1 9 3 9
August Prepared for war service and
Reservist personnel joined.
September Joined Western Approaches Command
at Plymouth for service in 15th Destroyer Flotilla.
ships in Flotilla were HM Destroyers VANITY, VANSITTART, VOLUNTEER,
WITHERINGTON and WOLVERINE.
13th Deployed with HM Destroyer WHIRLWIND as escort for outward
Convoy OB4 for initial
stage of passage in SW Approaches.
(Note: In the
early months of WW2 Convoys were escorted to a Dispersal point south of
Ireland from whence they proceeded
October Western Approaches convoy
escort and patrol deployment in continuation.
Escorts were provided for inward bound Trade Convoys which were met after
December southward convoys dispersed or by
special arrangement. See ALLIED CONVOY
SYSTEM by A Hague for details of convoy identities.)
1 9 4 0
3rd Relieved HM Destroyer ACTIVE as escort for inward Convoy
HG13F in SW Approaches with HM
Destroyer VETERAN for final stage of passage into Liverpool from Gibraltar.
5th Detached from HG13F with escort on
10th Deployed with HM Sloop ENCHANTRESS and HM Destroyer WARWICK
as escort for outward
Convoy OG14F on
formation in SW Approaches.
HMS WARWICK leaving HMS ENCHANTRESS as escort and took passage to join
inward Convoy HG14F in SW Approaches as escort to
11th Joined HM Sloops ABERDEEN, BIDEFORD and
LEITH in escort of HG14 with HM
WARWICK and WITCH.
15th Detached with escort on arrival at Liverpool.
February Western Approaches deployment
for convoy defence in continuation.
details of U-Boat deployments in 1939-40 see U-BOAT WAR IN THE ATLANTIC
(HMSO) and HITLER’S U-BOAT WAR Vol 1 by C
25th Deployed with HM Sloop
ABERDEEN, HM Destroyers CAMPBELL, WALKER
as escort for outward Convoy OG23 to
Gibraltar on formation in SW Approaches
during initial stage
of passage to
26th Detached from OG23 with HMS WALKER and HMS VOLUNTEER.
April Remained in Western
Approaches for convoy defence after German invasion of
WOLVERINE was transferred soon after these attacks.
27th Transferred to Home Fleet for support of evacuation of allied
29th Passage to Andalsnes with HM Destroyers SOMALI, MASHONA,
SIKH, WALKER and
screen for HM Cruisers SHEFFIELD, ARETHUSA and GALATEA for
evacuation of troops (Operation ALPHABET)
30th Detached with HMS SIKH on arrival and took passage to Alfarnes.
150 troops grounded and towed clear by HMS SIKH.
1st Independent passage to Scapa Flow with troops.
(For details of
the disastrous operations off
Norway see NAVAL OPERATIONS OF THE
NORMAN (HMSO), NARVIK by D Macintyre, CARRIER GLORIOUS
by J Winton and THE DOOMED EXPEDITION by J
3rd Resumed Western Approaches convoy defence duties with
Flotilla based at
deployed for evacuation at
for visual signalling purposes changed to I74 to conform to alterations of
identities for RN warships.).
June Deployed for support of
evacuation of allied troops from French Channel Ports.
6th Deployed at Boulogne for support of evacuation.
7th Provided naval gunfire support during
evacuation at Treport with HM Destroyer VESPER.
See BEF SHIPS by
J de Winser,
On release from
CYCLE resumed Western Approaches convoy defence.
July Deployed in Channel for
ant-invasion patrol and convoy defence.
August Transferred to
Liverpool in continuation of convoy
(Note: HQ of
Western Approaches was transferred to
Liverpool after routing arrangements
for mercantile traffic were changed to use NW Approaches.
30th Sailed from
Liverpool with ships of Group as escort for outward Convoy OG45
11th Detached from OG45 on arrival at Gibraltar.
20th Return Passage to
for inward Convoy HG47 to be confirmed)
Liverpool convoy escort deployment in
1 9 4 1
convoy defence with Group in continuation.
31st Deployed as escort for outward Convoy OB239 during passage
in Atlantic to
2nd Carried out anti-submarine operations with HM Corvette
PERIWINKLE and sank U147
in position 56.38N 10.24W, west of Skerryvore
in defence of outward Convoy OB329
of 41 ships.
(Note: U147 had
made a solo attack on OB329. There were no survivors.
For details see
HITLER’S U-BOAT WAR, Vol. I and U-BOATS DESTROYED by
6th Detached from OB329 when it dispersed
and returned to
were no loses from OB329.
Ship may have
joined an inward convoy as escort back to
July Atlantic convoy defence
12th Joined military Convoy WS9C in
Bristol Channel with Dutch AA cruiser HEEMSKERCK
ORP GARLAND, HM Destroyers GURKHA and VANOC as Local
passage in Irish Sea and NW Approaches.
convoy was part of Operation SUBSTANCE, the passage of a relief convoy
Malta. Other ships joined later for
Ocean Escort including HM Destroyers
LIGHTNING, MAORI, NESTER (RAN), SIKH, HM Battleship
NELSON, HM Cruisers MANCHESTER and ARETHUSA. See
CONVOYS by R Woodhead and Naval Staff
History for details.)
15th Detached from WS9C in NW Approaches with Local Escort and
returned to Clyde.
comprised nine ships.)
August Passage from
Gibraltar to join inward convoy SL81 of
18 ships during passage from
Freetown as reinforcement of escort to
Liverpool with HM Destroyer ST ALBANS
and HM Corvette HYDRANGEA
2nd Convoy sighted by U204 which remained in contact pending
arrival of other submarines
deployed in the area.
3rd SL81 under attack by U204 and U401.
depth charge attacks on U401 with HMS ST ALBANS and HMS HYDRANGEA
which was sunk without survivors.
4th Took part in defence of SL81 against submarine and aircraft
6th Enemy attacks ceased after additional air support provided
by RAF Coastal Command.
ships in SL81 were sunk. See above references.)
deployment in continuation.
1 9 4 2
January Atlantic convoy defence in continuation
to August (Note:
No notable operations have been traced but a number of convoys were escorted by
the group without any loss. See ALLIED CONVOYS.)
period Atlantic convoys were escorted throughout passage and refitted
in Canadian and US shipyards.)
refit or repair in US Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York.
Photograph in MAN O’WAR, Arms and Armour Press 1979.)
October Resumed Atlantic escort duties
December Nominated for conversion as Long
Class Destroyers by A
Preston and BRITISH DESTROYERS by E
1 9 4 3
January Taken in hand for refit and
conversion by HM Dockyard, Devonport.
February Under conversion
For details of the development of new antisubmarine weapons and of new tactics
April see SEEK
AND STRIKE by
W Hackmann, THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC by
D MacIntyre and BUSINESS IN GREAT WATERS by J Terraine.
May Post refit trials and
work-up at Tobermory for operational service.
June Resumed Atlantic convoy
defence with 1st British Escort Group.
Nominated for service in support of planned allied landings in Sicily (Operation
1st Sailed from
Clyde as part of escort for Follow-up military convoy KMF19
in support of allied
9th Detached from KMF19 and took passage to join Escort Group V
of Support Force Eastern
for deployment in support of HUSKY operations.
For details see
BRITISH INVASION FLEETS by J de Winser and the Naval
release from HUSKY deployed with Group for convoy defence in western
and Atlantic with HM Destroyers HURRICANE and WATCHMAN.
defence deployment in continuation.
Escorted outward joint Convoy OG92/KMS24 during passage in Atlantic to Gibraltar.
23rd Carried out anti-submarine operations in defence of convoy
after receipt of sighting and
attack on U523 by
WELLINGTON aircraft of 179 Squadron RAF
25th Following radar and sonar contact on U523 carried out depth
charge and Hedgehog attacks
with HM Corvette WALLFLOWER. Submarine forced to surface
engaged by main armament.
abandoned and 37survivors rescued U523 sank in position 43.02N 18.002W
Vigo. See HITLER’S U-BOAT WAR Vol 2 and U-BOATS DESTROYED for details.
September Detached deployment for convoy
defence in continuation.
November Released from detached service
23rd Joined inward Convoy
MKS31G as escort during passage from
12th Convoy MKS 31 arrived at
convoy had merged with inward Convoy SL140 from
Ship may have
detached before arrival at
Resumed convoy defence in North
Atlantic with Group.
20th Deployed with HM Destroyers
WHITEHALL, WRESTLER, HM Fleet
Corvettes HONEYSUCKLE and OXLIP as Local Escort for Russian Convoy
passage from Loch Ewe to join Ocean Escort
(Note: This ship
may have detached after a seaman was rescued after falling overboard.
ARCTIC CONVOYS by R Woodman.)
1 9 4 4
January Atlantic convoy defence in
continuation and deployed in the Support role with HM Frigate
GLENARM and HM
17th During search for German blockade runner in Atlantic
intercepted U305 which was on return
passage to base in
France. Carried out
HEDGEHOG attack after weak sonar contact.
Admiralty policy remained in area and continued attacks. U305 was sunk
in position 49.39N 20.10W south west of
was shared with another ship, variously quoted as GERANIUM and GLENARM.
and THE U-BOAT PERIL by R F Whinney.
commanded this destroyer after her conversion and the book includes
further details of the period after April 1943.
February Nominated for deployment with HM Destroyer WATCHMAN, HM Frigates BYRON
STRULE as escort
for HM Escort Aircraft Carrier CHASER to join Russian Convoy JW57
during passage to provide air cover.
22nd Joined JW57.
27th Detached from JW57 and took passage to Faeroes to refuel.
2nd Return Convoy RA57 sailed from Kola Inlet with HMS CHASER.
(Note: Return of
this ship as part of RA57 defence is to be confirmed.)
10th RA57 arrived at Kola Inlet.
duties in Atlantic.
April Nominated for escort duty
with Escort Group 105 during allied landings in
English Channel and prepared for
NEPTUNE on release from Western
28th Escorted HM ML10 during menially off
Brittany (Operation HOSTILE 38).
(Note: This was
the last minelaying operation before D Day. See Naval Staff History.)
June Passage to Milford Haven
to join HM Frigate TAVY, HM Corvettes DIANELLA and GERANIUM
4th Escorted Convoy EBM2 comprising 30 MT Ships and five others
for passage from Bristol Channel
Solent with EG105 and HM Canadian Corvettes SUMMERSIDE,
5th Passage delayed by 24 hours.
6th On completion of loading of nine MT ships escorted EMB2
through swept channel to Eastern
Task Force unloading area off Normandy.
7th Return passage to
9th Deployed with Group for escort of
25th After termination of
NEPTUNE retained in Channel for escort
5th During escort of northbound convoy off
Pointe de Barfleur with HMS TAVY detected submarine
and carried out joint HEDGEHOG anti-submarine operations.
Sank U390 in position 49.52N 00.48W from which there was only one
HITLER’S U-BOAT WAR Vol 2 and U-BOATS DESTROYED.
deployment in continuation.
Increased submarine activity against coastal traffic in Home waters made
to escort and support requirements. See BUSINESS IN GREAT WATERS,
WAR and HOLD THE NARROW
SEA by P Smith.)
1 9 4 5
January Channel and SW Approaches
deployment in continuation
With the removal of the air threat from French bases Ocean convoys were re-routed
English Channel and St George’s
May After VE Day deployed
for support of re-occupation requirements.
Nominated for reduction to Reserve status.
June Paid-off and de-stored.
July Laid up pending
decision on disposal.