1 9 4 2
trials and commissioned for service in 19th Destroyer Flotilla
30th Build completion and commenced Acceptance Trials.
This ship was fitted with new design High Frequency Radio Direction Finding
enable the bearing of the origin of wireless signal traffic to be determined.
For details of the use of this
equipment see SEEK AND STRIKE by W Hackmann
HITLER'S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.)
February On completion of trials and
storing took passage to Scapa
Flow to work-up with ships
Deployed at Scapa Flow for working-up.
operational service on completion
of screen for HM Battleships KING GEORGE V, DUKE OF YORK, HM Battlecruiser
RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier VICTORIOUS,
HM Cruisers BERWICK and KENYA with
Destroyers ASHANTI, BEDOUIN, ECHO. ECLIPSE, FAULKNOR, FURY, GROVE
INCONSTANT, ICARUS, INTREPID,
JAVELIN, LANCASTER, LEDBURY, ONSLOW,
TARTAR, VERDUN, WELLS and WOOLSTON.
This force was providing cover for transit of Russian Convoy PQ12 to Murmansk
return Convoy QP8 to Iceland.
Convoys were under threat of
attack by German battleship TIRPITZ.
For details of all Russian
CONVOYS TO RUSSIA by RA Ruegg, THE RUSSIAN CONVOYS by
ARCTIC CONVOYS by R Woodman and CONVOY! by P Kemp.
with Fleet units when some destroyers left to replenish fuel.
ARCTIC CONVOYS by R Woodman.
for screening duties during air operations by HMS VICTORIOUS in search of
Battleship TIRPITZ which failed. See references.)
11th Passage to Scapa Flow with covering ships of Home Fleet.
military Convoy WS17 in Clyde with HM Destroyers ALDENHAM and GROVE
as part of Ocean Escort during passage in Atlantic to Freetown.
from WS17 on arrival at Freetown.
Ocean Escort for military Convoy WS171 as part of Ocean Escort on departure
passage to Durban.
Convoy WS17 divided during the period at Freetown)
Other ships in Ocean Escort for
WS17A were HM Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Destroyers
ACTIVE, ANTELOPE, INCONSTANT,
JAVELIN, LIGHTNING and PAKENHAM
were to take part in support of planned landings at Diego Suarez, Madagascar.)
at Cape Town with WS17.
at Durban with WS17.
(Note: Some mercantiles in WS17
were destined for the Middle
East and Indian detached
at ports in South Africa and continued passage as WS17.)
with HM Destroyers LIGHTNING, LOOKOUT and other destroyers as escort
for Convoy Z during passage to Diego Suarez, northern Madagascar.
out bombardment exercises.
3rd Joined HM Aircraft Carrier INDOMITABLE and HM Cruiser DEVONSHIRE to provide
cover during landings.
6th Provided further support bombardment before leaving to join
HMS LAFOREY and HMS
for escort of HMS RAMILLIES during departure to carry out search for
presumed Japanese surface ships.
(Note: No enemy ships were found.)
7th Provided naval gunfire support during military operations
at Oranjia prior to assault
on Diego Suarez.
For details of IRONCLAD see WAR
WITH JAPAN (HMSO).
HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS, FORMIDABLE
and HM Cruiser GAMBIA during passage to Colombo
part in Fleet exercises including AA shoot.
Fleet duties and joined HMS LAFOREY and HMS LIGHTNING in screen for
HMS WARSPITE, HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HMS
INDOMITABLE and HMS GAMBIA
as Force A for offensive sweep of Indian Ocean to Chagos islands.
16th Called at Addu Atoll with Force A
to refuel after delay due to monsoon weather.
Took passage from Addu Atoll for Colombo on completion.
at Mombasa and carried out maintenance.
for return to Mediterranean for support of Malta relief operation.
Sailed from Mombasa with HMS LAFOREY and HMS LIGHTNING as screen
INDOMITABLE during passage to Gibraltar.
Norwegian seaman in Indian
Ocean, the sole survivors
from a ship sunk on 9th.
at Cape Town
at Pointe Noire, Belgian Congo for fuel.
(Note: Ship passage delayed by deployment for trade defence
by HM Cruiser PHOEBE
from Freetown for Gibraltar as screen for same ships.
survivors from Norwegian mercantile sunk on 25th July.
from HMS INDOMITABLE.
with HM Destroyers FORESIGHT, FURY, ICARUS, INTREPID, LAFOREY,
LIGHTNING, VANSITTART, WESTCOTT
and WRESTLER as screen for HM Aircraft
Carriers ARGUS, EAGLE,
INDOMITABLE, VICTORIOUS, HM Cruisers PHOEBE,
CHARYBDIS and SIRIUS during
Exercise BERSERK west of Gibraltar to carry out
for use during planned defence of PEDESTAL convoy, identified as Convoy GM4.
and nominated with HMS LIGHTNING for escort of HM Aircraft Carrier
FURIOUS during aircraft delivery to Malta (Operation BELLOWS –Coincident with
screening of HMS FURIOUS detached when HMS EAGLE was hit by torpedo
by U73 and sank within eight minutes. Carried out rescue work with HMS
HM Destroyers LAFOREY and MALCOLM, also took part in rescue operations.
A total of 927 survivors were
rescued from a ships company of 1160.)
Transferred survivors to HM
Destroyer VENOMOUS and refuelled from tanker in Force R
to join ships covering passage of PEDESTAL convoy after refuelling.
These were HMS RODNEY, HMS NELSON, HMS VICTORIOUS,
HMS PHOEBE, HMS SIRIUS, HM
Destroyers LAFOREY, LIGHTNING,
QUENTIN, AMAZON, ITHURIEL,
ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, VANSITTART,
WESTCOTT, WISHART and ZETLAND
deployed as Force Z.)
12th Under air attacks.
Carried out successful
anti-submarine operations against Italian submarine BRIN with
HM Destroyers FORESIGHT and FURY
and drove submarine away from convoy.
Despatched with HMS SOMALI, HMS
LIGHTNING and HMS CHARYBDIS to assist
HMS INDOMITABLE after being hit and badly damaged in air attacks.
Remained with Force Z when GM4
detached and entered Sicilian Narrows escorted by Force X
12th (sic)Intercepted attack
by Italian submarine EMO with HMS TARTAR which was driven off
by depth charges.
with HMS VICTORIOUS, HMS PHOEBE, HMS NELSON HMS LAFOREY,
HMS LIGHTNING and HMS QUENTIN
west of Narrows to provide cover for returning
of Force X.
HMS INDOMITABLE, HMS RODNEY screened by HM Destroyers AMAZON
ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, VANSITTART,
WESTCOTT, WISHART and
ZETLAND had been detached to
return to Gibraltar.)
14th Passage to Gibraltar as part of screen for ships of Forces X and Z.
(Note: For details of PEDESTAL see PEDESTAL by P Smith and
September Deployed with Flotilla in Force H
based at Gibraltar
ss LEINSTER with HM Destroyer LAFOREY to Gibraltar.
ss LEINSTER had detached from military convoy WS22 after passage
escort for HM Battleship MALAYA during passage from Gibraltar to UK.
passage to Gibraltar as escort for HM Battleship RODNEY.
29th Rejoined Flotilla at Gibraltar.
November Nominated with Flotilla for
support of planned landings in North
Africa (Operation TORCH)
cover during TORCH landings in Algeria.
See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE
CLOSELY and Naval Staff History for details.)
On release from TORCH deployed
at Gibraltar for patrol and convoy defence.
December Nominated for service in Force Q
to be based at Bone for interception of enemy supply
in western and central Mediterranean.
Joined HM Cruisers ARGONAUT,
SIRIUS, AURORA, DIDO, HM Destroyers QUIBERON
QUENTIN in Force Q based at Algiers.
1 9 4 3
out interception patrol with ships of Force Q
February Force Q deployment in
50 survivors from HM Corvette LOUISBERG sunk during convoy escort NE of Oran.
March Force Q
deployment in continuation
in hand by HM Dockyard, Gibraltar for repair to turbines
completion took passage to rejoin 19th Flotilla at Malta.
Other ships in Flotilla were HM Destroyers LAFOREY, LOYAL, NUBIAN and TARTAR)
interception patrol and convoy defence.
May Nominated for blockade of Cape Bon area to prevent evacuation of enemy troops
from Tunisia by sea. (Operation RETRIBUTION)
craft evacuating German personnel and took 12 men PoW.
and sank supply ship with HMS LAFOREY in Central Mediterranean.
support of planned British landings on Pantalleria
Took part in
preparatory exercises for CORKSCREW.
10th Bombarded Pantellaria with HMS
11th Deployed for support of landings.
above references for details.
surrender of Lampedusa.
Under air attacks by dive bombers without damage.
with HM Destroyers ESKIMO, JERVIS and NUBIAN for as escort of HM
during passage from Tripoli to Malta.
HM King George VI was embarked in HMS AURORA for visit to Malta.)
for escort and support duties during planned allied landings in Sicily
Took part in
with ships of Flotilla for screening of Support Force East during passage
cover landings by British XXX Corps SW of Syracuse.
Support Force East comprised HM Cruisers MAURITIUS, NEWFOUNDLAND,
ORION and UGANDA.)
10th Took part in operations off beach head during landings.
For details of HUSKY see ENGAGE
THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY, Naval Staff History
Military Staff History (Mediterranean)
18th Carried out bombardment in support of military operation in Sicily.
19th Bombarded gun positions at Catania with hm Cruiser
NEWFOUNDLAND and HM Destroyer
20th Bombarded shore positions at Lentini
and Carlentini with same destroyers.
passage from Augusta, Sicily for Malta as screen for HM Cruisers NEWFOUNDLAND
MAURITIUS with HM Destroyers
LAFOREY and LOYAL.
attack by U407 HMS NEWFOUNDLAND was hit aft causing significant damage
but able to
proceed at reduced speed.
(Note: Anti-submarine attacks made by HMS LAFOREY forced U407 to dive and able to escape.
war records state that a later attack by Italian submarine ASCIANGHI failed.
(Note: One source records the torpedoes from the Italian
ASCIANGHl was sunk during the subsequent anti-submarine
operations by HM
Destroyers LAFOREY and ECLIPSE.
August Deployed for
Flotilla duties in Malta and nominated for support of planned allied landings
at Salerno (Operation AVALANCHE)
with Fleet units for bombardment of shore targets in Messina Strait and Reggio
to Calabria prior to British landings on Italian mainland
Northern Attack Force TF 85 with ships of Flotilla for screening of HM Cruisers
MAURITIUS, UGANDA, ORION and DELHI providing support during assault landings
with Northern Attack Force Support Group during first landings.
shore fire and provided naval gunfire support.
11th Under heavy air attacks including use of FX1400 radio
controlled and Hs293 Glider weapons.
naval gunfire support with HMS LAFOREY during counter-attack by German
on Allied bridgehead and under further attacks by FX1400 and
16th Under attack by FX1400 which near-missed by 250 Kg bomb.
Took passage to Malta for repair.
for support of military operations off west coast of Italy and defence of shipping.
naval gunfire support for military operation near Volturno
with HMS LAFOREY
Dutch Gunboat FLORES.
Under attack by fighter-bombers
and sustained some casualties as well as structural damage
miss from 250Kg
November Convoy defence and support duties
with Flotilla in continuation based at Naples.
for refit and machinery repair at Taranto
in hand for refit and repairs
December Under refit and repair
1 9 4 4
January Taranto refit in continuation
to June Transferred to 14th Destroyer
Flotilla in Malta.
completion carried out post refit trials and took passage to Malta.
Resumed duty with 14th Destroyer
Flotilla based in Malta after brief work-up.
Nominated for support of planned
allied landings in South of France
(Operation ANVIL – Later DRAGOON
– For details see INVASION OF THE SOUTH
August Prepared for
service in SITKA Fire Support Group Task Force 86)
Passage to Naples with HM Cruiser DIDO for duty in Western Task Force
from Naples with US cruiser USS AUGUSTA, HM Cruiser DIDO, US Navy
destroyers GLEAVES and SOMERS and took passage to
14th Arrived in SITKA sector.
15th Present during initial landing operations on Levant Island. and Port Cros.
No bombardment was then necessary but later the ships of SITKA Group provided
support during German counter attack.)
19th Deployed with HM Cruiser AURORA during bombardment of St Mandrier, Toulon.
Fired 116 rounds
with USN destroyer KENDRICK as screen for HM Cruiser AURORA during
bombardment of forts at St Mandrier.
September Returned to RN service and rejoined
support of 8th Army operations on west coast of Italy.
Passage to Adriatic.
10th Provided support in Rimini area until 25th.
patrol and military support duties with Flotilla in continuation.
11th Carried out bombardments of shore batteries at Cesantico with HM Destroyer LOYAL.
12th Further shore bombardment in Casanatico area.
13th In company with HMS LOYAL which detonated a ground mine and
Carried out tow of HMS LOYAL to Ancona.
November Gunfire support, patrol and convoy
defence duties in continuation.
1 9 4 5
to 3rd Destroyer Flotilla for support, patrol and convoy defence in
out bombardment in Massa area. SE of Spezia with US Navy
15th Carried out bombardment at San Remo on Italian Riviera.
18th Further bombardment at Shore targets on Franco/Italian border
Sea deployment with Flotilla in continuation
17th Deployed with HMS METEOR and Free French TEMPETE and BASQUE
report from shore intercepted ARTURO (TA24), ERIDANO (T29) and
PREMUDA (T32) of 10th German
Torpedo Boat Flotilla which were carrying out minelay
Carried out torpedo and gun
attacks with HMS METEOR during which ARTURO
ERIDANO were sunk but PREMUDA escaped in smoke screen.
200 survivors from enemy ships.
for support of military advance by British 5th Army.
out shore bombardment on targets in French Riviera with Free French cruisers
MONTCALM and DUGUAY TROIN.
to MaltA after VE day and deployed with Flotilla for Fleet duties including
to August support
of re-occupation and for exercises in Mediterranean to
prepare British warships
for operational service in the Eastern Fleet and British