Background Events - June-November 1941
Russia, Malta Convoys, Japan prepares for war
Sunday, 1 June
Home Fleet Status at the first of June at Scapa Flow.
Battleship KING GEORGE V, light cruisers MANCHESTER and GALATEA, and seven destroyers.
Heavy cruiser SUFFOLK and light cruisers KENYA and AURORA were at sea sweeping for supply ships.
Battleship NELSON, light cruisers NEPTUNE and SHEFFIELD, and fourteen destroyers would be available to the
Home Fleet by 20 June.
Light cruiser EDINBURGH (CS.18) departed Scapa Flow on
patrol. She arrived in Iceland on the 3rd and after refuelling departed on the
4th to relieve light cruiser HERMIONE.
Light cruiser ARETHUSA departed the Denmark Strait patrol when relieved by light cruiser HERMIONE,
which departed Hvalfjord on 31 May, and arrived in Iceland. ARETHUSA departed Iceland for patrol in the Iceland-Faroes Channel.
Destroyers COSSACK, ZULU, MAORI, and SIKH departed
Scapa Flow for the
Clyde to escort
convoy WS.9A, and arrived in the Clyde on the 2nd.
Destroyers PUNJABI, ESKIMO, and ICARUS departed
Scapa Flow at 1500 for the Clyde to screen battleship RODNEY.
The destroyers arrived in the Clyde at 0730/2nd, joining destroyer TARTAR already there.
Minelayer TEVIOTBANK, escorted by destroyer
HOLDERNESS, laid minefield BS.63 off the east coast of England.
German heavy cruiser PRINZ EUGEN arrived at Brest.
U.105 sank steamer SCOTTISH MONARCH
(4719grt) at 12-58N, 27-20W. One crewman was lost.
U.204 sank Icelandic fishing trawler HOLMSTEINN
(16grt) with artillery NNW of Dyrafjorden.
U.107 sank steamer ALFRED JONES (5013grt)
at 8N, 15W. Two crewmen were lost.
Norwegian steamer FERNBANK (4333grt) was damaged by
German bombing off Peterhead, arrived at Aberdeen on the 1st, and later went on to
the Tyne for repairs.
Italian submarine MARCONI sank Portuguese fishing
trawler EXPORTADOR I (318grt) with artillery 137 miles southwest of Cape
St Vincent, 35-40N, 10-30W. Two crewmen were killed and twenty rescued.
Tanker PASS OF BALMAHA (758grt), escorted by sloop AUCKLAND and trawler SOUTHERN MAID, departed Alexandria for Tobruk, where whey arrived at 2330/3rd.
Then after unloading, and
escorted by AUCKLAND, departed Tobruk during the night of 4/5 June.
CLYDE sank Italian
steamer SAN MARCO (3076grt) five miles 90° from Capo Carbonara, southeast of Sardinia.A second torpedo
attack on another steamer on this date was unsuccessful.
TORBAY sank a caique,
carrying German troops and stores, in the Doro Channel with artillery.
Gibraltar for patrol in the Atlantic.
Convoy HX.130 departed Halifax, escorted by battleship RAMILLES, corvettes PICTOU
and RIMOUSKI, and auxiliary patrol vessel RAYON D’OR.
Convoy BHX.130 departed Bermuda on 30 May escorted by ocean escort armed merchant cruiser ALAUNIA.
The convoy rendezvoused with convoy HX.130/5th and the armed merchant cruiser
On the 4th, corvettes AGASSIZ, ALBERNI, and
WETASKIWIN joined. Destroyers BURNHAM and CHURCHILL joined on &
June.Battleship RAMILLIES was detached on the 9th and armed merchant cruiser
DERBYSHIRE joined on the 11th. The two destroyers were detached on 14 and 13
June, respectively. The three corvettes and the armed merchant cruiser were
detached on the 15th. Destroyers SARDONYX and WATCHMAN, corvettes HELIOTROPE,
PETUNA, VERBENA, and VIOLET, escort ships BANFF, CULVER, FISHGUARD, and
HARTLAND, and catapult ship ARIGUANI joined on the 15th. Destroyer WATCHMAN
and escort ship BANFF were detached on the 18th. Destroyer SARDONYX and
escort ships CULVER, FISHGUARD, and HARTLAND were detached on the
19th.Anti-submarine trawlers NOTHERN GEM and NORTHERN PRIDE escorted the convoy in Home
Waters. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the
Convoy SC.33 departed Sidney CB, escorted by armed
merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE, destroyer ST CROIX, and auxiliary patrol vessel RACCOON. The destroyer was detached on
the 3rd and the escort vessel on the 4th. On the 4th, corvettes AGASSIZ and
WETASKIWIN joined the convoy. Destroyer BURNHAM and corvette ALBERNI joined
on the 7th.Escort ship FISHGUARD joined on the 13th. Destroyer BURNHAM was
detached on the 14th and the armed merchant cruiser the next day. On the
15th, destroyer BULLDOG, corvettes AUBRETIA and CARNATION, escort ship
BANFF, minesweepers BRITOMART and SALAMANDER, catapult
ship ARIGUANI, and anti-submarine trawlersDANEMAN and ST APOLLO. The two
escort ships were detached on the 18th. Destroyer BULLDOG was detached on the
19th. The remainder of the escorts, less the two minesweepers were detached
on the 20th. The convoy, escorted by the two minesweepers, arrived at Liverpool on the 21st.
Light cruiser EMERALD departed Basra for Singapore.
Monday, 2 June
Light cruiser BIRMINGHAM departed
Scapa Flow for the
Clyde for escort of convoy WS.9A.
The light cruiser arrived in the Clyde on the 3rd.
Following this duty, the light cruiser proceeded
for duty in the South
Light cruiser NIGERIA undocked at Rosyth.
The light cruiser departed Rosyth on the 3rd for
Convoy OB.330 departed Liverpool, escorted by corvette ALISMA and anti-submarine
trawler NORTHERN DAWN. The convoy was joined on the 3rd by destroyers
LINCOLN, SABRE, and VENOMOUS, corvettes ARROWHEAD, KINGCUP, and SUNFLOWER,
catapult ship SPRINGBANK, and anti-submarine trawlers LADY ELSA and MAN O.WAR. The convoy was dispersed on the 7th.
Destroyer BEDOUIN arrived at Scapa Flow at 2230 after escorting steamer BEN MY CHREE to Cape Wrath from Iceland.
Minelayer PLOVER, escorted by patrol sloop
GUILLEMOT, laid minefield BS.57 off the east coast of England.
Minesweepers ELGIN, SUTTON, and ALBURY of the 4th Minesweeping
Flotilla accompanied the minelay.
Submarine P.32, on passage to Gibraltar, was damaged by German bombing off Finisterre.
Considerable damage was done to the batteries.
The submarine arrived at Gibraltar on the 3rd.
U.147 damaged Belgian steamer MOKAMBO (4996grt) in
The steamer arrived in the Clyde on the 4th in tow.
U.147 was sunk northwest of Ireland in 56-38N, 10-24W by destroyer WANDERER and
corvette PERIWINKLE, escoring convoy OB.329. The entire crew of twenty six
were lost in the submarine.
U.108 sank catapult aircraft merchantship MICHAEL E
(7628grt) in 58-50N, 29W. Two crewmen and two gunners were lost on the ship.
The fighter pilot, A/Sub Lt (A) M.A. Birrell, was among the survivors.
Coast guard cutter/escort ship HARTLAND, which had arrived at
Londonderry on 29 May from the US, was damaged in a collision with British steamer
WELSH COAST (646grt).
The escort ship sustained minor damage which was
repaired at Falmouth, during a scheduled refit from 8 June to 18 July.
Dutch submarine O.14 was damaged in a collision,
and repaired at Grangemouth from 8 June to 9 July.
British steamer BEAUMANOIR (2477grt) was badly
damaged by German bombing eight cables 180° from 19 Buoy, Robin Hood's Bay.
The steamer was taken in tow. The steamer was sunk
after a second air attack.
British steamer PRINCE
RUPERT CITY (4749grt) was sunk by German bombing in 58-46N,
4-41W. Four crewmen were lost on the steamer.
Belgian trawler JOHN (197grt) was sunk by German
bombing ninety miles south by east of Inglos Hofdi.
There were no casualties on the trawler.
British steamer THORPEBAY (2183grt) was damaged by
German bombing six miles off Coquet Lighthouse.
The steamer returned to the Tyne. The ship arrived at Scapa
Flow on the 17th in tow.
Finnish steamer KASTEHOLM (5417grt) was sunk by a
mine in 63-07N, 11-18W. One crewman was lost on the steamer. The rest of the
crew were landed at Thorshavn.
British trawler BEN SCREEL (195grt) was damaged by German bombing in
The trawler returned to the Tyne.
Naval whaler KOS XXII (353grt, Lt H.D. Foxon RNR) was sunk on passage from Crete.
CLYDE made an
unsuccessful torpedo attack on a small steamer off Terranova.
New Zealand light cruiser LEANDER arrived at Suez and arrived at Alexandria on the 5th for duty with the 7th Cruiser Squadron.
Tuesday, 3 June
Battleship RODNEY, escorted by destroyers TARTAR, PUNJABI,
ESKIMO, and ICARUS, departed the Clyde at 2200 for
refitting in the U.S.
Also sailing in company was British liner WINDSOR
The battleship arrived at Boston on the 13th.
Destroyers ELECTRA, IMPULSIVE, and ANTELOPE departed
Scapa Flow at 0200 to Londonderry to refuel prior to joining the escort of arriving
The destroyers arrived at 1330 and departed at 1900
to meet the battleship in 49N, 23W.
On the 4th, destroyer ELECTRA damaged her ASDIC
dome to hitting a whale. Destroyer ICARUS was ordered to leave battleship
RODNEY and join the NELSON group.
Convoy WS.9A departed with steamers SAMARIA (19,597grt), HIGHLAND BRIGADE (14,134grt), EASTERN
PRINCE (10,926grt), AAGTEKERK (6811grt), CAPETOWN
CASTLE (27,000grt), EMPRESS OF JAPAN (26,032grt),
FRANCONIA (20,175grt), MOOLTAN (20,952grt), ORBITA
(15,495grt), LLANGIBBY CASTLE (11,951grt), DURBAN CASTLE (17,388grt), EMPIRE CONDOR (7773grt), EMPIRE
CURLEW (7101grt), EMPIRE EGRET (7248grt), and EMPIRE WIDGEON (6736grt).
Anti-aircraft cruiser CAIRO and destroyers
RICHMOND, RAMSEY, COSSACK, MAORI, SIKH, ZULU, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE,
VANQUISHER, and WINCHELSEA were with the convoy form 3 to 7 June.
Armed merchant cruiser AUSONIA was with the convoy
from 3 to 6 June.
Armed merchant cruiser DUNNOTTAR
CASTLE and light cruiser BIRMINGHAM, which departed the Clyde, were with the convoy from 3 to 18 June.
Destroyers VANSITTART and WILD SWAN joined the
convoy on the 13th and escorted it to Freetown arriving on the 18th.
Destroyers HIGHLANDER, VELOX, BOREAS, and BRILLIANT
were with the convoy from 16 to 18 June when the convoy arrived.
The convoy and steamers BERGENSFJORD (11,015grt),
ARONDA (4062grt), THYSVILLE (8351grt), and CHRISTIAAN HUYGENS (16,287grt)
departed Freetown on the 20th. They were escorted by destroyers
BOREAS, VELOX, WILD SWAN, and VANSITTART as local escort from 20 to 22 June
and light cruiser BIRMINGHAM as ocean escort.
Steamers EASTERN PRINCE, CAPETOWN
CASTLE, EMPRESS OF JAPAN, LLANGIBBY
CASTLE, and EMPIRE WIDGEON arrived at Capetown on 1 July. The remaining
ships and light cruiser BIRMINGHAM continued towards Durban.
Heavy cruiser HAWKINS relieved the light cruiser on 2 July. The convoy
arrived at Durban on 4 July.
The Capetown ships departed Capetown on 5 July
escorted by light cruiser BIRMINGHAM.
Durban ships ARONDA, AAGTEKERK, THYSVILLE, EMPIRE CONDOR,
EMPIRE EGRET, and EMPIRE CURLEW departed on 8 July escorted by heavy cruiser
HAWKINS. They rendezvoused on 9 July with the Capetown section and light
cruiser BIRMINGHAM was detached.
Steamers EMPRESS OF JAPAN, CAPETOWN
CASTLE, and DURBAN
CASTLE were detached at 9-10N, 51-40E with armed merchant cruiser HECTOR as
convoy WS.9 AX for Bombay. The convoy arrived on 24 July.
Convoy WS.9 AX departed Bombay escorted by armed merchant cruiser ANTENOR and
arrived at Colombo on 30 July.
Steamers EMPRESS OF JAPAN and CAPETOWN
CASTLE departed Colombo on 1 August escorted by light cruiser MAURITIUS. The light cruiser was relieved later by light
cruiser DURBAN. The convoy arrived at Singapore on 5 August.
The remaining ships arrived at Aden on 21 July and proceeded independently to Suez.
Minesweeper FRANKLIN was damaged by two near misses of German bombing
in the North Sea.
The minesweeper spent no time out of action.
Decoy ship MAMARI (Fleet Tender C) struck the
sunken wreck of tanker AHAMO in 53-22N, 0-59E.
The ship remained fast and attempts to remove the
ship during the day were unsuccessful.
During the night of 3/4 June, German S-boats
attacked the decoy ship with a torpedo striking the AHAMO.
The crew of the decoy ship was rescued by resuce
tug SABINE and landed at Grimsby.
In an attack on German shipping, a British
Swordfish of 816 Squadron from Thorney
Island was shot down. P/T/Sub Lt (A) C.M. Richards RNVR, observer, and
Leading AirmanA.J. Atkin were killed. T/A/Sub Lt (A) E.K. Margetts RNVR,
pilot, was taken prisoner.
German tanker BELCHEN (6367grt) was sunk by light
cruisers AURORA and KENYA in the Greenland area
near 59N, 47W.
U.93 rescued some fifty survivors.
U.48 sank British tanker INVERSUIR (9456grt) in
48-28N, 28-20W. The entire crew was rescued.
U.75 sank Dutch steamer EIBERGEN (4801grt), from
dispersed convoy OB.327, in 48-02N, 25-06W. Two crewmen and two gunners were
lost on the Dutch steamer.Anti-aircraft ship CAIRO rescued thirty five survivors on the 7th.
British steamer ROYAL FUSILIER (2187grt) was badly
damaged by German bombing in 55-22N, 1-21W.
The steamer sank four miles 200° from May Island. The entire crew was rescued.
British steamer DENNIS ROSE (1600grt) was damaged
by German bombing five miles west by south of Start Point.
British troopship GLENGYLE departed Alexandria, escorted by two Greek destroyers, for Port Said to load equipment and landing craft for EXPORTER,
the invasion of Syria.
Destroyers ILEX and HOTSPUR departed Alexandria for Famagusta to embark special service troops and transfer them
to troopship GLENGYLE.
The destroyers joined the troopship at Port Said on the 4th.
Australian sloop PARRAMATTA, after duty in the Red Sea, arrived at Alexandria for duty with the Mediterranean Fleet.
Anti-submarine ??? KLO (T/Skipper J.S.E. Ward RNR) was damaged by German air attack arriving at
Ward was killed. T/LT K.G. Pullman RNR, died of wounds on 2 July.
Italian 7th Cruiser Squadron of light cruisers
EUGENIO D'SAVOIA, DUCA D'AOSTA, and ATTENDOLO and 4th Cruiser Squadron of
light cruisers BANDE NERE and DI GUISSANO with destroyers PIGAFETTA, DA
MOSTA, DA VERAZZANO, DA RECCO, USODIMARE, GIOBERTI, and SCIROCCO laid two
minefields northeast of Tripoli.
An Italian convoy of steamers AQUITANIA (4971grt), NIRVO (5164grt), MONTELLO (6117grt),
CAFFARO (6476grt), BEATRICE C. (6132grt), and POZARICA (7599grt) escorted by
destroyers AVIERE, GENIERE, DARDO, and CAMICIA NERA departed Naples for Tripoli.
Distant cover was provided by cruisers DUCA DEGLI
ABRUZZI and GARIBALDI and destroyers GRANATIERE, FUCLIERE, BERSAGLIERE, and
ALPINO from Palermo.
The convoy was attacked twenty miles northeast of
Kerkenah by British aircraft on the 4th and steamers BEATRICE C. and MONTELLO
Submarine PARTHIAN torpedoed Italian tanker STROMBO
(5232grt) in Salamis Bay
in 39-57N, 25-38E.
The tanker was beached off Dardanelles a total loss.
Submarine UNIQUE damaged Italian steamer ARSIA
(736grt) off Lampedusa.
The steamer had departed Tripoli on the 1st in a convoy of steamer COSTANZA
(582grt) and tug COSTANTE NERI (100grt) and escorted by gunboat GRAZIOLI
LANTE for Trapani.
TORBAY sank a
caique, carrying oil drums, off Mitylene with artillery.
Motor torpedo boat MTB.215 sank Turkish auxiliary schooner IKI KARDESHLER
in 35-56N, 32-52E.
The schooner was carrying petrol and was suspected
of sailing under false orders.
Corvette ASTER departed Gibraltar for Bathurst.
Submarine P.32 arrived at Gibraltar from Holy Loch.
Light cruiser DANAE departed Singapore.
Wednesday, 4 June
Light cruiser NIGERIA arrived at Scapa Flow after refitting at Rosyth.
Dutch minelayer VAN MEERLANT was sunk by mining in
the Thames Estuary.
T/Sub Lt N. Moore RNVR, T/Sub Lt R.C. Palmer RNVR,
and T/LT (E) R.R.G. Perrett RNR, were
lost in the ship.
T/LT R.H. Church RNR, was wounded in the minelayer.
Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Scapa Flow at 0615 to join convoy WN.35 in Pentland Firth and escort it southeastward.
On meeting convoy EC.28, the ship transferred to
that convoy and remained in company through the day.
On the 5th, ship ALYNBANK transferred to convoy
WN.36 west of the Orkneys. The convoy was attacked during the evening of 5
June and a steamer was set afire and a trawler was damaged.
British steamer QUEENSBURY (3911grt) was sunk by
German bombing in 56-50N, 2-07W from convoy WN.36.
Ten crewmen and one gunner were lost on the
The convoy and ship ALYNBANK arrived at Methil at
Convoy OG.64 departed Liverpool, escorted by anti-submarine trawlers CANNA, LADY
SHIRLEY, LAERTES, and LORD IRWIN.
On the 5th, the convoy was joined by destroyers
ROXBOROUGH, SALISBURY, and SKATE, sloop FOLKESTONE, ocean boarding
vessel HILARY, corvettes ANEMONE, CLARKIE, and VERONICA. The ocean boarding
vessel departed the convoy that night.
The destroyers and corvettes were detached on the
On the 12th, corvettes COREOPSIS and FLEUR DE LYS
and Dutch submarine O.21 joined the convoy.
Corvettes COREOPSIS and FLEUR DE LYS were detached
on the 13th.
Destroyers AVONVALE, ERIDGE, and FARNDALE, arriving
from the Irish Sea Force, and WRESTLER, which departed Gibraltar on the 13th, joined the convoy on the 17th.
Anti-submarine trawler LADY SHIRLEY was detached
and arrived at Gibraltar on the 16th, and arrived at Gibraltar on the 18th with sloop FOLKESTONE, the four
destroyers, submarine O.21, deperming vessels SPRINGTIDE and SPRINGDALE, minesweeper CORBRAE and LORD IRWIN,
anti-submarine trawler LAERTES, naval trawler CANNA, and whalers GOS 7, KOS 10, KOS 11, and
Convoy HG.64 departed Gibraltar escorted by sloop BIDEFORD, corvettes COREOPSIS
and FLEUR DE LYS, Dutch submarine O.21, and anti-submarine trawler STELLA
CARINA.Two motor launches departed with the convoy for local escort.
Corvette WOODRUFF joined on the 5th and was
detached the next day for Bathurst.
The anti-submarine trawler was detached on the
Corvettes COREOPSIS and FLEUR DE LYS were detached
on the 12th to convoy OG.64.
On the 14th, ocean boarding vessels LADY SOMERS and
MALVERNIAN joined the convoy.
Destroyers SKATE and WALKER and corvettes HYDRANGEA and WALLFLOWER joined the
convoy on the 15th.
Convoy HG.64 arrived at Liverpool on the 19th.
Aircraft carrier ARGUS and Greek troopship NEA
HELLAS, escorted locally by destroyers FOXHOUND, FORESIGHT, and FURY departed
Gibraltar for the UK. Corvettes GERANIUM and JONQUIL were to escort the
ships during daylight on the 5th, but a forecast of bad weather which would
make the escorts inefficient forced the ships to return to Gibraltar, arriving on the 5th.
German tanker ESSO HAMBURG (9849grt) was scuttled when she was intercepted by
Heavy cruiser LONDON and destroyer BRILLIANT in 7-35N, 31-25W. The
entire crew of eighty seven officers and ratings were rescued.
German supply ship GONZENHEIM (4104grt) was first
located by armed merchant cruiser ESPERANCE
but the cruiser was not fast enough to intercept. The ship was next sighted
by an aircraft fromaircraft carrier VICTORIOUS in 43-32N, 23-56W.Battleship
NELSON, from convoy SL.75, intercepted the supply ship and ordered
lightcruiser NEPTUNE to board. The supply ship scuttled herself in
Light cruiser NEPTUNE, which had been detached from
convoy WS.8 X, rescued sixty three survivors from the German ship and took
them to Gibraltar.
German tanker GEDANIA (8923grt) was captured in the
North Atlantic in 43-38N, 28-15W by Ocean boarding vessel
MARSDALE. The tanker was carrying forty eight torpedoes to replenish U.boats.
The tanker was taken for British use and renamed
U.101 sank British steamer TRECARRELL (5271grt) in
47-10N, 31W. Four crewmen were lost on the steamer.
British dredger ROBERT HUGHES (2879grt) was sunk a
mine laid by U.69 on 27 May at the mouth of the Lagos
Thursday, 5 June
Light cruisers AURORA and KENYA arrived at Iceland after searching for German supply ships. AURORA continued on to Scapa Flow, arriving on the 7th.
Light cruiser HERMIONE arrived at Iceland after
Armed merchant cruiser AURANIA arrived at Iceland after being withdrawn from Northern Patrol after a
submarine was reported in her area.
Destroyer MATABELE struck a submerged object after
leaving Barrow at 2200/4th for Scapa Flow.
The destroyer returned to Barrow, arriving at
1700/5th, for repairs completing in August.
Destroyer INTREPID departed Scapa Flow at 0001 for Immingham to fit TSDS and carry out
The destroyer arrived off the Humber at 1700.
Naval trawler ASH (505grt, Lt A.G. Newell, NZRNVR) was lost on a
mine in the Thames Estuary.
There were some rating casualties in the trawler.
German tanker EGERLAND (9789grt) scuttled herself
when she was intercepted by Heavy cruiser LONDON and destroyer BRILLIANT at 07N, 31W. The entire
crew of ninety four officers and ratings were rescued.
U.48 sank British tanker WELLFIELD (6054grt) in
Eight crewmen were lost on the tanker.
British coal hulk HIMALAYA (3540grt) was sunk by German bombing at
British balloon barrage drifter LAVINIA L. (73grt) was
sunk by German bombing at Sheerness. One crewman was lost on the drifter.
British steamer MYRMIDON (6278grt) was damaged on a
mine in Crosby Channel.
The steamer returned to Liverpool.Permanent repairs
were accomplished at New York.
Battlecruiser RENOWN, aircraft carriers ARK ROYAL and FURIOUS, and six destroyers departed
Gibraltar to fly off 43 Hurricanes to Malta on the 6th in Operation ROCKET.
Group 1 was battlecruiser RENOWN, aircraft carrier
FURIOUS, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT, FORESTER, and FOXHOUND.
Group 2 was aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, light
cruiser SHEFFIELD, and destroyers FEARLESS and FURY.
Force H.safely returned to Gibraltar on the 7th after the fly off.
Anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY and destroyers ISIS and HERO departed Alexandria to join troopship GLENGYLE at Port Said.
Submarine RORQUAL departed Alexandria with supplies for Malta where she arrived on the 11th.
Australian destroyers VOYAGER and VENDETTA departed
Alexandria to deliver supplies to Tobruk during the night of
The destroyers unloaded and returned to Mersa
Submarine TRIUMPH sank small Italian gunboat
VALOROSO and steamers FRIEDA (245grt) and TRIO FRASSINETTI (244grt) in
Australian heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA and New Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES escorted convoy VK.2 of two
ships from Sydney to Wellington, where they arrived on the 9th.
Friday, 6 June
Destroyer ANTHONY departed Scapa Flow at 0900 and met steamer AMSTERDAM and LADY OF MANN off the entrance to Aberdeen.
The ships were escorted to the Orkneys; steamer
LADY OF MANN to Long Hope and destroyer ANTHONY and steamer AMSTERDAM to
Destroyer ANTHONY and steamer AMSTERDAM departed
Kirkwall at 0430
for Lerwick where they arrived at 1000.
Destroyer ANTHONY escorting steamer AMSTERDAM
departed Lerwick at 0430/8th.Steamer LADY OF MANN departed Scapa Flow at 0930
and joined off Duncansby Head. On arrival at Aberdeen at 1545, destroyer ANTHONY parted company and
returned to Scapa Flow, arriving at 2130.
Battlecruiser REPULSE arrived at Conception
after escorting convoy HX.129.
German blockade runner ELBE (9179grt), which had
left Darien on 20 April, sunk by a Swordfish, flown by sub Lt (A) J.B. Murray
of 824 Squadron, from aircraft carrier EAGLE in the South Atlantic at 23-30N,
A search for survivors was unsuccessful. On the
21st, ocean boarding vessel HILARY rescued nineteen survivors from the German
Italian submarine VENIERO attacked convoy HG.64 in
British steamer ARIOSTO (2176grt)
was missed by torpedoes.
The Italian submarine reported attacking another
steamer in this convoy.
Italian submarine MARCONI attacked convoy OG.63 in
35N, 11W in the same vicinity of convoy HG.64.
British steamer BARON LOVAT (3395grt) was sunk in
There were no casualties on the steamer.
Swedish steamer TABERG (1392grt) was sunk in
Fifteen crewmen were lost on the Swedish steamer.
The Italian submarine reported sinking one more
ship and damaging another, but no information is available.
Italian submarines VELELLA and EMO joined in the
attack on the convoy.
The two submarines claimed sinking two steamers
each, but no confirmation is available.
U.106 sank British steamer SACRAMENTO
VALLEY (4573grt) at 17-10N, 30-10W. Three crewmen were lost on the steamer.
U.46 attacked a tanker south of Greenland.
The submarine heard a very heavy detonation, but
did not observe a hit. The submarine was rammed while submerged by the tanker
running in a circle.
No identity is available on the tanker.
U.43 sank Dutch steamer YSELHAVEN (4802grt), from
dispersed convoy OB.328, in 49-25N, 40-54W.
Twenty four of a thirty four man crew were lost
from the steamer.
U.48 sank British steamer TREGARTHEN (5201grt) in
46-17N, 36-20W. The entire crew were lost.
British steamer GLEN HEAD (2011grt) was sunk by
German bombing in 35-40N, 10-30W.
Twenty seven crewmen were lost on the steamer.
Norwegian steamer TAURUS (4767grt) was sunk by
German bombing in 56-47N, 2-15W. The entire crew were rescued.
British trawler EMULATOR (168grt) was damaged by
German bombing seven to eight miles east of Scarborough.
Destroyers WIVERN, WILD SWAN, and VANSITTART
arrived at Gibraltar after escort duty with convoy WS.8X for
Aircraft carrier ARGUS and troopship NEA HELLAS, escorted
by destroyers WIVERN, WILD SWAN, and VANSITTART, departed Gibraltar to meet aircraft carrier VICTORIOUS and light
cruiser NEPTUNE. The destroyers would return with VICTORIOUS and NEPTUNE to Gibraltar.
ARGUS and steamer NEA HELLAS (16,991grt) arrived in
the Clyde on the 14th.
At 1100/8th, the destroyers joined VICTORIOUS and
NEPTUNE. Destroyer WRESTLER, after reinforcing the OG.63 escort, also joined
the VICTORIOUS escort.
French tanker ALBERTA (3357grt) with artillery eight miles 75° from Cape
The tanker was boarded and further damage was done
to the tanker.
When Turkish tug TAXIARCHIS tried to tow the
damaged tanker on the 9th, submarine TORBAY fired a torpedo which missed.
TORBAY sank tanker
ALBERTA on the 10th.
Convoy HX.131 departed Halifax, escorted by armed merchant cruiser CHESHIRE and corvettes PICTOU and RIMOUSKI.
Convoy BHX.131 departed Bermuda on the 4th escorted by ocean escort armed merchant cruiser WOLFE. The
convoy rendezvoused with convoy HX.131 on the 9th and the armed merchant
cruiser was detached.
The convoy was joined on the 12th by corvette
HONEYSUCKLE.All these escorts were detached on the 17th.Joining on the 17th
were destroyers BEAGLE, BOADICEA, and SALISBURY, catapult ship MAPLIN,
corvettes GLADIOLUS, NIGELLA, ORCHIS, and POLYANTHUS, minesweepers SEAGULL
and SHARPSHOOTER, and anti-submarine trawlers AYRSHIRE, LADY MADELEINE, and
ST LOMAN. Corvette GLADIOLUS was detached on the 18th, destroyers BEAGLE and
SALISBURY and corvette POLYANTHUS on the 19th, and destroyer
BOADICEA and corvette NIGELLA on the 20th. The remainder of the escort
arrived with the convoy arrived at
Liverpool on the
Saturday, 7 June
Battlecruiser REPULSE departed Conception
for Halifax, and arrived on the 9th to escort convoy TC.11.
Fleet units at Scapa Flow went to one hour's notice at 2000 on a report of
German main fleet units.
The notice was subsequently cancelled on the 8th.
Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed methil at 1100
and escorted convoy EC.29 from May Island.
Ship ALYNBANK arrived at Scapa Flow at 0100/9th after having parted company with the
convoy off Cape Wrath.
Examination vessel No.10 (281grt) was sunk in
mining off Milford Haven.
U.38 sank British steamer KINGSTON HILL (7628grt)
at 9-35N, 29-40W.
Fourteen crewmen were lost on the steamer.
Destroyer HERO departed Port Said on the 6th for Haifa to complete final arrangements with the Army for
ForceB of light cruisers PHOEBE and AJAX and destroyers KANDAHAR, KIMBERLEY, JACKAL, and JANUS departed Alexandria on the 7th to be off the Syrian coast at daylight
on the 8th for Operation EXPORTER.
Force C of British troops ship GLENGYLE, escorted
by anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY
and destroyers ILEX, HOTSPUR, and ISIS departed Port Said on the 7th to land troops in Syria.
Battlecruiser RENOWN, aircraft carriers ARK ROYAL,
FURIOUS, light cruiser SHEFFIELD and destroyers FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FOXHOUND,
FORESTER, and FURY departed Gibraltar to meet aircraft carrier VICTORIOUS.
Submarine REGENT departed Gibraltar for Malta.
Submarine O.24 departed Gibraltar for patrol in the Gulf of
SEVERN arrived at
Gibraltar after patrol.
Sunday, 8 June
Battleship NELSON, escorted by destroyers ELECTRA,
IMPULSIVE, and ANTELOPE, arrived at Scapa Flow at 0030
to rejoin the Home Fleet after duty in the South Atlantic.
Light cruiser KENYA departed Iceland to reinforce light cruiser EDINBURGH on Denmark
However, light cruiser KENYA was recalled to fuel and proceed to the Iceland
Faroes passage patrol.
Destroyers TARTAR, PUNJABI, and ESKIMO arrived at
Scapa Flow at 1930 after escorting battleship RODNEY.
Convoy OB.331 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers ASSINIBOINE and BULLDOG, corvettes ARROWHEAD, AUBRETIA,
CARNATION, HOLLYHOCK, and PRIMROSE, and anti-submarine trawlers ANGLE,
DANEMAN, and KING SOL. The convoy was joined on the 9th by minesweepers
BRITOMART and SALAMANDER and catapult ship ARIGUANI. The catapult ship was
detached on the 11th. On the 11th, sloops ABERDEEN and
corvette CAMELLIA joined. Destroyer BULLDOG, corvettes AUBRETIA, CARNATION,
and HOLLYHOCK the minesweepers, and the anti-submarine trawlers were detached
on the 12th.Sloop LONDONDERRY and corvette ARROWHEAD were detached on the 13th
and destroyer HARVESTER joined. The convoy was dispersed on the 18th.
Convoy OB.332 departed Liverpool, escorted by corvettes DIANTHUS, NASTURTIUM, and
SPIKENARD and catapult ship MAPLIN. Destroyer CHESTERFIELD and corvettes HEPATICA, MAYFLOWER, TRILLIUM, and
WINDFLOWER joined on the 9th. Destroyer CHESTERFIELD was detached on the 10th. On the 10th, destroyers
HARVESTER and HAVELOCK, sloop SANDWICH, and
anti-submarine yacht PHILANTE joined. Destroyer HARVESTER was detached on the
12th. On the 13th, sloop LONDONDERRY and corvettes ARROWHEAD, EYEBRIGHT, and SNOWBERRY
joined. Destroyer HAVELOCK was detached on the 18th.Sloop SANDWICH and corvettes HEPATICA, SNOWBERRY, TRILLIUM, and WINDFLOWER were
detached on the 19thThe convoy arrived at
Halifax on the 23rd.
Naval drifter COR JESU (97grt) was sunk by German
bombing off Alnmouth, 55-29N, 1-27W. The entire crew were rescued.
U.108 sank British steamer BARON NAIRN (3164grt)at
47-35N, 39-02W. One crewman was lost on the steamer.
U.107 sank British steamer ADDA (7816grt) at 8-30N,
Seven crewmen, two passengers, and the Convoy
Commodore, Captain W.H. Kelly CBE DSO, RD
RNR, were lost on the steamer. Survivors were rescued
by Corvette CYCLAMEN.
U.108 sank Greek steamer DIRPHYS (4240grt) in
Six crewmen were lost.
U.103 sank British steamer ELMDENE (4853grt) at
8-16N, 16-50W. The entire crew were rescued.
U.46 damaged British tanker ENSIS (6207grt) and
sank British steamer TREVARRACK (5270grt) in 48-46N, 29-14W.
The tanker returned to St Johns, N.F. arriving on the 15th. The ship was repaired
There were no survivors from the steamer.
U.48 sank Dutch tanker PENDRECHT (10,746grt), from
dispersed convoy OB.329, in 45-18N, 36-40W.
There were no casualties on the Dutch tanker.
British trawler REMAGIO (174grt) was damaged by German
aircraft near Bamburgh in 48-46N, 29-14W during the night of 8/9 June.
The trawler was abandoned ashore one quarter mile
north of Bamburgh.
The trawler was refloated on the 26th and brought
to Holy Island.
British trawler HOPTON (202grt) was sunk on a
British mine off Iceland, 62-56N, 12-30W.
Eleven crewmen were lost.
Master of trawler British trawler HONDO (229grt),
which was in charge of HOPTON, was subsequently suspended for navigating in a
British troopship GLENGYLE with destroyers ILEX and
HERO returned to Port
Said when the
landing was cancelled due to heavy surf on the beach at Litani (Leontes)
Orders were received to land the troops before dawn
on the 9th.
Troopship GLENGYLE and destroyers ILEX and HERO
Said and the
troops were landed as planned.
Light cruisers PHOEBE and AJAX and destroyers KANDAHAR, KIMBERLEY, JACKAL, and JANUS arrived off Syria on the 8th to support the Army.
Destroyer KIMBERLEY engaged a French shore battery near Kahn
Two Fulmars of 803 Squadron from Dekheila were shot
down. Lt J.M. Christian with Sub Lt N.
Cullen and Petty Officer J.A. Gardner with Leading Airman H. Pickering were
Destroyer KELVIN and gunboat APHIS departed Alexandria for Port Said.
Gunboat APHIS for repairs at Port Said. Destroyer KELVIN continued on to Bombay for repairs, arriving on the 19th. The destroyer's
repairs were completed at the end of December.She sailed from Bombay on 31 December and arrived at Aden on 4 January.
Destroyer KELVIN arrived back at Suez 6 January.
unsuccessfully attacked an Italian destroyer off Naples.
That evening, the submarine sank Italian steamer
STURLA (1195grt) with gunfire five miles off Policastro.
Submarine TAKU sent a shore party into Benghasi
Harbour and damaged a steamer in harbour.
Submarine PARTHIAN sank two schooners and a lighter
in Mitylene Harbour.
Convoy SL.77 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruiser ARAWA to 2
July, corvettes GARDENIA and MARGUERITE to 13 June, and anti-submarine yacht
SURPRISE from 8 to 13 June. Corvette CYCLAMEN escorted the convoy on 10 and
Heavy cruiser NORFOLK joined on the 15th and continued to 27 June when
she was detached to Scapa Flow.
On the 23rd, ocean boarding vessels CAVINA and
HILARY joined to 3 July. Destroyers BATH to 2 July, VANOC, and WALKER and corvettes HYDRANGEA and WALLFLOWER joined on
the 29th, and arrived at Liverpool on 3 July.
Monday, 9 June
Heavy cruiser SUFFOLK rejoined the Home Fleet at Scapa Flow after escorting convoy HX.129 and searching for
German supply ships.
Light cruiser KENYA sailed from Iceland for the Iceland Faroes passage.
Light cruiser MANCHESTER departed
Scapa Flow for
Destroyers INGLEFIELD, ICARUS, and ACHATES departed
Scapa Flow at 1200 for Reykjavik where they arrived during the afternoon of 10
Destroyers IMPULSIVE and ANTHONY departed Scapa Flow at 0600 for Loch Alsh to escort minelayers during
U.46 sank British steamer PHIDIAS (5623grt) in
Eight crewmen were lost on the steamer.
U.101 sank British steamer SILVERPALM (6373grt) in
51N, 26W. The entire crew were lost on the steamer.
British steamer DIANA (942grt) was sunk by German
bombing in 62-04N, 13-40W.
One gunner was lost on the steamer. The survivors
were picked up by anti-submarine trawler CAPE
PORTLAND and taken to Thorshavn.
British steamer DAGMAR (844grt) was sunk by German
bombing in 50-35N, 1-48W. Three crewmen were lost on the steamer.
Finnish steamer FENIX (1894grt) was sunk by German
bombing in 61-56N, 12-14W. One crewman was lost on the steamer.
Spanish steamer SABINA (2421grt) was sunk on a mine
forty miles from Genoa. The entire crew were rescued.
Aircraft carrier VICTORIOUS and light cruiser
NEPTUNE, escorted by destroyers WIVERN, WILD SWAN, and VANSITTART, were met
at sea by battlecruiser RENOWN, aircraft carriers ARK ROYAL and FURIOUS,
light cruiser SHEFFIELD, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FOXHOUND,
FORESTER, and FURY.
Light cruiser NEPTUNE was sent into Gibraltar, arriving on the 9th to land German prisoners and
captured documents from the German ship GONZENEHEIM.
Destroyer WIVERN was sent into Gibraltar on the 9th and destroyers WILD SWAN, VANSITTART,
and WRESTLER arrived on the 10th.
Force H.arrived safely at Gibraltar on the 11th.
Aircraft carrier FURIOUS, after transferring
personnel and aircraft to aircraft carrier VICTORIOUS, returned to England,
accompanied by light cruiser SHEFFIELD and destroyer FURY. Light cruiser
SHEFFIELD was detached from the aircraft carrier and ordered
to patrol an area bounded by 45N, 23W and 44N, 25W. The destroyer was also
detached to rejoin Force H. The aircraft carrier arrived in the Clyde on the 14th.
Light cruiser SHEFFIELD joined convoy SL.76 on the 14th to return to England for refitting. The light cruiser arrived at Scapa Flow on the 18th.
Light cruiser NEPTUNE departed Gibraltar for Freetown.
Light cruiser PHOEBE was attacked by a French
submarine CAIMAN off the Syrian coast, but was not damaged.At this point,
Admiral King withdrew his cruisers to Haifa.
French destroyers VALMY and GUEPARD from Beirut bombarded British positions in Syria.
Destroyer JANUS, alone off Sidon, engaged the French destroyers and was badly
damaged. Destroyers HOTSPUR, ISIS, and JACKAL joined and drove the French
Destroyers KIMBERLEY and KANDAHAR were bombarding the Khan
Bridge and also joined destroyer JANUS.
Destroyer JANUS was towed to Haifa by destroyer KIMBERLEY at a speed of 12 knots while destroyers ISIS,
HOTSPUR, JACKAL pursued the French destroyers.
Destroyer JACKAL sustained slight damage from a
shell hit.She had no time out of service.
Destroyer KANDAHAR covered destroyer JANUS' retirement and recovered
the pilots from a French fighter and a British Hurricane which collided
during the raids on JANUS.
The French destroyers arrived back at Beirut.
Destroyer JANUS arrived at Haifa on the 10th. The destroyer was towed from Haifa by netlayer PROTECTOR and escorted by sloop
FLAMINGO on the 11th to Port Said, arriving on the 12th.
Netlayer PROTECTOR and sloop FLAMINGO returned to
The destroyer was eventually taken to Simonstown
for repair through the end of 1941.
Australian destroyer STUART and Destroyers JAGUAR,
GRIFFIN, and DEFENDER departed Alexandria to reinforce Force B.
British sumarine URGE unsuccessfully a steamer northwest
New Zealand light cruiser LEANDER departed Alexandria for Port Said to have her catapult removed.
The cruiser returned to Alexandria on the 10th.
British troopship GLENEARN, towed by netlayer
PROTECTOR and escorted by sloop FLAMINGO, departed Alexandria for Port Said.
After arriving, netlayer PROTECTOR and sloop
FLAMINGO proceeded to Haifa
to tow damaged destroyer JANUS.
Leading Airman W. McCulloch of 31 SFTS Kingston, Ontario, was killed when his Battle crashed near Gananoque, Ontario.
Light cruiser DAUNTLESS completed refitting at
Tuesday, 10 June
Minelayers AGAMEMNON and MENESTHEUS and destroyers
BRIGHTON, ST MARYS, IMPULSIVE, and ANTHONY departed Loch Alsh on the 9th.
Light cruiser NIGERIA departed
Scapa Flow on the
9th and joined at sea for escort duties.
The minelayers laid minefield SN.64 on the 10th in
the Faroes North Rona minefield.
The minelayers and destroyers BRIGHTON and ST MARYS arrived at Loch Alsh on the 11th.
Destroyers IMPULSIVE and ANTHONY parted company
with the minelaying force off Cape Wrath arrived
at Scapa Flow at 1030/11th.
Light cruiser NIGERIA arrived at Skaalefjord on the 11th to refuel
before proceeding on patrol.
Light cruisers EDINBURGH and NIGERIA departed the Denmark Strait patrol to refuel at Hvalfjord.
Light cruiser ARETHUSA departed the Iceland Faroes
patrol and arrived at Scapa
Convoy OB.333 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyer WALKER and corvettes
GENTIAN, WALLFLOWER, and ZINNIA. Destroyers AVON VALE, ERIDGE, and FARNDALE
joined on the 11th and were detached on the 13th. Destroyer WALKER and
corvette WALLFLOWER were detached on the 14th. The convoy was dispersed on
Polish destroyer KRAKOWIAK departed Scapa Flow at 0700 for Scapa Flow to work up.
The destroyer arrived at 2000/11th.
Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Scapa Flow at 2315 to join convoy WN.38 in Pentland Firth and escort it southeastward.
During the afternoon of 11 June, the ship
transferred to convoy EC.31 south of Buchan Ness.Off Duncansby Head on the
12th, the ship shifted to convoy WN.39 and escorted it to Methil where they
arrived at 1200/13th.
Patrol sloop PINTAIL (Lt J.L.E. McClintock) was sunk on a mine off
the Humber, escorting convoy FN.477.
J. Brunton RNR, T/Sub Lt W.A. Johnson RNR, Gunner J.E. Lucie, Commissioned Engineer S.W.
Paris, andforty eight ratings were lost.Twenty two survivors were picked up
by destroyer QUANTOCK and another ship.
U.204 sank Belgian steamer MERCIER (7886grt) in
Seven crewmen were lost on the steamer.
U.108 sank Norwegian steamer CHRISTIAN KROHG
(1992grt) from convoy OB.328 in 45N, 36-30W. The entire crew were lost on the
The submarine had tried an unsuccessful attack on
this steamer the day before.
U.552 sank British steamer AINDERBY (4860grt) in
Eleven crewmen and one gunner was lost on the
British steamer ROYAL SCOT (1444grt) was sunk on a mine five cables 70° from
62 Buoy, Humber River entrance.
Ten crewmen and one gunner was lost on the steamer.
British steamer CLEARPOOL (5404grt) was damaged by
German bombing off 18B Buoy, Scarborough. Two crewmen were lost on the steamer.
The steamer arrived at Tees on the 11th.She was repaired at
ForceB of light cruisers PHOEBE and AJAX,
anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY, and destroyers KANDAHAR, KIMBERLEY, JACKAL,
ILEX, ISIS, HOTSPUR, and HERO.
Destroyers STUART, JAGUAR, GRIFFIN, and DEFENDER acted as a separate anti-submarine
unsuccessfully attacked a six ship convoy, including steamers UTILITAS,
ALBARO, and GIUSEPINA GHIRADI, in the Dardenelles.
In a second attack, the submarine struck steamer
UTILITAS with a torpedo which did not explode, but imbedded in the hull.
In a third attack,submarine TORBAY sank Italian steamer GIUSEPPINA GHIRARDI (3319grt), which was
straggling, fifteen miles off Cape Helles.
British steamer DURENDA (7241grt) was damaged by
German bombing approaching Port Said.
British steamer RABY
CASTLE (4996grt) in company was not damaged.
The steamers were not escorted.
Steamer DURENDA received temporary repairs at Port Said and permanent repairs at Bombay.
British operation CHRONOMETER was carried out.
Indian troops were landed at Assab from a transport
covered by light cruiser DIDO, armed boarding vessel CHAKDINA, and Indian
sloops CLIVE and INDUS.
Light cruiser DIDO carried out a bombardment prior
to the landing.
On the 11th, light cruiser DIDO and sloops CLIVE
and INDUS departed for Aden.
Anti-submarine trawlers ST MELANTE and RUNSWICK
departed Gibraltar for Bathurst, escorting salvage tug VALKYRIE, which was
EN.route to the Eastern
Convoy HX.132 departed Halifax, escorted by battleship REVENGE, destroyer ANNAPOLIS, and auxiliary patrol vessel REINDEER. The
destroyer and the patrol vessel were detached later that day.
Convoy BHX.132 departed Bermuda on the 8th escorted by ocean escort armed merchant cruiser MALOJA.
The convoy rendezvoused with convoy HX.132 on the 13th and the armed merchant
cruiser was detached.
Destroyers NIAGARA and SAGUENAY joined on the 14th. Corvette COBALT joined on the
15th. On the 16th, destroyers COLUMBIA, RAMSEY, RESTIGOUCHE, and RICHMOND and corvette CANDYTUFT joined the convoy.
Destroyers COLUMBIA and RESTIGOUCHE were detached on the 18th.Battleship
REVENGE was detached on the 20th. Destroyers RICHMOND and
corvette COBALT was detached on the 23rd. On the 23rd, destroyers BROKE and
SALADIN, corvettes ABELIA, ANEMONE, and VERONICA, minesweeper HUSSAR, and
anti-submarine trawlers ST ELSTAN, ST KENAN, and ST ZENO joined. Corvette
CANDYTUFT was detached on the 24th. The remainder of the escort arrived with
the convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 28th.
Convoy SC.34 departed Sidney CB, escorted by armed
merchant cruiser RANPURA and auxiliary patrol boats RACCOON and REINDEER. The
patrol vessels were detached in the harbour approaches on the 11th. Destroyer
RESTIGOUCHE joined on the 15th and was detached on the 18th. Destroyers COLUMBIA, NIAGARA, RAMSEY, RICHMOND, and
SAGUENAY and corvettes
CANDYTUFT and COBALT joined on the 16th. Destroyers RAMSEY and RICHMOND were detached on the 22nd. The rest of the
original escort, less destroyer NIAGARA, but
including the armed merchant cruiser was detached on the 23rd. On the 23rd
destroyer BROKE joined the escort. On the 24th, destroyers LINCOLN, SABRE,
SHIKARI, and VENOMOUS, corvettes ALISMA and SUNFLOWER, minesweepers,
GOSSAMER, HAZARD, and HEBE, and catapult ship PEGASUS joined. Destroyers
LINCOLN and NIAGARA and corvette ALISMA were detached on the 27th. Destroyers
BROKE, SABRE, SHIKARI, and VENOMOUS and the minesweepers were detached. The
convoy arrived in the Clyde on the 29th.
New Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES departed
Wellington with convoy AP 41.
This convoy, as convoy VK.12, was escorted to
Wellington by Australian heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA.
The light cruiser escorted the convoy to 230 miles
east of Chatham Island.
Wednesday, 11 June
The Fleet at Scapa Flow came to one hour's notice at 0430 on receipt of
report of German heavy cruiser LUTZOW in the Skagerrak approaching the North Sea.
Convoy OB.334 departed Liverpool, escorted by corvette POLYANTHUS and
anti-submarine trawler AYRSHIRE. The convoy was joined on the 12th by
destroyer BEAGLE and corvettes GLADOILUS, NIGELLA, and ORCHIS, catapult ship
MAPLIN, minesweepers SEAGULL and SHARPSHOOTER, and anti-submarine trawlers
LADY MADELEINE and ST LOMAN. The destroyer, the catapult ship, corvettes
GLADIOLUS and NIGELLA, and the minesweepers were detached on the 17th. The
convoy was joined on the 17th by destroyer BURNHAM and CHURCHILL, armed
merchant cruiser AURANIA, and corvettes DIANTHUS and SPIKENARD. Destroyer
CHESTERFIELD was with the convoy on the 19th. The armed
merchant cruiser, destroyer BURNHAM, and corvettes DIANTHUS, ORCHIS, and
SPIKENARD were detached on the 20th.Battleship REVENGE and armed merchant
cruisers BULOLO and CALIFORNIA joined on the 20th. The convoy arrived at
Halifax on the 25th.
Sub Lt T P D'Donovan and Sub Lt H. Morris were
killed when their Fulmar of 800 Squadron collided with a Martlet of 881
Squadron off Lee. The Martlet’s pilot, Lt J A Rooper was also killed.
During night take off at Arbroath, Sub Lt (A)
S.H.Bunch was killed when his Sea Hurricane hit a Swordfish, flown by sub Lt
R P Cross. He was not injured.
German heavy cruiser LUTZOW, light cruisers EMDEN and LEIPZIG, and destroyers LODY, Z.23, Z.24, ECKHOLDT, and
GALSTER departed the Baltic.
On the 12th, light cruisers EMDEN and LEIPZIG were detached to Oslofjord.
Heavy cruiser LUTZOW and the five destroyers passed
out of the Skagerrak.
The heavy cruiser was torpedoed by a British
torpedo plane off Lindesnes on the 13th.
Destroyer ECKHOLDT took the heavy cruiser in tow
and the other destroyers screened the withdrawal.
The heavy cruiser was able to proceed under her own
power an hour later. The German ships returned to Germany.
Destroyer Z.24 was near missed by British bombing.
The heavy cruiser required at Kiel from 14 June to January 1942.
Light cruiser MANCHESTER, escorted by destroyers INGLEFIELD and ICARUS,
arrived in Iceland and sailed that day on patrol with destroyers
INGLEFIELD, ICARUS, and ACHATES.
Destroyer ACTIVE departed Scapa Flow to join this force and arrived in Iceland at 1915/13th.
Heavy cruiser SUFFOLK departed
Scapa Flow for
Hvalfjord, arriving on the 13th.
Destroyer HAMBLEDON departed Scapa Flow at 2100 to escort steamers AMSTERDAM and LADY OF MANN from Aberdeen. The ships were met at 0400/12th off Aberdeen and steamer AMSTERDAM was escorted to Lerwick where they arrived at
1600.Steamer LADY OF MANN was detached EN.route to Scapa Flow when off Duncansby Head.
Destroyer HAMBLEDON escorting steamer AMSTERDAM
departed Lerwick at 0500/13th and met steamer LADY OF MANN from Scapa Flow
off Duncansby Head. The two steamers were taken to Aberdeen. Destroyer HAMBLEDON arrived back at Scapa Flow after this duty at 2200/13th.
Submarine H.32 grounded in the Clyde.
The submarine was repaired at Ardrossan.
U.79 sank Norwegian steamer HAVTOR (1524grt) in
Six crewmen were lost on the steamer.
British steamer BARON CARNEGIE (3178grt) was badly
damaged by German bombing in 51-55N, 5-34W.
Nine crewmen were killed and sixteen crewmen were
The steamer sank in tow of British steamer SEINE (1358grt) in 52-04N, 5-01W.
British steamer MOORWOOD (2056grt) was sunk by
German bombing abeam 19 C Buoy, north of Whitby. The entire crew were rescued.
British steamer WESTBURN (2842grt) was damaged by
German bombing three miles north of Skinningrove off Hartlepool.
The steamer arrived at Hartlepool on the 11th in tow.
Destroyer NUBIAN was sailed from Alexandria to Port Said escorted by sloop AUCKLAND.
Destroyer NUBIAN arrived at Port Said on the 12th and was passed through the Canal.
Sloop AUCKLAND returned to Alexandria.
A British Fulmar of 800X Squadron ditched off
Delimara Point Malta returning from a patrol over Sicily. Petty Officer A.W. Sabey and Lt J.S. Manning were rescued after dawn.
A Buffalo of 805 Squadron flew into the ground at
Dekheila. Sub Lt J.B. Musson RNVR, was killed.
Submarine TAKU sank German steamer TILLY L. M. RUSS
(1600grt) on the 11th in Benghazi Harbour.
A convoy of steamers SILVIO SCARONI (1367 tons,
CADAMOSTO (1010grt), and AOSTO (494grt) departed Tripoli on the 9th for Benghazi, escorted by torpedo boats PALLADE and POLLUCE.
The next day, submarine TAKU sank Italian steamer
SILVIO SCARONI 70 miles 283° from Benghazi in 32-27N, 18-42E.
The submarine was counterattacked by torpedo boats
PALLADE and POLLUCE, and arrived at Benghazi on the 10th.
TORBAY sank by ramming
a caique, carrying German troops and stores, fifteen miles south of Mitylene.
Convoy BA.3 departed Karachi, escorted by armed merchant cruiser ANTENOR. The
convoy arrived at Aden on the 20th.
Thursday, 12 June
Battleship KING GEORGE V, light cruisers AURORA and
ARETHUSA and destroyers BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, ESKIMO, and NESTOR departed Scapa Flow at 0127 for 64N, 28-30W.
Battleship NELSON and heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE remained at Scapa Flow, but continued on one hour's notice.
On patrol, light cruiser AURORA intercepted Finnish
steamer ROLFSBORG (1831grt) and sent her into Kirkwall for inspection. Light cruiser ARETHUSA intercepted Finnish steamer
KRONOBORG (6537grt) and sent her to Kirkwall also.
At 1319 on the 14th, the British ships arrived back
at Scapa Flow.
Destroyers ELECTRA and ANTHONY departed Scapa Flow at 2330 for the Clyde where they arrived at 1630/13th.
Destroyer ANTELOPE departed Scapa Flow at 1500/13th to join these destroyers for a
special convoy escort.
Ex-US Coast Guard cutter/escort ship SENNEN was
damaged in a collision with harbour drifter ANIMATE (88grt) in the Clyde.
Heavy cruiser NORFOLK departed Freetown to escort convoy SL.77, which had departed Freetown on the 8th, to the UK.
The heavy cruiser carried 181 German prisoners from
the tankers ESSO HAMBURG (9849grt) and EGERLAND (9789grt).
Cruiser NORFOLK arrived at Scapa Flow on the 29th.
German tanker FRIEDRICH BREME (10,397grt) was sunk
by light cruiser SHEFFIELD in 49-48N, 24-00W.
Eighty eight German survivors, including twelve
wounded of which two died of wounds, were picked up.
U.553 sank British steamer SUSAN MAERSK (2355grt)
in the North Atlantic.
U.371 reported sinking a large steamer of the KENT or TONGARIO type.
The ship was hit by two torpedoes and sank quickly.
No identification is available.
U.48 sank British steamer EMPIRE DEW (7005grt) in
51-09N, 30-16W. Two crewmen died and twenty one were missing from the
steamer.Twenty crewmen were rescued by destroyer ST ALBANS.
U.552 sank British steamer CHINESE PRINCE (8593grt)
in 56-12N, 14-18W.
Forty five crewmen were lost on the
steamer.Eighteen crewmen were rescued.
U.553 sank Norwegian tanker RANELLA (5590grt) from convoy
OG.64 in 43-39N, 28W. The entire crew was rescued.
New Zealand light cruiser LEANDER and destroyers JERVIS and
HASTY departed Alexandria to relieve light cruiser AJAX and destroyers STUART, KANDAHAR, JAGUAR, and HOTSPUR off Syria.
Corvette HYACINTH arrived at Haifa from Alexandria.
French tanker ADOUR (1105grt) was damaged by a British torpedo plane off
The tanker was able to proceed to Turkey where she was interned.
Submarine CACHALOT departed Alexandria with supplies for Malta.
Italian schooner GESUE e MARIA (239grt) off Skiros
Island in 39-10N, 25-20E.
Dutch submarine O.24 sank Italian tanker FIANONA
(6660grt) south of Vada in 43-08N, 10-30E on the 12th.
The next day auxiliary patrol ship trawler
CARLOFORTE (143grt) was sunk with a demolition charge 36 miles 294° from
Friday, 13 June
Sloops BLACK SWAN and STORK departed Scapa Flow at 0900 for Fair Island Channel to search for a
submarine reported by aircraft fifty miles southeast of Fair
Island. The sloops were later joined by two motor launches and
anti-submarine trawlers OPHELIA and CELIA.
That evening, sloop STORK made an attack 15 miles
73° from Seal Skerry Light. Motor launch ML 218 also attacked a contact.
No further attacks were made and the ships returned
to Scapa Flow arriving at 0500/15th.
P/T/A/Sub Lt (A) M. Westerman RNVR, was killed when
his Hurricane of 759 Squadron crashed near Ilchester.
Gate vessel KING HENRY (162grt) was sunk by German
bombing at Lowestoft.
U.77 sank British steamer TRESILLIAN (4743grt) in
44-40N, 45-30W. The entire crew were rescued from the steamer by American
Coast Guard cutter DUANE.
Italian submarine BRIN attacked convoy SL.75.
British steamer DJURDJURA (3460grt) and Greek
steamer EIRINI KYRIAKIDES (3781grt) were sunk in 38-53N, 23-11W.
Thirty three crewmen were lost on the British
steamer. Five crewmen were rescued.
All the crewmen from the Greek steamer were lost.
The submarine claimed sinking two more steamers,
but no more were damaged.
U.107 sank Greek steamer PANDIAS (4981grt) in
Eleven crewmen were lost on the steamer.
British steamer KINGSTOWN (628grt) was sunk by German bombing nine miles
northwest of Bishops Light, Bristol
Channel. The entire crew
The steamer sank in tow of a trawler six miles 287°
from St Anne's Head.
British steamer ST PATRICK (1922grt) was sunk by
German bombing in 52-04N, 5-25W.
Seventeen crewmen, one gunner, and twelve
passengers, including Surgeon Cdr A.R. Ewart MB, BCh, were lost on the
Norwegian steamer ALA (933grt), in tow of tug SECURITY from Shoreham to
Southampton after 17 May bombing damage, was sunk by German
bombing in 50-42N, 0-52W.
One crewman was lost on the steamer.
British steamer EMPIRE CREEK (332grt) was damaged
by German bombing in 57-16N, 1-43W.
The ship was disabled by near misses. The steamer
arrived at Aberdeen.
Norwegian steamer BOKN (698grt) was damaged by
German bombing off St Ives.
The steamer returned to St Ives.
British steamer DALEMOOR (5796grt) was damaged by
German bombing in 57-04N, 1-51W.
Six crewmen were killed and two were missing.
The steamer was towed to Leith.
Battlecruiser RENOWN, aircraft carriers ARK ROYAL
and VICTORIOUS, and destroyers FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FORESIGHT, FORESTER,
FOXHOUND, HESPERUS, and WISHART departed Gibraltar to fly off 47 Hurricanes
to Malta on the 14th in Operation TRACER.
Force H.arrived back at Gibraltar on the 15th.
Minesweeper ABERDARE ran aground near Mersa Matruh,
but was refloated without serious damage.
Anti-submarine trawler JADE was attacked by two Italian motor torpedo boats 17
miles 192° from Cape Passaro at 0220 while searching for downed Hurricane
The British trawler was able to drive off the two
Italian craft without damage to herself, but Midshipman J.C. Creasy RNR, was killed by machine gun fire.
Saturday, 14 June
Aircraft carriers FURIOUS and ARGUS, Greek liner
NEA HELLAS (16,991grt), and destroyers COSSACK, MAORI, and SIKH arrived in
CS.2 transferred his flag to light cruiser
Indian sloop SUTLEJ departed Scapa Flow at 1000 for the Clyde to join the Western Approaches after working up.
Destroyer ECLIPSE departed Plymouth at 1315 for Scapa Flow on completion of her refitting.
The destroyer arrived at Greenock at 1700/15th with engine problems. The destroyer was able to continue
at 0900/17th and arrived at Scapa
Flow at 0630/18th.
Destroyers ELECTRA, ANTHONY, and ANTELOPE departed
the Clyde and topped off fuel at Londonderry to escort a special outbound troop convoy LC.1 of
armed merchant cruisers CALIFORNIA and BULOLO for Halifax,
BULOLO on to Baltimore for refitting, steamer MENDOZA for Montreal, and steamer ULYSSES EN.route to the Far East.
On the 17th the destroyers parted company with the
convoy and steamer ULYSSES was detached for independent passage. Destroyers
ELECTRA and ANTHONY proceeded to Scapa Flow and
destroyer ANTELOPE to Iceland.
Battleship REVENGE joined the convoy on the 19th
and escorted the convoy to Canada.
Destroyer ANTELOPE arrived at Hvalfjord at
0925/19th.En route to Scapa Flow, destroyers ELECTRA and ANTHONY were
detailed to search for a submarine reported by aircraft in 56-10N, 10-58W.
The search continued until 0600/20th.
Destroyer ELECTRA arrived at Scapa Flow at 2200/20th. Destroyer ANTHONY arrived at Loch
Ewe at 1730/20th to refuel.She then continued and arrived at Scapa Flow at 0100/21st.
Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Methil at
noon to cover convoy EC.32.
Departing the convoy in Pentland Firth, the ship arrived in Scapa Flow at noon on the 15th.
Submarine THRASHER departed Holy Loch for Gibraltar, arriving on the 20th.
U.751 sank British steamer ST LINDSAY (5370grt),
which departed on 31 May from UK, in 51N, 30W. The entire crew were lost with the
steamer.Also lost in the steamer were P/T/Sub Lt (A) P.G. Cliff RNVR, P/T/Sub
Lt (A) B. Burletson RNVR, and P/T/Sub Lt (A) G.F. Robinson RNVR, EN.route to
Fleet Air Arm base GOSHAWK for duty in 752 Squadron, T/LT (A) J.H. Crane
RNVR, EN.route to Fleet Air Arm Base GOSHAWK for duty in 793 Squadron, and
T/A/Lt Cdr C.J. Gordon-Canning RNVR,
EN.route to duty in BENBOW.
Convoy OG.65 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyer WESTCOTT, sloop DEPTFORD,
and corvettesMARIGOLD and PERIWINKLE, and anti-submarine trawlers SYRINGA and
Corvettes AURICULA, FREESIA, and HIBISCUS and
anti-submarine trawler RUMBA joined on the 15th.
Trawler RUMBA was detached later on the 15th,
destroyer WESTCOTT and corvettes AURICULA, FREESIA, HIBISCUS, MARIGOLD, and
PERIWINKLE were detached on the 17th.Sloop DEPTFORD was detached on the 18th.
Submarine OLYMPUS and corvettes GERANIUM, JONQUIL,
and SPIRAEA joined the convoy on the 22nd, and arrived at Gibraltar on the
28th with sloop DEPTFORD, anti-submarine trawlers SYRINGA and HOLLY, whalers
GOS 2 and GOS 3, and corvettes GERANIUM and JONQUIL and submarine OLYMPUS.
Convoy HG.65 departed Gibraltar, escorted by sloop WELLINGTON, submarine OLYMPUS, corvettes GERANIUM, JONQUIL, and SPIRAEA, and anti-submarine trawler
Destroyer FORTUNE departed Gibraltar on the 15th and joined the convoy for passage to
the UK for refitting.
The trawler was detached on the 20th and the
remainder of the escort, less sloop WELLINGTON, was detached on the 22nd.
Destroyers CHELSEA, MANSFIELD, and VERITY,
corvettes BEGONIA and JASMINE, and catapult ship SPRINGBANK joined the convoy
on the 25th. Destroyer VETERAN joined on the 26th.
The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 29th.
Gibraltar for patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Destroyers JERVIS and GRIFFIN bombarded Sidon to ease opposition for the troops ashore.
Destroyer GRIFFIN sighted the two French destroyers off Beirut at 1620.
When light cruiser LEANDER closed to engage the
destroyers, the French destroyers retired into harbour.
CLYDE sank Italian
steamer GIOVANNI BOTTIGLIERE (former GUGLIELMO, 331grt) south of Sardinia.
Swedish steamer NINGPO (6079grt) was damaged by a
mine at Singapore when she picked up a floating mine in her screw.
The steamer was towed to Hong Kong for repairs.