1 9 3 8
4th Build completion and commenced
completion of trials took passage took passage to
for service in 4th Cruise Squadron on East Indies Station
for service in Home waters
to join Squadron.
with Squadron in Indian Ocean and took part in exercises and visits Programme.
1 9 3 9
deployment with 4th on East Indies Station in continuation
D e t a i l s o f
W a r S e r v i c e
(for more ship information,
Naval History Homepage
and type name in Site Search
up War Station and deployed in
Indian Ocean for interception of blockade
out Patrol and Trade Protection duty in
Indian Ocean between
for return to Home waters for service in 18th Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet.
14th Took passage to
25th Arrived at
in hand for repair.
21st On completion of repair work carried
out sea trials.
passage to Scapa Flow
24th Joined 18th Cruiser Squadron.
1 9 4 0
for interception of mercantiles to enforce Blockade and commerce raiders on
Atlantic in NW Approaches and
North Sea for attacks on shipping.
on Northern Patrol.
21st During search for blockade runners in
Atlantic intercepted GERMAN freighter WAHEHE with
Destroyer KIMBERLEY (Operation WR).
ship boarded and taken as Prize
details of this type of operation see ARMED MERCHANT CRUISERS by K. Poolman)
North Sea for trade defence and interception in continuation
Flagship of Squadron.)
as escort for Convoy ON25 on passage to
8th Detached from escort of Convoy ON25 to
Norway after German troops landed in
Home Fleet ships on passage to cover landings of allied troops in
Norway with HM
SOUTHAMPTON, HM Destroyers JANUS, JAVELIN, GRENADE and ECLIPSE.
9th Under air attack on Home Fleet in
This the first encounter by the Home Fleet at sea by enemy aircraft and
HM Destroyer GURKHA (i) was lost. For details see Naval Staff History
with HM Cruisers GLASGOW,
SHEFFIELD and SOUTHAMPTON screened by
destroyers for an attack German warships reported at
on passage to rejoin Fleet.
out search for German transports in Inner Leads without success and returned to
to refuel and re-ammunition.
12th Escorted military convoy NP1 taking
troops for landings at Narvik with HM Cruisers
CAIRO screened by destroyers
14th Escorted troopships EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA
and CHOBRY on passage to Namsos with
BIRMINGHAM and HMS CAIRO screened by HM Destroyers VANOC, WHIRLWIND
changed to Lillesjona because of air threat and poor harbour facilities at
See above reference.)
15th Troops disembarked into destroyers for
19th Return passage too Rosyth.
21st Embarked troops of 15 Infantry Brigade
22nd Took passage to
Norway with HM Cruisers BIRMINGHAM and
HM Destroyers ACHERON, ARROW and
25th Landed troops at Andalsnes to reinforce
26th Deployed for patrol to cover destroyer
operation off Trondheim.
28th Passage to
Scapa Flow to replenish prior to further
support duties off
1st Assisted in Andalsnes evacuation with
HM Cruisers BIRMINGHAM and
Troops ferried from shore by HM Destroyers DIANA, DELIGHT, INGLEFIELD,
10th Diverted during passage to
Scapa Flow with HM Cruiser
SHEFFIELD to provide cover for
of HM Destroyer KELLY to Tyne estuary after being disabled in an engagement with E
26th Transferred to Nore Command at Hunter
with HMS SHEFFIELD and HMS BIRMINGHAM
support of evacuation operations and anti-invasion operations.
Details of the disastrous
Norwegian sea operations are available in above reference.
THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by C. Barnett, NARVIK by D. MacIntyre
THE DOOMED EXPEDITION by Jack Adams).
at Rosyth for anti-invasion duty.
refit at Portsmouth Dockyard
completion based at Rosyth in continuation.
31st Transferred to
Humber for anti-invasion duties with
18th Cruiser Squadron.
for anti-invasion patrol duty and convoy escort in
4th Returned to
Scapa Flow with ships of 18th Cruiser
9th Bombarded Cherbourg with HM Battleship
REVENGE and destroyers of 5th Destroyer Flotilla.
for service in Mediterranean to reinforce the Fleet at
15th Took passage to join Mediterranean Fleet
and carried troops to
Destroyers JAGUAR and KELVIN provided escort for passage to
23rd Escorted Malta convoy of three merchant
ships to Gibraltar with HMS SOUTHAMPTON
Force F (Operation COLLAR).
25th Met HMS RENOWN, HMS ARK ROYAL, HMS
SHEFFIELD and destroyers of Force H
Gibraltar to cover passage to
Malta and for the return of HMS
RAMILLIES and HM
BERWICK from Alexandria to
27th Took part in engagement at long range
with two Italian battleships and six cruisers with escorts,
all withdrew (Battle of Spartivento).
Vice Admiral Sir James Somerville's decision not to pursue the enemy ships but
the convoy was the subject of a Board of Enquiry which found in his favour.
details see Naval Staff History HMSO – 2002).
28th Disembarked troops in
Malta and went to
Alexandria with Mediterranean Fleet.
2nd Passage to
8th Passage from
Gibraltar escorted by HM Destroyers
KASHMIR, KELVIN, JERSEY and
11th Arrived at
Plymouth and took passage to
13th Rejoined Horns Fleet at
1 9 4 1
in Tyne shipyard.
Air warning radar Type 279 fitted.
details of the development and use of radar in RN see RADAR AT
18th On completion of Post Refit trials took
passage to rejoin Home Fleet.
on Northern Patrol with HM Cruisers
BIRMINGHAM and ARETHUSA.
6th Covered ships of 1st Minelaying
Squadron during minelay in Northern Barrage.
7th During Northern Patrol duty diverted
to intercept German weather ship MUNCHEN with
Cruisers EDINBURGH and
BIRMINGHAM screened by four Fleet
ship scuttled but ENIGMA machine thrown overboard by German captain.
Rotor elements and associated documentation were recovered by a party from
SOMALI before ship sank and taken to
UK by HMS NESTOR.
This operations was specifically intended to recover an ENIGMA machine
details see BRITISH INTELLIGENCE IN WW2 (Ed. Hinsley) and
THE ENIGMA by D Kahn)
22nd Established patrol line between
Iceland and Faeroes with HM Cruisers
BIRMINGHAM to intercept any break-out of
Iceland after loss of HMS HOOD in case
BISMARCK should try to
3rd Returned to
Scapa Flow and resumed Northern Patrol.
2nd Detached during patrol to reinforce
Malta relief convoy.
11th Passage to
Gibraltar with HM Battleship NELSON, HM
Cruisers EDINBURG and
screened by Home Fleet destroyers.
21st Joined Force X with HM Cruisers
EDINBURGH, ARETHUSA and MANXMAN for
of convoy to
Malta covered by HM Battlecruiser
RENOWN, HM Battleship
HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL and HM Cruiser HERMIONE with destroyer
from Force H. (Operation SUBSTANCE).
This also covered of supply ship HMS BRECONSHIRE
Naval Staff History, ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY, THE
THE MEDITERRANEAN by D MacIntyre and
MALTA CONVOYS by
23rd Under sustained air attacks and hit on
starboard side aft in boiler room by torpedo.
of damage necessitated return on one shaft to
Gibraltar with escort by HM Destroyers
AVON VALE, VIDETTE, VIMY and WISHART
26th Under temporary repair at
Gibraltar by HM Dockyard
repair arranged in
17th Sailed to
Gibraltar with HM Destroyer FIREDRAKE
by HM Destroyer HEYTHROP from
Gibraltar to 25 degrees west.
23rd Commenced refit in Philadelphia Navy
Yard. Under refit
refit and repair
1 9 4 2
Some work was carried out to prepare for installation of RN equipment such as
out harbour trials
3rd On completion of Post Refit sea trials
took passage to Bermuda.
out further trials and Shakedown
passage to Portsmouth
Portsmouth to completed refit work and special modifications not
possible in US
Installation of Fire control Radars Types 284 and Type 285 for main and
and of new RN design 10cm Type 273 surface warning radar.)
2nd Rejoined Home Fleet at
Scapa Flow for Northern Patrol and convoy
1st Detached to cover minelay by ships of
1st Minelaying Squadron in Northern Barrage
completion resumed Northern Patrol duties.
25th Detached with HM Destroyer ECLIPSE to
take supplies and personnel to relieve garrison
Spitzbergen (Operation GEARBOX).
3rd Passage to join HM Battleship HMS DUKE
US battleship USS
HM Aircraft Carrier VICTORIOUS, HM Cruisers
NIGERIA for provision of Distant Cover
for Russian Convoy PQ17.
details of all Russian convoy operations see CONVOYS TO RUSSIA by RA Ruegg,
! by P Kemp, ARCTIC CONVOYS by R Woodman and THE RUSSIAN
by B Schoefield.).
The disastrous dispersal of this convoy is well documented in the above
4th After dispersal of PQ17 returned to
Scapa Flow with Home Fleet ships.
for support of passage to
Malta of relief convoy.
3rd Detached with HM Cruisers
KENYA to escort of
Malta supply convoy with
other Home Fleet ships including
HM Ships NELSON, RODNEY, VICTORIOUS and
screened by Fleet destroyers.
10th Joined Force X with HM Ships
CAIRO screened by Home Fleet
for escort of convoy to
was subjected to air and submarine attacks (Operation PEDESTAL).
details see BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN by D. Macintyre, PEDESTAL
MALTA CONVOYS by R Woodman. and Naval
12th During series of E-Boat attacks near
Pantellaria hit by two torpedoes fired by Italian
Boats MAS16 and MAS22
struck amidships on starboard side with major flooding in machinery
the port outer shaft could be used and ship was completely disabled with a 12
13th Hope of Damage Control work to
sufficiently control flooding and enable ship to return
Gibraltar abandoned and scuttling charges
of ship's company rescued by H M Destroyers PATHFINDER and ESKIMO).
charges proved ineffective and as the ship remained afloat its hulk was sunk by
fired from HMS PATHFINDER.
of the other survivors crew managed to get ashore in
Tunisia and were interned by
Vichy French authorities in conditions which can only described as horrendous
compassion. They were held in appalling circumstances until allied force
Tunisia after landings in
North Africa (Operation TORCH). (Casualty