carrie Harvey), schooner, 111/1881, Plymouth-reg, I Tregaskes (un – E Stephens, Fowey), sailing Fowey/Brest for Pasajes with china clay. Captured by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), sunk by gunfire 52 miles SE by S of Armen Rock, off Ile de Sein, SW of Brest (un – in 47.16N, 04.03W)(H/L/Lr/un)



Sunday, 17 June 1917
   
English Channel

STANHOPE, 2,854/1900, Middlesbrough-reg, English SS, 1-12pdr, 26 crew, Mr H Sundal, sailed Barrow via Falmouth, left 16th for Dunkirk with steel rails. Torpedoed by UB.31 (Thomas Bieber; wi - U.60) at 0045, sank 7 miles SW by W of Start Point, Devon (te/wi - in 50.08.36N, 03.45.25W); 22 crew killed by the explosion or drowned as she sank, master, three seamen spent 90min clinging to wreckage before being picked up a patrol vessel and landed at Portsmouth (H/L/te/un/wi)

TYNE, 2,909/1900, Glasgow-reg, Royal Mail Steam Packet, 1-12pdr, 35 crew, Mr H Robson, Penarth for La Pallice with 3,900t coal and benzole/benzine, in convoy, steaming at 8kts. (te/un – 18th; un – or 17th) - Torpedoed by UC.48 (Kurt Ramien) on starboard quarter, sank 18 miles SW of Lizard Point, Cornwall (te - in 49.42N, 05.25W; wi - in 49.42N, 05.25W); crew picked up by escorting trawler (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
St George's Channel

RALOO, 1,012/1898, Belfast-reg, Shamrock Shipping, 1-3pdr HA, 16 crew, Mr J McBride, sailing, Newport for Cork with coal. Torpedoed by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann), sank 6 miles SE by E of Coningbeg LV, off S Co Wexford (L - c5 miles SE by E of; wi - in 51.58.15N, 06.33.30W); 3 crew lost including master (H/L/te/un/wi)

Atlantic off W Ireland

Alban, 5,223grt, armed. Torpedo missed (H/Mn)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

LIZZIE WESTOLL, 2,855/1895, Sunderland-reg, Westoll Line, armed, Mr J Forster, sailing Port Signa to Garston with magnesite ore and volonea (for leather tanning). Torpedoed by UC.42 (Otto Heinrich Tornow), sank 120 miles NW by W of Fastnet (te/wi - in 51.39N, 12.44W) (H/L/te/wi)

Atlantic W of Gibraltar

Kaiser-i-Hind, passenger ship, 11,430grt, armed. Torpedo missed       

Atlantic off NW Morocco

Claveresk, 3,829grt, armed. U-boat attack off Casablanca, torpedo missed    



Monday, 18 June 1917

 English Channel

GAUNTLET, wood ketch, 58/1875, Guernsey-reg, J C Renoui, sailing St Malo for Par in ballast. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by bombs 30 miles NW of Les Hanois LH, off Guernsey (H/L/Lr/un)
   
St George's Channel

Three sailing vessels probably attacked by same U-boat, UC.51 (Hans Galster):

VIOLET, schooner, 158/1874, Bristol-reg, Mrs Letitia Tyrrell, 6 crew, Mr M Tyrrell, Waterford for Cardiff with pitwood. Captured by UC.51, sunk by gunfire 9 miles SSE of Coningbeg LV, SE of Waterford Harbour (L/un/wi - 10 miles SSE of, in 51.57N, 06.26W; wi - also 9 miles SSE of, in 51.54N, 06.30W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)

KANGAROO (2), 76grt, Cardiff for Ballyhack with coal. Captured by UC.51, sunk by gunfire 20 miles S of Tuskar, off Rosslare (wi - by scuttling charge, in 51.52N, 06.06W); 4 lives lost including master (H/L/un/wi)
   
Minnie Coles, schooner, 116grt, armed, Youghal for Cardiff with pitwood. Gun attack in "Irish Channel", 20 miles S of Tuskar, escaped, towed into Passage East, damaged according to Lloyds (H/L/Lr)

Atlantic off SW England

Kathlamba, 6,382/1913, Ellerman & Bucknall SS Co, North Shields, armed, sailing Melbourne for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs) off entrance to English Channel (L - 40N, 08.30W. If the attack took place in the English Channel area, the latitude is probably 50º; confirmed by Uboat.net), damaged, beached 1 mile S of Crow Point, Devon on 19th, refloated (H/L)
           
Atlantic off N & W Scotland

Two steamships torpedoed by U.70 (Otto Wünsche):

BUFFALO (1), 4,106/1907, Hull-reg, Wilson Line, armed, Hull for New York with general cargo. (te/un - 19th) - Sank 80 miles NW by N 1/2 N of Cape Wrath (L - in 59.34N, 07.03W) (H/L/te)

QUEEN ADELAIDE, 4,965/1911, Dunlop SS, Glasgow, sailing Montreal for Leith with wheat. Sank 13 miles NNE of St Kilda island, W of Outer Hebrides (te/un - in 58.04N, 08.35W); 3 lives lost (H/L/Mn/te/un)
       
Atlantic W of Ireland

Two armed steamships torpedoed by U.24 (Walter Remy) off Fastnet:

ENGLISH MONARCH, 4,947/1906, Monarch SS, Clyde for Leghorn/Genoa with coal. Sank 300 miles NW by W of (te - in 52.60N, 17.30W); 3 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

ELELE, 6,557/1913, British & African Steam, Boston for Liverpool with munitions, wheat and general cargo. Sank 300 miles NW 1/2 W of (L/te - in 52.20N, 17.30W) (H/L/te/un)
__________
       
THISTLEDU, 4,032/1901, Albyn Line (Allen, Black & Co), Sunderland, armed, sailing Iquique/Newport News for Newport (Mon) with nitrate. Torpedoed by U.82 (Hans Adam), sank 218 miles NW 1/2 W of Fastnet (L/te/un - in 52.17N, 15.18W; un – or 52.25N, 16.33W); 4 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Marie Suzanne, 3,106grt. Gun attack, rescued (Admiralty collier when sunk)

Palma, 7,632grt, New York for Liverpool, in convoy. Attacked by two U-boats, three torpedoes missed (H/Mn)
   
Atlantic W of Gibraltar

Whateley Hall, 3,712grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire under cover of smoke screen
   
Mediterranean

Two armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Hazelwood, 3,120grt. Torpedo missed

Trevanion, 4,267grt; two torpedoes missed
   


Tuesday, 19 June 1917
       
English Channel

Two sailing vessels captured by UC.17 (Werner Fürbringer) off Les Hanois LH, off SW Guernsey:

KATE AND ANNIE, wood ketch, 96/1894, Gloucester-reg, T Stamp, sailing Cardiff for St Malo with coal. Sunk by bombs c25 miles NW by W of (H/L/Lr/un)

Mary Ann, brigantine, 164grt, St Brieuc for Swansea with pitwood. Damaged by gunfire and set on fire 20 miles NW by W of, (un – 20 miles NNW of, or 21 miles NW by W of, in 49.37N, 03.11W), towed into St Peter Port Harbour. Not known if repaired (H/L/Lr/un)
       
Atlantic off SW England
       
KELSO, 1,292/1909, Wilson Line, Hull, armed, sailing Oporto/Lisbon for London with general cargo. Sunk by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs), 33 miles WSW of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L - 75 miles WSW of Scilly Is) (H/L/te/un)
   
Great City, 5,525/1914, probably Great City SS Co (W Reardon Smith & Son), Bideford at time of sinking, armed, sailing Newport News for London with oats and steel. Torpedoed by UC.47 (Paul Hundius) 30 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies, damaged, towed in and beached St Mary’s Roads, refloated; 4 lives lost (H/L/un)

Atlantic off SW Ireland

BROOKBY, 3,679/1905, West Hartlepool-reg, Sir R Ropner, armed, Sagunto for Middlesbrough with iron ore. Captured by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sunk by torpedo 155 miles S 1/2 W of Fastnet (L - 98 miles WSW of Scilly Is) (H/L/te/un)

Baltic Sea

PENPOL, 2,061/1891, Falmouth-reg, Pendennis SS (un – Penpol SS Co (R B Chellew), Falmouth), sailing from Petrograd. (un – 20th) – Captured by UC.57 (Friedrich Wissmann) in Gulf of Bothnia (un – Raumo-Wasa area), taken as prize into Kiel, Germany; released post-war (H/L/Lr/un)
       
Bay of Biscay

Morinier, 3,804grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/Mn)
   
Atlantic

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Aylestone, 3,400grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire

Ganges (2), 3,497grt. Torpedo missed

Wonganella, 3,998grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Mediterranean

Hurst, 4,718grt, armed. Torpedo missed



Wednesday, 20 June 1917
   
English Channel

BENITA, schooner, 130/1862, Whitehaven-reg, R Killen, sailing Cherbourg for Poole with stone. Captured by UC.75 (Johannes Lohs), sunk by bombs 15 miles S of Portland Bill, Dorset (wi - in 50.16N, 02.23W) (H/L/Lr/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW England

Lancastrian, 5,120grt, armed. Chased off entrance to English Channel, escaped

Atlantic off W Ireland

Nitonian, 6,381/1912, Fredercik Leyland & Co, Liverpool, armed. Gun attack by U.61 (Victor Dieckmann), saved by own gunfire, damaged, arrived Liverpool (H/L/Mn/un)
           
Atlantic off SW Ireland

BENGORE HEAD, 2,490/1884, Belfast-reg, Head Line, armed, Sydney (CB) for London with general cargo. Captured by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen), sunk by torpedo 150 miles NW of Fastnet (L/te - in 52.19N 13.39W) (H/L/te/un)

Valeria, 5,865grt, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire
   
Atlantic off NW France

Buranda, steamship, 3,651/1912, Buranda SS Co (Burdick & Cook), London, armed. Gun attack off Ushant, saved by own gunfire (H/ms)
   
Bay of Biscay

Devona, 3,779grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire (H/Mn)

Central Mediterranean

RUPERRA, 4,232/1904, British Steam Shipping Co (J Cory & Sons), Cardiff, armed, sailing Port Sudan for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.27 (Gerhard Schulz), sank 50 miles E by S of Pantellaria Is, off Tunisia (L/un - in 36.44N, 13.06E) (H/L/te/un)
 
 

Thursday, 21 June 1917

North Sea

BLACK HEAD, passenger & cargo ship, 1,898/1912, Belfast-reg, Head Line, sailing Drammen for Lerwick with wood pulp. Torpedoed by U.19 (Johannes Spiess), sank 52 miles ESE of Out Skerries, SE of Yell island, Shetlands (L - 64 miles E of Lerwick; te - in 60.22N, 01.00E) (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic W of Ireland

LORD ROBERTS (2), 4,166/1901, Irish Shipowners' Co, Belfast, armed, sailing Montreal for Belfast with flour, wheat. Captured by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen), sunk by gunfire 270 miles NW by N of Fastnet (L/te - in 53.38N, 15.58W) (H/L/te/un)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

ORTONA, 5,524/1916, Gulf Line, London, armed, Philadelphia for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.50 (Gerhard Berger), sank 140 miles SSW of Fastnet (L/un - in 49.01N, 09.55W; un – also 48.50N, 09.49W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)
   


Friday, 22 June 1917

Atlantic off N Ireland

MELFORD HALL, 6,339/1911, Ellerman Lines (Hall Line), Liverpool, armed, Liverpool for Karachi/Bombay with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.100 (Degenhart von Loë), sank 95 miles N by W 1/2 W of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (un – in 56.34N, 10.41W) (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

Charing Cross, 2,534grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
       
Atlantic off SW Ireland

MIAMI, 3,762/1904, Glasgow-reg, Elders & Fyffes, 1-12pdr, Mr G Martin, New York for Liverpool/Manchester with 3,700t general cargo, under escort. Torpedoed by UC.51 (Hans Galster), sank 11 miles ESE of Fastnet (L/te/un/wi - in 51.21.30N, 09.19W) (H/L/te/un/wi)


   
Sunday, 24 June 1917
   
Baltic Sea area

MEGGIE, 1,802/1889, London-reg, James Cormack & Co. (L - 19th) – Captured by UC.57 (Friedrich Wissmann) in Gulf of Bothnia (un – Raumo-Wasa area), taken as prize to German occupied port of Libau, released post-war (H/L/Lr/un)

Atlantic off SW England
   
SOUTH WALES, 3,668/1906, South Wales SS Co (Gibbs & Co), Cardiff, armed, Rangoon/Bassein/Cape Town for London with rice. Torpedoed by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen), sank 128 miles W of Bishop Rock, Scillies (L - 125 miles from Scillies); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Three armed steamships torpedoed by UC.17 (Werner Fürbringer) off Scillies:

CROWN OF ARRAGON, 4,500/1905, Glasgow-reg, Crown SS, Cardiff /Penzance for Montreal with government stores. Sank 124 miles SW 1/2 W of Bishop Rock (L/te - in 48.10N, 08.14W); one life lost (H/L/te/un)

CLAN DAVIDSON, 6,486/1912, Glasgow-reg, Clan Line, armed, Brisbane/Sydney for London with general cargo including butter, maize. Sank 130 miles SW by W 1/2 W of (L - 130 miles S41ºW true of; te - in 48.16N, 08.36W); 12 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

SAXON MONARCH, 4,828/1912, Monarch SS, Glasgow, armed, Bombay/Karachi/Cape Town for London with grain. (te/un - 25th; un – or late on 24th, British time) - Sank 140 miles SW by W of (L - 140 miles S36ºW true of; te/un - in 48.24N, 07.47W;); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

Atlantic off NW Ireland

SYLVANIAN, 4,858/1914, Leyland Line, Liverpool, armed, sailing Liverpool for St Thomas/Kingston (Ja) with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.94 (Alfred Saalwächter), sank 170 miles NW of Tory Is (L/te/un - in 56.27N, 12.57W; un – also 56.12N, 12.56W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
       
Atlantic

Celia, 5,004grt, armed. Chased, saved by own gunfire (H/Mn)
   
Aegean Sea

CESTRIAN, troopship/transport, cargo steamship, 8,912/1896, Liverpool-reg, Leyland Line, armed, Salonica for Alexandria with 800 men plus horses. Torpedoed by UB.42 (Kurt Schwarz), sank 4 miles SE of Skyro, off E Greece; 3 crew lost (H/L/ge/me/te/un)
 
Arabian Sea

MONGOLIA, passenger ship, 9,505/1903, London-reg, Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation, armed, London for Bombay/Sydney with passengers, mails, general cargo. (wd - 23rd) - Mined, laid by Wolf mid-2/17, sank in 13min, 50 miles S by W of Bombay (L/wd - 17 miles W of Jaujira, Bombay coast); 24 lives lost, including 3 passengers, 3 engine-room crew, 17 other crew killed by the explosion, survivors got away and reached the shore. Note: contrary to some accounts she was not taken into Admiralty service as an armed merchant cruiser unlike sister ship Moldavia (H/L/Mn/kp/wd)



Monday, 25 June 1917
   
Bristol Channel

Lackenby, 2,108grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   
Atlantic off SW England

GUILDHALL, 2,609/1898, Letricheux Line, Swansea, armed, Bougie/Valencia for Cardiff with oranges and ore. Torpedoed by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen), sank 40 miles SW by W 1/2 W of Bishop Rock, Scillies; 12 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Western Mediterranean

Southern, 5,694/1916, Harris & Dixon, London, armed, Swansea for Genoa with patent coal fuel. Mined, laid by U.72 (Ernst Krafft) 4 miles NE of La Nouvelle (un – Barrage 586), damaged and beached, refloated. Note: presumably Port-la-Nouvelle, France (H/L/un)

NW Mediterranean

ANATOLIA, 3,847/1898, Liverpool-reg, Hall Line, armed, Liverpool for Genoa with general cargo. Mined, laid by UC.35 (Ernst von Voigt), sank 1 1/2  miles off Genoa (L - 1 1/2  to 2 miles S32ºW true of Castello Regio) (H/L/te/un)
 


Tuesday, 26 June 1917
   
Atlantic off W Scotland

Haverford, passenger ship, 11,635/1901, International Navigation, Co, Liverpool, armed, Liverpool for Philadelphia with general cargo. (un – 27th German time) - Torpedoed by U.94 (Alfred Saalwächter) (un -  in 57.01N, 10.59W), damaged, towed to Lough Swilly, beached Kinnegar on 29th, refloated; 8 lives lost (H/L/un)

Atlantic off SW England

Three vessels attacked by U.62 (Ernst Hashagen) off Bishop Rock, Scillies:

MANISTEE, 3,869/1904, Elders & Fyffes, Newcastle, armed, New York for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.62, sank 86 miles WSW of (L/te - in 49N, 07.54W; un – in 48.57N, 08.08W); 5 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

CATTARO, 2,908/1912, Hull-reg, Wilson Line, armed, Civita Vecchia/Palermo for Hull with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.62, sank 130 miles WSW of (L/te/un - in 48.50N, 07.47W) (H/L/te/un)

Gorsemore, 3,079/1899, Johnston Line (Furness, Withy & Co), Liverpool, armed. Gun attack by at entrance to English Channel, damaged, saved by own gunfire; one life lost (Admiralty collier when sunk 22 September 1918) (H/un)
   
Atlantic off NW Ireland

SERAPIS, 1,932/1877, J Crass, Clyde for Marseilles/Genoa with coal. Torpedoed by U.79 (Otto Rohrbeck), sank 106 miles NNW  1/2  W of Tory Is (L/te - in 56.20N, 10.45W); 19 lives lost, master, chief officer taken prisoner (H/L/Mn/te/un)

Three armed steamships attacked by U-boat(s):

Aurania, passenger ship, 13,936grt. Chased, saved by own gunfire

Elysia, 6,397grt. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire

Swindon, 5,084grt; two torpedoes missed

Mediterranean

Skipton Castle, 3,823grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire   

Western Mediterranean

BIRDOSWALD, 4,013/1892, Newcastle-reg, Lunn & MacCoy, armed, Leghorn for Carthagena with hemp. Torpedoed by U.63 (Otto Schultze), sank 25 miles E 1/2 S of Tarragona, SW of Barcelona (L - 7 miles off Villanueva; un – in 41.07N, 10.51E); master and chief engineer taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)



Wednesday, 27 June 1917
   
English Channel

SOLWAY PRINCE, 317/1890, Harwich-reg, Stone & Rolfe, sailing Poole for Jersey in ballast. Captured by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt), sunk by bombs 8 miles N of Alderney (H/L/Lr/un)
   
off NW Scotland

City of Hankow, 7,369grt, armed. Torpedo missed
   
Atlantic off NW Ireland

BARON OGILVY, 4,570/1909, Ardrossan-reg, Hogarth Shipping, armed, Montreal for Liverpool with wheat. Torpedoed by U.93 (Helmut Gerlach), sank 172 miles NW of Tory Is, off Co Donegal (L/te - in 56.13N, 13.40W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

ARMADALE, troopship/transport, cargo steamship, 6,153/1909, London-reg, Australind SS Co, armed, Manchester for Salonica with troops and government stores. Torpedoed by U.60 (Karl Georg Schuster), sank 160 miles NW of Tory Is (L/un - 56.17N, 12.42W; te - in 56.00N, 12.00W); 3 lives lost. Note: according to "The German Submarine War", this was the first troopship loss in the Atlantic (H/L/ge/me/te/un)

Atlantic off W Ireland

Claveresk, 3,829grt, armed. Gun attack, saved by own gunfire
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

ULTONIA, passenger ship, 10,402/1898, Cunard SS Co, Liverpool, armed, New York for London with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.53 (Hans Rose), sank 190 miles SW of Fastnet (L/te/un/wd - in 48.25N, 11.23W; un – also 48.22N, 11.28W); one life lost (wd - two) (H/L/te/un/wd)
       
NW Mediterranean

TONG HONG, 2,184/1891, Tan Kah Kee, Singapore, armed, sailed Marseilles for Saigon with empty oil drums. Captured by U.63 (Otto Schultze), 75 miles SW of Cape Sicie, near Toulon (L - c6 miles off; un - 55 miles S 3/4 W of Cape Sicie, in 42.09N, 05.40E. Position according to French trawler Vega which tried to tow her, and then rescued the crew), not known how sunk; master taken prisoner (H/L/te/un)
 


Thursday, 28 June 1917

North Sea

CORONA, fishing vessel (L - trawler), 48grt, fishing. Captured by UC.33 (Martin Schelle), sunk by gunfire 65 miles E of Sumburgh Head, S Shetlands (H/L/un)

Seven mainly Grimsby-reg motor fishing vessels on fishing grounds, captured by UC.63 (Karsten von Heydereck) and all but one confirmed sunk by bombs 10 miles NE of Spurn Head, Humber estuary:
   
ELSIE, 20grt (H/L/gy/un)

FRANCES, 20grt (H/L/gy/un) 
 
GLENELG, (L - trawler), 32grt, not known if Grimsby-reg. (L - 18 miles NE of) (H/L/un)
  
HARBINGER, (L - trawler), 39grt. (L - 18 miles NE of) (H/L/gy/un)

ROSE OF JUNE, 20grt. (wi - in 53.42N, 00.17E) (H/L/gy/un/wi)

WILLIAM & BETTY, 21grt (H/L/gy/un)

FRIGATE BIRD, motor vessel, 20grt. (un – 26th or 28th) – originally not known where or how sunk but possibly with other Grimsby boats off Spurn Point. Sunk by UC.63 (Karsten von Heydereck) off Flamborough Head according to Uboat.net (H/L/gy/un)

English Channel

Northfield, 2,099/1901, Harry Keep, London, sailing from Portsmouth, partly loaded with timber. Torpedoed by UB.40 (Hans Howaldt) (L - 35 miles W by N of Shambles LV), towed to Dartmouth on 29th (Admiralty collier when sunk) (H/L/un)

LIZZIE ELLEN, schooner, 114/1874, Cardigan-reg, F J Evans, sailing Jersey for Newport with scrap iron. Captured by UC.65 (Otto Steinbrinck), sunk by bombs 46 miles S of Start Point, Devon (L - 30 miles NW of Roches Douvres LH; un – also in 49.29N, 03.19W) (H/L/Lr/un)

Elsie, sailing vessel, 165grt, armed. Gun attack, escaped under cover of weather

Atlantic off SW England

Two vessels sunk by UC.62 (Max Schmitz), although original dates varied:
   
NEOTSFIELD (1), iron-hulled sailing ship, 1,875/1889, London-reg, Neotsfield Ship Co, sailing Newport (Mon) for Buenos Aires with coal. (H - 25th) - Captured by UC.62, sunk by bombs 112 miles SW by W of Bishop Rock (L/un - in 48.28N, 08.19W) (H/L/Lr/un)

DON ARTURO, 3,680/1906, Buenos Aires & Pacific Railway Co, London, armed, sailing Algiers/Oran for Tees in ballast, went missing, reportedly torpedoed on or around 25th, probably by submarine in the Atlantic. Confirmed as 28th - Torpedoed by UC.62, sank 90 miles WSW of Scillies; 34 lives lost including master (H/L/te/un)

   

Friday, 29 June 1917

North Sea

Two fishing vessels (L/wi - trawlers) fishing together, captured by UC.33 (Martin Schelle) and sunk by gunfire 18 miles E by S of Rattray Head, near Peterhead (wi - in 57.38N, 01.15W):

GEM, 79grt (H/L/wi)

MANX PRINCESS, 87/1908, C F Equer. (wi - by scuttling charges/bombs) (H/L/wi)
   
English Channel

Cheyenne, tanker, 4,987grt, armed. Torpedo missed

Atlantic off N Scotland

Morocco, 3,783grt, armed. Gun attack off Cape Wrath, saved by own gunfire


   
Saturday, 30 June 1917

North Sea
   
Ardens, 1,274grt, armed. Torpedo missed (H/Mn)
       
Two trawlers fishing probably attacked by same U-boat and damaged around the 30th, arrived Grimsby:

Diligence (2), 185grt (L)

Frank, 176grt (L)
       
English Channel

ILSTON, 2,426/1915, Swansea Steamers, Swansea, sailing Swansea for Falmouth/France with railway material. Torpedoed by UB.23 (Hans Ewald Niemer), sank 4 miles SE of Lizard Point, Cornwall (un – also in 49.56N, 05.07W); 6 lives lost (H/L/te/un)
   
Normandiet (1), 1,843grt, armed. Torpedo missed (Normandiet (2) 1858grt, attacked 14/8/17 is probably the same vessel although separately listed in HMSO index)
   
St George's Channel

LADY OF THE LAKE (2), wood ketch, 51/1862, David Stevens, 3 crew, Cork for Newport (Mon) with pitwood. Captured by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sunk by bombs, 15 miles SSW of Hook Point, Waterford (L/un/wi - 25 miles SE by E of Mine Head, in 52.42N, 07.14W) (H/L/un/wi)   

Atlantic

Purley, 4,500grt, armed. Torpedo missed (Admiralty collier when sunk)
   
Mediterranean

Poldennis, 3,539grt, armed. Chased, escaped
   
Central Mediterranean

HAIGH HALL, 4,809/1908, E Nicholl (un – Haigh Hall SS Co (Hansen Bros), Cardiff), sailing Bombay for Naples with wheat. Torpedoed by Austrian U.XXVIII (Zdenko Hudecek), sank 40 miles E of Malta (L - c48 miles E of; te/un - in 36.12N, 15.24E;) (H/L/te/un)





JULY 1917

British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in July: 99 merchant ships totalling 364,858grt - 88 of 319,931grt to submarines, 11 of 44,927grt to mines, plus 18 British fishing vessels totalling 2,736grt - 17 of 2,679grt to submarines, 1 of 57grt to mines (H)

Sunday, 1 July 1917

off Shetlands

DON EMILIO, 3,651/1906, London-reg, Buenos Aires & Pacific Railway Co, Mr W Narvard, sailing Barry for Yukanski (Archangel) with coal. Torpedoed by U.80 (Alfred von Glasenapp), sank 10 miles NW by W of Esha Ness Skerry, N entrance to St Magnus Bay (te/un/wi - in 60.33N, 02.08W); one crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)

off Orkneys

ECLIPSE (1), trawler, 185/1899, Peterhead-reg PD364, Peterhead Trawling, fishing. (L/pd – 30 June; un – or 30 June) – Captured by U.45 (Erich Sittenfeld), sunk by gunfire 100 miles N by W of Brough of Birsa/Birsay islet, off Mainland island (H/L/Lr/pd/un)

North Sea

RADIANCE, sailing smack, 57grt, fishing. Captured by UC.63 (Karsten von Heydebreck), sunk by bombs 3 miles N by E of North Leman Buoy, off Cromer, Norfolk (L/un - 3 miles S by W of) (H/L/un) (Note: UC.63 is also credited by Uboat.net with sinking the two following vessels on the same day. Assuming the North Leman Buoy is off Cromer, then the distance UC.63 would have needed to sail, and through the defended Dover Straits, would make this unlikely)
       
English Channel

Two sailing smacks, both owned by W H Podd, Lowestoft and fishing together, captured by UC.63 (Karsten von Heydebreck) and sunk by gunfire off South Owers Buoy, off Selsey Bill, Sussex:

ADVANCE, 44/1907. Sunk 5 miles SE of (wi - in 50.35N, 00.36W) (H/L/un/wi)

GLEAM, 54/1903. Sunk  1/2 m ENE of (L/un/wi - 3 1/2 m ENE of, in 50.40.24N 00.36.30W) (H/L/un/wi)
           
Atlantic

Tintoretto, 4,181grt, armed. Torpedo missed
       
Bay of Biscay

Demerara, passenger ship, 11,484/1912, Royal Mail Steam Packet Co, Belfast, armed, sailing Liverpool for Buenos Aires with general cargo. Torpedoed by U.84 (Walter Roehr) 6 miles W of Sables d’Olonne, damaged, beached Ile de Ré, refloated; one life lost (H/L/un)
   


Monday, 2 July 1917

U-boat warfare - first regular Atlantic convoy sailed from Hampton Roads, Virginia

North Sea

Three vessels sunk by UC.33 (Martin Schelle), but all on 1 June according to Uboat.net:

ARIEL, sailing vessel, 108grt, sunk in 57.54N, 01.12W (un only)

and two fishing vessels (L/wi - trawlers) on fishing grounds captured and sunk by gunfire 26 miles ESE of Sumburgh Head, S Shetlands (un – 65 miles E of; wi - in 59.50N, 00.21W):

GENERAL BULLER, 72grt (H/L/wi)

HAMNAVOE, 57grt (H/L/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

THIRLBY, 2,009/1898, Sir R Ropner & Co, West Hartlepool, armed, sailing Seville/Bonanza for Garston with copper and copper ore. Torpedoed by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank 122 miles NW by W 1/2 W of Fastnet (L/te/un - in 51.39N, 12.52W); 2 lives lost (H/L/te/un)

   

Tuesday, 3 July 1917

English Channel

Bayvoe, 2,979grt, armed. Torpedo missed
 
Atlantic off S Ireland

ICELAND, 1,501/1903, Liverpool-reg, Liverpool & Hamburg SS, 1-12pdr, 25 crew, Mr D Anderson, sailing Valencia for Clyde/Glasgow with citrus fruit and general cargo, steaming at 10kts. Torpedoed by U.88 (Walther Schwieger), sank 10 miles SW of Galley Head, near Rosscarbery Bay, Co Cork (wi - in 51.23.30N, 09.06W); 2 crew lost (H/L/te/un/wi)
   
Atlantic off SW Ireland

MATADOR, 3,642/1904, Liverpool-reg, Charente SS, armed, Mr O Frank, New Orleans for Liverpool with general cargo. Torpedoed by UC.31 (Otto von Schrader), sank 115 miles W by N 1/2 N of Fastnet (L/te/wi - in 51.16N, 12.25W; wi - also 85 miles W by S of Bull Rock); 2 crew lost (H/L/Mn/te/un/wi)
       
Western Mediterranean

CITY OF CAMBRIDGE, 3,844 (tl - 3,788)/1882, Ellerman's City Line (was G Smith/City Line), Glasgow-reg, armed, Alexandria for Liverpool with general cargo and passengers. Torpedoed by UC.67 (Karl Neumann), sank 10 miles NW of Jidjelli/Djedjelli, Algeria (L - in 36.55N, 05.33E) (H/L/te/un)