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SERVICE HISTORIES of ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS in WORLD WAR 2
by Lt Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2005

HMS CHURCHILL (I 45), later Russian DEYATELNYI - ex-US Destroyer
including Convoy Escort Movements

HMS Churchill (Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

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Ex USS HERNDON (Type A - ANNAPOLIS-Class) built by Newport News SB Co. The ship was launched on 31st May 1919 and transferred under the UK/US Lend Lease Agreement in September 1940. When commissioned she was named HMS USS HERNDON and later renamed CHURCHILL after the selected names for the Class were approved. The selection of this name is in some doubt. Town Class destroyers were given names common to places in USA and UK which in this case is common to a village in Nevada, a Worcestershire Hamlet and two places in Canada.  This destroyer was the first RN warship to bear the name but it is understood the post war submarine, second RN to bear this name was considered to have been originally named after the famous WW2 Prime Minister. As he was Member of Parliament for Wanstead. Essex  it was particularly appropriate that in March 1942 after a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign the ship was Ďadoptedí by the civil community of that area. now in the Greater London Borough of Redbridge. This may well be why the later ship believes the name was given to this renowned war leader.

 

B a t t l e   H o n o u r s

None

 

H e r a l d i c   D a t a

Badge: On a Field barry wavy of six White and Blue a lion rampant gardant White,

holding between the paws a staff Gold flying therefrom to the sinister a flag

Red charged  with a dexter hand couped white and charged on the body with

a hurt, thereon a mullet also White.

 

 

D e t a i l s   o f   W a r   S e r v i c e

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

 

1 9 4 0

 

September             Prepared for RN services.

                9th          Commissioned as HMS HERNDON at Halifax.

                                Prepared for passage to UK.

                10th        Names of TOWN Class destroyers announced

                                Sustained serious damage in collision with sister destroyer HMS WELBOURN C WOOD

                                (Later HMS CHESTERFIELD.)

                                Taken in hand for repair .

 

October                  Under repair

                2nd         Renamed HMS CHURCHILL

 

November              On completion of repair and sea trials took passage to UK with call at St Johns, Newfoundland.

                5th          Diverted to search for survivors from HM Armed Merchant Cruiser JERVIS BAY sunk in action

                                with German pocket battleship ADMIRAL SCHEER on 3rd.

                                Called in Iceland after search and resumed passage to Plymouth.

                17th        Arrived at Plymouth.

                                Taken in hand for refit by HM Dockyard Devonport to suit RN convoy defence requirements.

 

December              Under refit.

                                Nominated for service with Liverpool Escort Group.

 

1 9 4 1

 

January                  On completion of sea trials took passage to Liverpool to join Escort Group for service

                                in western Approaches.

                                (Note: One source records deployment as part of escort of ships on passage from Bristol

                                Channel to join military convoy WS5B.

                                Convoy assembled in Molfre Bay on 8th January)

                                Deployed for convoy escort duty in NW Approaches based at Liverpool.

 

February                Liverpool deployment in continuation.

to                            Transferred to Iceland and later joined 18th Escort Group in Newfoundland.

July                         Part of escort for Convoys SC39 and SC43/HX150.

                                For details of dates for Atlantic passages see ALLIED CONVOY SYSTEM IN WW2 by

                                A Hague.)

August                  Passage to Liverpool for repair.

 

September             Under repair in commercial shipyard at Liverpool

to

October

 

November              Transferred to Dundee for completion of repair.

 

December              Under repair in commercial shipyard at Dundee.

 

1 9 4 2

 

January                  On completion of repair joined 5th British Escort Group.

                                Transferred to Newfoundland with Group for convoy defence in support of US Navy.

                                (See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by C. Barnett and THE BATTLE OF THE

                                ATLANTIC by D Macintyre, U-BOAT WAR IN THE ATLANTIC (HMSO) and HITLERíS

                                U-BOAT WAR by C Blair for details of US Navy deficiencies in anti-submarine tactics).

 

February                Deployment for Atlantic and US coastal convoy defence in continuation.

to                            (For details of U-Boat operations and poor tactical reactions by RN during 1940 and 1941 see above

May                        references.

 

June                        Deployed with HM Destroyer HAVELOCK as escort for Convoys WAT13 and TAW12 in

                                Windward Passage.

 

July                         Convoy defence in western Atlantic continued.

to

August

 

September             Under refit in Charlestown, SC.

to December

 

1 9 4 3

 

January                  On completion of post refit trials transferred to 4th Canadian Escort Group.

                                Deployed for defence of Atlantic convoys

                9th          Part of escort for Convoy ONS158 with Group..

                                Under attack by FALKE Group of U-Boats

                                See above references.

 

February

                1st           Part of escort for Convoy hx224 with HM Canadian Destroyer RESTIGOUCHE, HM Canadian

                                Corvettes AMHERST, COLLINGWOOD, BRANDON, SHERBROOKE and HM Corvette

                                CELANDINE.

                                Under attack by FALKE Group of U-Boats which sank three ships over a three day period.

                                Later joined escort for military Convoy KMF10B to Algiers.

 

March                    Returned to Newfoundland from Algiers.

                                Resumed North Atlantic convoy escort duty.

 

April                       Part of escort for Convoy CN177 with Group.

                23rd        Part of escort for Convoys HX234 under threat from MEISE Group of U-Boats.

                                (For details of improved tactical measures and improvements in weapons see SEEK AND STRIKE

                                by W Hackmann and U-BOAT WAR IN THE ATLANTIC

 

May

                2nd         Part of escort for Convoy ONS8 and supplemented by British 2nd Support Group.

 

June                        Atlantic convoy escort with Group in continuation.

to

August

 

September             Part of escort for Convoy HX254 with Group.

                28th        Part of escort for Convoy ON203 with HM Destroyer HOTSPUR .HM Canadian Corvettes

                                COLLINGWOOD, WOODSTOCK and HM Corvettes NASTURTIUM, ORILLIA and

                                TRILLIUM.

                                Convoy diverted North of ROSSBACH U-Boat Group patrol line.

 

October                  Part of escort for Convoy HX260 with Group.

 

November              Atlantic convoy defence with Group in continuation.

 

December              Withdrawn from operational service because of increasing defect load and the availability

                                of new escorts.

 

1 9 4 4

 

January                  Passage to UK to pay off and de-store

                                Reduced to Reserve.

 

February                Laid up in Tyne.

to                            Nominated for loan to USSR.

March

 

April                       Under refit prior Russian naval service.

 

May                        Russian crew arrived.

                30th        Transferred to Russian Navy and renamed DEYATELNYI

  

S p e c i a l   N o t e s

 

HMS CHURCHILL as DEYATELNYI sailed to North Russia with Convoy JW59 that included the battleship ARKHANGELSKI (Ex HMS ROYAL SOVEREIGN) and other Ex USN Land-Lease destroyers being transferred to Russia. She then Joined the Northern Fleet and was deployed for convoy defence in the Arctic. On 16th January 1945 she was torpedoed and sunk by U956 in defence of a White Sea convoy. This destroyer was the only one of the TOWN Class loaned to the Soviet Navy which was lost.

 


 

Addendum

 

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS CHURCHILL

by Don Kindell

 

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above

 

 

 

 

 

Date convoy sailed

Joined convoy as escort

Convoy No.

Left convoy

Date convoy arrived

         

28/01/41

29/01/41

OB 279

01/02/41

02/02/41

21/01/41

03/02/41

HX 104

06/02/41

08/02/41

17/02/41

26/02/41

TC 009

27/02/41

27/02/41

06/05/41

16/05/41

HX 125A

18/05/41

22/05/41

01/06/41

07/06/41

HX 130

13/06/41

20/06/41

11/06/41

17/06/41

OB 334

23/06/41

25/06/41

30/06/41

06/07/41

HX 136

13/07/41

18/07/41

01/07/41

06/07/41

SC 036

13/07/41

19/07/41

11/07/41

16/07/41

OB 345

24/07/41

26/07/41

01/08/41

05/08/41

HX 142

12/08/41

18/08/41

15/08/41

21/08/41

ON 007

23/08/41

25/08/41

10/08/41

24/08/41

HX 144

unknown

30/08/41

10/09/41

12/09/41

HX 149

20/09/41

25/09/41

16/09/41

25/09/41

HX 150

28/09/41

30/09/41

03/03/42

05/03/42

ON 072

14/03/42

19/03/42

21/03/42

23/03/42

NA 006

28/03/42

28/03/42

08/04/42

08/04/42

CT 014

16/04/42

16/04/42

20/04/42

23/04/42

HX 186

01/05/42

02/05/42

15/05/42

16/05/42

ON 095

25/05/42

29/05/42

07/06/42

07/06/42

TO 005

09/06/42

09/06/42

13/06/42

13/06/42

OT 008

16/06/42

16/06/42

19/06/42

19/06/42

TO 008

21/06/42

21/06/42

28/06/42

28/06/42

OT 012

02/07/42

02/07/42

12/07/42

12/07/42

TAW 004

21/07/42

21/07/42

22/07/42

unknown

WAT 008

22/07/42

31/07/42

08/08/42

08/08/42

TAW 012

17/08/42

17/08/42

21/08/42

21/08/42

WAT 016

01/09/42

01/09/42

19/09/42

19/09/42

GN 005

26/09/42

26/09/42

04/12/42

11/12/42

SC 112

25/12/42

25/12/42

02/01/43

05/01/43

ON 158

17/01/43

23/01/43

10/03/43

10/03/43

MKF 010B

17/03/43

17/03/43

02/03/43

02/04/43

KMF 010B

09/03/43

09/03/43

06/04/43

07/04/43

ON 177

17/04/43

23/04/43

18/04/43

24/04/43

HX 235

03/05/43

05/05/43

17/05/43

18/05/43

ONS 008

29/05/43

01/06/43

05/06/43

08/06/43

SC 133

19/06/43

19/06/43

03/07/43

04/07/43

ONS 012

15/07/43

18/07/43

19/07/43

23/07/43

SC 137

03/08/43

03/08/43

14/08/43

15/08/43

ON 197

22/08/43

28/08/43

27/08/43

02/09/43

HX 254

09/09/43

12/09/43

22/09/43

23/09/43

ON 203

03/10/43

10/10/43

05/10/43

11/10/43

HX 260

18/10/43

20/10/43

31/10/43

09/11/43

ON 209

10/11/43

17/11/43

13/11/43

18/11/43

HX 266

26/11/43

27/11/43

09/12/43

10/12/43

ON 215

22/12/43

28/12/43

22/12/43

27/12/43

HX 272

04/01/44

06/01/44

 

 

 

 

 

(Note on Convoys)

 

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revised 15/8/11
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