a t t l e H o n o u r s
1916 - MEDITERRANEAN 1942
(turbulence) be absent'
of the submarines of this Class ordered in
September 1939 and the first warship of this
type to carry the name which was introduced
in 1804 for a Gun-Brig captured by the
Danes in 1808.
It was last borne by a destroyer launched in
1919 and sold in 1936 as part payment for the
liner MAJESTIC required for naval use.
completion of work-up in early 1942 she was
deployed in the Mediterranean for interception
of supply traffic to and from North African
ports. The most impressive record of sinkings
began during April 1942 when she sank two
supply ships off Brindisi
followed by three more off North Africa the
next month. On 29th May she torpedoed the
Italian destroyer EMANUELE PESSAGNO which sank
almost immediately off Benghazi. On her next
patrol in the Gulf of Sirte
during June she sank another freighter but
came under heavy attack from the destroyer
PEGASO when attacking a convoy of three
transports on 4th July. Although she sank the
hulk of the Italian destroyer STRALE which had
been stranded near Cape Bon after an air
attack in June, her record was marred on 17th
of that month when she torpedoed the Italian
mercantile NINO BIXIO off Navarino.
This ship was unmarked but was carrying 2,921
allied prisoners of war including many New
Zealand and Indian soldiers from Benghazi to Brindisi.
Over 400 were reported killed and the ship was
remained afloat. It is not known whether the
intended passage of this ship was known by
further patrols in the rest of the year three
more supply ships were sunk and the submarine
also took part in the allied landings in North
Africa (Operation TORCH) when deployed to
prevent any Italian intervention during
passage of the assault convoys. Early in 1943
whilst based at Algiers for duty in the
western Mediterranean she carried out a patrol
in the Tyrrhenian Sea and added another three
mercantiles to her
list of successful sinkings.
During her next patrol in this area on 14th
March she was attacked and sunk by Italian
torpedo boats. Her sinkings
tons in nine months and her Commanding
Officer, Commander J W Linton, RN was awarded
a posthumous Victoria Cross.