Naval History Homepage and Site Search

 

 

SERVICE HISTORIES of ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS in WORLD WAR 2

by Lt Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2003

HMS GLASGOW  -  Town-type Light Cruiser
including Convoy Escort Movements

HMS Glasgow (Navy Photos, click to enlarge) return to Contents List 
 

SOUTHAMPTON-Class Cruiser ordered from Scotts at Greenock on 17th December 1934 and laid down on 16th April 1935. The ship was launched on 20th June 1936 by Mrs Stanley Baldwin, wife of the Prime Minister. She was the 7th RN ship to bear this name, introduced in 1707 for a Scots Navy 6th Rate completed in 1696 and named ROYAL MARY. The last ship to bear the name was a 2nd Class Cruiser built in 1909 and sold in 1927. Build was completed on 8th September 1937 but without some components of main armament fire control system. These items were fitted at the end of that year during her first commission. This cruiser escorted the liner rms EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA with HM King George VI embarked for passage to Canada in May 1939.  Following a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in May 1942 this cruiser was adopted by the civil community of the county of Lanarkshire.

 

B a t t l e   H o n o u r s

LAGOS 1759 - HAVANA  1762 - ALGIERS 1816 - NAVARINO 1827 - FALKLANDS 1914 - NORWAY 1940 - BISCAY 1943  - ARCTIC 1943 - NORMANDY 1944  - FALKLANDS 1982*

(* Awarded to 8th HMS GLASGOW.)

H e r a l d i c   D a t a

Badge:  On a Field Blue, the figure of St Kentigon.

 

M o t t o

Memor es tuorum:  'Be mindful of your ancestors'

 

 

D e t a i l s   o f   W a r   S e r v i c e

 

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search

 

 

1 9 3 9

 

September             Deployed with 2nd Cruiser Squadron Home Fleet.

                3rd          Detached for patrol off Norway with Humber Force to intercept any

                                Commerce Raider attempting passage to Atlantic or any blockade runner

                                on passage to German port.

                4th          During patrol with HM Destroyer JERSEY Intercepted German freighter

                                JOHANNES MOLKEN BUHR which was then scuttled by crew.

                8th          Patrol duty in North Sea in continuation with HM Cruiser SOUTHAMPTON

                22nd       Deployed with HM Cruisers SOUTHAMPTON, SHEFFIELD and AURORA

                                for offensive patrol in Skaggerak.

                                Returned to Rosyth when operation cancelled after HM Destroyers JERSEY

                                JAVELIN were involved in collision.

                26th        Deployed with Home Fleet units to escort damaged submarine HMS

                                SPEARFISH on passage to base in North Sea.

                                Under air attacks.

 

October

                8th          Joined HM Battlecruisers HOOD and REPULSE with screen of Home Fleet

                                destroyers to carry out search for German battlecruiser GNEISENAU and

                                cruiser KOLN reported on passage in North Sea.

 

November

                12th        Deployed with HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE as escort for convoy of 19

                                tankers in SW Approaches.

                25th        Detached from convoy and returned to Scapa Flow

                10th        Joined HM Cruisers BELFAST, SOUTHAMPTON and AURORA

                                to form North Sea Striking Force based at Rosyth.

                21st         Returned to Rosyth after HMS BELFAST detonated a magnetic mine

                                when Striking Force was leaving harbour and planned operation was

                                cancelled.

 

November

                23rd        Carried out unsuccessful search off Norway with two destroyers for

                                German liner BREMEN.

                                Diverted to join Home Fleet ships in NW Approaches in search for

                                battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU after the sinking of

                                HM Armed Merchant Cruiser RAWALPINDI which had been escorting

                                an Atlantic convoy.

                28th        Deployed in an unsuccessful search for ss CITY OF FLINT which had

                                been captured by a German commerce raider and was on passage with

                                a Prize Crew to Germany.

 

December              Deployed in North Sea and NW Approaches for interception patrol.

 

1 9 4 0

 

January                  Transferred to 18th Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet.

                7th          Escorted convoy in NW Approaches with HMS NEWCATLE.

 

February                North Sea escort and patrol duties in continuation

                17th        Captured German trawler off Trondheim during patrol.

                                On release took passage to Belfast for routine docking and maintenance.

                                Deployed at Belfast.

                                (Note: During docking period Degaussing equipment fitted to prevent

                                protection against detonation of magnetic mines

                                See THE TORPEDOMEN by A Poland.)

                                For details of Home Fleet activities and work of the Northern

                                Patrol see Naval Staff History, ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE

                                CLOSELY by Corelli Barnett and ARMED MERCHANT

                                CRUISERS by K Poolman).

 

March

                20th        Resumed Home Fleet duties on completion of repair.

 

April

                6th          Passage to Rosyth from Scapa Flow.

                7th          Embarked troops and stores in Forth with HM Cruisers BERWICK,

                                YORK and DEVONSHIRE to take part in planned allied landings

                                in Norway (Operation RUPERT/R4)

                8th          Troops disembarked when Operation cancelled

                                Took passage from Forth with same cruisers to intercept enemy

                                warships reported on passage in North Sea.

                9th          Detached from search with HM Cruisers MANCHESTER,

                                SHEFFIELD, SOUTHAMPTON and AURORA to attack shipping at

                                Bergen after German invasion of Norway.

                                Bergen attack cancelled by Admiralty and rejoined Fleet units.

                                Under heavy and sustained air attacks during which HM Destroyer

                                GURKHA was sunk. Two ratings killed on board when ship was

                                “near missed”. See Naval Staff History (HMSO – 2001)

                10th        Detached with HMS SHEFFIELD and took passage to refuel at Scapa

                                Flow. Under further air attacks.

                11th        Sailed from Scapa Flow with HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD screened by

                                HM Destroyers SOMALI, SIKH, MASHONA, AFRIDI, MATABELE

                                and MOHAWK to carry out sweep in search of enemy vessels taking

                                troops to Norway.

                13th        Deployed with same destroyers to search for warships reported by

                                aircraft in Alesund area of Norway.

                                Diverted on Admiralty orders to carry out landings at Namsos by

                                seamen and marines from the two cruisers (Operation HENRY)

                14th        Landed advance party at Bangsund, near Namsos.

                                On completion carried out patrol northwards (Operation HARRY).

                17th        Recovered landing party from destroyers.

                                Passage to Scapa Flow to replenish.

                                Nominated reinforcement of allied force at Andalsnes

                                (Operation SICKLE)

                                Passage to Rosyth for troops and stores.

                22nd       Sailed from Rosyth HM Cruisers GALATEA and SHEFFIELD,

                                screened by HM Destroyers VANSITTART, CAMPBELL, ICARUS,

                                IVANHOE, IMPULSIVE and WITCH.

                23rd        Anchored off shore on arrival and discharged passengers and stores

                                into destroyers and small craft for landing (Operation SICKLE)

                                On completion took passage to rejoin Home Fleet ships east of Shetlands.

                28th        Passage to Molde with HM Destroyers JACKAL and JAVELIN.

                29th        Embarked King Haakon of Norway at Molde with Crown Prince ,

                                Government ministers and allied legation personnel for passage to Tromso.

                                (Note: A quantity of gold bullion was also embarked.)

                30th        Passage to Scapa Flow from Tromso escorted by HMS JAVELIN

                                and HMS JACKAL, after passengers transferred to a Norwegian warship.

                                (For details of the disastrous operations off Norway see NARVIK by

                                D MacIntyre, THE DOOMED EXPEDITION by J Adams and

                                Naval Staff History).

 

May                        On arrival at Scapa Flow nominated for special duty and took

                                passage to Greenock.

                7th          Embarked Royal Marines at Greenock.

                8th          Sailed from Greenock for Iceland with HM Cruiser BERWICK,

                                HM Destroyers FEARLESS and FORTUNE to carry out initial

                                occupation prior to landing of military occupation force.

                                (Operation FORK)

                10th        Arrived at Reykjavik and disembarked Marines.

                                Sailed for with German nationals for internment and carried

                                out patrol in eastern fjords before final departure.

                                On arrival at Liverpool taken in hand for refit

 

June                        Under refit.

                                (Note: Work included installation of an RAF air-surface radar

                                modified for naval use (Radar Type 286M). For details of

                                development and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA

                                by D Howse.).

                10th        Boarded and captured Italian freighter GAMBIANO in Liverpool

                                docks after Italy declared war.

 

July

                1st           Resumed Home Fleet deployment on completion of refit.

                16th        Deployed in North Sea with HM Cruisers SOUTHAMPTON,

                                SUSSEX and SHROPSHIRE in search for German warships.

                                During passage in fog at high speed, collided with HM Destroyer

                                IMOGEN off Duncansby Head.

                                Extensive fires started and structural damage forward above the waterline.

                                Rescued crew of HMS IMOGEN when fires became out of control

                                and this warship had to be abandoned.

                22nd       Taken in hand for repair at Liverpool.

 

August                  Under repair.

to

September

 

October                  Nominated for service in Mediterranean.

                                Resumed operational service on completion.

                30th        Took passage to Gibraltar with HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL and

                                HM Battleship BARHAM with screen of four destroyers.

 

November

                6th          Arrived at Gibraltar.

                7th          Embarked troops for passage to Malta and joined Force X with

                                HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruiser BERWICK, HM

                                Destroyers, GALLANT, GRIFFIN, GREYHOUND and

                                ENCOUNTER for passage to Malta (Operation COAT).

                                (Note: Cover for the passage of these reinforcements for the Fleet

                                in Alexandria was provided by Force H. See MALTA

                                CONVOYS by R Woodman, THE BATTLE FOR THE

                                MEDITERRANEAN by D Macintyre and Naval Staff History).

                11th        Landed troops in Malta and joined 7th Cruiser Squadron.

                                Deployed as escort for HM Aircraft Carrier ILLUSTRIOUS with

                                HM Cruisers BERWICK, GLOUCESTER and YORK to provide cruiser cover

                                during air attacks on Italian Fleet at Taranto (Operation JUDGEMENT).

                14th        Embarked troops in Alexandria with HM Cruisers BERWICK,

                                YORK and SYDNEY (RAN) for passage to Piraeus, Greece.

                16th        Disembarked troops in Piraeus and took return passage to Egypt

                23rd        Deployed with HMS GLOUCESTER and HMS YORK with screen

                                of four destroyers for escort of Malta relief convoy MW4 as Force E

                                (Operation MB9 – Covered by Force D, HM Battleship RAMILLIES,

                                HM Cruisers BERWICK, COVENTRY and NEWCASTLE screened

                                by HM Destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, GALLANT,

                                GREYHOUND and HEREWARD. Force C. HM Aircraft Carrier

                                EAGLE, HM Battleships MALAYA and BARHAM provided

                                Distant Cover. Part of major Operation COLLAR))

                26th        Arrived in Malta with ships of Force E and MW4.

                27th        Took passage from Malta with Force E.

                28th        Joined HM Cruisers MANCHESTER and SOUTHAMPTON on

                                passage as Force F from Gibraltar to join Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria.

                29th        Deployed with Ships of Forces D, E and F as escort for Convoy ME4

                                during passage from Malta to Alexandria.

 

December

                1st           Arrived at Alexandria.

                2nd         Passage to Suda Bay, Crete.

                3rd          Under air attack at Suda Bay and damaged by two torpedoes.

                                Extensive flooding and some fires aft. Two shafts were damaged.

                                Returned to Alexandria at 17 knots.

                10th        Under temporary repair at Alexandria.

                                (Note: For further details see above references.)

 

1 9 4 1

 

January                  Under repair.

 

February                Transferred to East Indies Station because of speed limitation

                                to 24 knots following damage at Suda Bay.

                                (Note: Only two shafts were available as repair not possible at Alexandria.)

                15th        Transit of Suez Canal; on passage to Indian Ocean.

                                (Note: Ship provided cover for passage of HM Supply Ships

                                GLENEARN, GLENGYLE and GLENROY to Mediterranean

                                as Force Y. They were to be deployed with Mediterranean Fleet

                                and later converted for use as Landing Ships (Infantry).

                21st         Diverted on passage to join search in Indian Ocean by East Indies

                                Fleet ships for German ADMIRAL SCHEER which had sunk a

                                Canadian Armed Merchant Cruiser.

                22nd       Continued search with HM Aircraft Carrier HERMES. HM Cruisers

                                AUSTRALIA (RAN), CANBERRA (RAN), EMERALD, SHROPSHIRE

                                and ENTERPRISE.

                                Ship’s WALRUS aircraft sighted SCHEER in a position 140 miles from ship

                                and surface contact not attempted because of inadequate fuel remaining.

                28th        Joined Force Y on release from search and escorted during passage to Aden.

 

March

                16th        Joined HM Cruiser CALEDON with HM Destroyers KIPLING and

                                KANDAHAR for escort of HM Armed Boarding Vessels

                                CHAKDINA and CHANTALA during passage to Berbera.

                17th        Provided naval gunfire support during landings of military units

                                at Berbera, British Somaliland, which was captured.

                                (Operation APPEARANCE)

                                On release from APPEARANCE deployed for convoy defence

                                and interception patrol in Indian Ocean.

 

April                       Passage to Seychelles for escort of ss TALAMBA.

                                Deployed with HM Cruiser CANBERRA (RAN) as escort for ss

                                TALAMBA from Seychelles to join military convoy WS6 on

                                passage from Mombasa to Aden.

                10th        Joined WS6 and relieved HM Cruisers CORNWALL and PHOEBE as

                                Ocean Escort.

                                (Note: HM Cruiser DORSETSHIRE remained with WS6)

                13th        Detached from WS6 and resumed interception patrol duties in

                                conjunction with HM Cruiser COLOMBO.

                24th        At Mombasa with HMS COLOMBO.

                28th        Joined military convoy WS7 as Ocean Escort with HMS

                                COLOMBO as relief for HM Cruiser HAWKINS.

                                (Note: WS7 included troopships on passage to Aden and Bombay.)

 

May

                1st           Remained with WS7 when convoy divided into sections for Aden

                                and Bombay (WS7X)

                3rd          Detached from WS7 Ocean Escort when convoy dispersed on its

                                arrival off Perim

                20th        During passage from Aden to Colombo diverted to carry out search for

                                commerce raider PINGUIN known to be active in Indian Ocean.

 

June                        Indian Ocean interception patrol and convoy defence duties in

to                            continuation, including call at Singapore.

September

 

October

                17th        Joined military convoy WS11X as Ocean Escort for passage to Bombay

                                after it had detached from WS11 during passage from Durban.

                22nd       Detached from WS11X on arrival at Bombay and resumed patrol duties.

 

November

                17th        Joined military convoy WS12 during passage from Durban to Aden and

                                detached as Ocean Escort for new convoy WS12J during passage to

                                Colombo.

                                (Note: WS12J comprised the troopships DUCHESS OF RICHMOND,

                                DOMINION MONARCH and EMPRESS OF CANADA.)

                23rd        Detached from WS12J on arrival at Colombo.

                24th        Deployed as Ocean Escort for DOMINION MONARCH and

                                EMPRESS OF CANADA as Convoy WS12 during passage in

                                Indian Ocean to Singapore.

                26th        Relieved by HM Cruiser DRAGON as Ocean Escort for rest of

                                passage to Singapore and returned to Colombo as escort for ss AWATEA.

                30th        Resumed Indian Ocean patrol duties on arrival at Colombo

 

December              Deployed in Bay of Bengal.

                9th          Opened fire and sank Royal Indian Navy Patrol Vessel HMIS

                                PRABNAVATI which had been mistakenly identified as a

                                Japanese submarine. Landed survivors at Bombay.

                                (Note: This 500 ton ship had been requisitioned by the RIN).

 

1 9 4 2

 

January                  Convoy defence and patrol in continuation.

to

February

 

March                    Passage from Durban with HM Armed Merchant Cruiser

                                WORCESTERSHIRE to reinforce escort for military convoy.

                25th        Joined HMS NEWCASTLE and HM Sloop MILFORD as

                                Ocean Escort for military convoy WS16.

                                (Note: HMS NEWCASTLE detached later that day.)

 

April                       Nominated for repair and refit in USA.

                1st           Detached from WS16 on relief by HM Cruiser COLOMBO

                                and HM Armed Merchant Cruiser ALAUNIA.

                                (Note: Japanese naval units were known to be operating in

                                Indian Ocean. See WAR WITH JAPAN (HMSO).)

                                Took return passage to Mombasa.

                                Prepared for passage to USA and sailed from Mombasa.

 

May

                6th          Taken in hand for repair and refit by US Navy Yard in New York.

 

June                        Under refit.

to                            (Note: Work done included

                                Main armament Fire-control Radar Type 284, Aircraft warning

July                         Fire-control Radars Type 285 and 282, Aircraft warning Radar

                                Radar Type 281 installation and Radar Type 286M replaced by

                                new Type 271.

                                Close range AA armament improved by fit of additional 20mm

                                Oerlikon guns.)

 

August                  On completion of Post Refit trials took passage to UK to complete radar

                                installations at Portsmouth.

 

September             On completion of refit work carried out trials off Portsmouth..

                3rd          Joined 10th Cruiser Squadron and worked-up at Scapa Flow.

 

October                  Resumed operational service with Squadron in Home Fleet

                                based at Scapa Flow.

 

November              Home Fleet deployment in continuation.

 

December              Under repair at Clyde commercial shipyard.

 

1 9 4 3

 

January                  Rejoined Squadron in Home Fleet.

                20th        Deployed with HM Cruisers BERMUDA and KENT to provide cruiser

                                cover against attack on Russian Convoy JW52 and return convoy RA52

                                during transit.

                                (Note: For details of all Russian Convoy operations see CONVOYS TO

                                RUSSIA by RA Ruegg, CONVOY ! by P Kemp, ARCTIC

                                CONVOYS by R Woodman and THE RUSSIAN CONVOYS by

                                B Schoefield.)

 

February                Deployed with Squadron for Home Fleet duties.

                                Provided cover for Atlantic convoys based in Iceland.

                23rd        Dragged anchor at Seidisfjord and grounded.

                                Towed clear by tugs.

 

March

                2nd         Deployed with HM Battleships KING GEORGE V and

                                HOWE to provide Distant Cover for return passage of

                                Convoy RA53 from Kola Inlet. See references.

                30th        Deployed for Northern Patrol based in Iceland.

                                During Area WHITE Patrol in Denmark Strait intercepted German

                                blockade runner REGENSBERG on passage from Japan. Enemy

                                ship scuttled on approach. Six survivors were rescued.

 

April                       Home Fleet deployment for interception and convoy defence

                                in continuation.

 

May                        Transferred to Plymouth Command for interception of coastal

                                shipping and blockade runners in SW Approaches.

 

June

                12th        Deployed to cover destroyer operations against French coastal

                                shipping with HMS BERMUDA.

                20th        Deployed in Bay of Biscay and SW Approaches to cover HM Escort

                                Aircraft Carrier ARCHER and frigates of Escort Group B5 during

                                anti-submarine operations.

                                (For details of the offensive carried out against U-Boats in transit

                                to and from Atlantic convoy routes see HITLER’S U-BOAT

                                WAR by C Blair, THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC by D

                                Macintyre, U-BOAT WAR IN THE ATLANTIC (HMSO) and

                                Naval Staff History).

                29th        Provided Ocean Escort for ships of 1st Minelaying Squadron

                                during minelay in Northern Barrage.

                                (Operation SN22A – See Naval Staff History (Mining).)

 

July                         Channel deployment in continuation.

                20th        Deployed with HM Destroyers ATHABASKAN (RCN),

                                IROQUOIS (RCN) and Polish ORP ORKAN for offensive

                                patrol in Bay of Biscay.

 

August                  Under refit by HM Dockyard Devonport.

to                            (Note: Aircraft facilities removed. Additional 20mm weapons

September             fitted to improve Close Rage air defence. Radar outfits

                                modernised with new Fire-Control Type 283 fitted. IFF

                                equipment was installed and VHF radio-telephone outfits.

 

October                  On completion transferred to Portsmouth Command in continuation.0

                27th        Embarked First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham

                                and Lady Dudley Pound for ceremonial interment of Admiral

                                of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound whose ashes were scattered 30

                                miles off Nab Tower.

 

November              Deployed in English Channel and SW Approaches to cover

                                attacks on French coastal shipping (Operation TUNNEL Series)

 

December              Interception patrol and covering duties in continuation.

                12th        Deployed with HM Cruiser GAMBIA NNW of Azores to

                                intercept blockade runners known to be on passage from Far East

                                (Operation STONEWALL).

                27th        After sighting by SUNDERLAND aircraft, redeployed with HM Cruisers

                                ENTERPRISE, PENELOPE and ARIADNE to intercept blockade runner

                                ALSTERUFER.

                                In action with German destroyers and torpedo boats sent to meet blockade

                                runner and with HMS ENTERPRISE sank destroyer Z25 and torpedo

                                boats T25 and T26.

                                Sustained slight structural damage from splinters.

                                ALSTERUFER was abandoned after air attacks and later sank.

                                62 survivors were rescued.

                28th        Under attack by Glider Bombs controlled by aircraft whilst on passage to

                                Plymouth with HMS ENTERPRISE after engagement

                29th        Arrived at Plymouth.

 

1 9 4 4

 

January                  Convoy defence, cover and interception patrol duties in

to                            continuation.

April                       Nominated for support of planned allied landings in Normandy

                                (Operation NEPTUNE)

                                Allocated for service with Western Task Force under US Navy

                                Command in Bombarding Force C with US Battleships USS

                                TEXAS and ARKANSAS, Free French Cruisers MONTCALM and

                                GEORGES LEYGUES, nine US Navy destroyers and three RN

                                HUNT Class Destroyers.

                                (For details of naval activities before and during NEPTUNE See

                                LANDINGS IN NORMANDY. June 1944 (HMSO) and

                                OPERATION NEPTUNE by K Edwards.)

                                Prepared for bombardment duties.

 

May                        Took part in bombardment exercises in Cape Wrath area.

 

June

                3rd          Passage from Belfast to Channel with ships of Force C.

                4th          Operation postponed for 24 hours.

                5th          Passage through Swept Channel to OMAHA Beach head with Convoy O1

                                from St Albans Head.

                6th          Provided covering fire during landings on OMAHA Beaches with ships

                                of Force C,

                7th          Remained off beaches to provide naval support gunfire as required.

                                (Note: Replenished ammunition and supplies during Build-Up Phase and

                                returned to Assault area

                20th        Nominated for naval bombardment of defences of Cherbourg and took

                                passage to Portland to join Task Force 129.

                21st         At Portland for briefing. See references

                                Joined Bombardment Group No 1 with HMS ENTERPRISE, US cruisers

                                TUSCALOOSA, QUINCY and NEVADA.

                                (Note: British 9th Minesweeping Flotilla and US 159th Minesweeping

                                Flotilla were part of Group 1 with screen of six US Navy destroyers.

                24th        Sailed from Portland with Task Force.

                25th        Carried out preliminary bombardment with ships of Group 1 from position

                                25,000 yards NW of Cherbourg

                                (For details see LANDINGS IN NORMANDY.)

                                On completion of preliminary bombardment took passage with ships of

                                Group 1 to Fire Support Area No.3 for close range joint bombardment of

                                defences with Groups 1 and 2 after mine clearance..

                                Under heavy shore fire before minesweep completed and carried out

                                bombardment to north of Fire Support Area.

                                Sustained damage by two direct hits and one near miss.

                                (Note: Structural damage in hangar area and aft with damage

                                to electric cabling and fire control equipment. See reference)

                30th        Withdrawn from Western Task Force.

 

July                         Withdrawn from operational service and took passage to Tyne

                                Called at Belfast during passage for refit in commercial shipyard.

                3rd          Arrived in Tyne.

                                Paid-off and taken in hand for refit and repair to action damage.

 

August                  Under refit and repair

to                            (Note: Modern radar were fitted together with an Aircraft Homing

December              Beacon (Outfit YE). Type 281B with single aerial replaced

                                Air Warning Type 281 which required use of both masts.

                                Type 293 replaced Surface Warning Type 273. Type 274

                                new Gunnery radar replaced Type 284 for main armament.

                                “X” Turret removed.

1 9 4 5

 

January                  Refit and repair in continuation

to

May

 

June                        Re-commissioned for service and post refit trials.

                29th        Dockyard work completed.

July                         Prepared for foreign service with East Indies Fleet

                                Worked-up for operational war service in Mediterranean.

 

August

                22nd       Sailed to join Fleet in East Indies with HM Cruiser JAMAICA.

 

P o s t   W a r   N o t e s

 

HMS GLASGOW arrived at Colombo on 5th October to relieve HM Cruiser PHOEBE as Flagship of 5th Cruiser Squadron, After two years on Station the ship returned to Portsmouth and was placed in Reserve. Re-commissioned in September 1948 after a refit she was deployed on the America and West Indies Station. She attended the bicentenary celebrations at Halifax, Nova Scotia and carried out visits and exercises on Station until October 1950. The ship was then refitted at Chatham 1951 and joined the Mediterranean Fleet as Flagship in 1952. Whilst deployed in that role she attended the Coronation Review at Spithead with the CinC as well as carrying out the standard visits and exercises in the Mediterranean.  Here final commission from May 1955 she was Flagship of the Flag Officer (Flotillas) in the Home Fleet until being Paid-off at Portsmouth in November 1956. Whilst in Reserve at Portsmouth she was placed on the Disposal List in 1958 and sold to BISCO for demolition by Hughes Bolckow at Blyth where she arrived in tow on 8 July that year.

 

 


 

Addenda

 

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS GLASGOW

by Don Kindell

 

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above

 

 

 

 

 

Date convoy sailed

Joined convoy as escort

Convoy No.

Left convoy

Date convoy arrived

 

 

 

 

 

04/10/39

22/10/39

KJ 003

24/10/39

28/10/39

30/11/39

02/12/39

HN 003

04/12/39

04/12/39

05/12/39

05/12/39

ON 004/1

08/12/39

08/12/39

29/12/39

29/12/39

ON 006/1

01/01/40

01/01/40

06/01/40

06/01/40

ON 007/1

09/01/40

09/01/40

09/01/40

09/01/40

HN 007

12/01/40

12/01/40

15/01/40

17/01/40

ON 008/1

19/01/40

19/01/40

19/01/40

19/01/40

HN 008

22/01/40

22/01/40

24/01/40

25/01/40

ON 009/1

27/01/40

27/01/40

27/01/40

27/01/40

HN 009A

31/01/40

31/01/40

19/02/41

28/02/41

FORCE Z

07/03/41

07/03/41

30/10/41

30/10/41

BA 008

04/11/41

04/11/41

21/12/41

21/12/41

BM 009A

25/12/41

03/01/42

22/12/41

27/12/41

BM 009B

31/12/41

06/01/42

08/01/42

13/01/42

BM 010

18/01/42

25/01/42

19/01/42

22/01/42

BM 011

26/01/42

29/01/42

16/02/42

16/02/42

JS 003

17/02/42

17/02/42

13/02/42

17/02/42

BM 013

25/02/42

25/02/42

17/01/43

21/01/43

JW 052

24/01/43

27/01/43

29/01/43

30/01/43

RA 052

02/02/43

09/03/43

01/03/43

04/03/43

RA 053

05/03/43

14/03/43

17/11/43

05/12/43

MKF 026

06/12/43

09/12/43

03/02/44

15/02/44

MKF 028A

unknown

20/02/44

02/03/44

09/03/44

MKF 029

16/03/44

16/03/44

 

 

 

 

 

(Note on Convoys)

 


 

BOMBING ATTACK OF 9th APRIL 1940 on HMS GLASGOW

Transcribed by Don Kindell

SECRET

 

Subject: Bombing Attack on the 18th Cruiser Squadron on 9th April 1940 and Damage sustained by H.M.S. GLASGOW

 

From:  THE COMMANDING OFFICER, H.M.S. GLASGOW

Date:  18th APRIL 1940                       No. 0460/017

 

To:  THE VICE ADMIRAL COMMANDING, EIGHTEEN CRUISER SQUADRON

 

 

The following report is submitted, departmental reports are being forwarded as enclosures.

 

2.  Weather Conditions

 

Visibility maximum

 

Weather – blue sky with strong sun, cumulus cloud varying in density from 1/10 – 8/10 covered.

 

Sea – 3-4

 

Wind – NE force 5

 

3.  Method of Attack

 

Between approximately 1430 and 1500, a number of dive bombing attacks were made by individual aircraft.  At 1445, one such attack on H.M.S. GLASGOW delivered from the starboard quarter resulted in two very near misses port side.  Gunfire was impeded by the fine angle of approach but the aircraft was engaged by close range weaponsShip's course 340 degrees – speed 17 knots.

 

4.  Two bombs of 250 – 500 lbs. Weight were released at a height of about 1500 feet while still in the dive.  It is considered probable that they fell about 15 feet from the ship's side, one bursting on impact abreast 70 station and the other under water further forward.

 

5.  State of ship at 1445

 

Hands were at Action Stations, all men not required for fighting the A.A. armament being off the upper deck.  All ratings between decks were distributed as far as possible throughout the ship.  The upward trend of the splinters again being demonstrated the value of men lying flat on the deck away from the ship's side.  Had this not been enforced casualties would have been greater.

 

6.  Doors, hatches, and ventilation were in the action state.

 

7.  Damage sustained

 

A large proportion of the bomb which burst on impact entered the ship three feet above the lower deck level, holding an area of approximately six feet by three feet; in addition further penetration of the ship's side was caused by scattered splinters of varying size numbering about sixty.  A further effect of the bomb was blast which blew in four dead lights, one of which coming inboard was responsible for the death of a rating.  Considerable quantities of water entered with movement of the ship, and the messdecks between 53 – 74 stations were about one foot under water.  Certain subsidiary flooding occurred and minor underwater damage further for'd was experienced, probably as a result of the other bomb.

 

8.  'A' turret was temporarily out of action (see Appendix III).

 

9.  Details of the damage are given in the Appendices.

 

10.  Action Repairs

 

A good deal of smoke and debris impeded a rapid examination of the area affected but at 1500 my Executive Officer was able to report that there was no considerable flooding and by 1515, it had been ascertained that the lower deck was intact and that there were only very minor leaks below it.  Power had by this time been restored to ÒAÓ turret.

 

11.  Until a more complete inspection of the structural damage could be made and the holes blocked to get flooding under control, a request was made that speed should not be increased except in case of emergency.  The obvious damage in frames and plates made it doubtful at this time whether high speed could be possible even when shored.

 

12.  By 1540, a complete inspection had been made and shoring was well under way.  My signal times 1547 reported that the ship would be ready for service and high speeds in half an hour's time.  Shoring was completed and all important holes blocked by 1700.

 

13.  Work was then started in building cofferdams of wood and cement round important hatches on the lower deck, such as lower steering position, to preserve access to them should the ship go further down by the bow due to further damage or the displacement of puddings.  These were completed by 2230.

 

14.  That evening, the ship was steamed at speeds up to 26 knots and the following day 30 knots was maintained for a considerable period.

 

15.  Harbour repairs

 

On the following day, 10th April, the ship was ordered to Scapa and plates were prepared on passage to effecting more permanent repairs.

 

16.  The ship anchored at 1905, but subsequently nearly two hours' work were lost due to an air raid.

 

17.  At midnight, the Base Engineer Officer and Mr. Mackenzie of Metal Industries estimated that good temporary repairs could be effected in forty eight hours.  Twenty two hours later, the ship proceeded to sea and the repairs which were done entirely by the ship's staff have stood up to a week of hard steaming.

 

18.  Casualties

 

I regret to report the following casualties

 

Killed

 

Eric William Sizer, Acting Leading Signalman, P/JX 138361

 

Arthur Gudger, Stoker 2nd Class, P/KX 97026

 

Wounded

 

Royston Walter Burrows, Ordinary Signalman, P/SSX 23322 (since died)

 

Robert Nisbet Milligan, Able Seaman, P/JX 132375

 

Robert George Edwards, Able Seaman, P/JX 144393

 

Ivor Stuart Lockier, Signalman, P/JX 145592

 

David Cowper Pattie, Ordinary Signalman, P/SSX 25072

 

19.  The wounded were transferred to H.M. Hospital Ship AMARAPOORA on arrival in harbour.

 

20.  Recommendations

 

Detailed recommendations are included in the Appendices, but the following are most strongly urged: 

 

(a).  At least two tons of rapid hardening cement or alternatively one ton of Portland cement and one ton of ciment fondu should be carried in war time.

 

(b).  A supply of tongued and grooved 9" by 3" deals should be carried for building cofferdams.  (These could be made into mess tables to facilitate stowage).

 

(c).  All water tight hatches situated on the lower deck which lead to important compartments below should have higher coamings where possible level to the deck head.

 

(d).  Second Welding set.  It is strongly recommended that a second single point welding set should be carried.

 

21.  Bomb splinters have been forwarded to the Admiral Commanding, Orkneys and Shetlands, in accordance with Orkneys and Shetlands General Memorandum No. 249.

 

22.  Copies of Appendices II and III are being forwarded under separate cover to the Director of Electrical Engineering, the Director of Naval Construction and the Captain, H.M.S. VERNON in accordance with C.A.F.O.@s 3376/39 and 2833/39.

 

Damage Control Organisation

 

23.  The damage control organisation worked smoothly, and the work of the repair parties in bringing the ship back to full efficiency so rapidly is worth of high praise.  The direct credit for this, under my Executive Officer, must go to Lieutenant (E) Horatio Peter Bowen Evans, Royal Navy, Damage Control Officer, and Mr. Albert Groves, Warrant Shipwright, Royal Navy.

 

24.  The behaviour of all officers and ratings, both immediately after the damage occurred and during the subsequent repairs, was exemplary, and morale was quite unaffected during the subsequent attacks.

 

25.  The energy, initiative and fine example shown by the following ratings is worthy of special mention:

 

Chief E.R.A. 2nd Class John Edward Milne, P/M 24939

 

Chief Stoker Percy John Bowen, P/K 66145

 

Chief Shipwright 2nd Class Gilbert Henry Robinson, P/M 15163

 

Stoker 1st Class Leslie Price, P/K 95358

 

26.  The whole of this creditable state of affairs is basically due to the skilled organisation, cool leadership, and personality of my Executive Officer, Commander John Wilson Cuthbert, Royal Navy, whole name I should particularly like to bring to your notice.

 

 

                                                                                                            (Signed)                  F.H. Pegram

                                                                                                                                                 CAPTAIN

 

back to Contents List
or Naval-History.Net

revised 5/6/11
further editing and formatting is required