Events - April-May 1940
Norway, Battles of Narvik, Blitzkrieg on Western
Europe, Dunkirk evacuation starts
1736 Submarine TAKU (Lt Cdr V. J. Van Der Byl) attacked
PALIME (2863grt) and PELIKAN (3264grt) escorted by
torpedo boats MOEWE and
KONDOR in the North Sea, sixty miles off Tyboroen in
steamers were undamaged and later arrived at Stavanger
on the 9th, but torpedo boat
MOEWE was severely damaged in the stern.
MOEWE was towed by torpedo boat KONDOR to Wilhelmshaven
and was repairing until
ten hour counterattack, TAKU was forced to return to
Rosyth arriving on
HEREWARD, JANUS departed Scapa Flow
at 0500 with light cruiser BIRMINGHAM for Rosyth.
(D.5) and KIMBERLEY
departed Greenock at 0845 with all dispatch
for Rosyth to join a force of eight destroyers on duty
on the East Coast.
forestall anticipated German landings on Iceland, armed
merchant cruiser CALIFORNIA and armed boarding vessels
KINGSTON PERIDOT (356grt), KINGSTON JACINTH (356grt),
NORTHERN DUKE (655grt)
operated off the Icelandic coast.
vessels KINGSTON ONYX
(357grt) and KINGSTON
TURQUOISE (356grt) joined armed merchant cruiser
CALIFORNIA on the 13th off Iceland and armed boarding
II (1062grt) arrived off the east coast of Iceland on
Operation FORK, heavy cruiser BERWICK and light cruiser
destroyers FORTUNE and FEARLESS departed Greenock at
0430 for Reykavik where
they arrived on the 10th to land a detachment of Royal
troops landing was completed at 0700/10th and the FORK
Reykavik at 1900/10th.
cruisers searched for eastern fjord for German activity
and took on board all
German nationals for transport to England.
destroyers were detached at 1500/11th and arrived at
Scapa Flow at 1010/12th.
and GLASGOW arrived at Liverpool
on the 12th.
BERWICK was refitting at Liverpool
until the beginning of
was refitting from 14 May to 1 July 1940.
GLASGOW departed Liverpool on 7 July.
DEVONSHIRE departed Scapa Flow at 1400 to return to
and VOLUNTEER met the heavy cruiser at 2045/10th. They
Tromso at 2255.
refuelled from the heavy cruiser at Tromso that night.
destroyers were involved in anti-submarine duties around
Tromso from 10 to 14
May. On 14 May, the destroyers were detachedto Vice
Admiral Air to escort the
aircraft carriers operating off northern Norway.
struck wreckage in Balangen Fjord and was badly damaged.
were wrecked and her tiller flat was damaged. She was
towed to Skelfjord by
departed Skelfjord under tow for England on the 10th.
2200, destroyer SOMALI met a Norwegian fishing vessel,
en route to the Faroes
with twelve Norwegian Air Force officers. The boat was
given a boat's compass
and directed to the Shetlands.
Swordfish aircraft of 810 Squadron from aircraftcarrier
ARK ROYAL crashed
into the sea on landing. S/Lt W. G. Adams, S/Lt H.E.
H.Pain, Leading Airman
H.G. Edwards were picked up by destroyer MAORI.
Adams died of injuries incurred in the crash on 5 October 1940. Edwards was injured, but not seriously.
Jean Abrial was lent six Destroyers of Convoy C for the
defense of Belgium. This force was designated
"FA" and was dispatched in four sections.
1600/10th, destroyers VALENTINE and WINCHESTER departed
Dover for operations under
had arrived at Dover
on the 9th after escorting
11 May at 0600, destroyers VIMIERA and WESTMINSTER
and WOLSEY arrived at Dover from the north on the 12th.
Destroyer WHITLEY departed Dover for FA operations at
0445/13th, followed by WOLSEY on the 15th at 1600.
losses cut short the life of this unit. On 19 May at
"FA" was disbanded with VALENTINE and WHITLEY lost,
WESTMINSTER and WINCHESTER badly damaged. Only WOLSEY
and VIMIERA remained fit for further operations and were
ordered to the Dover
carried out a twenty four hour sweep within twenty miles
Belgian and Dutch coast as far north as Egmond.
contact was made.
SOUTHAMPTON was docked at Rosyth for repairs from 8 to
ALBERT (1745grt) and TYRA BRATT (1301grt) were seized by
forces at Stavanger.
BRATT was detained at Haugesand and her crew was
returned to Gotenburg.
The steamer was renamed NOGAT for German service.
departed Southend escorted by destroyer VIVACIOUS.
departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer VERSATILE from 8 to 10 May. The
convoy was dispersed on the 12th.
Convoy FN.166 departed Southend, escorted by armed patrol yacht
The convoy arrived in the Tyne on the 10th.
Convoy FS.166 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VALENTINE and sloop
WESTON. The convoy arrived at Southend on the 10th.
destroyers ALBATROS and VAUTOUR departed Brest escorting
liner PASTEUR to
St Nazaire, where the liner arrived that day.
destroyers returned to Brest,
arriving 1340/10th after
spending six hours in Quiberon Bay.
at 0900 escorted by Canadian
destroyers RESTIGOUCHE and ST LAURENT, which were
detached on the
destroyers turned the convoy over to ocean escort, armed
RANPURA and French submarine AJAX at 1800/8th.
armed merchant cruiser and submarine were detached on
and sloop ABERDEEN
joined on the 19th and
corvette CLARKIA on the 20th. The escort was detached on
the 23rd when the
convoy arrived at Liverpool.
INDOMPTABLE and MALIN passed Gibraltar en route from
Brest for Oran, where they arrived on the
DORIS was sunk by U.9 thirty miles west of Terschelling Bank in 53‑40N,
R. E. Westmacott, an observer on submarine DORIS, two
ratings were lost with the French crew on submarine
two SCISSORS landings during the night of 9/10 May.
8/9 May were cancelled due to fog.
and VETERAN arrived at
Mosjoen escorting British troopship ULSTER PRINCE
(3791grt) with 290
officers and men.
landings, at 1403/10th, destroyer JUNO was ordered to
leave ULSTER PRINCE and proceed to Scapa Flow at high
and troopship ULSTER PRINCE returning to the Clyde
called at Sullom Voe to
refuel on the 11th. They arrived at Greenock
conducted a reconnaissance of Ranenfjord on report of
and British troopship ROYAL SCOTSMAN (3244grt) arrived
at Bodo at
2000/9th with 290 men.
rejoined destroyer NUBIAN and troopship ROYAL SCOTSMAN
the 10th ferried the troops ashore in a SCISSORS
and NUBIAN then departed Bodo at 0200/10th with the
arrived at Scapa Flow at 2210/11th.
and the troopship arrived safely at Scapa Flow at
of 806 Squadron and six Blenheims of 254 Squadron
departed Hatston to
attack Bergen, where German training ship BREMSE was reported.
M. 134 was sunk with three dead by British bombing at
Bergen, but was later salved and
restored to service as patrol boat JUNGINGEN.
Blenheim of 254 Squadron was lost when it was struck by
flak. Observer Lt (A)
R. B. Nuthall and the two Coastal Command crew were lost
in the Blenheim.
Skuas were able to fly directly back to Hatston.
However, the other six had
to land at Sumburgh for fuelling. One Skua, flown by
Petty Officer Airman A.
Jopling, crashed arriving back at Sumburgh, but there
were no injuries. A
second Skua, flown by Probationary S/Lt (A) S. G. Orr
RNVR, was damaged by
shrapnel, but after repair at Sumburgh, returned to
Skua of 803 Squadron force landed near Grondalen in
Haugfjell. Midshipman C.
Treen and Naval Airman A. E. T. Goble were later picked
up by destroyer
operations from aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, a Swordfish
from 810 Squadron
crashed on take off. Lt A. W. Stewart, Midshipman G. T.
Airman H.W. V. Burt were picked up by a destroyer.
P. L. Atkinson was killed when his Walrus of 765
in the Solent.
ESK, INTREPID departed Scapa Flow
at 0500 to lay mines for
ZMC, minelaying in the North Sea off Helgoland,
then proceed to Immingham.
ROLAND, COBRA, PREUSSEN, KAISER laid minefield 16 west
escorted by German destroyers BEITZEN, SCHOEMANN,
HEINEMANN, torpedo boat
GREIF, Schnellboote S.30, S.31, S.32, S.33 of the 2nd
(Captain I. G. Glennie
aboard in command of the sweep) and destroyers HYPERION,
JANUS departed Rosyth at 0900 to attempt to intercept
this German force reported
off the Isle of Sylt in 56‑39N, 03‑37E in the North Sea.
destroyers KELLY (D.5), KIMBERLEY, KANDAHAR, HOSTILE
the BIRMINGHAM force. However, KIMBERLEY,
just arriving from Greenock and short on fuel, was later
detached for refuelling at Rosyth. After refuelling,
KIMBERLEY went to Sheerness and
arrived at 2120/10th.
FURY, BULLDOG, GALLANT departed Scapa Flow at 0630 to
battlecruiser REPULSE and light cruisers SHEFFIELD and
MANCHESTER for gunnery trials east of Pentland Firth.
The light cruisers departed
at 0900, but returned at 1020.
force returned to Scapa Flow and the destroyers, joined by destroyer MOHAWK,
were sent at 1200 to operate in coordination with the
Rosyth units. These
destroyers were to proceed to 57-21N, 2-33E to intercept
six German motor
torpedo boats and sink them before joining light cruiser
made a submarine contact,
KELLY and KANDAHAR
were detached to hunt down
the contact. Destroyer BULLDOG, which lost touch with
her group, later joined
2230, destroyer KELLY was torpedoed and badly damaged by
German S.31 in 56‑48N,
05‑09E in the North Sea. Twenty seven ratings were killed and
Commissioned Engineer E. W. Cole was wounded. KELLY was
taken in tow by
0010/10th, German S.33 in heavy fog collided with
destroyers BULLDOG and
KELLY, glancing off both ships and doing no further
damage to them, but badly
damaging herself. She was able to return to
0700/10th, destroyer KELLY in tow of destroyer BULLDOG
was in 56-56N, 4-05E
and proceeding at five knots. Destroyers KANDAHAR, FURY,
escorting the two destroyers.
daylight on the 10th, destroyer KELLY's wounded were
transferred to destroyer KANDAHAR.
SHEFFIELD and MANCHESTER
departed Scapa Flow at 0330/10th to provide a
screen for damaged destroyer KELLY. The cruisers joined
KELLY at 1400.
0926/10th, light cruiser BIRMINGHAM
and destroyers HYPERION,
HEREWARD, HAVOCK, HOSTILE, FORESIGHT, KIMBERLEY came
under the Command of
Commander in Chief, Nore. They were ordered to proceed
They later arrived at Harwich on the 10th.
Hudsons of 233 Squadron provided cover for the KELLY
KANDAHAR departed the KELLY screen at 0410/11th and
arrived at Rosyth to refuel and land the wounded at
0400/11th. She departed
at 1820 that day and rejoined KELLY.
11 May, Commander Cruiser Squadron 18 requested a tug
for destroyer KELLY as
destroyer FURY could not tow the destroyer faster than
three knots and
Aircraft had reported two German submarines in the area.
SHEFFIELD and MANCHESTER
departed the screen at
1609/11th and arrived at Rosyth that evening.
0500/12th, tugs WATERMEYER (621grt) and BRAHMAN (230grt)
BULLDOG of the tow at 0645.
in tow of tugs WATERMEYER and BRAHMAN, KANDAHAR, FURY,
arrived in the Tyne at 1730/13th.
had been in tow for ninety one hours.
was repairing in the Tyne at Hebburn until 18
(Rear Admiral 1st Anti-air
Craft Squadron) after refuelling departed Sullom Voe on
the 9th for Bogen
where she arrived on the 14th.
her arrival, anti-aircraft cruisers CAIRO and CALCUTTA
departed Skelfjord for
Rosyth for refuelling and ammunition.
departed Greenock at 1700 for Liverpool
for boiler cleaning.
was formed from convoys OA.143GF, which departed
Southend on the 6th,
escorted by corvette ARABIS from 6 to 8 May, OB.143GF,
Liverpool on the 6th, escorted by destroyer VIMY and
sloop DEPTFORD from 6 to
9 May, fromwith fifty six ships.
role was the first use of the new Flower corvettes in an
was detached to convoy HG.29 F.
escorted the convoy from 10 to 14 May.
and corvette PERIWINKLE escorted the convoy on the 9th
and then were
detached to convoy HG.29 F. The convoy arrived at
Gibraltar on the 14th.
of steamers BARON CARNEGIE, GLENLEA, ILVINGTON COURT,
KUFRA (Commodore), LOTTIE
R, RONAN departed Bristol Channel
escorted by destroyer
VESPER. The convoy arrived at Loire on the 11th.
of two steamers arrived at St Malo from Southampton.
Convoy FN.167 departed Southend, escorted by sloop LONDONDERRY.
The convoy arrived at the Tyne on the 11th.
Convoy MT.66 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers VIVIEN and
VIMIERA. The convoy included two Danish steamers under
armed guard. The convoy
arrived the next morning.
Convoy FS.167 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN. The convoy was
recalled when it was thought there were mines being laid
in the channel.
and CHEVALIER PAUL departed Greenock escorting steamers
FLANDRE, PRESIDENT DOUMER, PROVIDENCE. The convoy
arrived at Brest on the 11th.
EAGLE departed Singapore after completing repairs and
refit. EAGLE called at Colombo
on 14 to 17 May.
aircraft carrier arrived at Aden on the 22nd and
that evening, accompanied by light cruisers GLOUCESTER,
LIVERPOOL, SYDNEY. On 23 May, light
cruiser HOBART relieved light cruiser LIVERPOOL and on
the 24th, both HOBART and GLOUCESTER were detached.
EAGLE departed Port Said
on the 27th for duty with
the Mediterranean Fleet and arrived at Alexandria,
escorted by destroyers
HEREWARD and HERO.
31 departed Freetown
escorted by armed mechant
CASTLE until 23 May.
23 May, destroyer WINCHELSEA, sloop DEPTFORD, corvette
PERIWINKLE joined the
convoy and escorted it to arrival on the 28th.
CORRIENTES (4565grt), used for refuelling German
submarines, at Las Palmas
was sunk by French divers.
this date, of the surviving ten German destroyers, seven
defects and damages in Germany.
on the 7th, destroyer JACOBI departed Trondheim and
arrived at Wilhelmshaven on the 9th for repairs and
with serious defects did not
leave until 8 June to return to Wilhelmshaven.
destroyer SCHOEMANN was operational and capable of duty.
operation WILDENTE, German troops from Trondheim were
embarked on the
Norwegian coastal steamer NORDNORGE (991grt), manned by
destroyers JACOBI and RIEDEL.
were landed at Ranfjord on the 10th and their presence
capture of Mosjoen by German troops.
only British warships in a position to intercept were
escorting convoy NS.2 fifty
miles to seaward, destroyer ZULU at Skelfjord.
the time, destroyer ZULU arrived at 2050, the 300 German
troops had been completely
disembarked at Hemnes. However, ZULU was able to sink
NORDNORGE (991grt) at
Hemnesberget in Ranfjord with all the supplies for the
German troops aboard.
soon arrived and
participated in the British bombardment of the village.
Hemnes was set afire
and the petrol stores were blown up.
embarked the survivors of No. 3 Platoon of No. 1
which had been holding the village before the German
British Harstad Force at this time was composed of
light cruisers AURORA (damaged), EFFINGHAM, ENTERPRISE,
anti-aircraft cruisers CAIRO, COVENTRY, CURLEW, various
a German air raid on Skelfjord, light cruiser PENELOPE
was damaged by splinters
from near misses and destroyer VANSITTART was hit by a
small bomb putting her
after guns out of action.
light cruiser had Paymaster Cdr W. A. Sharp and four
ratings killed in the
attack. Destroyer VANSITTART lost S/Lt C. C. Butt and
Midshipman A. B. Meria RNR and Lt Cdr W. Evershed and
S/Lt D. C. S. Currey were wounded.
2237/10th, light cruiser PENELOPE departed Skelfjord
towed by tug BANDIT
was Destroyer ISIS, which had damaged propellers, under
the tow of
tug BUCCANEER (840grt). British steamer LOCHEE (964grt)
and tanker BRITISH
VALOUR (6952grt) proceeded in this convoy.
and WITCH and anti-submarine trawler ST LOMAN (565grt)
protection for the convoy. The convoy was taken under
German air attack on
the 10th and anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY joined the
support. Following this duty, anti-aircraft COVENTRY
arrived in the Lofotens on
was also with the convoy on
the 10th after she had dealt with the German steamer
NORD NORGE at Ranfjord.
in Vestfjord at 1100/11th, destroyer ESCORT was detached
to join the
joined the convoy on the 11th from Hemnes.
0600/14th, light cruiser PENELOPE, destroyer ISIS, tugs
BUCCANEER and BANDIT,
destroyers ZULU, ESCORT, WITCH, tanker BRITISH VALOUR,
anti-submarine trawler ST LOMAN were in 62-45N, 4-40W.
departed Scapa Flow at 1222/14th to relieve destroyer ZULU.
was detached to refuel at Sullom Voe and arrived at
departed to join at 1030/14th.
refuelled at Scapa Flow arriving at 0430/15th. She departed to rejoin
the convoy at 0730/15th.
ships all safely arrived at the Clyde late on the 16th.
2100/16th, light cruiser PENELOPE under tow of tug
BANDIT with destroyers
ACASTA and ESCORT arrived at Greenock.
2369/16th, destroyers CAMPBELL, WITCH, ISIS under tow of
tug BUCCANEER arrived
1300/18th, destroyer ISIS departed the Clyde under the
tow of tug
BUCCANEER and escorted by destroyer WITCH. They safely
arrived at Falmouth on the 20th.
was detached to Plymouth
to boiler and repair
arriving at 1810/21st.
was under repair until 13 June when she was taken to
Plymouth repairing until 12
COLOMBIE (13,931grt), MEXIQUE (12,220grt), CHENONCEAUX
ST FIRMIN (4528grt), British steamers BELLEROPHON
(7350grt), tanker BRITISH LORD (6098grt) escorted by
ELECTRA, ILEX departed Narvik during the forenoon for
arrival in North Channel, destroyer ILEX took tanker BRITISH LORD to Liverpool.
0700/17th, the British steamers and French steamer ST
FIRMIN with destroyer
ELECTRA arrived at Greenock.
French destroyer and the French steamers proceeded ahead
of the convoy from
70N, 10E and proceeded to return to France.
BRESTOIS and BOULONNAIS and destroyer WITHERINGTON
Flow at 0600 escorting British steamers MONARCH OF
BERMUDA (22,424grt) and
EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA (19,665grt), French steamer VILLE
French tanker LOT to the Clyde, where they arrived at
and HAVANT departed Scapa Flow at 2330 for Aberdeen
to escort British steamers
LOCHNAGAR (1619grt), HORSA (979grt), MACCLESFIELD
rendezvous was made off Aberdeen
at 0500/11th. All the ships
arrived safely at Lerwick at 0025/12th.
was diverted to the Clyde, where she arrived at 2230/12th.
was to wait to escort cable ship MONARCH to Scapa Flow.
0815/13th, destroyer HASTY and the cable ship arrived at
Scapa Flow from Lerwick.
CHROBRY (11,442grt) with destroyers SOMALI and ESCORT
and FORESIGHT arrived at the Humber to refuel at 2140.
departed Scapa Flow at 2330/10th for aircraft carrier escort. She
arrived in the Clyde at 1530/11th.
BLYSKAWICA and BURZA and destroyer GRAFTON departed
2159 for Scapa Flow arriving at 1820/12th.
steering gear was out of order. She was towed by tug
alongside depot ship WOOLWICH.
boiler cleaned from depot ship WOOLWICH before departing
Scapa Flow at 1500/16th for Harwich.
PRESTON NORTHEND, escorting oiler ATHOL EMPRESS to Cape
Wrath, attacked a submarine
contact in 58-48N, 03-48W.
RUBIS, which departed Harwich on the 3rd, laid mines on
the 10th in
minefield FD.14 south of Egersund in 58‑21N, 06‑01E.
VANSO (54grt) on the 26th was lost on this minefield.
ALMORA (2433grt) was damaged on 7 July.
KEM (1706grt) was sunk on the minefield on 24 July, but
was later raised and repaired.
ARGO (412grt) was sunk on 28 July.
arrived at Dundee on the 14th.
Convoy FN.168 departed Southend. The convoy arrived at the Tyne
on the 12th.
Convoy FN.167 had departed the Tyne,
escorted by destroyer
VIVIEN on the 9th, but was forced to return due to
suspected mining. The
destroyer was replaced by sloop EGRET. The convoy
arrived at Southend on the
Convoy TM.66 arrived at Rosyth, escorted by destroyers VIVIEN and
and DEFENDER departed Aden and joined Australian troop
convoy US.2 as it entered the Red Sea
on the 12th.
merchant cruiser ATLANTIS laid mines off Cape Algulhas,
near Capetown, South Africa.
minefield was discovered by South African minesweeping
(261grt) before any damage was done.
passed Gibraltar on the 5th, escorted by destroyers DOUGLAS and
VORTIGERN, which were relieved by destroyers VELOX,
VORTIGERN, KEPPEL. On the
7th, she departed Malta
escorted by Australian
destroyers VENDETTA, VOYAGER, WATERHEN.
the 10th, battleship WARSPITE arrived at Alexandria. Her
destroyer escort was
detached for patrol as she entered harbour and arrived
later in the day.
Andrew Cunningham rehoisted his flag on WARSPITE on the
the arrival of WARSPITE and subsequent heavy
and BRETAGNE, under the command of Contre
Amiral Bouxin, which had arrived on the 3rd, returned to
Mer el Kebir in the
third week of May.
invaded Holland, Belgium,
EXPRESS, INTREPID of the 20th Destroyer Flotilla were at
minefield ZMC off Heligoland.
their return to Humber, they were ordered to join minelayer PRINCESS VICTORIA which was
being escorted by patrol sloops PUFFIN, SHELDRAKE,
WIDGEON en route to lay
mines off Egmond near Ijmuiden.
destroyers relieved the patrol sloops and the minefield,
under operation CBX,
was successfully laid at 2107 in a 6.06 mile line 280°
from 52‑33N, 6‑28E.
minelayer and destroyers were back in the Humber at
12 May, destroyers ESK, EXPRESS, INTREPID laid another
BS 3, off the Dutch coast.
night of 14/15 May, destroyers ESK, EXPRESS, INTREPID
PRINCESS VICTORIA laid minefield BS 4 off the Dutch
ARETHUSA and GALATEA departed the Nore to support naval
off Holland. Destroyers KEITH and BOREAS departed Dover
at 0840 to provide escort
for the cruisers.
and most of the destroyers
which departed Rosyth and Scapa Flow on the 9th were still at sea and operated off
came under the command of the Commander in Chief Nore at
this force, including MOHAWK, bombarded the Dutch coast
to prevent German
gliders from landing on the flat beaches.
was near missed in German bombing in the North Sea off
the Dutch coast and
later required repair from the damage when her rudder
destroyers of the 1st, 5th, 7th Destroyer Flotillas to
join the Nore Command.
The destroyers of the 2nd, 4th, 8th Destroyer Flotillas
were to be released
and VERITY were recalled from patrol to embark
for the Dutch ports.
with the demolition party
XD.A (commanded by Cdr M. G. Goodenough) of 158 naval
ratings and sappers for
the locks at Ijmuiden
and the oil reserves at Amsterdam.
numerous air attacks at Ijmuiden,
destroyer WHITSHED was
damaged by near misses and set afire. Four ratings were
killed and one
officer and seven ratings were wounded. She departed
Ijmuiden that night for Dover, arriving at 0530/11th.
was repaired alongside depot ship SANDHURST in twenty
Operation XD, departing Dover at 1200/10th were
destroyers VERITY carrying
demolition party XD.C (Cdr P. G. L. Cazalet) for the
port of Flushing, WILD
SWAN with XD.B (Cdr J. A. C. Hill) for the Hook of
Holland, BRILLIANT with XD
D.(Cdr A. C. Stanford) for Antwerp.
and BRILLIANT arrived at Flushing
at 1620. Destroyer BRILLIANT
proceeded on to Antwerp.
departed Flushing at 0545 arrived back at Dover
at 1110/11th. Destroyers
WILD SWAN and BRILLIANT remained at their ports to
support the evacuations.
afternoon of 11 May, destroyer WILD SWAN bombarded a
wooded area to the
east of Hook
SWAN and BRILLIANT arrived back at Dover at 2130/12th.
at sea was ordered to land a party for the demolition of
the port of Rotterdam.
of Holland, the commercial seaport of Rotterdam,
was a Dutch airfield at
Waalhaven that the Germans were striving to overrun at
the start of the
VAN GALEN, returning from the East Indies, had arrived
in the Downs on the 5th from Lisbon. She continued on
for Rotterdam arriving on the 8th for a refit at Den
Helder. The Dutch destroyer was
sunk by German bombing as she arrived to bombard the
and HAVOCK of the BIRMINGHAM force from Harwich and WILD
SWAN and WIVERN from Dover
were ordered on the 11th to Rotterdam to assist in
Germans and neutralizing the airfield at Waalhaven.
redeployed off Hook of Holland in view of VAN GALEN's fate and German air supremacy
in the area.
addition to the destroyers detached from the Home Fleet,
for operations in the southern North Sea, fast escort
ship VIVIEN of Convoy C
was detached from the Rosyth Command, destroyers VIMY,
WALPOLE, WINDSOR, VESPER, VIVACIOUS, VENETIA came from
Approaches Flotillas to come under the command of the
Commander in Chief Nore
by 10 May.
had arrived as an escort for
an outbound convoy, but she was retained for operations
in the North Sea. The destroyer departed Dover at
0400/11th for Harwich.
of the 11th Destroyer Flotilla departed Liverpool on the
VERSATILE of the 11th Destroyer Flotilla departed
Liverpool on the 8th. Destroyers
WINDSOR of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla and VESPER of the
Flotilla departed Plymouth
on the 8th. Destroyers WESSEX of the 17th Destroyer
Flotilla and WALPOLE of the 11th Destroyer Flotilla
departed Plymouth on the 9th.
and VENETIA were already at Sheerness on the 10th.
and WINDSOR arrived at Dover at 1925/11th.
VESPER, WALPOLE, WESSEX,
WOLSEY arrived at Dover on the 12th.
few days, destroyers CODRINGTON, GALLANT, GRIFFIN,
VALOROUS, VEGA, VANESSA, VERITY also came under his
(Captain G. E. Creasy, D.1) departed Scapa Flow at
0910/10th and arrived at
0750/11th at Dover
to join the Nore Command.
she departed at 1420/11th for Ijmuiden to evacuate Dutch
Juliana and her family to England on the 12th.
GRIFFIN departed Rosyth and arrived at Dover
at 1136/11th to join the
departed Dover at 1420/11th for operations
off the Dutch coast.
departed Scapa Flow for Dover
on the 9th.
after working up on the 14th
and arrived at Sheerness on the 15th.
was refitting at Plymouth
and did not participate.
was on North Goodwins patrol.
COTE D'AZUR (3047grt) departed Dunkirk, escorted by
FOUGUEUX, FRONDEUR, INCOMPRISE, BRANLEBAS. The escort
was joined by
destroyers BOUCLIER and MELPOMENE. The steamer arrived
at Flushing 11 May.
PINTAIL escorting Submarine TIGRIS passed Dover
arrived at Dundee after patrol.
L.26, H.28, H.44, H.49, H.50 were ordered to depart the
Downs to patrol off the Dutch
and L.26 departed on the 10th escorted by armed yacht
(266grt) for patrol.
11 May, H.28, H.44, H.49, H.50 departed the Downs
escorted by sloop FOXGLOVE
BOSCHDIJK (6872grt) was sunk by German bombing at
CALAISIEN (202grt) was sunk by German bombing in Calais
HENRY WOODALL (625grt) was sunk by mining three miles
crew and one gunner were lost with the steamer. The
survivors were picked up
by Estonian steamer VIIU (1908grt), which was sunk
herself the next day.
(4541grt) was sunk in mining
of the Dutch sloop VAN KINSBERGEN captured German
(7915grt), VANCOUVER (8269 tons, HENRY HORN(3164 tons ),
PATRICIA ( 3979 tons
), FRISIA ( 561 tons ), KARIBIA ( 428 tons ), ALEMANIA (
1380 tons ) at
guarding Mosjoen (brought there on the 2nd by destroyer
cut off German troops.
troops embarked on a Norwegian coastal steamer and
headed down Vefsenfjord to
Sandessjoen where destroyers JAVELIN and JACKAL, which
departed Tjelsndet at
0700/11th for Scapa Flow, met them.
army commander Colonel Gubbins and 100 troops were
embarked on JACKAL while
the rest of the troops remained on the steamer which was
escorted to Bodo by
destroyers JACKAL and JAVELIN.
bombarded the German headquarters at Sund, above Hemnes.
troops with provisions and ammunition were landed at
Bodo at 1000/12th.
and JAVELIN arrived at Scapa Flow
duty, destroyers JACKAL and JAVELIN arrived at Rosyth on
the 15th en
route to the Humber.
arrived at Scapa Flow at 1130.
was ordered at 2004 to sail from Narvik at her best
She later departed Narvik for Scapa Flow
where she arrived at 1130/13th.
departed Scapa Flow at 1030/14th for boiler cleaning and repairs in the Clyde
where she arrived at
with base ship MASHOBRA and steamer CALUMET (7268grt)
was escorted by
light cruiser ENTERPRISE,
anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO, destroyer HESPERUS, sloop
(1578grt) joined the convoy
en route escorted by destroyers WOLVERINE and
was detached en route and arrived at Liverpool at
2130/11th. The convoy,
another of the SCISSORS landings, safely arrived at
Narvik during the morning
of 11 May.
META and destroyer WOLVERINE arrived independently
due to the steamer's slow speed.
anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO, destroyer HESPERUS, sloop
FLEETWOOD with storeship MARGOT (4545grt), which carried
four field guns and
a light anti-aircraft battery, departed Narvik at 1130
to land 320 troops at
Mo during the night of 11/12 May.
landed troops and supported
Mo on the 12th, destroyer HESPERUS, escorting store ship
was damaged by two near misses of air bombs.
left Narvik with a convoy, consisting of steamers MARGOT
SEPIA (6214grt), ULSTER MONARCH (3791grt), CHARLBURY
steamers CHATEAU PAVIE (2047grt) and BRESTOIS (3094grt),
(925grt), on the 15th for Dundee escorted by destroyers BASILISK, WOLVERINE,
HESPERUS and minesweeper HEBE.
gave anti-aircraft support until the convoy was seventy
of the coast.
after escorting submarine depot ship MAIDSTONE departed
the Clyde at 0500/21st to join the
21 May, HESPERUS was relieved by destroyer VANOC and
arrived on the 22nd for
repairs at Dundee completed in late June.
arrived at Plymouth
on 1 July for operations.
The convoy arrived in the Clyde at 1800/22nd with destroyers BASILISK, VANOC,
WOLVERINE and steamers MARGOT, SEPIA,
ULSTER MONARCH, BRESTOIS,
CHARLBURY, CHATEAU PAVIE.
Skuas of 806 Squadron departed Hatston escorted by three
Blenheims of 254
Squadron to attack fuel tanks near Bergen. No aircraft
raid was repeated the next day by six Skuas of 806
Squadron, again escorted
by three Blenheims of 254 Squadron. They were to attack
an enemy transport,
escorted by torpedo boats. The target was located in
65-05N, 5-20E, but no
damage was done. No aircraft were lost.
YORK and light cruisers MANCHESTER
and SHEFFIELD at Rosyth were placed at the
disposal of the Commander in Chief Nore for operations
in the southern North Sea should German cruisers
appear to support the German invasion.
arrived at Scapa Flow at 2210 from Bodo.
WALKER and BEAGLE departed Liverpool
at 0900 after boiler
cleaning. They arrived in the Clyde at 1730.
DANEMAN, WELLARD, BLACKFLY departed Scapa Flow for
STRATHDEVON, STHRATHDERRY, ELDORADO, NEWHAVEN, SANDWICK
command of Lt Cdr R. D. Fell arrived at Scapa Flow for
onward passage to Norway.
arrival in Norway,
the drifters were found to
be too large for the purpose intended. They were laid up
and Lt Cdr Fell
requisitioned ten Norwegian "puffers. "
departed Blyth on patrol.
arrived at Blyth after patrol.
ORZEL arrived at Rosyth after patrol.
11 May, light cruisers ARETHUSA, GALATEA, BIRMINGHAM and
BRILLIANT, VIMY, VALOROUS, GRIFFIN, HEREWARD, HYPERION,
MOHAWK, VENETIA, VIVACIOUS, WINDSOR, VERITY, VENOMOUS,
WILD SWAN were actively working off the Dutch coast.
for Dunkirk with the Dutch military
missions for Belgium
had been brought from Ijmuiden on light cruiser GALATEA
the 2nd Cruiser Squadron.
Ijmuiden, light cruiser ARETHUSA and destroyer BOREAS
met Dutch steamer IRIS (909grt), carrying gold from
destroyer KEITH met
incomplete Dutch cruiser HEEMSKERCK and Dutch steamer
carrying Dutch gold from Ijmuiden.
WARRIOR II later on the 11th relieved destroyer KEITH of
arrived in the Thames that evening and the next morning, IRIS went into Southend and
ARETHUSA and BOREAS to Sheerness.
and destroyers MOHAWK and
JANUS arrived in the Humber.
and WILD SWAN remained in the Hook of Holland overnight.
departed Hook of Hollland at 1330/11th and patrolled
the Hook and Ijmuiden
to deal with landings at
Scheveningen from German aircraft.
at 0415/11th with a British
miliary mission, which included Major General Heywood
and the British
Military Mission which had missed passage on destroyer
WILD SWAN, for Hook of Holland.
passage was covered by destroyers HYPERION and HAVOCK.
arrival, she was diverted to Flushing
where the mission was
landed. The destroyer arrived at Flushing
at 1200 and departed after
disembarkation at 1600.
then returned to Dover.
After refuelling, she
joined destroyer MALCOLM off the North Goodwins.
and WINCHESTER joined by French destroyers SIROCCO and
departed Dunkirk with French steamer COTE D'ARGENT
(3047grt) at 1030 and
arrived at Flushing at 1323.
Destroyers remained underway until dusk to give
protection to the Breskens - Flushing ferry.
WESTMINSTER and VIMIERA departed Dunkirk
with destroyers FOUGUEUX,
FRONDEUR, INCOMPRISE and sloop DLIGENTE at 1300 with
French storeships PAVON
(4128grt) and NEWHAVEN (1888grt). Off Wandelar Light
Vessel, the destroyers
were detached to patrol off Nieuport. Destroyers
VALENTINE and WINCHESTER supported the store ships
the evening of 12 May, destroyers VALENTINE and
WINCHESTER departed Flushing to replenish at Dunkirk.
Destroyers WESTMINSTER and VIMIERA proceeded from
their Nieuport patrol to relieve them off Flushing.
and VERSATILE, after departing the Humber on the 11th,
British diplomatic personnel at Hook of Holland.
VEENDAM (15,450grt) and STATENDAM (28,291grt) were sunk
bombing at Rotterdam.
STELLA (2818grt) was sunk by German bombing at Flushing
PRINS WILLEM VAN ORANJE (1304grt) was badly damaged by
in 51‑26N, 03‑36E.
9 sank Estonian steamer VIIU (1908grt), which was
carrying the survivors of British
steamer HENRY WOODALL, off Westhinder Buoy and British
(1930grt) in 51‑21N, 02‑25E.
five survivors from the steamer VIIU. They were picked
anti-submarine trawler ARCTIC HUNTER ten miles east of
and the pilot were lost on the steamer TRINGA. Destroyer
SALLY (2533grt) was sunk on a mine in the Fairway north
at 2345/11th, destroyers VERITY and VENOMOUS arrived at
Hook of Holland
at 0515/12th on Operation HARPOON with a 200 man guard
for the protection of
the demolition party brought there by destroyer WILD
arriving on the 12th at Hook of Holland
were minesweeping trawlers
ARCTIC HUNTER (356grt) and ST MELANTE (358grt).
laid minefield FD.10 off Haugesand in 62‑58N, 06‑48E.
29 May, German auxiliary patrol boat Vp 1109 (trawler
ANTARES, 291grt) was
lost on this minefield.
2359, French submarine AMAZONE fired two torpedoes at
Submarine SHARK in
French submarine had mistaken submarine SHARK for
German. Both torpedoes
departed Southend. No escorts were listed.
departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer VANQUISHER from 11 to 13 May
of steamers ATLANTIC
COAST, BARON NAIRN (Commodore),
CAMEO, CITY OF LANCASTER,
DORSET COAST departed Loire with no escort. The convoy
arrived safely in Bristol Channel
on the 13th.
Convoy FS.168 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop FLAMINGO. The convoy arrived
at Southend on the 13th.
and WISHART arrived at Gibraltar,
escorting troopship ORONSAY
from Cherbourg with troops for the Gibraltar
invasion of Holland,
French troops on French
light cruiser PRIMAUGUET landed at Aruba to safeguard the oil facilities.
CARADOC and Canadian destroyer FRASER departed Kingston
at 1230/11th with two
companies of infantry and British steamer JAMAICA
PLANTER (4098grt) with
motor transport to be landed at Willemstad. Light
cruiser DESPATCH was
already off Willemstad
landing took place at the request of the Dutch Governor.
0500/12th, destroyers MOHAWK and JANUS were ordered to
patrol Brown Ridge.
grounded at Sheerness at 0940/12th. Destroyer WALPOLE
off and was later relieved by a tug.
proceeded to Sheerness and was repaired in one day.
1830, destroyers HYPERION and WILD SWAN departed the
Hook of Holland to patrol off the coast.
Destroyer HAVOCK had arrived there shortly before.
then departed to bombard German troops reported near
Hook of Holland. None were found and after
dusk, destroyer HAVOCK returned to Harwich.
Operation J, with Destroyers HYPERION and WINDSOR in
CODRINGTON arrived at Ijmuiden
at about 2100/12th.
Destroyer CODRINGTON embarked Dutch Princess Juliana and
her family and
evacuated them to Harwich.
was escorted back to Harwich by destroyers VIVACIOUS and
VENETIA. They arrived at 0800/13th.
arrived at Holland
and WINDSOR departed Ijmuiden at 0100/13th escorting
British steamer DOTTEREL (1385grt) carrying British
KIMBERLEY arrived at Flushing
during the forenoon of 12
May. She embarked the military mission at Flushing and
then proceeded to Ijmuiden.
KIMBERLEY departed Ijmuiden
torpedo boats MTB.22, MTB.24,
MTB.25 arrived at Ijmuiden at 2130/12th. The boats
operated from Ijmiuden on reconnaisance duties until 14
and BOREAS arrived at Dover after escort duty with the
2nd Cruiser Squadron.
ARETHUSA and GALATEA arrived at Sheerness.
for Dunkirk with ammunition for the FA
departed North Goodwins patrol for Hook of Holland to
relieve destroyer WILD
SWAN as Senior Naval Officer.
returning from Hook of Holland,
relieved destroyer WIVERN
on North Goodwins patrol.
returned to Dover.
departed Sheerness on the 11th to meet Dutch steamer
(1307grt) at Ijmuiden.
She arrived at 0015/12th
also to embark the Dutch Crown Princess, her family, 100
Ijmuiden, she was not able to locate the PERSEUS or the
Dutch Royal Family. Destroyer WHITLEY departed
at 0330/12th and returned to
and WINDSOR departed Dover
at 0500 to meet destroyers
VIVACIOUS and VENETIA from Harwich off Maas Light Vessel to operate off the Dutch coast.
BOREAS, WIVERN, WOLSEY departed Dover at 2000 for Hook
of Holland with British steamers CANTERBURY (2910grt)
and MAID OF
ORLEANS (2386grt) with a composite battalion of guards
for the port.
ROEK (1041grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑54N, 04‑21E in
the Nieuwe Waterweg west of Rotterdam.
and thirty one refugees were rescued.
VAN RENSSELAER (4241grt) with 150 refugees on board was
on a mine near the south pier at Ijmuiden. She was
beached to prevent
survivors were landed at Ramsgate from Dutch steamer
JOHAN DE WITT
(10,474grt) on the 14th.
ST DENIS (2435grt) was sunk by a mine in the river
between Hook and Rotterdam partially blocking the
PRINSES JULIANA (2908grt), carrying troops from Flushing
to Ijmiuden, was sunk by
German bombing off Hook of Holland.
WILD SWAN and
HAVOCK rescued her survivors
and JAGUAR arrived at Scapa Flow
at 2100 from Narvik.
and ANTELOPE arrived at Greenock
commenced repairs to minor defects and boiler cleaning.
(A) A. S. Downes and Lt R. W. Little in a Swordfish of
operating from Bircham Newton, shot down in a raid on
Both were returned unhurt on the 14th.
departed Southend escorted by destroyer WESSEX and
corvette ARABIS. The
corvette was later detached to convoy HX.40.
departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer SALADIN from 12 to 14 May.
Convoy FN.169 departed Southend, escorted by sloop WESTON. The convoy
arrived at the Tyne on the 14th.
Convoy MT.67 departed Methil, escorted by escort ship VASCAMA and
subsequently by sloop GRIMSBY.
Sloop GRIMSBY was then relieved by sloop AUCKLAND and
GRIMSBY returned to Rosyth.
The convoy arrived later that day.
Convoy FS.169 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop AUCKLAND.
. The convoy arrived at
Southend on the 14th.
were embarked on British assault landing craft landing
Ballangen for the assault on Bjervik in Herjangsfjord.
The remainder of the
1500 troops involved were embarked on the Light cruisers
tanks and two mechanized landing craft landing craft to
take the tanks ashore
were carried on battleship RESOLUTION. A fifth tank in a
more modern LC went
under its own power.
landing craft had arrived at Harstad on 27 April on
British steamer EMPIRE
addition, repair ship VINDICTIVE, net layer PROTECTOR,
(Captain E. B. K. Stevens, D.9), which carried a French
mortar battery on her
forecastle, SOMALI, FAME, BASILISK, WREN accompanied the force.
ARK ROYAL provided air support for this operation.
force departed Ballangen late on the 12th and the troops
were landed on the
13th and Bjervik was captured.
naval ships were dispersed at 0600/13th. Light cruiser
EFFINGHAM proceeded to
FURIOUS escorted by destroyers IMPERIAL and VISCOUNT
departed the Clyde at 1100 for flying on of
hours later, Aircraft carrier GLORIOUS escorted by
destroyers DELIGHT and
DIANA departed the Clyde, but both groups were recalled at 1415 to the Clyde.
the Clyde on patrol escorted by
anti-submarine trawler NORWICH CITY (541grt).
departed Blyth and PORPOISE and TETRARCH departed Rosyth on
patrol. PORPOISE conducted minelaying operation FD.11 on
BOTHNIA (1488grt) was damaged by German bombing in the
INDUS (729grt) was seized by
German forces at Bergen.
28 May, she was renamed METZ
for German service.
EROS (2151grt) after the crew left the ship was seized
forces at Bergen.
28 May, she was renamed ILLKIRCH for German service.
KATHE JURGENSEN (346grt) was sunk on a mine near Lubeck.
was formed from convoys OA.145G, which departed Southend
on the 10th
escorted by destroyers WHITEHALL
and WINCHELSEA, OB.145G,
which departed Liverpool on the 10th, of fifty ships. The convoy was escorted
by destroyer WHITEHALL
and WINCHELSEA from 12 May.
was detached on the 12th and
destroyer WINCHELSEA on the 13th. The convoy was
escorted by French sloop LA
CURIEUSE and patrol vessel JUTLAND from 13 to 18 May.
SNAKEFLY escorted the convoy near Gibraltar. The convoy
arrived at Gibraltar on the 18th.
departed Gibraltar with forty two ships. The convoy was escorted by
French destroyer JAGUAR and auxiliary patrol vessel
MINERVE from 12 to 18
May. The destroyer arrived at Brest
on the 18th and the patrol
vessel at Lorient
on the 19th.
and LEITH from convoy OGF 30 escorted the convoy from 18 to 21 May. The convoy
arrived at Liverpool on the 21st.
formerly with convoy OG.28F, departed Gibraltar for
CANARIAS, ALMIRANTE CERVERA, NAVARRA and destroyers
ANTEQUERA, CISCAR, ULLOA, GRAVINA passed Gibraltar en
route from Cadiz for
at 0900 escorted by Canadian
destroyers RESTIGOUCHE and SKEENA, which were detached on the 13th.
destroyers turned over the convoy to ocean escort Armed
merchant cruiser LACONIA at 1814/13th. The armed
merchant cruiser was detached on the 24th.
24 May, sloop ROCHESTER
and corvette GLADIOLUS
joined the convoy. The sloop ROCHESTER was detached on
The corvette remained with the convoy until its arrival
at Liverpool on the 28th.
convoy TC.4A departed Halifax at 1400 escorted by
destroyers ST LAURENT
and SAGUENAY. The convoy was composed of
troopships ANTONIA (13,867grt) and DUCHESS OF BEDFORD
carried 932 and 1559 troops, respectively.
was the ocean escort.
accidently collided with and sank Canadian Gate Vessel
No. 1 (trawler
YPRES, 440grt, Lt A. H.Cassivi RCNR) at Halifax as
REVENGE was setting out to
escort Canadian troop convoy TC 4 A.
were slightly injured in the vessel; no lives wee lost
eighteen man crew.
escorted by destroyers FIREDRAKE and FOXHOUND departed
Scapa Flow at
0800 with tankers OLEANDER (7048grt) and OIL PIONEER
CARMINSTER, French patrol boat BELFORT.
Clyde section had departed the day
before at 0200/12th escorted by destroyers WALKER and
BEAGLE with steamers
CYPRIAN PRINCE (1988grt), RUTLAND
(1437grt), DROMORE CASTLE (5242grt), GUNVOR MAERSK
COAST (625grt), HEILO (989grt),
(8882grt) joined the convoy in North Channel.
MARINA (9898grt) departed Stornoway with cargo that had
British steamer BALZAC (5372grt), which had run aground
on the 7th, joined in
and tanker ATHELSULTAN were detached to Scapa Flow.
Rosyth section departed Leith at 0800/12th escorted by destroyers HERO and
FOXHOUND. This convoy included British steamer
section was delayed due to REDCAR's slow speed.
was detached to arrive at Hoxa Gate at 0700/13th to
escort the Scapa Flow section.
the two sections rendezvoused, destroyer FOXHOUND was
detached to Greenock and arrived in the Clyde at
1100/14th. The convoy was
split for the passage into fast and slow sections at
fast convoy escorted by FIREDRAKE and WALKER consisted
of British tankers
OLEANDER and OIL PIONEER and steamers PEMBROKE COAST, CYPRIAN
PRINCE, DROMORE CASTLE, Norwegian MARINA, Danish GUNVOR
slow convoy was escorted by destroyer BEAGLE and two
and was composed of RUTLAND,
REDCAR, SARITA (5824grt), Norwegian
steamers HEILO, GRO (3825grt), INGERFIRE (3835grt).
destroyer HERO escorting the steamer REDCAR joined
Norwegian steamers GRO, INGERFIRE, SPICA (500grt)
from Kirkwall to join the convoy.
section was delayed by steamer REDCAR's
slow speed, but
rendezvoused with the convoy at 1900/13th. Destroyer
HERO was detached in 63N
on the 14th and proceeded to Plymouth.
and FIREDRAKE with steamers MARINA, DROMORE CASTLE,
GUNVOR MAERSK arrived at Harstad at 0700/17th. The rest
of the convoy
remained at sea to await orders.
departed Scapa Flow for Narvik with Polish troopships BATORY (14,287grt)
and SOBIESKI (11,030grt) and escorted by destroyers
DELIGHT and ANTELOPE and
French destroyer MILAN.
The convoy arrived at
2000/17th escorted by destroyers ANTELOPE, DELIGHT,
2300/13th, British steamer ROYAL ULSTERMAN (3244grt),
escorted by destroyer
MATABELE, arrived at Bodo and landed 290 troops in a
ships had departed the
Firth of Forth at 1900/10th.
on the 13th, battleship RESOLUTION, light cruiser
EFFINGHAM, repair ship
VINDICTIVE, destroyers HAVELOCK,
SOMALI, FAME, BASILISK, WREN, assisted by
aircraft from aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, bombarded
Narvik. This operation
was named OB.
reconnaisance, when the weather was too bad to land on
the ARK ROYAL, a
Skua of 800 Squadron forced landed south of Harstad in
the sea. Petty Officer
L. E. Burston and Naval Airman G. W. Halifax were picked
up by destroyer
second Skua of this operation force landed at Sandsoy,
north of Harstad. Lt
J. A. Rooper and Petty Officer W. Crawford were not
Swordfish of 810 Squadron from ARK ROYAL landed on a
forzen lake near Reisenvann.
S/Lt A. N. Dixon, Midshipman H.B. Dangerfield, Naval
Airman V. Labross were
unhurt. The plane was later taken to Harstad and
returned to the UK in French steamer ALBERT
LEBOUGNE. A second Swordfsish with Lt N. R.
Corbet-Milward, Captain K. L. Ford,
RM, Leading Airman J. Black force landed at Skaanland.
Swordfish of 820 Squadron force landed during a bombing
raid of Silvik.
Captain A. C. Newson, RM, Lt Cdr G. B. Hodgkinson and
Leading Airman R.
H.McColl were unhurt. A second Swordfish with Lt H.de G.
Hunter and Leading
Airman D. Smith force landed two miles south of Harstad.
JAGUAR, GRAFTON and Polish
destroyer BURZA departed Scapa Flow at 1030 for Harwich.
was detached en route to run
the D. G. range at Inchkeith.
departed Liverpool at 1145 after boiler cleaning for Harwich.
2036 a periscope was sighted by a shore battery at Holm
and at 2045 a report
of a crossing on the indicator loops outside the eastern
entrance to Scapa Flow.
and JAVELIN departed Scapa Flow at 2315 to patrol on the line Roseness to
AMAZON, ACASTA searched inside Scapa Flow near Water
Sound and Kirk
and JAVELIN attacked several contacts later determined
to be the wreck
of tanker DAGHESTAN sunk on 25 March.
0800/14th, all destroyers were ordered to return to
destroyer AMAZON patrolling to seaward.
EDDA (1652grt) was seized by German forces at Stavanger.
on patrol in the North Sea near Raudoy Island in 62-46N,
03-57W, at 1345
sighted German armed merchant cruiser WIDDER. Submarine
CLYDE fired sixty rounds from her
deck gun, but did not hit WIDDER. Merchant cruiser
WIDDER returned fire and
kept submarine CLYDE out of range until she could escape into a rain squall.
cruiser WIDDER arrived at Trondheim to avoid further
SATA and RUNSWICK
BAY departed Scapa Flow for the Harstad area. En
route, they assisted in the escort of a "Narvik convoy".
(Captain T. E. Halsey, D.16) departed Dover at 2330/12th
Hook of Holland at 0537/13th to relieve destroyer WILD
SWAN as senior naval
officer and take charge of the evacuation of that port.
Operation HARPOON, British steamers CANTERBURY (2910grt)
and MAID OF
ORLEANS (2386grt) escorted by destroyers KEITH, WOLSEY,
arrived at Hook of Holland early on the 13th.
steamers carried a composite battalion of Guards to
support the Royal Marines
in the port.
the force returned to Dover arriving on the 13th.
departed Dunkirk at 0330/13th for Nieuport.
WINCHESTER was detached six hours later to complete
replenishing ammunition brought to Dunkirk
by destroyer WHITLEY, which
had departed Dover
at 0400 and arrived at Dunkirk at 0700.
1430, destroyer WINCHESTER
departed Dunkirk to relieve destroyer WESTMINSTER as SNO
PERSEUS (1307grt), carrying bullion, departed Ijmuiden
at 0400 escorted by
escorted by destroyer VESPER, evacuated Queen Wilhelmena
of Holland from Hook of Holland at noon and took her to
arriving at 1700.
destroyers began the evacuation of Hook of Holland
evacuated the Dutch government, British, Belgian,
Norwegian legation staffs,
400 refugees from Hook of Holland
during the evening.
followed destroyer MOHAWK's turn at the pier.
while alongside the pier, was damaged by one bomb hit at
German bombing off Hook of Holland.
engine room was put out of action and the destroyer
could neither steer or
steam. Acting Gunner (T) G. L. Turner, Midshipman C. S.
T. Shiach RNR, five ratings were killed
and thirteen wounded on the destroyer. Destroyer
VERSATILE was towed away
from the jetty by destroyer MALCOLM and escorted by
Destroyer VERSATILE was taken in tow by destroyer JANUS
outside the harbour.
was later relieved by a rescue tug and a motor torpedo
with one engine working arrived at Sheerness at
1900/14th and was
repaired at Chatham
completing on 20 June.
last party of refugees was embarked on destroyer MALCOLM
at 2240/13th. These
were transferred to destroyer JANUS outside the harbour
and destroyer MALCOLM
returned to the Hook arriving at 0120/14th.
VIVIEN, MOHAWK arrived early the next morning from Hook
of Holland at Southend.
evacuated from Ijmuiden
the Dutch industrial
diamonds, brought from Amsterdam
to prevent their falling
into German hands.
Ijmuiden that evening were destroyers VIVIEN which
arrived back at Southend on the 14th and destroyer
arrived back at Dover
from Dunkirk at 0245.
departed again at 0430/14th with more ammunition for the
FA ships at Dunkirk and minesweeping gear for the minesweepers working
off the Dutch coast from Zeebrugge.
which had arrived during the evening of 12 May, departed
Dover for Dunkirk at 0445 with ammunition and
to operate with Force FA.
SWAN arrived at Dover
at 0700 from Hook of Holland with a broken propeller
blade on her starboard propeller.
SWAN departed Dover
at 1607/14th for Blackwall
for repairs completed on the 17th.
6th Mine Sweeping Flotilla was sweeping mines off the
operation, minesweeper HARRIER proceeded to Dover for
rest of the Flotilla proceeded to Harwich arriving at
PHRONTIS (6181grt) departed Ijmuiden on the 13th with
prisoners of war. She met her escort of two French
destroyers, but they
immediately went off on other duty.
proceeded unescorted to the Downs arriving on the 14th.
then proceeded to Dover
where the prisoners were
on the 13th, Dutch submarines O.23 and O.24 departed
had just begun her trials and had never dived, but both
safely arrived at Dover.
They arrived at Portsmouth on the 16th.
Convoy FN.170 departed Southend, escorted by sloop EGRET. The convoy
arrived at the Tyne on the 15th.
steamer CITY OF BRUSSELS (629grt) was
seized by German forces at Brussels.
GORM (2156grt) was sunk on a mine 1. 3 miles 20° from
the South Mole
Light at Zeebrugge.
BUSSUM (3636grt) was damaged by German bombing north of
Hinder Light Vessel. She was abandoned and French
torpedo boat BOUCLIER
rescued the survivors. BUSSUM was taken in tow by
minesweeper HARRIER, later
relieved by tug LADY BRASSEY.
HIRD (4950grt) was badly damaged at Dunkirk by German
bombing. She did
not depart Dunkirk
until 28 May and was
constantly bombed in that period, but did not receive
any more significant
departed Gibraltar for Malta
to rejoin the Mediterranean
VOLTA passed Gibraltar en route from Brest
to Oran, where she arrived on the
minesweeper VILLE DU BIZERTE (32grt) was sunk on a mine
near Cape Guardia in the Bizerte area.
at Hong Kong, submarine GRAMPUS departed Hong
Kong on 13 April, Singapore on 19 April, Colombo on 25
April, Aden on the 3rd, arriving at Suez on the 7th.
GRAMPUS then departed Alexandria
on the 9th and arrived at Malta on the 13th for duty
the Mediterranean Fleet.
night of 13/14 May, French submarine ACHILLE during an
attack approach on
two German transports near Lindesnes was near missed by five bombs dropped from a
13 to 16 May, U.38 refuelled from German tanker EGERLAND
FURIOUS and GLORIOUS departed the Clyde at 2130 escorted
destroyers DIANA, VETERAN, VISCOUNT, WITHERINGTON for
operations off Norway.
was recalled from an anti-submarine force at 1155/14th.
She departed Scapa Flow at 2200 to relieve
AURORA, anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY, destroyers FAME
and WREN bombarded Narvik.
(D.6) and French destroyer FOUDROYANT departed Harstad
for allied troops at Mo.
The ammunition was
destroyers operated in area of Bodo, Ranenfjord, Mo,
Hemnes during the day.
Destroyer FOUDROYANT bombarded German targets at Hemnes
ships returned towards Harstad early the next day.
CHROBRY (11,442grt) departed Tjelsundet for Bodo with
WOLVERINE and sloop STORK escorting and screened by
low level bombing attacks, troopship CHROBRY was hit by
two or three bombs at
2350/14th in 67‑40N, 13‑50E in Vestfjord and was badly
The troopship was set afire by the bombing and
were lost on the Polish troopship. Temporary Lt Cdr J.
D. Arrowsmith RNR, of VICTORY was lost on the
and sloop STORK took off the 1000 survivors and Aircraft
aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL scuttled the wreck midday on
survivors were returned to Harstad.
air combat off Skaanland near Tranoy, two Skuas of 803
Squadron from aircraft
carrier ARK ROYAL were lost.
W. P. Lucy DSO, Lt M. C. E. Hanson DSC, in one aircraft
were shot down and
lost. Lt T. E. Gray and Leading Airman A. G. Clayton ran
out of fuel and
force landed the other aircraft, but were rescued by
departed Scapa Flow at 1800 for Middlesbrough
arrived at 0700/15th.
departed Scapa Flow at 1500 for Plymouth
en route to Mediterranean
and JAVELIN departed Scapa Flow for Harwich.
departed Scapa Flow at 2130 with 1200 extra high explosive shells.
arrived at Plymouth
en route to duty with the
KANDAHAR departed the Tyne
at 1450 for Plymouth en route to duty in the
departed the Tyne at 1330 for Harwich for duty with the Commander in
departed Liverpool on the 13th and arrived at Dover
on the 14th.
destroyer GRENADE was entered the port at 0930, she
Anti-submarine trawler CAYTON WYKE (373grt), which had
just left Dover.
was not watertight above the water line and required
was done at Harwich. Boiler cleaning was also
accomplished during this
docking period, completing on the 25th.
and SIKH were detached from Vice Admiral Aircraft
arrived at Plymouth
for refitting at 1530/17th.
refitting, destroyer INGLEFIELD arrived back at Scapa
Flow at 2215 on 8 June.
for boiler cleaning. She was diverted en route to Scapa
Flow, where she arrived at 1400/16th.
cruiser MONTCALM and destroyers BRESTOIS and BOULONNAIS
departed the Clyde to return to Brest, arriving on the
with the Home Fleet to reassigned to duties with the
Nore Command the
the Nore Command,
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers CODRINGTON (D.1),
GRAFTON, GRENADE, GRIFFIN, GREYHOUND, BURZA.
(Destroyer BLYSKAWICA on completion of repairs from
depot ship WOOLWICH to
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers JACKAL, JAVELIN, JAGUAR.
(Destroyers JERVIS, JERSEY, JUPITER on completion of
repairs and refittings).
the Mediterranean Fleet,
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers HYPERION, HOSTILE,
(Destroyers HASTY and HERO temporarily attached).
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers ILEX and IMPERIAL.
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers NUBIAN and MOHAWK.
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers KANDAHAR, KHARTOUM,
Destroyer Flotilla, Destroyers JANUS and JUNO.
boat L'INCOMPRISE was bombed and damaged while
supporting the defense
of Bergen op Zoom, Holland.
efforts of troops ashore and of L'INCOMPRISE, French
CH.6, CH.9, CH.41, Bergen op Zoom fell to German forces.
the fighting progressed in Zuid Beveland towards
Walcheren, French destroyers FOUGUEUX
and FRONDEUR arrived on the 16th to support troops
ashore. They were joined
by destroyers WOLSEY and VIMIERA. The French destroyers
bombarded the Germans
advancing on South Beveland. The Destroyers do not appear to have opened fire.
CYCLONE and SIROCCO departed Dover on the 16th with
Bernhard and arrived on the 17th. During the forenoon of
17 May, the French
destroyers bombarded German troops. Destroyers WOLSEY
and VIMIERA provided
troops were withdrawn to Walcheren
and some three hundred more
arrived from Zuid Beveland. French Vice Amiral Charles
Platon was placed in
charge of the evacuation and before Walcheren fell on
the 18th, 1800 allied
troops were evacuated by French torpedo boats BOUCLIER,
arrived at Ijmuiden
at 0700/14th with messages.
1330/14th, destroyer HAVOCK entered Ijmuiden and soon
departed with some
refugees after disembarking an officer on a special
2200/14th, destroyer HAVOCK again entered Ijmuiden.
the 14th, destroyer VALENTINE embarked ammunition
brought to Dunkirk by destroyer WHITSHED.
WINCHESTER and WHITSHED departed Dunkirk
to join destroyer KEITH for
Operation ORDNANCE, evacuation of the Hook of Holland.
from Flushing were also ordered to
1115, destroyer WESTMINSTER
departed Flushing for the Hook of Holland. Destroyers
VIMIERA were actively engaging German aircraft while
patrolling off Flushing.
arrived back at Flushing from Dunkirk
at 2030 to take over duties
Operation ORDNANCE, destroyers KEITH (Captain D. J. R.
Simson, D.17), BOREAS
(Lt Cdr M. W. Tomkinson), BRILLIANT (Lt Cdr F. C.
Brodrick), VERITY (Lt Cdr
A. R. M. Black), WIVERN (Cdr W. C. Bushell), WOLSEY (Lt
Cdr C. H.Campbell)
at 0947 to evacuate troops
of Holland. They rendezvoused at sea off the Maas Light Vessel with destroyers
WHITLEY (Lt Cdr G. N. Rolfe), WHITSHED (Cdr E. R.
(Lt Cdr S. E. Crewe-Read)
which came up from Dunkirk.
destroyers joined Destroyers MALCOLM (Captain T. E.
Halsey, D.16, Senior
Naval Officer), VESPER (Lt Cdr W. F. E. Hussey),
WESTMINSTER (Lt Cdr A. A. C. Ouvry)
which were already at Hook of Holland
and the evacuation took
place as planned.
Blenheims and twelve Hurricanes operated in support.
was the first embarked and she departed at 1230/14th.
was damaged by near misses of German air bombing.
Destroyer VESPER was
repaired at Dover,
completing repairs on 3
sustained some damage from near misses of German bombs.
which departed Dover
at 0430/14th, evacuated 300
of the Guards Battalion, the Heywood Mission, consular
officials left Hook of Holland arrived at Dover at
ran into destroyer BRILLIANT's stern off the Hook of
destroyers were escorted by destroyer WINCHESTER as far
as the West Hinder
Buoy. They reached the Downs that evening and anchored for the night.
and BRILLIANT were repaired at Blackwall, completed on
17 June and 19
the damaged BOREAS and BRILLIANT, destroyer WINCHESTER
proceeded to Flushing.
arrived at Dover at 2357/14th with the first
load of evacuatees, the Marines landing party, the XD
Hook of Holland
demolition party, civilians, 150,000 pounds sterling in
diamonds on board
2230, the remaining 350 Guards were embarked at Hook of
Holland on destroyer VESPER.
block the Hook of Holland, torpedoes were to be fired at the North Breakwater
to silt up the harbour.
WIVERN, VERITY, WOLSEY were detached for this duty.
was damaged by the near miss of two air bombs with
Midshipman K. T.
Briggs RNR, Probationary Temporary S/Lt R. S. Brown RNVR, twenty
five ratings killed and thirty two wounded, including Lt
S. E. Pritchard.
fired one torpedo due to damage. The other three
destroyers fired a
total of ten torpedoes.
returned to Dover
arriving at 2330/14th.
at 1519/16th for Portsmouth for repairs completed on 20
the 15th, destroyers WESTMINSTER
and VIMIERA (Lt Cdr R. B. N.
Hicks) arrived at Dover.
Destroyer VENOMOUS (Cdr J.
E. H.McBeath), which had picked up some of the XD
AIjmuiden demolition party
and fifty civilians at sea from a tug and a motor
launch, arrived at Dover at 1825.
evacuation was declared completed.
VERITY, WOLSEY were withdrawn from the Hook of Holland
at 1730/14th for Dover. At 1825, the destroyers
were ordered to embark Dutch troops at Scheveringen and
the Hook of Holland.
MONA'S ISLE, MAID OF ORLEANS, KING
GEORGE V and destroyers were sent to Ijmuiden and Texel.
2200/14th, the Dutch ceased resistance and the final
treaty was signed at
0930/15th. The plans to evacuate Dutch troops from Hook
of Holland, Ijmuiden, Schweningen, Texel were abandoned.
steamers were released for other duties.
arrived at Dover at 1616 with Vice Admiral
Sir Gerald C. Dickens, KCVO, CB, CMB (ret), the naval
attache at the Hague, two Dutch engineers.
VILLE DE BRUGES (13,869grt) was badly damaged by German
the River Scheldt, ten miles from Antwerp.
crew were killed and one later died of wounds.
steamer beached, caught fire, was abandoned a total
cruisers SUMATRA and JACOB VAN HEEMSKERCK departed Holland
for England rather than be scuttled or
fall into German hands.
JACOB VAN HEEMSKERCK, fitting out at Amsterdam, was
towed away on the 10th.
She arrived in the Downs on the 11th.
SUMATRA arrived in the Humber on the 11th.
ISAAC SWEERS, also incomplete, was also towed from
Flushing on the 10th by Dutch tug
ZWARTSEE to England.
The destroyer and tug
arrived at the Downs on the 11th in the company of submarines O.21, O.22, tug SCHELDT.
departed Flushing on the 10th escorted by Dutch tug SCHELDE. They
arrived in the Downs on the 11th.
departed Flushing on the 10th in tow for Dover.
The submarine arrived in
the Downs on the 11th.
JACOB VAN HEEMSKERCK and destroyer ISAAC SWEERS were
sent on to Spithead, arriving on the 12th. The
light cruiser was able to accompany light cruiser
SUMATRA in June on a voyage to Halifax, but returned to
construction 17 February 1941.
O.9, O.10, O.13, O.21, O.22, O.23, O.24 were able to
escape to England. Submarines O.23 and O.24
late on the 13th.
arrived at Dover
on the 12th escorted by
Dutch minesweeper JAN VAN GELDER.
O.13, O.21, O.22 and minesweeper JAN VAN GELDER arrived
at Portsmouth on the 12th.
O.9, O.10, O.24 arrived in the Downs on the 13th
minelayer WILLEM VAN DER ZAAN.
O.23 arrived unescorted in the Downs on the 13th.
O.10, O.23, O24 arrived at Portsmouth, via Dover, on the
addition O.14 and O.15, which were in the Dutch Indies
on escort duties, were
taken under the control of Commander in Chief, American
and West Indies
all naval craft were gotten away. Light cruisers DE
ZEVERN PROVICIEN and
EENDRACHT, building at Wilton-Fijenoord and Rotterdam,
respectively, were captured
on the building slips.
GERALD CALLENBERG at Rotterdam and TJERK HIDDES at
Waterweg were scuttled.
O.11, O.12, under repair at Den Helder, O.25, on the
slip at Schiedam, were scuttled.
was salved as German UD 1 and commissioned on 21
November 1940; O.12 was
salved as UD.2 and commissioned on 14 January 1943;
O.25, which had only been
launched on the 1st 1940, was commissioned as UD.3 on 8
June 1941; O.26 was
launched on 23 November 1940 and commissioned as UD.4 on
28 January 1941; and
O.27 was launched on 26 September 1941 and commissioned
as UD.5 on 1 November
of these submarines were deployed in war patrols.
number of other small ships were scuttled because they
were blocked in
ports by ships that had been sunk by mines or bombers or
to block channels.
JAN PIETERSZOON (1140grt) was sunk as a blockship at
NOORDZEE (260grt) was sunk by a mine at Flushing.
FRAMNAS (721grt) was seized by German forces at
Stavanger and renamed BORGEN for
Operation ALABASTER, British troopships LANCASTRIA
(16,243grt) and FRANCONIA (20,175grt) departed the Clyde
at 1900 with troops to
relieve the Marine garrison taken to Iceland the week
troopships were escorted by destroyers FOXHOUND and
departed Reykavik at 1200/19th and landed troops at
the morning of 20 May.
delivering the troops, the British force arrived back in
the Clyde on the 25th at 0540.
and PLOVER departed the Humber
in convoy FN.172. They were
first escorted by destroyers VIMY and WINDSOR. The
minelayers arrived at
Rosyth on the 17th, escorted by destroyers VIVIEN and
minelayers departed Rosyth on the 17th escorted by
destroyer SABRE and armed
patrol yacht BREDA.
They arrived at Scapa Flow on the 18th.
18 May, destroyer SABRE obtained a submarine contact in
She was joined by destroyer MASHONA early on the 19th
from Scapa Flow.
minelayers were to have gone to Narvik, but they were
held at Scapa Flow.
and PLOVER departed Scapa Flow
at 1430/29th, escorted by
destroyer ATHERSTONE, arrived at Rosyth at 1230/30th.
arrived at Harwich after refitting at Chatham.
sighted an enemy transport
ship west of Stadlandet. However, the contact was lost
in low visibility
before the submarine could attack.
CASABIANCA sighted a German convoy off Lister, but it
distant to attack.
14 May, armed merchant cruisers PATROCLUS, AUSTURIAS,
CARINTHIA, DERBYSHIRE, CHESHIRE were ordered to assume
patrol off Vigo
and Lisbon in readiness to intercept
Italian merchant ships if Italy entered the war.
armed merchant cruisers, CANTON,
CORFU, MALOJA, MONTCLARE, were
ordered on the 21st to replace the armed merchant
cruisers on this detail.
Armed merchant cruiser ASTURIAS' assignment was
unaffected. The patrol was
maintained by Commmander in Chief Western Approaches
after this duty.
patrol was cancelled on the 31st.
Convoy FN.171 departed Southend, unescorted due to lack of escort
vessels. The convoy was met en route by armed patrol
from convoy FS.170. The
convoy arrived at the Tyne on the 16th.
Convoy FS.170 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop GRIMSBY
and armed patrol yacht BREDA. The yacht was detached en
route to convoy FN.171. The convoy arrived at Southend
on the 16th.
Atlantic, German raider ORION refuelled from German tanker WINNETOU
(5113grt), which had departed Las
Palmas on 9 April.
WINNETOU went on to refuel armed merchant cruiser ORION
again on 20
June before setting off for Japan.