1 9 3 9
Deployed with 2nd Cruiser Squadron
for patrol off Norway with Humber Force to intercept any
Commerce Raider attempting passage to
Atlantic or any blockade runner
to German port.
patrol with HM Destroyer JERSEY
Intercepted German freighter
BUHR which was then scuttled by crew.
duty in North Sea in continuation with
HM Cruiser SOUTHAMPTON
with HM Cruisers SOUTHAMPTON, SHEFFIELD
offensive patrol in Skaggerak.
Returned to Rosyth when operation
cancelled after HM Destroyers JERSEY
involved in collision.
with Home Fleet units to escort damaged
SPEARFISH on passage to base in North
Under air attacks.
HM Battlecruisers HOOD and REPULSE with
screen of Home Fleet
to carry out search for German
battlecruiser GNEISENAU and
reported on passage in North
with HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE as escort for
convoy of 19
from convoy and returned to Scapa
HM Cruisers BELFAST, SOUTHAMPTON and
North Sea Striking Force based at
to Rosyth after HMS BELFAST detonated a
Striking Force was leaving harbour and
planned operation was
out unsuccessful search off Norway with
two destroyers for
German liner BREMEN.
Diverted to join Home Fleet ships in
NW Approaches in search for
SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU after the
HM Armed Merchant Cruiser RAWALPINDI
which had been escorting
in an unsuccessful search for ss
CITY OF FLINT which had
captured by a German commerce raider and
was on passage with
a Prize Crew
Deployed in North Sea and NW Approaches for interception patrol.
9 4 0
Transferred to 18th Cruiser
Squadron, Home Fleet.
convoy in NW Approaches with HMS
North Sea escort and patrol duties in continuation
Captured German trawler off Trondheim
On release took passage to Belfast for
routine docking and maintenance.
Deployed at Belfast.
(Note: During docking period
Degaussing equipment fitted to prevent
against detonation of magnetic mines
See THE TORPEDOMEN by A Poland.)
For details of Home Fleet activities
and work of the Northern
Naval Staff History, ENGAGE THE ENEMY
CLOSELY by Corelli Barnett and ARMED
CRUISERS by K Poolman).
Resumed Home Fleet duties on
completion of repair.
to Rosyth from Scapa
troops and stores in Forth with HM
YORK and DEVONSHIRE to take part in
planned allied landings
disembarked when Operation cancelled
Took passage from Forth
with same cruisers to intercept enemy
reported on passage in North
from search with HM Cruisers MANCHESTER,
SHEFFIELD, SOUTHAMPTON and AURORA to
attack shipping at
after German invasion of Norway.
Bergen attack cancelled by Admiralty and
Under heavy and sustained air attacks
during which HM Destroyer
GURKHA was sunk. Two ratings killed
on board when ship was
missed”. See Naval Staff History (HMSO –
with HMS SHEFFIELD and took passage to
refuel at Scapa
further air attacks.
from Scapa Flow with HM Cruiser
SHEFFIELD screened by
HM Destroyers SOMALI, SIKH, MASHONA,
to carry out sweep in search of enemy
with same destroyers to search for
warships reported by
aircraft in Alesund
area of Norway.
Diverted on Admiralty orders to carry
out landings at Namsos
marines from the two cruisers (Operation
advance party at Bangsund,
On completion carried out patrol
northwards (Operation HARRY).
Recovered landing party from
Passage to Scapa
Flow to replenish.
Nominated reinforcement of allied
force at Andalsnes
Passage to Rosyth
for troops and stores.
from Rosyth HM Cruisers GALATEA and SHEFFIELD,
HM Destroyers VANSITTART, CAMPBELL,
off shore on arrival and discharged
passengers and stores
destroyers and small craft for landing
On completion took passage to rejoin
Home Fleet ships east of Shetlands.
Passage to Molde with HM Destroyers
JACKAL and JAVELIN.
of Norway at Molde with Crown Prince
Government ministers and allied
legation personnel for passage to Tromso.
(Note: A quantity of gold bullion was
to Scapa Flow from Tromso
escorted by HMS
JACKAL, after passengers transferred to
a Norwegian warship.
(For details of the disastrous
operations off Norway see NARVIK by
D MacIntyre, THE DOOMED EXPEDITION by
J Adams and
On arrival at Scapa Flow nominated for special duty and took
Royal Marines at Greenock.
from Greenock for Iceland with HM
HM Destroyers FEARLESS and FORTUNE to
carry out initial
prior to landing of military occupation
Arrived at Reykjavik
and disembarked Marines.
Sailed for with German nationals for
internment and carried
in eastern fjords before final
On arrival at Liverpool taken in hand for refit
(Note: Work included installation of an
RAF air-surface radar
naval use (Radar Type 286M). For details
and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA
by D Howse.).
and captured Italian freighter GAMBIANO
Italy declared war.
Home Fleet deployment on completion of
in North Sea with HM Cruisers
and SHROPSHIRE in search for German
in fog at high speed, collided with HM
IMOGEN off Duncansby
started and structural damage forward
above the waterline.
Rescued crew of
HMS IMOGEN when fires became out of
warship had to be abandoned.
Taken in hand for repair at Liverpool.
Nominated for service in Mediterranean.
service on completion.
passage to Gibraltar with HM Aircraft
Carrier ARK ROYAL and
HM Battleship BARHAM with screen of
troops for passage to Malta and joined
Force X with
HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruiser
Destroyers, GALLANT, GRIFFIN, GREYHOUND
ENCOUNTER for passage to Malta
(Note: Cover for the passage of these
reinforcements for the Fleet
was provided by Force H. See MALTA
CONVOYS by R Woodman, THE BATTLE FOR THE
by D Macintyre and Naval Staff
troops in Malta and joined 7th Cruiser
Deployed as escort for HM Aircraft
Carrier ILLUSTRIOUS with
HM Cruisers BERWICK, GLOUCESTER and YORK
to provide cruiser cover
attacks on Italian Fleet at Taranto
troops in Alexandria with HM Cruisers
and SYDNEY (RAN) for passage to
troops in Piraeus and took return
passage to Egypt
with HMS GLOUCESTER and HMS YORK with
destroyers for escort of Malta relief
convoy MW4 as Force E
(Operation MB9 – Covered by Force D,
HM Battleship RAMILLIES,
HM Cruisers BERWICK, COVENTRY and
Destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, GALLANT,
HEREWARD. Force C. HM Aircraft
EAGLE, HM Battleships MALAYA
and BARHAM provided
Part of major Operation COLLAR))
Arrived in Malta
with ships of Force E and MW4.
Took passage from Malta
with Force E.
HM Cruisers MANCHESTER and SOUTHAMPTON
Force F from Gibraltar to join
Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria.
with Ships of Forces D, E and F as
escort for Convoy ME4
passage from Malta to Alexandria.
air attack at Suda
Bay and damaged by two torpedoes.
and some fires aft. Two shafts
Returned to Alexandria
at 17 knots.
Under temporary repair at Alexandria.
(Note: For further details see above
9 4 1
Transferred to East Indies
Station because of speed limitation
to 24 knots
following damage at Suda Bay.
(Note: Only two shafts were available
as repair not possible at Alexandria.)
Transit of Suez
Canal; on passage to Indian Ocean.
(Note: Ship provided cover for
passage of HM Supply Ships
GLENEARN, GLENGYLE and GLENROY to
as Force Y.
They were to be deployed with
converted for use as Landing Ships
on passage to join search in Indian
Ocean by East Indies
Fleet ships for German ADMIRAL SCHEER
which had sunk a
Canadian Armed Merchant Cruiser.
Continued search with HM Aircraft
Carrier HERMES. HM
AUSTRALIA (RAN), CANBERRA (RAN),
Ship’s WALRUS aircraft sighted SCHEER
in a position 140 miles from ship
contact not attempted because of
inadequate fuel remaining.
Joined Force Y on release from search
and escorted during
passage to Aden.
HM Cruiser CALEDON with HM Destroyers
KANDAHAR for escort of HM Armed Boarding
CHANTALA during passage to Berbera.
naval gunfire support during landings of
Somaliland, which was
On release from APPEARANCE deployed
for convoy defence
interception patrol in Indian
Passage to Seychelles for escort of ss
Deployed with HM Cruiser CANBERRA (RAN)
as escort for ss
TALAMBA from Seychelles to join military
convoy WS6 on
Mombasa to Aden.
WS6 and relieved HM Cruisers CORNWALL
and PHOEBE as
(Note: HM Cruiser DORSETSHIRE
remained with WS6)
from WS6 and resumed interception patrol
with HM Cruiser COLOMBO.
with HMS COLOMBO.
military convoy WS7 as Ocean Escort with
as relief for HM Cruiser HAWKINS.
(Note: WS7 included troopships on
passage to Aden and Bombay.)
with WS7 when convoy divided into
sections for Aden
from WS7 Ocean Escort when convoy
dispersed on its
arrival off Perim
passage from Aden to Colombo diverted to
carry out search for
raider PINGUIN known to be active in Indian Ocean.
interception patrol and convoy defence
including call at Singapore.
military convoy WS11X as Ocean Escort
for passage to Bombay
after it had
detached from WS11 during passage from
Detached from WS11X on arrival at Bombay
and resumed patrol duties.
military convoy WS12 during passage from
Durban to Aden and
Ocean Escort for new convoy WS12J during
(Note: WS12J comprised the troopships
DUCHESS OF RICHMOND,
and EMPRESS OF CANADA.)
Detached from WS12J on arrival at Colombo.
as Ocean Escort for DOMINION MONARCH and
EMPRESS OF CANADA as Convoy WS12
during passage in
Ocean to Singapore.
by HM Cruiser DRAGON as Ocean Escort for
Singapore and returned to Colombo as
escort for ss
Indian Ocean patrol duties on arrival at
Deployed in Bay of Bengal.
fire and sank Royal Indian Navy Patrol
PRABNAVATI which had been mistakenly
identified as a
Landed survivors at
(Note: This 500 ton ship had been
requisitioned by the RIN).
9 4 2
Convoy defence and patrol in
Passage from Durban with HM Armed
reinforce escort for military convoy.
HMS NEWCASTLE and HM Sloop MILFORD
Ocean Escort for military convoy
NEWCASTLE detached later that day.)
Nominated for repair and refit in USA.
from WS16 on relief by HM Cruiser
and HM Armed
Merchant Cruiser ALAUNIA.
(Note: Japanese naval units were
known to be operating in
See WAR WITH JAPAN (HMSO).)
Took return passage to Mombasa.
Prepared for passage to USA and sailed
in hand for repair and refit by US
Navy Yard in New
Work done included
Main armament Fire-control Radar Type
284, Aircraft warning
Fire-control Radars Type 285 and 282,
Aircraft warning Radar
Radar Type 281 installation and Radar
Type 286M replaced by
Close range AA armament improved by
fit of additional 20mm
On completion of Post Refit trials took
passage to UK to complete radar
On completion of refit work carried
out trials off Portsmouth..
10th Cruiser Squadron and worked-up at
Resumed operational service
with Squadron in Home Fleet
Home Fleet deployment in
Under repair at Clyde commercial
9 4 3
Rejoined Squadron in Home
with HM Cruisers BERMUDA and KENT to
against attack on Russian Convoy JW52
and return convoy RA52
(Note: For details of all Russian
Convoy operations see CONVOYS TO
RUSSIA by RA Ruegg,
CONVOY ! by
P Kemp, ARCTIC
CONVOYS by R Woodman and THE RUSSIAN
Deployed with Squadron for Home
Provided cover for Atlantic convoys
based in Iceland.
anchor at Seidisfjord
Towed clear by tugs.
with HM Battleships KING GEORGE V and
HOWE to provide Distant Cover for
return passage of
Convoy RA53 from Kola Inlet. See
for Northern Patrol based in Iceland.
During Area WHITE Patrol in Denmark
Strait intercepted German
runner REGENSBERG on passage from Japan.
scuttled on approach. Six survivors were
Home Fleet deployment for interception
Transferred to Plymouth Command for
interception of coastal
blockade runners in SW Approaches.
to cover destroyer operations against
with HMS BERMUDA.
in Bay of Biscay and SW Approaches to
cover HM Escort
Aircraft Carrier ARCHER and frigates
of Escort Group B5 during
(For details of the offensive carried
out against U-Boats in transit
to and from
Atlantic convoy routes see HITLER’S
WAR by C Blair, THE BATTLE OF THE
ATLANTIC by D
Macintyre, U-BOAT WAR IN THE ATLANTIC (HMSO) and
Ocean Escort for ships of 1st Minelaying
minelay in Northern Barrage.
(Operation SN22A – See Naval Staff
Channel deployment in continuation.
with HM Destroyers ATHABASKAN (RCN),
IROQUOIS (RCN) and Polish ORP ORKAN for offensive
patrol in Bay
Under refit by HM Dockyard
Aircraft facilities removed. Additional
fitted to improve Close Rage air
defence. Radar outfits
with new Fire-Control Type 283 fitted.
was installed and VHF radio-telephone
On completion transferred to
Portsmouth Command in continuation.0
First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Andrew
Dudley Pound for ceremonial interment of
of the Fleet
Sir Dudley Pound whose ashes were
miles off Nab Tower.
Deployed in English Channel and SW
Approaches to cover
French coastal shipping (Operation
Interception patrol and covering
duties in continuation.
with HM Cruiser GAMBIA NNW of Azores to
blockade runners known to be on passage
from Far East
sighting by SUNDERLAND aircraft,
redeployed with HM Cruisers
ENTERPRISE, PENELOPE and ARIADNE to
intercept blockade runner
In action with German destroyers and
torpedo boats sent to meet blockade
with HMS ENTERPRISE sank destroyer Z25
structural damage from splinters.
ALSTERUFER was abandoned after air
attacks and later sank.
survivors were rescued.
attack by Glider Bombs controlled by
aircraft whilst on passage to
Plymouth with HMS ENTERPRISE after
9 4 4
Convoy defence, cover and
interception patrol duties in
Nominated for support of planned allied
Allocated for service with Western
Task Force under US Navy
Command in Bombarding Force C with US
TEXAS and ARKANSAS, Free French Cruisers
GEORGES LEYGUES, nine US Navy
destroyers and three RN
HUNT Class Destroyers.
(For details of naval activities
before and during NEPTUNE See
LANDINGS IN NORMANDY.
June 1944 (HMSO) and
by K Edwards.)
Took part in bombardment exercises in
Cape Wrath area.
to Channel with ships of Force C.
postponed for 24 hours.
through Swept Channel to OMAHA Beach head with Convoy O1
covering fire during landings on OMAHA
Beaches with ships
of Force C,
off beaches to provide naval support
gunfire as required.
(Note: Replenished ammunition and
supplies during Build-Up Phase and
for naval bombardment of defences of
Cherbourg and took
Portland to join Task Force 129.
Joined Bombardment Group No 1 with
HMS ENTERPRISE, US cruisers
QUINCY and NEVADA.
(Note: British 9th Minesweeping
Flotilla and US 159th Minesweeping
part of Group 1 with screen of six US
from Portland with Task Force.
out preliminary bombardment with ships
of Group 1 from position
yards NW of Cherbourg
(For details see LANDINGS IN
On completion of preliminary
bombardment took passage with ships of
Group 1 to Fire Support Area No.3 for
close range joint bombardment of
with Groups 1 and 2 after mine
Under heavy shore fire before minesweep
completed and carried out
to north of Fire Support Area.
Sustained damage by
two direct hits and one near miss.
(Note: Structural damage in hangar
area and aft with damage
cabling and fire control equipment. See
Withdrawn from Western Task Force.
Withdrawn from operational service and
passage to Tyne
Called at Belfast
during passage for refit in
Paid-off and taken in hand for refit
and repair to action damage.
Under refit and repair
Modern radar were fitted together with
an Aircraft Homing
Beacon (Outfit YE). Type 281B with
single aerial replaced
Air Warning Type
281 which required use of both masts.
Type 293 replaced Surface Warning
Type 273. Type 274
radar replaced Type 284 for main
“X” Turret removed.
9 4 5
Refit and repair in
Re-commissioned for service and post
Prepared for foreign
service with East Indies Fleet
operational war service in Mediterranean.
Sailed to join Fleet in East
Indies with HM Cruiser JAMAICA.
Attack on the 18th Cruiser
Squadron on 9th April 1940
Damage sustained by H.M.S. GLASGOW
COMMANDING OFFICER, H.M.S. GLASGOW
To: THE VICE
ADMIRAL COMMANDING, EIGHTEEN CRUISER
The following report is submitted,
departmental reports are being forwarded
2. Weather Conditions
blue sky with strong sun, cumulus cloud
varying in density from 1/10 –
NE force 5
3. Method of Attack
Between approximately 1430 and 1500, a number of dive
bombing attacks were made by
individual aircraft. At 1445, one
such attack on H.M.S.
GLASGOW delivered from the starboard
quarter resulted in two very near misses
port side. Gunfire was impeded by
the fine angle of approach but the
aircraft was engaged by
close range weapons. Ship's
course 340 degrees – speed 17 knots.
4. Two bombs of
250 – 500 lbs. Weight were released at a
height of about 1500 feet while
still in the dive. It is
considered probable that they fell about
15 feet from the ship's side, one
bursting on impact abreast 70 station
and the other under water further
5. State of ship at 1445
Hands were at Action Stations, all men not required for
fighting the A.A. armament being off the
upper deck. All ratings between
decks were distributed as far as
possible throughout the ship. The
upward trend of the splinters again
being demonstrated the value of men
flat on the deck away from the ship's
side. Had this not been enforced
casualties would have been
hatches, and ventilation were in the
7. Damage sustained
A large proportion of the bomb which burst on impact entered
the ship three feet above the lower deck
level, holding an area of
approximately six feet by three feet; in
addition further penetration of the
ship's side was caused by scattered
splinters of varying size numbering
sixty. A further effect of the
bomb was blast which blew in four dead
lights, one of which coming inboard was
responsible for the death of a
Considerable quantities of water entered
with movement of the ship, and
between 53 – 74 stations were
about one foot under water.
Certain subsidiary flooding occurred and
minor underwater damage further
experienced, probably as a result of the
8. 'A' turret
was temporarily out of action (see
9. Details of
the damage are given in the Appendices.
10. Action Repairs
A good deal of smoke and debris impeded a rapid examination
of the area affected but at 1500 my
Executive Officer was able to report
there was no considerable flooding and
by 1515, it had been ascertained that
the lower deck was intact and that there
were only very minor leaks below
it. Power had by this time been
restored to ÒAÓ turret.
11. Until a more
complete inspection of the structural
damage could be made and the holes
blocked to get flooding under control, a
request was made that speed should not
be increased except in case of
The obvious damage in frames and plates
made it doubtful at this time
whether high speed could be possible
even when shored.
12. By 1540, a
complete inspection had been made and
shoring was well under way. My
signal times 1547 reported that the
ship would be ready for service and high
speeds in half an hour's time.
Shoring was completed and all
important holes blocked by
13. Work was
then started in building cofferdams of
wood and cement round important hatches
on the lower deck, such as lower
steering position, to preserve access to
should the ship go further down by the
bow due to further damage or the
displacement of puddings. These
were completed by 2230.
evening, the ship was steamed at speeds
up to 26 knots and the following day 30
knots was maintained for a considerable
15. Harbour repairs
On the following day, 10th April, the ship was
ordered to Scapa and plates were
prepared on passage to effecting more
16. The ship
anchored at 1905, but subsequently
nearly two hours' work
were lost due to an air raid.
midnight, the Base Engineer Officer and
Mr. Mackenzie of Metal Industries
estimated that good temporary repairs
could be effected
in forty eight hours. Twenty
two hours later, the ship
proceeded to sea and the
repairs which were done entirely by the
ship's staff have stood up to a week of
I regret to report the following casualties
Acting Leading Signalman, P/JX 138361
Stoker 2nd Class, P/KX 97026
Walter Burrows, Ordinary Signalman,
P/SSX 23322 (since died)
Milligan, Able Seaman, P/JX 132375
George Edwards, Able Seaman, P/JX 144393
Signalman, P/JX 145592
Cowper Pattie, Ordinary Signalman, P/SSX
19. The wounded
were transferred to H.M. Hospital Ship
AMARAPOORA on arrival in
Detailed recommendations are included in the Appendices, but
the following are most strongly
(a). At least two tons of rapid
cement or alternatively one ton of
Portland cement and one ton of ciment
be carried in
(b). A supply of tongued and
grooved 9" by 3"
deals should be carried for building
cofferdams. (These could be made
into mess tables to facilitate
(c). All water tight hatches
situated on the
lower deck which lead to important
compartments below should have higher coamings
where possible level to the deck head.
(d). Second Welding set. It
is strongly recommended that a second
single point welding set should be
splinters have been forwarded to the
Admiral Commanding, Orkneys and
in accordance with Orkneys and Shetlands
General Memorandum No. 249.
22. Copies of
Appendices II and III are being
forwarded under separate cover to the
of Electrical Engineering, the Director
of Naval Construction and the Captain,
H.M.S. VERNON in accordance with C.A.F.O.@s
3376/39 and 2833/39.
Damage Control Organisation
23. The damage
worked smoothly, and the work of
the repair parties in bringing the ship
back to full efficiency so rapidly is
worth of high praise. The direct
credit for this, under my Executive
Officer, must go to Lieutenant (E)
Peter Bowen Evans, Royal Navy, Damage
Control Officer, and Mr. Albert Groves,
Warrant Shipwright, Royal Navy.
24. The behaviour of all
officers and ratings, both immediately
after the damage occurred and during the
subsequent repairs, was
exemplary, and morale was quite
unaffected during the subsequent
25. The energy,
initiative and fine example shown by the
following ratings is worthy of special
E.R.A. 2nd Class John Edward
Milne, P/M 24939
Stoker Percy John Bowen, P/K 66145
Shipwright 2nd Class Gilbert
Henry Robinson, P/M 15163
Class Leslie Price, P/K 95358
26. The whole
of this creditable state of affairs is
basically due to the skilled organisation,
cool leadership, and personality of my
Executive Officer, Commander John Wilson
Cuthbert, Royal Navy, whole name I
should particularly like to bring to