1 9 3 9
10th Build completion
and commenced Acceptance Trials.
at Portland on completion of
7th Flotilla as relief for HM Destroyer ESK and carried out Flotilla and Fleet
to join Humber Force at allocated War Station
D e t a i l s o f W a r
S e r v i c e
(for more ship information,
Naval History Homepage
and type name in Site Search)
for North Sea patrol to intercept enemy warships on
passage for attacks on Fleet units or to
as commerce raiders.
(For details of naval
deployments at outbreak of war see Naval Staff History and ENGAGE THE
CLOSELY by C. Barnett.)
2nd Carried out first
patrol off Norway.
22nd Involved in collision with HM Destroyer JERSEY
during patrol with HM Cruisers SOUTHAMPTON
in Skagerrak (Operation SK).
damage. Operation cancelled.
Taken in tow for repair in Tyne
23rd Repair by Hawthorn Leslie commenced
22nd During post repair trials prior to
rejoining Flotilla involved in a further collision with mercantile ss
Two ratings were killed in after messdeck and a third
was washed overboard but was
climb back on board.
Taken in tow by HM Destroyer
JUPITER and escorted to Middlesbrough for repair.
23rd Taken in hand for
repair by Smiths Dock.
November Under repair.
1 9 4 0
3rd On completion of post repair trials
rejoined Flotilla and deployed for convoy defence and patrol in
(Note: One source records that
on departure from Middlesbrough ship detonated mine
shaft and returned for repair. To be investigated.)
February Under repair.
completion deployed for North Sea convoy defence with
19th After sister ship HMS JERVIS sustained
major structural damage after collision with Swedish ss
escorted damaged destroyer to Tyne for repair.
for escort of Trinity House Ship PATRICIA during lay of navigation buoys in
5th Deployed with HM Destroyers JANUS, JUNO
and ECLIPSE as escort for Convoy ON25 on passage to
8th Returned to Kirkwall with convoy after German invasion of Norway.
9th Deployed with Flotilla for screening
of Home Fleet major units and support of military operations
Passage to Norwegian waters and under air attacks.
13th Escorted HM Battlecruiser REPULSE during
passage from Norwegian coast to Scapa Flow.
20th Deployed with HM Destroyers JACKAL as
escort for ST MAGNUS, ST SUNNIVA and
CEDARBANK during passage from Aberdeen
taking troops to reinforce landings at Andalsnes,
21st CEDARBANK sunk by torpedo during
Detached on arrival at Rombaksfjord.
Under air attacks.
22nd Escorted merchant ship to Alesund
This ship has insufficient coal to return to UK).
Under further air attacks.
23rd Took passage to UK
27th Deployed as escort
for HM Cruiser GLASGOW with HMS JAVELIN to Molde from Scapa Flow.
29th Sailed from Molde for Malangen Fjord near Tromso with
HMS JACKAL as escort for HMS
(Note: HMS GLASGOW had embarked
HM King Haakon of Norway
and members of the
Norwegian Government with a
quantity of bullion.
30th Detached with HMS JACKAL after
passengers disembarked from HMS GLASGOW at Malangen
resumed support duties.
Flotilla duties in support of Norwegian operations.
10th Deployed with HMS
JAVELIN as escort for military convoy to Norway.
11th On arrival diverted with convoy to Mo
for support of landing of the troops.
12th Provided naval gunfire support with HM
Cruiser ENTERPRISE during the
landings and came under sustained air attacks.
13th Returned to Scapa Flow.
(Note: For details of the
disastrous operations off Norway
see NARVIK by D
Macintyre, CARRIER GLORIOUS by J
Winton, THE DOOMED
EXPEDITION by J Adams
and The Naval Staff History.)
16th Transferred to 1st Flotilla and deployed
in Nore Command at Harwich for support of military
operations and North Sea convoy
19th Escorted HM Trawlers GRAMPIAN, PELTON,
JAMES LAY, MILFORD
PRINCES and CAPE MELVILLE
with HMS JAGUAR
Corvette PUFFIN to cut commercial cables for UK
off coast of Norfolk (Operation
27th Transferred to Dover Command with ships
of Flotilla to assist in evacuation
of allied troops from beaches and harbour at Dunkirk
28th Rescued survivors from merchant ship
sunk by torpedo. Remained off
and embarked troops from boats. Took passage to Dover with 900
(Note: Further men were not
embarked as ship stability affected by reduction in
29th Returned to Dunkirk after
disembarking troops at Dover.
Entered harbour to embark troops and under air attacks.
30th Took passage to Dover with 850
31st After return to Dunkirk
ordered to take passage to Sheerness for duty with
force and withdrawn from DYNAMO.
(For details of DYNAMO see NINE
DAYS AT DUNKIRK by AD Divine
Naval Staff History.)
Pennant Number for visual
signalling purposes changed to G61.
1st Arrived at
Sheerness and remained on call for new duties.
5th Released from duty at Sheerness and
took passage to Humber for delayed routine
docking and maintenance.
6th Taken in hand by Brigham and Cowan
shipyard in Hull
(Note: Modified RAF Air-Surface
radar set fitted during this period.
This was designated Naval Type
286. For details of development and
radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse.)
16th On completion transferred to 5th
Destroyer Flotilla based at Immingham for
and interception duties in North Sea.
(Note: Other ships in Flotilla
were HM Destroyers JACKAL, JUPITER,
KELVIN, KASHMIR and KIPLING, joined
later by HMS JACKAL.
Captain Lord Louis Mountbatten
was Senior Officer of the Flotilla and
in HMS JAVELIN during some patrols.
July North Sea deployment with
Flotilla in continuation.
for duty with Home Fleet at Scapa Flow
17th Deployed as escort for HM Auxiliary
Minelayers SOUTHERN PRINCE,
NAPIER, PORT QUEBEC
and MENESTHEUS of 1st Minelaying
HM Destroyers INGLEFIELD, JAGUAR. FIREDRAKE
(HM Cruiser CAIRO
as AA Guardship during minelay in Moray
North Sea Mine Barrier (Operation SN12 – See Naval Staff History (Mining).)
20th On completion resumed detached service
at Scapa Flow for patrol and screening duties.
with escort for initial stage of passage in NW Approaches for ships taking part
in planned landing of Free French troops at Dakar
1st Escorted damaged cruiser HMS FIJI to Clyde
HMS FIJI was part of assault force on passage to West Africa.)
On release from detached service
with Home Fleet resumed service with Flotilla.
with Flotilla to Plymouth Command for duties in English Channel.
(Note: This deployment was made
in consequence of the movement of the
German destroyers KARL GASTNER, HANS
LODY, FRIEDRICH IHN,
RICHARD BEITZEN and ERICH
STEINBRINK from Wilhemshaven
which posed a threat to convoys from mines and surface attacks.)
at Plymouth for interception
patrols and convoy defence
10th Joined HM Battleship REVENGE with H M
JUPITER, KASHMIR and KIPLING to carry out bombardment of Cherbourg.
Took part in bombardment covered
by HM Cruisers NEWCASTLE and EMERALD,
11th On completion escorted HMS REVENGE with
ships of Flotilla during the return passage
Detached on arrival and sailed
for refit at Immingham
16th Taken in hand for
refit by Humber Graving Dock.
15th Post refit trials
16th Sailed for Plymouth
to rejoined Flotilla for interception patrols.
28th Sailed from Plymouth
with HM Destroyers JACKAL, JUPITER, JERSEY and KASHMIR
to intercept German destroyers reported by an aircraft on
passage in Channel from Brest.
Deployed on patrol line between Lands End and Start Point.
29th Sighted enemy
destroyers which had attacked convoy off Start Point sinking two ships.
Took part in night action
against KARL GASTNER, HANS LODY and RICHARD
which enemy ships fired torpedoes. Hit by torpedo forward and another
Complete bow structure forward
of gun mounting demolished and after structure were both
with extensive fire caused when magazine exploded.
Major flooding of other
compartments and ship totally disabled. Only 155 feet of original
353 feet length of hull
remained. 46 of ship’s company lost their lives
For full details see DESTROYER MAN
by AF Pugsley who was in command of the ship.
Casualties were taken off by HMS
JACKAL and the other ships returned to scene after a
chase of the German destroyers.
Air attacks were driven off by
RAF aircraft and ship taken in tow to Plymouth
by a Falmouth
escorted by HMS KASHMIR.
30th Arrived at Plymouth and
taken in hand for repair by Devonport Dockyard.
(Note: Captain Lord Mountbatten
was on board the ship during this action and in command of
Flotilla. The execution of this attack has been the subject of much criticism.
reference, HOLD THE NARROW SEA by P Smith
and ENGAGE THE ENEMY
by C Barnett.)
off into Dockyard Control and under repair.
1 9 4 1
repair. Bow and stern structures completely replaced.
1 9 4 2
and on completion of post refit trials took passage to Scapa Flow.
for operational service with ships of Home Fleet.
completion deployed with Home Fleet for screening of major ships.
1st Deployed with HM Destroyers ASHANTI,
BEDOUIN, ECHO, ECLIPSE,
ESKIMO, FAULKNOR, FURY, GROVE,
ICARUS, INCONSTANT, JAVELIN,
LEDBURY, LOOKOUT, ONSLOW,
PUNJABI, TARTAR, VERDUN,
WELLS and WOOLSTON as screen for HM
Battleships KING GEORGE V and
DUKE OF YORK,
HM Aircraft Carrier VICTORIOUS,
HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM
Cruisers BERWICK and KENYA
to provide cover
passage of Russian Convoy PQ12 to Murmansk
and the return convoy QP8 to Iceland..
(For details of all Russian
convoys see CONVOYS TO RUSSIAN by RA
CONVOY! by P Kemp, THE RUSSIAN CONVOYS by B. Schoefield
CONVOYS by R Woodman.)
10th On return to Scapa Flow
nominated for support of planned British landings in
Prepared for foreign
service and took passage to Clyde.
23rd Joined military convoy WS17 with HM
Destroyers INCONSTANT and PAKENHAM
of escort during Atlantic passage.
(Note: Ocean Escort included HM
Aircraft Carrier ILLUSTRIOUS.)
24th HM Cruiser SHROPSHIRE
and HM Armed Merchant Cruiser ALCANTARA
with screen of three destroyers joined Ocean Escort.
31st Detached from WS17 and took passage to Freetown.
6th Joined Convoy WS17A with HM Destroyers
ACTIVE, ANTHONY, LAFOREY,
LOOKOUT, LIGHTNING, PAKENHAM and
INCONSTANT as Ocean Escort during
(Note: Convoy WS17 had split at Freetown
into two Sections, WS17A and WS17B
made separate passage to Cape of Good Hope.
22nd Detached from WS17A on arrival at Durban
and joined 14th Destroyer Flotilla for service
in Indian Ocean.
at Durban and prepared for support
5th Took part in
support of landings at Diego Suarez and provided gunfire support.
anti-submarine defence of assembled ships.
(For details of IRONCLAD see
RELUCTANT ENEMIES by W Tute,
and Naval Staff History.)
9th On release from IRONCLAD transferred
with Flotilla for service at
to Alexandria via Aden and Suez Canal.
June Passage in Red Sea
9th Joined 14th
Flotilla, Mediterranean Fleet for Fleet duties in eastern Mediterranean.
13th Sailed from Alexandria
with H M Destroyers HASTY, HERO, INCONSTANT, JERVIS,
KELVIN, NAPIER, NESTOR, NIZAM,
NORMAN, PAKENHAM, PALADIN, SIKH
ZULU as screen for HM Cruisers ARETHUSA, BIRMINGHAM,
DIDO, EURYALUS, HERMIONE and NEWCASTLE
to join Convoy MW11 which had
earlier from Egypt
14th Met convoy and came under air attacks.
threat of attack by U77 which was beaten off by HMS PAKENHAM.
15th Under attack by German E-Boats during
which HMS NEWCASTLE was hit by a torpedo
to return to Alexandria. HMS HASTY
was also torpedoed and had to be sunk
(Note: HMS HOTSPUR had been part
of escort for Convoy MW11A from Haifa
MW11B and merged to form MW11 for passage to Malta.)
Convoy ordered to reverse course
following report of threat of attack by an Italian battle
reported by aircraft.
Under heavy and sustained air
attacks but earlier order rescinded and convoy ordered to
(Note: During these attacks HM
Cruisers ARETHUSA and BIRMINGHAM HM
Destroyers AIREDALE, NESTOR
(RAN) and HM Battleship CENTURION were
HMS CENTURION, had been disguised as a battleship of the KING
GEORGE V Class.)
HMAS NESTOR in tow.
Owing to heavy expenditure of AA
ammunition and despite further order from CinC
operation was abandoned and ship took passage to return to Alexandria
16th Tow terminated during passage and HMAS
NESTOR scuttled after her crew were
Returned to Alexandria.
(For details of this disastrous,
confused and ill-directed operation see THE BATTLE
FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN
by D Macintyre and ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE
July Retained for service in Mediterranean
with 14th Destroyer Flotilla.
Deployed at Alexandria
for convoy defence, patrol and military support
17th Carried out
bombardment at Mersa Matru.
23rd Carried out
further bombardment at Mersa Matru.
August Flotilla duties in continuation.
12th Carried out
bombardment at Rhodes.
Flotilla duties on completion
14th Carried out
bombardment at Daba.
October Flotilla duties in eastern
Mediterranean including support of military operations.
16th Deployed with HM Cruiser EURYALUS, HM
Destroyers JERVIS, KELVIN, NUBIAN,
PAKENHAM, PALADIN and PETARD as
escort for Convoy MW13 to Malta
(Note: This was the first
westward convoy passage to be attempted air cover from North
was available due to advance of the 8th Army from Alamein.)
17th Detached from MW13 after HM Destroyers
ALDENHAM, BEAUFORT, BELVOIR,
CROOME, DULVERTON, EXMOOR,
HURSLEY, HURWORTH, TETCOTT and Greek
PINDOS arrived as escort for passage to Malta.
to Alexandria with Fleet destroyers.
18th Sailed from Alexandria
with same Fleet destroyers as screen for HM Cruisers ARETHUSA,
CLEOPATRA, DIDO and ORION to
provide cover for passage of Convoy MW13 to Malta.
Under air attacks off Derna after joining MW13 and HMS ARETHUSA hit by torpedo
be towed back to Alexandria by HMS
Detached from MW13 covering
force and escorted HMS PETARD during tow of HMS
(See above references and THE
CROSS AND THE ENSIGN by P Elliot.)
Transferred to Malta
with HM Destroyers JERVIS, KELVIN and NUBIAN for interception
enemy supply convoys to North Africa as screen for HM
Cruisers CLEOPATRA and
DIDO as Force
at Malta with
Force K for convoy interception.
2nd Took part in attack on convoy in Gulf
with HMS JERVIS, KELVIN and NUBIAN
which Italian destroyer LUPO was sunk whilst rescuing survivors from SS VELOCE
an early convoy attack.
13th Deployed with HMS CLEOPATRA, HMS DIDO,
HMS JERVIS, HMS KELVIN and HMS
NUBIAN and carried out
successful attack on convoy off Tunisia.
1 9 4 3
January Force K deployment in
8th Sank three small schooners off Kuriat during interception patrol.
17th Deployed with HMS PAKENHAM off Lampedusa and attacked supply convoy escorted
torpedo boats and sank naval auxiliary.
30th Intercepted Italian convoy north of Tripoli
with HMS KELVIN and sank all eleven ships
deployment in continuation. Escort for convoy to Alexandria.
March to Deployed
for interception patrols with ships of Force K
May Deployed with ships based in Malta
to establish blockade of Cape Bon area to intercept
attempting to evacuation enemy personnel from North African coast after the
of the Afrika Corps (Operation RETRIBUTION – See above
June Deployed with Fleet units and
ships of Flotilla for bombardment of Pantellaria
by British troops. (Operation CORKSCREW – See above references.)
refit in UK. for passage to UK
as part of escort for military convoy
15th Taken in hand for
refit by HM Dockyard, Portsmouth.
July Under refit by HM Dockyard.
to December Nominated for service with 10th
Destroyer Flotilla, Home Fleet
1 9 4 4
January Under refit and carried out
10th Carried out post refit trials and took
passage to Scapa Flow.
Deployed with HM Destroyers ASHANTI,
ESKIMO, HAIDA (RCN),
TARTAR, Polish destroyer BLYSKAWICA and Polish
ORP PIORUN of 10th Flotilla.
Fleet deployment for screening duties during operations off Norway
to April Nominated for
service in support of planned allied landings in Normandy
– For details of naval activities prior to and during
see OPERATION NEPTUNE by K Edwards and LANDINGS IN
May Transferred to Plymouth
with Flotilla and took part in exercises prior to landings.
June Deployed with Flotilla to carry
out patrols between Gulf of St
Malo and Ushant for
of enemy surface craft attempting to attack cross Channel military
or coastal traffic.
5th Deployed for
patrol north of Ushant.
6th Following aircraft sighting of two
NARVIK Class destroyers and an Ex Dutch
(TJERK HIDDES) carried out search with Flotilla but did not find the
7th Returned to Plymouth with
Flotilla on relief by 23rd Destroyer Flotilla.
8th Deployed with Flotilla NE of Ushant
to intercept NARVIK Class ships
on passage in the area from Brest.
9th In action against German destroyers
with ships of Flotilla 20 miles NW of Ile de Bas
which TJERK HIDDES was sunk, NARVIK Z32 driven ashore and
wrecked. NARVIK was damage and the ELBING Class T24 was
return to Brest.
(See LANDINGS IN NORMANDY for
25th Retained in Channel area with Flotilla
based at Plymouth after NEPTUNE
July Deployed at Plymouth
for interception of enemy convoys in Bay of Biscay and
Channel coast with ships of Flotilla.
7th During return passage to Plymouth
after interception patrol off Ushant
with HMS ESKIMO and sustained major damage aft. Three of ship’s
were killed and one injured.
Steering for remainder of
passage was by main engines.
10th Taken in hand for
temporary repair by HM Dockyard, Devonport.
20th Passage to Belfast for
One source records at Liverpool
– to be confirmed.)
27th Taken in hand by
Harland and Wolff shipyard.
August Under repair
for service in Mediterranean with 14th Destroyer
Flotilla and re-commissioned.
31st Completion of repair and prepared for
post refit trials.
1 9 4 5
January Passage to Scapa Flow
on completion of post refit trials.
Worked-up with ships of Home
Fleet for operational service
passage to join Flotilla in Mediterranean on completion
19th Arrived at Alexandria and
9th Withdrawn from Flotilla duties for replacement
of boiler tubes at Alexandria.
April Boiler tube replacement work in
8th Resumed Flotilla duties on completion
of post repair trials.
June Remained with Flotilla in Mediterranean
after VE Day and deployed for Fleet duties
to August and support of re-occupation requirements at Trieste
(Note: Ships on passage to Far
East were worked-up for service in the Mediterranean
exercises with Fleet units.)