Naval History Homepage - and Site Search

 

 

SERVICE HISTORIES of ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS in WORLD WAR 2

by Lt Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2004

HMS VERULAM (R 28) -  V-class Destroyer
including Convoy Escort Movements 

Edited by Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net

HMS Verulam (Navy Photos, click to enlarge) return to Contents List 
 

V-Class destroyers ordered from Fair-field of Govan, Glasgow with the 8th Emergency Flotilla on 1st September 1941. She was laid down on 26th June 1942 and launched on 22nd April 1943 as the 2nd RN warship to carry this name previously used for a WW1 destroyer lost in 1919. She had been adopted by the civil community of St. Albans, Hertfordshire after a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in February 1942. Build was completed on 10th December 1943 and† the ship was fitted for Arctic service.

 

B a t t l e†† H o n o u r s

 

ARCTIC 1944† - NORMANDY 1944 - NORWAY 1944† - MALAYA †1945 - BURMA†† 1945

 

H e r a l d i c†† D a t a

Badge: On a Field Blue, in front of a saltire coupled Gold

a sword erect Proper pommel and hilt also Gold.

 

 

D e t a i l s†† o f†† W a r†† S e r v i c e

 

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

 

 

1 9 4 3

 

December†††††††††††††Contractor's sea trials and commissioned for service in 26th Destroyer Flotilla.

†††††††††††††† 12th††††††† Build completion and commenced Acceptance Trials.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On completion of trials and storing took passage to Scapa Flow to work-up with ships of

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Home Fleet.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Joined 26th Destroyer Flotilla.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Note: This comprised HM Destroyers ALGONQUIN (RCN), KEMPENFELT, SIOUX

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (RCN), VENUS, VERULAM, VIGILANT and VIRAGO).

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† During work-up took part in Home Fleet offensive sweep off Norway as screen for HM

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cruisers BELLONA and KENT with HM Destroyers MYNGS, ZAMBESI and ALGONQUIN

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (RCN) (Operation COUNTERBLAST).

 

1 9 4 4

 

January†††††††††††††††††Worked-up with Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.

†† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Deployed with Flotilla in Home Fleet after work-up.

 

February

†††††††††††††††† 6th††††††† Joined escort for returning Convoy RA56 from Murmansk.

†††††††††††††††† 9th††††††† Detached from RA56 before arrival at Loch Ewe.

††††††† †††††††22nd†††††† Joined escort for Russian Convoy JW57 with HM Cruiser BLACK PRINCE and 13 other

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† destroyers from the Home Fleet.

†††††††††††††† 28th††††††† Detached from JW57 on arrival at Kola Inlet.

 

March

†††††††††††† †††2nd††††††† Joined Destroyer Escort for returning Convoy RA57 with HMS BLACK PRINCE and HM

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Escort Aircraft Carrier CHASER with Home Fleet destroyers.

††††††††††††††† 7th†††††††† Detached from RA57 before arrival at Loch Ewe.

 

April

††††††††††††††† 3rd†††††††† Escorted HM Battleship ANSON, HM Aircraft Carriers VICTORIOUS, FURIOUS, HM

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Escort Carriers SEARCHER, EMPEROR, PURSUER and FENCER with HM Cruisers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ROYALIST, BELFAST, SHEFFIELD and JAMAICA for air attacks attack on German

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† battleship TIRPITZ laying in Altenfjord..

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Operation TUNGSTEN - See Naval Staff History and CONVOY! by P Kemp.

†††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††This operation also covered passage of Russian Convoy JW58).

††††††††††††††† 20th†††††† Independent passage to Kola Inlet to embark personnel and escort ships awaiting convoy

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† to UK.

††††††††††††††† 28th†††††† Embarked 17 personnel for passage and joined escort for returning† Convoy RA59 with

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† HM Cruiser DIADEM, HMS FENCER and HM Destroyers BOADICEA, ULYSSES,

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† VIRAGO, WALKER and WHITEHALL of Home Fleet.

 

May†††††††††††††††††††††† Nominated for duty with Force S in support of Normandy landings.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Operation NEPTUNE - For details see OPERATION NEPTUNE by K Edwards and LANDINGS

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† IN NORMANDY June 1944 (HMSO).).

††††††††††††††††† 3rd†††††† Detached with above ships before arrival in UK.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Took part in Home Fleet preparatory exercises including bornbardment practices.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Note: Allocated target in Fire Support Plan - Lion-sur-Mer)

 

June

††††††††††††††††† 5th†††††† Passage to Solent to join Force S.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sailed from Solent as escort for HM Landing Ship (Headquarters) LARGS with HM Destroyers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††  VIRAGO, KELVIN, EGLINTON and five Motor Torpedo Boats as Convoy S7.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† See references.)

††††††††††††††††† 6th†††††† Provided naval gunfire support in accordance with Fire Plan.

††††††††††††††††† 7th†††††† Deployed for interception patrol and naval gunfire support in Eastern Task Force area.

††††††††††††††† 27th†††††† On release from NEPTUNE took passage to Scapa Flow to resume Flotilla duties in Home Fleet.

 

July†††††††††††††††††††††† Flotilla duties in Home Fleet in continuation.

 

August

††††††††††††††† 10th†††††† Joined screen for HM Aircraft Carrier INDEFATIGABLE, HM Escort Carriers, NABOB, HM

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cruisers KENT and DEVONSHIRE with ships of Flotilla for series of air attacks on airfields at

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Gossen, aircraft minelay and shipping strikes off Norway

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Operation OFFSPRING - See Naval Staff History (MINING)).

 

September

††††††††††††††† 12th†††††† Escorted HMS FURIOUS and HMS TRUMPETER with HMS DEVONSHIRE, HM Destroyers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† MYNGS, MARNE, MUSKETEER, ALGONQUIN and VIGILANT for minelay off Norway.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Planned shipping strike by aircraft was cancelled but convoy sighted in area was attacked.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Operation BEGONIA - See above reference).

††††††††††††††† 17th†††††† Deployed with Flotilla and other Home Fleet destroyers to escort Convoy JW60.

† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Joined screen for HM Battleship RODNEY, HM Cruiser DIADEM, HM Escort Carriers

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† CAMPANIA and STRIKER.

††††††††††††††† 23rd†††††† Detached on arrival at Kola Inlet.

††††††††††††††† 28th†††††† Joined escort for returning Convoy RA60 with HMS RODNEY.

 

October

††††††††††††††††† 3rd†††††† Detached for passage to Scapa Flow.

††††††††††††††† 23rd†††††† Escorted HM Aircraft Carrier IMPLACABLE with HM Cruiser BELLONA and Home Fleet

††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††destroyers during air attacks on Sorreisa and Bardufoss airfield.

††††††††††††††† 28th†††††† Escorted HMS IMPLACABLE with HM Cruiser MAURITIUS and Home Fleet destroyers for

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† air strikes on shipping at Bodo and Kristiansund.

 

November

††††††††††††††† 12th†††††† Escorted HMS KENT and HMS BELLONA with Home Fleet destroyers for shipping strike near

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Egersund during which several ships and escorts were sunk.

 

December††††††††††††† Nominated for service with Eastern Fleet with Flotilla.

 

1 9 4 5

 

January††††††††††††††††† Refit and preparation for foreign service at commercial shipyard in Leith.

 

February††††††††††††††† Passage to Trincomalee with ships of D26.

 

March††††††††††††††††††† Joined Eastern Fleet and exercised for Fleet escort, patrol and military support duties.

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (For details of Eastern Fleet deployments see OPERATION PACIFIC by E Gray and WAR

† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††WITH JAPAN (HMSO).

 

April

††††††††††††††††† 8th††††††† Joined escort for HM Battleship QUEEN ELIZABETH, French battleship RICHELIEU, HM

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† † Cruisers LONDON and CUMBERLAND with HM Destroyers SAUMAREZ, VIGILANT,

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††  VIRAGO and VENUS (Operation SUNFISH).

††††††††††††††† 11th††††††† Bombardment of Sabang, Sumatra

††††††††††††††††† 14th††††††Deployed as screen for HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH, FS RICHELIEU and HMS LONDON during

††††††††††† ††††††to††††††††††air operations. One aircraft was lost and one enemy plane shot down.

††††††††††††††††† 15th††††††(For details see WAR WITH JAPAN Volume VI (HMSO).)

††††††††††††††††† 16th†††††† Remained with screen during during offensive sweep against coastal shipping by HMS VENUS

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† and HMS VIRAGO.

††††††††††††††††† 20th†††††† Returned to Trincomalee with ships of Force 62.

††††††††††††††††† 27th†††††† Sailed with Slips of East Indies Fleet as Force 63 for operations in Andaman Sea to prevent any

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† interference with landings at Rangoon by Japanese ships or aircraft

.†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Operation BISHOP - For details including names of ships involved see the above reference.)

†††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††(Note: Operations were conducted to prevent aircraft from bases in the Nicobars and Andamans

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† carrying out attacks and to destroy any shipping found in the area.

††††††††††††††† 28th†††† ††Sailed from Trincomalee to join Eastern Fleet escort carriers.

 

May

††††††††††††††††† 1st††††††† Escorted HM Cruisers PHOEBE and ROYALIST, HM Escort Carriers EMPEROR, KHEDIVE,

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††  HUNTER and STALKER with HM Destroyers SAUMAREZ, VENUS, VIRAGO and

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† † VIGILANT which were covering Rangoon landings (Operation DRACULA.

††††††††††††††††† 3rd††††† † On release from DRACULA rejoined Force 63 in Andaman Sea..

††††††††††††††††††† 6th†††††† Deployed with HM Destroyers ROTHERHAM, SAUMAREZ, VENUS and VIGILANT in

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† screen for HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH, FS RICHELIEU, HM Escort Carriers SHAH and

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† EMPRESS, HM Cruisers CUMBERLAND, SUFFOLK, CEYLON and TROMP during

††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††bombardment of Car Nicobar and Port Blair (Continuation of Operation BISHOP).

††††††††††††††††† 9th†††††† Returned to Trincomalee and joined Force 51 with Eastern Fleet destroyers to intercept Japanese

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† † warships sighted in the entrance to the Malacca Straits (Operation DUKEDOM).

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† † (Note: Force 51 included ships of Force 63 plus ships of the 21st Aircraft Carrier Squadron).

††††††††††††††††† 10th††††††Sailed from Trincomalee for Ten Degree Channel.

††††††††††††††† 14th†††††† Detached with HM Destroyers SAUMAREZ, VIGILANT, VENUS and VIRAGO to search for

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† enemy craft north of Sumatra (Operation MITRE).

††††††††††††††† 15th†††††† In action with Japanese cruiser HAGURO and destroyer KAMIKAZE during which HAGURO

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† was sunk SW of Penang.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (For full details of this brilliantly executed night torpedo attack by the 26th Destroyer Flotilla

††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††see "SINK THE HAGURO" by John Winton and WAR WITH JAPAN.)

 

June†††††††††††††††††††††† Escorted HMS ROYALIST during series of offensive sweeps in Indian Ocean.

 

July††††††††††††††††††††††† Deployed in support of military operations in Burma and Fleet screening.

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Took part in exercises and preparation for support of planned allied landings in Malaya

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Operation ZIPPER).

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Note: This operation was delayed until after VJ Day by US insistence. and problems relating

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† to release of long serving personnel from from SEAC in the PYTHON Scheme

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Final Report of Supreme

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Commander SEAC (HMSO)

  

August††††††††††††††††††Deployed with escort for Eastern Fleet ships off Malaya and Burma prior to the Malayan coast

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† landings.

 

September

††††††††††††††††† 4th††††††† Sailed from Trincomalee with Escort Carriers to join Eastern Fleet ships off Malayan coast.

††††††††††††††††† 6th††††††† Joined convoy JME1F

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††  Diverted to take passage to Singapore.

 

P o s t†† W a r†† N o t e s

 

HMS VERULAM returned to UK after the Japanese surrender at Singapore and was deployed with the Londonderry Flotilla in 1946. The next year she joined the Mediterranean Fleet and served in the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla based in Malta for two years. She was selected for conversion to Type 15 Anti-Submarine Frigate in 1951 and after completion by HM Dockyard , Portsmouth she was deployed for Arctic Trials. After attendance at the Coronation Review in 1953 she was placed in Reserve. The ship re-commissioned in 1958 for duty as Trials Ship attached to the Weapons Research Establishment at Portland and continued in that role until 1970 when she was placed on the Disposal List. Sold to BISCO for demolition by J Cashmore on 1st September 1972 she arrived in tow at the breakersí yard in Newport on 23rd September that year.

 


 

Addendum

 

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of  HMS VERULAM

by Don Kindell

 

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above

 

 

 

 

 

Date convoy sailed

Joined convoy as escort

Convoy No.

Left convoy

Date convoy arrived

 

 

 

 

 

03/02/44

06/02/44

RA 056

09/02/44

11/02/44

20/02/44

22/02/44

JW 057

28/02/44

28/02/44

02/03/44

02/03/44

RA 057

07/03/44

10/03/44

28/04/44

28/04/44

RA 059

03/05/44

06/05/44

15/09/44

17/09/44

JW 060

23/09/44

23/09/44

28/09/44

28/09/44

RA 060

03/10/44

05/10/44

04/06/45

10/06/45

OW 006/2

13/06/45

13/06/45

23/06/45

23/06/45

WO 007

25/06/45

25/06/45

29/06/45

05/07/45

OW 007/2

08/07/45

08/07/45

 

 

 

 

 

(Note on Convoys)

 

back to Contents List
or Naval-History.Net

revised 11/8/11
further editing and formatting is required


 

if any ads offend, please contact Naval-History.Net