Background Events - July-August 1940
Fall of France, Battle of Britain,
War in Mediterranean
Monday, 15 July
Battleship NELSON with destroyers BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, and MASHONA departed
Scapa Flow in the evening to conduct night firings. Because of heavy fog,
they were unable to return to Scapa Flow until 1635 on the 16th.
cruiser DEVONSHIRE departed Scapa Flow for Rosyth to change secondary
cruiser AURORA arrived at Scapa Flow from the Humber.
destroyers HAMBLEDON and ATHERSTONE departed Scapa Flow at 1315 to
rendezvous off Aberdeen at 2000 with steamer HIGHLANDER (1216grt) and tanker
PRESTOL (2629grt) for Lerwick and Scapa Flow, respectively. On the 16th,
HAMBLEDON and PRESTOL arrived off Scapa Flow, but due to heavy fog, the
ships could not enter harbour until 1100. ATHERSTONE arrived at Scapa Flow
at 1113 on the 17th.
mine explosion close aboard damaged mine destructor ship BURLINGTON at
ship, escorted by anti-submarine trawler THIRLMERE, proceeded to Stornoway
on the 17th for repairs. She returned to Aultbrea on the 18th, again
escorted by THIRLMERE.
OB.184 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WARWICK and corvette
HEARTSEASE form 15 to 18 July. The escorts were detached to inbound convoy HX.56.
FN.223 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VALOROUS, sloop STORK, and
patrol sloop WIDGEON, and arrived in the Tyne on the 17th.
MT.111 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the 16th.
FS.222 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop BLACK SWAN and HASTINGS, and
arrived at Southend on the 16th.
HX.58 departed Halifax at 0730 escorted by Canadian destroyers SAGUENAY and
ASSINIBOINE which turned the convoy over to the ocean escort, armed merchant
cruiser RANPURA, and returned to Halifax at 0835 the next day.
at sea, the Canadian destroyers investigated an aircraft down in the sea.
BHX.58 departed Bermuda on the 14th escorted locally by sloop PENZANCE and
an ocean escort of armed merchant cruiser JERVIS BAY. The convoy
rendezvoused with convoy HX.58 on the 19th and the armed merchant cruiser
RANPURA was detached on the 28th.
27th, destroyers SKEENA, WESTCOTT, sloop ENCHANTRESS, corvettes CAMELLIA and
CLARKIA, plus anti-submarine trawlers LADY ELSA and ST KENAN joined the
convoy. Destroyer WESTCOTT and sloop ENCHANTRESS were detached, and arrived at Liverpool on the 31st.
1142 on the 15th, suspicious ships were reported southwest of Land's End in
4810N, 7-30W, steering 350°. Light
cruiser NEWCASTLE (right - postwar, NavyPhotos) with destroyers BROKE, MACKAY, WOLVERINE, WITHERINGTON,
HESPERUS, and RESTIGOUCHE departed Plymouth to investigate. At
1708, the force, less MACKAY and BROKE detached to assist steamer
CITY OF LIMERICK, returned to Plymouth.
sank Greek steamer EVDOXIA (2018grt) forty miles southwest of Bull Rock,
southwest Ireland. One
crew was missing. The same U-boat also sank Greek steamer NAFTILOS (3531grt) in 48‑05N, 10‑25W. The
entire crew was rescued, but one crewman later died.
U.58 torpedoed a tanker off
She observed the torpedo breaking the tanker's back, but there is no
record of the damage.
BELLEROCK (1199grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑20N, 03‑47W.
Seventeen crew were lost.
German bombing damaged steamer
HEWORTH (2855grt) in convoy
FN.223 ten miles south of Aldeburgh Light Vessel.
She was taken in tow for Harwich, but was grounded three cables
267° from East Shipwash Buoy. Four crew were lost and the survivors rescued by destroyer
CITY OF LIMERICK (1359grt) was sunk by German bombing, 100
miles 270° from Ushant in 48‑39N, 07‑12W.
Destroyers MACKAY and BROKE were ordered to the area to assist and hunt
crew were killed and the survivors rescued by Belgian
trawler ROGER JEANNINE.
German bombing sank Panamanian steamer
FOSSOULA (1282grt) 240
miles northwest of Cape Finisterre.
Four crew went missing.
steamer ZBARAZ (2088grt) in convoy FN.223 was badly damaged by German
bombing ten miles south of Aldeburgh Light Vessel. She was taken in tow by tug ST OLAVES, but
sank near South Ship Head
were no casualties and the survivors were rescued by
trawler VIDONIA and tug MURIA.
German bombing sank Estonian steamer
captured by U.99 on the 12th, off Queenstown. The German prize crew
was rescued and made prisoners of war.
ALPHA (853grt) was sunk by German bombing in 48‑51N,
entire crew was picked up by destroyers BEDOUIN, MASHONA,
and TARTAR which were sweeping in the area.
DRAUGEN (184grt) was sunk on a German mine off Salhus, north
Submarine RAINBOW, which had departed Colombo on 24 June, Aden on the 7th,
and Port Said on the 14th, arrived at Alexandria from Singapore for duty
with the Mediterranean Fleet.
cruiser HAWKINS arrived at Montevideo.
Tuesday, 16 July
Destroyers FIREDRAKE and ECHO departed Reykavik at 1030 with liners ORMONDE (14,982grt) and ULSTER PRINCE (3791grt) for the Clyde where they
arrived on the 18th at 0500.
British Force C, heavy cruisers SUSSEX, SHROPSHIRE, light cruisers
SOUTHAMPTON (Vice Admiral CS 18), GLASGOW, and destroyers COSSACK (D.4),
SIKH, ZULU, MAORI, FURY, FORTUNE, INGLEFIELD (D.3), and IMOGEN departed
Scapa Flow at 1030 to attack German ships off Denmark. The
force swept southeast until 1543 when the course was reversed due to
negative air reports. SHROPSHIRE was detached at 2315 for the Clyde for refitting.
2355 on the 16th, off Duncansby Head in Pentland Firth in 58‑34N, 02‑54W,
GLASGOW accidentally collided with IMOGEN (Cdr C. L.
Firth MVO) in heavy fog. IMOGEN's fuel tanks caught fire and the ship had to be abandoned.
The destroyer was not seen to sink.
Seventeen ratings were lost, while GLASGOW rescued ten
officers and 123 ratings.
Temporary Surgeon Lt J. W. Ashley RNVR, and ten ratings were injured, and one
ratings later died of injuries.
GLASGOW had a six foot gash in her port side
60 feet back from
the bow above the water line. Midshipman E. J. M. Lucas and one rating were
lost in her. She arrived at Scapa Flow at 0936 with SOUTHAMPTON, with SUSSEX
arriving at 1050/17th.
COSSACK, SIKH, MAORI, ZULU, FURY, FORTUNE, and INGLEFIELD arrived
at Scapa Flow at 1750 after searching for IMOGEN's hulk.
Stromna Light House keepers had reported a ship drifting westward in
Destroyer ATHERSTONE departed Scapa Flow at 1445 on the 18th to search south
of Stromna, but returned to Scapa Flow that evening at 1650 after
failing to locate her.
GLASGOW departed Scapa Flow at 1800/19th with destroyers INGLEFIELD,
ASHANTI, and MASHONA. Off Cape Wrath, destroyer DIANA joined while ASHANTI and MASHONA returned to Scapa Flow arriving at 0457 on the 20th.
GLASGOW arrived at Liverpool escorted by INGLEFIELD and
DIANA at 1200/21st for repairs completed on 4 September.
Battleship NELSON with destroyers BEDOUIN, MASHONA, and PUNJABI arrived at
Scapa Flow at 1640 after full calibre firings.
FN.224 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WOOLSTON, sloop FLEETWOOD,
and patrol sloop SHEARWATER. The patrol sloop was detached later that day.
On the 17th, destroyers JAVELIN and JUPITER covered the convoy, and arrived at the Tyne 18 July.
MT.112 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the 17th.
FS.223 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on the 17th.
badly damaged tanker SCOTTISH MINSTREL (6998grt) from convoy HX.55
in 56‑10N, 10‑20W. Nine
crew were lost and the survivors rescued by
steamer FISCUS (4815grt).
(Uboat.net - 32 survivors rescued by corvette GARDENIA). SCOTTISH MINSTREL
sank on the 17th.
PHOENIX (Lt Cdr G. H. Nowell) attacked Italian escort ship
ALBATROS off Augusta and was sunk in the counterattack. Lt Cdr
Nowell, Lt G. A. Liversidge, Lt M. G. Henderson, A/Lt K. Barkley, Warrant
Engineer F. Pegler, and the fifty ratings of the crew were lost.
ship MIRROR departed Gibraltar, escorted by destroyer FOXHOUND, to cut to
Fayal-Malaga cable and join the Fayal end to Gibraltar. She later returned to Gibraltar and sailed again on the 19th,
escorted by destroyer WRESTLER to continue the work.
work continued on the 21st with MIRROR escorted again by WRESTLER, which
was later relieved by destroyer VIDETTE.
armed merchant cruiser THOR sank steamer WENDOVER (5487grt) in the
South Atlantic at 23‑08S, 34‑49W. Four
crew were killed, while 36 crew and one gunner were
made prisoners of war.
cruiser DORSETSHIRE departed Freetown to search for a German naval unit in
the South Atlantic.
SL.40 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser ASTURIAS.
joined the convoy on 1 August, when convoy SLF.40 merged with SL.40. On 2
August, both merchant cruisers were detached and arrived at
for fuel and water on 3 August.
ASTURIAS departed Greenock on 6 August to return to
August, sloop ABERDEEN joined the convoy. On 3 August, destroyer WALKER and
corvette PERIWINKLE and on 4 August, corvettes GODETIA and PRIMROSE joined,
and arrived at Liverpool on 8 August.
Wednesday, 17 July
Destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI departed Scapa Flow at 1120 to patrol in
PUNJABI was detached at 1230 from this force to investigate a
trawler reported by aircraft at 1132 in 60-13N, 0-45E, steering 270, and
flying the signal "I have sighted a mine in the position indicated. "
1415 on the 18th, BEDOUIN and PUNJABI were ordered to return to Scapa Flow.
trawler, located by PUNJABI, was found to be manned by
Norwegians. PUNJABI escorted the trawler towards Lerwick until
2115 when she parted company and proceeded to Scapa Flow.
Destroyers ASHANTI and MASHONA departed Scapa Flow at 1120 to patrol in
destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI were ordered to return to Scapa Flow,
ASHANTI and MASHONA were ordered to move their patrol to 58-30N,
1-45W to cover the passage of convoys across Moray Firth.
2346, ASHANTI and MASHONA were ordered to return to Scapa Flow by
1000/19th. These destroyers arrived back at Scapa Flow at 1100/19th after
being delayed by fog.
Destroyers HAMBLEDON and FERNIE departed Scapa Flow at 1830 to reinforce
convoy WN.1 off Cape Wrath at about midnight.
Submarine L.23, escorted by Dutch torpedo boat Z.8, arrived at Scapa Flow at
torpedo boat departed at 1815 that day to return to Dundee.
British minefield BS.24 was laid by destroyers EXPRESS and IMPULSIVE.
sank steamer MANIPUR (8652grt) at 2222 from convoy HX.55A in
58‑41N, 05‑14W. Fourteen crew were lost, but Canadian destroyer SKEENA
rescued sixty-four survivors.
Destroyers HAMBLEDON and FERNIE in the area to join convoy WN.1 began to
hunt for the submarine, and attacked a
Destroyers DIANA, BERKELEY, and GARTH departed Scapa Flow at 0645 on the
18th to assist. BERKELEY and GARTH were ordered at 1725/18th to return to Scapa Flow,
where they arrived at 0045/19th.
OG.38 was to have been formed from convoys OA.185G and OB.185G, but departed
Liverpool as an OG convoy. The convoy of twenty ships was escorted by sloop
WELLINGTON from 17 to 29 July when the convoy arrived at Gibraltar.
OA.186 departed Methil escorted by sloops SANDWICH and DEPTFORD from 17 to
MT.113 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the 18th.
FS.224 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WOLSEY and sloop EGRET, and
arrived at Southend on the 18th.
U.43 sank steamer
FELLSIDE (3509grt) straggling convoy OA184
at 135 miles northwest of Bloody Foreland in 56‑09N, 12‑30W.
crew were missing.
sank Swedish steamer O. A. BRODIN (1960grt) in 59‑22N, 03‑40W. Three
crew were killed and the survivors rescued by
minesweeping trawler SICYON and taken by Kirkwall.
STEADY (758grt) was sunk on a mine at Newhaven, two
cables south of East Pier Head. There
were thirteen survivors.
LEOLA (554grt) was sunk by German bombing in 49‑00N,
07‑30W, about sixty miles east of the Scillies. Two crew were lost and
the survivors rescued by
Belgian trawler ROGER JEANNINE.
WIIRI (3525grt) was sunk by Italian bombing 30 miles off
six crew were rescued.
Belgian fishing vessel DE ZEESTER (74grt) was damaged by German bombing
15 miles south by west of Bishop Light.
Commodore F. H. Pegram on heavy cruiser HAWKINS at Montevideo
ordered armed merchant cruiser ALCANTARA to patrol the Pernambuco-Trinidade
MILFORD departed Freetown for anti-submarine patrol in the Cape Verde
Islands area. She refuelled at St Vincent on the 25th and was to arrive back at Freetown
on 5 August.
Italian light cruisers BANDE NERE and COLLEONI with the 10th Destroyer
Division departed Tripoli. The
destroyers were detached to the Sollum area and the cruisers proceeded
BN.2 departed Bombay, escorted by light cruiser CERES and armed merchant
cruisers CATHAY and WESTRALIA. The armed merchant cruisers were detached on
the 26th. Light cruiser LEANDER joined on the 26th and sloops HINDUSTAN and
SHOREHAM on the 27th.
CERES was detached on the 29th,
and HINDUSTAN and SHOREHAM on the 30th. On the 30th, anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE,
destroyers KANDAHAR and KIMBERLEY, with sloops AUCKLAND and FLAMINGO joined
LEANDER and the convoy. Sloop CLIVE joined on 3 August when
the other ships were detached and arrived at Suez with the convoy on 5
Thursday, 18 July
Australian light cruiser SYDNEY (Captain J. A. Collins, RAN) with destroyers
HYPERION (Cdr H. St L. Nicolson DSO, D.2), HERO (Cdr H. W. Biggs), HASTY (Lt
Cdr L. R. K. Tyrwhitt), HAVOCK (Cdr R. E. Courage DSO DSC), and ILEX (Lt Cdr
P. L. Saumarez DSC) departed Alexandria. SYDNEY and HAVOCK were to operate in the Gulf of Athens
against Italian shipping. The other destroyers were to make an
anti-submarine sweep along the north coast of Crete.
Destroyers HEREWARD and IMPERIAL departed Alexandria at the same time to
escort convoy AN.2 from Port Said.
cruiser CUMBERLAND departed Simonstown to search for German armed merchant
armed merchant cruiser PINGUIN rendezvoused with U.A in mid Atlantic between
Belem and Dakar, so that the submarine could be replenished with fuel and torpedoes.
cruiser YORK arrived at Scapa Flow at 0750 from Rosyth.
D/F reports received at 0940, destroyers ZULU, FORTUNE, and FURY departed
Scapa Flow at 1515 and made an anti-submarine sweep towards Cape Wrath. This
search was in an area bordered by Cape Wrath, North Rona, and the Butt of
Lewis, but no contact was made.
Destroyer ATHERSTONE departed Scapa Flow at 1445 on the 18th for
anti-submarine duties off Cape Wrath. FORTUNE and FURY arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2330/19th.
Minesweeper BRITMART departed Scapa Flow at 0415 for Aberdeen, while minesweeper SPEEDY arrived at Scapa Flow at 2000 from Aberdeen.
British minefield BS.25 was laid by destroyers EXPRESS and IMPULSIVE.
Submarine H.31 (Lt M. D. Wanklyn) attacked three trawlers and sank German
anti-submarine trawler UJ.126 (trawler STEIERMARK, 446grt) northwest of
Terschelling in 53-29N, 5-03E. H.31 was unaware she had sunk the trawler,
and was undamaged in the counterattack.
Base repair ship VINDICTIVE
(ex-cruiser) departed Devonport for Freetown.
Anti-submarine trawler CAPE FINISTERRE (591grt) was machine gunned and
bombed in the North Sea.
Destroyer ARROW and anti-submarine trawler AGATE (627grt) departed Harwich
FN.225 departed Southend, escorted by sloops BLACK SWAN and HASTINGS with
patrol sloop PINTAIL, and arrived in the Tyne on the 20th.
FS.225 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers WALLACE and WOLFHOUND, and
arrived at Southend on the 19th.
sank Norwegian steamer GYDA (1591grt) in 56N, 10W
(Uboat.net - 55, 50N, 09, 00W).
crew were lost and nine rescued
by Belgian steamer Ville d’Arlon
sank steamer WOODBURY (4434grt) in 50‑46N, 13‑56W. The
entire crew was rescued.
Steamer GENERTON (4797grt) was damaged by German bombing in the
Trawler LODDON (200grt) was damaged by German bombing in 51‑05N,
Italian submarine DELFINO attacked a destroyer in 38‑16N, 24‑47E in the
Aegean northeast of Athens without success.
N. Dean and Naval Airman K. L. Jones in a Skua of 806 Squadron from aircraft
carrier ILLUSTRIOUS were killed
from in exercises.
Friday, 19 July
Destroyers ECHO and FIREDRAKE departed the Clyde at 1130 for Scapa Flow. At
0005 on the 20th, the ships to ordered to reinforce convoy WN.2 and remain
in company until joining outbound OA.187.
Anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY departed Scapa Flow at 1135 on the 20th, also to
join WN.2. All three ships were later ordered to return to Scapa Flow after escorting WN.2,
but without joining convoy OA.187. They arrived there at 0010/21st.
Destroyers ZULU, HAMBLEDON, and FERNIE departed their anti-submarine patrol
in the Cape Wrath area at 1800 to return to Scapa Flow. HAMBLEDON and FERNIE arrived at Scapa Flow at 0457 on the 20th.
Destroyers FORTUNE and FURY remained on patrol to cover convoys passing
between Pentland Firth and the Minches, and arrived at Scapa Flow at 2330/20th.
Destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI departed Scapa Flow at 1410 for the Tyne to
cover anti-aircraft cruiser NAIAD on trials. Due to
mining, the cruiser was unable to sail and the destroyers remained off
the river entrance.
which was the anti invasion base for the 1st Destroyer Flotilla, was raided
twice by German bombers.
Destroyer GRIFFIN was slightly damaged by near misses in the bombing and
sustained no casualties. She returned to service in two weeks.
Destroyer BEAGLE, en route from Dover to Devonport, was lightly
damaged by near misses off Dover, with damage to her gyro
suspension. There were no casualties, and she received temporary repairs at Plymouth. On 17 August, she
proceeded to Portland and repairs were completed on 28 August.
WAR SEPOY (5574grt) was badly damaged by German bombing at
repair, she was broken in two and later used as a block-ship at Dover.
CRESTFLOWER (550grt, Skipper C. Pollard RNR) of the
28th Minesweeping Group was badly damaged by German bombing off Portsmouth
and foundered in 50-29-06N, 01-17-08W. Two ratings were killed.
OB.186 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WANDERER and corvette
PERIWINKLE from 19 to 22 July. The escorts were detached to inbound convoy HX.57.
FN.226 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIMIERA, sloop LONDONDERRY,
and patrol sloop SHELDRAKE, and arrived in the Tyne on the 21st.
MT.114 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the 20th.
FS.226 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WOOLSTON and sloop
FLEETWOOD. Destroyers JACKAL and KELVIN , with patrol sloop SHELDRAKE joined
the convoy on the 20th. Destroyers JACKAL and KELVIN were detached later on
the 20th, and the convoy arrived at Southend on the 21st.
torpedo boats T.5, T.6, T.7, and T.8 of the 2nd Torpedo Boat Flotilla withFALKE and JAGUAR of 5th Torpedo Boat Flotilla screened minelayers ROLAND,
KONIGIN LUISE, KAISER, HANSESTADT DANZIG, COBRA, and PREUSSEN laying mines
in the northwest North Sea in minefield designated "NW 1".
HX.59 departed Halifax at 0730 escorted by Canadian destroyers OTTAWA and
1430, the convoy was turned over to armed merchant cruiser VOLTAIRE and the
destroyers arrived back at Halifax at 0050/20th. The armed merchant cruiser
was detached on the 30th.
BHX.59 departed Bermuda on the 18th escorted by ocean escort, armed merchant
cruiser AURANIA. The convoy rendezvoused with HX.59 on the 23rd and
the armed merchant cruiser was detached. On the
31st, destroyer WARWICK, sloop FOWEY, with corvettes HEARTSEASE and HIBISCUS
joined the convoy, which arrived at Liverpool on 3 August.
sank steamer PEARLMOOR (4681grt) in 55‑23N, 09‑18W.
Thirteen crew were lost.
Italian light cruisers COLLEONI and BANDE NERE entering the Aegean between
Crete and Cerigotto engaged Destroyers ILEX, HERO, HASTY, and HYPERION
supported by Australian light cruiser SYDNEY and Destroyer HAVOCK. COLLEONI
was badly damaged by SYDNEY and later
scuttled by ILEX and HYPERION. BANDE NERE was damaged by HYPERION, but was able to
escape. During the engagement, the only damage sustained by the British
force was a shell hit in SYDNEY's funnel.
the battle, HAVOCK, ILEX, and HYPERION picked up 525 survivors
from COLLEONI, but the rescue was cut short by Italian bombing attacks. HAVOCK was damaged by
a near miss three miles
south of Gavdo Island and temporarily lost way.
cruisers ORION and NEPTUNE departed Alexandria at 0915 to carry out a sweep
to the northwest.
Battleship WARSPITE and destroyers departed
at 1100 and also swept
Battleships BARHAM and MALAYA and aircraft carrier EAGLE with destroyers
departed Alexandria at 1230 and swept to the west.
HAVOCK was escorted back to Alexandria by SYDNEY, HYPERION and ILEX, later joined by light cruiser LIVERPOOL.
Destroyers HASTY and HERO returned independently. All forces arrived back at
Alexandria on the 20th. HAVOCK arrived at Suez for repairs on the 27th,
completed on 15 September, and she departed Port Said on 19
Troopship ROYAL ULSTERMAN, escorted by destroyer VELOX, departed
evacuees to Madeira. The destroyer parted company at 2100/20th and returned
Australian heavy cruiser CANBERRA departed Simonstown to patrol the southern
half of the Cape-Freetown route, but her aircraft was left behind as defective.
She arrived back at Simonstown on the 28th.
armed merchant cruiser THOR sank Dutch steamer TELA (3777grt) in the South
Atlantic at 14S, 33W. The 33 crew were made prisoners of war.
goodwill cruise, American heavy cruisers WICHITA and QUINCY and destroyers
WAINWRIGHT and WALKE arrived at Rio de Janiero. The
heavy cruisers departed Rio on the 25th for the north. The
destroyers departed Rio Grande on the 29th for Buenos Aires.
Saturday, 20 July
Australian heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA arrived at Scapa Flow from the Clyde.
cruiser SHEFFIELD arrived at Scapa Flow from Sheerness.
report was received that German battlecruiser GNEISENAU had departed
Trondheim at 0900. The
Home Fleet came to short notice for steam and the destroyers at sea were
recalled at 1938.
Anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY, destroyers ECHO and FIREDRAKE departed
convoy WN.2 and arrived at Scapa Flow at 0010/21st, while destroyers FORTUNE and FURY departed their anti-submarine patrol off Cape
Wrath and arrived at Scapa Flow at 2320/20th.
Home Fleet at Scapa Flow was organized for the interception of
D - battlecruisers RENOWN and REPULSE, cruisers SHROPSHIRE, SUSSEX,
and SOUTHAMPTON, with destroyers COSSACK, SIKH, ZULU, MASHONA, FORTUNE, and
E - battleships RODNEY, NELSON, and BARHAM, aircraft carrier FURIOUS,
anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY, with destroyers ECHO, FIREDRAKE, HAMBLEDON,
ATHERSTONE, FERNIE, GARTH, and BERKELEY.
Fleet did not sail as the information was later found to be incorrect, and returned to usual notice at 0838 on the 22nd.
report that GNEISENAU might have left Trondheim,
submarine TRIDENT was ordered to remain off Korsfjord and TRUANT, returning to Rosyth, was ordered to patrol west of
Sognefjord. On the
21st, these orders were cancelled with TRIDENT proceeding to Stadlandet and
TRUANT returning to Rosyth, arriving on the 24th.
cruiser SOUTHAMPTON departed Scapa Flow for Sheerness. .
Destroyer MAORI departed Scapa Flow at 0700 for Invergordon to embark the
new Flag Officer of the Shetlands/Orkney Command, Admiral of the Fleet Lord
Cork, and his staff. She departed Invergordon that evening at 2100 and arrived at Lerwick
Anti-aircraft cruiser NAIAD departed the Tyne at 1600 for trials, escorted
by destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI.
Destroyers BOREAS, VERSATILE, and WINDSOR were escorting convoy CW.7 off
Dover, with destroyer BRAZEN and anti-submarine trawler LADY PHILOMENA on
patrol with the convoy, when they were attacked by German bombers. BRAZEN
(Lt Cdr Sir Michael Culme-Seymour, Bt) was badly damagedi, taken n tow by tug LADY BRASSEY,
but sank next day. One rating was lost and BOREAS took off the crew.
Destroyer SCIMITAR joined the convoy on the 21st and escorted it until the 22nd.
Destroyer ACHERON was attacked by German bombers ten miles south of St
Catherine's Point, near missed by nine bombs and suffered some damage. She
later proceeded to Portsmouth for repairs begun on 6 August. However, before
they were completed, she was further damaged in
German bombing on 24 August.
Destroyers HAVELOCK and VANOC were in a minor collision leaving Liverpool. Both
were repaired at Liverpool, HAVELOCK completing on 3 August, and VANOC on the 28th.
Submarine SWORDFISH undocked at Blyth.
Submarines TRITON and SNAPPER arrived at Rosyth.
Submarine H.50 arrived at Harwich.
Submarine NARWHAL departed Blyth for the Humber where she arrived later the
OA.187 departed Methil escorted by destroyer HESPERUS from 20 to 25 July,
sloop WESTON from 20 to 22 July, and destroyer RESTIGOUCHE from 22 to 25
July. RESTIGOUCHE was detached to convoy SL.39.
FN.227 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WOLSEY, sloop EGRET, and
patrol sloop GUILLEMOT, and arrived at the Tyne on the 22nd.
MT.115 departed Methil, and arrived at the Tyne on the 21st.
G. G. R. Bulmer was killed when his RAF Hurricane of 32 Squadron from Biggin
Hill was shot down five miles northeast of Dover.
PULBOROUGH (960grt) from convoy CW.7 was sunk by German
bombing, two and a half miles southeast of Dover Pier. Trawler LADY PHILOMENA (417grt) took off the seventeen survivors.
German bombing damaged steamer WESTOWN (710grt) off Dover.
TROUTPOOL (4886grt) was sunk on a mine, eight cables 3° from
Bangor Pier Light in 54‑40N, 05‑40W. Eleven
crew were lost.
Mediterranean Fleet, which departed Alexandria on the 20th, launched air
attacks on Tobruk searching for the damaged Italian light cruiser BANDE
Swordfish of 813 Squadron (824 Squadron according to Seekrieg) of aircraft carrier EAGLE took off from Sidi
Barrani and sank Italian destroyers OSTRO, NEMBO and steamer
SERENO (2333grt) in Tobruk harbour.
Swordfish crashed, with Lt G. R. Brown and Lt K. C. Grieve wounded and Petty
Officer R. J. W. Wynn dying of wounds on the 21st. Cdr W.
L. M. Brown and Lt P. N. Medd from 700 Squadron in battleship WARSPITE were
forced to land in Italian territory. Medd was later able to escape, while Brown
was later repatriated.
this raid, the Italians abandoned Tobruk as a sea base. The
guns from the two sunken destroyers were later salved and used in the
defense of Bardia.
SLF.40 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser CANTON to 1
August when convoy SLF.40 merged with SL.40. On 2 August, both CANTON and
ASTURIAS of SL.40 were detached, and proceeded to Greenock for fuel and
water before returning to Freetown.
Sloop ABERDEEN joined the convoy
on 2 August, destroyer WALKER and
corvette PERIWINKLE on the 3rd, and corvettes GODETIA and PRIMROSE on the
The convoys arrived at Liverpool on the 8th.
BRIDGEWATER departed Simonstown for Walvis Bay to refuel, and then proceeded to
Lagos to relieve light cruiser DRAGON. She arrived at Lagos on 1 August.
cruiser DELHI, detached from Force H, departed Gibraltar for Freetown to
rejoin the South Atlantic Command.
Patrolling in the area of Cape Verde Island en route, she arrived at Freetown on the 27th.
Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES departed Auckland for Suva, carrying the Chief of the General Staff and the Chief of the
Air Staff for defense conferences. She arrived at Suva on the 23rd, departed on the 26th and proceeded to Tonga for further
conferences, reaching there on the 28th. ACHILLES arrived back at Auckland on the 31st.
Sunday, 21 July
cruisers LIVERPOOL, CAPETOWN and destroyers STUART and DIAMOND departed
Alexandria with one steamer for convoy AN.2, while destroyers DAINTY and DEFENDER departed Port Said on the 21st with five
steamers of convoy AN.2.
two sections joined on the 22nd. The convoy sailed on the 19th escorted by
destroyers IMPERIAL and HEREWARD, but was recalled due to the Italian
cruisers engaged by Australian light cruiser SYDNEY.
convoy supported by Battleship RAMILLIES and destroyers HYPERION, ILEX,
HEREWARD, and IMPERIAL which departed Alexandria at 0400/23rd. The convoy
was dispersed on the 26th.
escorts escorted southbound convoy AS.2 back to Alexandria.
Destroyers MOHAWK and NUBIAN departed Alexandria on the 22nd to intercept the
Greek vessel ERMIONI (440grt) which was carrying petrol from the Corinth
Canal to the Dodecanese.
patrol was unsuccessful and the destroyers arrived back at Alexandria on the
Submarine RORQUAL laid mines east of Tolmeita, Cyrenaica in 32-39N, 21-03E,
and was then attacked an Italian steamer. The steamer, SECURITAS (5366grt), was
struck by a torpedo which did not explode.
Italian steamers CELIO (3872grt) and LEOPARDI (3298grt) were
lost on this minefield on the 24 July and 14 August respectively.
HG.39 of 18 ships departed Gibraltar escorted locally by
anti-submarine trawler ARCTIC RANGER (493grt) from 21 to 24 July. Sloop
SCARBOROUGH joined from 21 July to 5 August, and corvette GERANIUM in Home
Waters from 30 July to 5 August. The
convoy arrived at Liverpool on 5 August.
Australian light cruiser HOBART was unsuccessfully bombed off Aden by
Destroyers INGLEFIELD and DIANA arrived Liverpool at 1200 escorting light
cruiser GLASGOW. The
destroyers then eparted Liverpool at 1405 that afternoon with destroyer WATCHMAN
to meet arriving aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS and light cruiser FIJI and
escort them to the Clyde. On the
23rd at 0851, DIANA was damaged when a fish hit her asdic dome, and put her asdic out of action. With leaks in her fore store, her speed was
limited to 22 knots. The
ships arrived at Greenock at 1945/23rd, and DIANA departed the Clyde at 2200/24th for repairs at Sheerness.
Submarine H.50 departed Harwich to patrol in the vicinity north of the
Hinder to watch for the laying of dan buoys.
Submarine THAMES and submarine tender WHITE BEAR arrived at Dundee.
Submarine THAMES departed on patrol later that day.
Submarine tender ALECTO and Dutch submarine O.9 arrived at Tobermory.
Submarine TALISMAN was docked at Glasgow.
Leading Airman J. A. Seed, of 1 SFTS Netheravon, was killed, when
German fighters shot down his Hart aircraft over Old Sarum airfield.
OB.187 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WALKER and corvette MALLOW
from 21 to 25 July. The escort was detached to inbound convoy SL.39.
FN.228 departed Southend, and arrived at the Tyne on the 23rd.
MT.116 departed Methil, and arrived at the Tyne on the 22nd.
FS.227 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and sloop LOWESTOFT,
and arrived at Southend on the 22nd.
sank steamer ELLAROY (712grt) in 42‑30N, 12‑36W.
Sixteen crew were rescued.
TERLINGS (2318grt) was sunk by German bombing 10 miles
southwest of St Catherine's Point. Ten crew were lost, but destroyer SCIMITAR rescued
17 crew and one naval gunner.
Norwegian tanker KOLLSKEGG (9858grt) was damaged by German bombing fifteen
miles west of St Catherine's Point.
Destroyer GREYHOUND rescued the survivors.
Norwegian tanker NINA BORTHEN (6123grt) was damaged by German bombing 14
miles 240° from St Catherine's Point.
Troopship ULSTER MONARCH departed Gibraltar with evacuees for
Madeira, escorted by destroyer VELOX, which detached at
Monday, 22 July
cruiser AURORA arrived in the Humber.
Destroyers ZULU and FIREDRAKE departed Scapa Flow at 1200 and 1215,
respectively, to hunt for a German submarine bombed by aircraft in 58‑19N,
ROCHESTER and Canadian destroyer ST LAURENT had already carried out a depth
ZULU and FIREDRAKE after making depth charge attacks returned to Scapa Flow that day.
contact was later assessed to probably be a wreck.
NARWHAL departed the Humber on minelaying mission FD.22 off
Trondheim in 63‑16N, 07‑13E, but was lost, probably about 23 July, before the
scheduled on the 27th. She was declared missing on 1 August.
sunk by Do 17, Lt. Karl Müller of the 1/Kü.Fl.Gr. 606 in the Northern North
Sea with bombs. UKDTD; Norwegian Sea at 55 30N 01 10E.)
Submarine CLYDE fired six torpedoes at a submarine off Fejeosen off the
submarine was the TRUANT, which escaped undamaged.
At the time, TRUANT was on patrol off Fejeosen to observe enemy activity,
Submarine TRITON was ordered to patrol off Selbjornfjord for 48
hours before proceeding to Korsfjord.
Submarine H.34 encountered a submarine on patrol in the North Sea, which was later determined to be H.31.
patrol trawler CAMPINA (289grt, Temporary Skipper F. Wellburn RNR) was
on a mine one and a half cables 88° from the Holyhead Breakwater Light.
Wellbourn and ten ratings were missing.
OA.188 departed Methil escorted by corvette CAMELIA on 22 to 26 July and
destroyer SKEENA with anti-submarine trawlers ST KENAN and LADY ELSA, and
arrived in the Clyde on the 24th.
OA.189 did not sail.
FN.229 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VERDUN and WOOLSTON, sloop
FLEETWOOD, and patrol sloop PUFFIN. Destroyers JACKAL, JAGUAR, and JUPITER
were with the convoy on the 23rd and were detached that day, along with
patrol sloop PUFFIN, and arrived at the Tyne on the 24th.
MT.117 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.228 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on the 23rd.
FS.229 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VIMIERA and WINCHESTER, and
arrived at Southend on the 24th.
Steamer SWYNFLEET (1168grt) was damaged by German bombing in 53‑33N,
Italian bombers unsuccessfully attacked light cruiser COLOMBO off
Swordfish aircraft were landed from aircraft carrier HERMES at Freetown to
form Y flight of 814 Squadron while the aircraft carrier left the area for
Tuesday, 23 July
1958, British aircraft reported eight destroyers and six camouflaged vessels
in 57-18N, 4-23E, steering 315. All
cruisers at Scapa Flow raised steam, and destroyers COSSACK (D.4), ZULU, MAORI, FORTUNE, FURY, and FIREDRAKE came to
immediate notice. At
2356, notice was lengthened to one hour, and all ships reverted to four hour
notice at 0930/24th.
Skuas of 801 Squadron, led by Lt Cdr H. P. Bramwell, and six Swordfish of
823 Squadron, led by Lt Cdr D. H. Elles, departed to attack this force. The
Swordfish located and attacked the German ships without success. One
Swordfish was damaged and her observer was wounded.
ships were German minelayers ROLAND, KONIGIN LUISE, KAISER, PREUSSEN, COBRA,
and HANSESTADT DANZIG, which departed Wilhelmshaven on the 23rd, screened by
torpedo boats T.5, T.8, T.6, and T.7 of the 2nd Torpedo Boat Flotilla and
FALKE and JAGUAR of 5th Torpedo Boat Flotillas and minesweepers M.18 and
M.19. German minefield "NW 2" was completed in the northwest North Sea
ninety miles east of Aberdeen at 0010/24th. They arrived back safely on the 25th.
Destroyers ARROW, ANTHONY, AMAZON, and ACHATES departed Harwich at 1800 to
join the Home Fleet for minelaying operations. En
route, ANTHONY and AMAZON were diverted for a rendezvous with steamer LOCHNAGAR off Aberdeen for passage to Lerwick. On the
24th, also en route, ARROW and ACHATES searched for a German submarine
reported by aircraft in 57‑58N, 3‑17W at 1255, were then ordered
at 1110/25th to Scapa Flow , and arrived later on the 25th.
ANTHONY and AMAZON reached Lerwick, delivering LOCHNAGAR at 1030/25th. They
then set off for Scapa Flow and en route
searched for a submarine in 60‑55N, 0‑53E reported by aircraft on the 24th.
The destroyers swept through Fair Isle Channel, and arrived at Scapa Flow at 2150/25th.
OB.188 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WINCHELSEA, sloop
ENCHANTRESS, and corvette CLARKIA from 23 to 27 July. The sloop and the
corvette were detached to convoy HX.58.
OB.189 did not sail.
FN.230 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN, sloop LOWESTOFT, and
patrol sloop SHELDRAKE, and arrived in the Tyne on the 25th.
MT.118 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.230 departed the Tyne, escorted destroyer WOLSEY and sloop EGRET, and
arrived at Southend on the 25th.
HX.60 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyer OTTAWA and auxiliary
patrol vessel FRENCH at 0730, which were detached on the 24th.
local escort turned the convoy over to the ocean escort, armed merchant
cruiser AUSONIA at 2105. The armed merchant cruiser was detached on 4
BHX.60 departed Bermuda on the 22nd escorted locally by sloop PENZANCE and
an ocean escort of armed merchant cruiser ALAUNIA. The convoy rendezvoused
with convoy HX.60 on the 27th and the armed merchant cruiser was detached.
August, destroyers FORTUNE, ST LAURENT, VANOC, and WINCHELSEA with sloop
SANDWICH joined the convoy. FORTUNE was detached on 5 August, and
VANOC and WINCHELSEA on the 6th. The remaining escorts and the
convoy arrived at Liverpool on 7 August.
Canadian troop convoy TC.6 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyers
ASSINIBOINE and SAGUENAY with troopships BATORY (14,287grt), ANTONIA
(13,867grt), MONARCH OF BERMUDA (22,424grt), SOBIESKI (11,030grt), DUCHESS
OF YORK (20,021grt), and SAMARIA (19,597grt) which carried 1198, 881, 1328,
1611, 1061, 982, and 1016 troops, respectively.
Troopship EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA (21,833grt) departed with the convoy and was
detached to Iceland.
escort was Battleship REVENGE and light cruiser EMERALD which departed
Halifax with the convoy. The convoy, less MONARCH OF BERMUDA which safely
arrived at Glasgow, arrived safely at Greenock at 1430 on 1 August, escorted
by destroyers INGLEFIELD (D.3), AMAZON, SIKH, KEPPEL, WANDERER, VISCOUNT,
HIGHLANDER, and VANQUISHER.
Submarine CLYDE arrived at Dundee.
Submarine TRUANT was bombed in the North Sea, but sustained no damage.
THE LADY MOSTYN (305grt) was sunk on a mine one and half
miles 79° from Formby Light Vessel. All
the crew was lost.
British Force H departed Gibraltar with aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, light
cruiser ENTERPRISE, and destroyers FAULKNOR, ESCAPADE, FORESIGHT, and
FORESTER to launch an air attack on Bordeaux. This
operation was cancelled due to bad weather and the forces returned to
Gibraltar on the 26th.
cruiser ORION with destroyers VAMPIRE and VENDETTA departed Alexandria and
appeared off Castellerizo on the 24th as a diversion for the movement of
convoy AN.2. After
the demonstration on the 25th, ORION proceeded to Haifa, and the
destroyers to Port Said.
mining was suspected in the approaches, minesweeper ABINGDON was sent to
sweep off Port Said and the destroyers proceeded to Alexandria.
Wednesday, 24 July
Aircraft carrier ARGUS with destroyers GALLANT and GREYHOUND departed
Portland for Gibraltar to participate in HURRY. Armed merchant cruiser
MALOJA proceeded with these ships. Off
Northern Ireland, they were joined by convoy RS.5 of troopship REINA DEL PACIFICO and
steamer CLAN FERGUSON, escorted by destroyers ENCOUNTER and
HOTSPUR, en route to the Mediterranean, via the Cape. ARGUS and the destroyers arrived at Gibraltar on the 30th.
REINA DEL PACIFICO and CLAN FERGUSON departed the
UK with personnel and stores for the Middle East and Malta, escorted by
armed merchant cruiser MALOJA, and arrived at Freetown on 4 August.
Departing Freetown on 5 August, the convoy was escorted by aircraft carrier
Light cruiser DRAGON, after refuelling at Lobito on 8 August and
departing on the 9th, joined the convoy on the 11th. RS.5 arrived
at the Cape on 17 August.
Anti-aircraft cruiser NAIAD was completed. Escorted by destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI,
in the Firth of Forth for gunnery trials.
the trials, the destroyers proceeded to Scapa Flow. En route, they were
ordered at 2249 to investigate a U-boat contact reported by aircraft in
59‑25N, 00‑45W at 2135. BEDOUIN and PUNJABI attacked a submarine
contact. They arrived at Scapa Flow on the 25th.
arrived at Scapa Flow on the 26th to work up and joined the 15th Cruiser
Destroyer INGLEFIELD departed Greenock at 1700 and destroyers HAMBLEDON,
ATHERSTONE, FERNIE, and GARTH departed Scapa Flow escorting anti-aircraft
cruiser COVENTRY at 2100.
the destroyers arrived at Loch Alsh at 0745 on the 25th for escort duty with
the 1st Minelaying Squadron in operation SN 31.
Destroyer TARTAR departed Liverpool at 2100 for Scapa Flow after repairs.
Destroyer TARTAR arrived at Scapa Flow at 2210/25th.
British minefield BS.27 was laid by minelayer TEVIOTBANK, escorted by destroyers
INTREPID, ICARUS, and IMPULSIVE.
heavy submarine disposition was ordered off the Norwegian coast.
Submarine TAKU departed Rosyth to be off Fro Havet by 3 August.
Submarine SNAPPER was to be relieved by submarine SPEARFISH on 2 August.
Submarine SEALION departed Rosyth on the 27th to operate in the Skagerrak
along 57-50N, between 8E and 9E.
Submarine TRIAD departed Rosyth on the 27th to patrol off Fejeosen.
Submarine SWORDFISH departed Blyth on the 27th and submarines TRIBUNE and
SUNFISH departed Rosyth on the 27th to patrol between the German declared
mined area and Lister.
Submarine PORPOISE, after laying mines in operation FD.23 was to
be off Lister.
Submarine SEAWOLF was to sail on the 28th to patrol off Skudesnes.
Submarine TRIDENT to leave her patrol area on the 30th to return to base.
Submarine H.28 was to be relieved by submarine STURGEON which in turn was to
be relieved by submarine URSULA when available.
Submarine TRUANT and Polish submarine WILK arrived at Rosyth.
Submarine WILK reported she had been bombed three times while on patrol, but
no damage had been done.
Submarine PORPOISE departed Blyth for the Humber.
Submarines SPEARFISH and URSULA departed Blyth for Rosyth.
three submarines arrived at their destinations later the same day.
Submarine CACHALOT departed Plymouth for Rothesay.
Minesweeping trawlers FLEMING (356grt) and BERBERIS (540grt) of the
4th Minesweeping Group were sweeping mines in the Thames Estuary.
German bombing sank FLEMING (Skipper E. G. Gurney RNR).
Nineteen ratings were lost, and three survivors rescued by trawler CORENA (352grt),
also of the 4th Minesweeping
KINGSTON GALENA (550grt, Skipper S. Jackson RNR) of
the 9th Anti-submarine Group and minesweeping trawler RODINO (230grt,
Temporary Skipper J. C. Winning RNR) were sunk by German bombing off Dover.
Jackson and fifteen ratings were lost on KINGSTON GALENA, and four
ratings on RODINO.
FN.231 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on the 26th.
and arrived later that day.
was no convoy MT.120.
FS.231 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WALLACE, and arrived
at Southend on the 26th.
FS.232 was cancelled.
Midshipman C. G. Mortimer, flying a Battle of RAF 12 Observation
Training Unit from Benson, was killed when his aircraft hit a cable and
crashed near North Stoke, Oxford.
steamer MEKNES (6127grt), carrying 1277 French sailors being
repatriated to Marseilles. was sunk by German motor torpedo boat S.27 in
50‑04N, 02‑14W. Three hundred and eighty three of the passengers died in the sinking,
and of the 104 crew, thirty three were missing.
Destroyers VISCOUNT, WOLVERINE, SABRE, and SHIKARI rescued the survivors.
TRIO (1451grt) was lost on a mine near Borkum. The
entire crew was rescued.
Trinity House Vessel steamer ALERT (793grt) was damaged by German
bombing near South Goodwin Light Vessel.
CELIO (3864grt) was sunk 10 miles off Tolmeita on a mine laid by submarine RORQUAL
on the 21st .
Thursday, 25 July
heavy cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER departed Trondheim to sweep the Barents Sea
between Tromso and Bear Island and west of Spitzbergen as a diversion for battlecruiser GNEISENAU's
return to Germany.
took the Finnish steamer ESTER THORDEN (1940 BRT) as a prize and her
floatplane searched the Finnish steamer WAPPU (1540 BRT), which was then
other contact was made and ADMIRAL HIPPER arrived at Kiel on 9 August.
GNEISENAU, light cruiser NURNBERG, with destroyers GALSTER,
LODY, JACOBI, and IHN departed Trondheim for Kiel. Off
Utsire, they were joined by torpedo boats LUCHS, JAGUAR, KONDOR, ILTIS,
and T.5. On the
26th, German torpedo boat LUCHS was sunk by submarine THAMES in the North
Sea in 58‑30N, 4‑30E (or on a floating mine off Karmoy.) The
ships arrived at Kiel on the 28th.
Shortly after the attack on LUCHS, submarine
THAMES (Lt Cdr W. D. Dunkerley)
was lost southwest of Stavanger, most likely mined on the night of 2/3
August in 56‑45N, 03‑26E. (Official sources indicate that THAMES, which was
not heard from after
departing Dundee on the 21st for patrol, was mined on the 23rd
in 57‑20N, 03‑10E. However, only two submarines were in the area of the LUCHS
sinking and submarine SNAPPER reported no attack. Submarine SWORDFISH, which
generally credited with the sinking was not in the immediate area.). Lt Cdr
Dunkerley, Lt F. R. C. Talbot, Lt F. H. Morris, Lt D. E. T. Newell RNR, Lt
Cdr (E) B. E. O'Brien, Acting S/Lt J. E. W. Worrall RNVR, and the fifty-six
ratings of the crew were lost with THAMES.
Anti-aircraft cruiser BONAVENTURE arrived at Scapa Flow from working up in
the West Indies.
Submarine PORPOISE departed Immingham for minelaying operation FD.23 off
Destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI, which were submarine hunting, were ordered
to return to Scapa Flow at 1110.
Temporary S/Lt (A) F. Dawson-Paul RNVR, flying a Spitfire of RAF 64
Squadron from Kenley, was shot down off Folkestone. Dawson-Paul died of
wounds as a prisoner of war on the 30th.
forces launched air and motor torpedo boats attacks on Convoy CW.8, composed
of 21 steamers in the Dover Strait.
first attacks, by
Ju87s fof I/STG.1 and IV/LG.1
CORHAVEN (991grt), POLGRANGE (804grt), LEO
all off Dover, HENRY MOON (1091grt) two miles
off Folkestone, and PORTSLADE (1091grt) four to five miles NE of
Dungeness, and damaged steamers TAMWORTH (1332grt),
NEWMINSTER (967grt), HODDER (1016grt), SUMMITY (554grt), and GRONLAND
(1264grt) off Dover. The entire crew of CORHAVEN was rescued, two crew from POLGRANGE were missing.
two crew killed and four missing from LEO, one crewman killed on HENRY MOON,
and the entire crew of PORTSLADE rescued. MTB.69 and MTB.70 were involved through the day in the rescuing
Late on the 25th and
into the 26th, German 1st S-Flotilla motor torpedo boats S.19, S.20,
and S.27 attacked the convoy. S.27 sank steamer LULONGA
(821grt) 15 miles south of Shoreham, S.20 sank BROADHURST
(1013grt) 14 miles south by west of Shoreham, and S.19 sank LONDON TRADER (646grt) 13 miles south by west of Shoreham. One
crewman was lost on LULONGA, four crew missing on BROADHURST, and one crewman killed on LONDON TRADER.
Destroyers BOREAS and BRILLIANT of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla were sent out
from Dover with MTB.69 and MTB.70 to repulse the German motor torpedo boats
then attacking convoy CW.8. Pursuing the S-boats away from the convoy and towards Calais, the destroyers
were attacked by German bombers.
from I/STG.1 and IV/LG.1 badly damaged BOREAS with two hits on her bridge.
O. J. Pemberton RNVR and sixteen ratings were killed and another five died
of wounds. Temporary Surgeon Lt J. F. Buchan RNVR, Midshipman R. B. Mann
RNR, 22 ratings, and a NAAFI staff member were wounded. They also
damaged BRILLIANT with two bomb hits in the stern, although neither bombs
exploded until they had passed completely through the ship. The tiller flat
was flooded and boiler room fan support cracked. There were no casualties. Norwegian motor torpedo boats MTB.5 and MTB.6 from Dover also assisted the
destroyers were towed into Dover by tugs, BOREAS by LADY BRASSEY. She was repaired at London completing on 23 January 1941. While
in dock at London, she was damaged by a near miss on 19
January 1941. This damage required three days to repair. BRILLIANT was repaired at Chatham completing on 19 September.
Minelayers SOUTHERN PRINCE (Flag Rear Admiral W. F. Wake-Walker),
MENESTHEUS, PORT NAPIER, and PORT QUEBEC with survey ship SCOTT departed Loch Alsh (Port ZA) at 1130/25th to lay a minefield, designated SN 31, on 26/27
July at the southern entrance of St George Channel between Anglesey and
Destroyers INGLEFIELD, ATHERSTONE, FERNIE, HAMBLEDON, and GARTH escorted the
minelayers and anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY operated as anti-aircraft
cover for the operation.
INGLEFIELD arrived in the Clyde at 1750/28th. The
Hunt-class destroyers at Loch Alsh at 1830/28th, and then proceeded
to Scapa Flow arriving at 0740/29th. COVENTRY arrived at Plymouth on the 27th.
FN.232 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VIMIERA, WINCHESTER and
patrol sloop SHELDRAKE, and arrived in the Tyne on the 27th.
American light cruiser TRENTON (CL 11), carrying the Luxembourg
Royal Family, and destroyers DICKERSON (DD.157) and HERBERT (DD.158) arrived
at Norfolk, Virginia. This
ended the active service of Squadron 40-T.
cruiser DESPATCH departed Bermuda for Trinidad.
Palestinian steamer ARNON (558grt) was damaged by Italian bombing at
SL.41 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser BULOLO to 8
August when the convoy merged with convoy SLF.41.
armed merchant cruiser proceeded to Greenock for fuel and water prior to
returning to Freetown. The convoys arrived at Liverpool on 14 August.
Friday, 26 July
Anti-aircraft cruiser NAIAD arrived at Scapa Flow after commissioning
Destroyers ZULU and MAORI departed Scapa Flow at 1300 to search for a German
submarine reported by aircraft in 60-55N, 00-53E at 2105/25th and in 61‑00N,
00‑20E at 0840/26th. No contact was made.
Destroyers FORTUNE and FURY departed Scapa Flow at midnight to sweep toward
North Minch then escort east bound convoy WN.3, escorted only by anti-submarine
trawlers ST ELSTAN (564grt) and KING SOL (468grt). No
submarines were encountered.
destroyers escorted the convoy was far as Rattray Head and joined outbound convoy
OA.191 for the return passage to Cape Wrath.
Submarine CACHALOT arrived at Rothesay.
Submarine H.31 arrived at Blyth.
submarine O.23 escorted by Dutch torpedo boat Z.5 departed Rothesay for
Dundee. They arrived at Stornoway on the 27th, departed on the
28th, but were then diverted to Rosyth because mining had closed Dundee. O.23 and Z.5 arrived at Rosyth on the 29th.
Skuas of 801 Squadron from Hatston attacked German installations near
Haugesand. One Skua was lost with S/Lt J. E. H. Myers and Naval Airman S. A.
Bass who were killed when their aircraft collided with another Skua. The second Skua
was able to return to Sumburgh but was not repairable.
OG.39 with 21 ships departed Liverpool escorted by corvette GERANIUM
from 26 to 29 July and sloop FOLKESTONE from 26 July to 6 August, and
arrived at Gibraltar on 6 August.
OA.190 departed Methil escorted by sloop FOWEY and corvette HIBISCUS from 26
to 30 July and sloop HASTINGS. Sloop FOWEY and corvette HIBISCUS were
detached to inbound convoy HX.59.
FN.233 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on the 28th.
MT.121 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.233 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloops BLACK SWAN and HASTINGS, and
arrived at Southend on the 28th.
sank steamers ACCRA (9337grt) in 55‑40N, 16‑28W and VINEMOOR
(4359grt) in 55‑43N, 16‑25W.
ACCRA carried 499 passengers and crew. Four passengers and four crew
were killed, and eight passengers and eight crewmen missing in the
sinking. The entire crew from VINEMOOR and the survivors from ACCRA
were picked up by Sloop ENCHANTRESS (79 survivors), corvette CLARKIA
(45 survivors), British steamer HOLLINSIDE (4172grt) (215
survivors), and Norwegian steamer LOKE (2421grt) (126 survivors).
HAYTOR (1189grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑47N, 01‑48W. One
crewman was lost.
BALZAC (963grt) was sunk on a mine one mile 124° from Roker
Pier Light, Sunderland. Six
crew were lost.
minesweepers M.61, M.89, and M.136 were sunk on mines laid off Hook of
Holland by the 20th Minelaying Destroyer Flotilla on 15 May.
MONTAN (1275grt) was sunk on an aerial mine
off the Ems river mouth.
cruiser DANAE arrived at Penang.
Italian submarine GUGLIEMOTTI and destroyers BATTISTI and NULLO sortied from
Massawa to search for a British steamer reported en route through the Red
Sea from Suez.
cruiser ORION departed Haifa and joined destroyers VAMPIRE and VENDETTA,
which had refuelled at Alexandria on the 26th, with armed boarding ships
CHAKLA and FIONA. The
ships proceeded to Castellerizo with the armed boarding ships and simulated
a landing for diversion purposes, arriving back at Alexandria on 30 August.
Troopship ATHLONE CASTLE with civilian evacuees departed Gibraltar,
escorted by destroyer VELOX. After
being detached at 1200/27th, the destroyer proceeded to a position off
Casablanca to embark a party during the night of 27/28 July. No
contact was made and she returned to Gibraltar. VELOX sailed again on the
29th, in an attempt to embark the party, but again returned to Gibraltar on the 30th
without making contact.
Saturday, 27 July
1248, the battlecruisers, cruisers, and destroyers at Scapa Flow were
brought to two and a half hour's notice. At 1628, eight destroyers were
brought to immediate notice and the remaining destroyers to one hour's
A, battlecruisers RENOWN (Vice Admiral Battlecruisers) and REPULSE, heavy
cruisers YORK, DEVONSHIRE, and AUSTRALIA of the 1st Cruiser Squadron, light
cruiser SHEFFIELD, with destroyers ASHANTI, MASHONA, TARTAR, PUNJABI,
FIREDRAKE, FORTUNE, ARROW, ANTHONY, and ACHATES departed Scapa Flow at 1915
in response to reports that German battlecruiser GNEISENAU was breaking back
DEVONSHIRE was detached to join heavy cruiser NORFOLK escorting an
cruisers with ASHANTI and MASHONA acted as an independent striking
Destroyers FORTUNE and FURY were recalled from escort duty with convoy WN.3
and arrived at Scapa Flow at 1800.
Destroyers ZULU and MAORI, on anti-submarine patrol northeast of the
Shetlands, were ordered at 2201 to rendezvous with Force A in 60‑00N, 01‑50E
contact was made and the forces arrived back at Scapa Flow at 0620/29th.
DEVONSHIRE and NORFOLK arrived at Scapa Flow on 2 August.
Destroyer KEPPEL, on passage from the Western Approaches to Scapa Flow, was
diverted at 0827 to the Clyde for escort duties.
destroyer arrived in the Clyde at 1600.
British minefield BS.28 was laid on 27/28 July by destroyers EXPRESS, ESK,
INTREPID, ICARUS, and IMPULSIVE.
submarine WILK was docked at Rosyth.
Submarine SWORDFISH departed Blyth on patrol at the mouth of the Skagerrak.
aircraft launched heavy air attacks on the Dover area.
CODRINGTON (Captain G. F. Stevens-Guille DSO, OBE, D.1),
under refit, was badly hit in Dover Harbour and run aground with a broken
back, but was damaged beyond repair. Three
ratings were wounded.
Destroyer WALPOLE alongside depot ship SANDHURST in Dover Harbour was badly
damaged. She was towed to Chatham by tug LADY BRASSEY, escorted by
destroyers VIVACIOUS and damaged BRILLIANT and later moved to London for repairs
completed in March 1941. SANDHURST was also badly damaged. She was further damaged in another
raid on the 29th and was towed from Dover on 1 August for Portsmouth and
then eventually Liverpool.
Following the loss of CODRINGTON, all destroyers were temporarily withdrawn
Destroyers MONTROSE and WREN of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla were escorting six
minesweeper trawlers off Aldeburgh when they were attacked by
aircraft from KG.53. WREN (Cdr F. W. G. Harker) was sunk in 52‑10N,
02‑06E and MONTROSE badly damaged by near misses.
survivors were picked up by MONTROSE and
minesweeper HALCYON. Cdr Harker, S/Lt G. D. Astley-Cooper, Temporary S/Lt E.
A. Dicks RNVR, Warrant Engineer V. S. T. Hunt, and thirty one ratings were
lost. Temporary Surgeon Lt D. L. P. de Courcey RNVR, Lt G. K. Horsey, and six
ratings were wounded. MONTROSE was towed to Harwich and repaired at Chatham completing
in June 1941.
cruiser GALATEA arrived at Rosyth.
OB.190 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WARWICK and corvette
HEARTSEASE from 27 to 30 July. The escort was detached to inbound convoy HX.59.
FN.234 departed Southend, and arrived at the Tyne on the 29th.
FN.235 did not sail.
MT.122 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.234 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and sloop LOWESTOFT,
and arrived at Southend on the 29th.
HX.61 departed Halifax at 1000 escorted by Canadian destroyers OTTAWA and
Destroyer OTTAWA was detached on other duties on the 28th and did not return
immediately to Halifax.
Canadian destroyers turned the convoy over to the ocean escort, armed
merchant cruiser LACONIA and destroyer SAGUENAY returned to Halifax early on
the 28th. The armed merchant cruiser was detached on 8 August.
BHX.61 departed Bermuda on the 26th escorted locally by sloop PENZANCE and
an ocean escort of armed merchant cruiser RAJPUTANA. The convoy rendezvoused
with convoy HX.61 on the 31st and the armed merchant cruiser was detached.
Destroyers VANQUISHER, VISCOUNT, sloop DEPTFORD, and corvette MALLOW
joined on 8 August. Destroyers ACHATES and ANTHONY joined on 9 August. On 10
August, ACHATES, ANTHONY and MALLOW were detached.
The remaining escorts arrived with the convoy at Liverpool on 11 August.
U.34 sank steamers
SAMBRE (5260grt) in 56‑37N, 17‑53W and THIARA
(10,364grt) in 56‑37N, 17‑56W, and attacked another
steamer traveling with SAMBRE without success. Both ships were
dispersed from convoy OB.188. Destroyer WINCHELSEA rescued the
entire crew (48) from SAMBRE, but
25 from THIARA were missing
DURDHAM (477grt) was sunk on a mine 1.54 miles 140.5°
from Lavernock, Bristol Channel, 51-23-18N, 3-08-48W. Eight crew were lost.
SALVESTRIA (11,938grt) was sunk on a mine 2.8 miles 42° from
Inchkeith Light House. Ten
crew were lost.
Belgian fishing vessel
CHARLES MADELEINE (99grt) was lost, cause unknown.
Steamer WESTAVON (2842grt) was damaged by German bombing in 52‑01N,
destroyers and submarines on neutrality patrol in the Gulf of Patras were
attacked by Italian bombers.
AS.2 of four steamers started its voyage south with light cruiser CAPETOWN
and destroyers DEFENDER and STUART. On the
28th, the convoy rendezvoused with light cruiser LIVERPOOL, destroyers
DAINTY and DIAMOND and passed through Kithera Strait.
Battleships MALAYA, WARSPITE, RAMILLIES, aircraft carrier EAGLE, and
destroyers JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN, MOHAWK, HYPERION, ILEX, HERO, HEREWARD,
IMPERIAL, and DECOY departed Alexandria at 0300 to cover the convoy
Australian light cruiser SYDNEY and light cruiser NEPTUNE departed
Alexandria to meet the Mediterranean Fleet south of Crete.
MOHAWK operated off Derna during the night of 28 July to pass
wireless messages, and rejoined the main force during the morning of 29
WARSPITE, ILEX, IMPERIAL, and HYPERION proceeded
ahead of the Fleet and were joined by destroyers HOSTILE and JANUS from
Alexandria. The ships arrived at Alexandria at 2000/29th.
MALAYA, RAMILLIES, EAGLE, and escorting destroyers STUART, DEFENDER, JERVIS,
JUNO, NUBIAN, MOHAWK, HERO, HEREWARD and convoy AS.2 with LIVERPOOL arrived at Alexandria
on the 30th.
CAPETOWN and destroyers DAINTY and DIAMOND proceeded with the convoy
to Port Said.
Submarine PARTHIAN attacked two steamers southeast of Sicily without result.
Italian convoy Operation TVL began when steamers MARIA EUGENIO, GLORIA
STELLA, MAULY, GBAINSIZZA, COL DI LANA, FRANCESCO BARBARO, and CITTA DI BARI
departed Naples, escorted by torpedo boats PROCIONE, ORIONE, ORSA, and
PEGASO of the 4th Torpedo Boat Division. From Catania, destroyers of the
10th Destroyer Division with MAESTRALE, LIBECCIO, GRECALE, and SCIROCCO
the convoy escort,
and arrived at Tripoli on 1 August, despite an attack by
August, steamers MARCO POLO, CITTA DI NAPOLI, and CITTA DI PALERMO departed
Naples for Benghasi. The convoy was escorted from Naples to Messina by
torpedo boats CIRCE, CLIO, CLIMENE, and CENTAURO of the 13th Torpedo Boat
Division. From Messina, the convoy was joined by torpedo boats AIRONE,
ARIEL, ALCIONE, and ARETUSA of the 1st Torpedo Boat Division.
Providing distance support on the 30th and 1 August, heavy cruiser POLA
(Flagship of 1st Cruiser Division), ZARA, FIUME, GORIZIA, and TRENTO of the
1st Cruiser Division with destroyers ALFIERI, ORIANI, CARDUCCI, and GIOBERTI
of the 9th Destroyer Division, LANCIERE, CARABINERE, CORZZIERE, and ALPINO
of the 12th Destroyer Division,Light cruisers DA BARBIANO, DI GUISSANO of
the 4th Cruiser Division, destroyers PIGAFETTA, ZENO, and MALOCELLO of the
15th Destroyer Division, light cruisers EUGENIO DI SAVIOA, DUCA DEGLI
ABRUZZI, ATTENDOLO, MONTECUCCOLI of the 7th Cruiser Division, and
destroyers GRANATIERE, FUCLIERE, BERSAGLIERE, and ASCARI of the 13th
Destroyer Division, and arrived at Benghasi at midnight on the 31st.
Convoy HG.40F of three ships departed
with a local escort of destroyer VIDETTE from the 27th to 31st.
Destroyer MACKAY escorted the convoy from 31 July to 3 August.
VIDETTE arrived at Plymouth on 2 August for refuelling, and the convoy
reached Liverpool on the 3rd.
cruiser DAUNTLESS departed Penang.
Sunday, 28 July
cruiser NORFOLK and destroyer WATCHMAN departed Greenock at 0200 with
British steamer GEORGIC (27759grt) and Dutch steamer KONINGIN EMMA (4135grt)
for Reykavik. Off
the Mull of Kintyre at 0500, destroyer VORTIGERN joined the force from
Anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY arrived at Plymouth for drydocking. On 19
August, COVENTRY departed for Greenock arriving on the 21st.
Norwegian yacht MASKI was sunk by gunfire of submarine SWORDFISH in
55-32N, 1-31E. Four
Norwegians were rescued by the submarine which arrived back at Blyth on 8
Submarine URSULA departed Rosyth for Blyth, arriving later that same day.
Submarine H.44 departed Harwich for patrol north of Hinder.
submarines O.21 and O.22 were undocked at Rosyth.
Submarine depot ship TITANIA departed the Tyne for Blyth, where she arrived
later the same day.
OA.191 departed Methil. No escorts were listed.
MT.123 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the 29th.
FS.235 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on the 30th.
sank steamer AUCKLAND STAR (13,212grt) in 52‑17N, 12‑32W. The crew
rowed for Ireland and arrived three days later.
ORLOCK HEAD (1563grt) was badly damaged by German bombing in
58‑44N, 04‑21W. She was hit by three bombs and also hit by
strafing, and sank later that day 6.7 miles 320° from Strathie Point. Six
crew were lost.
Destroyers BERKELEY and AMAZON departed Scapa Flow at 0530 to assist, but
although they did not locate the
ship, did find the survivors in their boats, who were landed
patrol trawler STAUNTON (283grt, Skipper S. W. Campbell RNR) was sunk on a
mine eight cables 50° from East Knoll Buoy.
Campbell and twelve ratings were lost, and there were no survivors.
Greek steamer ERMIONI (440grt), carrying military supplies to Italy, was
intercepted and captured by light cruisers NEPTUNE and SYDNEY in the Aegean.
Together with destroyer DECOY, they had been detached from the Main Fleet to
intercept the ship and were sweeping in the Aegean. ERMIONI was scuttled.
Steamer MATHURA (8890grt) was damaged by Italian bombing at Aden.
armed merchant cruiser THOR damaged armed merchant cruiser ALCANTARA in an
engagement off Trinidade, off the coast of Brazil. Lt R.
W. Pickersgill RNR and one rating were killed and seven crew wounded
in the British ship. Heavy
cruiser DORSETSHIRE returned to Freetown for refuelling, arriving on the
29th, and left to search for the German raider, but did not
make contact. ALCANTARA arrived at Rio de Janiero for repairs on 1 August.
the political situation with the Vichy French at Duala, light cruiser DRAGON
departed Duala and proceeded to Lagos, arriving on the 29th. She was relieved by sloop BRIDGEWATER on 1 August.
SLF.41 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser PRETORIA CASTLE
to 10 August. Armed merchant cruiser BULOLO joined on the 8th when convoy
SL.41 merged. On the 10th, both escorts were detached.
Destroyers HESPERUS, SKEENA, WARWICK and corvettes CLARKIA and CLEMATIS
joined the same day and escorted the convoy to Liverpool, arriving on the
Monday, 29 July
Home Fleet at Scapa Flow was brought to four hour's notice at 0905.
DELIGHT (Cdr M. Fogg-Elliot DSO) of the 3rd Destroyer
Flotilla departed Portsmouth at 1500 for the Clyde, but was sunk by German bombing off
- The new “Freya” radar, 60 miles away, spotted the destroyer and vectored
in the bombers.)
ratings were killed, four missing, and six died of wounds. Fogg-Elliott, Midshipman R. T. Hale RNR, and Gunner (T) W. W. G.
Hubbert, and fifty six ratings were wounded. Her survivors were rescued by
ML.102, ML.105, MA/SB.1, MA/SB.5, destroyers BROKE, VANSITTART, and auxiliary patrol
boats PILOT (103grt) and CONQUEROR (177grt).
Destroyers SIKH and AMAZON departed Scapa Flow at 0400, INGLEFIELD and
KEPPEL the Clyde at 0535, and HIGHLANDER, VISCOUNT, VANQUISHER, and
WANDERER from Liverpool to join inbound Canadian troop convoy TC.6. The convoy
was met in 57-12N, 21-50W at 2000/30th, and safely arrived at
Greenock at 1430/1 August.
Destroyer ZULU departed Scapa Flow at 1600 for the Tyne where she arrived at
0700/30th for a refit. Part of the refit included the placement of a
twin 4in anti-aircraft gun in her X gun position.
Destroyer FERNIE departed Scapa Flow at 1315 for Dover to join the Dover
Command, but en route, was diverted to Portsmouth.
Submarine PORPOISE laid minefield FD.23 in 55‑56N, 06‑18E off the Norwegian
this minelay, the minelaying submarines were diverted to the Bay of Biscay,
was no more submarine minelaying off Norway until January 1941.
Submarine SEALION attacked a U.62 with gunfire and torpedoes west of
submarine iwas damaged.
Submarine TRITON sighted a German submarine off Korsfjord steering west.
Submarine H.50 arrived at Harwich.
Submarine L.26, Dutch submarine O.23, and Dutch torpedo boat Z.6 arrived at
Swordfish aircraft was lost in a torpedo exercise near Lady Isle. Probationary
Temporary Midshipman (A) G J A Shelley RNVR, was killed.
Anti-submarine trawler DANEMAN (516grt) engaged German motor torpedo boats
22 miles WSW of Beachy Head between 0044 and 0315.
OB.191 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WALKER and corvette
PERIWINKLE from 30 July to 2 August. The escort was detached to inbound convoy
FN.236 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on the 31st.
MT.124 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.236 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WINCHESTER and sloop WESTON,
and arrived at Southend on the 31st.
sank steamer CLAN MENZIES (7336grt) in 54‑10N, 12W. Six crew were
GRONLAND (1264grt), which had been damaged on the 25th, was sunk in outer Dover Harbour by German bombing. Nineteen crew were killed.
GULZAR (197grt) was sunk by German bombing in the
submarine basin in Dover Harbour. The entire crew was rescued.
OUSEBRIDGE (5601grt) was sunk on a mine in Queen's Channel,
Liverpool, 800 feet 5° from Q. 5 red buoy. Her bow was blown off and back
broken. Two crew were killed.
MOIDART (1262grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑59N, 01‑49E.
Eleven crew were killed.
CLAN MONROE (5952grt) was badly damaged on a mine in 51‑52N,
01‑48E. Thirteen crew were lost. She anchored off South Shipwash on the 30th
with a broken back, was taken in tow on the 31st but grounded 3.8 miles 224°
from Orfordness Light House.
LEACH'S ROMANCE (44grt) was sunk on a mine 10½ miles due
south of Kemp Town. The crew of four were lost.
Special service vessel
UMVOTI (5183grt) was sunk as a blockship.
Attacked by Italian bombers, light cruiser LIVERPOOL of the AS.2 escort was
struck by a bomb which passed through B gun deck without exploding. One
rating was killed and two wounded.
cruiser GLOUCESTER arrived at Port Said.
Tuesday, 30 July
Destroyers MAORI and FURY departed Scapa Flow at 0010 to search for a German
submarine reported at 2050 by anti-submarine trawler LE TIGER (516grt) in
56‑42N, 5‑33W, astern of her convoy off Cape Wrath. The destroyers were
recalled at 1238 later that day .
Battlecruiser REPULSE with destroyers FORTUNE, ECHO, and FIREDRAKE departed
Scapa Flow at 1800 for low angle and high angle full calibre firings.
cruiser NORFOLK arrived at Reykavik.
merchant cruiser MOOLTAN departed Devonport for Freetown. Off Land's End,
she was damaged by German bombing, and proceeded to Liverpool for repairs
which were completed 23 August. MOOLTAN departed Liverpool on 30 August to
return to Freetown.
British minefield BS.29 was laid by minelayers PLOVER and WILLEM VAN DER ZAAN
with destroyers INTREPID and ESK.
Submarine URSULA departed Blyth on patrol off southern Norway.
submarines O.21 and O.22 departed Rosyth on patrol.
A Swordfish of 812 Squadron collided with another Swordfish south
of North Coates during an exercise. Lt J. H. Barnes and S/Lt R. M. Andrews were killed
in one, and S/Lt J. Gaillard and Lt D. Groome in the other.
Minesweeper NIGER was damaged in a collision with minesweeping trawler
LAUREL (590grt) in the North Sea. NIGER was repaired at Grimsby completing in August.
Minesweeper TEDWORTH was damaged by German bombing at Dover, and repaired at Portsmouth from 6 August to 12 December.
OA.192 departed Methil escorted by destroyer ST LAURENT and sloop SANDWICH
from 30 July to 3 August , then anti-submarine trawler ST KENAN from 30 July to
1 August. The destroyer and sloop were detached to inbound convoy HX.60.
FN.237 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and sloop LOWESTOFT.
Destroyers JAVELIN and JUPITER joined on the 31st, and the convoy arrived in the
Tyne on 1 August.
MT.125 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.237 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on 1 August.
Belgian motor trawler JOHN (197grt) was damaged by German bombing 35 miles
WNW of Bull Rock, southwest Ireland.
Aircraft carrier ARGUS, with destroyers ENCOUNTER, HOTSPUR, GALLANT, and
GREYHOUND arrived at Gibraltar.
HG.40 with 24 ships departed Gibraltar escorted locally by destroyer WISHART and anti-submarine trawler LEYLAND, which was detached on 3 August. Sloop
WELLINGTON escorted the convoy from 30 July to 14 August.
Destroyer WESTCOTT from outbound convoy OG.40 escorted the convoy from 10 to 14
August, which arrived at Liverpool on 14 August.
of the Mediterranean Fleet, including battleship RAMILLIES and the light
cruisers and destroyers operating in the Aegean on the 28th, arrived back at
Submarine OSWALD departed Alexandria on the 19th for patrol in the Straits
of Messina. On the
30th, she sighted an Italian cruiser and later in the day, four other
cruisers escorted by destroyers, but was unable to attack either contact.
She then made an attack against an Operation TVL convoy of steamers
MARIA EUGENIA, GLORIA STELLA, MAULY, BAINSIZZA, COL DI LANA, FRANCESCO
BARBARO, and CITTA DI BARI en route to Tripoli from Naples escorted by
destroyers MAESTRALE, LIBECCIO, GRECALE,and SCIROCCO with torpedo boats PROCIONE, ORIONE, ORSA, and PEGASO but this attack was also unsuccessful.
Submarine REGULUS, which arrived from Hong Kong at Singapore on the 2nd,
departed Singapore on the 3rd, but on the 4th encountered bad
weather with damage to her superstructure. She arrived Colombo on 9 July, departed Colombo on the 10th, arrived
Aden on the 20th, departed Aden on the 23rd, and Port Said on the 28th. REGULUS arrived at Alexandria for duty with the Mediterranean
Fleet on the 30th.
Submarine REGENT, which departed Hong Kong on 30 June, arrived Singapore on
the 6 July, departed Singapore on the 11th, Colombo on the 18th, then
arrived with Australian sloop PARRAMATTA at Aden on the 30th. She left Aden on the 31st for Suez and duty with the
Mediterranean Fleet, while PARRAMATTA began escort duties in the Red Sea.
Wednesday, 31 July
Destroyers WHITSHED and WILD SWAN of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla and
AMBUSCADE of the 16th Destroyer Flotilla departed Harwich late on the 30th
to conduct a sweep in the North Sea off the Zuider Zee. Returning to Harwich
after the sweep, WHITSHED was mined off
Harwich and badly damaged with the forward part of the ship collapsing. Partly under her own power until
it was gradually lost and partly in tow of WILD SWAN, she was taken stern first to
Harwich, screened by AMBUSCADE. Patrol sloop PUFFIN and two MTBs
also assisted, and tug KROOMAN was also sent to assist. WHITSHED repaired at Chatham completing on 21 December.
Submarine H.28 arrived at Harwich.
OB.192 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer VANOC with corvettes MALLOW
and GLADIOLUS from 31 July to 4 August. The destroyer was detached to
FN.238 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on 2 August.
MT.126 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that day.
FS.238 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop FLEETWOOD. On 1 August,
destroyers WOOLSTON, JUPITER, and KELVIN joined. Destroyers JUPITER and
KELVIN were detached later that day. On 2 August, destroyers AMBUSCADE,
MALCOLM, and WILD SWAN joined, and arrived at Southend on 2 August.
sank steamers JAMAICA PROGRESS (5475grt) at 56‑26N, 08‑30W and
JERSEY CITY (6322grt) in 55‑47N, 09‑18W. Six crew and one gunner were
lost on JAMAICA PROGRESS, and two on JERSEY CITY. Steamer GLOUCESTER CITY
rescued 43 survivors from JERSEY CITY, who were taken into Liverpool by
- trawler NEWLAND rescued thirty JAMAICA PROGRESS survivors.)
STALHEIM (1298grt) was sunk on a mine one half mile
WSW of South Pier, Port Talbot. Five
crew were lost.
HX.62 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyer SAGUENAY and auxiliary
patrol vessel FRENCH at 0715. At
midnight the convoy was turned over to armed merchant cruiser AURANIA.
FRENCH detached on 1 August
and SAGUENAY on the 2nd,
BHX.62 departed Bermuda on the 30th escorted locally by sloop PENZANCE, and
with ocean escort provided by armed merchant cruiser MONTCLARE. The convoy rendezvoused
with convoy HX.62 on 4 August when MONTCLARE detached. AURANIA continued on
with the convoy until the 11th, when she detached. HX.62 reached Liverpool on
Cruiser Squadron 7, light cruisers ORION, NEPTUNE, and SYDNEY, with
destroyers NUBIAN, JUNO, and GARLAND departed Alexandria at 0600 to operate
in the Aegean as a diversion for operation HURRY, the transfer of aircraft
to Malta by Force H
Battleships ROYAL SOVEREIGN and MALAYA, aircraft carrier EAGLE, with
destroyers JERVIS, HERO, HASTY, HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, ILEX, HOSTILE, and
VENDETTA departed Alexandria at 1420 to carry out gunnery practices and
proceed westward towards Gavdo Island until after dark on 1 August.
BS.2 departed Suez, escorted by sloops GRIMSBY and CLIVE. The sloops were
detached on 3 August when anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE, light cruiser
LEANDER, and sloop FLAMINGO joined. The convoy was dispersed on 9 August.
armed merchant cruiser PINGUIN sank steamer DOMINGO DE LARRINGA
(5358grt) in the South Atlantic in 05‑27S, 18‑21W. Eight
crew were lost, and 30 made prisoners of
early July to late August, light cruisers (mainly) of the Home Fleet were deployed
in the south of England for invasion defense under operation PURGE.
At Humber and Sheerness
- AURORA and GALATEA of the 2nd
Between Humber, Sheerness, Firth of Forth, and Southend -
SHEFFIELD and BIRMINGHAM of the 18th Cruiser Squadron. They arrived at
from the Humber at 0750/2nd.
Portsmouth - MANCHESTER of the 18th Cruiser Squadron.
Plymouth - NEWCASTLE of the 18th Cruiser Squadron.
Clyde - heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE of the 1st Cruiser Squadron.
end of July, the 5th Destroyer Flotilla was transferred from Scapa
Flow to Immingham for invasion defense duties.
Destroyers transferred at that time were JAVELIN, JAGUAR, JUPITER, JACKAL,
KIPLING, and KELVIN.
end of July, submarines were assigned to patrol in the Bay of Biscay off
Bordeaux. The first two were TIGRIS, which departed Rothesay on the 16th and returned on 5 August, and TALISMAN, which departed
Greenock on the 27th to relieve TIGRIS.
August, the patrols continued with CACHALOT sailing on the 15th, TRIBUNE on
the 16th, TIGRIS for a second patrol on the 27th, and TALISMAN for a second
patrol on the 29th, all from Rothesay.
submarine O.15 was out of service with defects at Bermuda.
end of July, the following destroyers were under repair -
ACHATES at Scapa Flow boiler
cleaning, ANTELOPE at Tyne repairing, ANTHONY at Scapa Flow boiler cleaning,
BEAGLE at Portsmouth repairing, BEDOUIN at Scapa Flow boiler cleaning,
BRILLIANT at Chatham repairing, BOADICEA at Portsmouth repairing, BOREAS at
London repairing, BROKE at Plymouth boiler cleaning, DIANA at London
refitting, DOUGLAS at Portsmouth refitting, ESKIMO at Barrow repairing,
ECLIPSE at Clyde refitting, ELECTRA at Greenock repairing, FAME at Rosyth
repairing, HARVESTER at Liverpool boiler cleaning, ISIS at Plymouth
repairing, IVANHOE at Chatham repairing, JERSEY at Hull repairing, KASHMIR
at Hull repairing, KELLY at Tyne repairing, MATABELE at Falmouth repairing,
MONTROSE at Chatham repairing, SHIKARI at Portsmouth refitting, SOMALI at
Liverpool repairing, VANESSA at Sheerness refitting, WALLACE at Rosyth
refitting, WATERHEN at Suez refitting, WHITEHALL at Plymouth reboilering,
WISHART at Gibraltar refitting, WITCH at Plymouth repairing, ZULU at Tyne
repairing, Polish BLYSKAWICA and BURZA, both at Portsmouth repairing.