Events - July-August 1940
of France, Battle of Britain,
War in Mediterranean
NELSON with destroyers BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, and MASHONA
departed Scapa Flow in the evening to conduct night
firings. Because of heavy fog, they were unable to return
to Scapa Flow until 1635 on the 16th.
cruiser DEVONSHIRE departed Scapa Flow for Rosyth to
change secondary armament.
cruiser AURORA arrived at Scapa Flow from the Humber.
destroyers HAMBLEDON and ATHERSTONE departed Scapa Flow at
1315 to rendezvous off Aberdeen at 2000 with steamer
HIGHLANDER (1216grt) and tanker PRESTOL (2629grt) for
Lerwick and Scapa Flow, respectively. On the 16th,
HAMBLEDON and PRESTOL arrived off Scapa Flow, but due to
heavy fog, the ships could not enter harbour until 1100.
ATHERSTONE arrived at Scapa Flow at 1113 on the 17th.
mine explosion close aboard damaged mine destructor ship
BURLINGTON at Aultbrea.
ship, escorted by anti-submarine trawler THIRLMERE,
proceeded to Stornoway on the 17th for repairs. She
returned to Aultbrea on the 18th, again escorted by
OB.184 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WARWICK
and corvette HEARTSEASE form 15 to 18 July. The escorts
were detached to inbound convoy HX.56.
FN.223 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VALOROUS,
sloop STORK, and patrol sloop WIDGEON, and arrived in the
Tyne on the 17th.
MT.111 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the
FS.222 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop BLACK SWAN and
HASTINGS, and arrived at Southend on the 16th.
HX.58 departed Halifax at 0730 escorted by Canadian
destroyers SAGUENAY and ASSINIBOINE which turned the
convoy over to the ocean escort, armed merchant cruiser
RANPURA, and returned to Halifax at 0835 the next day.
at sea, the Canadian destroyers investigated an aircraft
down in the sea.
BHX.58 departed Bermuda on the 14th escorted locally by
sloop PENZANCE and an ocean escort of armed merchant
cruiser JERVIS BAY. The convoy rendezvoused with convoy
HX.58 on the 19th and the armed merchant cruiser was
was detached on the 28th.
the 27th, destroyers SKEENA, WESTCOTT, sloop ENCHANTRESS,
corvettes CAMELLIA and CLARKIA, plus anti-submarine
trawlers LADY ELSA and ST KENAN joined the convoy.
Destroyer WESTCOTT and sloop ENCHANTRESS were detached,
and arrived at Liverpool on the 31st.
1142 on the 15th, suspicious ships were reported southwest
of Land's End in 4810N, 7-30W, steering 350°. Light
cruiser NEWCASTLE (right - postwar, NavyPhotos) with
destroyers BROKE, MACKAY, WOLVERINE, WITHERINGTON,
HESPERUS, and RESTIGOUCHE departed Plymouth to
investigate. At 1708, the force, less MACKAY and BROKE
detached to assist steamer CITY OF LIMERICK, returned to
sank Greek steamer EVDOXIA (2018grt) forty miles
southwest of Bull Rock, southwest Ireland. One crew was
missing. The same U-boat also sank Greek steamer NAFTILOS
(3531grt) in 48‑05N, 10‑25W. The entire crew was
rescued, but one crewman later died.
torpedoed a tanker off
She observed the torpedo breaking the tanker's back, but
there is no record of the damage.
BELLEROCK (1199grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑20N,
Seventeen crew were lost.
bombing damaged steamer HEWORTH (2855grt) in
convoy FN.223 ten miles south of Aldeburgh Light Vessel.
was taken in tow for Harwich, but was grounded three
cables 267° from East Shipwash Buoy. Four crew were lost
and the survivors rescued by destroyer VALOROUS.
CITY OF LIMERICK (1359grt) was sunk by German
bombing, 100 miles 270° from Ushant in 48‑39N, 07‑12W.
Destroyers MACKAY and BROKE were ordered to the area to
assist and hunt
crew were killed and the survivors rescued by Belgian
trawler ROGER JEANNINE.
bombing sank Panamanian steamer FOSSOULA (1282grt)
240 miles northwest of Cape Finisterre.
crew went missing.
steamer ZBARAZ (2088grt) in convoy FN.223 was
badly damaged by German bombing ten miles south of
Aldeburgh Light Vessel. She was taken in tow by tug ST
OLAVES, but sank near South Ship Head Buoy. There were no
casualties and the survivors were rescued by trawler
VIDONIA and tug MURIA.
bombing sank Estonian steamer MERISAAR (2136grt),
captured by U.99 on the 12th, off Queenstown. The German
prize crew was rescued and made prisoners of war.
steamer ALPHA (853grt) was sunk by German bombing
in 48‑51N, 06‑34W. The entire crew was picked up by
destroyers BEDOUIN, MASHONA, and TARTAR which were
sweeping in the area.
tug DRAUGEN (184grt) was sunk on a German mine off
Salhus, north of Bergen.
RAINBOW, which had departed Colombo on 24 June, Aden on
the 7th, and Port Said on the 14th, arrived at Alexandria
from Singapore for duty with the Mediterranean Fleet.
cruiser HAWKINS arrived at Montevideo.
FIREDRAKE and ECHO departed Reykavik at 1030 with liners
ORMONDE (14,982grt) and ULSTER PRINCE (3791grt) for the
Clyde where they arrived on the 18th at 0500.
Force C, heavy cruisers SUSSEX, SHROPSHIRE, light cruisers
SOUTHAMPTON (Vice Admiral CS 18), GLASGOW, and destroyers
COSSACK (D.4), SIKH, ZULU, MAORI, FURY, FORTUNE,
INGLEFIELD (D.3), and IMOGEN departed Scapa Flow at 1030
to attack German ships off Denmark. The force swept
southeast until 1543 when the course was reversed due to
negative air reports. SHROPSHIRE was detached at 2315 for
the Clyde for refitting.
2355 on the 16th, off Duncansby Head in Pentland Firth in
58‑34N, 02‑54W, GLASGOW accidentally collided with IMOGEN
(Cdr C. L. Firth MVO) in heavy fog. IMOGEN's fuel
tanks caught fire and the ship had to be abandoned. The
destroyer was not seen to sink.
Seventeen ratings were lost, while GLASGOW rescued ten
officers and 123 ratings. Temporary Surgeon Lt J. W.
Ashley RNVR, and ten ratings were injured, and one ratings
later died of injuries.
had a six foot gash in her port side 60 feet back from the
bow above the water line. Midshipman E. J. M. Lucas and
one rating were lost in her. She arrived at Scapa Flow at
0936 with SOUTHAMPTON, with SUSSEX arriving at 1050/17th.
SIKH, MAORI, ZULU, FURY, FORTUNE, and INGLEFIELD arrived
at Scapa Flow at 1750 after searching for IMOGEN's hulk.
Light House keepers had reported a ship drifting westward
in Pentland Firth.
Destroyer ATHERSTONE departed Scapa Flow at 1445 on the
18th to search south of Stromna, but returned to Scapa
Flow that evening at 1650 after failing to locate her.
departed Scapa Flow at 1800/19th with destroyers
INGLEFIELD, ASHANTI, and MASHONA. Off Cape Wrath,
destroyer DIANA joined while ASHANTI and MASHONA returned
to Scapa Flow arriving at 0457 on the 20th.
arrived at Liverpool escorted by INGLEFIELD and DIANA at
1200/21st for repairs completed on 4 September.
NELSON with destroyers BEDOUIN, MASHONA, and PUNJABI
arrived at Scapa Flow at 1640 after full calibre firings.
FN.224 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WOOLSTON,
sloop FLEETWOOD, and patrol sloop SHEARWATER. The patrol
sloop was detached later that day. On the 17th, destroyers
JAVELIN and JUPITER covered the convoy, and arrived at the
Tyne 18 July.
MT.112 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the
FS.223 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on the
badly damaged tanker SCOTTISH MINSTREL (6998grt) from
convoy HX.55 in 56‑10N, 10‑20W. Nine crew were lost and
the survivors rescued by steamer FISCUS (4815grt).
(Uboat.net - 32 survivors rescued by corvette GARDENIA).
MINSTREL sank on the 17th.
PHOENIX (Lt Cdr G. H. Nowell) attacked Italian
escort ship ALBATROS off Augusta and was sunk in the
counterattack. Lt Cdr Nowell, Lt G. A. Liversidge, Lt M.
G. Henderson, A/Lt K. Barkley, Warrant Engineer F. Pegler,
and the fifty ratings of the crew were lost.
ship MIRROR departed Gibraltar, escorted by destroyer
FOXHOUND, to cut to Fayal-Malaga cable and join the Fayal
end to Gibraltar. She later returned to Gibraltar and
sailed again on the 19th, escorted by destroyer WRESTLER
to continue the work.
work continued on the 21st with MIRROR escorted again by
WRESTLER, which was later relieved by destroyer VIDETTE.
armed merchant cruiser THOR sank steamer WENDOVER
(5487grt) in the South Atlantic at 23‑08S, 34‑49W. Four
crew were killed, while 36 crew and one gunner were made
prisoners of war.
cruiser DORSETSHIRE departed Freetown to search for a
German naval unit in the South Atlantic.
SL.40 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser
joined the convoy on 1 August, when convoy SLF.40 merged
with SL.40. On 2 August, both merchant cruisers were
detached and arrived at
for fuel and water on 3 August.
departed Greenock on 6 August to return to Freetown.
2 August, sloop ABERDEEN joined the convoy. On 3 August,
destroyer WALKER and corvette PERIWINKLE and on 4 August,
corvettes GODETIA and PRIMROSE joined, and arrived at
Liverpool on 8 August.
BEDOUIN and PUNJABI departed Scapa Flow at 1120 to patrol
in 60-20N, 01‑34E.
was detached at 1230 from this force to investigate a
trawler reported by aircraft at 1132 in 60-13N, 0-45E,
steering 270, and flying the signal "I have sighted a mine
in the position indicated. "
1415 on the 18th, BEDOUIN and PUNJABI were ordered to
return to Scapa Flow.
trawler, located by PUNJABI, was found to be manned by
Norwegians. PUNJABI escorted the trawler towards Lerwick
until 2115 when she parted company and proceeded to Scapa
ASHANTI and MASHONA departed Scapa Flow at 1120 to patrol
in 59‑08N, 00‑12E.
destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI were ordered to return to
Scapa Flow, ASHANTI and MASHONA were ordered to move their
patrol to 58-30N, 1-45W to cover the passage of convoys
across Moray Firth.
2346, ASHANTI and MASHONA were ordered to return to Scapa
Flow by 1000/19th. These destroyers arrived back at Scapa
Flow at 1100/19th after being delayed by fog.
HAMBLEDON and FERNIE departed Scapa Flow at 1830 to
reinforce convoy WN.1 off Cape Wrath at about midnight.
L.23, escorted by Dutch torpedo boat Z.8, arrived at Scapa
Flow at 1140. The torpedo boat departed at 1815 that day
to return to Dundee.
minefield BS.24 was laid by destroyers EXPRESS and
sank steamer MANIPUR (8652grt) at 2222 from convoy
HX.55A in 58‑41N, 05‑14W. Fourteen crew were lost, but
Canadian destroyer SKEENA rescued sixty-four survivors.
Destroyers HAMBLEDON and FERNIE in the area to join convoy
WN.1 began to hunt for the submarine, and attacked a
Destroyers DIANA, BERKELEY, and GARTH departed Scapa Flow
at 0645 on the 18th to assist. BERKELEY and GARTH were
ordered at 1725/18th to return to Scapa Flow, where they
arrived at 0045/19th.
OG.38 was to have been formed from convoys OA.185G and
OB.185G, but departed Liverpool as an OG convoy. The
convoy of twenty ships was escorted by sloop WELLINGTON
from 17 to 29 July when the convoy arrived at Gibraltar.
OA.186 departed Methil escorted by sloops SANDWICH and
DEPTFORD from 17 to 21 July.
MT.113 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the
FS.224 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WOLSEY and
sloop EGRET, and arrived at Southend on the 18th.
sank steamer FELLSIDE (3509grt) straggling convoy
OA184 at 135 miles northwest of Bloody Foreland in 56‑09N,
crew were missing.
sank Swedish steamer O. A. BRODIN (1960grt) in
59‑22N, 03‑40W. Three crew were killed and the survivors
rescued by minesweeping trawler SICYON and taken by
vessel STEADY (758grt) was sunk on a mine at
Newhaven, two cables south of East Pier Head. There were
steamer LEOLA (554grt) was sunk by German bombing
in 49‑00N, 07‑30W, about sixty miles east of the Scillies.
Two crew were lost and the survivors rescued by Belgian
trawler ROGER JEANNINE.
steamer WIIRI (3525grt) was sunk by Italian
bombing 30 miles off Malta. Twenty six crew were rescued.
fishing vessel DE ZEESTER (74grt) was damaged by German
bombing 15 miles south by west of Bishop Light.
F. H. Pegram on heavy cruiser HAWKINS at Montevideo
ordered armed merchant cruiser ALCANTARA to patrol the
MILFORD departed Freetown for anti-submarine patrol in the
Cape Verde Islands area. She refuelled at St Vincent on
the 25th and was to arrive back at Freetown on 5 August.
light cruisers BANDE NERE and COLLEONI with the 10th
Destroyer Division departed Tripoli. The destroyers were
detached to the Sollum area and the cruisers proceeded
BN.2 departed Bombay, escorted by light cruiser CERES and
armed merchant cruisers CATHAY and WESTRALIA. The armed
merchant cruisers were detached on the 26th. Light cruiser
LEANDER joined on the 26th and sloops HINDUSTAN and
SHOREHAM on the 27th.
was detached on the 29th, and HINDUSTAN and SHOREHAM on
the 30th. On the 30th, anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE,
destroyers KANDAHAR and KIMBERLEY, with sloops AUCKLAND
and FLAMINGO joined LEANDER and the convoy. Sloop CLIVE
joined on 3 August when the other ships were detached and
arrived at Suez with the convoy on 5 August.
light cruiser SYDNEY (Captain J. A. Collins, RAN) with
destroyers HYPERION (Cdr H. St L. Nicolson DSO, D.2), HERO
(Cdr H. W. Biggs), HASTY (Lt Cdr L. R. K. Tyrwhitt),
HAVOCK (Cdr R. E. Courage DSO DSC), and ILEX (Lt Cdr P. L.
Saumarez DSC) departed Alexandria. SYDNEY and HAVOCK were
to operate in the Gulf of Athens against Italian shipping.
The other destroyers were to make an anti-submarine sweep
along the north coast of Crete.
HEREWARD and IMPERIAL departed Alexandria at the same time
to escort convoy AN.2 from Port Said.
cruiser CUMBERLAND departed Simonstown to search for
German armed merchant cruiser THOR.
armed merchant cruiser PINGUIN rendezvoused with U.A in
mid Atlantic between Belem and Dakar, so that the
submarine could be replenished with fuel and torpedoes.
cruiser YORK arrived at Scapa Flow at 0750 from Rosyth.
D/F reports received at 0940, destroyers ZULU, FORTUNE,
and FURY departed Scapa Flow at 1515 and made an
anti-submarine sweep towards Cape Wrath. This search was
in an area bordered by Cape Wrath, North Rona, and the
Butt of Lewis, but no contact was made.
ATHERSTONE departed Scapa Flow at 1445 on the 18th for
anti-submarine duties off Cape Wrath. FORTUNE and FURY
arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2330/19th.
BRITMART departed Scapa Flow at 0415 for Aberdeen, while
minesweeper SPEEDY arrived at Scapa Flow at 2000 from
minefield BS.25 was laid by destroyers EXPRESS and
H.31 (Lt M. D. Wanklyn) attacked three trawlers and sank
German anti-submarine trawler UJ.126 (trawler
STEIERMARK, 446grt) northwest of Terschelling in 53-29N,
5-03E. H.31 was unaware she had sunk the trawler, and was
undamaged in the counterattack.
repair ship VINDICTIVE (ex-cruiser) departed Devonport for
trawler CAPE FINISTERRE (591grt) was machine gunned and
bombed in the North Sea.
Destroyer ARROW and anti-submarine trawler AGATE (627grt)
departed Harwich to assist.
FN.225 departed Southend, escorted by sloops BLACK SWAN
and HASTINGS with patrol sloop PINTAIL, and arrived in the
Tyne on the 20th.
FS.225 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers WALLACE
and WOLFHOUND, and arrived at Southend on the 19th.
sank Norwegian steamer GYDA (1591grt) in 56N, 10W
- 55, 50N, 09, 00W).
crew were lost and nine rescued
by Belgian steamer Ville d’Arlon
sank steamer WOODBURY (4434grt) in 50‑46N, 13‑56W.
The entire crew was rescued.
GENERTON (4797grt) was damaged by German bombing in the
LODDON (200grt) was damaged by German bombing in 51‑05N,
submarine DELFINO attacked a destroyer in 38‑16N, 24‑47E
in the Aegean northeast of Athens without success.
P. N. Dean and Naval Airman K. L. Jones in a Skua of 806
Squadron from aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS were killed
from in exercises.
ECHO and FIREDRAKE departed the Clyde at 1130 for Scapa
Flow. At 0005 on the 20th, the ships to ordered to
reinforce convoy WN.2 and remain in company until joining
cruiser COVENTRY departed Scapa Flow at 1135 on the 20th,
also to join WN.2. All three ships were later ordered to
return to Scapa Flow after escorting WN.2, but without
joining convoy OA.187. They arrived there at 0010/21st.
ZULU, HAMBLEDON, and FERNIE departed their anti-submarine
patrol in the Cape Wrath area at 1800 to return to Scapa
Flow. HAMBLEDON and FERNIE arrived at Scapa Flow at 0457
on the 20th.
FORTUNE and FURY remained on patrol to cover convoys
passing between Pentland Firth and the Minches, and
arrived at Scapa Flow at 2330/20th.
BEDOUIN and PUNJABI departed Scapa Flow at 1410 for the
Tyne to cover anti-aircraft cruiser NAIAD on trials. Due
to mining, the cruiser was unable to sail and the
destroyers remained off the river entrance.
which was the anti invasion base for the 1st Destroyer
Flotilla, was raided twice by German bombers.
GRIFFIN was slightly damaged by near misses in the bombing
and sustained no casualties. She returned to service in
BEAGLE, en route from Dover to Devonport, was lightly
damaged by near misses off Dover, with damage to her gyro
suspension. There were no casualties, and she received
temporary repairs at Plymouth. On 17 August, she proceeded
to Portland and repairs were completed on 28 August.
WAR SEPOY (5574grt) was badly damaged by German
bombing at Dover. Beyond
repair, she was broken in two and later used as a
block-ship at Dover.
trawler CRESTFLOWER (550grt, Skipper C. Pollard
RNR) of the 28th Minesweeping Group was badly damaged by
German bombing off Portsmouth and foundered in 50-29-06N,
01-17-08W. Two ratings were killed.
OB.186 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WANDERER
and corvette PERIWINKLE from 19 to 22 July. The escorts
were detached to inbound convoy HX.57.
FN.226 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIMIERA,
sloop LONDONDERRY, and patrol sloop SHELDRAKE, and arrived
in the Tyne on the 21st.
MT.114 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the
FS.226 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WOOLSTON
and sloop FLEETWOOD. Destroyers JACKAL and KELVIN , with
patrol sloop SHELDRAKE joined the convoy on the 20th.
Destroyers JACKAL and KELVIN were detached later on the
20th, and the convoy arrived at Southend on the 21st.
torpedo boats T.5, T.6, T.7, and T.8 of the 2nd Torpedo
Boat Flotilla withFALKE and JAGUAR of 5th Torpedo Boat
Flotilla screened minelayers ROLAND, KONIGIN LUISE,
KAISER, HANSESTADT DANZIG, COBRA, and PREUSSEN laying
mines in the northwest North Sea in minefield designated
HX.59 departed Halifax at 0730 escorted by Canadian
destroyers OTTAWA and SAGUENAY. At 1430, the convoy was
turned over to armed merchant cruiser VOLTAIRE and the
destroyers arrived back at Halifax at 0050/20th. The armed
merchant cruiser was detached on the 30th.
BHX.59 departed Bermuda on the 18th escorted by ocean
escort, armed merchant cruiser AURANIA. The convoy
rendezvoused with HX.59 on the 23rd and the armed merchant
cruiser was detached. On the 31st, destroyer WARWICK,
sloop FOWEY, with corvettes HEARTSEASE and HIBISCUS joined
the convoy, which arrived at Liverpool on 3 August.
sank steamer PEARLMOOR (4681grt) in 55‑23N,
09‑18W. Thirteen crew were lost.
light cruisers COLLEONI and BANDE NERE entering the Aegean
between Crete and Cerigotto engaged Destroyers ILEX, HERO,
HASTY, and HYPERION supported by Australian light cruiser
SYDNEY and Destroyer HAVOCK. COLLEONI
was badly damaged by SYDNEY and later scuttled by ILEX
and HYPERION. BANDE NERE was damaged by HYPERION, but was
able to escape. During the engagement, the only damage
sustained by the British force was a shell hit in SYDNEY's
the battle, HAVOCK, ILEX, and HYPERION picked up 525
survivors from COLLEONI, but the rescue was cut short by
Italian bombing attacks. HAVOCK was damaged by a near miss
three miles south of Gavdo Island and temporarily lost
cruisers ORION and NEPTUNE departed Alexandria at 0915 to
carry out a sweep to the northwest.
WARSPITE and destroyers departed
at 1100 and also swept northwest.
BARHAM and MALAYA and aircraft carrier EAGLE with
destroyers departed Alexandria at 1230 and swept to the
was escorted back to Alexandria by SYDNEY, HYPERION and
ILEX, later joined by light cruiser LIVERPOOL. Destroyers
HASTY and HERO returned independently. All forces arrived
back at Alexandria on the 20th. HAVOCK arrived at Suez for
repairs on the 27th, which were completed on 15 September,
and she departed Port Said on 19 September.
ROYAL ULSTERMAN, escorted by destroyer VELOX, departed
to Madeira. The destroyer parted company at 2100/20th and
returned to Gibraltar.
heavy cruiser CANBERRA departed Simonstown to patrol the
southern half of the Cape-Freetown route, but her aircraft
was left behind as defective. She arrived back at
Simonstown on the 28th.
armed merchant cruiser THOR sank Dutch steamer TELA
(3777grt) in the South Atlantic at 14S, 33W. The 33 crew
were made prisoners of war.
a goodwill cruise, American heavy cruisers WICHITA and
QUINCY and destroyers WAINWRIGHT and WALKE arrived at Rio
de Janiero. The heavy cruisers departed Rio on the 25th
for the north. The destroyers departed Rio Grande on the
29th for Buenos Aires.
heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA arrived at Scapa Flow from the
cruiser SHEFFIELD arrived at Scapa Flow from Sheerness.
report was received that German battlecruiser GNEISENAU
had departed Trondheim at 0900. The Home Fleet came to
short notice for steam and the destroyers at sea were
recalled at 1938.
cruiser COVENTRY, destroyers ECHO and FIREDRAKE departed
convoy WN.2 and arrived at Scapa Flow at 0010/21st, while
destroyers FORTUNE and FURY departed their anti-submarine
patrol off Cape Wrath and arrived at Scapa Flow at
Home Fleet at Scapa Flow was organized for the
interception of GNEISENAU:
D - battlecruisers RENOWN and REPULSE, cruisers
SHROPSHIRE, SUSSEX, and SOUTHAMPTON, with destroyers
COSSACK, SIKH, ZULU, MASHONA, FORTUNE, and FURY.
E - battleships RODNEY, NELSON, and BARHAM, aircraft
carrier FURIOUS, anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY, with
destroyers ECHO, FIREDRAKE, HAMBLEDON, ATHERSTONE, FERNIE,
GARTH, and BERKELEY.
Fleet did not sail as the information was later found to
be incorrect, and returned to usual notice at 0838 on the
the report that GNEISENAU might have left Trondheim,
submarine TRIDENT was ordered to remain off Korsfjord and
TRUANT, returning to Rosyth, was ordered to patrol west of
Sognefjord. On the 21st, these orders were cancelled with
TRIDENT proceeding to Stadlandet and TRUANT returning to
Rosyth, arriving on the 24th.
cruiser SOUTHAMPTON departed Scapa Flow for Sheerness. .
MAORI departed Scapa Flow at 0700 for Invergordon to
embark the new Flag Officer of the Shetlands/Orkney
Command, Admiral of the Fleet Lord Cork, and his staff.
She departed Invergordon that evening at 2100 and arrived
at Lerwick at 0700/21st.
cruiser NAIAD departed the Tyne at 1600 for trials,
escorted by destroyers BEDOUIN and PUNJABI.
BOREAS, VERSATILE, and WINDSOR were escorting convoy CW.7
off Dover, with destroyer BRAZEN and anti-submarine
trawler LADY PHILOMENA on patrol with the convoy, when
they were attacked by German bombers. BRAZEN
(Lt Cdr Sir Michael Culme-Seymour, Bt) was badly
damagedi, taken n tow by tug LADY BRASSEY, but sank next
day. One rating was lost and BOREAS took off the crew.
Destroyer SCIMITAR joined the convoy on the 21st and
escorted it until the 22nd.
ACHERON was attacked by German bombers ten miles south of
St Catherine's Point, near missed by nine bombs and
suffered some damage. She later proceeded to Portsmouth
for repairs begun on 6 August. However, before they were
completed, she was further damaged in German bombing on 24
HAVELOCK and VANOC were in a minor collision leaving
Liverpool. Both were repaired at Liverpool, HAVELOCK
completing on 3 August, and VANOC on the 28th.
SWORDFISH undocked at Blyth.
TRITON and SNAPPER arrived at Rosyth.
H.50 arrived at Harwich.
NARWHAL departed Blyth for the Humber where she arrived
later the same day.
OA.187 departed Methil escorted by destroyer HESPERUS from
20 to 25 July, sloop WESTON from 20 to 22 July, and
destroyer RESTIGOUCHE from 22 to 25 July. RESTIGOUCHE was
detached to convoy SL.39.
FN.227 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WOLSEY,
sloop EGRET, and patrol sloop GUILLEMOT, and arrived at
the Tyne on the 22nd.
MT.115 departed Methil, and arrived at the Tyne on the
G. G. R. Bulmer was killed when his RAF Hurricane of 32
Squadron from Biggin Hill was shot down five miles
northeast of Dover.
PULBOROUGH (960grt) from convoy CW.7 was sunk by
German bombing, two and a half miles southeast of Dover
Pier. Trawler LADY PHILOMENA (417grt) took off the
bombing damaged steamer WESTOWN (710grt) off Dover.
TROUTPOOL (4886grt) was sunk on a mine, eight
cables 3° from Bangor Pier Light in 54‑40N, 05‑40W. Eleven
crew were lost.
Mediterranean Fleet, which departed Alexandria on the
20th, launched air attacks on Tobruk searching for the
damaged Italian light cruiser BANDE NERE. Six Swordfish of
813 Squadron (824 Squadron according to Seekrieg) of
aircraft carrier EAGLE took off from Sidi Barrani and sank
Italian destroyers OSTRO, NEMBO and
SERENO (2333grt) in Tobruk harbour.
Swordfish crashed, with Lt G. R. Brown and Lt K. C. Grieve
wounded and Petty Officer R. J. W. Wynn dying of wounds on
the 21st. Cdr W. L. M. Brown and Lt P. N. Medd from 700
Squadron in battleship WARSPITE were forced to land in
Italian territory. Medd was later able to escape, while
Brown was later repatriated.
this raid, the Italians abandoned Tobruk as a sea base.
The guns from the two sunken destroyers were later salved
and used in the defense of Bardia.
SLF.40 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser CANTON to 1 August when convoy SLF.40 merged with
SL.40. On 2 August, both CANTON and ASTURIAS of SL.40 were
detached, and proceeded to Greenock for fuel and water
before returning to Freetown.
ABERDEEN joined the convoy on 2 August, destroyer WALKER
and corvette PERIWINKLE on the 3rd, and corvettes GODETIA
and PRIMROSE on the 4th. The convoys arrived at Liverpool
on the 8th.
BRIDGEWATER departed Simonstown for Walvis Bay to refuel,
and then proceeded to Lagos to relieve light cruiser
DRAGON. She arrived at Lagos on 1 August.
cruiser DELHI, detached from Force H, departed Gibraltar
for Freetown to rejoin the South Atlantic Command.
Patrolling in the area of Cape Verde Island en route, she
arrived at Freetown on the 27th.
Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES departed Auckland for Suva,
carrying the Chief of the General Staff and the Chief of
the Air Staff for defense conferences. She arrived at Suva
on the 23rd, departed on the 26th and proceeded to Tonga
for further conferences, reaching there on the 28th.
ACHILLES arrived back at Auckland on the 31st.
cruisers LIVERPOOL, CAPETOWN and destroyers STUART and
DIAMOND departed Alexandria with one steamer for convoy
AN.2, while destroyers DAINTY and DEFENDER departed Port
Said on the 21st with five steamers of convoy AN.2.
two sections joined on the 22nd. The convoy sailed on the
19th escorted by destroyers IMPERIAL and HEREWARD, but was
recalled due to the Italian cruisers engaged by Australian
light cruiser SYDNEY.
convoy supported by Battleship RAMILLIES and destroyers
HYPERION, ILEX, HEREWARD, and IMPERIAL which departed
Alexandria at 0400/23rd. The convoy was dispersed on the
escorts escorted southbound convoy AS.2 back to
MOHAWK and NUBIAN departed Alexandria on the 22nd to
intercept the Greek vessel ERMIONI (440grt) which was
carrying petrol from the Corinth Canal to the Dodecanese.
patrol was unsuccessful and the destroyers arrived back at
Alexandria on the 24th.
RORQUAL laid mines east of Tolmeita, Cyrenaica in 32-39N,
21-03E, and was then attacked an Italian steamer. The
steamer, SECURITAS (5366grt), was struck by a torpedo
which did not explode.
Italian steamers CELIO (3872grt) and LEOPARDI
(3298grt) were lost on this minefield on the 24 July and
14 August respectively.
HG.39 of 18 ships departed Gibraltar escorted locally by
anti-submarine trawler ARCTIC RANGER (493grt) from 21 to
24 July. Sloop SCARBOROUGH joined from 21 July to 5
August, and corvette GERANIUM in Home Waters from 30 July
to 5 August. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on 5 August.
light cruiser HOBART was unsuccessfully bombed off Aden by
INGLEFIELD and DIANA arrived Liverpool at 1200 escorting
light cruiser GLASGOW. The destroyers then eparted
Liverpool at 1405 that afternoon with destroyer WATCHMAN
to meet arriving aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS and light
cruiser FIJI and escort them to the Clyde. On the 23rd at
0851, DIANA was damaged when a fish hit her asdic dome,
and put her asdic out of action. With leaks in her fore
store, her speed was limited to 22 knots. The ships
arrived at Greenock at 1945/23rd, and DIANA departed the
Clyde at 2200/24th for repairs at Sheerness.
H.50 departed Harwich to patrol in the vicinity north of
the Hinder to watch for the laying of dan buoys.
THAMES and submarine tender WHITE BEAR arrived at Dundee.
Submarine THAMES departed on patrol later that day.
tender ALECTO and Dutch submarine O.9 arrived at
TALISMAN was docked at Glasgow.
Airman J. A. Seed, of 1 SFTS Netheravon, was killed, when
German fighters shot down his Hart aircraft over Old Sarum
OB.187 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WALKER and
corvette MALLOW from 21 to 25 July. The escort was
detached to inbound convoy SL.39.
FN.228 departed Southend, and arrived at the Tyne on the
MT.116 departed Methil, and arrived at the Tyne on the
FS.227 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and
sloop LOWESTOFT, and arrived at Southend on the 22nd.
sank steamer ELLAROY (712grt) in 42‑30N, 12‑36W.
Sixteen crew were rescued.
TERLINGS (2318grt) was sunk by German bombing 10
miles southwest of St Catherine's Point. Ten crew were
lost, but destroyer SCIMITAR rescued 17 crew and one naval
tanker KOLLSKEGG (9858grt) was damaged by German bombing
fifteen miles west of St Catherine's Point.
Destroyer GREYHOUND rescued the survivors.
tanker NINA BORTHEN (6123grt) was damaged by German
bombing 14 miles 240° from St Catherine's Point.
ULSTER MONARCH departed Gibraltar with evacuees for
Madeira, escorted by destroyer VELOX, which detached at
Monday, 22 July
cruiser AURORA arrived in the Humber.
ZULU and FIREDRAKE departed Scapa Flow at 1200 and 1215,
respectively, to hunt for a German submarine bombed by
aircraft in 58‑19N, 2‑31W.
ROCHESTER and Canadian destroyer ST LAURENT had already
carried out a depth charge attack.
and FIREDRAKE after making depth charge attacks returned
to Scapa Flow that day.
contact was later assessed to probably be a wreck.
NARWHAL departed the Humber on minelaying mission
FD.22 off Trondheim in 63‑16N, 07‑13E, but was lost,
probably about 23 July, before the mining scheduled on the
27th. She was declared missing on 1 August.
sunk by Do 17, Lt. Karl Müller of the 1/Kü.Fl.Gr. 606 in
the Northern North Sea with bombs. UKDTD; Norwegian Sea at
55 30N 01 10E.)
CLYDE fired six torpedoes at a submarine off Fejeosen off
the Norwegian coast.
submarine was the TRUANT, which escaped undamaged.
At the time, TRUANT was on patrol off Fejeosen to observe
enemy activity, but none was sighted.
TRITON was ordered to patrol off Selbjornfjord for 48
hours before proceeding to Korsfjord.
H.34 encountered a submarine on patrol in the North Sea,
which was later determined to be H.31.
patrol trawler CAMPINA (289grt, Temporary Skipper
F. Wellburn RNR) was sunk on a mine one and a half cables
88° from the Holyhead Breakwater Light.
Wellbourn and ten ratings were missing.
OA.188 departed Methil escorted by corvette CAMELIA on 22
to 26 July and destroyer SKEENA with anti-submarine
trawlers ST KENAN and LADY ELSA, and arrived in the Clyde
on the 24th.
OA.189 did not sail.
FN.229 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VERDUN
and WOOLSTON, sloop FLEETWOOD, and patrol sloop PUFFIN.
Destroyers JACKAL, JAGUAR, and JUPITER were with the
convoy on the 23rd and were detached that day, along with
patrol sloop PUFFIN, and arrived at the Tyne on the 24th.
MT.117 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.228 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on the
FS.229 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VIMIERA
and WINCHESTER, and arrived at Southend on the 24th.
SWYNFLEET (1168grt) was damaged by German bombing in
bombers unsuccessfully attacked light cruiser COLOMBO off
Swordfish aircraft were landed from aircraft carrier
HERMES at Freetown to form Y flight of 814 Squadron while
the aircraft carrier left the area for repairs.
1958, British aircraft reported eight destroyers and six
camouflaged vessels in 57-18N, 4-23E, steering 315. All
cruisers at Scapa Flow raised steam, and destroyers
COSSACK (D.4), ZULU, MAORI, FORTUNE, FURY, and FIREDRAKE
came to immediate notice. At 2356, notice was lengthened
to one hour, and all ships reverted to four hour notice at
Skuas of 801 Squadron, led by Lt Cdr H. P. Bramwell, and
six Swordfish of 823 Squadron, led by Lt Cdr D. H. Elles,
departed to attack this force. The Swordfish located and
attacked the German ships without success. One Swordfish
was damaged and her observer was wounded.
ships were German minelayers ROLAND, KONIGIN LUISE,
KAISER, PREUSSEN, COBRA, and HANSESTADT DANZIG, which
departed Wilhelmshaven on the 23rd, screened by torpedo
boats T.5, T.8, T.6, and T.7 of the 2nd Torpedo Boat
Flotilla and FALKE and JAGUAR of 5th Torpedo Boat
Flotillas and minesweepers M.18 and M.19. German minefield
"NW 2" was completed in the northwest North Sea ninety
miles east of Aberdeen at 0010/24th. They arrived back
safely on the 25th.
ARROW, ANTHONY, AMAZON, and ACHATES departed Harwich at
1800 to join the Home Fleet for minelaying operations. En
route, ANTHONY and AMAZON were diverted for a rendezvous
with steamer LOCHNAGAR off Aberdeen for passage to
Lerwick. On the 24th, also en route, ARROW and ACHATES
searched for a German submarine reported by aircraft in
57‑58N, 3‑17W at 1255, were then ordered at 1110/25th to
Scapa Flow , and arrived later on the 25th.
and AMAZON reached Lerwick, delivering LOCHNAGAR at
1030/25th. They then set off for Scapa Flow and en route
searched for a submarine in 60‑55N, 0‑53E reported by
aircraft on the 24th. The destroyers swept through Fair
Isle Channel, and arrived at Scapa Flow at 2150/25th.
OB.188 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer
WINCHELSEA, sloop ENCHANTRESS, and corvette CLARKIA from
23 to 27 July. The sloop and the corvette were detached to
OB.189 did not sail.
FN.230 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN,
sloop LOWESTOFT, and patrol sloop SHELDRAKE, and arrived
in the Tyne on the 25th.
MT.118 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.230 departed the Tyne, escorted destroyer WOLSEY and
sloop EGRET, and arrived at Southend on the 25th.
HX.60 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyer
OTTAWA and auxiliary patrol vessel FRENCH at 0730, which
were detached on the 24th.
local escort turned the convoy over to the ocean escort,
armed merchant cruiser AUSONIA at 2105. The armed merchant
cruiser was detached on 4 August.
BHX.60 departed Bermuda on the 22nd escorted locally by
sloop PENZANCE and an ocean escort of armed merchant
cruiser ALAUNIA. The convoy rendezvoused with convoy HX.60
on the 27th and the armed merchant cruiser was detached.
4 August, destroyers FORTUNE, ST LAURENT, VANOC, and
WINCHELSEA with sloop SANDWICH joined the convoy. FORTUNE
was detached on 5 August, and VANOC and WINCHELSEA on the
6th. The remaining escorts and the convoy arrived at
Liverpool on 7 August.
troop convoy TC.6 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian
destroyers ASSINIBOINE and SAGUENAY with troopships BATORY
(14,287grt), ANTONIA (13,867grt), MONARCH OF BERMUDA
(22,424grt), SOBIESKI (11,030grt), DUCHESS OF YORK
(20,021grt), and SAMARIA (19,597grt) which carried 1198,
881, 1328, 1611, 1061, 982, and 1016 troops, respectively.
EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA (21,833grt) departed with the convoy
and was detached to Iceland.
escort was Battleship REVENGE and light cruiser EMERALD
which departed Halifax with the convoy. The convoy, less
MONARCH OF BERMUDA which safely arrived at Glasgow,
arrived safely at Greenock at 1430 on 1 August, escorted
by destroyers INGLEFIELD (D.3), AMAZON, SIKH, KEPPEL,
WANDERER, VISCOUNT, HIGHLANDER, and VANQUISHER.
CLYDE arrived at Dundee.
TRUANT was bombed in the North Sea, but sustained no
THE LADY MOSTYN (305grt) was sunk on a mine one and
half miles 79° from Formby Light Vessel. All the crew was
Force H departed Gibraltar with aircraft carrier ARK
ROYAL, light cruiser ENTERPRISE, and destroyers FAULKNOR,
ESCAPADE, FORESIGHT, and FORESTER to launch an air attack
on Bordeaux. This operation was cancelled due to bad
weather and the forces returned to Gibraltar on the 26th.
cruiser ORION with destroyers VAMPIRE and VENDETTA
departed Alexandria and appeared off Castellerizo on the
24th as a diversion for the movement of convoy AN.2. After
the demonstration on the 25th, ORION proceeded to Haifa,
and the destroyers to Port Said.
mining was suspected in the approaches, minesweeper
ABINGDON was sent to sweep off Port Said and the
destroyers proceeded to Alexandria.
carrier ARGUS with destroyers GALLANT and GREYHOUND
departed Portland for Gibraltar to participate in HURRY.
Armed merchant cruiser MALOJA proceeded with these ships.
Off Northern Ireland, they were joined by convoy RS.5 of
troopship REINA DEL PACIFICO and steamer CLAN FERGUSON,
escorted by destroyers ENCOUNTER and HOTSPUR, en route to
the Mediterranean, via the Cape. ARGUS and the destroyers
arrived at Gibraltar on the 30th.
DEL PACIFICO and CLAN FERGUSON departed the UK with
personnel and stores for the Middle East and Malta,
escorted by armed merchant cruiser MALOJA, and arrived at
Freetown on 4 August.
Departing Freetown on 5 August, the convoy was escorted by
aircraft carrier HERMES.
cruiser DRAGON, after refuelling at Lobito on 8 August and
departing on the 9th, joined the convoy on the 11th. RS.5
arrived at the Cape on 17 August.
cruiser NAIAD was completed. Escorted by destroyers
BEDOUIN and PUNJABI, she was in the Firth of Forth for
the trials, the destroyers proceeded to Scapa Flow. En
route, they were ordered at 2249 to investigate a U-boat
contact reported by aircraft in 59‑25N, 00‑45W at 2135.
BEDOUIN and PUNJABI attacked a submarine contact. They
arrived at Scapa Flow on the 25th.
arrived at Scapa Flow on the 26th to work up and joined
the 15th Cruiser Squadron.
INGLEFIELD departed Greenock at 1700 and destroyers
HAMBLEDON, ATHERSTONE, FERNIE, and GARTH departed Scapa
Flow escorting anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY at 2100.
the destroyers arrived at Loch Alsh at 0745 on the 25th
for escort duty with the 1st Minelaying Squadron in
operation SN 31.
TARTAR departed Liverpool at 2100 for Scapa Flow after
repairs. Destroyer TARTAR arrived at Scapa Flow at
minefield BS.27 was laid by minelayer TEVIOTBANK, escorted
by destroyers INTREPID, ICARUS, and IMPULSIVE.
heavy submarine disposition was ordered off the Norwegian
TAKU departed Rosyth to be off Fro Havet by 3 August.
SNAPPER was to be relieved by submarine SPEARFISH on 2
SEALION departed Rosyth on the 27th to operate in the
Skagerrak along 57-50N, between 8E and 9E.
TRIAD departed Rosyth on the 27th to patrol off Fejeosen.
SWORDFISH departed Blyth on the 27th and submarines
TRIBUNE and SUNFISH departed Rosyth on the 27th to patrol
between the German declared mined area and Lister.
PORPOISE, after laying mines in operation FD.23 was to be
SEAWOLF was to sail on the 28th to patrol off Skudesnes.
TRIDENT to leave her patrol area on the 30th to return to
H.28 was to be relieved by submarine STURGEON which in
turn was to be relieved by submarine URSULA when
TRUANT and Polish submarine WILK arrived at Rosyth.
WILK reported she had been bombed three times while on
patrol, but no damage had been done.
PORPOISE departed Blyth for the Humber.
SPEARFISH and URSULA departed Blyth for Rosyth.
three submarines arrived at their destinations later the
CACHALOT departed Plymouth for Rothesay.
trawlers FLEMING (356grt) and BERBERIS (540grt) of the 4th
Minesweeping Group were sweeping mines in the Thames
Estuary. German bombing sank FLEMING (Skipper E.
G. Gurney RNR).
ratings were lost, and three survivors rescued by trawler
CORENA (352grt), also of the 4th Minesweeping Group.
trawler KINGSTON GALENA (550grt, Skipper S.
Jackson RNR) of the 9th Anti-submarine Group and
minesweeping trawler RODINO (230grt, Temporary
Skipper J. C. Winning RNR) were sunk by German bombing off
Jackson and fifteen ratings were lost on KINGSTON GALENA,
and four ratings on RODINO.
FN.231 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on the
Tyne, and arrived later that day.
was no convoy MT.120.
FS.231 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WALLACE,
and arrived at Southend on the 26th.
FS.232 was cancelled.
C. G. Mortimer, flying a Battle of RAF 12 Observation
Training Unit from Benson, was killed when his aircraft
hit a cable and crashed near North Stoke, Oxford.
steamer MEKNES (6127grt), carrying 1277 French
sailors being repatriated to Marseilles. was sunk by
German motor torpedo boat S.27 in 50‑04N, 02‑14W. Three
hundred and eighty three of the passengers died in the
sinking, and of the 104 crew, thirty three were missing.
Destroyers VISCOUNT, WOLVERINE, SABRE, and SHIKARI rescued
steamer TRIO (1451grt) was lost on a mine near
Borkum. The entire crew was rescued.
House Vessel steamer ALERT (793grt) was damaged by German
bombing near South Goodwin Light Vessel.
steamer CELIO (3864grt) was sunk 10 miles off
Tolmeita on a mine laid by submarine RORQUAL on the 21st .
heavy cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER departed Trondheim to sweep
the Barents Sea between Tromso and Bear Island and west of
Spitzbergen as a diversion for battlecruiser GNEISENAU's
return to Germany.
took the Finnish steamer ESTER THORDEN (1940 BRT)
as a prize and her floatplane searched the Finnish steamer
WAPPU (1540 BRT), which was then released.
No other contact was made and ADMIRAL HIPPER arrived at
Kiel on 9 August.
GNEISENAU, light cruiser NURNBERG, with destroyers
GALSTER, LODY, JACOBI, and IHN departed Trondheim for
Kiel. Off Utsire, they were joined by torpedo boats LUCHS,
JAGUAR, KONDOR, ILTIS, and T.5. On the 26th, German
torpedo boat LUCHS was sunk by submarine THAMES in
the North Sea in 58‑30N, 4‑30E (or on a floating mine off
Karmoy.) The ships arrived at Kiel on the 28th.
after the attack on LUCHS, submarine THAMES (Lt
Cdr W. D. Dunkerley) was lost southwest of Stavanger, most
likely mined on the night of 2/3 August in 56‑45N, 03‑26E.
(Official sources indicate that THAMES, which was not
heard from after departing Dundee on the 21st for patrol,
was mined on the 23rd in 57‑20N, 03‑10E. However, only two
submarines were in the area of the LUCHS sinking and
submarine SNAPPER reported no attack. Submarine SWORDFISH,
which is generally credited with the sinking was not in
the immediate area.). Lt Cdr Dunkerley, Lt F. R. C.
Talbot, Lt F. H. Morris, Lt D. E. T. Newell RNR, Lt Cdr
(E) B. E. O'Brien, Acting S/Lt J. E. W. Worrall RNVR, and
the fifty-six ratings of the crew were lost with THAMES.
cruiser BONAVENTURE arrived at Scapa Flow from working up
in the West Indies.
PORPOISE departed Immingham for minelaying operation FD.23
BEDOUIN and PUNJABI, which were submarine hunting, were
ordered to return to Scapa Flow at 1110.
S/Lt (A) F. Dawson-Paul RNVR, flying a Spitfire of RAF 64
Squadron from Kenley, was shot down off Folkestone.
Dawson-Paul died of wounds as a prisoner of war on the
forces launched air and motor torpedo boats attacks on
Convoy CW.8, composed of 21 steamers in the Dover Strait.
first attacks, by
fof I/STG.1 and IV/LG.1
steamers CORHAVEN (991grt), POLGRANGE (804grt),
LEO (1140grt), all off Dover, HENRY MOON
(1091grt) two miles off Folkestone, and PORTSLADE
(1091grt) four to five miles NE of Dungeness, and damaged
steamers TAMWORTH (1332grt), NEWMINSTER (967grt), HODDER
(1016grt), SUMMITY (554grt), and GRONLAND (1264grt) off
Dover. The entire crew of CORHAVEN was rescued, two crew
from POLGRANGE were missing. two crew killed and four
missing from LEO, one crewman killed on HENRY MOON, and
the entire crew of PORTSLADE rescued. MTB.69 and MTB.70
were involved through the day in the rescuing survivors.
on the 25th and
into the 26th, German 1st S-Flotilla motor torpedo boats
S.19, S.20, and S.27 attacked the convoy. S.27 sank
steamer LULONGA (821grt) 15 miles south of
Shoreham, S.20 sank BROADHURST (1013grt) 14 miles
south by west of Shoreham, and S.19 sank LONDON TRADER
(646grt) 13 miles south by west of Shoreham. One
crewman was lost on LULONGA, four crew missing on
BROADHURST, and one crewman killed on LONDON TRADER.
BOREAS and BRILLIANT of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla were
sent out from Dover with MTB.69 and MTB.70 to repulse the
German motor torpedo boats then attacking convoy CW.8.
Pursuing the S-boats away from the convoy and towards
Calais, the destroyers were attacked by German bombers.
from I/STG.1 and IV/LG.1 badly damaged BOREAS with two
hits on her bridge.
O. J. Pemberton RNVR and sixteen ratings were killed and
another five died of wounds. Temporary Surgeon Lt J. F.
Buchan RNVR, Midshipman R. B. Mann RNR, 22 ratings, and a
NAAFI staff member were wounded. They also
damaged BRILLIANT with two bomb hits in the stern,
although neither bombs exploded until they had passed
completely through the ship. The tiller flat was flooded
and boiler room fan support cracked. There were no
motor torpedo boats MTB.5 and MTB.6 from Dover also
assisted the destroyers.
destroyers were towed into Dover by tugs, BOREAS by LADY
BRASSEY. She was repaired at London completing on 23
January 1941. While in dock at London, she was damaged by
a near miss on 19 January 1941. This damage required three
days to repair. BRILLIANT was repaired at Chatham
completing on 19 September.
SOUTHERN PRINCE (Flag Rear Admiral W. F. Wake-Walker),
MENESTHEUS, PORT NAPIER, and PORT QUEBEC with survey ship
SCOTT departed Loch Alsh (Port ZA) at 1130/25th to lay a
minefield, designated SN 31, on 26/27 July at the southern
entrance of St George Channel between Anglesey and Dublin
INGLEFIELD, ATHERSTONE, FERNIE, HAMBLEDON, and GARTH
escorted the minelayers and anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY
operated as anti-aircraft cover for the operation.
arrived in the Clyde at 1750/28th. The Hunt-class
destroyers at Loch Alsh at 1830/28th, and then proceeded
to Scapa Flow arriving at 0740/29th. COVENTRY arrived at
Plymouth on the 27th.
FN.232 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VIMIERA,
WINCHESTER and patrol sloop SHELDRAKE, and arrived in the
Tyne on the 27th.
light cruiser TRENTON (CL 11), carrying the Luxembourg
Royal Family, and destroyers DICKERSON (DD.157) and
HERBERT (DD.158) arrived at Norfolk, Virginia. This ended
the active service of Squadron 40-T.
cruiser DESPATCH departed Bermuda for Trinidad.
steamer ARNON (558grt) was damaged by Italian bombing at
SL.41 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser
BULOLO to 8 August when the convoy merged with convoy
armed merchant cruiser proceeded to Greenock for fuel and
water prior to returning to Freetown. The convoys arrived
at Liverpool on 14 August.
cruiser NAIAD arrived at Scapa Flow after commissioning
ZULU and MAORI departed Scapa Flow at 1300 to search for a
German submarine reported by aircraft in 60-55N, 00-53E at
2105/25th and in 61‑00N, 00‑20E at 0840/26th. No contact
FORTUNE and FURY departed Scapa Flow at midnight to sweep
toward North Minch then escort east bound convoy WN.3,
escorted only by anti-submarine trawlers ST ELSTAN
(564grt) and KING SOL (468grt). No submarines were
destroyers escorted the convoy was far as Rattray Head and
joined outbound convoy OA.191 for the return passage to
CACHALOT arrived at Rothesay.
H.31 arrived at Blyth.
submarine O.23 escorted by Dutch torpedo boat Z.5 departed
Rothesay for Dundee. They arrived at Stornoway on the
27th, departed on the 28th, but were then diverted to
Rosyth because mining had closed Dundee. O.23 and Z.5
arrived at Rosyth on the 29th.
Skuas of 801 Squadron from Hatston attacked German
installations near Haugesand. One Skua was lost with S/Lt
J. E. H. Myers and Naval Airman S. A. Bass who were killed
when their aircraft collided with another Skua. The second
Skua was able to return to Sumburgh but was not
OG.39 with 21 ships departed Liverpool escorted by
corvette GERANIUM from 26 to 29 July and sloop FOLKESTONE
from 26 July to 6 August, and arrived at Gibraltar on 6
OA.190 departed Methil escorted by sloop FOWEY and
corvette HIBISCUS from 26 to 30 July and sloop HASTINGS.
Sloop FOWEY and corvette HIBISCUS were detached to inbound
FN.233 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on the
MT.121 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.233 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloops BLACK SWAN
and HASTINGS, and arrived at Southend on the 28th.
sank steamers ACCRA (9337grt) in 55‑40N, 16‑28W
and VINEMOOR (4359grt) in 55‑43N, 16‑25W.
carried 499 passengers and crew. Four passengers and four
crew were killed, and eight passengers and eight crewmen
missing in the sinking. The entire crew from VINEMOOR and
the survivors from ACCRA were picked up by Sloop
ENCHANTRESS (79 survivors), corvette CLARKIA (45
survivors), British steamer HOLLINSIDE (4172grt) (215
survivors), and Norwegian steamer LOKE (2421grt) (126
HAYTOR (1189grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑47N,
01‑48W. One crewman was lost.
steamer BALZAC (963grt) was sunk on a mine one
mile 124° from Roker Pier Light, Sunderland. Six crew were
minesweepers M.61, M.89, and M.136
were sunk on mines laid off Hook of Holland by the 20th
Minelaying Destroyer Flotilla on 15 May.
steamer MONTAN (1275grt) was sunk on an aerial
mine off the Ems river mouth.
cruiser DANAE arrived at Penang.
submarine GUGLIEMOTTI and destroyers BATTISTI and NULLO
sortied from Massawa to search for a British steamer
reported en route through the Red Sea from Suez.
cruiser ORION departed Haifa and joined destroyers VAMPIRE
and VENDETTA, which had refuelled at Alexandria on the
26th, with armed boarding ships CHAKLA and FIONA. The
ships proceeded to Castellerizo with the armed boarding
ships and simulated a landing for diversion purposes,
arriving back at Alexandria on 30 August.
ATHLONE CASTLE with civilian evacuees departed Gibraltar,
escorted by destroyer VELOX. After being detached at
1200/27th, the destroyer proceeded to a position off
Casablanca to embark a party during the night of 27/28
July. No contact was made and she returned to Gibraltar.
VELOX sailed again on the 29th, in an attempt to embark
the party, but again returned to Gibraltar on the 30th
without making contact.
1248, the battlecruisers, cruisers, and destroyers at
Scapa Flow were brought to two and a half hour's notice.
At 1628, eight destroyers were brought to immediate notice
and the remaining destroyers to one hour's notice.
A, battlecruisers RENOWN (Vice Admiral Battlecruisers) and
REPULSE, heavy cruisers YORK, DEVONSHIRE, and AUSTRALIA of
the 1st Cruiser Squadron, light cruiser SHEFFIELD, with
destroyers ASHANTI, MASHONA, TARTAR, PUNJABI, FIREDRAKE,
FORTUNE, ARROW, ANTHONY, and ACHATES departed Scapa Flow
at 1915 in response to reports that German battlecruiser
GNEISENAU was breaking back to Germany.
was detached to join heavy cruiser NORFOLK escorting an
cruisers with ASHANTI and MASHONA acted as an independent
FORTUNE and FURY were recalled from escort duty with
convoy WN.3 and arrived at Scapa Flow at 1800.
ZULU and MAORI, on anti-submarine patrol northeast of the
Shetlands, were ordered at 2201 to rendezvous with Force A
in 60‑00N, 01‑50E at 0400/28th.
contact was made and the forces arrived back at Scapa Flow
and NORFOLK arrived at Scapa Flow on 2 August.
KEPPEL, on passage from the Western Approaches to Scapa
Flow, was diverted at 0827 to the Clyde for escort duties.
destroyer arrived in the Clyde at 1600.
minefield BS.28 was laid on 27/28 July by destroyers
EXPRESS, ESK, INTREPID, ICARUS, and IMPULSIVE.
submarine WILK was docked at Rosyth.
SWORDFISH departed Blyth on patrol at the mouth of the
aircraft launched heavy air attacks on the Dover area.
CODRINGTON (Captain G. F. Stevens-Guille DSO, OBE,
D.1), under refit, was badly hit in Dover Harbour and run
aground with a broken back, but was damaged beyond repair.
Three ratings were wounded.
WALPOLE alongside depot ship SANDHURST in Dover Harbour
was badly damaged. She was towed to Chatham by tug LADY
BRASSEY, escorted by destroyers VIVACIOUS and damaged
BRILLIANT and later moved to London for repairs completed
in March 1941. SANDHURST was also badly damaged. She was
further damaged in another raid on the 29th and was towed
from Dover on 1 August for Portsmouth and then eventually
the loss of CODRINGTON, all destroyers were temporarily
withdrawn from Dover.
MONTROSE and WREN of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla were
escorting six minesweeper trawlers off Aldeburgh when they
were attacked by
aircraft from KG.53. WREN (Cdr F. W. G. Harker)
was sunk in 52‑10N, 02‑06E and MONTROSE badly damaged by
survivors were picked up by MONTROSE and minesweeper
HALCYON. Cdr Harker, S/Lt G. D. Astley-Cooper, Temporary
S/Lt E. A. Dicks RNVR, Warrant Engineer V. S. T. Hunt, and
thirty one ratings were lost. Temporary Surgeon Lt D. L.
P. de Courcey RNVR, Lt G. K. Horsey, and six ratings were
wounded. MONTROSE was towed to Harwich and repaired at
Chatham completing in June 1941.
cruiser GALATEA arrived at Rosyth.
OB.190 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WARWICK
and corvette HEARTSEASE from 27 to 30 July. The escort was
detached to inbound convoy HX.59.
FN.234 departed Southend, and arrived at the Tyne on the
FN.235 did not sail.
MT.122 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.234 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and
sloop LOWESTOFT, and arrived at Southend on the 29th.
HX.61 departed Halifax at 1000 escorted by Canadian
destroyers OTTAWA and SAGUENAY.
OTTAWA was detached on other duties on the 28th and did
not return immediately to Halifax.
Canadian destroyers turned the convoy over to the ocean
escort, armed merchant cruiser LACONIA and destroyer
SAGUENAY returned to Halifax early on the 28th. The armed
merchant cruiser was detached on 8 August.
BHX.61 departed Bermuda on the 26th escorted locally by
sloop PENZANCE and an ocean escort of armed merchant
cruiser RAJPUTANA. The convoy rendezvoused with convoy
HX.61 on the 31st and the armed merchant cruiser was
VANQUISHER, VISCOUNT, sloop DEPTFORD, and corvette MALLOW
joined on 8 August. Destroyers ACHATES and ANTHONY joined
on 9 August. On 10 August, ACHATES, ANTHONY and MALLOW
were detached. The remaining escorts arrived with the
convoy at Liverpool on 11 August.
sank steamers SAMBRE (5260grt) in 56‑37N, 17‑53W
and THIARA (10,364grt) in 56‑37N, 17‑56W, and
attacked another steamer traveling with SAMBRE without
success. Both ships were dispersed from convoy OB.188.
Destroyer WINCHELSEA rescued the entire crew (48) from
from THIARA were missing
DURDHAM (477grt) was sunk on a mine 1.54 miles
140.5° from Lavernock, Bristol Channel, 51-23-18N,
3-08-48W. Eight crew were lost.
SALVESTRIA (11,938grt) was sunk on a mine 2.8 miles
42° from Inchkeith Light House. Ten crew were lost.
fishing vessel CHARLES MADELEINE (99grt) was lost,
WESTAVON (2842grt) was damaged by German bombing in
destroyers and submarines on neutrality patrol in the Gulf
of Patras were attacked by Italian bombers.
AS.2 of four steamers started its voyage south with light
cruiser CAPETOWN and destroyers DEFENDER and STUART. On
the 28th, the convoy rendezvoused with light cruiser
LIVERPOOL, destroyers DAINTY and DIAMOND and passed
through Kithera Strait.
MALAYA, WARSPITE, RAMILLIES, aircraft carrier EAGLE, and
destroyers JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN, MOHAWK, HYPERION, ILEX,
HERO, HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, and DECOY departed Alexandria at
0300 to cover the convoy movement.
light cruiser SYDNEY and light cruiser NEPTUNE departed
Alexandria to meet the Mediterranean Fleet south of Crete.
operated off Derna during the night of 28 July to pass
wireless messages, and rejoined the main force during the
morning of 29 July.
ILEX, IMPERIAL, and HYPERION proceeded ahead of the Fleet
and were joined by destroyers HOSTILE and JANUS from
Alexandria. The ships arrived at Alexandria at 2000/29th.
RAMILLIES, EAGLE, and escorting destroyers STUART,
DEFENDER, JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN, MOHAWK, HERO, HEREWARD and
convoy AS.2 with LIVERPOOL arrived at Alexandria on the
and destroyers DAINTY and DIAMOND proceeded with the
convoy to Port Said.
PARTHIAN attacked two steamers southeast of Sicily without
convoy Operation TVL began when steamers MARIA EUGENIO,
GLORIA STELLA, MAULY, GBAINSIZZA, COL DI LANA, FRANCESCO
BARBARO, and CITTA DI BARI departed Naples, escorted by
torpedo boats PROCIONE, ORIONE, ORSA, and PEGASO of the
4th Torpedo Boat Division. From Catania, destroyers of the
10th Destroyer Division with MAESTRALE, LIBECCIO, GRECALE,
and SCIROCCO joined
the convoy escort,
and arrived at Tripoli on 1 August, despite an attack by
29 August, steamers MARCO POLO, CITTA DI NAPOLI, and CITTA
DI PALERMO departed Naples for Benghasi. The convoy was
escorted from Naples to Messina by torpedo boats CIRCE,
CLIO, CLIMENE, and CENTAURO of the 13th Torpedo Boat
Division. From Messina, the convoy was joined by torpedo
boats AIRONE, ARIEL, ALCIONE, and ARETUSA of the 1st
Torpedo Boat Division.
distance support on the 30th and 1 August, heavy cruiser
POLA (Flagship of 1st Cruiser Division), ZARA, FIUME,
GORIZIA, and TRENTO of the 1st Cruiser Division with
destroyers ALFIERI, ORIANI, CARDUCCI, and GIOBERTI of the
9th Destroyer Division, LANCIERE, CARABINERE, CORZZIERE,
and ALPINO of the 12th Destroyer Division,Light cruisers
DA BARBIANO, DI GUISSANO of the 4th Cruiser Division,
destroyers PIGAFETTA, ZENO, and MALOCELLO of the 15th
Destroyer Division, light cruisers EUGENIO DI SAVIOA, DUCA
DEGLI ABRUZZI, ATTENDOLO, MONTECUCCOLI of the 7th Cruiser
Division, and destroyers GRANATIERE, FUCLIERE,
BERSAGLIERE, and ASCARI of the 13th Destroyer Division,
and arrived at Benghasi at midnight on the 31st.
HG.40F of three ships departed
with a local escort of destroyer VIDETTE from the 27th to
31st. Destroyer MACKAY escorted the convoy from 31 July to
arrived at Plymouth on 2 August for refuelling, and the
convoy reached Liverpool on the 3rd.
cruiser DAUNTLESS departed Penang.
cruiser NORFOLK and destroyer WATCHMAN departed Greenock
at 0200 with British steamer GEORGIC (27759grt) and Dutch
steamer KONINGIN EMMA (4135grt) for Reykavik. Off the Mull
of Kintyre at 0500, destroyer VORTIGERN joined the force
cruiser COVENTRY arrived at Plymouth for drydocking. On 19
August, COVENTRY departed for Greenock arriving on the
yacht MASKI was sunk by gunfire of submarine
SWORDFISH in 55-32N, 1-31E. Four Norwegians were rescued
by the submarine which arrived back at Blyth on 8 August.
URSULA departed Rosyth for Blyth, arriving later that same
H.44 departed Harwich for patrol north of Hinder.
submarines O.21 and O.22 were undocked at Rosyth.
depot ship TITANIA departed the Tyne for Blyth, where she
arrived later the same day.
OA.191 departed Methil. No escorts were listed.
MT.123 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the
FS.235 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on the
sank steamer AUCKLAND STAR (13,212grt) in 52‑17N,
12‑32W. The crew rowed for Ireland and arrived three days
ORLOCK HEAD (1563grt) was badly damaged by German
bombing in 58‑44N, 04‑21W. She was hit by three bombs and
also hit by strafing, and sank later that day 6.7 miles
320° from Strathie Point. Six crew were lost.
Destroyers BERKELEY and AMAZON departed Scapa Flow at 0530
to assist, but although they did not locate the ship, did
find the survivors in their boats, who were landed at
patrol trawler STAUNTON (283grt, Skipper S. W.
Campbell RNR) was sunk on a mine eight cables 50° from
East Knoll Buoy.
Campbell and twelve ratings were lost, and there were no
Greek steamer ERMIONI (440grt), carrying military
supplies to Italy, was intercepted and captured by light
cruisers NEPTUNE and SYDNEY in the Aegean. Together with
destroyer DECOY, they had been detached from the Main
Fleet to intercept the ship and were sweeping in the
Aegean. ERMIONI was scuttled.
MATHURA (8890grt) was damaged by Italian bombing at Aden.
armed merchant cruiser THOR damaged armed merchant cruiser
ALCANTARA in an engagement off Trinidade, off the coast of
Brazil. Lt R. W. Pickersgill RNR and one rating were
killed and seven crew wounded in the British ship. Heavy
cruiser DORSETSHIRE returned to Freetown for refuelling,
arriving on the 29th, and left to search for the German
raider, but did not make contact. ALCANTARA
arrived at Rio de Janiero for repairs on 1 August.
to the political situation with the Vichy French at Duala,
light cruiser DRAGON departed Duala and proceeded to
Lagos, arriving on the 29th. She was relieved by sloop
BRIDGEWATER on 1 August.
SLF.41 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser PRETORIA CASTLE to 10 August. Armed merchant
cruiser BULOLO joined on the 8th when convoy SL.41 merged.
On the 10th, both escorts were detached.
Destroyers HESPERUS, SKEENA, WARWICK and corvettes CLARKIA
and CLEMATIS joined the same day and escorted the convoy
to Liverpool, arriving on the 14th.
Home Fleet at Scapa Flow was brought to four hour's notice
DELIGHT (Cdr M. Fogg-Elliot DSO) of the 3rd
Destroyer Flotilla departed Portsmouth at 1500 for the
Clyde, but was sunk by German bombing off Portland.
- The new “Freya” radar, 60 miles away, spotted the
destroyer and vectored in the bombers.)
ratings were killed, four missing, and six died of wounds.
Fogg-Elliott, Midshipman R. T. Hale RNR, and Gunner (T) W.
W. G. Hubbert, and fifty six ratings were wounded. Her
survivors were rescued by ML.102, ML.105, MA/SB.1,
MA/SB.5, destroyers BROKE, VANSITTART, and auxiliary
patrol boats PILOT (103grt) and CONQUEROR (177grt).
SIKH and AMAZON departed Scapa Flow at 0400, INGLEFIELD
and KEPPEL the Clyde at 0535, and HIGHLANDER, VISCOUNT,
VANQUISHER, and WANDERER from Liverpool to join inbound
Canadian troop convoy TC.6. The convoy was met in 57-12N,
21-50W at 2000/30th, and safely arrived at Greenock at
ZULU departed Scapa Flow at 1600 for the Tyne where she
arrived at 0700/30th for a refit. Part of the refit
included the placement of a twin 4in anti-aircraft gun in
her X gun position.
FERNIE departed Scapa Flow at 1315 for Dover to join the
Dover Command, but en route, was diverted to Portsmouth.
PORPOISE laid minefield FD.23 in 55‑56N, 06‑18E off the
Norwegian coast. After this minelay, the minelaying
submarines were diverted to the Bay of Biscay, and there
was no more submarine minelaying off Norway until January
SEALION attacked a U.62 with gunfire and torpedoes west of
submarine iwas damaged.
TRITON sighted a German submarine off Korsfjord steering
H.50 arrived at Harwich.
L.26, Dutch submarine O.23, and Dutch torpedo boat Z.6
arrived at Rosyth.
Swordfish aircraft was lost in a torpedo exercise near
Lady Isle. Probationary Temporary Midshipman (A) G J A
Shelley RNVR, was killed.
trawler DANEMAN (516grt) engaged German motor torpedo
boats 22 miles WSW of Beachy Head between 0044 and 0315.
OB.191 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WALKER and
corvette PERIWINKLE from 30 July to 2 August. The escort
was detached to inbound convoy SL.40.
FN.236 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on the
MT.124 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.236 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WINCHESTER
and sloop WESTON, and arrived at Southend on the 31st.
sank steamer CLAN MENZIES (7336grt) in 54‑10N,
12W. Six crew were killed.
GRONLAND (1264grt), which had been damaged on the
25th, was sunk in outer Dover Harbour by German bombing.
Nineteen crew were killed.
yacht GULZAR (197grt) was sunk by German bombing
in the submarine basin in Dover Harbour. The entire crew
OUSEBRIDGE (5601grt) was sunk on a mine in Queen's
Channel, Liverpool, 800 feet 5° from Q. 5 red buoy. Her
bow was blown off and back broken. Two crew were killed.
MOIDART (1262grt) was sunk on a mine in 51‑59N,
01‑49E. Eleven crew were killed.
CLAN MONROE (5952grt) was badly damaged on a mine
in 51‑52N, 01‑48E. Thirteen crew were lost. She anchored
off South Shipwash on the 30th with a broken back, was
taken in tow on the 31st but grounded 3.8 miles 224° from
Orfordness Light House.
LEACH'S ROMANCE (44grt) was sunk on a mine 10½
miles due south of Kemp Town. The crew of four were lost.
service vessel UMVOTI (5183grt) was sunk as a
by Italian bombers, light cruiser LIVERPOOL of the AS.2
escort was struck by a bomb which passed through B gun
deck without exploding. One rating was killed and two
cruiser GLOUCESTER arrived at Port Said.
MAORI and FURY departed Scapa Flow at 0010 to search for a
German submarine reported at 2050 by anti-submarine
trawler LE TIGER (516grt) in 56‑42N, 5‑33W, astern of her
convoy off Cape Wrath. The destroyers were recalled at
1238 later that day .
REPULSE with destroyers FORTUNE, ECHO, and FIREDRAKE
departed Scapa Flow at 1800 for low angle and high angle
full calibre firings.
cruiser NORFOLK arrived at Reykavik.
merchant cruiser MOOLTAN departed Devonport for Freetown.
Off Land's End, she was damaged by German bombing, and
proceeded to Liverpool for repairs which were completed 23
August. MOOLTAN departed Liverpool on 30 August to return
minefield BS.29 was laid by minelayers PLOVER and WILLEM
VAN DER ZAAN with destroyers INTREPID and ESK.
URSULA departed Blyth on patrol off southern Norway.
submarines O.21 and O.22 departed Rosyth on patrol.
Swordfish of 812 Squadron collided with another Swordfish
south of North Coates during an exercise. Lt J. H. Barnes
and S/Lt R. M. Andrews were killed in one, and S/Lt J.
Gaillard and Lt D. Groome in the other.
NIGER was damaged in a collision with minesweeping trawler
LAUREL (590grt) in the North Sea. NIGER was repaired at
Grimsby completing in August.
TEDWORTH was damaged by German bombing at Dover, and
repaired at Portsmouth from 6 August to 12 December.
OA.192 departed Methil escorted by destroyer ST LAURENT
and sloop SANDWICH from 30 July to 3 August , then
anti-submarine trawler ST KENAN from 30 July to 1 August.
The destroyer and sloop were detached to inbound convoy
FN.237 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN and
sloop LOWESTOFT. Destroyers JAVELIN and JUPITER joined on
the 31st, and the convoy arrived in the Tyne on 1 August.
MT.125 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.237 departed the Tyne, and arrived at Southend on 1
motor trawler JOHN (197grt) was damaged by German bombing
35 miles WNW of Bull Rock, southwest Ireland.
carrier ARGUS, with destroyers ENCOUNTER, HOTSPUR,
GALLANT, and GREYHOUND arrived at Gibraltar.
HG.40 with 24 ships departed Gibraltar escorted locally by
destroyer WISHART and anti-submarine trawler LEYLAND,
which was detached on 3 August. Sloop WELLINGTON escorted
the convoy from 30 July to 14 August.
Destroyer WESTCOTT from outbound convoy OG.40 escorted the
convoy from 10 to 14 August, which arrived at Liverpool on
of the Mediterranean Fleet, including battleship RAMILLIES
and the light cruisers and destroyers operating in the
Aegean on the 28th, arrived back at Alexandria.
OSWALD departed Alexandria on the 19th for patrol in the
Straits of Messina. On the 30th, she sighted an Italian
cruiser and later in the day, four other cruisers escorted
by destroyers, but was unable to attack either contact. She
then made an attack against an Operation TVL convoy of
steamers MARIA EUGENIA, GLORIA STELLA, MAULY, BAINSIZZA,
COL DI LANA, FRANCESCO BARBARO, and CITTA DI BARI en route
to Tripoli from Naples escorted by destroyers MAESTRALE,
LIBECCIO, GRECALE,and SCIROCCO with torpedo boats
PROCIONE, ORIONE, ORSA, and PEGASO but this attack was
REGULUS, which arrived from Hong Kong at Singapore on the
2nd, departed Singapore on the 3rd, but on the 4th
encountered bad weather with damage to her superstructure.
She arrived Colombo on 9 July, departed Colombo on the
10th, arrived Aden on the 20th, departed Aden on the 23rd,
and Port Said on the 28th. REGULUS arrived at Alexandria
for duty with the Mediterranean Fleet on the 30th.
REGENT, which departed Hong Kong on 30 June, arrived
Singapore on the 6 July, departed Singapore on the 11th,
Colombo on the 18th, then arrived with Australian sloop
PARRAMATTA at Aden on the 30th. She left Aden on the 31st
for Suez and duty with the Mediterranean Fleet, while
PARRAMATTA began escort duties in the Red Sea.
WHITSHED and WILD SWAN of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla and
AMBUSCADE of the 16th Destroyer Flotilla departed Harwich
late on the 30th to conduct a sweep in the North Sea off
the Zuider Zee. Returning to Harwich after the sweep,
WHITSHED was mined off Harwich and badly damaged with the
forward part of the ship collapsing. Partly under her own
power until it was gradually lost and partly in tow of
WILD SWAN, she was taken stern first to Harwich, screened
by AMBUSCADE. Patrol sloop PUFFIN and two MTBs also
assisted, and tug KROOMAN was also sent to assist.
WHITSHED repaired at Chatham completing on 21 December.
H.28 arrived at Harwich.
OB.192 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer VANOC with
corvettes MALLOW and GLADIOLUS from 31 July to 4 August.
The destroyer was detached to inbound convoy HX.60.
FN.238 departed Southend, and arrived in the Tyne on 2
MT.126 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later that
FS.238 departed the Tyne, escorted by sloop FLEETWOOD. On
1 August, destroyers WOOLSTON, JUPITER, and KELVIN joined.
Destroyers JUPITER and KELVIN were detached later that
day. On 2 August, destroyers AMBUSCADE, MALCOLM, and WILD
SWAN joined, and arrived at Southend on 2 August.
sank steamers JAMAICA PROGRESS (5475grt) at
56‑26N, 08‑30W and JERSEY CITY (6322grt) in
55‑47N, 09‑18W. Six crew and one gunner were lost on
JAMAICA PROGRESS, and two on JERSEY CITY. Steamer
GLOUCESTER CITY (3071grt)
43 survivors from JERSEY CITY, who were taken into
Liverpool by destroyer
- trawler NEWLAND rescued thirty JAMAICA PROGRESS
steamer STALHEIM (1298grt) was sunk on a mine one
half mile WSW of South Pier, Port Talbot. Five crew were
HX.62 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyer
SAGUENAY and auxiliary patrol vessel FRENCH at 0715. At
midnight the convoy was turned over to armed merchant
cruiser AURANIA. FRENCH
detached on 1 August and SAGUENAY on the 2nd,
BHX.62 departed Bermuda on the 30th escorted locally by
sloop PENZANCE, and with ocean escort provided by armed
merchant cruiser MONTCLARE. The convoy rendezvoused with
convoy HX.62 on 4 August when MONTCLARE detached. AURANIA
continued on with the convoy until the 11th, when she
detached. HX.62 reached Liverpool on the 15th.
Squadron 7, light cruisers ORION, NEPTUNE, and SYDNEY,
with destroyers NUBIAN, JUNO, and GARLAND departed
Alexandria at 0600 to operate in the Aegean as a diversion
for operation HURRY, the transfer of aircraft to Malta by
ROYAL SOVEREIGN and MALAYA, aircraft carrier EAGLE, with
destroyers JERVIS, HERO, HASTY, HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, ILEX,
HOSTILE, and VENDETTA departed Alexandria at 1420 to carry
out gunnery practices and proceed westward towards Gavdo
Island until after dark on 1 August.
BS.2 departed Suez, escorted by sloops GRIMSBY and CLIVE.
The sloops were detached on 3 August when anti-aircraft
cruiser CARLISLE, light cruiser LEANDER, and sloop
FLAMINGO joined. The convoy was dispersed on 9 August.
armed merchant cruiser PINGUIN sank steamer DOMINGO DE
LARRINGA (5358grt) in the South Atlantic in 05‑27S,
18‑21W. Eight crew were lost, and 30 made prisoners of
early July to late August, light cruisers (mainly) of the
Home Fleet were deployed in the south of England for
invasion defense under operation PURGE.
Humber and Sheerness - AURORA and GALATEA of the 2nd
Humber, Sheerness, Firth of Forth, and Southend -
SHEFFIELD and BIRMINGHAM of the 18th Cruiser Squadron.
They arrived at Sheerness from the Humber at 0750/2nd.
Portsmouth - MANCHESTER of the 18th Cruiser Squadron.
Plymouth - NEWCASTLE of the 18th Cruiser Squadron.
Clyde - heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE of the 1st Cruiser
the end of July, the 5th Destroyer Flotilla was
transferred from Scapa Flow to Immingham for invasion
Destroyers transferred at that time were JAVELIN, JAGUAR,
JUPITER, JACKAL, KIPLING, and KELVIN.
the end of July, submarines were assigned to patrol in the
Bay of Biscay off Bordeaux. The first two were TIGRIS,
which departed Rothesay on the 16th and returned on 5
August, and TALISMAN, which departed Greenock on the 27th
to relieve TIGRIS.
August, the patrols continued with CACHALOT sailing on the
15th, TRIBUNE on the 16th, TIGRIS for a second patrol on
the 27th, and TALISMAN for a second patrol on the 29th,
all from Rothesay.
submarine O.15 was out of service with defects at Bermuda.
the end of July, the following destroyers were under
Scapa Flow boiler cleaning, ANTELOPE at Tyne repairing,
ANTHONY at Scapa Flow boiler cleaning, BEAGLE at
Portsmouth repairing, BEDOUIN at Scapa Flow boiler
cleaning, BRILLIANT at Chatham repairing, BOADICEA at
Portsmouth repairing, BOREAS at London repairing, BROKE at
Plymouth boiler cleaning, DIANA at London refitting,
DOUGLAS at Portsmouth refitting, ESKIMO at Barrow
repairing, ECLIPSE at Clyde refitting, ELECTRA at Greenock
repairing, FAME at Rosyth repairing, HARVESTER at
Liverpool boiler cleaning, ISIS at Plymouth repairing,
IVANHOE at Chatham repairing, JERSEY at Hull repairing,
KASHMIR at Hull repairing, KELLY at Tyne repairing,
MATABELE at Falmouth repairing, MONTROSE at Chatham
repairing, SHIKARI at Portsmouth refitting, SOMALI at
Liverpool repairing, VANESSA at Sheerness refitting,
WALLACE at Rosyth refitting, WATERHEN at Suez refitting,
WHITEHALL at Plymouth reboilering, WISHART at Gibraltar
refitting, WITCH at Plymouth repairing, ZULU at Tyne
repairing, Polish BLYSKAWICA and BURZA, both at Portsmouth