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  British and Other Navies in World War 2 Day-by-Day
by Don Kindell

NAVAL EVENTS SEPTEMBER 1939 (Part 2 of 2)
Friday 15th - Saturday 30th

Partly edited by Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net

HMS Broke, destroyer (Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

on to Naval Events, OCTOBER 1939

 

Note: all vessels and aircraft are British or Dominion unless otherwise identified - click for abbreviations.
Corrections with thanks to Donald Bertke
(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

 

Background Events - September 1939-March 1940
Battle of Atlantic starts, 'Phoney War' on land, Battle of River Plate


 

 

1939

 

 

Friday, 15 September

 

Western Atlantic - Canadian destroyers FRASER and ST LAURENT arrived at Halifax for escort duties.

 

Kingston, Jamaica-UK (KJF) convoys - the first of the series, KJF.1, sailed with light cruiser ORION as escort from the 15th to 17th.

 

The series only continued until 8 October 1939 with three more KJF’s leaving Kingston, all unescorted - KJF.2 departing 22nd and arriving 6 October, KJF.3 departing 29th and arriving 14 October, and KJF.4 departing 8 October and arriving 22nd.

 

Northern Patrol - light cruiser DUNEDIN departed Scapa Flow for Northern Patrol duties and arrived back on the 18th.

 

British northern waters - battleship NELSON departed Loch Ewe on the evening of the 15th, escorted by destroyers SOMALI, MASHONA, MATABELE and arrived at Scapa Flow next morning.

 

Destroyer FURY, which had departed Scapa Flow on the 14th escorting battleship RODNEY, joined aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL at sea on anti-submarine patrol.

 

Heavy cruiser NORFOLK departed Scapa Flow.

 

Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA departed Scapa Flow and arrived back on the 16th.

 

British east coast/North Sea U.36 sank steamer TRURO (974grt) 130 miles ENE of Rattray Head in 58‑20N, 02‑00E. Survivors were picked up by a Belgian trawler.

 

British aircraft bombed a submarine contact 60 miles east of Aberdeen. Destroyer SABRE was already hunting in the area and was joined by destroyer FORESIGHT, which had departed Scapa Flow on the 16th.

 

Destroyer BROKE attacked a submarine contact off Flamborough Head.

 

Light cruiser NEWCASTLE relieved light cruiser SHEFFIELD for duties with the Humber Force, although SHEFFIELD continued in the 18th Cruiser Squadron for another week.

 

Destroyers JERVIS, JAVELIN, JERSEY, JUPITER departed the Humber to search for a reported damaged German submarine in the North Sea. There was no contact, and the ships were badly battered by heavy weather. JUPITER and JAVELIN also attacked a submarine contact three miles NE of Flamborough. British trawler SILURIA (207grt) passing between them during their hunt, rode over a submerged object which she reported as a suspected submarine. On return, JERVIS boiler cleaned and repaired at Rosyth from the 17th to 22nd and JERSEY docked at Chatham from the 18th to 20th.

 

Destroyer VALOROUS attacked a submarine contact 10 miles east of Lowestoft.

 

Convoy FN.5 departed Southend and arrived at Methil on the 16th.

 

English Channel - destroyer WREN made two attacks on a submarine contact off Cherbourg.

 

Belgian liner ALEX VAN OPSTAL (5965grt) sank on a mine laid by U.26 on the 8th off Shambles Light ½ mile east of Weymouth and Greek steamer ATLANTICOS (5446grt) rescued her survivors. As ALEX VAN OPSTAL went down, she put number three submarine detection loop out of action.

 

UK-France convoys - BC.2 departed Barry, escorted by destroyers WOLVERINE and WAKEFUL, and arrived at Quiberon Bay on the 16th. The convoy was also escorted by French large destroyers MOGADOR and VOLTA from 0600 to 2000 on the 16th.

 

DB.2 departed Southampton with one personnel ship for Brest, escorted by destroyers WREN and VENOMOUS and arrived on the 16th. The following DB.3 was cancelled.

 

UK-out convoys - OA.5 of two ships, and OA.5A of twelve, departed Southend. Destroyers JANUS, JACKAL and Polish GROM departed Devonport to escort them from the 15th to 18th, when the convoy dispersed. JANUS arrived back at Devonport on the 18th and JACKAL on the 20th.

 

OB.5 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers VERSATILE and VIMY until the 18th and joined by destroyer VIVACIOUS

 

Southwestern approaches - steamer ROTHESAY CASTLE (7016grt) was attacked by U.26, 120 miles SW of Fastnet, but not damaged

 

U.53 seriously damaged British tanker CHEYENNE (8825grt) 150 miles WSW of Fastnet at 50‑20N, 13‑30W. The crew was picked up by Norwegian steamer IDA BAKKE (5455grt) which was directed to the tanker by U.53. As U.53 was scuttling CHEYENNE with gunfire, destroyer MACKAY, 11th Flotilla arrived and drove her off. Finding CHEYENNE beyond salvage, MACKAY finished off the tanker with gunfire.

 

 

 

Central and South Atlantic – light cruiser COLOMBO (above - Navy Photos) departed Gibraltar for Casablanca and arrived back on the 17th.

 

Heavy cruiser CUMBERLAND arrived at Rio de Janiero with destroyers HAVOCK and HOTSPUR. After refuelling and reprovisioning, the destroyers departed that night and CUMBERLAND next day. CUMBERLAND was ordered to commence escort duties with HAVOCK from Rio de Janiero, while heavy cruiser EXETER with HOTSPUR was to escort outbound shipping from Montevideo.

 

Chinese waters - sloop SANDWICH departing Tienstin under tow because of low water, ran aground at Taku. She was towed off by five tugs, but a towing line fouled a propeller. With tug ST BREOCK in attendance, SANDWICH left the area.

 

 

Saturday, 16 September

 

Halifax, Nova Scotia-UK (HX) convoys - the first of the convoys, HX 1, departed Halifax at 1400 with Canadian destroyers ST LAURENT and SAGUENAY as local escorts. On the 17th, 353 miles east of Halifax, the convoy was turned over to heavy cruisers YORK and BERWICK. The cruisers arrived back at Halifax on the 20th, while the convoy reached Liverpool on the 30th.

 

British northern waters - aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL and destroyers FAULKNOR, FIREDRAKE, FEARLESS, FURY, FORESTER, FORTUNE arrived at Loch Ewe to refuel. Destroyer FOXHOUND, also with ARK ROYAL’s screen, arrived at Scapa Flow for her refuelling.

 

Light cruiser DRAGON arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

Destroyer MATABELE departed Scapa Flow and arrived at Loch Ewe on the 17th.

 

Destroyer ESKIMO arrived at Loch Ewe.

 

Destroyer FORESIGHT departed Scapa Flow to assist destroyer SABRE hunting a submarine reported by aircraft. FORESIGHT oiled at Rosyth on the 17th and arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 18th.

 

Scottish west coast - British trawler WELLVALE (271grt) was lost to unknown cause.

 

British east coast – convoy FS.6 departed Methil and arrived at Southend on the 18th.

 

Destroyer WANDERER attacked a submarine contact 10 miles E by S of Flamborough Head. Sloop HASTINGS also attacked a contact, but this time 38 miles E by S of Flamborough Head.

 

Destroyer VALOROUS attacked submarine contacts 10 miles east of Lowestoft and also 32 miles SW of Spurn Point.

 

Steamer CITY OF PARIS (10,902grt) in convoy FN.6 was damaged 3½ miles ENE of Aldeburgh in 52‑14N, 01‑43E by a mine laid by U.13 on the 4th.

 

British submarine H.34, carrying out experiments off Harwich, was bombed by a friendly aircraft. No damage was done.

 

Convoy FN.6 departed Southend and arrived at Methil on the 18th.

 

Humber Force - light cruisers GLASGOW and SOUTHAMPTON departed the Humber and arrived at Rosyth on the 17th. SOUTHAMPTON boiler-cleaned from 17th to 19th, GLASGOW from 19th to 21st.

 

Dover Straits - steamer BRAMDEN (1594grt), inbound from Dunkirk, was sunk on a British defensive minefield in 51‑22N, 02‑31E, with three crew lost.

 

Southwestern approaches - aircraft carrier COURAGEOUS departed Plymouth for anti-submarine hunting in the Western Approaches, west of 12-00W and north of 250° from Land's End. She was joined outside the breakwater at 0930 by destroyers INGLEFIELD, IVANHOE, IMPULSIVE. Destroyer INTREPID, which had not completed embarking depth charges departed Plymouth later in the day and joined them at 1500. IMPULSIVE attacked a submarine contact at 2035 and INGLEFIELD went to assist. At 2150, the search was abandoned as a "non-sub" contact.

 

Light cruisers CARADOC and CERES with destroyer KELLY departed Plymouth for anti-submarine patrol in the Western Approaches. The cruisers returned on the 18th.

                                                                             

U.33 sank steamer ARKLESIDE (1567grt) 150 miles SW of Land's End in 48‑00N, 09‑30W.

 

Destroyer WHIRLWIND attacked a submarine contact 330 miles WSW of Land's End.

 

U.31 sank steamer AVIEMORE (4060grt) at 0815, 350 miles west of Land's End in 49-11N, 13‑38W. She was sailing as an independent crossing ahead of convoy OB.4 and not a member of the convoy as frequently reported. Twenty three crew were lost and 11 survivors were by destroyer WARWICK. A ship in OB.4 was attacked by U.31 at 0040 but was not damaged. WARWICK was then missed at 0827 by a torpedo from U.31 in 49-17N, 13-38W, but in the counter-attack, the submarine sustained light damage.

 

Destroyers KEMPENFELT and VESPER attacked a submarine contact ESE of Fastnet.

 

Royal Fleet Auxiliary BACCHUS (5150grt) was missed by a torpedo, 170 miles SW of Fastnet at 2242.

 

U.27 sank British trawler RUDYARD KIPLING (333grt) 100 miles west of Donegal. The entire crew were towed in their boats by the submarine to within five miles of the coast. Destroyers SOMALI and MATABELE and aircraft were ordered to the area to search for the submarine.

 

Mediterranean - Heavy cruiser SHROPSHIRE arrived at Malta for docking, departed on the 18th and reached Alexandria on the 20th.

 

 

Sunday, 17 September

 

Norwegian Sea - German steamer CLARE HUGO STINNES I (5294grt) which had run aground on Raftsund on the 9th was refloated on this date and taken to Trondheim to offload her cargo on the 21st. With a damaged bottom, she remained at Trondheim until early October when she left for repairs at Tingvold arriving on 6 October. She underwent repairs until 7 April 1940, then left Tingvold for Ulvik in Hardangersfjord. This move did not save her during the Norwegian campaign as she was soon captured by Norwegian forces, but only until 20 April when she was recaptured by German naval forces.

 

ARK ROYAL, North Western approaches - aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL with destroyers FURY, FORESTER, FORTUNE, FEARLESS departed Loch Ewe for her second anti-submarine patrol NW of Ireland. Destroyers SOMALI and MATABELE sailed ahead to search for a reported submarine in the area of Tory Island. FORTUNE was later detached to join.

 

On the 17th seven miles west of Tory Island, steamer BARON LOVAT (3395grt) was attacked by a submarine and ARK ROYAL's aircraft sent to search the area.

 

With the loss of COURAGEOUS (below), ARK ROYAL and escorts were ordered to return to Loch Ewe at 1400/18th. Still on the 18th, ARK ROYAL’s aircraft sighted a submarine in the afternoon, which FURY unsuccessfully depth charged in 55‑48N, 10‑50W.

 

Destroyers SOMALI, MATABELE, FORTUNE rejoined the force at 1545/18th. SOMALI and MATABELE were again detached at 2047/18th to assist British trawler LORD MINTO which was under attack. ARK ROYAL arrived in harbour at 0950/19th.

 

British northern waters - heavy cruiser NORFOLK departed Scapa Flow on patrol. Returning on the 20th, she was ordered to proceed through Fair Isle Channel, due to submarine activity in Pentland Firth and arrived back on the 21st.

 

Battleship NELSON departed Scapa Flow, unaccompanied, and arrived at Loch Ewe that evening.

 

Destroyer MASHONA arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

Destroyer FAME departed Scapa Flow escorting British tanker SAN ALBERTO (7397grt) to Invergordon. FAME arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 18th with tanker MONTENOL.

 

British west coast - patrol sloop PC.74, operating as decoy ship CHATGROVE, was damaged in a collision with British trawler TOM MOORE (194grt) at Liverpool. PC.74 was repaired at Liverpool completing on 4 October.

 

U.32 laid mines in Bristol Channel, which sank two merchant ships.

 

British east coast - sloops BITTERN and ENCHANTRESS, both escorting an east coast convoy, separately attacked submarine contacts off Flamborough Head.

 

North Sea - submarine SEAHORSE departed Dundee on patrol on the 16th, and now on the 17th, attacked U.36 at 1200 while she was searching a Danish merchant ship 100 miles east of Montrose in 56-42N, 0-52E. Three torpedoes were fired at 1210, with one apparently hitting, but not exploding. U.36 examined neutrals Norwegian steamers IRIS (1177grt) and ELDRID (1712grt), Swedish steamer NORMA (1287grt) and Danish steamer OSLO (1412grt) on the 17th.

 

U.41 captured Finnish merchant ships VEGA (1073grt) and SUOMEN POIKA (1099grt) in the North Sea at 58N, 04E and sent both ships back to Germany with prize crews.

 

Baltic - Polish submarine SEP (Lt Cdr Salamon), with two compartments flooded and diving planes inoperative, arrived at Landsort, Sweden, for internment.

 

Dover Straits - patrol sloop KITTIWAKE struck a British mine at 1900 in the Goodwins-Ruytingen minefield two miles east of South Goodwin Light Vessel and only a few cables from minesweepers sinking shallow mines. She was badly damaged with one rating killed and four missing from the blast. Cdr E R Conder was blown off the bridge and later picked up by a trawler. Minesweeper HARRIER took 39 crewmen on board and towed KITTIWAKE to Dover. On 7 October she was towed by tugs GONDIA and SIMLA to Sheerness and under repair until 18 January 1941.

 

English Channel - minelaying-cruiser ADVENTURE, escorted by destroyer BEAGLE, departed Dover to return to Portsmouth where they arrived safely.

                                                                             

UK-France convoys - DB.4 departed Southampton with troops and arrived at Brest on the 19th.

                                                                             

MB.4 departed Southampton with eight cargo ships carrying war materials and arrived at Brest on the 19th.

 

BC.1F of steamers FENELLA and TYNWALD departed Quiberon Bay escorted by destroyers KEITH and VIVACIOUS. The convoy safely arrived at Barry Roads on the 19th.

 

BC.1S of steamers BARON MINTO, BELLEROPHON, and TRELAWNEY departed the Loire, escorted by destroyers ELECTRA and ESCORT. The convoy arrived in Bristol Channel on the 19th.

 

UK-out convoys - OA.6 departed Southend, while destroyers JUNO and AMAZON departed Devonport to escort the convoy from the 17th to 20th. The destroyers arrived back at Devonport on the 21st.

 

OB.6 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers WINCHELSEA and WALPOLE.

 

Loss of aircraft carrier COURAGEOUS - COURAGEOUS (Capt William Makeig-Jones) was on anti-submarine patrol 350 miles west of Land's End with destroyers INGLEFIELD, INTREPID, IMPULSIVE, IVANHOE. The distress call from KARIFISTAN was received and COURAGEOUS flew off four aircraft and detached destroyers INGLEFIELD and INTREPID to assist. One of the aircraft dropped a bomb on U.53 causing her to dive.

 

Then U.29 sighted COURAGEOUS in 50‑10N, 14‑45W and fired two torpedoes at 1920. They exploded port side and COURAGEOUS sank at 2015.

 

Capt Makeig-Jones, Lt Cdr P H Cardew, 811 Squadron’s Lt H J C Walton-Wilson, Lt A F Ingram, Lt (A) T D M MacDonald and PO Airman B J Owen, 822 Squadron’s Sub Lt (A) D F Williams and Acting Sub Lt (A) G J B Pollard, Paymaster Cdr M Lawrey, Commissioned Gunners A J Hocken Rtd and F J Smith, Commissioned Boatswain P J O'Brien Rtd, Warrant Engineers J H Winter, F E Blackman and J J Spilman, Schoolmaster W E Tomlinson, Warrant Writer J D Latham, Warrant Supply Officer G B Jess and 501 ratings, including 36 RAF service crewmen, were lost. IMPULSIVE was unable to do any more than assist in rescuing survivors (Casualty List).

 

IVANHOE made three anti-submarine attacks at 2000, 2017, and 2028 during a five hour search and IVANHOE and INTREPID searched until daylight. Destroyers KEMPENFELT and ECHO submarine hunting in the area went to assist.

 

Light cruisers CARADOC and CERES and destroyer KELLY investigating a possible submarine contact off Land's End received the COURAGEOUS SOS and sped to the scene to rescue survivors. INGLEFIELD arrived back at 2335.

 

American steamer COLLINGSWORTH (5101grt), steamer DIDO (3554grt), Dutch liner VEENDAM (15,450grt) also rescued survivors. DIDO picked up 23 officers and 195 five ratings. The survivors were transferred from the merchant ships to INGLEFIELD and KELLY, and arrived at Devonport on the evening of 18 September. INTREPID escorted steamer DIDO to Liverpool.

 

Cdr C W G M Woodhouse was rescued, but never recovered from his injuries and died on 27 July 1940 while attached to HMS DRAKE.

 

U.29 left her patrol area for Wilhelmshaven for refuelling with only one torpedo left.

                                                                             

Southwestern approaches - destroyer ANTELOPE with destroyer JACKAL in company attacked a submarine contact 15 miles SSW of Land's End.

 

Destroyer KELLY, 70 miles SW of Land's End made three attacks on submarine contacts early on the 17th.

 

U.53 attacked steamer KARIFISTAN (5193grt) at 1445, 280 miles WSW of Fastnet in 50‑16N, 16‑55W. She was able to get off a radio report before being sunk by U.53. Six crewmen were lost and the survivors were picked up by American steamer AMERICAN FARMER (7430grt).

 

Spanish and Portuguese coasts - French large destroyers LE FANTASQUE, LE TERRIBLE, L’AUDACIEUX patrolled off the Spanish coast from the 17th to 19th.

 

Light cruiser CAPETOWN departed Gibraltar as escort with SL.1 and arrived back on the 27th.

                                                                             

Mediterranean Fleet - arrived back at Alexandria after covering Mediterranean convoys GC.1 and Green 1.

                                                                             

Indian Ocean - Light cruiser GLOUCESTER departed Mombasa and arrived at Aden on the 22nd.

 

 

Monday, 18 September

 

Northern Patrol - light cruiser CARDIFF departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol duties, arriving back on the 22nd.

 

U.35 and other U-boats in Northwestern approaches - U.35 sank British trawlers ARLITA (326grt) 22 miles WNW of St Kilda and LORD MINTO (295grt) off the Butt of Lewis, 30miles NW of St Kilda in 57-51N, 9-28W on the 18th. The survivors were picked up by British trawler NANCY HAGUE (299grt), which was in company and spared by the submarine to rescue the other two crews.

 

At 0409/19th, U.35 stopped trawler ALVIS (279grt) 29 miles north of St Kilda. She was ordered to dismantle her radio and proceed to Fleetwood. This trawler was erroneously reported in early sources as the RIVER TAY (203grt).

 

At 0600/19th, trawler NEIL MACKAY (209grt) was chased by an unknown U-boat, 22 miles W by N of the Butt of Lewis.

 

These attacks put into motion a major anti-submarine operation by destroyers beginning on the 19th.

 

British northern waters - light cruisers AURORA, EDINBURGH, BELFAST, and SHEFFIELD departed Sullom Voe after refuelling and arrived at Scapa Flow on the 20th.

 

Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA with destroyer FOXHOUND departed Scapa Flow for patrol in Fair Isle Channel, stopping Danish steamer MAROCCO (1641grt) on the 18th and sending her into Kirkwall for inspection. At 2029/18th, FOXHOUND attacked a submarine contact east of the Orkneys and on the 20th detached to investigate another contact. During this hunt, FOXHOUND experienced a defect to her depth charge thrower and repaired at Scapa Flow alongside light cruiser AURORA. CALCUTTA arrived back on the 21st.

 

Light cruiser DELHI arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

Light cruiser ENTERPRISE departed Scapa Flow and arrived back on the 21st.

 

British east coast - U.23 laid mines in St Andrews Bay between Dundee and the Firth of Forth.

 

Convoy FS.7 departed Methil and arrived at Southend on the 20th.

 

Destroyer JUPITER made an attack on U.21 off Dunbar, but no damage was done. The submarine was also attacked unsuccessfully by aircraft.

 

Destroyers EXPRESS and ESK arrived at the Humber after escorting convoys off Flamborough Head.

 

Convoy FN.7 departed Southend and arrived at Methil on the 20th.

                                                                             

North Sea - destroyer BOREAS on patrol was near missed by German bombing, but not damaged.

 

U.7 departed Kiel for patrol in the North Sea and returned on 3 October.

 

Baltic - Polish submarine ORZEL, commanded by Lt Grudzinski, escaped internment at Tallin and began a 16 day patrol in the Baltic before heading for England.

 

Polish submarine RYS, with damaged periscopes and low on fuel, arrived at Stavnas, Sweden, for internment.

 

English Channel – destroyer JAGUAR with destroyer VANOC in company attacked a submarine contact off St Albans Head, Dorset.

 

Light cruisers CERES and CARADOC departed Plymouth on escort duties and arrived back on the 20th.

 

Destroyer VANOC attacked a submarine contact SW of Eddystone.

 

Destroyer ISIS attacked a submarine contact 20 miles south of the Lizard, Cornwall.

                                                                             

UK-France convoys - BC.3S of 16 steamers including BARON GRAHAM, BARON MACLAY, NEW TEXAS (Cdre), and TREWORLAS departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyers MONTROSE (SO), VENETIA, and VISCOUNT. The convoy safely arrived in the Loire on the 20th.

                                                             

UK-Turkey - Polish destroyer BLYSKAWICA departed Liverpool with steamer CLAN MENZIES (7336grt) carrying military stores for Turkey. Both ships arrived at Gibraltar on the 22nd and continued on to Malta. From Malta on the 27th, the steamer proceeded to Istanbul and BLYSKAWICA returned to Plymouth, arriving on 1 October.

 

Southwestern approaches - destroyer INTREPID attacked a submarine contact 30 miles N by W of Land's End.

                                                                             

U.32 sank steamer KENSINGTON COURT (4863grt) with gunfire 70 miles SW of Fastnet in 50‑31N, 08‑27W. The submarine was attacked by British aircraft, but was not damaged. Destroyer KELLY was dispatched to assist, but before arriving on the scene, the crew had been picked up by a Sunderland flying boat of RAF 204 Squadron.

 

Gibraltar area - destroyers EXMOUTH, ENCOUNTER, ECLIPSE, ESCAPADE departed Gibraltar to return to England after escorting convoy GC.1, and arrived at Plymouth on the 20th.

 

The French 2nd Squadron of battleships PROVENCE, BRETAGNE, LORRAINE with four destroyers (LE PALME, LE MARS, and TEMPÊTE of the 1st Division, and one other - the other destroyers of the Squadron were with GC.1) departed Gibraltar to return to Oran.

 

Mediterranean - anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY departed Alexandria on patrol.

 

Destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER, DELIGHT, and DUCHESS arrived at Suez, passed through the Canal and arrived at Alexandria next day to join the Mediterranean Fleet.

                                                                             

Central and South Atlantic – the French instituted a Canary Islands submarine patrol. ARGO and CENTAURE of the 4th Submarine Division departed Casablanca on the 22nd to begin the patrol, followed in rotation by LE CENTAURE, ARGO, PASCAL, HENRI POINCARÉ, also of the 4th Division.

 

Light cruiser DANAE departed Simonstown on patrol and arrived back on the 21st.

                                                                             

                                                                             

Tuesday, 19 September

 

Western Atlantic - in response to a submarine report in Neutrality Area l off Nova Scotia, American destroyer LEARY (DD.158) (LCDR E Watts) departed Boston to search for the supposed German submarine. After several hours of unsuccessful search, LEARY returned to Boston on the 20th.

 

Convoy HXF.1 departed Halifax at 1400 escorted by Canadian destroyers FRASER and SAGUENAY, with cover provided by heavy cruisers BERWICK and YORK on the 19th and 20th. In the Western Approaches, the convoy was escorted on the 27th to 29th by destroyer AMAZON, which had escorted OA.9. Convoy HXF.1 arrived at Liverpool on the 29th.

 

Convoy KJ.1 departed Kingston escorted by light cruiser ORION from the 19th to 22nd. In Home Waters, the convoy was escorted by destroyer VIVACIOUS from 10th to 11th October, when the convoy arrived.

 

British northern waters - destroyers FORESIGHT and FAME departed Scapa Flow on patrol.

 

Destroyers FORTUNE, ESKIMO, TARTAR, PUNJABI departed Loch Ewe on patrol.

 

British east coast - destroyer WANDERER attacked a submarine contact off Flamborough.

                                                                             

Destroyer WALLACE attacked a submarine contact 10 miles east of Cromer Knoll.

 

English Channel - destroyer VANOC attacked a submarine contact 15 miles SW of Eddystone.

 

UK-out convoys - destroyers ACASTA and JANUS departed Plymouth on the 19th to escort OA.7, consisting of 28 ships, which had left Southend on the 19th. They were joined on the 20th by destroyer ARDENT, the convoy dispersed on the 22nd in 48N, 12-30W and the destroyers returned to Plymouth.

 

OB.7 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyer WHIRLWIND until the 20th. She was relieved by destroyer MACKAY as escort from the 20th to 22nd, and MACKAY by WARWICK escorted the convoy from 19 to 22 September.

 

UK-France convoys - MB.5 departed Southampton with six cargo ships, escorted by destroyers ACHATES, SARDONYX, and ACHERON. The convoy arrived at Brest on the 21st.

                                                                             

BC.3 F.of steamers FENELLA, ST JULIEN, and ULSTER PRINCE departed Bristol Channel and arrived at Quiberon Bay on the 20th. The convoy with the same ships departed Quiberon Bay on the 21st and arrived in Bristol Channel on the 22nd.

                                                                             

Southwestern approaches - British aircraft dropped bombs on a submarine contact 30 miles N by W of Land's End. Destroyer INTREPID was sent to investigate.

 

Destroyers INGLEFIELD and KELLY attacked a submarine contact 70 miles southeast of Fastnet. This was later determined to be the wreck of steamer KENSINGTON COURT (4863grt) sunk on the 18th.

 

Morocco-Biscay - a French unnumbered convoy of steamers MARRAKECH, KERGUELEN, KILISSI, KATIOLA departed Casablanca escorted by destroyers BRESTOIS and FOUDROYANT. The convoy arrived at Bordeaux on the 23rd.

 

Caribbean - Light cruiser ORION and Australian light cruiser PERTH departed Kingston on patrol. ORION arrived back on the 23rd.

 

 

Wednesday, 20 September

 

Northern Patrol - light cruiser EMERALD departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol duties and arrived back on the 28th.

 

A/S operations, northern waters - after U.35 sank British trawlers off the Butt of Lewis on the 18th, a submarine hunt began on the 19th. Destroyers SOMALI, MATABELE, PUNJABI, TARTAR, ESKIMO of the 6th Flotilla and FAULKNOR, FORTUNE, FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FURY, FORESTER of the 8th Flotilla departed Loch Ewe on the 19th for the hunt. Two of these destroyers were employed on Fair Isle Channel patrol and the other two divisions of destroyers were off the Butt of Lewis.

 

FAME unsuccessfully attacked U.27 at 0100/20th, 10 miles WNW of Fair Isle. FORTUNE and FORESTER then sank U.27 at 0342 off the Butt of Lewis in 58‑35N, 09‑02E. FORTUNE, which was able to retrieve secret documents from the submarine before the submarine sank, FAULKNOR, and FURY rescued the entire crew of four officers and 34 ratings which were transferred to FEARLESS.

 

FAULKNOR attacked another contact at 1112/20th, 20 miles NW of the Butt of Lewis.

 

Home Fleet - battleships NELSON and RODNEY, battlecruisers HOOD and REPULSE, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, and destroyers FIREDRAKE, FORTUNE, TARTAR, PUNJABI departed Loch Ewe at 1915/20th. Destroyers FAULKNOR, FOXHOUND, FURY, FEARLESS, FORESTER, FORESIGHT departed Scapa Flow on the 20th and joined the arriving force.

 

FOXHOUND had problems with her depth charge thrower during the U.27 hunt and arrived at Scapa Flow on the 20th. The defects were repaired alongside light cruiser AURORA.

 

FIREDRAKE attacked a submarine contact at 0945/21st, 312° from Dunnet Head, assisted by destroyer FORTUNE.

 

The fleet, joined at sea by destroyers MATABELE, MASHONA, ESKIMO, BEDOUIN, arrived at Scapa Flow for refuelling on the 21st. Destroyers FAME and SOMALI also arrived at Scapa Flow on the 21st.

 

British northern waters - destroyers FORESTER, FURY, FAULKNOR, and MASHONA departed Scapa Flow on patrol.

 

British west coast - two Anson bombers attacked a submarine off Lundy Island. Destroyers WOLVERINE, WITHERINGTON, VOLUNTEER, VERITY departed Milford Haven at 0055/21st to hunt for the submarine.

 

British east coast – Polish submarine WILK arrived at Rosyth from the Baltic, then departed for Scapa Flow on the 21st, escorted by destroyer STURDY.

                                                                             

Convoy FS.8 departed Methil, and arrived at Southend on the 22nd.

 

Convoy FN.8 departed Southend, arrived at Methil on the 22nd.

 

North Sea - submarines STARFISH and STURGEON were withdrawn from patrol areas off the Norwegian coast allocated at the outset of the war to RAF Coastal Command. Aircraft now took over the patrol, starting with Hudson bombers on the 18th. Submarines SEAHORSE and TRITON remained on patrol off the Norwegian coast to intercept German merchant ships. The submarines were then deployed in the Heligoland Bight, off Jutland, and in the Skagerrak.

 

English Channel - aircraft carrier HERMES departed Plymouth with destroyer KELLY on aircraft flying exercises. After the exercises, HERMES returned to Plymouth and KELLY went on to Portland to join destroyer KINGSTON which was working up.

 

Light cruiser CARADOC departed Plymouth on escort duties and arrived back on the 21st.

 

UK-France convoys - BC.2 of steamers CITY OF PRETORIA and HARMATTAN departed the Loire escorted by destroyers MONTROSE and WAKEFUL, and safely arrived in Bristol Channel on the 22nd.

 

DB.5 departed Southampton with three personnel ships, escorted by destroyers VANSITTART and SCIMITAR, and arrived at Brest on the 21st.

 

Southwestern approaches - British aircraft attacked a submarine contact 40 miles WSW of the Scillies. Destroyer ILEX was sent to investigate, but did not regain the contact.

 

Mediterranean - light cruisers ARETHUSA and PENELOPE departed Alexandria for patrol south of the Otranto Straits. They refuelled at Malta on the 25th/26th, sailed on the 27th and patrolled Kithera Channel. They arrived back at Alexandria on the 30th.

 

Convoy Blue 2 departed Port Said with 10 merchant ships. Destroyers GREYHOUND, GLOWWORM and sloops FLEETWOOD and ABERDEEN escorted the convoy from the 20th to 30th, and were joined by French destroyer TROMBE and torpedo boat POMONE from the 26th to 29th.The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on the 30th.

 

Central and South Atlantic – convoy SLF.1 was escorted by light cruiser NEPTUNE, departing Freetown on the 20th. The cruiser was detached on the 23rd and proceeded to Dakar. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 28th.

 

Heavy cruiser EXETER departed Montevideo to patrol off Rio de Janiero.

 

Indian Ocean - aircraft carrier EAGLE departed Colombo for a week of raider hunting in the Indian Ocean.

 

 

Thursday, 21 September

 

British northern waters - destroyers ESK and EXPRESS arrived at Invergordon from the Humber to escort tanker SAN ALBERTO (7397grt). They arrived at Scapa Flow on the 21st.

 

North Sea - light cruiser CAIRO and destroyers CODRINGTON, BEAGLE, BLANCHE, BOADICEA were involved in operation CL, a sweep towards Texel to intercept German merchant steamers. Following this operation, these ships covered convoy FN.9.

 

Baltic - German auxiliary anti-submarine trawler UJ.171 (trawler NETTELBECK) was wrecked in the Baltic.

                                                                             

English Channel - light cruiser CERES departed Plymouth and arrived back the same day.

 

UK-France convoys - MB.6 of seven cargo ships, escorted by destroyers ARROW, ANTHONY, SALADIN, departed Southampton, and arrived at Brest on the 23rd.

 

BC.4F of steamer TYNWALD departed Barry in the Bristol Channel escorted by destroyers ESCORT, ELECTRA, VIVACIOUS and arrived at Quiberon Bay on the 23rd. Not long after sailing, ESCORT and WESSEX attacked a submarine contact 30 miles SW of Swansea. BC.4 departed Bristol Channel at the same time with steamers BARON KINNAIRD and CLAN MONROE and the two convoys arrived together.

                                                                             

UK-out convoys - destroyers JANUS, JACKAL and Polish GROM departed Devonport to escort convoy OA.8, after it had departed Southend with 22 ships. JACKAL and GROM were with the convoy from the 21st to 24th, and JANUS from the 22nd to 24th, when the convoy dispersed. The destroyers arrived back at Devonport on the 25th.

                                                                             

Convoy OB.8 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers VERSATILE and VIMY to the 24th.

                                                                             

Southwestern approaches - U.35 torpedoed and damaged steamer TEAKWOOD (6014grt) from convoy OA.7 south of Land's End at 49‑39N, 06‑39W. The damaged ship was taken to Falmouth, escorted by destroyer ARDENT. En route to Falmouth, destroyer VESPER relieved ARDENT which returned to the convoy. Destroyers ECHO, which departed Plymouth on the 21st, with IMPERIAL and KEMPENFELT searched the area.

 

French convoys, Mediterranean - during the night of 21st/22nd, French convoys L.1, escorted by large destroyers VAUTOUR and GERFAUT, and L.3, escorted by large destroyers GUEPARD and VERDUN, converged 80 miles west of Malta.

 

In a first collision, French liner MARIETTE PACHA (12239grt) with L.3 had a damaged bow and proceeded to Malta, escorted by liner EL D'JEZAIR. French liner CHENONEAUX (14825grt) with L.1 was towed to Malta by tug ROYSTER, arriving on the 23rd. Large destroyer VAUTOUR with L.3 and liner EL D'JEZAIR with L.1 also collided.

 

On the 28th, MARIETTE PACHA departed Malta escorted by destroyers HOSTILE, HERO, HEREWARD, HASTY for Marseilles. The destroyers remained with the liner until the 30th, then returned to Malta, arriving 2 October. CHENONCEAUX was under repair at Malta for four months.

 

Central Atlantic - convoy SL.2 departed Freetown on the 21st, escorted by light cruiser DESPATCH and destroyer HUNTER, but HUNTER was ordered to return to Freetown at 1500/21st. DESPATCH remained and then parted company at 0600/28th, arriving back on 2 October. The convoy reached Liverpool on 7 October.

 

During the night of 21st/22nd September, German steamers CAP NORTE (13,615grt), TIJUCA (5918grt), and CURITYBA (4969grt) departed Pernambuco to return to Germany.

 

Indian Ocean - light cruiser MANCHESTER arrived at Bombay.

 

Chinese waters - destroyer DIANA departed Hong Kong on the 21st, Singapore on the 25th, and Colombo on the 29th en route to the Mediterranean Fleet. She arrived at Suez on 11 October.

 

Australian waters - Australian light cruiser HOBART arrived at Sydney.

 

Pacific - before the war started, German steamer LEIPZIG (5898grt) departed Christobal on 24 August when Australian light cruiser PERTH arrived, and reached Guajaquil, Ecuador on 8 September. On the 20th, a short time before light cruiser ACHILLES arrived off the port, she left Guajaquil and arrived at Callao, Peru on the 21st. ACHILLES departed later the same day.

 

 

Friday, 22 September

 

Western Atlantic - heavy cruiser BERWICK departed Halifax on escort duties.

 

Northern Patrol - light cruisers CALYPSO and DUNEDIN departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol duties. CALYPSO was missed by a torpedo at 2340 in 61-50N, 8-22W.

                                                                             

Light cruiser ENTERPRISE departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol duties, and arrived back on the 28th.

                                                                             

British northern waters - light cruiser DELHI arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

Operation SK, North Sea - Rear Admiral, Destroyers on light cruiser AURORA with destroyers TARTAR, BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, ESKIMO departed Scapa Flow and light cruisers SOUTHAMPTON, GLASGOW, SHEFFIELD with destroyers JERVIS, JERSEY, JAVELIN, JUPITER of the 7th Flotilla departed Rosyth to attack German shipping off the Norwegian coast.

 

To cover the operation, battlecruisers HOOD and REPULSE left Scapa Flow with destroyers FAME, FORESIGHT, FIREDRAKE, FORTUNE. Soon after sailing, FORTUNE got a submarine contact which was confirmed by destroyer FIREDRAKE, but attacks did not produce any results. Battleships NELSON and RODNEY, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FOXHOUND, FEARLESS, MATABELE, MASHONA, SOMALI also left Scapa Flow as cover.

 

Destroyers FURY and FORESTER departed Newcastle to join Forbes at sea, and 15 miles off the mouth of the Tyne, depth charged a submarine contact. Destroyers ESK and EXPRESS also departed Scapa Flow to join the operation.

 

However, when destroyers JAVELIN and JERSEY collided later on the 22nd, 120 miles WSW of Lister Light in 57‑09N, 03‑08W, the raid was abandoned. JAVELIN could only steam at 10 knots and was escorted by JERVIS and JUPITER to Newcastle. Meanwhile JERSEY headed for Leith at slow speed escorted by MASHONA and ESKIMO, which arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 24th.

 

Destroyers FURY and FORESTER attacked a submarine contact 15 miles off the mouth of the Tyne, while destroyer EXPRESS sighted a floating mine off the port side of battlecruiser HOOD, came up and exploded the mine with gunfire. On the 23rd, when an explosion was felt four miles from HOOD, destroyers FORTUNE, FIREDRAKE, MASHONA, MATABELE were sent to investigate. They carried out attacks in 58‑17N, 01‑30W.

 

By 23 September, all forces involved had returned to their ports of departure. JERSEY repaired at Leith, returning to service on 9 October, and JAVELIN at Newcastle. She left the Tyne on 21 October for further repairs at Hartlepool, but was damaged in another collision en route.

 

British east coast - convoy FS.9 departed Methil and arrived at Southend on the 24th.

 

British submarine L.26 was damaged in collision with Blyth Pier.

 

Destroyer WREN attacked a submarine contact six miles WSW of Owers Light Vessel.

 

Minesweeper HUSSAR and minesweeping trawlers MASTIFF and CEDAR attempted to locate and examine a German mine after steamers MAGDAPUR and CITY OF PARIS were mined off Orfordness.

 

Convoy FN.9 departed Southend and arrived at Methil on the 24th.

 

Norwegian waters - U.7 sank steamer ARKENSIDE (2694grt) 25 miles SW of Bergen in 60‑07N, 04‑37E. Her entire crew was rescued.

 

U.4 captured Finnish steamer MARTTI RAGNAR (2262grt) 50 miles off Arendal, Norway, took her in tow to a point five miles south of Arendal and scuttled her with explosive charges. No crew were lost.

 

Engish Channel - destroyer JAGUAR investigated a crossing-of-a-loop reading off Portland, which indicated a possible submarine in the area.

 

Destroyer JACKAL attacked a submarine contact 4½ miles S by E of Start Point, and was joined by destroyer ECLIPSE.

 

Light cruisers CERES and CARADOC departed Plymouth on escort duties and arrived back the next day.

 

UK-France convoys - DB.6 departed Southampton with two personnel ships, escorted by destroyers VANSITTART and VENOMOUS, and arrived at Brest on the 23rd. 

                                                                             

Bay of Biscay - From the 22nd, French submarines ACHILLES, CASABIANCA, PASTEUR, SFAX of the 2nd Division from Admiral West were stationed in turn near Cape Ortegal to keep watch on German merchant ships in northern Spanish ports. The last patrol ended on 3 November.

 

Mediterranean - Convoy Green 2 (AB.3) departed Gibraltar with 18 ships for Port Said, escorted b destroyers HARDY, HERO, HEREWARD, HASTY, HOSTILE from the 22nd to 27th. The destroyers then proceeded to Malta.Destroyers COSSACK, MAORI, NUBIAN, ZULU provided escort from 27 September to 2 October when it arrived at Port Said.

                                                                             

Mediterranean Fleet - destroyer (and sloop) status on the 22nd was as follows:

 

AFRIDI and GURKHA were at sea with French convoy L.3 proceeding from Marseilles to Beirut. They joined the convoy southeast of Malta on the 23rd after the collisions between large destroyer VAUTOUR and steamer EL D'JEZAIR, and steamers CHENONCEAUX and MARIETTE PACHA. MOHAWK and SIKH were also at sea. AFRIDI and GURKHA arrived at Alexandria on the 26th, and MOHAWK and SIKH on the 28th. COSSACK, MAORI, ZULU, NUBIAN were at Alexandria due to leave on the 24th to take over Green 2 off Malta on the 27th. They arrived at Malta on the 26th and departed next morning.

 

GALLANT had been at Alexandria since the 21st after returning from the Dardanelles. She was to have met steamer EOCENE (4216grt) carrying Polish gold, but the steamer did not arrive. GARLAND was at Alexandria under repair. GRAFTON was at Malta awaiting the arrival of steamer CLAN MENZIES (7336grt). GRENVILLE, GIPSY, GRENADE, GRIFFIN were at sea. They departed Alexandria on the 22nd for Gibraltar to take over Green 3 on the 28th. GREYHOUND and GLOWWORM were with Blue 2, due to arrive at Gibraltar on the 28th.

 

HARDY, HERO, HEREWARD, HOSTILE, and HASTY were escorting Green 2 from Gibraltar, and due to arrive at Malta on the 27th to make good defects prior to leaving the Mediterranean station. They departed Malta on 2 October for Gibraltar.

 

Sloops ABERDEEN and FLEETWOOD were with Blue 2 due to arrive at Gibraltar on the 28th. Sloops GRIMSBY and DEPTFORD were at Alexandria since arriving from the Red Sea on the 19th.

 

Central Atlantic - on the 22nd, French submarines AGOSTA and OUESSANT of the 8th Division, Admiral West left their patrol areas off the Azores for Martinique, arriving on the 29th, to guard the Antilles passages against German blockade runners. On 5 October, submarines BÉVÉZIERS and SIDI FERRUCH of the 8th Division were ordered to join them and arrived on 27 October.

 

On 27 December, the relief of these submarines was ordered. The submarines passed Gibraltar on 16 January. On 22 February 1940, French submarines VENUS, IRIS, CERES, and PALLAS of the 15th Submarine Division from Bizerte arrived in the Caribbean. These submarines departed station on 1 May and arrived back at Toulon on 3 June 1940.

                                                                             

South Atlantic - destroyer HAVOCK departed Montevideo with the first outbound local convoy, consisting of steamers SUSSEX, ROXBY, EL CIERVO, and Falkland Island Company ship LAFONIA (1961grt). They were covered by heavy cruiser EXETER. At dusk, the convoy dispersed and HAVOCK escorted steamer LAFONIA, carrying troops for the defense of the Falkland Islands, to Port Stanley.

 

Indian Ocean - light cruiser LIVERPOOL departed Aden for Bombay, arriving on the 27th.

 

Far East - heavy cruiser DORSETSHIRE departed Hong Kong on escort duties and arrived back on 13 October for docking prior to transferring to the East Indies Station.

 

 

Saturday, 23 September

 

German policy - Adm Raeder ordered U-boats to sink all merchant ships using their radios when stopped.

 

Submarine TRIDENT – completed and departed Liverpool for trials in Gareloch Bay, escorted by escort vessel/minesweeper GLEANER.

 

British northern waters - battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN departed Scapa Flow at 2330, escorted by destroyers ESK and EXPRESS, to refit at Portsmouth. At 1750/24th, the destroyers attacked a submarine contact 25 miles off the north coast of Ireland. The three ships arrived at Portsmouth at 0930/26th.

 

Western Atlantic - convoy HX.2 departed Halifax at 0900 escorted by heavy cruiser YORK and Canadian destroyers ST LAURENT, FRASER, and SAGUENAY. YORK detached on the 25th, and the convoy reached Liverpool on 10 October.

 

British east coast - destroyers FORTUNE and FIREDRAKE attacked U.14, 40 miles NNE of Peterhead, but no damage was done.

 

Skagerrak - U.4 captured Finnish steamer WALMA (1361grt) off Smagen on the west coast of Sweden and scuttled her off Hallo in 58‑15N, 11‑00E. The entire crew was saved.

 

Southern England - Midshipman J C Casey and Midshipman R M B Kettle, flying Harvards of the RAF No 1 Flying Training School at Netheravon, Wiltshire were killed when their aircraft collided NE of the airfield.

 

UK-France convoys - MB.7 of seven cargo ships departed Southampton, escorted by destroyers ACHATES, SARDONYX, and ACHERON, and arrived at Brest on the 25th.

                                                                             

BC.3S of 21 steamers, including BARON GRAHAM, BARON MACLAY, NEW TEXAS (Cdre) departed Quiberon Bay escorted by destroyers WOLVERINE and WESSEX, and arrived safely in the Bristol Channel on the 25th.

 

BC.4F of steamer TYNWALD departed Loire Bay escorted by destroyers ESCORT and ELECTR, also arriving in Bristol Channel on the 25th.

                                                                             

UK-out convoys - OA.9 of 32 ships departed Southend. Destroyers JUNO and AMAZON departed Devonport to escort the convoy and were with it from the 23rd to 26th. The destroyers then detached to convoy HXF.1 before arriving back at Plymouth on the 29th.

 

OB.9 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers VANOC and WHIRLWIND until the 26th.

                                                                             

Caribbean - Australian light cruiser PERTH south of Jamaica received a direction finding bearing NW of her of a German vessel, most probably pocket battleship DEUTSCHLAND.

 

Southwestern approaches - destroyer JACKAL attacked a submarine contact 20 miles SW of Land's End. ECLIPSE attacked the same contact at 1027. Destroyer EXMOUTH (D.12) was ordered to continue the hunt with EXMOUTH, ECLIPSE, ENCOUNTER, ESCAPADE, JACKAL.

 

Indian Ocean - Light cruiser MANCHESTER departed Bombay.

 

 

Sunday, 24 September

 

German policy - Adm Raeder lifted the order protecting French shipping from U-boat attacks.

 

Northern Patrol – light cruiser DELHI departed Scapa Flow on this date with DUNEDIN for Northern Patrol duties, and arrived back on 1 October.

 

Northwestern approaches - German steamer MINDEN (4318grt) which had departed Rio de Janiero on the 6th and was now 330 miles NW of Cape Wrath in 62‑00N, 15‑34W, scuttled herself when intercepted by light cruiser CALYPSO, which had left Scapa Flow on the 22nd. Light cruiser DUNEDIN, which left on the 24th, arrived on the scene alerted by CALYPSO's contact report, but MINDEN had already scuttled. The crew was taken aboard DUNEDIN which arrived at Scapa Flow on the 28th.

 

U.33 sank British trawler CALDEW (287grt) north of the Hebrides in 60‑47N, 06‑20W. The survivors were picked up by Swedish steamer KRONPRINCESSAN MARGARETA (3789grt), but she was stopped by German destroyer FRIEDRICH IHN and torpedo boat ILTIS in the Skagerrak and the 11 British seaman taken off. They spent the war in Stalag XB.

 

 

North Channel - British aircraft attacked a submarine contact two miles NE of Fairhead, NE Ireland. Patrol sloops SHELDRAKE, SHEARWATER, KINGFISHER, WIDGEON departed Belfast on the 24th to join the hunt.

 

Rescue of submarine SPEARFISH, North Sea - SPEARFISH (LT J H Eaden) on patrol off Horns Reef was badly damaged by German anti-submarine forces and unable to submerge. Creeping along the neutral Danish coast, she was able to radio for help at 0510/25th.

 

Light cruisers SOUTHAMPTON and GLASGOW of the Humber Force departed Rosyth at 0723 and joined destroyers JERVIS and JUPITER off May Island at 0910. They were to operate off the Norwegian coast at 60N with destroyers SOMALI, MATABELE, MASHONA, and ESKIMO, already off the Norwegian coast in order to cover SPEARFISH’s return.

 

Destroyers FORESIGHT and FAME with one other destroyer were on Fair Isle Patrol. Light cruisers AURORA and SHEFFIELD, also at sea, proceeded well into the approaches of the Skagerrak and met the SPEARFISH to provide cover.

 

The rescue force was supported by battlecruisers RENOWN and HOOD, cruisers NORFOLK, NEWCASTLE, EDINBURGH, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FOXHOUND, FORESTER, FEARLESS, FORTUNE, FIREDRAKE which departed Scapa Flow on the 25th.

 

Battleships NELSON and RODNEY, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, and destroyers BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, TARTAR, FURY departed Scapa Flow on the 25th to cover the Humber Force returning with SPEARFISH. FAME and FORESIGHT which had been at sea since 24 September joined the NELSON force at sea. MASHONA and MATABELE also later joined at sea. FORESIGHT attacked a submarine contact north of the Orkneys.

 

Only destroyer ASHANTI which was having turbine repairs was absent from the operation.

 

At 1724, MATABELE was detached to investigate Danish steamer OVE TOFT (2135grt) and did not rejoin the Fleet until after dark. At 1925, SOMALI and ESKIMO were detached to join SPEARFISH, reaching her in 57‑04N, 06‑40E at 0100/26th and escorting her towards Rosyth screened by the Humber Force.

 

In German air attacks on the British forces, the screening GLASGOW was able to drive off an attack on SPEARFISH. ARK ROYAL was near missed and HOOD was struck by a glancing bomb that did not explode. LT B S. McEwen, flying a Skua of ARK ROYAL’s 803 Squadron, shot down a Do.18 aircraft whose aircrew was picked up by SOMALI. Finally SHEFFIELD was bombed, but sustained no damage.

 

The Humber Force, SPEARFISH and destroyers ESKIMO and MATABELE, covered by AURORA, SHEFFIELD, SOMALI and BEDOUIN, arrived safely at Rosyth late on the 26th. SPEARFISH docked at Newcastle for repairs lasting until 4 March 1940.

 

Home Fleet and Humber Force - After refuelling, Humber Force and the Home Fleet units sailed again on patrol on the 27th. Heavy cruiser NORFOLK was detached for Northern Patrol.

 

At 2103/26th, destroyer FORTUNE attacked a submarine contact 45 miles ESE of Duncansby Head.

 

Home Fleet destroyers FAME, PUNJABI, FORESIGHT, FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FORESTER, MASHONA, FURY, detached from the Main Force, arrived at Scapa for refuelling on the 27th.

 

Shortly before arriving at Scapa Flow and after a submarine attack on battlecruiser HOOD was reported, destroyers FOXHOUND, FIREDRAKE, ESKIMO, TARTAR, BEDOUIN detached to search for the submarine. FIREDRAKE, in company with PUNJABI and FORTUNE had been hunting since midnight for a submarine reported by FAA aircraft at 1812/26th. Then at 0255/27th, 20 miles east of Scapa, FORTUNE attacked a contact

 

The Main Fleet arrived at Scapa later that day. FORTUNE immediately started boiler cleaning which was completed on the 29th.

 

After a submarine was reported by aircraft 55 miles ENE of Rattray Head, FURY, FORESTER, FORESIGHT, ASHANTI left Scapa Flow to search.

 

Destroyers TARTAR and BEDOUIN arrived early on the 28th. Later that day, TARTAR, BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, SOMALI, MASHONA, MATABELE, FEARLESS, FORTUNE, FAME, FORESIGHT departed Scapa Flow on an anti-submarine sweep. All arrived back on the 30th.

 

British east coast - convoy FS.10 departed Methil, and arrived at Southend on the 26th.

 

Destroyers JUPITER and WHITLEY attacked a submarine contact six miles north of St Abbs Head. WHITLEY, which was escorting an east coast convoy, again attacked a submarine contacts 45 miles NE of Blyth and then five miles SE of the Farne Islands.

 

French merchant ship PHRYNE (2660grt) was sunk 3½ miles east of Aldeburgh Light Vessel on a mine laid by U.13 on the 4th. Survivors were rescued by destroyers BRAZEN and BOREAS and reached the Tyne that evening.

 

Convoy FN.10 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 26th.

 

Norwegian waters - U.34 took in prize Estonian steamer HANONIA (2534grt) off the Norwegian coast. She was taken to Hamburg, later commissioned as Schiff 11 by the German Navy and used in minelaying off the English coast.

 

U.4 sank Swedish steamer GERTRUD BRATT (1510grt) ten miles off Jomfruland, SE Norway off Lillesand in 58‑40N, 09‑52E.

 

UK-France convoys - BC.5F of steamer BEN MY CHREE departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyer ESCORT and ELECTRA, and arrived in the Loire on the 25th. The convoy was also escorted by French large destroyers MOGADOR and VOLTA from 0600 to 2000 on the 25th.

 

BC.5 of 12 steamers, including BEAVERDALE (Cdre), CITY OF DERBY, DELIUS, LOWICK, TREHATA, VOLO departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyers VIVACIOUS, VISCOUNT, VENETIA, VANESSA, arriving in the Loire on the 26th.

 

DB.7 departed Southampton of two personnel ships, escorted by destroyers VANSITTART and VENOMOUS, and arrived at Brest on the 25th.

 

Southwestern approaches - U.31 sank steamer HAZELSIDE (4646grt) 10 miles SE of Fastnet in 51‑17N, 09‑22W. Twelve crewmen were lost and 22 injured and rescued. Destroyers VIMY and VERSATILE were sent to search for the submarine, and at 1352/25th, a Sunderland flying boat dropped seven bombs on U.31, ten miles SE of Fastnet. Three were reported as direct hits, but no damage was done.

                                                                             

South Atlantic - Light cruiser AJAX sailed north from the Falklands to Rio de Janiero to relieve heavy cruiser CUMBERLAND which was heading towards Ascension Island on a sweep for German supply ships.

 

                                                                             

Monday, 25 September

 

Western Atlantic - convoy HXF.2 departed Halifax at 0700 escorted by Canadian destroyers SAGUENAY and FRASER, before they detached on the 26th. The convoy reached Liverpool on 4 October, but there were no HXF.3, HXF.4, or HXF.5.

 

Northern Patrol - Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA was temporarily attached to the 7th Cruiser Squadron, operating on Northern Patrol.

 

British northern waters - light cruisers DIOMEDE and DRAGON arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

Irish Sea - patrol sloop KINGFISHER attacked a submarine contact 10 miles NE of St John's Point, Ireland.

 

British east coast - destroyers BRAZEN and BOREAS attacked a submarine contact 10 miles east of Sunderland.

 

Sloop BITTERN attacked a submarine contact off Flamborough Head.

 

Sloop ENCHANTRESS attacked a submarine contact 20 miles SE of the Humber.

                                                                             

Norwegian waters - U.36 sank Swedish merchant ship SILESIA (1839grt) 45 miles WNW of Egersund.

 

Baltic - Polish submarine ZBIK arrived at Sandhamn, Sweden, for internment.

 

Anti-submarine minefields, Dover Straits - the British started laying a deep minefield between Folkestone and Cap Griz Nez to close the Straits to German submarine traffic. Minelayers ADVENTURE, PLOVER and auxiliary minelayers SHEPPERTON, HAMPTON laid 3636 mines and completed the field on 23 October.

 

Only U.31 was able to pass successfully through the Dover Strait during the war, on the 11th/12th September. U.35 attempted to pass through at approximately the same time, but was forced to abandon the attempt and instead proceeded to her patrol area by the north-about route.

 

U.12 was lost in the field on 8 October, U.40 on the 13th, and U.16 badly damaged and ultimately lost on the 24th.

                                                                             

English Channel - after working up at Portland, destroyer JAGUAR sailed and arrived at Grimsby on the 26th. She left there on the 28th and arrived at Rosyth the same day to join Humber Force.

 

Light cruiser CARADOC began repairing defects at Devonport, which were completed on 6 October.

                                                                             

UK-out convoys - OA.10 departed Southend with 42 ships, escorted by destroyers ACASTA and ARDENT from the 23rd to 28th, when the convoy dispersed.

 

OB.10 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers WINCHELSEA and WALPOLE until the 28th.

 

Central and South Atlantic - convoy SLF.2 departed Freetown without an escort on the 25th and arrived at Southend on 6 October.

                                                                             

Destroyers HYPERION and HUNTER of the 4th Division sailed from Freetown on the 25th to an area SW of Ascension Island to intercept suspected German raiders. On the 28th, they joined heavy cruiser CUMBERLAND, which departed Rio de Janiero on the 25th, and light cruiser NEPTUNE from Freetown on the 26th, but no enemy shipping was found. CUMBERLAND and NEPTUNE headed for Freetown and arrived on 2 October. Following refuelling, CUMBERLAND departed on the 3rd to return to South America Station, arriving on the 9th.    

 

New Zealand waters - New Zealand light cruiser LEANDER departed Auckland and headed into the seas south of New Zealand for Auckland and Campbell Islands. She reached the area on the 28th and after carrying out an inspection, sailed for Wellington, arriving on 1 October. A second inspection of the area was conducted in November 1939.

 

                                                                             

Tuesday, 26 September

 

British northern waters - German submarines were deployed off the Orkneys to intercept British naval units - U.10 from 26 September to 15 October, U.22 from 28 September to 16 October, U.23 from 2nd to 16th October, U.20 from the 1st to 17th, and U.18 from the 3rd to 16th. On 29 September, U.22 fired at a submarine east of Dogger Head, but the attack failed due to torpedo defect.

 

British east coast - convoy FS.11 departed Methil, and arrived at Southend on the 28th.

 

Convoy FN.11 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 28th.

 

Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO departed Dover and arrived at Grimsby later the same day.

                                                                             

Kattegat/Skagerrak/Baltic – German destroyers HANS LODY, FRIEDRICH IHN, ERICH STEINBRINCK and four torpedo boats of the 6th Torpedo Boat Flotilla inspected 45 merchant ships in the Kattegat from the 26th to 28th.

 

Destroyers WILHELM HEIDKAMP, BERND VON ARNIM, ERICH GIESE, DIETHER VON ROEDER, HANS LÜDEMANN, HERMANN KÜNNE, KARL GALSTER stopped 58 merchant ships in the Skagerrak from the 28th to 30th. Nine were sent to Kiel as prizes and ARNIM captured two Danish steamers with cargo bound for England. On the 30th, ROEDER, LÜDEMANN, KÜNNE, GALSTER proceeded to Swinemünde and HEIDKAMP, ARNIM, GIESE to Kiel.

 

Beginning on the 30th and continuing through 6 October, German destroyers and torpedo boats stopped and inspected 72 merchant ships for contraband in the Skagerrak and Kattegat. They seized Swedish steamer ASPEN (1304grt) on the 30th, and Finnish steamer ORIENT (4160grt) and Latvian steamer IMANTA (1233grt) on 1 October for contraband violations. German destroyers MAX SCHULTZ, BRUNO HEINEMANN, and PAUL JACOBI were detached from exercises in the Baltic to escort the prizes into port

 

German waters - U.30 arrived at Wilhelmshaven escorted by minesweeper M.7. U.29 also arrived on the 26th.

 

UK-France convoys - BC.4 departed Quiberon Bay and arrived in Bristol Channel on the 28th.

 

BC.5F of steamer BEN MY CHREE departed Quiberon Bay with destroyers ECLIPSE, ENCOUNTER, ESCAPADE, EXMOUTH and arrived safely in the Bristol Channel on the 27th.

 

Gibraltar-UK (HG) convoys - The first of the series, HG.1, departed Gibraltar with 27 ships and local escort provided by destroyers GRENVILLE, GIPSY, GRIFFIN, GRENADE. Polish destroyer BLYSKAWICA joined the escort from the 26th to 28th and light cruiser COLOMBO from the 26th to 5 October.

 

After leaving convoy OG.1, destroyers IMOGEN and ILEX were escorts from 3 October until the 4th, and ISIS and IMPERIAL, from the 3rd to 5th. Destroyers INTREPID and ECHO joined on the 5th until the 6th when the convoy and tankers ABBEYDALE and SERBOL arrived at Liverpool.

 

COLOMBO and IMPERIAL arrived at Devonport on the 5th and ECHO on the 6th.

                                                                             

Convoy HGF.1 departed Gibraltar with steamers SCYTHIA (19,761grt), ORFORD (20,043grt), MEMNON (7506grt), and ORCADES (23,456grt) and no escort. They arrived at Liverpool on 1 October.

 

Mediterranean - Sloop FOWEY arrived at Alexandria from the East Indies.

                                                                             

Caribbean/ Atlantic - convoy KJ.2 departed Kingston escorted by light cruiser ORION from the 26th to 29th and French submarine SURCOUF from the 26th to 17 October. Destroyers MALCOLM, VANOC, WARWICK, VANESSA joined the escort on the 15th. VANOC, WARWICK, VANESSA detached on the 17th, and MALCOLM on the 18th, when the convoy arrived.

                                                                             

 

Wednesday, 27 September

 

British northern waters - destroyers FURY and FORESTER on Fair Isle Channel Patrol were informed of a possible submarine in the south side of Fair Isle Channel.

 

Destroyer FOXHOUND screened the attempted salvage of Norwegian steamer SARDINIA (1975grt) which had run aground off the Burness Peninsula, north of Kirkwall, Orkneys.

 

U.10 on patrol in the North Sea was ordered to carry out a reconnaissance of the Orkneys area.

 

British east coast - destroyer VALOROUS and sloop HASTINGS were attacked by German bombers in the Firth of Forth, but neither were damaged.

 

Light cruiser GLASGOW and destroyer JERVIS departed Rosyth to investigate an enemy vessel report 220 miles ENE of Rosyth. They arrived back that evening without contact.

 

German waters - U.36 sank Swedish steamer ALGERIA (1617grt) at 58.27N, 04.08W.

 

English Channel - aircraft carrier HERMES was taken in hand at Devonport for repairs prior to transfer overseas.

                                                                             

UK-France convoys - convoy BC.6 of steamers ADJUTANT, BAHARISTAN, BARON MINTO, BELLEROPHON (Cdre), BIELA, CAIRNGORM, CUSTODIAN, DALEMOOR, DIPLOMAT, ENA DE LARRINGA, GOLDFINCH, HARMATTAN, JACINTH, SANDHILL, TRELAWNY, and TREVERBYN departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyers EXMOUTH, ESCAPADE, ENCOUNTER, ECLIPSE, and WESSEX. The convoy arrived in the Loire on the 29th. Escort was also provided by French large destroyers INDOMPTABLE, TRIOMPHANT, MALIN on the 28th.

 

DB.8 of two personnel ships, escorted by destroyers VANSITTART and VENOMOUS, departed Southampton, and arrived at Brest on the 28th.

                                                                          

Convoy MB.7 departed Southampton with seven cargo ships, escorted by destroyers ARROW and INTREPID and also arrived at Brest on the 28th.

 

UK-out convoys - OA.11 of 11 ships departed Southend. Destroyers KEMPENFELT and ECHO departed Devonport to provide escort OA.11, with ECHO arriving back on 2 October.

 

OB.11 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers MACKAY and VIMY until the 30th.

 

Gibraltar area - British cableship RETRIEVER, escorted by destroyer VELOX departed Gibraltar to carry out repairs at 36-58N, 08-26W and 36-06N, 07-30W.

 

Mediterranean - destroyers COSSACK, MAORI, ZULU, NUBIAN departed Malta for escort duties with convoy Green 2.

 

Polish gold, Mediterranean - The gold being carried from Poland to prevent it falling into German hands had arrived at Beirut. French light cruiser ÉMILE BERTIN and destroyers VAUBAN and ÉPERVIER departed Toulon and at Beirut, BERTIN embarked 57 tons of gold and the destroyers 18 tons. The ships left on the 24th, and arrived at Toulon on this date, the 27th. The gold was sent on to Paris, arriving 24 October.

 

Indian Ocean - heavy cruiser CORNWALL arrived at Colombo, then departed on the 28th, arriving Calcutta on 1 October.

 

Light cruiser LIVERPOOL arrived at Bombay.

                                                                             

 

Thursday, 28 September

 

Northern Patrol - light cruisers CARDIFF and DRAGON departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol duties, and arrived back 5 October.

 

British northern waters - U.18 and U.22 were ordered into the approaches to Scapa Flow.

 

British east coast - after a submarine was reported by British aircraft, destroyers FURY, FORESTER, FORESIGHT, ASHANTI searched 55 miles ENE of Rattray Head.

 

Convoy FS.12 departed Methil and arrived at Southend on the 30th. There was no FS.13.

 

Light cruiser SOUTHAMPTON and destroyers JERVIS and JUPITER attacked a submarine contact outside May Island.

                                                                          

Convoy FN.12 departed Southend and arrived at Methil on the 30th. There was no FN.13.

 

Norwegian waters - U.32 sank Norwegian steamer JERN (875grt) 65 miles west of Skudesnes in 58-30N, 2-50E. No crew were lost and her 14 survivors rescued by the Swedish CALEDONIA.

 

U.16 sank Swedish steamer NYLAND (3378grt) off Kvitsoey, 45 miles SW of Stavanger. Her survivors were rescued by Norwegian minelayer OLAV TRYGGVASON.

 

U.7 sank Norwegian steamer SOLAAS (1368grt) 25 miles SW of Lister Light. (DB - The German "Seekrieg" states that SOLASS was sunk next day on the 29th by Luftwaffe I/ZG26 in the North Sea. Editor: According to "Axis Submaríne Successes" by Rohwer, U.36 stopped SOLASS on the 28th, released her, but she sank next day, possibly mined)

 

English Channel - destroyer KEMPENFELT, escorting convoy OA.11, collided with steamer HESTER (1199grt) off Newhaven. She was taken to Devonport for repairs which completed 7 November.

 

Destroyer IMPULSIVE on patrol in the English Channel was damaged by heavy seas, and taken to Devonport for repairs completed 23 October.

 

UK-France convoys - BC.6F of steamers FENELLA, ST JULIEN, TYNWALD, ULSTER PRINCE departed Barry Roads escorted by destroyers KEITH and MONTROSE and arrived safely at Quiberon Bay on the 29th.

 

Mediterranean - destroyers GRENVILLE, GRENADE, GIPSY, GRIFFIN departed Gibraltar on escort duties with convoy Green 3, consisting of 15 ships. Destroyers GREYHOUND and GLOWWORM were also at Gibraltar on this date, but not employed. The four escorting destroyers were relieved on 3 October by destroyers GRAFTON, GALLANT and sloop DEPTFORD which continued with the convoy to Alexandria, arriving on the 7th.

                                                                             

Central and South Atlantic - French submarine PONCELET sighted German merchant ship CHEMNITZ (5522grt) at 0830, shortly after she departed Las Palmas, Canary Islands to return to Germany. She was stopped in 38-05N, 30-40W at 1305 and escorted to Casablanca, arriving 3 October. CHEMNITZ was renamed SAINT BERTRAND in French service and served in the French Merchant Marine until the fall of France when she returned to German hands. Between the 25th and 1 October, light cruiser DUGUAY TROUIN had been searching for CHEMNITZ as well as steamer AMASIS, both of which had been reported departing Las Palmas early on the 24th

 

Convoy SL.3 departed Freetown on the 28th September, escorted by light cruiser DAUNTLESS, both arriving at Gibraltar on 9 October. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the15th.

                                                                          

Destroyers of the 4th Destroyer Division were ordered home from the South Atlantic. However, the order was cancelled on 1 October because of German raider activity in the South Atlantic.

 

Light cruiser DANAE departed Simonstown on escort duties and arrived back on 2 October.

 

Indian Ocean - light cruiser BIRMINGHAM arrived at Singapore.

 

Pacific - New Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES arrived at Buenaventura, Colombia and departed on the 30th, escorting steamer ORDUNA (15,507grt) to Callao, where they both arrived safely on 4 October.

 

                                                                             

Friday, 29 September

 

Western Atlantic - heavy cruiser YORK arrived at Halifax after convoy HX.2 escort duty.

 

British east coast - anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA departed Scapa Flow on escort duty and arrived at Grimsby at 2337/29th.

 

Training ship CALEDONIA (ex-White Star liner MAJESTIC, 56,551grt) was gutted by fire and sank at Rosyth. There were no casualties. The hulk was broken up in situ beginning in October 1942.

 

Destroyers JERVIS, JUPITER, JAGUAR attacked a submarine contact at 1158 in the Firth of Forth, three miles at 345° from Fidra. At 1544, JUPITER and JERVIS attacked a contact five miles 55°from Inchkeith Light. This search continued on the 30th.

 

Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO departed Grimsby on escort duties and arrived back on 2 October.

 

Norwegian waters - U.7 torpedoed Norwegian steamer TAKSTAAS (1830grt) in 60‑15N, 04‑41E, 16 miles off Bergen and a Norwegian torpedo boat rescued the crew. The abandoned TAKSTAAS remained afloat, taken in tow by Norwegian salvage tug HERKULES (124grt), but broke in half. The aft part half was taken into port and later scrapped.

 

UK-France convoys - BC.5 of 15 steamers, including BEAVERDALE (Cdre), BULLFINCH, CITY OF DERBY, DELIUS, LOWICK, TREHATA, TREWORLAS, VOLO departed the Loire escorted by destroyers EXMOUTH, ECHO, ESCAPADE, ENCOUNTER, and ECLIPSE. The convoy arrived safely in Bristol Channel on 1 October.

 

Convoy DB.9 departed Southampton with two personnel ships, escorted by destroyers VANSITTART and VENOMOUS and arrived at Brest on the 30th.

 

Convoy MB.9 departed Southampton with six cargo ships, escorted by destroyers ACHERON and ACHATES, also arriving at Brest on the 30th.

                                                                             

UK-out convoys - OA.12G departed Southend with 21 ships, escorted by destroyers IMPERIAL and ISIS to 3 October and light cruiser CERES to the 8th. OB.12G departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers ILEX and IMOGEN to 2 October, when both convoys became OG 1.

                                                                             

SO.19 departed Portsmouth, from Spithead, with steamers ALCANTARA (22,209grt), ATHLONE CASTLE (25,564grt), EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA (21,833grt), FRANCONIA (20,175grt), escorted by destroyers INGLEFIELD and IVANHOE. The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on 3 October without the escorts, which had been separated by heavy weather, and arrived separately the same day. The convoy headed into the Mediteranean as Convoy Red 2.

 

Indian Ocean - Light cruiser LIVERPOOL departed Bombay and arrived at Colombo on 3 October.

 

Aircraft carrier EAGLE departed Colombo on raider hunting duties.

 

 

Saturday, 30 September

 

German policy - prize regulations were lifted for German U-boats operating in the North Sea.

 

Western Atlantic - convoy HX.3 departed Halifax at 0800 escorted by Canadian destroyers FRASER and ST LAURENT, and was joined at sea by four unescorted steamers which had departed Halifax as HX.3S on the 29th. Heavy cruiser BERWICK patrolled five miles ahead of the convoy. The destroyers were detached on 1 October and BERWICK on the 2nd. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 14th October.

 

 Steamer HARTBRIDGE (5080grt) was lost after grounding on Seal Island near Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.

 

Northern Patrol - light cruisers DIOMEDE and DUNEDIN departed Scapa Flow for Northern Patrol duties, with DUNEDIN arriving back on 7 October.

 

British east coast - submarine THISTLE departed Scapa Flow for patrol in the North Sea and still on the 30th, unsuccessfully attacked a German submarine.

 

Submarine H.34, on patrol with minesweeping trawler EURYALUS (242grt), fired torpedoes at U.3 at 0220, 15 miles north of Kinnaird Head, but all missed.

 

Destroyer JERVIS was damaged by destroyer JUPITER berthing alongside at Rosyth. JERVIS was repaired in three days at Rosyth.

 

Convoy FS.14 departed Methil, and arrived at Southend on 2 October.

 

Destroyer ESKIMO arrived in the Tyne for repairs at North Shields. These were completed on 6 October, ESKIMO left on the 7th and arrived at Scapa Flow the same day.

 

Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA, now assigned to the Humber Force, departed Grimsby on escort duties, arriving back on 1 October.

 

Convoy FN.14 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on 2 October.

 

Danish waters - U.3 sank Danish steamer VENDIA (1150grt) 35 miles NW of Hanstolm, Denmark, and Danish steamer GUN (1198grt) 30 miles NW of Hanstolm. VENDIA lost 11 crew, while U.3 picked up six survivors and Danish steamer SVAVA (1193grt) rescued the rest. The crew of GUN was picked up by Danish steamer DAGMAR (844grt).

 

German waters - destroyers PAUL JACOBI and BRUNO HEINEMANN, which had recently completed refitting and repairs at Wilhelmshaven, were attacked by British bombers in the German Bight, but neither was damaged. Destroyers of the 1st Flotilla in the Jade prepared to sail in support, but the attack ended before they sailed.

 

Dutch waters - Dutch minesweeper JAN VAN GELDER was badly damaged by a mine off Terschelling, with three of her crew seriously injured.

                                                                             

English Channel - light cruiser CERES departed Plymouth on escort duties and arrived back later the same day.

 

Destroyer MONTROSE attacked a submarine contact 31 miles south of Plymouth, and was joined in the seach by destroyers ACHATES, ACHERON, ARROW, INTREPID, KINGSTON.

                                                                             

UK-France convoys - BC.7S of 17 steamers, including BARON MACLAY and NEW TEXAS (Cdre) departed Bristol Channel, escorted by destroyers VIVACIOUS, VISCOUNT, ESCORT, ELECTRA and arrived in the Loire on 2 October.

 

BC.7F of steamers BEN MY CHREE, LADY OF MANN, ST PATRICK departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyers WAKEFUL and VENETIA. The convoy arrived in the Loire on 1 October and was also escorted on that day by French large destroyers LE FANTASQUE, LE TERRIBLE, and L’AUDACIEUX.

                                                                             

Caribbean - convoy KJ.(B)1 departed Kingston, unescorted most of the way, but was joined by destroyer WINCHELSEA from 12 to 14 October, when the convoy arrived in England. There was one other KJ.(B) convoy, KJ.(B)2 which departed Kingston on 8 October and arrived on the 22nd, also unescorted at the start. Both convoys consisted of three banana boats each.

 

Australian light cruiser PERTH departed Kingston on patrol duties.

                                                                             

Mediterranean - Convoy Blue 3 departed Port Said with 24 ships. Destroyers DUCHESS, DEFENDER and sloops GRIMSBY and FOWEY provided escort from the 30th to 5 October, when off Malta DUCHESS and DEFENDER were relieved by destroyers GRENADE and GRIFFIN. GRENADE and GRIFFIN detached off Algiers on the 8th to return to Malta and the convoy continued without escort from Algiers to Gibraltar.

 

Destroyers DUNCAN, DAINTY, DARING, after calling at Colombo on the 17th‑19th and Aden on the 26th‑27th September, reached Suez to join the Mediterranean Fleet.

 

South Atlantic - German pocket battleship ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE sank steamer CLEMENT (5051grt) off Pernambuco IN 09‑05S, 34‑05W. The crew was put into boats until GRAF SPEE stopped Greek steamer PAPALEMOS (3748grt) and put on board CLEMENT’s Master and Chief Engineer. They were put ashore at Cape Verde Island on 9 October. One boat with 13 crew was picked up by Brazilian steamer ITATINGA (2114grt) on 1 October and taken to Bahia, arriving on the 3rd. The other three boats with the rest of the crew reached Maceio on the 4th.

                                                                             

 

September, miscellaneous

 

 British destroyers - with the outbreak of the war, and as destroyers of the 21st Flotilla relieved them, remaining ships of the 2nd Flotilla in the Mediterranean were ordered to Freetown.

 

At the end of September, the following destroyers were under repair (excluded from this and subsequent end-of-month lists are destroyers in dockyard control for conversion or long repairs) - AMAZON at Plymouth with defects, BLANCHE at Chatham repairing, BOADICEA at Chatham repairing, BRILLIANT at Chatham repairing, DIAMOND at Singapore repairing, ESKIMO at Newcastle with defects, GARLAND at Alexandria repairing, GRAFTON at Malta repairing, GROM at Plymouth with defects, ICARUS at Malta repairing, IMPULSIVE at Plymouth with defects, JAVELIN at Newcastle repairing, JERSEY at Leith repairing, JERVIS at Rosyth repairing, JUNO at Devonport with defects, KEMPENFELT at Plymouth with defects, PUNJABI at Scapa Flow boiler-cleaning, VANQUISHER at Plymouth repairing, VETERAN at Chatham repairing, WALKER at Plymouth repairing, WALLACE at Hull repairing, WINDSOR at Portsmouth repairing, Polish BURZA at Plymouth with defects.

 

German supply ships - merchant ships CHARLOTTE SCHLIEMANN (7747grt) and CORRIENTES (4565grt) at Las Palmas at the outbreak of the war were assigned to replenish U-boats for operations off Gibraltar.

 

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revised 7/4/12
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