Events - September-December 1940
in Atlantic, Blitz on Britain, Attack on Taranto,
German raiders at sea
cruiser FIJI (Captain W G Benn), which departed Scapa
Flow on 31 August, was torpedoed and badly damaged in
58‑25N, 13‑10W northwest of Ireland by U.32 at 1725.
Five ratings were killed. Destroyers TARTAR, PUNJABI,
JAVELIN, and JAGUAR departed Scapa Flow at 1930 and
joined FIJI. Destroyers BEDOUIN and ASHANTI departed
their escort of convoy HX.67 to join. When FIJI was
found capable of steaming, she was escorted by BEDOUIN,
ASHANTI, VOLUNTEER and ANTELOPE. She was able to proceed
under her own power at ten knots and arrived without
further incident at 1930/3rd at the Clyde.
WOLVERINE, AMBUSCADE, JAVELIN and JAGUAR were detached
to join inbound convoy TC.7, while TARTAR and PUNJABI
joined inbound convoy HX.67A. FIJI's place in operation
MENACE was filled by Australian heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA
which arrived at Greenock on the 1st, and departed the
Clyde on the 6th for Freetown. FIJI was repairing at
Greenock through the end of January 1941.
VERSATILE and VIMY departed Rosyth at 1700 escorting
minelayer MANCHESTER CITY to the Clyde where they
arrived at 2100/3rd.
SOMALI, MACKAY, WESTCOTT and HESPERUS were involved in a
search for a German submarine in 54‑21N, 5‑05W after the
U-boat was reported by a civilian aircraft.
cruiser GALATEA, which was with light cruiser AURORA had
departed the Humber on 31 August to meet destroyers
KELVIN, JUPITER and VORTIGERN off Sheringham Light
Vessel, struck a mine off the Humber as she returned to
port. It exploded on the port side abreast B-turret
causing minor damage. The two cruisers arrived in the
Humber on the 1st.
OB.207 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer HESPERUS
and corvette GLADIOLUS. On 2 September, the convoy was
joined by destroyers KEPPEL and WITCH.
FN.269 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VERDUN,
sloop STORK, and patrol sloop PINTAIL. The patrol sloop
was detached on the 2nd, and the convoy arrived in the
Tyne on the 3rd.
MT.157 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
that same day.
FS.269 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer WOOLSTON
and sloop FLEETWOOD, and arrived at Southend on the 3rd.
departing Grangemouth at 2130 for Rosyth, submarine
SUNFISH sank patrol launch MESME in an
accidental collision. The crew of three were all lost.
TUNA unsuccessfully attacked a German submarine in
badly damaged Greek steamer EFPLOIA (3867grt) in
55‑27N, 13‑17W. The entire crew were picked up by
destroyer ANTHONY, and the Greek ship was so badly
damaged she was sunk by ANTHONY the same day in 55-43N,
trawler ROYALO (248grt) was sunk on an aerial
mine laid by German IX Air Division aircraft in Mount's
Bay, 90° from Penzance Pier. Temporary Lt I W Watt RNR,
Temporary Skipper W D.Warford RNR, and five ratings were
TIGRIS, which departed Rothesay on 27 August, sank a
French trawler SANCTE MICHAEL (168grt) off
HX.70 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyer
ASSINIBOINE and auxiliary patrol boat FRENCH at 1520.
Convoy commodore was on steamer HILARY (7403grt). Patrol
boat FRENCH was detached from the convoy at 2100 and
destroyer ASSINIBOINE stayed until 1605 on the 2nd.
Ocean escort was armed merchant cruiser MONTCLARE which
returned to Halifax when light cruiser EMERALD joined
the convoy on the 5th.
BHX.70 departed Bermuda on 31 August escorted by ocean
escort, light cruiser EMERALD. The convoy rendezvoused
with HX.70 on the 5th and the light cruiser was
detached. The convoy was joined by destroyers ACHATES,
ACTIVE, and VANQUISHER, sloop WESTON, and corvettes
ERICA, MALLOW, and PRIMROSE on the 13th and the convoy
arrived at Liverpool on the 16th.
(A) E. W. Lockwood, Acting S/Lt (A) R. G. D. Kite, and
Acting Leading Airman S. Simpson of 813 Squadron from
aircraft carrier EAGLE crashed at sea and were made
prisoners of war after eight days in a dingy.
carrier ARK ROYAL launched an air strike on the airfield
at Cagliari in operation SMASH. On 2 September, ARK
ROYAL was to have launched an air strike in operation
GRAB for another strike on the Cagliari airfield and the
Cagliari power plant, but the planes could not locate
the target in poor weather.
OPERATIONS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, INCLUDING CONVOYS MB.3
cruiser ORION and Australian light cruiser SYDNEY were
detached at 1400 to rendezvous with escort
ship/destroyer WRYNECK coming from Malta, and then join
STUART, DEFENDER, VAMPIRE, and VENDETTA were detached
from the Main Fleet at 2000 to proceed to Malta.
2 September, anti-aircraft cruisers COVENTRY and
CALCUTTA with destroyers NUBIAN, MOHAWK, JANUS and JUNO
were detached to Malta.
0900 aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS (right -
NavyPhotos), battleship VALIANT, light cruiser
ORION with destroyers WRYNECK, GALLANT, GREYHOUND,
GRIFFIN, and HOTSPUR from Gibraltar were met by the
and VENDETTA rejoined at 0930/2nd and destroyers
HEREWARD and ILEX were detached to Malta to refuel.
and CALCUTTA arrived at Malta at 1005, and SYDNEY also
1010, VALIANT and destroyers HYPERION, DECOY, HASTY, and
WRYNECK were detached to Malta.
MB.3, consisting of steamer VOLO (1587grt) and oiler
PLUMLEAF (5916grt), arrived safely at Malta at 1130/2nd,
escorted by destroyers DAINTY and DIAMOND.
third ship of the convoy, steamer CORNWALL (10,605grt),
which had been damaged by Italian bombing on 31 August,
was brought into Malta on the 3rd by tugs JAUNTY and
ANCIENT, escorted by destroyers JERVIS and JUNO.
1415, JANUS was detached to Malta to refuel.
1504, COVENTRY with JANUS, JUNO, NUBIAN, and MOHAWK
joined the Main Fleet at sea.
and ILEX rejoined at 1645.
MALAYA, aircraft carrier EAGLE, together with COVENTRY
and JANUS, JUNO, DAINTY, DIAMOND, VAMPIRE, and VENDETTA
were detached at 1657 as Force E, and heavy cruiser
KENT, light cruisers GLOUCESTER and LIVERPOOL with
NUBIAN and MOHAWK as Force A for Operation MB.3.
and ILEX attacked a submarine contact near the fleet at
1856, destroyer VOYAGER was detached to Malta, and at
1900, CALCUTTA with HASTY, HERO, DECOY, and WRYNECK
joined the Fleet.
departed Malta at 1908 to rejoin the Mediterranean
2200, GALLANT, GREYHOUND, GRIFFIN, HOTSPUR, and GARLAND
were detached to Malta to refuel.
IMPERIAL with the 1st Battle Squadron and JANUS were
unsuccessfully attacked by Italian Ju.87 dive bombers
near Malta on the 2nd.
with STUART, HYPERION, IMPERIAL and JANUS rejoined the
Main Fleet at 2330.
0700/3rd, destroyer DEFENDER, which had been delayed at
Malta with a damaged Asdic dome, rejoined the fleet.
I for Operation MB.3 was formed with battleships
WARSPITE and VALIANT, aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS,
anti-aircraft ship CALCUTTA, plus destroyers STUART,
VOYAGER, DECOY, DEFENDER, HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, HYPERION,
ILEX, HASTY, and WRYNECK.
suffered a burst steam pipe at 2200 and was instructed
to join convoy AS.3 of four steamers.
2230, light cruisers ORION and SYDNEY with destroyers
ILEX and DECOY were detached for a dawn bombardment of
H arrived back at Gibraltar after HATS on the 3rd.
ships COVENTRY and CALCUTTA were detached off the Island
of Hydra and joined convoy AS.3 on the 4th.
Rhodes at 0345, ILLUSTRIOUS launched nine torpedo
bombers of the 815 (Lt Cdr R. Williamson) and 819
Squadron (Lt Cdr J. W. Hale DSO) at 0345 on the 4th to
attack the airfield at Callado. The ninth Swordfish
crashed on take off and observer Lt A E. Ogilvy of 815
Squadron was killed. Lt L. J. Kiggell and Leading Airman
K. Allum of the crew were rescued by destroyer IMPERIAL.
This accident prevented three more Swordfish for the
operation from taking off. Aircraft carrier EAGLE
launched twelve torpedo bombers of the 813 (Lt Cdr N.
Kennedy DSC) and 824 Squadron (Lt Cdr A J. Debenham DSC)
to attack the airfield at Maritza.
EAGLE Swordfish aircraft of 813 Squadron were shot down
over Maritza. One of these Swordfish, piloted by Lt (A)
R. H. Hain, with a crew of Observer Probationary S/Lt
(A) V. H. Smith RNVR, and Naval Airman W. F. Taylor was
able to successfully make a forced landing on Kasos
Island where they were made prisoners of war. One
aircraft crew of the pilot Lt (A) S. Hook and Leading
Airman L. C. White was captured, but the observer Lt K.
S. Bell was lost with the aircraft. Pilot Lt (A) D. N.
Collins, Observer R. H. Marsh, and Petty Officer A
Wilson of another aircraft were picked up by an Italian
submarine and made prisoners of war. Pilot Lt (A) D. R.
M. Drummond, Observer Acting S/Lt (A) A M. Todd, and
Leading Airman G. E. Derwent were lost when their
aircraft crashed into the sea. Todd's body later washed
ashore on the coast of Egypt weeks later.
with DECOY and SYDNEY with ILEX bombarded Scarpanto and
Port Maltezana in Stampalia. ILEX rammed and sank
Italian motor torpedo boat MAS.537. The MAS.536
was also attacked by ILEX, but was not damaged.
and EAGLE, escorted by JUNO, DAINTY, DIAMOND, VAMPIRE,
VENDETTA, and WRYNECK were detached to proceed
independently to Alexandria, arriving at 2100/4th. EAGLE
was docked on the 5th.
WARSPITE and VALIANT, aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS, with
destroyers HYPERION, HERO, HASTY, HEREWARD, IMPERIAL,
JANUS, and DEFENDER were some forty miles to the north
of the MALAYA group and arrived at Alexandria at
cruiser KENT, light cruisers GLOUCESTER and LIVERPOOL,
with destroyers MOHAWK and NUBIAN were detached from the
Mediterranean Fleet on the 4th to the Gulf of Nauphlia
to escort convoy AS.3 of four steamers to Port Said.
Destroyers IMPERIAL and HEREWARD sailed on the 5th
to relieve destroyers NUBIAN and MOHAWK.
destroyer GARLAND, returning to Gibraltar from Malta
with GALLANT, GREYHOUND, GRIFFIN, and HOTSPUR of Force
H, was bombed by Italian bombers between 1225 and
1430/4th. No damage was done, but GARLAND, with leaks in
two boilers, was taken in tow by GRIFFIN from 1715 to
1845, after which she was able to proceed on one boiler.
The destroyers arrived at Gibraltar late on the 5th.
After repairs, GARLAND departed Gibraltar on the 14th
for duty in the Western Approaches.
GLOUCESTER and LIVERPOOL, anti-aircraft ships COVENTRY
and CALCUTTA, and destroyer STUART arrived at Alexandria
during the morning of 6 September while destroyers
MOHAWK and NUBIAN arrived in the afternoon. Convoy AS 3
and destroyers HEREWARD and IMPERIAL arrived at Port
Said on the 6th. Swedish steamer STUREBORG, a straggler
from the convoy, arrived at Port Said on the 8th.
cruiser DRAGON departed Durban for Simonstown.
cruiser DESPATCH departed Kingston to return to England.
SLS.46 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser DUNNOTTAR CASTLE to 13 September when the convoy
cruiser DELHI departed Lagos for Manoca.
BS.3A departed Suez, escorted by sloop GRIMSBY. Light
cruiser HOBART with destroyers KANDAHAR and KIMBERLEY
joined on the 3rd. The convoy was dispersed on the 6th.
DUNCAN departed Scapa Flow at 1330 to rendezvous with
destroyer MAORI at 2100 off Aberdeen to escort steamers
BEN MY CHREE and LADY OF MANN to Kirkwall and Lerwick,
OA.208 departed Methil escorted by destroyer SKEENA,
sloop LOWESTOFT, plus anti-submarine trawlers DRANGEY,
FANDANGO, and NORTHERN GEM.
FN.270 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer
WOLFHOUND, sloop BLACK SWAN, and patrol sloop WIDGEON,
and arrived in the Tyne on the 4th.
MT.158 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
FS.270 departed the Tyne and arrived at Southend on the
STURGEON sank German steamer PIONIER (3285grt)
northeast of Skagen in 57-50N, 10‑46E. Approximately
1,000 German troops were lost in the sinking.
TIGRIS unsuccessfully attacked U.58 in 47-29N, 4-24W.
an air raid over Flushing, an Albacore of the 826
Squadron from PEREGRINE was shot down. S/Lt (A) H. M.
Howard, Probationary Midshipman (A) C. A Wright RNVR,
and Naval Airman T. R. R. Harwood were captured and made
prisoners of war.
sank steamers THORNLEA (4261grt) in 55‑14N,
16‑40W and BIBURY
(4616grt) at approximately the same location from a
group of ships from dispersed convoy OB.205. There were
no survivors from BIBURY, and three crew from THORNLEA
were lost. Canadian destroyer SKEENA and Norwegian
steamer HILD (1356grt) rescued the THORNLEA survivors.
sank Belgian steamer VILLE DE MONS (7463grt) in
58‑20N, 12W, but the entire crew was rescued.
bombing attacks were launched again convoy WN.12.
Steamer LAGOSIAN (5412grt) was damaged 13 miles ESE of
Peterhead, and her survivors rescued by anti-submarine
trawler SOUTHERN GEM (593grt), steamer ASHBY (4868grt)
and the Dutch DELFTDIJK (10,220grt), both off Rattray
Destroyers DUNCAN and HOLDERNESS joined the escort to
provide further anti-aircraft protection.
SC.3 departed St Johns escorted by Canadian destroyer
ASSINIBOINE and armed yacht REINDEER in the local
approaches and were detached on the 4th. Sloop DUNDEE
was the ocean escort, but was lost on the 14th. On the
15th, destroyers OTTAWA, SKEENA, and WITCH, with
anti-submarine trawler DRANGEY joined the escort. The
trawler was detached the next day. Destroyers ST LAURENT
and WANDERER joined on the 17th, and the convoy arrived
at Liverpool next day on the 18th.
anti-submarine whaler UJ.121 (whaler JOCHEN,
523grt) was sunk on a mine off Ostend. The hulk of the
sunken ship blocked the channel for the 2nd S-Flotilla.
BARHAM with destroyers INGLEFIELD, ECHO, ESCAPADE, and
ECLIPSE arrived at Gibraltar after departing Scapa Flow
on 27 August. ECHO had left on the 28th.
VELOX attacked a submarine contact near Alboran Island.
cruiser ENTERPRISE departed Freetown.
armed merchant cruiser WIDDER sank tanker CYMBELINE
(6317grt) in the Central Atlantic at 27‑55N, 36‑01W.
Seven crew were lost, while 25 crew and one distressed
British seaman were made prisoners of war.
Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES departed Melbourne and
arrived at Auckland on the 5th.
light cruiser ADELAIDE departed Sydney on the 2nd for
Vila, New Caledonia, via Brisbane. On the 3rd, she was
in a collision with steamer COPTIC (8533grt). Neither
ship was significantly damaged and ADELAIDE arrived at
Vila on the 7th. She departed on the 16th escorting
Norwegian tanker NORDEN (8440grt) carrying the new Free
French government to Noumea, and arrived off there on
movements at Scapa Flow were held up due to mine laying
by German IX Air Divison aircraft during the night in
the southern entrances.
Destroyer DUNCAN remained at sea after escorting steamer
LADY OF MANN to Lerwick. Destroyer HOLDERNESS was
delayed in sailing until 1230 to provide additional
escort for convoy WN.12 to Methil .
ZULU, SIKH, KASHMIR, and KIPLING departed Scapa Flow at
1200 for Loch Alsh where they arrived at 1900. On the
4th, they escorted minelayers SOUTHERN PRINCE, PORT
QUEBEC, and MENESTHEUS from Loch Alsh at 1400/4th on
minelaying operation SN 5A, which was conducted during
the night of the 4th/5th, and arrived back at Scapa Flow
at 1400/6th after the lay.
BEDOUIN and ASHANTI departed the Clyde for Scapa Flow,
arriving at 1635 on the 4th.
INTREPID, ICARUS, and IMPULSIVE departed Immingham to
lay minefield MS (A) near South Goodwin Light Vessel.
They were escorted by six motor torpedo boats and the
minelay was completed early on the 4th. They departed
Immingham again on the 5th and laid minefield MS (B), an
extension of the first field.
OB.208 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer
WESTCOTT, sloop FOLKESTONE, and corvette PERIWINKLE. The
next day, the convoy was joined by destroyer SCIMITAR.
On 6 September, WESTCOTT and PERIWINKLE were detached
and on the 7th, SCIMITAR and FOLKESTONE left the convoy.
FN.271 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIMIERA
and sloop EGRET. Patrol sloop SHEARWATER joined on the
4th, on which day the convoy arrived in the Tyne.
MT.159 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
FS.271 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers
VALOROUS and WESTMINSTER. Sloop SHEARWATER joined the
convoy en route, which arrived at Southend on the 5th.
sank steamer ULVA (1401grt) at 55‑45N, 11‑45W,
with the loss of three crew.
was sunk in an accidental collision with Norwegian
steamer RONA (1376grt) at Brunsbuttel. Six crew were
lost and 19 rescued, she was salved on 11 January 1941,
repaired for training duties, and recommissioned on 30
SHOREHAM intercepted Greek steamer EVROS (5283grt) in
the Red Sea.
cruiser DORSETSHIRE departed Simonstown for Durban.
cruiser DRAGON arrived at Capetown from Lobito.
steamer TROPIC SEA (5781grt), captured by German
armed merchant cruiser ORION on 18 May 1940, was
scuttled when intercepted by submarine TRUANT in the Bay
of Biscay, in 46-30N, 11-30W. The survivors,
included the crew from steamer HAXBY sunk by ORION, were
picked up by TRUANT. Twenty one survivors were landed at
Corunna. Ten survivors were picked up by a flying boat.
FRENCH NAVY MOVEMENTS
merchant cruiser CAP DES PALMES escorted by submarine
PONCELET and sloop BOUGAINVILLE departed Dakar for
Libreville where they arrived with troops on the 10th.
D'ENTRECASTEUX and submarine AJAX departed Casablanca
for Libreville on the 3rd.
cruiser PRIMAUGEUT, sloop GAZELLE, and tanker TARN also
departed Casablanca for Libreville on the 4th.
D'IBERVILLE, SURPRISE, and COMMANDANT RIVIERE followed
over the next few days, .
to the presence of Vichy French submarine SIDI FERRUCH
at Libreville, light cruiser DELHI departed Duala to
carry ten French officers to Pointe Noire.
BRIDGEWATER departed Lagos for Freetown.
SL.46 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser BULOLO until the 19th, when the convoy was
joined by Polish destroyer GARLAND and corvettes
GARDENIA, GERANIUM, and PERIWINKLE. The convoy arrived
at Liverpool on the 23rd.
light cruiser ST LOUIS embarked an evaluation board
under Rear Admiral J. W. Greenslade to examine base
sites acquired under Lend Lease. She departed Norfolk,
Virginia on the 3rd, arrived at Bermuda on the 5th and
departed on the 8th to return to Norfolk, arriving on
the 10th. Leaving again on the 12th for St Johns,
Newfoundland, she arrived there on the 16th, and
departed on the 18th for Argentia. On the 21st, she
departed Argentia, arrived at Boston on the 23rd, sailed
again the same day, and arrived back at Norfolk on the
cruisers MANCHESTER, SOUTHAMPTON, and BIRMINGHAM
departed Rosyth at 1300 with destroyer HOLDERNESS, were
joined at sea by destroyers KELVIN and JUPITER, and
proceeded to Immingham.
JAVELIN departed the Clyde for the Humber.
JAGUAR departed the Clyde for Rosyth.
Admiral Destroyers, Home Fleet transferred to destroyer
depot ship GREENWICH at 0800.
depot ship WOOLWICH, escorted by destroyers MAORI and
DUNCAN departed Scapa Flow for Liverpool at 1700, and
arrived safely at 1200/6th. DUNCAN and MAORI then
proceeded to Lough Foyle to escort submarine depot ship
TITANIA to Rosyth. They sailed from Lough Foyle at
OA.209 departed Methil escorted by sloop FOWEY and
corvette CAMELLIA from 4 to 8 September.
OB.209 departed Liverpool escorted by corvettes CLARKIA
and HEARTSEASE, and was joined on the 5th by destroyer
WINCHELSEA and on the 6th by destroyers AMBUSCADE and
ARROW, plus anti-submarine trawlers ST KENAN and ST
LOMAN. The ARROW detached later on the 6th, followed by
AMBUSCADE, WINCHELSEA, CLARKIA and HEARTSEASE on the
8th. ST KENAN and ST LOMAN remained until the 9th.
FN.272 departed Southend with destroyer WOOLSTON, sloop
FLEETWOOD, and patrol sloop PUFFIN, and arrived in the
Tyne on the 6th.
MT.160 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
FS.272 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN
and sloop LONDONDERRY. Sloop PUFFIN joined on the 5th,
and the convoy arrived at Southend on the 6th.
TUNA made contact a German submarine in 56-26N, 1-17E,
but was unable to attack.
sank steamer LUIMNEACH (1074grt) in 47‑50N,
09‑12W, picked up three survivors and made them
prisoners of war, while the rest of the crew were later
rescued by Allied ships.
sank steamer TITAN (9035grt) in 58‑14N, 15‑50W
and reported damaging a steamer at the same time and
location, also from convoy OA.207. Six crew were lost on
TITAN, and the survivors rescued by Canadian destroyer
ST LAURENT and corvette GODETIA.
ON CONVOY FS.271
motor torpedo boats of the 1st Flotilla launched a
highly successful attack on FS.271 northeast of Great
Yarmouth in 52‑50N, 02‑09E.
sank steamers CORBROOK (1729grt) and NEW
LAMBTON (2709grt). CORBROOK went down 30 miles
east of Cromer and NEW LAMBTON in 52-50N, 2-07-30E (also
52-52N, 02.40E), but both crews were rescued.
sank steamer JOSEPH SWAN (1571grt) and the Dutch
NIEUWLAND (1075grt). Both ships were lost between
56 and 55A Buoy, JOSEPH SWAN with only one survivor and
NIEUWLAND with the loss of eight crew.
sank steamer FULHAM IV (1562grt) two miles north
of 55A Buoy, but here entire crew was rescued.
damaged steamer EWELL (1350grt).
SAUCY (Temporary Lt J. Cordery RNR) was mined and
sunk off Inchkeith in the Firth of Forth.
Temporary S/Lt F. D. Phillips RNR, Temporary S/Lt D. L.
Thomas RNR, Temporary S/Lt (E) W. H. Anderson RNR,
Temporary S/Lt (E) F. W. Jones, and twenty three ratings
steamer JAAK (1351grt) was damaged by German bombing off
Royal Pier, Southampton.
DESTROYERS FOR British BASES DEAL
first US destroyers for transfer to the Royal Navy,
destroyers AARON WARD (DD.132), HALE (DD.133), and ABEL
P UPSHUR (DD.193) departed Boston for Halifax.
1 September, American destroyer depot ship DENEBOLA
(AD.12) had departed Norfolk, Virginia, and arrived at
Halifax on the 6th to act as a depot ship for the
destroyers. She remained at Halifax in this role until
returning to Norfolk on 3 November.
6 September, all eight destroyers of Destroyer Divisions
65 and 67 had arrived at Halifax.
British crews for these destroyers arrived at Halifax on
troopship DUCHESS OF RICHMOND (20,022grt).
HG.43 departed Gibraltar with 21 ships escorted by sloop
WELLINGTON and as far as Lisbon, by destroyers WISHART
experienced defects and returned to Gibraltar, being
replaced by destroyer VIDETTE which sailed from
Gibraltar on the 5th with troopship ROYAL SCOTSMAN
(3244grt) to join the convoy.
escorted the convoy from the 4th to 18th. It was joined
in Home Waters by destroyer WARWICK with corvettes
COREOPSIS and CLEMATIS from the 14th to 18th, and by
destroyer WESTCOTT and sloop ROCHESTER on the 18th. The
convoy arrived at Liverpool that same day.
VELOX departed Gibraltar escorting steamers BARON VERNON
and FIDRA to within ten miles of Melilla, when they
carried on to load iron ore. On the 8th, destroyer
HOTSPUR escorted FIDRA back to Gibraltar.
TUNA fired five torpedoes in two attacks at 0301 at a
German submarine 65 miles 077° from May Island in
56-26N, 0-43W, and was attacked herself. Destroyers
JACKAL and VORTIGERN were sent to investigate.
VERSATILE and VIMY departed the Clyde at 2000 as
additional escort for convoy BAS.3, four ships for
Reykavik. They left the convoy during the afternoon of
the 8th and returned to Scapa Flow.
cruisers AURORA, GALATEA, and CARDIFF departed Humber
for Sheerness and were joined at sea off the Humber
Light Vessel by destroyers WILD SWAN and WIVERN.
ships arrived at Sheerness on the 6th.
SOUTHERN PRINCE, MENESTHEUS, and PORT QUEBEC laid mines
south of the Faroes, escorted by destroyers ZULU, SIKH,
KIPLING, and KASHMIR, and given anti-aircraft protection
by anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO.
vessel GLEANER experienced boiler defects requiring
FN.273 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VEGA
and VIMIERA and patrol sloop SHELDRAKE. The convoy
arrived in the Tyne on the 7th.
MT.161 departed Methil. The convoy arrived in the Tyne
later that day.
FS.273 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VANITY
and WOLSEY. The convoy arrived at Southend on the 7th.
MELBOURNE STAR (12,806grt) was damaged by German bombing
steamer AEGEON (5285grt) was damaged by German bombing
30 miles southwest of Holyhead.
OG.42 with 51 ships departed Liverpool escorted by
destroyers ANTELOPE and AMAZON from 5 to 8 September,
and destroyers SABRE and MACKAY with corvette GERANIUM
from 5 to 7 September. Sloop LEITH escorted the convoy
from 5 to 16 September when it arrived at Gibraltar.
torpedo boats T.5, T.6, T.7, and T.8 of the 2nd Torpedo
Boat Flotilla laid minefield WALTER in the Straits of
in operations in the Atlantic lost a crewman overboard.
auxiliary patrol boat Vp.403 (trawler
DEUTSCHLAND: 432grt) was sunk on a mine off
auxiliary patrol boat Vp.201 (trawler GEBRUDER
KAHLER:460grt) was sunk on a mine at Dunkirk Roads.
Torpedo Boat Division 12, torpedo boats ALTAIR,
ALDEBARAN, ANTARES, and ANDROMEDA (Seekrieg - ALTAIR,
ALCIONE, ARIEL and ARETUSA) laid mines off Valletta,
Malta. Thirty five more minelays were made in Maltese
waters by Italian naval units during the war and these
claimed destroyers JERSEY and SOUTHWOLD,
Polish destroyer KUJIWIAK, and submarine OLYMPUS.
light cruiser HOBART, escorting convoy BS.3 at 15‑25N,
41‑46E, was unsuccessfully attacked eight times by
Italian bombers. Italian
torpedo boats M
carrier ARGUS arrived at Takoradi with 30 Hurricanes to
be flown overland to Khartoum. They left ARGUS on the
cruiser DORSETSHIRE arrived at Durban for repairs.
cruiser NEPTUNE departed Durban on patrol to examine
anchorages in Southern Madagascar.
cruiser SHEFFIELD departed Gibraltar and arrived in the
Clyde on the 8th.
London flying boat of 200 Group force landed 100 miles
to the west of Cape Spartel. Destroyer FORESTER located
the aircraft, taking it in tow and returning to
HX.71 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyers
ASSINIBOINE and SAGUENAY at 1850. The ocean escort,
armed merchant cruiser RANPURA was met and ASSINIBOINE
detached at 2020 and SAGUENAY at 2000 the next day.
BHX.71 departed Bermuda on the 4th escorted by ocean
escort armed merchant cruiser RAJPUTANA. The convoy
rendezvoused with HX.71 on the 9th and the armed
merchant cruiser was detached.
FLEETWOOD and corvettes BLUEBELL and FLOXINIA joined on
the 16th, corvette GLADIOLUS on the 17th, and destroyer
WINCHELSEA on the 18th. The convoy arrived at Liverpool
on the 20th.
BS.4 departed Suez, escorted by sloops CLIVE and
GRIMSBY. The sloops were detached on the 8th when the
convoy was joined by light cruiser LEANDER,
anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE, destroyer KINGSTON, plus
sloops AUCKLAND and PARRAMATTA. The convoy dispersed on
armed merchant cruiser KOMET transitted the Bering
Straits into the Pacific Ocean after going across the
north of Russia.
GODETIA (Lt Cdr G. V. Legassick RNR), which had
been escorting convoy OA.207, was sunk in an accidental
collision with steamer MARSA (4405grt), a straggler from
convoy OA.209, three miles off Altacarry Head off
Northern Ireland in 55‑18N, 5‑57W.
Probationary Temporary Surgeon Lt A G. Bellamy MRCS,
LRCP RNVR, Acting S/Lt P. D. Hincks RCNVR, Acting S/Lt
F. S. Ker RCNVR, and eleven ratings were killed, and
eighteen ratings were missing with the corvette.
Leggasick, Probationary Temporary S/Lt D. M. Edwards DSC
RNR, and about fifteen ratings were rescued.
carrier FURIOUS, battleship NELSON, anti-aircraft
cruisers NAIAD and BONAVENTURE, and destroyers SOMALI,
TARTAR, BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, ASHANTI, ESKIMO, and MATABELE
departed Scapa Flow at 0900 on Operation DF to raid
shipping off Trondheim.
0500/7th in 62‑00N, 00‑50E, FURIOUS flew off nine Skuas
of 801 Squadron and twelve Swordfish of 816 and 825
Squadrons. Two ships were sighted and one was reported
sunk between Sognefjord and Grip Light, but no
confirmation exists for this claim.
aircraft returned directly to Hatston, and the force
arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2000/7th.
JACKAL and JAGUAR departed Rosyth at 1800 escorting
submarine depot ship FORTH and submarine TUNA to the
Clyde, and safely arrived at 0600/9th.
OA.210 departed Methil escorted by escort ship JASON.
FN.274 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers
VALOROUS, WESTMINSTER and patrol sloop PUFFIN, and
arrived in the Tyne on the 8th. There were no convoys
FN.275 and FN.276.
MT.162 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
that day. There was no convoy MT.163.
FS.274 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VERDUN
and WALLACE, and arrived at Southend on the 7th. There
was no convoy FS.275.
TRIBUNE, returning from patrol west of the Hebrides,
attacked a German submarine in 57‑58N, 08‑13W off the
Butt of Lewis.
heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA departed the Clyde for Freetown
to replace light cruiser FIJI in the MENACE operation.
On 8 September, U.56 unsuccessfully attacked AUSTRALIA,
which arrived at Freetown on the 14th.
German air attacks on convoy SL.44A, 15 miles east of
Aberdeen, steamer ST GLEN (4647grt) was sunk in
57‑25N, 01‑38W. Three crew were lost, and sloop SANDWICH
rescued the survivors. Steamer GANNET (1336grt) was
damaged in 57‑25N, 01‑45W and towed to Peterhead.
IWATE (314grt) was damaged by German bombing in 53‑30N,
ILFRACOMBE (165grt) was damaged by German bombing in
SC.2, which had departed St Johns on 25 August, was
escorted by Canadian destroyer SKEENA, destroyer
WESTCOTT, sloops LOWESTOFT, SCARBOROUGH, corvette
PERIWINKLE, plus anti-submarine trawlers ST APOLLO
(580grt) and BERKSHIRE (466grt) when it was attacked by
U.65. U.47 arrived that night, followed on the 9th by
U.28 and U.99, which made attacks. In all five merchant
ships were sunk.
minelayers TOGO, KAISER and torpedo boats GREIF, FALKE,
ILTIS, and JAGUAR of the 5th Flotilla, escorted by
torpedo boats T.1, T.2, and T.3 of the 1st Torpedo Boat
Flotilla, laid minefield SW 0 in the southwest North
Sea. Escort was provided by destroyer GALSTER and
torpedo boat KONDOR, and the force arrived at Rotterdam
on the 8th.
H units, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, battleships BARHAM
and RESOLUTION, with destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT,
FORESTER, FORTUNE, FURY, GREYHOUND, ECLIPSE, ESCAPADE,
and INGLEFIELD, departed Gibraltar on MENACE. Destroyer
ECHO with defects was able to depart the next day and
joined the force at sea.
Italian reaction to this sortie, which was viewed as an
incursion into the Mediterranean was the sortie of
battleships VENETO, LITTORIO, CESARE, and DUILO, with
six heavy cruisers, and eighteen destroyers.
H joined the MENACE "MP" convoy at sea on the 13th. In
addition, Heavy cruisers DEVONSHIRE, with the convoy,
and heavy cruiser CUMBERLAND, which joined at sea,
travelled in company with Force H and the convoy.
TRIAD and TRUANT arrived from Home Waters at Gibraltar
escorted by destroyer WRESTLER, which departed Gibraltar
on the 5th to join, for duty with the 8th Submarine
Flotilla to operate from Gibraltar.
cruiser DELHI arrived off Pointe Noire, French Congo,
but two of the three Vichy steamers there had departed
prior to her arrival.
French steamer JEAN LABORDE (11,591grt) departed during
the night of 5/6 September and arrived at Dakar on the
8th. Steamer TOUREG (5135grt) departed on the 5th and
was later intercepted by light cruiser DELHI on the
16th. Steamer CAP PADARAN (8009grt) departed on the 9th
for Dakar, via Tabu, but was forced to put into Conakry
on the 23rd to avoid contact with British forces.
cruiser HAWKINS departed Montevideo on patrol and
arrived back later that day.
cruiser CUMBERLAND arrived at Freetown.
cruiser LEANDER, escorting convoy BN.4 with Sloop
AUCKLAND, was unsuccessfully attacked by Italian bombers
north of Jebal at Tair. Two Italian aircraft were shot
Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES departed Auckland with
staff officers of the New Zealand Government for
government conferences in Tahiti, arriving on the 10th.
She departed on the 15th for further talks at Raratonga,
arrived on the 17th and returned to Auckland on the
submarine GUGLIELMOTTI sank Greek tanker ATLAS
(4008grt), a straggler from convoy BN.4, at 15‑10N,
41‑50E, 14 miles north of Jebel Tier. The crew was
landed at Aden.
0048, cruisers and destroyers at Scapa Flow were brought
to one hour's notice. The destroyers were kept at one
half hour's notice during dark hours.
REPULSE, heavy cruisers NORFOLK and BERWICK, with
destroyers ZULU, SIKH, KASHMIR, and KIPLING departed
Scapa Flow at 1300 to sweep off the east coast of
Iceland. They arrived back after an uneventful patrol at
DUNCAN and MAORI escorting submarine depot ship TITANIA
departed Lough Foyle at 1030 for Rosyth.
DOUGLAS departed Portsmouth at 1900 to join the 12th
Destroyer Flotilla operating at Scapa Flow. She arrived
at 1730/9th, but was found to have faulty boiler tubes
and secured alongside depot ship GREENWICH for repairs.
ATHERSTONE, BEAGLE, BULLDOG, and SALADIN at sea on
patrol were ordered to attack German motor torpedo boats
off Calais. They were ordered to be west of Dungeness by
dawn and no contact was made.
trawler ABRONIA (Temporary Skipper H. Kerrison
RNR) foundered in the Thames. Five ratings were lost.
trawler NIENDORF (257grt) was sunk on a mine off
Calais. (Seekrieg -
in attacks on convoy SC.2 sank British steamers NEPTUNIAN
(5155grt) in 58‑27N, 17‑17W, JOSE DE LARRINGA
(5303grt) and the Norwegian GRO (4211grt) in
58‑30N, 16‑10W. One British naval rating was lost in
NEPTUNIAN, and eleven crew were missing from GRO.
BURDWAN rescued twenty
SALACON (211grt) was sunk on a mine 5.3 miles
114° from Spurn Light House. Eight crew were lost.
German Luftwaffe launched heavy air attacks on the Port
of London, with 300 aircraft dropping 337 tons of bombs.
Tug BECKTON (45grt) was sunk at the Beckton Gas
Works, London River, but there were no casualties. Many
ships were damaged - British steamers BARONESA
(8663grt), GOTHLAND (1286grt), BENNEVIS (5264grt),
UMGENI (8180grt), GLENSTRAE (9460grt), KNITSLEY
(2272grt), UMTALI (8162grt, attacked again on the 11th),
INANDA (5985grt, attacked again on the 8th and 9th),
INKOSI (6618grt, attacked again on 8th and 9th),
FRUMENTON (6675grt, attacked again on 8th and 9th),
HETTON (2714grt), EASTWOOD (1551grt), WILLIAM CASH
(1186grt), and OTAIO (10,298grt), Dutch steamers PRINS
FREDERIK HENDRIK (1288grt), SCHIE (1967grt), ABBEKERK
(7906grt), MOENA (9286grt), ANTJE (157grt), REIGER
(155grt), and PRINS MAURITS (1287grt), Belgian steamer
SAMBRE (683grt, attacked again on the 11th), and
Estonian steamers LAKE HALLWIL (3165grt) and ELNA
INANDA at the Albert Docks was outfitting as an ocean
boarding vessel, but because of the damage, conversion
motor torpedo boat S.33 in attacks on convoy FS.273 sank
Dutch steamer STAD ALKMAAR (5750grt) in 52‑25N,
02‑02E east of Lowestoft, but the entire crew was
rescued. S.36 also participated in the attack.
yacht RHODORA (687grt) was sunk in an accidental
collision with steamer NGATIRA (525grt) off Cardiff in
the Bristol Channel.
cruiser COVENTRY departed Alexandria and proceeded to
Port Tewfik in the Red Sea. She sailed at once with
destroyers KANDAHAR and KIMBERLEY to escort convoy BS.4
to Aden arriving on the 12th.
cruiser CUMBERLAND departed Freetown to intercept
reported German steamer OSTMARK, supposedly en route to
8 September, the heavy cruiser reported Vichy French
light cruiser PRIMAUGUET, two destroyers, and an oiler
in 18-27N, 17-40W on a course of 180°. The light
cruiser, sloops LA SURPRISE and GAZELLE, and oiler TARN
had departed Casablanca on the 4th and arrived at Dakar
on the 9th.
the night of 8/9 September, light cruiser GALATEA with
destroyers CAMPBELL, GARTH, and VESPER plus light
cruiser AURORA with destroyers HAMBLEDON, HOLDERNESS,
and VENETIA were to shell German shipping concentrations
off Calais and Boulogne. From 0225 to 0245, British
Anson aircraft dropped flares over both ports. No
shipping was found in Calais Roads, and GALATEA did not
conduct a bombardment. However, AURORA did bombarded the
Boulogne harbour area.
Destroyers ATHERSTONE, BERKELEY, BULLDOG, BEAGLE, and
FERNIE swept along the French coast in a broad sweep
from Le Tonquet to the southwest up to five miles north
of Cape Antifer. The cruisers arrived back at Sheerness
on the 9th. On her return, GALATEA struck a mine at 0525
off Sheerness and repaired at Chatham until 8 January
merchant cruiser CHITRAL was at sea escorted by
destroyers AMAZON and ANTELOPE in the Western
Approaches. The two destroyers were detached for
anti-submarine operations, and replaced by Canadian
OA.211 departed Methil escorted by sloop WESTON and
OB.210 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer SKATE
with corvettes ANEMONE and ARABIS. Destroyer SHIKARI
joined on the 9th. The escort was detached on the 10th.
torpedo boats MTB.15 and MTB.17 attacked and reported
sinking a German ammunition ship and damaging a cargo
vessel off Ostend. MTB.14 was also in the attack.
J. C. Carpenter, flying a Hurricane of RAF 46 Squadron
from Stapleford Tawney, was killed when his aircraft was
shot down near Sheerness.
submarine FAA DI BRUNO made an unsuccessful attack on a
tanker in 37N, 21W.
continued German air attacks on the Port of London,
British steamers TYNEMOUTH (3168grt) and SHERWOOD
(1530grt), Belgian tanker PRESIDENT FRANQUI (4919grt)
and steamer ANNA (695grt), and Dutch steamer THEA
(273grt) were damaged.
German air attacks, sloop STORK was torpedoed at anchor
in Methil Roads. Her stern was wrecked and she was badly
damaged. Gunner R. Motts was wounded. STORK repaired at
Grangemouth, completing on 16 March 1941. Dutch steamer
STAD VLAARDINGEN (8501grt) was damaged by German
bombing, also in Methil Roads. She was taken in tow by
Norwegian destroyer SLEIPNER, but was then in a
collision with Dutch steamer ALGORAB (4938grt).
an air raid on Malta, submarine OLYMPUS in dock suffered
cruiser CORNWALL departed Simonstown for Freetown,
arriving on the 15th.
armed merchant cruiser Schiff 21/WIDDER captured Greek
collier ANTONIOS CHANDRIS (5866grt) in the
Central Atlantic in 11‑25N, 34‑10W. Twenty two crew were
landed at Rio de Janeiro, and ten at Buenos Aires.
BEDOUIN was docked at Scapa Flow for repairs to her
asdic directing gear. She was the first destroyer to use
the newly constructed dock, Admiralty Floating Dock,
AFD.12 which had arrived on 26 August. On docking,
further defects were found, and damage to her rudder was
JAGUAR departed Greenock for Scapa Flow where she
arrived at 0850/10th.
VANOC and VISCOUNT were in a collision at Plymouth.
VANOC received temporary repairs at Devonport,
completing on the 10th, and later received permanent
repairs at Portsmouth from 18 to 25 November. VISCOUNT
was repaired in one week.
OA.212 departed Methil escorted by anti-aircraft cruiser
CAIRO until the 11th, and by sloop ROCHESTER and
FN.277A departed Southend, escorted by destroyer VIVIEN,
sloop LONDONDERRY, and patrol sloop GUILLEMOT, and
arrived in the Tyne on the 11th.
FN.277B departed Southend, escorted by destroyers
VANITY, WOLSEY plus patrol sloops MALLARD, SHEARWATER,
and WIDGEON, and arrived in the Tyne on the 11th.
MT.164 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
FS.276 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer VERDUN
and sloop BLACK SWAN, and arrived at Southend on the
aircraft of the 801 Squadron from Hatston attacked
German shipping in the Bergen area. One Skua was lost on
its return and the crew, Petty Officer H. C. Kimber and
Petty Officer Airman A G. Clayton, were killed. The raid
was repeated on the 13th, when two Skuas were shot down.
Petty Officer E. G. R. Harwin and Naval Airman J. R.
Maunder from one aircraft were killed, and Lt T. E. Gray
and Lt J. C. W. Iliffe from the other were captured.
L. A de Sandoval Sievier, in a Battle of RAF Squadron
103 from Newton, was killed when his aircraft was shot
down over Calais. The two RAF crew were killed.
MINNIE DE LARRINGA (5049grt) was sunk by German
bombing in the Port of London, but without casualties.
She was later salved and sunk as a blockship at Dover on
5 February 1941.
RYAL (367grt) was damaged, also in the Port of London.
JOHN BAPTISH (290grt) was sunk on a British
defensive minefield south of Coningbeg Light Vessel.
trawler DERVISH (346grt) was sunk on an aerial
mine laid by aircraft of German IX Air Division, 2.6
miles 156° from the Humber Light Vessel. Four crew were
lost, and eleven rescued.
HARVEST MOON (72grt) and drifter ALFRED
COLEBROOK (56grt) were sunk as blockships in
destroyers LODY, GALSTER, RIEDEL, ECKHOLDT, and IHN
departed Wilhelmshaven for Cherbourg, arriving on the
11th, and escorting minelayers Schiff 23 (steamer
CAIRO:4778grt), TANNENBERG, COBRA, TOGO, and SCHWERIN.
sank steamer MARDINIAN (2934grt) from convoy
SC.2 in 56‑37N, 09W, with six crew missing. Trawler
rescued 21 MARDINIAN survivors and
sank Greek steamer POSSIDON (3840grt) from
convoy SC.2 in 56‑43N, 09‑16W. Seven crew were killed,
and ten survivors rescued by destroyer ARROW on the
submarine FAA DI BRUNO torpedoed
in 36N, 22W.
first eight US destroyers, US Destroyer Divisions 65 and
67, were transferred to the Royal Navy at Halifax.
I W T Beloe
USS AARON WARD
F H.E Skyrme Rtd
Cdr M W Tomkinson
Cdr R D.H.S Pankhurst
USS ABEL P
CdrC Gwinner (emgcy)
Cdr G EC Wood, Lt Cdr E Gleave RNR, before
sailing to England
G R Cousins DSC
Cdr P G Merriman
HX.72 departed Halifax escorted by Canadian destroyer
SAGUENAY plus auxiliary patrol vessels FRENCH, LAURIER,
1815, patrol vessel FRENCH departed the convoy.
1200/10th, steamer TUDOR PRINCE (7199grt) joined the
destroyer SAGUENAY left the convoy to ocean escort,
armed merchant cruiser JERVIS BAY at 1750/10th, which
herself detached on the 20th.
BHX.72 departed Bermuda on the 8th escorted by ocean
escort, armed merchant cruiser VOLTAIRE. The convoy
rendezvoused with HX.72 on the 13th and the armed
merchant cruiser was detached.
21 September, destroyers SCIMITAR, SHIKARI, SKATE, sloop
LOWESTOFT, with corvettes CALENDULA, HEARTSEASE, and LA
MALOUINE joined the convoy, which was then dispersed on
on the 8th and into early 9th, German torpedo boats T.5,
T.6, T.7, and T.8 of the 2nd Torpedo Boat Flotilla laid
minefield HANNELORE in the southwest North Sea.
Force Y (Contre Amiral C. J. L. Bourrague), composed of
light cruisers GEORGES LEYGUES (CV A G. Lemonnier),
MONTCALM (CV M. H. M. Ferriere), GLOIRE (CV J. P. L.
Broussignac) and large destroyers FANTASQUE (CV P. A B
Still), MALIN (C. F. E. J. M. L. Deprez), and AUDACIEUX
(C. F. E. Derrien) departed Toulon for Dakar.
HOTSPUR, GRIFFIN, and ENCOUNTER departed Gibraltar on
the 9th for an anti-submarine sweep between Gibraltar
and Alboran Island.
cruiser DRAGON departed Simonstown for Lagos.
cruiser DELHI departed Pointe Noire.
BRIDGEWATER arrived at Freetown from Lagos.
armed merchant cruiser Schiff 16/ATLANTIS sank tanker ATHELKING
(9557grt) at 21‑52S, 67‑20E. Four crew were killed and
36 made prisoners of war. The East Indies Station at
Colombo received ATHELKING's raider report and
dispatched light cruisers NEPTUNE, CAPETOWN and armed
merchant cruisers ARAWA and WESTRALIA, none of which
made contact with the German ship.
Admiral H. M. Burrough CB, Cruiser Squadron 10, hoisted
his flag on light cruiser NIGERIA at Scapa Flow.
AP.3, consisting of British steamers BRITANNIC
(26943grt, Commodore of convoy Rear Admiral K. E. L.
Creighton, MVO Rtd), ATHLONE CASTLE (25564grt), BRISBANE
STAR (11076grt), IMPERIAL STAR (10733grt), DURBAN CASTLE
(17388grt), ULSTER PRINCE (3791grt), DOMINION MONARCH
(27155grt), and GLAUCUS (7586grt), carrying 6050 troops,
and steamers CLAN MACARTHUR (10528grt) and CLAN CAMPBELL
(7255grt) departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers
HAVELOCK, HIGHLANDER, HARVESTER, HURRICANE, WOLVERINE,
and VOLUNTEER from 10 to 12 September. Light cruiser
SHEFFIELD and two destroyers departed Greenock on the
10th and joined the convoy at Lough Foyle on the 11th.
was ordered back to Greenock on the 11th, and the
destroyers detached after passing the northwest
ocean escort was mainly armed merchant cruisers - WOLFE
and CILICIA from 13th to 23rd, when the convoy arrived
at Freetown, and CANTON and CARNARVON CASTLE from 25
September to 4 October. The convoy arrived at Capetown
on 4 October and sailed on the 6th. CANTON escorted from
6th to 9th, CARTHAGE from 9th to 15th, and heavy cruiser
SHROPSHIRE from 15th to 20th.
AP.3 was joined by light cruiser CARLISLE, destroyers
KINGSTON, KANDAHAR, and sloop FLAMINGO, and arrived
safely at Suez on 22 October. The arrival of AP.3
concluded operation APOLOGY.
DUNCAN and MAORI departed Rosyth at 0815 to search for
an aircraft down in the sea, and at 1041, were ordered
to the Tyne.
MALCOLM, VETERAN, and WILD SWAN departed Harwich late on
the 10th. Early on the 11 October, they struck at a
German coastal convoy off Ostend.
BULLDOG, BERKELEY, and BEAGLE departed Portsmouth and
joined destroyers HAVELOCK (SO), HIGHLANDER, HARVESTER
and HURRICANE. The destroyers were to intercept twelve
enemy merchant ships escorted by thirty S-boats reported
at 1605, 15 miles 315° from Dieppe. At 1630, the report
was amplified to include the presence of five destroyers
in the area. If no contact was made with the German
force, the destroyers were to sweep northeast towards Le
OB.211 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer
VANQUISHER plus corvettes ERICA and MALLOW, which
detached on the 12th.
MT.165 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne later
FS.277 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VEGA
and VORTIGERN, and arrived at Southend on the 11th.
STURGEON attacked U.43 forty miles southwest of the Naze
in 57‑14N, 06‑04E.
steamer ELI (4332grt) was sunk by German bombing
12 miles 144° from Skerryvore Light House. Her naval
gunner was lost.
SC.4 departed Sydney, CB at 1000 escorted locally by
Canadian armed yachts HUSKY, LYNX and ocean sloop
DEPTFORD, which detached on the 12th. Destroyers ACTIVE,
KEPPEL, VANQUISHER, sloop LOWESTOFT, plus corvettes
ARABIS, CAMELLIA, FLEUR DE LYS and HEARTSEASE joined the
convoy on the 23rd and escorted it to its arrival at
Liverpool on the 26th.
SHX.72 departed Sydney, CB escorted by Canadian
auxiliary patrol vessel LAURIER and armed yacht
JUNO and JANUS departed Alexandria for Port Said for
escort duties with convoy AN.3 which sailed on the 11th.
Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and destroyer JERVIS
supported the convoy on the 14th, with JERVIS detaching
the same day, and CALCUTTA the next. When it was found
steamer EASTLEA could only make six knots, she was
detached to Alexandria while the destroyers continued
with steamers VASCO and PALERMO, which arrived on the
carrier ARGUS arrived at Freetown after delivering
aircraft to Takoradi.
BN.5 departed Bombay on the 10th escorted by armed
merchant cruisers ANTENOR and HECTOR until the 19th.
Light cruiser LEANDER and sloop INDUS were escorts from
Aden from 19th to 23rd, and sloops AUCKLAND and
PARRAMATTA from 19th to 22nd.
X.2 (former Italian submarine GALILEO GALILEI, captured
on 19 June) departed Aden with the convoy, but she
returned to Aden, escorted by netlayer PROTECTOR, after
a mechanical breakdown. Sloops GRIMSBY and SHOREHAM
escorted the convoy from Port Sudan on the 23rd until
its arrival at Suez on the 26th.
10 September, Vichy French armed merchant cruiser CAP
DES PALMES escorted by submarine PONCELET and sloop
BOUGAINVILLE, which departed Dakar on the 3rd, arrived
at Libreville with troops and supplies to augment the
armed merchant cruiser Schiff 16/ATLANTIS sank steamer BENARTY
(5800grt) in the Indian Ocean, 480 miles east of
Rodrigues in 18‑32S, 70‑07E. There were no casualties.
JACKAL and ELECTRA departed Greenock for Loch Alsh at
1530/9th, while destroyers VERSATILE and VIMY were
ordered to Loch Alsh on the 9th. The four ships then
departed Loch Alsh at 0730/11th with minelayers SOUTHERN
PRINCE, PORT NAPIER, PORT QUEBEC and MENESTHEUS on
minelaying operation SN 41. After its completion the
ships arrived back at Loch Alsh at 1300/12th, the
destroyers departed for Scapa Flow at 1945 and arrived
MATABELE, ASHANTI, TARTAR, and PUNJABI departed Scapa
Flow at 0600 for Rosyth.
DUNCAN and MAORI arrived in the Tyne at 1800/11th to
escort store carrier KYLE FISHER (520grt) to Rosyth.
They departed the Tyne at 1200/12th.
Destroyer SOMALI took over the escort at Rosyth, and
departed with KYLE FISHER at 1500/14th for Scapa Flow.
WOLVERINE, VANOC, SALADIN, and VOLUNTEER conducted a
BOARD sweep off the French coast during the night of
OB.212 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer WARWICK,
sloop ENCHANTRESS, and corvette COREOPSIS.
Anti-submarine trawler ARAB joined on the 12th and
minelayer SOUTHERN PRINCE on the 13th. ARAB and SOUTHERN
PRINCE detached on the 13th, WARWICK and COREOPSIS on
the 14th, and ENCHANTRESS on the 16th.
FN.278 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers WALLACE
and WOLFHOUND, and arrived in the Tyne on the 13th.
MT.166 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne on the
FS.278 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers
VIVACIOUS and WOOLSTON, and arrived at Southend on the
PORPOISE laid minefield FD.26, 48 mines along a 1.2 mile
line 205° from 46‑24‑48N, 01‑59‑45W.
ATHERSTONE and FERNIE were escorting convoy CW.11 when
attacked and bombed by German aircraft off Ramsgate.
ATHERSTONE was badly damaged near South Edinburgh Buoy,
with six ratings killed. FERNIE continued with the
convoy, while tug TURQUOISE towed ATHERSTONE to Chatham,
where her repairs were completed in early January.
CAMPBELL, GARTH, and VESPER patrolled off the Dutch
coast during the night of 11/12 September.
was bombed and shelled. MTB.71 was set afire and MTB.29
damaged. MTB.71 required four months to repair, but
MTB.29 was quickly returned to service.
a British attack on Calais, an Albacore of 826 Squadron
force landed after being damaged by German fighters. Lt
A S. Downes was slightly wounded, and together with S/Lt
C. R. Mallett, rescued by a MTB. Naval Airman J. A M.
Stevens was killed in the attack. In a second aircraft,
S/Lt T. Winstanley and S/Lt (A) J. D. Watson were
wounded, but got back, and in a third, S/Lt E. G. Brown
and Naval Airman R. E. Mathews were badly wounded, with
S/Lt A M. Tuke escaping unscathed.
in attacks on convoy OA.210 damaged British steamer
HARPENDEN (4678grt) and sank Dutch steamer MAAS
(1966grt) in 55‑34N, 15‑56W. There were only two
survivors from the Dutch ship, while HARPENDEN was
assisted by escort vessel JASON and towed to Greenock by
tug MAURADER. U.28 also attacked a tanker in the convoy
and claimed damage to her, but no confirmation is
sank steamer ALBONIC (2468grt) northwest of
Ireland. ALBONIC had departed Wabana, Newfoundland on 31
August and was later declared missing with the loss of
all hands. Most sources showed her as a victim to a
BEATHWOOD (209grt) was sunk by German bombing
one mile east of Montrose Coast Guard Lookout. Seven
crew were lost, and there were two survivors.
RESPONDO (209grt) was lost off Old Head of
Kinsale to unknown cause.
steamer NORMAN QUEEN (957grt) and the Swedish TORKEL
(1236grt) were damaged by German bombing in the Port of
ALEXIA (8016grt) was damaged by German bombing in
57‑26N, 02‑02E, and assisted by tug BUCCANEER.
steamer CORDOBA (4611grt) was sunk on a mine off Le
WITH VICHY FRENCH NAVY FORCE Y
0512, destroyer HOTSPUR, which was submarine hunting
with destroyers GRIFFIN, and ENCOUNTER, sighted French
cruiser Force Y.
Battlecruiser RENOWN (presumably in Gibraltar)
signalled the French commander and asked their
destination, adding that they would not be allowed to
enter a German port.
French replied that they were southbound. The British
commander ordered them into Casablanca and that if they
proceeded further they would be stopped. Soon after
this, HOTSPUR lost contact, and GRIFFIN was sent into
Gibraltar to refuel.
with destroyers GRIFFIN and VIDETTE departed Gibraltar
at 1600 to intercept French force Y.
Destroyer VELOX, which was refuelling when RENOWN
departed, sailed when refuelling was completed and
joined her at sea.
0800/12th, destroyers HOTSPUR, ENCOUNTER, and WISHART,
which after refuelling had sailed at 2100/11th from
Gibraltar, joined the RENOWN force.
that time, destroyer WRESTLER was at Gibraltar,
destroyers GALLANT, GARLAND and FIREDRAKE were under
repairs there, and the remainding Gibraltar destroyers
were employed on Operation MENACE.
TRIAD departed Gibraltar on the 11th for patrol, as did
submarine TRUANT on the 12th for patrol off Gibraltar.
Force Y put into Casablanca but the light cruisers left
the following morning at 0400. The large French
destroyers later departed on the 16th for Dakar arriving
on the 19th.
off Casablanca sighted and fired upon French large
destroyer MILAN at 0405, but no damage was done and the
French ship retired under smoke towards Casablanca.
submarine AMPHITRITE sighted VIDETTE but did not attack
her. Submarines AMAZONE and SYBILLE, also on patrol off
Casablanca, made no contact with the British ships.
cruiser COVENTRY joined convoy BS.4 which was being
bombed in the Red Sea, and remained in company until the
13th off Massawa.
SL.47 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser CARNARVON CASTLE until the 26th, when destroyers
HARVESTER, HIGHLANDER, HURRICANE, armed merchant cruiser
MOOLTAN, sloop FOWEY, plus corvettes ANEMONE, MALLOW,
and PEONY joined. Sloop WESTON joined on the 27th, with
destroyer SABRE only joining the escort for the 28th. On
that date, all the escorts except MOOLTAN and WESTON
were detached, and they left on the 30th, when
anti-aircraft ship CURACOA and corvette PRIMROSE joined.
The convoy arrived on 1 October.
MALCOLM, WILD SWAN, and VENOMOUS departed Harwich to
patrol off Boulogne, then sweep towards Cape Griz Nez.
LG.1 departed Liverpool with steamers DUCHESS OF ATHOLL
(20,119grt), ROSLIN CASTLE 7016grt), ORBITA (15,495grt),
and MARTIN BAKKE (5484grt), escorted by destroyers
OTTAWA, SKEENA, and ARROW. The convoy arrived at
Gibraltar on the 20th.
OA.213 departed Methil escorted by destroyer ST LAURENT,
sloop FLEETWOOD, and corvette BLUEBELL from the 12th to
16th. Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO was with the convoy on
the 12th and anti-submarine trawler COVENTRY CITY on the
MT.167 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne the next
FS.279 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers
VALOROUS and WESTMINSTER. Patrol sloop SHEARWATER joined
on the 13th, and the convoy arrived at Southend on the
SALVAGE KING (1164grt) was lost by grounding one
and a half miles west of Duncansby Head.
Destroyer EGLINTON departed Scapa Flow at 0600 to stand
by her, but salvage was abandoned by the Fleet tugs and
the destroyer arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2200.
GOTHIC (2444grt) was sunk on a aerial mine laid
by German IX Air Division aircraft, 7500 yards 130° from
Spurn Point. Two crew, including a naval rating, were
killed and ten missing.
store carrier GLENROY (9809grt) and troopship HIGHLAND
PRINCESS (14,133grt) were damaged by German bombing at
TINTERN ABBEY (2471grt) was damaged by German bombing
six miles 270° from Chicken Rock, Isle of Man.
steamer BORKUM had been captured by British forces and
sunk in a German attack in November 1939. She salved and
brought to Kirkwall, leaving there on the 12th.
1620, battlecruiser RENOWN aircraft reported that there
were no French cruisers in Casablanca and later sighted
French Force Y steaming south towards Dakar at high
Aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL and heavy cruisers
DEVONSHIRE, AUSTRALIA, and CUMBERLAND approaching
Freetown, were ordered to intercept the French force.
Reaching their positions on the afternoon of 14
September, the French had already arrived at Dakar. The
British ships returned to Freetown on the 17th.
cruiser CALCUTTA departed Alexandria to escort convoy
AN.3 north through the Kaso Strait, and on the 13th, the
convoy was attacked by Italian bombers. Heavy cruiser
KENT, light cruisers GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, plus
destroyers HERO, HASTY, JERVIS and HEREWARD left
Alexandria on the 13th to provide anti-aircraft support.
HERO and HASTY were detached and arrived back at
Alexandria on the 14th, and after delivering the convoy,
CALCUTTA and destroyers JUNO and JANUS proceeded to
Alexandria, arriving there on the 16th. The KENT support
group was detached to support the air attack on
cruiser CUMBERLAND arrived at Freetown from patrol.
BS.4B departed Suez, was joined on the 14th by light
cruiser HOBART and destroyer KANDAHAR, and arrived at
Aden on the 16th.
armed merchant cruiser PINGUIN sank steamer BENAVON
(5872grt) at 25‑20S, 52‑17E in the Indian Ocean. Twenty
three crew and the naval gunner were lost, and 25 crew
made prisoners of war.
NELSON, battlecruiser HOOD, anti-aircraft cruisers
NAIAD, BONAVENTURE, with destroyers KASHMIR, KIPLING,
ZULU, SIKH, SOMALI (D.6), and ESKIMO were ordered from
Scapa Flow at 0700 to Rosyth for anti-invasion duties.
They left on the 13th and were joined at sea by
destroyers JACKAL and ELECTRA, after refuelling at Scapa
Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO joined off Noss Head, and
the force arrived at Rosyth that same day.
force joined battleship RODNEY, which had arrived at
Rosyth on 25 August, the same day destroyers COSSACK and
MAORI reached there from other duties.
Destroyers MATABELE, ASHANTI, TARTAR, and PUNJABI
arrived on 11 September. Meanwhile destroyer BEDOUIN
undocked from the Scapa Flow floating dock at 1600/15th
and proceeded to Rosyth at 1945 on the 15th. On the
16th, CAIRO returned to Scapa Flow for convoy
anti-aircraft protection duties.
cruiser CURACOA arrived at Scapa Flow to work up.
AMAZON and troopship ULSTER MONARCH (3244grt) departed
the Clyde for Iceland, with AMAZON arriving back on the
following destroyers were engaged in anti-invasion
operations - CAMPBELL, GARTH, and VESPER at sea during
the 13th/14th to bombard Ostend, but cancelled due to
bad weather, BROKE, WITHERINGTON, VANSITTART, and the
Polish BURZA and BLYSKAWICA swept the French coast
westward from Roches Douvres, HIGHLANDER, HARVESTER,
BULLDOG, and BEAGLE swept from Cherbourg to Le Havre,
and MALCOLM, WILD SWAN and VENOMOUS from Boulogne to
Cape Griz Nez. Off Boulogne, the latter force engaged
German trawlers from 0115 to 0135, but the action was
broken off when they came under shore gunfire.
OB.213 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyer
WINCHELSEA plus corvettes GLADIOLUS and GLOXINIA.
FN.279 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VEGA,
VERDUN, VORTIGERN, sloop BLACK SWAN, plus patrol sloops
GUILLEMOT and MALLARD, and arrived in the Tyne on the
MT.168 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne the next
FS.280 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyer
WINCHESTER and sloop EGRET, and arrived at Southend on
PORPOISE laid minefield FD.26 with 48 mines off Ile
d'Yeu, north of La Rochelle.
torpedo boats T.1, T.2, and T.3 departed Rotterdam on
the 12th. Off the Scheldt on the afternoon of the 13th,
they were attacked by an RAF Blenheim which near missed
T.2, damaging her with splinters, both underwater and on
the bridge. She proceeded to Vlissingen, was temporarily
repaired at the Wilton yard, and continued on to
Wilhelmshaven, arriving on the 25th for repairs
completed in May 1941. The other two arrived at Le Havre
on the 15th.
INISHTRAHULL (869grt) was damaged by German bombing in
auxiliary minesweeper M.1306 (trawler HERMANN
KRONE: 449grt) was sunk on a mine off Hanstholm.
HX.73 departed Halifax at 1400 escorted by Canadian
destroyer ASSINIBOINE plus auxiliary patrol vessels
FRENCH, LAURIER, and REINDEER which later turned the
convoy over to ocean escort, armed merchant cruiser
ASCANIA on the 14th. The armed merchant cruiser was
detached on the 24th.
BHX.73 departed Bermuda on the 12th escorted by ocean
escort, armed merchant cruiser AUSONIA, and rendezvoused
with HX.73 on the 17th, when AUSONIA detached.
the 23rd, destroyers ANTELOPE and ANTHONY joined the
convoy, followed on the 24th by destroyer WALKER with
corvettes ANEMONE and MALLOW, and on the 25th by sloop
FOWEY and corvette PEONY. The sloop and corvettes
detached on the 26th, and anti-submarine trawler MAN O
WAR joined the convoy in Home Waters, which arrived at
Liverpool on the 28th.
HYPERION and DIAMOND departed Alexandria for Port Said
to escort convoy LW 16.
cruiser COVENTRY arrived at Aden and joined destroyer
KIMBERLEY. They departed the same day and joined
troopships ANDES, EMPRESS OF BRITAIN, and EMPRESS OF
CANADA of convoy WS.2A. COVENTRY remained with the
convoy until the 14th when it had passed Massawa, and
then proceeded to Port Sudan.
convoy BS.4, Australian sloop PARRAMATTA attacked a
submarine contact in the Red Sea. The convoy continued
with New Zealand light cruiser LEANDER, which returned
to Aden when the convoy was dispersed.
French steamers GINETTE LE BORGNE (1619grt) and
CASSIDAIGNE (1417grt) were sunk, and CAP TOURANE
(8009grt) damaged on mines west of Sardinia. They were
carrying demilitarized troops from North Africa to
cruiser CUMBERLAND departed Freetown for the UK, but
next day, was ordered for join Force M.
Admiral (Destroyers) Home Fleet transferred his flag to
battlecruiser REPULSE at 0800.
ESKIMO and MATABELE arrived at 1200/14th at Scapa Flow
escorting depot ship MAIDSTONE. They then departed at
1600 to search for a submarine reported by aircraft 20
miles north of Cape Wrath.
Destroyer EGLINTON departed Scapa Flow at 1630 to join
them. All three destroyers returned to Scapa Flow on the
15th without making contact.
REVENGE and light cruiser EMERALD departed the Clyde to
come under the command of Western Approaches. The ships
were escorted from the Clyde by destroyers MACKAY,
WESTCOTT, SCIMITAR and SKATE, and REVENGE arrived at
Plymouth on the 15th.
TEVIOTBANK departed Immingham to lay minefield ZMD (A)
in channels in the Faroes Islands. Escorted by
anti-submarine whalers WASTWATER, BUTTERMERE, and
THIRLMERE, she laid mines in Hestofjord, Dimonfjord and
Skuofjord, and then proceeded to Loch Alsh after the
minelay was completed.
OL.1 departed Liverpool, but no escorts were listed. The
convoy dispersed on the 19th. Convoy OL.2 did not sail.
OA.214 departed Methil escorted by sloop SANDWICH and
corvette GARDENIA from the 14th to 19th.
FN.280 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers
VIVACIOUS and WOOLSTON, and arrived in the Tyne on the
MT.169 departed Methil, and arrived in the Tyne the next
FS.281 departed the Tyne, escorted by destroyers VANITY,
VIMIERA, and WOLSEY, and arrived at Southend on the
anti-submarine trawler UJ.173 (trawler HINRICH
WESSELHOFT (510grt)) was lost by stranding at
submarine EMO sank steamer SAINT AGNES (5199grt)
from dispersed convoy SLS.46 in 41‑27N, 21‑50W, but the
entire crew was rescued.
SHX.73 departed Sydney, CB escorted by Canadian
auxiliary patrol vessel LAURIER and armed yacht
RENOWN and her destroyers arrived back at Gibraltar at
2014 for refuelling.
Destroyers VELOX and VIDETTE had been detached earlier
to refuel there.
Destroyer ENCOUNTER, which had been searching for a
London flying boat shot down by French fighters, arrived
at Gibraltar the next morning.
TRITON and TETRARCH arrived at Gibraltar from Home
Waters for duty with the 8th Submarine Flotilla,
escorted by destroyer WRESTLER, which departed to join
them on the 12th.
0730/14th, destroyers INGLEFIELD, ECHO, GREYHOUND,
FORTUNE, ESCAPADE, and ECLIPSE from aircraft carrier ARK
ROYAL's screen arrived at Freetown to refuel.
0900, destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT, FORESTER, and FURY
arrived at Freetown to refuel.
1215, convoy MP escorted by French sloops COMMANDANT
DOMINE and COMMANDANT DUBOC arrived at Freetown.
1230, battleships BARHAM and RESOLUTION arrived at
1350, INGLEFIELD, ECHO, FORTUNE, ESCAPADE, ECLIPSE, and
FURY departed Freetown. ECLIPSE had mechanical problems
and reported at 0015 on the 15th that she was returning
0515 on the 15th, FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT, and FORESTER and
at 0530, battleships BARHAM and RESOLUTION and
destroyers departed Freetown. These ships were recalled
to Freetown at 1621 on the 15th to refuel destroyers,
arriving at 2300 that night.
BRIDGEWATER departed Freetown on patrol, but was
recalled later in the day to return for anti-submarine
duties off Freetown.
destroyer GARLAND departed Gibraltar to return to
England. On the 15th, she made two attacks on submarine
contacts in 37-08N, 10-42W, arrrived at Belfast for
refuelling on the 18th, and reached Plymouth on the
BS.4A departed Suez, was joined on the 17th by sloop
SHOREHAM, and arrived at Port Sudan on the 18th.
BS.4C departed Port Sudan, was joined on the 15th by
heavy cruiser SHROPSHIRE, anti-aircraft cruiser
COVENTRY, destroyers KIMBERLEY and KINGSTON, plus sloop
FLAMINGO, and arrived at Aden on the 18th.