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SERVICE HISTORIES of ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS in WORLD WAR 2
by Lt Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2004

 

HMS TYNEDALE (L 96) - Type I, Hunt-class Escort Destroyer including Convoy Escort Movements

HMS Tynedale (Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

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Type I HUNT Class Escort Destroyer ordered on 11th April 1939 from Alex Stephen at Govan, Glasgow under 1939 Programme and laid down on 27th July 1939 as Job No 1471. She was launched on 5th June 1910 as the 1st RN ship to bear the name, that of a fox-hunt in Northumbria. Build was completed on 2nd December 1940. After a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in February 1942 the ship was adopted by the civil community of Hexham, Northumberland. A close association established with this ship by Hexham continued after her loss in 1943. Her career has been recorded by Martin Francis in TYNEDALE'S WARSHIPS published in 1994 and is also covered by exhibits in the local Museum. Reunions have been held in Hexham since the end of WW2.

 

B a t t l e   H o n o u r s

 

ST.  NAZAIRE 1942 - ENGLISH CHANNEL 1942-43 - SICILY 1943

 

H e r a l d i c   D a t a

Badge: On a Field Red., in front of two arrows in saltire white

 a hunting horn erect gold.

 

 

D e t a i l s   o f   W a r   S e r v i c e

 

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

 

 

1 9 4 0

 

November              Contractors trials and commissioned for service in 1st Destroyer Flotilla.

 

December

                2nd         Build completion and commenced Acceptance Trials.

                                Took passage to Scapa Flow on completion of trials and storing.

                                Worked-up for operational service with ships of Home Fleet at Scapa Flow

                                (Note: During work-up period visited Aberdeen and Tyneside).

 

1 9 4 1

 

January

                5th          On completion of work-up took passage to Portsmouth.

                8th          Joined Flotilla for convoy defence and patrol in Channel.

                                Under repair and carried out boiler clean at Portsmouth.

                                On completion deployed in Channel.

 

February                Channel deployment in continuation.

                22nd       Detached to escort HM Destroyer ICARUS during lay of minefield between Le Havre and

                                and Cherbourg with HM Destroyer BERKELEY (Operation JK).

                23rd        On release joined escort for HM Battleship RESOLUTION during passage to Portsmouth

                                from Gibraltar in SW Approaches.

                                Resumed duties with Flotilla in Channel.

 

March                    Channel convoy defence and patrol in continuation.

                10th        Returned to Portsmouth for repair of turbine defects.

                11th        Sustained slight structural damage during air raid at Portsmouth when berthed at Pitch House

                                Jetty.

                                (Note: Three bombs exploded underwater alongside which also caused shock damage to

                                Engine Room machinery.

                21st         On completion of repairs return to Flotilla duties.

                22nd       Detached to escort HM Destroyers INTREPID, ICARUS and IMPULSIVE during minelay

                                between Le Havre and Cherbourg with HM Destroyers FERNIE and CLEVELAND.

                                (Operation JN).

 

April                       Deployed for convoy escort in SW Approaches on Milford Haven route.

to

May

 

June                        Under repair at Devonport.

 

July

                24th        On completion of repair resumed Flotilla convoy defence duties.

                                (Note: These convoys were identified by prefixes WP (Westbound) and PW (Eastbound)

                                with a numeric suffix.)

 

August

                2nd         Convoy defence in continuation.

 

September

                12th        Under repair at Portsmouth

                14th        Resumed Flotilla duties on completion of repair.

 

October                  Convoy escort for PW and WO series in continuation.

to

November

 

December              Transferred to 15th Destroyer Flotilla at Plymouth for convoy defence, interception patrol and

                                offensive strikes against coastal convoys in English Channel and Bay of Biscay.

 

1 9 4 2

 

January                  Continued deployment with 15th Flotilla based at Plymouth.

to

February

 

March

                2nd         Under repair at Devonport.

                10th        Resumed convoy defence duties in SW Approaches.

                23rd        Nominated for support of Commando attack on St. Nazaire.

                                Passage to Falmouth.

                26th        Sailed from Falmouth as escort for HM Destroyer CAMPBELTOWN and Light Coastal

                                craft with HM Destroyers ATHERSTONE, CLEVELAND and BROCKLESBY.

                                (Operation CHARIOT).

                27th        Carried out gun attack on U593 which crash dived.

                                Made depth charge attack after which the submarine partially surfaced and then was

                                engaged by main armament.

                                The submarine heeled over and disappeared.

                                (Note: The primary concern was that this submarine would give warning of assault force.

                                A decision not to attempt ramming was made since any damage would almost certainly

                                have reduced the naval support available during CHARIOT

                                The anti-submarine operation was continued by HMS ATHERSTONE alone but was

                                unsuccessful.

                                Submarine detection equipment in TYNEDALE was unserviceable due to the earlier

                                gunnery and depth charge attacks.

                                U593 escaped but had given gave no warning to the garrison at St Nazaire.

                                See December 1943 record below.

                28th        Deployed for interception patrolled off estuary during CHARIOT.

                                After surviving craft rejoined began return passage to UK.

                                Deployed with HMS ATHERSTONE against five German warships which were drawn away

                                from returning Motor Launches.

                                Sustained some structural damage from two hits and laid smoke screen.

                                Enemy ships withdrew despite their tactical advantage.

                                For details of this operation see BATTLE OF THE NARROW SEAS by Peter Scott and

                                Naval Staff History).

                                Under air attacks during passage to Plymouth as escort for CHARIOT surviving ships and

                                craft.

                29th        Arrived at Plymouth

 

April                       Resumed Flotilla convoy defence duties.

 

                18th        Under repair at Devonport.

                28th        On completion resumed convoy defence duties in SW Approaches.

 

May

                13th        Deployed at Portsmouth for support of interception operation in Eastern Channel.

                14th        Deployed in support of interception of German commerce raider STIER by Light Coastal

                                Forces.

                                (Note: Not involved in action during which STIER escaped although two of her escorts were

                                sunk.

                                Engaged two trawlers off Alderney and sustained damage by return fire to 4in main armament

                                and machinery.

                15th        Taken in hand for repair on return to Devonport

                29th        On completion resumed Flotilla convoy defence duties.

 

June

                19th        Under repair at Devonport.

                25th        Resumed defence duties with PW and WP series Convoys.

 

July                         Convoy defence in continuation.

to

August

 

September             Convoy defence and patrol in English Channel.

                13th        Under repair at Devonport.

                25th        Resumed convoy duties on completion.

                28th        In collision with Fleet Oiler RFA WAR NIZAM.

 

October                  Nominated for planned operation off French coast.

                12th        Detached for interception operation with Light Coastal Forces craft to prevent the passage

                                through Channel of German commerce raider KOMET.

                                Carried out patrol off Cap Griz Nez with HM Destroyers BROCKLESBY, FERNIE and Polish

                                KRAKOWIAK as Group B.

                16th        On release returned to Channel convoy duties.

                31st         Under repair at Devonport.

 

November              Under repair.

                18th        Resumed Channel convoy defence on completion.

 

December

                10th        Detached to support attack by MTB's of Light Coastal Forces against enemy convoy off

                                French coast near Roches Douvres.

                                One merchant ship and one trawler sunk.

                19th        Resumed Flotilla convoy defence duties.

 

1 9 4 3

 

January                  Channel convoy defence and patrol in continuation.

                6th          Under repair at Devonport.

                21st         Resumed convoy defence on completion.

 

February                Nominated for service in Mediterranean.

                16th        Prepared for foreign service at Devonport prior to passage.

 

March

                1st           Passage to join escort for military Convoy KMS10 during passage to Gibraltar.

                8th          Joined Destroyer Division 59 after arrival of KMS10 at Gibraltar.

                9th          Began convoy defence duties between Gibraltar and Algiers.

 

May                        Western Mediterranean Convoy defence in continuation.

                30th        Joined escort for military Convoy UGS8 in Mediterranean on passage to Algiers.

                                (Note: HM Battleship KING GEORGE V was also deployed with UGS8)

 

June                        Convoy defence between Algiers, Oran and Gibraltar.

                                Nominated for support of allied landings in Sicily with Support Force East as part of Escort

                                Group S

                                (Operation HUSKY)

 

July                         Convoy defence in continuation.

                                Passage to Algiers for HUSKY support.

                5th          Sailed from Algiers as part of escort for assault Convoy KMS18.

                8th          Detached from KMS18 escort to refuel and rejoined on completion.

                10th        Detached from KMS18 on arrival at BARK WEST Beach Head.

                                Deployed for interception patrol against any attempt by surface craft of submarines to interfere

                                with landings.

                                For details of HUSKY see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by C Barnett, Naval

                                Staff History and BRITISH INVASION FLEETS by J de Winser for information on all ships

                                involved.

                22nd       Passage to Malta from beachhead area to resume convoy defence.

                26th        Part of escort for military Convoy MKS19Y from Tripoli.

                30th        After arrival at beachhead resumed convoy escort in central Mediterranean.

 

August                  Convoy defence in continuation.

                10th        Damaged by two near misses during an air raid at Augusta.

                                Sustained damage to stem glands. port propeller shaft bearing and fire control radar cables.

                                (Note: Speed restricted to 15 knots.)

                                Passage to Gibraltar with calls at Malta, Algiers and Oran.

                20th        Taken in hand for repair by HM Dockyard Gibraltar.

 

 September            Under repair.

                24th        On completion of repair carried post repair trials.

                                Resumed convoy defence duties.

 

October                  Mediterranean convoy defence in continuation.

                5th          Assisted in the rescue of passengers from Dutch FELIX JAN VAN MANIX.

                                (Note: This troopship had been torpedoed and 218 people including Dutch WRNS were

                                taken off by going alongside listing ship).

                6th          Disembarked passenger at Gibraltar and resumed escort and patrol duties between Gibraltar,

                                Algiers and Philippeville.

                29th        Intercepted Spanish mercantile ss SEBASTIAN on passage with iron ore to France.

                                Prize crew put on board and coal burning ship taken tow to Gibraltar by which time coal stocks

                                were exhausted and had been supplemented by wood.

                31st         Resumed convoy defence duties.

 

November

                9th          Part of escort for convoy from Philippeville to Malta.

                29th        Part of escort for convoy from Philippeville to Taranto.

                30th        Sailed from Malta to Taranto.

 

December              Central Mediterranean convoy defence between Philippeville and Taranto continued.

                11th        Part of escort for military Convoy KMS34 from Philippeville with HM Destroyer CALPE

                                Navy destroyers USS NIBLACK and USS WAINWRIGHT.

                12th        During passage with KMS34 hit by GNAT torpedo from U593 in position 37.I0N, 06.05E

                                in Gulf of Bougie at 0600.

                                Hit amidships Port side.

                                (See SEEK and STRIKE by W Hackmann and HITLERíS U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.).

                                Ship broke in two but stem section remained afloat long enough for some survivors

                                to be rescued by HM Indian Sloop HYDERABAD and Tug HENGIST.

                                (Note: Others were found six hours later in the water.

                                The official casualty list included 73 names of those who died.

                                This submarine had been encountered off St Nazaire in March 1942 !

                                Extensive anti-submarine operations were carried after this loss during which HMS

                                HMS HOLCOMBE was also sunk by U593 with a GNAT torpedo.

                                U593 was forced to surface in the operations which lasted until December 13th and

                                scuttled. Ironically all her crew were rescued.)

 


 

Addendum

 

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS TYNEDALE

by Don Kindell

 

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above

 

 

 

 

 

Date convoy sailed

Joined convoy as escort

Convoy No.

Left convoy

Date convoy arrived

 

 

 

 

 

24/02/42

24/02/42

WP 117

26/02/42

26/02/42

01/04/42

01/04/42

PW 134

02/04/42

02/04/42

04/04/42

04/04/42

WP 136

06/04/42

07/04/42

11/04/42

11/04/42

PW 139

13/04/42

13/04/42

14/04/42

14/04/42

WP 141

16/04/42

16/04/42

17/04/42

17/04/42

PW 142

18/04/42

19/04/42

29/04/42

29/04/42

PW 148

01/05/42

01/05/42

02/05/42

02/05/42

WP 150

04/05/42

04/05/42

05/05/42

05/05/42

PW 151

07/05/42

07/05/42

12/05/42

12/05/42

WP 155

14/05/42

14/05/42

29/05/42

29/05/42

PW 163

31/05/42

31/05/42

01/06/42

01/06/42

WP 165

03/06/42

03/06/42

19/06/42

19/06/42

WP 174

21/06/42

21/06/42

29/06/42

29/06/42

WP 179

01/07/42

01/07/42

02/07/42

02/07/42

PW 180

03/07/42

04/07/42

12/10/42

12/10/42

WP 232

15/10/42

15/10/42

15/10/42

15/10/42

PW 233

18/10/42

18/10/42

20/10/42

20/10/42

WP 236

22/10/42

23/10/42

31/10/42

31/10/42

PW 241

03/11/42

03/11/42

20/11/42

20/11/42

PW 251

22/11/42

22/11/42

23/11/42

23/11/42

WP 253

24/11/42

25/11/42

26/11/42

26/11/42

PW 254

28/11/42

28/11/42

29/11/42

29/11/42

WP 256

30/11/42

01/12/42

02/12/42

03/12/42

PW 257

04/12/42

04/12/42

05/12/42

05/12/42

WP 259

07/12/42

07/12/42

06/12/42

07/12/42

PW 259

08/12/42

08/12/42

19/12/42

19/12/42

WP 266

21/12/42

21/12/42

22/12/42

22/12/42

PW 267

23/12/42

24/12/42

26/12/42

27/12/42

PW 269

28/12/42

28/12/42

29/12/42

29/12/42

WP 271

31/12/42

31/12/42

30/12/42

30/12/42

PW 271

31/12/42

01/01/43

01/01/43

01/01/43

PW 272

02/01/43

03/01/43

06/01/43

06/01/43

WP 275

07/01/43

08/01/43

20/01/43

21/01/43

WP 282

22/01/43

22/01/43

23/01/43

23/01/43

PW 283

25/01/43

25/01/43

24/01/43

25/01/43

WP 284

26/01/43

26/01/43

10/02/43

10/02/43

PW 292

11/02/43

12/02/42

13/02/43

13/02/43

WP 294

15/02/43

15/02/43

26/02/43

04/03/43

KMS 010G

08/03/43

11/03/43

10/03/43

10/03/43

TE 018

12/03/43

12/03/43

13/03/43

13/03/43

ET 014

17/03/43

17/03/43

14/03/43

24/03/43

KMS 011G

28/03/43

28/03/43

28/03/43

28/03/43

ET 016

01/04/43

01/04/43

02/04/43

11/04/43

UGF 007

13/04/43

12/04/43

24/06/43

05/07/43

KMS 018B

10/07/43

10/07/43

10/07/43

10/07/43

MKF 018

17/07/43

23/07/43

14/07/43

14/07/43

KMS 019Y

unknown

unknown

26/07/43

26/07/43

MKS 019Y

31/07/43

31/07/43

07/10/43

07/10/43

KMS 028

12/10/43

19/10/43

16/10/43

25/10/43

KMF 025

27/10/43

30/10/43

15/10/43

31/10/43

UGS 021

03/11/43

11/11/43

(Note on Convoys)

 

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