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British and Other Navies in World War 2 Day-by-Day
by Don Kindell

NAVAL EVENTS, FEBRUARY 1940 (Part 2 of 2)
Thursday 15th - Thursday 29th

Partly edited by Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net

HMS Valorous, destroyer (Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

on to Naval Events, MARCH 1940

 

Note: all vessels and aircraft are British or Dominion unless otherwise identified - click for abbreviations

Corrections with thanks to Donald Bertke

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

 


Background Events - September 1939-March 1940

Battle of Atlantic starts, 'Phoney War' on land, Battle of River Plate


  

 

1940

 

 

Thursday, 15 February

 

Light cruiser MANCHESTER departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol.

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Armed merchant cruiser CARINTHIA arrived in the Clyde from Northern Patrol.

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Submarine TETRARCH and tender CUTTY SARK arrived in the Clyde.

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Submarine SWORDFISH and destroyer IMPERIAL departed Rosyth for Scapa Flow. From there IMPERIAL was to join the west coast section of convoy HN.12, but on the 16th, the order was cancelled and she was ordered to the Norwegian coast.

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Submarine TRIBUNE was exercising in the Firth of Forth.

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Submarine SEAWOLF departed Sheerness with convoy OA.92 for Portsmouth.

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Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO departed Scapa Flow for Sullom Voe.

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Destroyer TARTAR departed Scapa Flow to relieve armed merchant cruiser FORFAR in 64-22N, 12-05W.

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Destroyer MOHAWK arrived in the Clyde escorting tanker MONTENOL (2646grt).

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Destroyers ESCAPADE, ECHO and ECLIPSE arrived at Rosyth, and ELECTRA separately from Dover.

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Destroyer JERVIS arrived at Rosyth from the Humber.

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Motor torpedo boats MTB.22, MTB.24 and MTB.25 carried out a night patrol off Farne Island.

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Convoy OA.92 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers BROKE from the 15th to 16th, and VANESSA from 16th to 18th when the convoy dispersed. Submarine SEAWOLF joined the convoy for passage to Portsmouth.

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Convoy OB.92 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers VANOC and WINCHELSEA from the 15th to 18th, when VANOC joined HX.19.

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Convoy OA.90G sailed from Southend on the 12th escorted by destroyers VISCOUNT and VANQUISHER, and OB.90G from Liverpool with 45 ships, also on the 12th, escorted by sloops DEPTFORD and SCARBOROUGH. They merged on the 15th as OG.18, escorted by French destroyer PANTHRE and auxiliary patrol ship MERCEDITA from then until the 21st, and arrived at Gibraltar on the 22nd, escorted by destroyer VELOX of the local escort. Destroyer ACTIVE, also of the local escort, arrived the next day with steamer MACLAREN (2330grt), which had broken down on the 22nd.

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Convoy FN.95 departed Southend escorted by sloops FLEETWOOD, BITTERN and HASTINGS, and joined by destroyer JANUS on the 16th. The convoy arrived in the Tyne on the 17th.

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Convoy FS.97 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and sloop PELICAN, and with submarine STERLET joining from Blyth for the passage south. The convoy arrived at Southend on the 17th.

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Convoy MT.11 departed Methil, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN, sloop PELICAN, and anti-submarine trawlers of the 19th Anti-Submarine Group, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.

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Convoy MT.12 departed Methil, escorted by sloops FLAMINGO, WESTON and anti-submarine trawlers of the 3rd Anti-Submarine Group, and arrived in the Tyne the next day. Convoy MT.13 was cancelled.

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Destroyer VENETIA, escorting the Liverpool section of a homebound convoy, attacked a submarine contact east of Fastnet in 50‑59N, 8‑38W.

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Destroyer DARING attacked a contact NNE of Kinnaird Head in 58‑10N, 1‑45W. Destroyers KIPLING and IMPERIAL were also hunting in the area, and the search continued on the 16th.

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Anti-submarine trawlers NORTHERN SPRAY (SO), NORTHERN DAWN, NORTHERN GEM, NORTHERN WAVE and NORTHERN PRIDE of the 12th Anti-Submarine Striking Force were on patrol north of the Shetland Islands in 61-27N, 1-09W, when NORTHERN DAWN attacked a submarine contact.

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Mine destructor ship BORDE was damaged by a mine off the Kent coast near the Downs, and repaired at Chatham from 25 February to April.

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U.14 sank Danish steamers RHONE (1064grt) with the loss of nine crew and SLEIPNER (1066grt) in 58‑18N, 01‑48W. Destroyer KIPLING rescued twelve men and Swedish fishing boat STANDARD thirty nine from the two ships - the survivors from RHONE and all the crew of SLEIPNER. On the 19th, ECLIPSE found a raft from RHONE in 58-40N, 1-05W with two dead.

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U.26 sank Norwegian steamer STEINSTAD (2476grt) west of Ireland, 50 miles off Clare coast, with the loss of thirteen crew.

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U.37 sank Danish steamer AASE (1206grt) in 49‑17N, 08‑15W. Fifteen crew were lost and the only survivor was rescued by destroyer VERITY on the 17th.

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U.48 sank Dutch tanker DEN HAAG (8971grt) in 48‑02N, 08‑26W. The 13 survivors were rescued by steamer GLEN ORCHY.

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U.50 sank Danish steamer MARYLAND (4895grt), which left Madeira on the 7th for Copenhagen, in 57‑09N, 12‑00W. There were no survivors.

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The Northern Patrol sighted 61 eastbound ships between the 15th and 29th and sent 24 into Kirkwall for inspection.

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German supply ship ALTMARK (10,847grt), received a perfunctory contraband check at Bergen, and put to sea for her return to Germany escorted by Norwegian torpedo boats SKARV and KJELL.

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Heavy cruiser EXETER (above - Navy Photos/Paul Simpson & Ian Mort) finally arrived at Plymouth, screened by aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, battlecruiser RENOWN and light cruiser GALATEA, but without destroyer HERO. In the South Western Approaches, she had been joined by her close destroyer escort, starting with HASTY on the 13th, ACASTA and WHITSHED earlier on the 14th, and ARDENT, HEARTY, WOLVERINE and WREN later in the day. ARK ROYAL also reached Plymouth on the 15th escorted by destroyers KEITH, WAKEFUL, VETERAN and ANTELOPE, and EXETER repaired at Devonport until 10 March 1941.

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Minesweeper FERMOY arrived at Gibraltar from Malta to replace minesweeper GOSSAMER, which had returned to England with convoy HG.18F.

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French armed merchant cruiser KOUTOBIA, large destroyer CASSARD and torpedo boat BAYONNAISE passed Gibraltar eastbound KOUTOBIA sailing from Casablanca for Marseille for repairs, where she arrived on the 17th, CASSARD from Dakar for Toulon after duty in the South Atlantic, also arriving on the 17th, and BAYONNAISE from Casablanca, arriving at Oran on the 16th.

 

 

Friday, 16 February

 

RESCUE OF BRITISH SEAMEN FROM GERMAN TANKER ALTMARK

 

Just after midnight, Admiral Forbes ordered the ships of Operation DT, which began late on the 14th, to intercept German supply ship ALTMARK. The British force split up to search the Leads and offshore islands south of Bergen. Light cruiser ARETHUSA sighted ALTMARK a short time later off Egero Light and destroyers IVANHOE and INTREPID were dispatched to stop her. However, the Norwegian escorts intervened and ALTMARK was able to enter Jossing Fjord. At that time, Norwegian naval units in the Fjord and nearby were torpedo boats KJELL, SKARV, TEIST and armed auxiliaries FIRERN and HVAL IV. Destroyer COSSACK followed ALTMARK in and after unsuccessful talks with the Norwegian escort commander, a boarding party of three officers and thirty ratings (under the command of Lt Cdr B. T Turner) boarded ALTMARK from COSSACK. ALTMARK ran aground, four German sailors were killed and five wounded, but 299 British prisoners from ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE's sinkings were released. Gunner J J F Smith in the boarding party from light cruiser AURORA was wounded. While alongside ALTMARK, COSSACK's bow and side plates were damaged and port propeller cracked. When IVANHOE approached German merchant ship BALDUR (5805grt) off Jossing Fjord near Lister Light, she was scuttled.

 

Still on the 16th, submarines SEAL, TRIAD, ORZEL were ordered into the area and joined SALMON and SEALION which were already there. SEAL sighted the sinking BALDUR and the DT operation ships, but the other submarines sighted nothing at all.

 

Battleship WARSPITE, battlecruiser HOOD, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FOXHOUND, FURY, FAME, FORESIGHT, FORTUNE and FIREDRAKE of the Home Fleet were at sea near Pentland Firth covering the operation. And after leaving Scapa Flow on the 16th, heavy cruiser NORFOLK met light cruisers SOUTHAMPTON, EDINBURGH and destroyers DARING and IMPERIAL to provide support. There was no German Fleet reaction.

 

After the rescue, the SOUTHAMPTON group joined convoy HN.12 on the 17th, together with ARETHUSA in support, COSSACK and her force returned to Rosyth arriving on the 17th after which she reached Leith on the 19th for repairs, and the HOOD force arrived back in the Clyde on the 18th.

 

German steamer WIEGAND (5869grt) arrived in Jossing Fjord on the 21st, supposedly to tow ALTMARK, but left alone the next day. Instead, ALTMARK remained aground under the guard of Norwegian minelayer OLAV TRYGVASSON until 6 March when she was refloated, and headed for Sandefjord escorted by two Norwegian destroyers while submarine UNITY shadowed and the Polish ORZEL patrolled nearby. After reaching Sandefjord, ALTMARKs repairs were completed on 22 March.

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Armed merchant cruiser WORCESTERSHIRE arrived in the Clyde from Northern Patrol.

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Submarines TRUANT and TRITON exercised in the Firth of Forth.

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Aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, battlecruiser RENOWN and destroyer HERO arrived at Portsmouth and Force K was dissolved. After short refits, the three oined the Home Fleet.

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Anti-submarine whaler THIRLMERE (560grt) at 0905 attacked a submarine contact west of Sumburgh Head in 59-58N, 3-08W. Anti-submarine whaler ELLESMERE was sent to assist, but no further contact was made and the search was abandoned at 1700/17th.

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Convoy FN.96 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers WOOLSTON, JANUS and sloop GRIMSBY, and arrived in the Tyne on the 18th.

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Convoy FS.98 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer JERVIS and sloops FLAMINGO and WESTON, was forced to anchor in the Humber overnight, but arrived at Southend on the 18th.

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U.14 sank Swedish steamers OSMED (1526grt) 20 miles and LIANA (1664grt) 24 miles north of Kinnaird Head, with the loss of thirteen and ten crew respectively. Survivors were picked up by Swedish steamer SANTOS (3840grt) and British trawler LOCH HOPE (274grt), but of the eight onboard SANTOS, six were lost when she was sunk on the 24th

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Convoy HN.12 of three British, fifteen Norwegian, eight Swedish, one Danish, two Finnish and one Estonian ship departed Bergen escorted by destroyers INGLEFIELD, ILEX, IMOGEN, DELIGHT and submarine THISTLE. Anti-aircraft protection was provided by anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and close support by light cruisers EDINBURGH and ARETHUSA. Destroyer DARING departed Rosyth on the 15th to join the convoy at sea. On the 17th, INGLEFIELD and IMOGEN, and EDINBURGH and ARETHUSA detached to Scapa Flow to refuel and arrived on the 18th. Three merchant ships joined from the Orkneys for passage to the east coast, and destroyer IMPERIAL escorted the Methil section. The convoy arrived on the 19th

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Convoy HX.20 departed Halifax at 0800 escorted by Canadian destroyers FRASER, ST LAURENT and the British HEREWARD. Canadian destroyer SKEENA accompanied the convoy until it was clear of the harbour. Light cruiser ORION and liner DUCHESS OF BEDFORD departed Halifax with HX.20 and then proceeded independently to Liverpool. HEREWARD returned to Halifax on the 20th, but before then, the other destroyers turned the convoy over to the ocean escort, light cruiser ENTERPRISE, at 1400/17th. Destroyers VOLUNTEER, WITCH and sloops FOWEY and ROCHESTER escorted from 29 February to 4 March, when the convoy arrived at Liverpool.

 

 

Saturday, 17 February

 

Heavy cruiser NORFOLK arrived at Scapa Flow and departed to relieve heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE on Northern Patrol. DEVONSHIRE reached Greenock on the 20th.

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Light cruiser NEWCASTLE arrived at Scapa Flow after Northern Patrol, and destroyer KINGSTON departed Scapa Flow for Northern Patrol.

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Destroyers DIANA, ENCOUNTER and BRAZEN escorted two tankers from Rosyth to Aberdeen, after which they left with steamers HIRONDELLE (1243grt) and RUTLAND (1437grt). Destroyer KIPLING joined en route, with HIRONDELLE being taken into Lerwick and RUTLAND into Scapa Flow.

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Submarines TRIBUNE and TRUANT exercised in the Firth of Forth with destroyer ELECTRA serving as the target ship.

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Submarine URSULA departed Blyth on patrol, but had to return with engine problems.

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Convoy BC.25 of five steamers, including BARON CARNEGIE and BATNA, which had sailed from Nantes on the 13th and 14th respectively, departed Quiberon Bay on the 16th. It arrived in Barry Roads on the 17th escorted by destroyer MONTROSE.

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Destroyer WOLVERINE on convoy escort, attacked a submarine contact southwest of the Scilly Isle on the 17th in 49‑38N, 06‑40W and the 18th in 49-37N, 7-10W.

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Sloop ABERDEEN, on convoy escort with OG.19F, attacked a contact southwest of Portland Bill in 50-10N, 2-52W.

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Anti-submarine trawler PEARL (649grt) attacked a contact in Lune Deep in Morecombe Bay in 53-53N, 3-33W.

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Destroyer HAVANT developed defects while on escort duty.

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Convoy ON.14 with ten British, seven Norwegian, one Swedish, five Finnish and one Estonian ship departed Methil escorted by destroyers ESCAPADE, ESCORT, ECLIPSE, ELECTRA and submarine NARWHAL. (There was no ON/HN.13.) ECLIPSE attacked a submarine contact in the Firth of Forth in 56-09N, 2-49W, and one merchant ship detached before the North Sea crossing. Light cruisers EDINBURGH and ARETHUSA left Scapa Flow on the 19th to rendezvous with the convoy at 0700/20th, and when German surface ships appeared in the North Sea, ON.14 put into Kirkwall, still on the 19th, but left next day once the German ships had returned to Wilhelmshaven, reaching Bergen on the 22nd.

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U.10 sank Norwegian steamer KVERNAAS (1819grt) four miles NW of Schouwen Bank in 51‑50N, 03‑19E,. The crew of 20 was rescued by Dutch steamer ORANJEPOLDER (856grt).

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U.48 sank Finnish steamer WILJA (3396grt) southwest of the Scilly Isles in 49‑00N, 06‑33W and the 27 survivors were rescued by destroyer VANESSA and Dutch steamer MAASDAM (8810grt). VANESSA was escorting convoy OA.92 at the time, saw the sinking and attacked U.48 in 49‑25N, 07‑10. 6W. She was joined by destroyer WREN and sloop DEPTFORD at 1230 and 1520/18th, respectively. DEPTFORD left for Gibraltar at 1700/18th, and sloop ENCHANTRESS joined.

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Convoy HG.19 of 35 ships departed Gibraltar with sloops LEITH and BIDEFORD as ocean escort from the 17th to 27th. Before then, on the 24th, the convoy split into two. HG.19 A was escorted in Home Waters by BIDEFORD and destroyer WHITSHED, and HG.19B by destroyers WALPOLE, WHITSHED and MACKAY from the 24th to 27th when the convoy arrived at Liverpool.

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U.37 was en route to join U.53 for attacks off Portugal on French convoys 10 RS, en route from Gibraltar to Brest, and 65 KS, en route from Oran/Casablanca to Brest/St Nazaire. Off Cape Finisterre, U.37 attacked British convoy OG.18, escorted by French destroyer PANTHRE and French auxiliary patrol vessel MERCEDITA, and torpedoed British steamer PYRRHUS (7418grt) in 44‑02N, 10‑18W. She broke in two, the aft section sank immediately, but the fore part stayed afloat for two days. Eight Chinese crew were lost and the survivors, including Convoy Vice Commodore Vice Admiral A. E. Evans CB, CBE and his staff were rescued by British steamers USKSIDE (2706grt) and SINNINGTON COURT (6910grt). Also in OG.18 were British steamers AGAPENOR (7392grt), PROMETHEUS (6095grt) and GLENIFFER (9559grt).

 

The joint U-boat operation also netted three other ships. On the 18th, U.37 sank independently sailing Greek steamer ELLIN (4917grt) 25 miles NW of Cape Finisterre, the crew being picked up by Spanish fishing vessel MANIN (251grt, and French steamer PLM 15 (3754grt) from convoy 10 RS in 43‑37N, 09‑15W with the loss of her entire crew. French anti-submarine trawlers LA TOULONNAISE (738grt) and LA SETOISE (738grt) carried out attacks on U.37.

 

U.53 sank Spanish steamer BANDERAS (2140grt) eight miles NW of Cape Velano, also on the 18th. Twenty two crew were lost and six survivors rescued by Spanish fishing vessel TRITONIA (268grt). The U-boat also attacked French tanker GARONNE (3533grt) in convoy 10 RS, but malfunctioning torpedoes prevented any damage being done.

 

U.26 and U.50 had been ordered to operate with U.37 and U.53, but were too far away to join in time.

 

 

18 February, Sunday

 

Destroyer DARING (Cdr S A Cooper), escorting convoy HN.12, was sunk by U.23 off Duncansby Head in 58‑40N, 01‑40E. Cdr Cooper, executive officer Lt P L Roberts, Lt P C Gordon RNVR, engineering officer Lt W J K Shaxby, S/Lt L G M Potts, Gunner W H Easton, Midshipman A V Dumfrey RNR, Surgeon Lt G J Kearney MB, ChB, Probationary Temporary Midshipman J L Coleman RNVR and 145 ratings were lost. Destroyers BRAZEN and ENCOUNTER, which had been hunting in the area, were ordered to search for the submarine responsible. They were joined by the convoy escort and by destroyers DIANA, which had departed Rosyth on the 17th, KIPLING, which had left Scapa Flow on the 14th, INGLEFIELD, ILEX, DELIGHT which earlier were released from HN.12s escort, and anti-submarine trawlers of the 11th Anti-Submarine Striking Force. Submarine THISTLE rescued Lt L A Rogers and four ratings from DARING. The 11th A/S Striking Force did make an attack on U.23 east of Duncansby Head in 58-37N, 1-18W, but did no damage.

 

Destroyers GALLANT, JAGUAR, NUBIAN and SIKH departed Rosyth as convoy escorts and joined HN.12 bringing it into Methil on the 19th without further interference. After a loop crossing had been detected, destroyers GRIFFIN, IVANHOE, INTREPID hunted for another submarine in the Forth of Forth and were joined by escort vessel VALOROUS.

 

KIPLING reached Scapa Flow on the 18th and because of prior defects, went on to the Tyne for repairs arriving on the 20th.

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ABORTIVE GERMAN BATTLECRUISER SORTIE

 

German Admiral Marschall departed Wilhelmshaven for Operation NORDMARK with battleships SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU, heavy cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER, and destroyers KARL GALSTER, WILHELM HEIDKAMP, WOLFGANG ZENKER with the object of attacking allied shipping between the Shetlands and Bergen. However, ZENKER was damaged by ice and forced to return at the start. The remaining force was escorted through the Skagerrak by destroyers PAUL JACOBI, THEODOR RIEDEL, HERMANN SCHOEMANN, LEBERECHT MAAS and torpedo boats LUCHS and SEEADLER which raided in the Skagerrak after being detached. U-boats were disposed to support this operation. Three operated between the Shetlands and Norway, two in the Fair Isle Channel, three off the Pentland Firth and three held in reserve near the north coast of Scotland. Submarines deployed were U.60, U.61, U.57, U.23, U.22, U.62, U.19, U.13, U.63, U.18, U.14, U.18 and U.14, including some off Kinnnaird Head.

 

Submarine SALMON in the Heligoland Bight was ordered to attack the German surface ships, and convoy ON.14 was ordered into Kirkwall to avoid any contact with the enemy force, arriving on the 19th. Admiral Forbes was in the Clyde having only arrived on the 17th from supporting the ALTMARK hunt. After refuelling, he departed, still on the 19th with battleship RODNEY, battlecruiser HOOD, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FOXHOUND, FURY, FORESIGHT, FORTUNE, FIREDRAKE. Destroyers HARDY left Greenock on the 19th, KHARTOUM Scapa Flow the same day, and KANDAHAR and TARTAR from Scapa on the 20th and joined Forbes at sea. With the British out and extreme cold immobilizing his seaplanes, Admiral Marschall was forced to return to Wilhelmshaven empty handed. Ice breakers were required to clear the Rivers Jade and Weser before they could reenter on the 20th. On the 21st/22nd, ENE of Muckle Flugga in 61‑19N, 01‑30E, HARDY attacked a submarine contact, was joined by FORTUNE, but the search was unsuccessful.

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Minelayer TEVIOTBANK and minelaying destroyers EXPRESS and ESK laid Deep Line S in operation DML.8 east of Outer Gabbard escorted by destroyers KEITH and BOADICEA. Minesweeper FRANKLIN had already laid the marker buoys on the 16th. After the lay, the minelaying ships proceeded to Immingham on the 19th.

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Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and destroyer KELVIN arrived at Sullom Voe, refuelled and departed again later that day.

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Motor torpedo boats MTB.22, MTB.24 and MTB.25 departed Rosyth on patrol.

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Submarine SEALION arrived at Harwich after patrol.

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Submarine TETRARCH and tender CUTTY SARK were to depart the Clyde for Portsmouth, but TETRARCH engine defects prevented them leaving.

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Armed merchant cruiser ASTURIAS on Northern Patrol picked up the survivors of fishing vessel SEA RAMBLER.

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Convoy OA.94 departed Southend escorted by destroyer WITCH. Destroyer ACASTA joined on the 19th, detached the next day and on the 21st, the convoy dispersed.

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Convoy OB.94 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers WALKER and VENETIA. They detached on the 20th and 21st respectively, with VENETIA joining HXF.20.

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Convoy SA.30 of two steamers departed Southampton, escorted by sloops FOXGLOVE and ROSEMARY, and arrived at Brest on the 20th.

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Convoy MT.14 departed Methil escorted by the 3rd Anti-Submarine Group, supported by destroyers VEGA, JAGUAR and sloop STORK, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.

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Convoy FN.97 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WESTMINSTER and sloop LONDONDERRY, and arrived at Methil on the 20th.

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Convoy FS.99 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VEGA, JAGUAR and sloop STORK, which had just arrived from Methil with MT.14. The convoy arrived at Southend on the 20th.

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U.10 sank Dutch steamer AMELAND (4537grt) in 51‑54N, 03‑01E and the entire crew, 48 survivors, was rescued by Dutch steamer MONTFERLAND. Patrol sloops PINTAIL, GUILLEMOT and two motor torpedo boats were searching in the area.

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U.61 sank Pananamian steamer EL SONADOR (1406grt) east of the Shetlands and Norwegian steamer SANGSTAD (4297grt) east of Kirkwall in 59‑00N, 00‑25E. The Master of the Norwegian ship was lost and destroyer BRAZEN picked up 22 of the crew and took them into Kirkwall.

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Sloop ABERDEEN, on escort duty with convoy OB.93GF, attacked a submarine contact south of Wolf Rock in 49-42N, 5-45W.

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Anti-submarine trawler CAPE PORTLAND (497grt) attacked a submarine contact off Aberdeen in 57-19N, 1-50W.

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Convoy HX.21 departed Halifax at 0800 escorted by Canadian destroyers OTTAWA and SAGUENAY, which detached on the 19th. Ocean escort was armed merchant cruiser ALAUNIA, which left on 1 March. Destroyers WINDSOR and WOLVERINE escorted the convoy 2 to 4 March, when it arrived at Liverpool.

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Convoy SL.21 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser DUNNOTTAR CASTLE until 4 March. Destroyers WANDERER joined on the 4th, VERSATILE on the 5th and the convoy arrived on the 7th.

 

 

19 February, Monday

 

Light cruiser GLASGOW arrived at Scapa Flow with rudder defects and then left for refitting at Belfast, where she arrived on the 24th. She later went on to Rosyth for refitting which was completed in early April.

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Armed merchant cruiser ASTURIAS boarded and sent in for inspection Norwegian steamer SKRAMSTAD (4300grt).

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Destroyer KIMBERLEY departed Scapa Flow on Northern Patrol.

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Armed merchant cruiser WORCESTERSHIRE departed the Clyde on Northern Patrol.

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Armed merchant cruiser ANDANIA arrived at the Clyde after Northern Patrol.

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Destroyers GRIFFIN, INTREPID, IVANHOE, VALOROUS arrived at Rosyth after a submarine hunt.

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Destroyers JAGUAR and ILEX arrived at Rosyth.

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Convoy OA.93GF sailed from Southend on the 16th escorted by destroyer WREN and sloop ENCHANTRESS, and OB.93GF from Liverpool on the 17th escorted by sloops ABERDEEN and DEPTFORD with twenty eight ships. The two convoys joined on the 19th as OG.19F escorted by ABERDEEN and DEPTFORD, were joined by destroyer WISHART, and arrived at Gibraltar on the 24th.

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A TM Convoy departed the Tyne escorted by the 19th Anti-Submarine Group and supported by destroyer JACKAL.

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Convoy FN.98 departed Southend escorted by sloop PELICAN and destroyers VIVIEN and JERVIS, and arrived in the Tyne on the 21st. Convoy FN.99 did not sail.

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Convoy FS.100 departed the Tyne escorted by sloops FLEETWOOD, HASTINGS and destroyers VALOROUS and JANUS, and arrived at Southend on the 21st.

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Destroyer WOLVERINE joined convoy HX.19 at 0815 with destroyers VANOC and VANESSA joining shortly after. WOLVERINE attacked a submarine contact WSW of Cape Clear in 50‑50N, 11‑23W, while the other two destroyers continued with the convoy. Destroyer WINCHELSEA joined WOLVERINE to continue the hunt.

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The 14th Anti-Submarine Striking Force attacked U.13 ESE of Duncansby Head in 58-30N, 1-30W, but did no damage.

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Two German 250 ton U-boats were reported five miles off Vlieland in 53-16N, 05-00E at 1000 steering northwest and one 500 ton boat was reported six miles off Ijmuiden in 52-28N, 4-34E at 1300 steering southwest. French sloop AMIENS was ordered to join anti-submarine trawler LADY PHILOMENA to hunt for them, but did not join. AMIENS returned to Dunkirk early on the 20th.

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Submarine SUNFISH at 0951 fired four torpedoes at U.14 in 54-28N, 07-11E.

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Minelayer TEVIOTBANK was slightly damaged in collision with tug GOOLE No. 10 in Immingham Dock.

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U.19 attacked tanker DAGHESTAN (5742grt) in 59‑21N, 01‑48W, but the attack failed due to torpedo defects.

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Steamer TIBERTON (5225grt) was believed lost to unknown cause in the Moray Firth with all her crew. Uboat.Net and Rohwer's "Axis Submarine Successes" confirm she was sunk by U.23 in 58.07N, 02.39W.

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Swedish steamer START (1765grt) was seized in the Baltic by German warships, and taken to Bremerhaven.

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Aircraft carrier HERMES arrived at Dakar after VO operations, escorted by destroyers DAINTY, DIAMOND, DEFENDER and DECOY.

 

 

20 February, Tuesday

 

He111 bombers of German KG26 (X Air Corps) attacked anti-submarine trawlers of the 11th Anti-Submarine Striking Force operating 52 miles 090 from Copinsay. FIFESHIRE (540grt) (S/Lt J V Searles-Wood) was sunk in 58‑53N, 1‑12W with Searles-Wood, Acting S/Lt J C Cooper RNR and nineteen ratings lost. Temporary S/Lt N F Villiers-Stewart RNVR, was the only survivor. AYRSHIRE (540grt) was attacked and badly damaged, and CAPE SIRETOKO (590grt) also attacked. Destroyer INGLEFIELD departed Scapa Flow to support them. (Note: German X Air Corps flew He111's of KG26, Ju88's of KG30, and two reconnaissance squadrons flying He59's or Do17's.)

_____

 

Submarine L.23 was depth charged by a German destroyer off the Danish coast, and sustained damage to her OF tanks. She reached Rosyth on the 22nd, left on the 23rd for Blyth and was repaired there from the 27th until March.

_____

 

Destroyer ILEX was damaged at Rosyth while berthing alongside destroyer SIKH, and was repaired at Rosyth completing on 11 March.

_____

 

Destroyers GALLANT, GRIFFIN, INTREPID, IVANHOE departed Rosyth for Scapa Flow to operate under the Orkneys and Shetlands Command.

_____

 

Destroyer KIPLING arrived in the Tyne.

_____

 

Destroyer ECHO arrived at Leith for refitting.

_____

 

Destroyers DELIGHT and INGLEFIELD arrived at Scapa Flow.

_____

 

Submarine URSULA departed Rosyth on patrol.

_____

 

After arriving at Kirkwall on the 19th to avoid contact with the German Battlecruiser force, convoy ON.14 left there escorted by destroyers ESCAPADE, ECLIPSE, ESCORT, ELECTRA and submarine NARWHAL. It was met by light cruisers EDINBURGH and ARETHUSA which departed Scapa Flow on the 20th. Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO departed Sullom Voe on the 21st and joined en route. EDINBURGH attacked a submarine contact east of Copinsay in 58-55N, 1-43W on the 20th, and also east of the Shetland Islands in 60-35N, 1-44W on the 21st. ON.14 arrived safely at Bergen on the 22nd.

_____

 

Polish destroyer BURZA attacked a submarine contact east of Orfordness in 52-04N, 1-59E.

_____

 

Destroyer KEITH, alongside depot ship SANDHURST in Dover Harbour, was rammed by armed yacht GULZAR. She left on the 22nd for repairs at Chatham, after which she returned to Sheerness on the 28th.

_____

 

Convoy FS.100 arrived at Humber. Destroyers ESK and EXPRESS joined the convoy for passage to Portsmouth.

_____

 

Convoy MT.15 departed Rosyth escorted by destroyers WHITLEY, JAGUAR and sloop EGRET. The three escorts joined convoy FS.101 when it sailed from the Tyne at 2230, and EGRET attacked a submarine contact seven miles 290 from Flamborough Head in 54-04. 6N, 00-06.6W. WHITLEY remained in the area for a time before rejoining FS.101, which arrived at Southend on the 22nd. Convoy FS.102 was cancelled.

_____

 

Trawler LADY ELEANOR (324grt) attacked a submarine contact eight miles SE of Flamborough.

_____

 

French destroyer FOUDROYANT and aircraft operated south of Colbart Ridge at dawn on anti-submarine patrol.

_____

 

Cable ship MONARCH departed Dover for Calais to complete laying loops 16 and 17. The operation continued on the 22nd.

_____

 

Destroyer VORTIGERN departed Gibraltar to escort cable ship MIRROR. When it was found further cable repairs were needed, the destroyer escorted her to Lisbon and returned to Gibraltar.

_____

 

French large destroyers VAUTOUR and GERFAUT departed Oran on the 19th, escorting three French transports to Brest as convoy 1F. They passed Gibraltar on the 20th, and were joined by large destroyer BISON, en route. This movement was in preparation for allied operations in Finland. Troopship CHAMPOLLION, arrived at Brest on the 23rd, escorted by the three destroyers. Torpedo boats BOUCLIER, MELPOMONE, LA FLORE of the 14th Destroyer Division departed Lorient on the 22nd and joined troopships VILLE D'ALGER and MARECHAL LYAUTEY, and they arrived at Cherbourg on the 24th. Due to turbine vibration, GERFAUT was replaced by destroyer VERDUN for the operation.

 

 

21 February, Wednesday

 

Destroyer KELVIN had been escorting armed merchant cruiser CIRCASSIA since the 19th and on the 21st reported that side plating had split while at sea NW of the Shetlands. She arrived at Scapa Flow on the 22nd.

_____

 

Destroyer KASHMIR's asdic dome and oscillator were defective and docking was required to repair them.

_____

 

Destroyers GRIFFIN and GALLANT were detached from patrol to escort steamer CYPRIAN PRINCE (1988grt) from Aberdeen to Kirkwall. At Kirkwall, they joined destroyer IVANHOE on patrol.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruiser LETITIA departed the Clyde on Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE arrived in the Clyde from Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser YORK departed Liverpool to relieve heavy cruiser BERWICK on Northern Patrol. BERWICK reached Greenock on the 21st.

_____

 

Light cruiser MANCHESTER and destroyer KIMBERLEY on Northern Patrol south of Iceland captured German steamer WAHEHE (4709grt) in 62‑50N, 14‑20W following her escape earlier in the month from Vigo. She was towed towards Kirkwall by KIMBERLEY, joined by destroyer KHARTOUM during the afternoon of the 22nd and arrived in the Clyde on 8 March. WAHEHE was renamed EMPIRE CITIZEN for British service.

_____

 

Submarines TRIBUNE and TRIDENT exercised in the Firth of Forth.

_____

 

Destroyers BRAZEN and ENCOUNTER arrived at Rosyth.

_____

 

Minesweeping trawler SOLON (348grt, Lt Cdr W Gillett Rtd) was near missed and damaged by He111 bombers of German KG26 (X Air Corps) off Yarmouth, but was able to enter the port. Gillet and one rating were wounded by machine gun fire.

_____

 

Convoy OA.96 departed Southend escorted by destroyers VERITY and BEAGLE. Destroyer VETERAN relieved BEAGLE on the 22nd, VERITY detached on the 23rd, and VETERAN left on the 24th when the convoy dispersed

_____

 

Convoy OB.96 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers VANQUISHER and VERSATILE from the 21st to 24th, when they detached to SL.20.

_____

 

Convoy FN.100 departed Southend escorted by destroyers JERVIS, WESTMINSTER and sloop LONDONDERRY, the escorts of convoy FN.99 which had been cancelled. The convoy was delayed off Cromer Knoll waiting for minesweepers, but arrived in two parts on the 23rd. Convoy FN.101 was cancelled.

_____

 

U.22 attacked trawler STRATHCLOVA (210grt) north of Fair Island, but torpedo defects allowed her to escape unharmed.

_____

 

U.50 sank Dutch tanker TARA (4760grt) 60 miles SW of Vigo in 42‑45N, 10‑25W. French destroyer FANTASQUE made unsuccessful attacks on U.50 and rescued the entire crew from the tanker.

_____

 

U.57 torpedoed and badly damaged steamer LOCH MADDY (4,996grt), 20 miles 70 from Copinsay as she was straggling behind convoy HX 19. Destroyer DIANA, which had been detached by D.3 due to a defective steam pipe, attacked a submarine SE of Copinsay at 58‑50N, 02‑28W, but without success. Tug ST MELLONS was dispatched to tow the damaged and sinking ship which had lost four crew, and the survivors abandoned her, 33 of them being rescued by DIANA. Early on the 22nd, U.23 finished her off, although the after part was beached at Inganess Bay and some salvage carried out.

 

_____

 

Destroyers IMOGEN and INGLEFIELD were hunting five miles 346 from Noup Head in 59‑43N, 01‑50W for a contact reported at 0530 by armed boarding vessel NORTHERN ISLES (655grt) in 59-25N, 3-06. 5W. She claimed to have grazed a submerged object which she attacked, and had in fact lightly damaged U.19.

_____

 

Destroyers IVANHOE and INTREPID were searching for a submarine contact reported by aircraft in 58-40N, 00-30E.

_____

 

British Battle aircraft en route to France reported sighting a German submarine ten miles south of Beachy Head. Destroyer VERITY was escorting convoy OA.96 as far as 00-30W and destroyer BEAGLE was sent to reinforce her. Destroyers ACHATES and ANTHONY departed Portsmouth to search for the sighting which was later determined to have been a mine. BEAGLE was recalled and arrived at Dover at 2230.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawlers YORK CITY (398grt) and HUDDERSFIELD TOWN (399grt), escorting the Milford Haven section of an outbound convoy, attacked a submarine contact off Milford Haven in 51‑28N, 5‑20W. Destroyer WAKEFUL relieved them and made an anti-submarine attack.

_____

 

Minesweepers HARRIER, SKIPJACK, NIGER and SPEEDWELL were sweeping off Wick in 58-21N, 2-35W when an aircraft reported an oil patch on the water. NIGER and SPEEDWELL attacked a contact 30 miles SE of Duncansby Head and in all dropped 32 depth charges.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler STOKE CITY (422grt) attacked a submarine contact off Morecombe Light Vessel in 53-54N, 3-33. 5W.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler SCALBY WYKE (443grt) attacked a contact in Shapinsay Sound in 58-59. 50N, 2-50. 30W.

_____

 

Convoy BC.27 of steamers BALTRAFFIC, BARON GRAHAM, BOTHNIA, BRITISH COAST and MARSLEW (Commodore) departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyer MONTROSE, and arrived in the Loire on the 23rd.

_____

 

Dutch steam trawler YM 49 (250grt) was mined and sunk in the North Sea.

_____

 

German steamer ANTONIO DELFINO (13,589grt) sailed from Bahia. She reached Haugesand on 23 March, Sandefjord on the 27th escorted by Norwegian destroyer ODIN and two torpedo boats, left there on 1 April, arrived at Gotenhafen and finally reached Kiel safely on the 7th.

 

 

Thursday, 22 February

 

Heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE departed the Clyde for Rosyth where she arrived on the 23rd.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruiser CICILIA departed the Clyde on Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruiser ASTURIAS boarded Danish steamer JONNA (1517grt) and sent her to Kirkwall for inspection.

_____

 

Destroyer DIANA arrived at Rosyth from Scapa Flow for repairs.

_____

 

Destroyers IMPERIAL and DELIGHT arrived at Rosyth after submarine hunting.

_____

 

Destroyers BOREAS and BRAZEN departed Rosyth for the Humber.

_____

 

Motor torpedo boats MTB.22, MTB.24 and MTB.25 were searching for a submarine off Whitby.

_____

 

Destroyers ICARUS and IMPULSIVE were transferred from the 3rd to the 20th Destroyer Flotilla.

_____

 

Minelayer TEVIOTBANK departed Rosyth escorted by destroyers BOREAS and BRAZEN on minelaying operation PA 1 in the North Sea.

_____

 

Destroyer GREYHOUND at anchor off Outer Dowsing was damaged when Swedish steamer REX (1013grt) hit her. Her stem was bent, and she repaired at Hull, completing on 20 March.

_____

 

The 23rd Anti-Submarine Group departed Methil with an MT convoy covered by sloop LONDONDERRY and destroyers WESTMINSTER and JERVIS. The cover force transferred to convoy FS.103 on the 23rd.

_____

 

Blockship CARRON (1017grt) departed the Tyne for Rosyth escorted by destroyer JAVELIN. She reached Scapa Flow and was sunk there on 3 March.

_____

 

While escorting battleship RODNEY and battlecruiser HOOD, destroyer FOXHOUND attacked a submarine contact ENE of Muckle Flugga in 61-11.5N, 3-32W.

_____

 

Destroyer FORESTER, escorting tug BUCCANEER in the Firth of Clyde in 55‑20. 75N, 04‑57.25W, attacked a contact, which further investigation showed to be the wreck of U.33 sunk earlier.

_____

 

Destroyer ACASTA, escorting a homebound convoy, attacked a submarine contact west of Scilly Isle in 50‑00N, 10‑00W.

_____

 

Destroyers WALPOLE and MACKAY, escorting a homebound convoy, attacked a contact SSW of the Scilly Isles in 49‑28N, 06‑48W. This was later determined to be the wreck of steamer VACLITE lost on 30 January.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler LORD ESSENDEN (464grt) attacked a contact at 0840 in the Firth of Clyde, two miles 075 from Little Cumbrae in 55-41N, 4-58W.

_____

 

Convoy HN.14 departed Bergen escorted by destroyers ESCAPADE, ECLIPSE, ESCORT, ELECTRA and submarine NARWHAL, but 22 of the original 37 ships returned to Bergen. (See also the 24th following).

_____

 

U.50 sank tanker BRITISH ENDEAVOUR (4520grt) from convoy OG.19F NW of Cape Finisterre in 42‑11N, 11‑35W. The tanker broke in two and five crew were lost. Steamer BODNANT (5342grt) rescued the 33 survivors. Destroyers HEARTY and ARDENT were sweeping in the area but neither ship made a radio report and the destroyers were unaware of the submarine's presence.

_____

 

German destroyers LEBERECHT MAAS, MAX SCHULTZ, ERICH KOELLNER, RICHARD BEITZEN, THEODOR RIEDEL and FRIEDRICH ECKHOLDT departed Wilhelmshaven early on the 22nd on Exercise WILKINGER, an anti-shipping sweep in the area of Dogger Bank. That evening at 1900, northwest of Borkum Island, the destroyers were attacked by the Luftwaffe - He111's of IV/KG26 of the X Air Corps, which were not informed of the destroyers' movements. Some sources cite II/KG26. LEBERECHT MAAS was struck by three bombs, ran onto a British mine and sank, while MAX SCHULTZ evaded the bombing but also ran onto a British mine and sank. Five hundred and seventy eight crew from both ships were lost including the entire crew of SCHULTZ. There were 60 survivors from MAAS with KOELLNER picking up 24, ECKHOLDT 19 and BEITZEN 17. Heavy fog during the 23rd made further rescue efforts unsuccessful. German auxiliary patrol boat Vp.809 (trawler KONSUL DUBBERS, 408grt) searched through the afternoon. The minefield, hitherto undiscovered, had been laid by units of the British 20th Destroyer Flotilla on the 9th/10th January.

_____

 

Convoy HX.22 departed Halifax at 1000 escorted by Canadian destroyers RESTIGOUCHE and SKEENA, which detached on the 23rd. Ocean escort was battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN, left on 2 March. Destroyers VANOC, VETERAN, WALPOLE and WREN escorted the convoy from 6 to 9 March, when it arrived at Liverpool.

_____

 

Convoy HG.20F departed Gibraltar with 30 ships on the 22nd, escorts:

 

 

joined

detached

22nd

Destroyer VELOX

French destroyer PANTHRE, auxiliary patrol vessel MERCEDITA

 

28th

Destroyers WHIRLWIND, VANOC from convoy OG.20F

Sloop SANDWICH

PANTHRE, MERCEDITA

WHIRLWIND, VANOC later in the day

3rd

 

VELOX detached to convoy HG.21

convoy arrived with SANDWICH at Liverpool on 3 March

_____

 

Light cruiser CERES, which had sailed from Plymouth, arrived at Gibraltar on the 19th and left the same day, now reached Malta.

_____

 

Convoy SLF.21 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser BULOLO until 4 March. Destroyer VANSITTART joined the same day and escorted the convoy until its arrival on the 7th.

_____

 

 

French destroyer SIMOUN, escorting AUSTRAL and transport GOLO passed Gibraltar. GOLO had departed Toulon on the 17th and Algiers on the 20th. AUSTRAL had also left Toulon on the 17th and joined at Algiers. On the 22nd, the three ships departed as convoy 2F and were joined en route by destroyer FORBIN. They arrived at Brest on the 27th in preparation for allied operations in Finland.

_____

 

French convoy 69.KF departed Casablanca with seven steamers, escorted by large destroyers MILAN, EPERVIER and VERDUN, and arrived at Brest on the 26th. The destroyers also joined the allied preparations for Finland operations.

_____

 

Australian light cruiser HOBART arrived at Colombo, where she drydocked from the 25th to 29th.

 

 

Friday, 23 February

 

Heavy cruiser BERWICK departed the Clyde for Scapa Flow.

_____

 

Light cruiser NEWCASTLE departed Scapa Flow for Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Light cruiser SOUTHAMPTON departed Scapa Flow.

_____

 

Destroyer JACKAL exercised in the Firth of Forth and then left as cover for a TM convoy.

_____

 

Sloop GRIMSBY and destroyers WOOLSTON and ENCOUNTER exercised in the Firth of Forth.

_____

 

Submarine SEAL arrived at Rosyth after patrol.

_____

 

Submarine SALMON stopped Belgian trawler HELENE (145grt) ten miles east of Smith's Knoll, and put a prize crew on board. Both vessels reached Harwich on the 23rd.

_____

 

Trawler BENVOLIO (352grt, Chief Skipper S M Aldred RNR) was sunk on a mine in the Humber, with the loss of the Skipper and nine ratings.

_____

 

Convoy ON.15 of two British, twenty Norwegian, six Swedish, three Danish, six Finnish and three Estonian ships departed Methil, escorted by destroyers COSSACK, DELIGHT, DIANA, SIKH, NUBIAN and IMPERIAL. One steamer detached before the convoy crossed the North Sea. Close cover was provided by light cruisers AURORA and PENELOPE which departed Rosyth on the 24th and anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA, which departed Sullom Voe on the 25th, while on the 24th, NUBIAN attacked a submarine attack north of Kinnaird Head in 58‑00N, 1‑19W. The convoy arrived safely at Bergen on the 27th.

_____

 

Convoy OA.97 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VANESSA, and was joined on the 24th by sloop FOWEY. Both escorts detached on the 25th and the convoy dispersed on the 26th.

_____

 

Convoy OB.97 departed Liverpool escorted by sloop ROCHESTER and destroyer VOLUNTEER. Both escorts detached on the 26th and the convoy dispersed on the 27th.

_____

 

Convoy BC.26 of six steamers, including BARON KINNAIRD and DUNKWA (Commodore) departed the Loire escorted by destroyer MONTROSE, and arrived in the Bristol Channel on the 24th.

_____

 

Convoy FN.102 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VALOROUS and sloop HASTINGS, and reached Rosyth on the 25th.

_____

 

Convoy FS.103 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers WESTMINSTER, JERVIS and sloop LONDONDERRY, all three of which had been supporting convoy MT.16. The convoy arrived at Southend on the 25th. Convoy FS.104 was cancelled.

_____

 

Convoy MT.16 departed Methil, escorted by anti-submarine trawlers of the 23rd Anti-Submarine Group. This convoy had been supported by destroyers WESTMINSTER, JERVIS and sloop LONDONDERRY before they joined FS.10 (see above). The convoy arrived in the Tyne the next day.

_____

 

Destroyer GURKHA, then 54 miles SSE of the Faroes in 60‑32N, 06‑14W attacked and sank U.53 in 60‑32N, 06‑10W with the loss of all 42 crew. Destroyers KHARTOUM and KINGSTON joined GURKHA at 0630/24th in patrolling the area and early on the 25th, KINGSTON in company with GURKHA, made a submarine contact west of Sumburgh Head in 59‑55N, 04‑27W.

_____

 

Destroyers GALLANT and GRIFFIN attacked U.61 east of Copinsay in 58‑54N, 1‑05W and inflicted some damage.

_____

 

Sloop BIDEFORD, on escort duty, attacked a submarine contact WSW of Ushant in 46-51N, 10-31W.

_____

 

French submarine PROTE attempted to stop French steamer ARAGAZ (5009grt) in 32-10N, 11-00W, assuming her to be German. ARAGAZ opened fire and the submarine was forced to submerge.

_____

French destroyer SIMOUN, escorting convoy 2F from Gibraltar to Brest, reported attacking and ramming a German submarine SW of Cape St Vincent in 36‑15N, 09‑55W. Although no submarine was reported sunk, a drydock inspection at Casablanca revealed the blades of SIMOUN's port propeller turned up and two yards of the outer keel torn away. The "submarine" may have been a submerged wreck.

_____

 

Sub Lieutenant G A Skinner was killed when his RAF Hart of RAF No. 1 Flying Training School crashed near Lower Clatford, Wilts.

_____

 

New Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES arrived at Auckland for repairs and refitting after being relieved on the South America Station.

_____

 

Destroyer DAINTY arrived at Freetown.

_____

 

French large destroyer ALBATROS sailed from Toulon on the 21st and troopship VILLE D'ORAN from Oran on the 22nd, and both passed Gibraltar on the 23rd on passage for Brest. The ships arrived on the 26th as convoy 3.F in preparation for allied operations in Finland.

 

 

Saturday, 24 February

 

Battleship RODNEY and battlecruiser HOOD with destroyers FAULKNOR, HARDY, FORTUNE, FORESIGHT, FIREDRAKE and FEARLESS arrived at Greenock.

_____

 

Destroyers KHARTOUM and KINGSTON rendezvoused at sea with armed merchant cruiser CIRCASSIA.

_____

 

Polish submarine ORZEL arrived at Rosyth from patrol.

_____

 

Submarine TETRARCH conducted diving trials with destroyer FAME.

_____

 

Destroyers IVANHOE, GALLANT and GRIFFIN were submarine hunting.

_____

 

Destroyer INTREPID arrived at Invergordon.

_____

 

Destroyer FURY and FOXHOUND arrived at Greenock.

_____

 

Minelayer TEVIOTBANK and destroyer BOREAS and BRAZEN departed the Humber for Rosyth.

_____

 

Destroyers JACKAL and WALLACE and sloop WESTON were submarine hunting in the Firth of Forth.

_____

 

A German submarine attacked Norwegian steamer BRITTA (6214grt) 100 miles south of Queenstown. Destroyer ACASTA was dispatched to assist, and after being joined by destroyers WAKEFUL and VESPER carried out a search off Cape Clear in 51‑07N, 09‑39W. Attacks were made on a submarine contact and they were joined by destroyer VOLUNTEER on the 25th, but the search was unsuccessful.

_____

 

CONVOY HN.14

 

Convoy HN.14 had departed Bergen escorted by destroyers ESCAPADE, ECLIPSE, ESCORT, ELECTRA and submarine NARWHAL, and was reinforced by destroyers INGLEFIELD and IMOGEN at 0700/24th. Still on the 24th, U.63 (O/L Guenther Lorentz), which left Wilhelmshaven on the 17th on her first patrol, attacked the convoy and sank Swedish steamer SANTOS (3840grt) in 59‑17N, 00‑42W. Thirty one crew were lost, and the fourteen survivors (12 from SANTOS and two from steamer LIANA) were later picked up by destroyer GALLANT and landed at Invergordon on the 25th.

 

At 0752/25th, NARWHAL sighted U.63 on the surface near the convoy in 58-35N, 1-05NW and signalled ESCAPADE, after which ESCORT, INGLEFIELD and IMOGEN sank her SE of the Orkneys in 58‑40N, 00‑42W. One crewman was missing, but three officers and twenty one ratings were picked up by INGLEFIELD and IMOGEN which arrived at Leith with them on the 27th. The east coast section of the convoy arrived on the 26th, escorted solely by NARWHAL, while ELECTRA and ECLIPSE escorted the five ships of the west coast section, the two destroyers reaching Scapa on the 25th. The destroyers of HN.14 had all detached for refuelling prior to its arrival.

_____

 

Convoy FN.103 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WHITLEY and sloop EGRET. The convoy was delayed by fog and anchored shortly after departure in Knock Deep, but reached the Tyne on the 28th.

_____

 

Convoy MT.17 departed Methil and arrived later that day.

_____

 

Light cruiser EDINBURGH attacked a submarine contact ESE of Muckle Flugga in 60-34N, 1-04W.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler LOCH TULLA (423grt) attacked a submarine contact south of Hoxa Gate in 58-49N, 3-05W.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler COVENTRY CITY (546grt) attacked a submarine contact in Pentland Firth in 58-45-30W, 3-01-30W.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler ARSENAL (389grt) attacked a submarine contact off the Smalls in 51-47-30N, 5-49W.

_____

 

Destroyer BOADICEA was withdrawn from patrol for repairs to her port propeller shaft.

_____

 

Steamer ROYAL ARCHER (2266grt) was sunk 6.7 miles 48 from Inchkeith Island, in 56‑06N, 02‑55W, on a mine laid by U.21 on 3 November 1939. Twenty seven crew and one gunner were rescued.

_____

 

Swedish steamer BOHUS (1761grt) was taken in prize by German warships in the North Sea, and renamed GERRIT FRITZEN for German service.

_____

 

Finnish steamer RIGEL (3779grt) was brought into the Downs by a French destroyer for examination.

_____

 

Destroyers DIAMOND, DECOY, DEFENDER arrived at Freetown.

_____

 

French submarines MARSOUIN, NARVAL and REQUIN of the 11th Submarine Division departed Oran on the 23rd for Casablanca, and passed Gibraltar on the 24th, escorted by torpedo boat POURSIVANTE.

 

 

Sunday, 25 February

 

Heavy cruiser BERWICK departed Scapa Flow for Greenock.

_____

 

Vice Admiral CS 1 hoisted his flag on heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE at sunset.

_____

 

Light cruisers EDINBURGH and ARETHUSA arrived at Rosyth.

_____

 

Destroyers KASHMIR with a defective asdic installation and KANDAHAR arrived at Scapa Flow.

_____

 

Destroyer KHARTOUM sustained weather damage to her hull and was capable of only twelve knots.

_____

 

Destroyer VESPER reported her anti-submarine dome leaking, and returned to Plymouth for repairs.

_____

 

Destroyer FORESTER departed the Clyde on the 23rd and rendezvoused the same day with destroyer MOHAWK which was escorting tanker IMPERIAL TRANSPORT (8022grt. They met light cruiser ORION (carrying the ashes of the Governor General of Canada) and liner DUCHESS OF BEDFORD (20,123grt, carrying the first Squadron of RCAF to England) in the Western Approaches and arrived at Liverpool on the 25th.

_____

 

Sloop WESTON departed Rosyth for Tees to refit, and arrived on the 26th.

_____

 

Midshipman T W R Wagner RNVR was killed when his Roc of 759 Squadron crashed near Botley, Hants on a training exercise.

_____

 

 

Convoy OA.95G departed Southend on the 20th and OB.95G Liverpool on the 21st, with thirty four ships, and merged as OG.19 on the 25th. No escorts are listed for either convoy at this stage, but when it arrived at Gibraltar on the 29th, it was accompanied by destroyer DOUGLAS, French destroyer CHACAL and French patrol vessel CAPITAINE ARMANDE, which joined on the 23rd, and armed boarding vessel ROSAURA.

_____

 

Convoy FS.105 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WOOLSTON and sloop GRIMSBY, and arrived at Southend on the 27th.

_____

 

Convoy TM.14 departed the Tyne escorted by anti-submarine trawlers and destroyer JANUS.

_____

 

Sloop FOWEY, escorting a outward bound convoy, attacked a submarine contact off Wolf Rock in 49-43N, 5-38W.

_____

 

Anti-submarine yacht RHODORA (709grt), on patrol off Helwick Light Vessel, was ordered to search for a U-boat sighted off Caldy Island, and attacked a contact south of Caldy Island in 51-29N, 4-39W.

_____

 

Steamer CASTLEMOOR (6574grt) in convoy HX.20 foundered in the Atlantic with the loss of forty two crew.

_____

 

Convoy HG.20 departed Gibraltar with 39 ships on the 25th, escorts:

 

 

joined

detached

25th

Destroyer WISHART

Sloops ABERDEEN, DEPTFORD

 

27th

 

WISHART

3rd

Destroyer WILD SWAN

Destroyer VENETIA from convoy OG.20

ABERDEEN

4th

Sloop LEITH from convoy OG.20

WILD SWAN

6th

 

DEPTFORD

Convoy arrived Liverpool on 6 March with VENETIA and LEITH

 

 

 

Monday, 26 February

 

Destroyer IMPERIAL with convoy ON.15 was in a collision at 0250 with Swedish steamer NORDIA (1316grt) 70 miles WSW of Feistenen in 61-12N, 03-08E. The steamer sank with the loss of two crew, and IMPERIAL, covered by anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA, proceeded to Lerwick for emergency repairs, arriving on the 27th. She left on the 29th to join convoy HN.15 for passage to Rosyth. From Methil, she proceeded on 3 March in convoy MT.22 to the Tyne, where she arrived on the 5th. She did not return to service until 12 April.

_____

 

Destroyers INGLEFIELD, GRIFFIN, GURKHA, TARTAR, INTREPID and IVANHOE were sweeping in Moray Firth when GRIFFIN made a contact in 58‑10N, 02‑22W. INGLEFIELD, GRIFFIN, GURKHA attacked what later turned out to be a wreck. GURKHA and TARTAR then proceeded to Rosyth arriving on the 27th.

_____

 

Destroyers KANDAHAR, KELVIN and KIMBERLEY departed Scapa Flow for the Clyde, arriving on the 27th.

_____

 

Destroyer ESCORT attacked a submarine contact in 58-08N, 2-30W. Again, this was later found to be a wreck.

_____

 

Destroyers ECLIPSE, ELECTRA, KHARTOUM and KINGSTON arrived at Scapa Flow.

_____

 

Destroyer BASILISK departed Dover at 0700 for refitting at Chatham.

_____

 

Submarine STERLET was exercising off Harwich with sloop MALLARD.

_____

 

Submarine TRIAD arrived at Rosyth from patrol.

_____

 

Submarine SNAPPER departed Harwich on patrol.

_____

 

Submarine UNITY arrived at Harwich from Portsmouth.

_____

 

Convoy SA.31 of two steamers departed Southampton escorted by sloop FOXGLOVE, and arrived at Brest on the 28th.

_____

 

Convoy MT.18 departed Methil, escorted by sloop FLAMINGO and destroyers WALLACE and JACKAL, and arrived later in the afternoon. JACKAL then joined convoy TM.15, escorted by the 3rd Anti-Submarine Group.

_____

 

Convoy OB.99 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers WALKER and WINCHELSEA until the 29th, and then dispersed next day on 1 March.

_____

 

Convoy FS.106 departed the Tyne at 2130 escorted by sloop FLAMINGO and destroyer WALLACE with destroyer JUNO covering. They were to have escorted an MT convoy which was cancelled, and before leaving with FS.106 spent the day covering convoys TM.14 and MT.18. Convoy FS.106 arrived at Southend on the 28th.

_____

 

Sloop SCARBOROUGH, on escort duty, attacked a submarine contact SW of the Scilly Isles in 49-36N, 6-47W.

_____

 

A British Gladiator of 770 Squadron from aircraft carrier ARGUS crashed into the sea at Hyeres. Midshipman (A) R W Kearsley was rescued.

_____

 

Convoy HX.23 departed Halifax at 0800 escorted by Canadian destroyers FRASER and ST LAURENT until 1710/27th, when they turned the convoy over to ocean escort, armed merchant cruiser AUSONIA. She detached on 9 March. Before then, on the 28th, destroyer HEREWARD departed Halifax, overtook the convoy and arrived at Plymouth before going on to Portsmouth on 11 March for refitting which completed on 12 April. HX.23 arrived at Liverpool on 12 March.

_____

 

German steamer ORIZABA (4354grt) of the Vigo group ran aground off Skjervoy near Hammerfest on the north coast of Norway in 70‑04N, 20‑59E and was lost. Survivors were rescued by Finnish steamer MARGARETA (2155grt).

 

 

Tuesday, 27 February

 

Battleship MALAYA, and armed merchant cruiser ASCANIA departed Greenock with gold for Halifax, and left the Clyde escorted by destroyers FAULKNOR, FAME, FORESTER, FURY and MOHAWK.

_____

 

Destroyer JACKAL sank Swedish steamer STORFOS (545grt) in an accidental collision 12.8 miles 126 from Longstone Light. JACKAL picked up the crew and escorted by destroyer JANUS, proceeded to the Tyne for repairs requiring three weeks. The steamer was determined to be at fault for the collision.

_____

 

Sloop BLACK SWAN departed Portland for Rosyth.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruiser CORFU departed the Clyde on Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruiser ASCANIA departed the Clyde.

_____

 

While liner ORION (23,456grt) was docking at London, she was in collision with destroyer GRENADE, which had just completed refit. GRENADE's sailing was postponed while the damage was assessed and she repaired at Harwich, completing on 3 April.

_____

 

Destroyer KINGSTON reported her petrol compartment was leaking and she was only capable of sixteen knots.

_____

 

Convoy OA.99 departed Southend escorted by destroyers WINDSOR and WOLVERINE, and dispersed on 1 March.

_____

 

A TM convoy departed the Tyne for Methil escorted by the 3rd Anti-Submarine Group and destroyer JACKAL.

_____

 

Convoy FN.104 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers WESTMINSTER, WOLSEY and sloops BLACK SWAN and LONDONDERRY, and arrived in the Tyne on the 29th. Convoy FN.105 was cancelled.

_____

 

Convoy FS.107 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VALOROUS, sloop HASTINGS, and also destroyer JERVIS, joined FS.108 on the 29th and both arrived at Southend on 1 March.

_____

 

Convoy MT.19 departed Methil, escorted by destroyer VALOROUS and sloop HASTINGS, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.

_____

 

Trawler BEN ATTOW (156grt) was reportedly sunk by a mine seven miles east, one half mile south of May Island. Seekrieg lists her as bombed and sunk by He111's of German KG26 (X Air Corps). As He111's were carrying torpedoes during anti-shipping missions, a torpedo hit might have been mistaken for a mine explosion.

_____

 

Tanker BRITISH GOVERNOR (6840grt) was bombed and damaged by He111's of German KG26 (X Air Corps) off the east coast, and then escorted into port by destroyer JANUS.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler LE TIGER (516grt) attacked a submarine contact off Fife Ness near North Carr Light Vessel in 56-19N, 2-32W, and was later relieved by sloop PELICAN.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler RUBY (420grt) attacked a submarine contact in Liverpool Bay in 53-30N, 3-46W.

_____

 

Italian steamer MIRA (3165grt) was bombed and damaged by He111's of German KG26 (X Air Corps) two miles northeast of St Abb's Head.

_____

 

Norwegian steamer ANNFIN (729grt) reported ramming a submarine of unknown nationality outside Norwegian waters in the North Sea.

_____

 

Convoy OA.98GF departed Southend escorted by destroyer WREN on the 24th, which was then relieved by sloop SANDWICH on the 26th, and OB.98GF departed Liverpool, also on the 24th escorted by destroyers VANOC and WHIRLWIND. The two merged on the 27th as OG.20F, escorts:

 

 

joined

detached

27th

Sloops SCARBOROUGH, WELLINGTON

VANOC, WHIRLWIND detached to HG.20

1st

Destroyer VORTIGERN

 

2nd

 

VORTIGERN

Convoy arrived Gibraltar on 4 March with SCARBOROUGH and WELLINGTON

 

The two sloops temporarily joined the 13th Destroyer Flotilla to allow destroyers VELOX and VIDETTE to sail for the UK.

 

 

Wednesday, 28 February

 

Submarine TRITON intercepted German steamer WANGONI (7848grt) at 2009 off Kristiansand, north of Hantsholm, but she escaped in the dark and reached Hamburg on 1 March.

_____

 

Convoy HN.15 with eight British, twenty nine Norwegian, one Swedish, two Finnish, two Danish ships departed Bergen escorted by destroyers COSSACK, DELIGHT, DIANA, SIKH, NUBIAN. Anti-air craft cruiser CALCUTTA provided anti-aircraft protection. On 29 February, the convoy split into east and west coast sections; the eight ships of the west coast ships were escorted by destroyers KHARTOUM and SIKH and the east coast section by the convoy destroyers, joined by damaged destroyer IMPERIAL. CALCUTTA arrived at Sullom Voe on 1 March. After escorting the west coast section, destroyers KHARTOUM and SIKH proceeded to the Clyde, arriving on 1 March, for boiler cleaning and gun mounting repairs, respectively. The convoy arrived without event at Methil on 1 March.

_____

 

Convoy ON.16 departed Methil with six British, nineteen Norwegian, eleven Swedish, two Danish, three Finnish, two Estonian ships escorted by destroyers ESCAPADE, ESCORT, ENCOUNTER. Anti-submarine trawlers COVENTRY CITY (546grt) and LE TIGRE (516grt) escorting blockship CARRON (1017grt) when abreast of Pentland Skerries was detached from the convoy to Scapa Flow and arrived on 1 March. One other steamer was detached before the convoy crossed the North Sea. The convoy was joined by destroyers ELECTRA and ECLIPSE with six steamers from Kirkwall. (These six included in sailing numbers). Destroyer ELECTRA attacked a submarine contact south, southeast of Duncansby Head in 58-26N, 1-35W on the 29th. Destroyers GALLANT and GRIFFIN were sent to assist. Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO departed Sullom Voe on 1 March to provide anti-aircraft support. The convoy arrived at Bergen without further event on 2 March.

_____

 

Destroyers KASHMIR and KINGSTON arrived at Greenock.

_____

 

Armed merchant cruisers TRANSYLVANIA and WOLFE departed the Clyde on Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Submarine STERLET departed Harwich on patrol.

_____

 

Convoy FN.106 departed Southend escorted by sloop GRIMSBY and destroyers WOOLSTON and JUNO. The convoy arrived at the Tyne on 1 March.

_____

 

Convoy FS.108 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and sloop PELICAN. The convoy joined convoy FS.107 on the 29th and both arrived at Southend on 1 March.

_____

 

Convoy MT.20 departed Methil, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN, sloop PELICAN, anti-submarine trawlers of the 3RD Anti-Submarine Group. The convoy arrived in the Tyne later that day.

_____

 

Destroyer BEAGLE departed Dover at 1710 with the CIGS and arrived at Boulogne at 1840.

_____

 

Destroyers KEITH and WAKEFUL searched unsuccessfully for a German submarine off St Govan Light Vessel.

_____

 

21st Anti-Submarine Group, composed of anti-submarine trawlers LADY PHILOMENA, WOLVES, GRIMSBY TOWN, THURINGIA, BLACKBURN ROVERS were withdrawn from Dover patrol to be fitted with anti-aircraft protection at Hartlepool.

_____

 

German minelayers ROLAND and COBRA, escorted by minesweepers M.5 and M.7, laid 238 mines in an anti-submarine mine barrier off the Ems Estuary.

_____

 

Convoy SL.22 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser DUNVEGAN CASTLE until 11 March. The convoy merged with convoy SLF.22 on 11 March and both convoys arrived at Liverpool on 15 March.

 

 

Thursday, 29 February

 

Aircraft carrier FURIOUS departed the Clyde on the 28th escorted by destroyers HARDY, FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, KIMBERLEY. The aircraft carrier arrived at Plymouth at 0725/29th for refitting. In the Plymouth approaches on the 29th, FEARLESS was involved in a collision with a trawler. The damage was repaired at Plymouth completing on 10 March. On 2 March, battlecruiser REPULSE escorted by destroyers HARDY, HOSTILE, VIMY departed Plymouth for the Clyde where they arrived during the afternoon of 3 March. Destroyer VIMY immediately returned to Plymouth, via Liverpool. On 3 March, battlecruiser RENOWN with destroyers ACASTA, KIMBERLEY, FIREDRAKE departed Plymouth for the Clyde where they arrived at 1230 on 4 March. ACASTA immediately departed after refuelling for Plymouth, arriving on 5 March.

_____

 

Decoy ships PAKEHA and WAIMANA departed Rosyth escorted by destroyers IMOGEN, INGLEFIELD, TARTAR, GURKHA for Scapa Flow, arriving on 1 March.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser NORFOLK arrived in the Clyde from Northern Patrol.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser YORK arrived at Scapa Flow.

_____

 

Destroyer KELVIN was ordered to proceed to Birkenhead for refitting.

_____

 

Escort vessel WOOLSTON, escorting convoy FN.106, was damaged in the Humber while docking with a merchant ship. Escort vessel WOOLSTON was repaired in the Humber, completing on 5 March.

_____

 

Minelayer TEVIOTBANK with destroyers BRAZEN and BOREAS departed Immingham on the 24th for Invergordon where they arrived at 1500/26th. Minelayer TEVIOTBANK escorted by destroyers BOREAS and BRAZEN and minesweepers LEDA and NIGER departed Invergordon on minelaying operation PA 2 in Moray Firth. After the minelay, the ships proceeded to the Tyne. The ships arrived in the Tyne on 2 March and left later that dayin convoy FS.10 for passage to the Humber.

_____

 

Sloop BLACK SWAN, escorted by destroyer WOLSEY, arrived at Rosyth.

_____

 

Anti-submarine trawler CAPE PORTLAND (497grt) attacked a submarine contact off Dunnett Head in 58-42-45N, 3-18-28W.

_____

 

Minesweeping trawler AMETHYST (627grt) was damaged in a collision with steamer BRAMWELL (1927grt). The Hailing Station and Tyne Boom Defense were also damaged in this collision. The trawler was repaired in fourteen days.

_____

 

Convoy OA.101 departed Southend escorted by sloop BIDEFORD and destroyer VETERAN, which were relieved on 1 March by destroyer VANESSA. Destroyer VANESSA was detached on 2 March and the convoy was dispersed the next day.

_____

 

Convoy OB.101 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers VANQUISHER and VERSATILE. Both destroyers were detached on 3 March, when the convoy dispersed.

_____

 

Convoy FN.107 departed Southend escorted by sloop FLAMINGO and destroyers WALLACE and JUPITER. The convoy arrived in the Tyne on 2 March. Convoy FN.108 was cancelled.

_____

 

Convoy FS.109 departed the Tyne escorted by destroyer VEGA, sloop STORK, destroyer JUNO. The convoy arrived at Southend on 2 March.

_____

 

Convoy BC.28 of steamers BARON CARNEGIE (Commodore), BATNA, KERMA, KUFRA, LOCHEE, PIZARRO departed Bristol Channel escorted by destroyer VIVACIOUS. The convoy arrived at Loire on 3 March.

_____

 

U.20 sank Italian steamer MARIA ROSA (4211grt) in 52‑24N, 01‑59E. Twelve crew were lost.

_____

 

Australian light cruiser PERTH and light cruiser DIOMEDE departed Kingston, Jamaica, in company, for duty in the Pacific Ocean after being relieved in the Caribbean by light cruisers DUNEDIN and DESPATCH. Cruiser PERTH departed the Caribbean on 2 March and passed through the Panama Canal on 3 March. She arrived at Sydney on 31 March.

 

 

February, miscellaneous

 

The British forces at Gibraltar maintained a patrol for Cadiz and Huelva to watch German merchant ships there:

 

1 February destroyer VIDETTE until 1200

2 February destroyers DECOY and DEFENDER in the AM

11 February destroyer ACTIVE in AM; destroyer VIDETTE in PM

12 February destroyer VIDETTE in AM; destroyer VORTIGERN in PM

13 February destroyer VORTIGERN in PM

15 February destroyer VIDETTE

16 February destroyer VIDETTE in AM; destroyer DOUGLAS in PM

17 February destroyer DOUGLAS

18 February destroyer DOUGLAS in AM; destroyer WISHART in PM

19 February destroyer WISHART

20 February destroyer WISHART

22 February destroyer WISHART in PM

24 February destroyer WISHART in AM

25 February destroyer VELOX in AM

27 February destroyer VELOX in PM

28 February destroyer VELOX in AM; destroyer WISHART in PM

_____

 

Submarine PROTEUS departed Hong Kong at the end of February to patrol off the Soviet Far Eastern port of Vladivostok in the Pacific. The patrol ended in March after which no more were carried out.

_____

 

German pocket battleships LTZOW (former DEUTSCHLAND) and ADMIRAL SCHEER were re-classified as heavy cruisers and the former warship type abandoned.

_____

 

At the end of February, the following destroyers were all under repair ACHERON at Portsmouth, AFRIDI at Hartlepool, ANTELOPE at Cowes, ARROW at Portsmouth, ARDENT at Plymouth, ASHANTI at Cowes, BEDOUIN at Wallsend, BROKE at Plymouth, CAMPBELL at Plymouth, CODRINGTON at Southampton, DUNCAN at Grangemouth, ECHO at Leith, ESKIMO at Southampton, FEARLESS at Plymouth, GARLAND at Malta, GLOWWORM at Hull, GREYHOUND at Hull, HASTY at Plymouth, HAVANT at Plymouth, HAVOCK at Chatham, HERO at Portsmouth, HUNTER at Falmouth, HYPERION at Portsmouth, ILEX at Rosyth, ISIS at Falmouth, JACKAL at Blyth, JERSEY at Hull, KEPPEL at Malta, KIPLING at Tyne, MALCOLM at Cardiff, MAORI at Clyde, MASHONA at Chatham, MATABELE at Plymouth, PUNJABI at Clyde, SABRE at Grangemouth, SALADIN at Plymouth, SOMALI at Middlesbrough, THRACIAN at Hong Kong, WARWICK at Liverpool, WESSEX at Milford Haven, WHITEHALL at Plymouth, WITHERINGTON at Liverpool, WOOLSTON at Rosyth, WREN at Plymouth, WRESTLER at Malta, ZULU at Leith and Polish GROM at Chatham.

 

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