1 9 3 9
on China Station.
4th Re-commissioned at Hong Kong for continued service on China
ships company had taken passage by sea to join ship)
12th Sailed from Hong Kong for Singapore to refit
after leaving Hong Kong..
19th Arrived at Singapore and taken in hand for refit.
31st Undocked after ship required for service in view of
possibility of war with Germany
September Deployed on China Station and
transferred to join East Indies Squadron.
1st Sailed for war station and deployed with HM Cruiser
BIRMINGHAM and HM
for interception of German mercantiles
4th Carried out interception patrol off west coast of Sumatra.
German mercantile FRANKEN.
6th Took passage to Colombo for deployment on East Indies
10th Arrived at Colombo after aircraft launched to RAF airfield at
Ratamala for night landing
25th Sailed from Colombo to meet HM Cruiser LIVERPOOL for escort
of mercantile into
passage in Indian Ocean from Bombay..
28th Arrived at Colombo
29th Sailed for interception patrol in Indian Ocean
5th Returned to Colombo from patrol.
service with HM Cruisers CORNWALL and DORSETSHIRE
Force I to carry
out trade defence duties in Indian Ocean.
commerce raiders were known to be active in the area and enemy
passage were to be intercepted. Similar Hunting Groups
were formed for
this purpose in the Atlantic.)
11th Took passage to meet HMS CORNWALL and proceed to together to
for formation of
13th Arrived at Trincomalee with HMS CORNWALL after entry delayed
passage to Colombo with HMS CORNWALL after refuelling.
15th Arrived at Colombo.
patrol south of Ceylon with HMS CORNWALL
17th Joined by HM Cruiser LIVERPOOL for Indian Ocean patrol
20th Remained on patrol when HMS GLOUCESTER detached.
23rd Returned to Colombo.
aircraft carried out search operations during ocean patrols.
28th Sailed from Colombo with HM Cruisers DAUNTLESS and DURBAN fot
1st Arrived at Singapore with same ships.
8th Took passage to Colombo from Singapore with HM Australian
12th Arrived at Colombo
14th Deployed with HMS DORSETSHIRE and CORNWALL for Indian Ocean
18th Returned to Colombo with same ships.
25th Sailed from Colombo with HMS DORSETSHIRE, HMS CORNWALL and HM
Destroyer WATERHEN to meet French convoy on passage to Colombo.
(Note: Crew of
SWORDFISH aircraft which had ditched were rescued by HMAS
1st Diverted whilst off Madagascar and took passage south to
carry out search for
Archipelago for German battleships GRAF SPEE and ADMIRAL SHEER
known to be
carrying out attacks on shipping
3rd HMS DORSETSHIRE detached to carry out search near
5th Two aircraft unable to find ship on return from search due to
Ship laid smoke
screen which was sighted by aircraft and enabled safe return.
7th At Diego Suarez and met HMS GLOUCESTER
8th Sailed from Diego Suarez with HMS GLOUCESTER and HMS
took independent passage to Durban for routine docking.
order for passage to Simonstown was cancelled.)
12th Arrived at Durban.
14th Despatched to Capetown support HMS Cruisers AJAX, ACHILLES
of action against German GRAF SPEE which had taken refuge in
Battle of the River Plate on 13th.
16th Diversion cancelled and took return passage.
(Note: This may
have been because reinforcement by other ships had been arranged.
See Naval Staff
21st Arrived in Durban for delayed docking.
22nd Resumed Indian Ocean interception duties with HMS CORNWALL and
24th HMS CORNWALL detached..
26th Refuelled at Mauritius and resumed patrol with HMS
29th At Seychelles after search in Carajos Islands.
31st Sailed for Colombo
1 9 4 0
January Nominated for escort of
military Convoy US1.
convoy was carrying ANZAC troops for service in Egypt.)
4th Arrived at Colombo.
Cruiser SUSSEX in 4th Cruiser Squadron
5th HMS SUSSEX with CinC East Indies arrived in Colombo,
6th CinC visited ship.
15th Sailed from Colombo with HMS SUSSEX and HMAS HOBART for
17th Returned to Colombo with same ships.
25th Sailed for Trincomalee.
26th At Trincomalee
31st Sailed from Trincomalee with HMAS HOBART to meet HMS SUSSEX
1st Joined HM Battleship RAMILLIES and HM Cruiser KENT with
same ships to
comprised twelve Large Ocean Liners including a French and a
6th HM Destroyer WESTCOTT on passage from
Singapore joined US1and was
8th Arrived at Aden with US1.
(Note: Ship had
steamed 34,889 miles since 3rd September 1939 and aircraft
had carried out
search of over 365 square miles since 1st January).
9th Carried out patrol in Gulf of Aden escorted by HMS WESTCOTT
to cover passage of
17th Sailed from Aden for Colombo with HMS RAMILLIES and HMS
resume Force I
21st Nominated for return to UK.
25th Arrived at Colombo and planned return to UK cancelled,
Ship required to
relieve HM Cruiser KENT in escort for second ANZAC troop
during passage in Indian Ocean.
March At Colombo
5th Carried out gunnery exercises on passage to Trincomalee for
Force I service.
6th Deployed for Indian Ocean interception patrol in Ceylon
area until 12th when to be
Force I to take passage to Singapore for refit prior to joining US2
12th Took passage from Trincomalee for Singapore with HMAS HOBART.
13th Diverted to investigate report of suspicious vessel in Bay of
14th Whilst proceeding independently major explosion occurred in F
bomb room where
250 lb aircraft
bombs were being stowed in bomb room after removal from aircraft.
14 members of
ships company were killed and three seriously injured.
Fire in hangar
area was extinguished by automatic sprinkler system causing damage
15th Resumed passage to Singapore during which burial of those
killed took place.
16th Arrived at Singapore and remaining bombs landed.
subsequent Board of Enquiry found that the explosion of a bomb in F
bomb room had
been caused by damage to a safety device which could have
during heavy landing of an aircraft although rigorous procedures
were carried out
to check this mechanism after any suspect damage. For
to aircraft and
explosion caused expensive structural damage.
EAGLES WAR by P. Smith.)
27th Ship entered dry-dock
deployment with US2 cancelled.
moved into Shore Accommodation.)
April Under repair and refit
Homing Beacon was fitted to assist return of aircraft in poor weather
May Nominated for transfer
to Mediterranean Fleet to replace HM Aircraft GLORIOUS
which had been
recalled to Home waters after German invasion of Norway.
9th Sailed from Singapore to join Fleet at Alexandria with calls
at Colombo and Aden.
23rd Passage in Red Sea in company with HM Cruisers LIVERPOOL,
26th Arrived at Port Said independently.
cruisers detached during passage.)
27th Joined Mediterranean Fleet escorted by HM Destroyers HEREWARD
1st Battle Squadron comprising HM Battleships WARSPITE,
SOVEREIGN, VALIANT and MALAYA
June Carried out exercises
with HM Battleships WARSPITE, MALAYA, ROYAL
French battleship LORRAINE and screen of four destroyers.
were in anticipation of outbreak of war with Italy.)
10th Sailed from Alexandria with HMS WARSPITE, HMS MALAYA, HM
LIVERPOOL, GLOUCESTER, CALEDON and CALYPSO
screened by HM
Destroyers DAINTY, HASTY, ILEX, JANUS, JUNO, NUBIAN,
VAMPIRE (RAN) and VOYAGER RAN) to take up position in Aegean
Sea to engage
any Italian major Fleet units which may take passage prior to or immediately
on outbreak of
11th Hostilities started at 0001 BST.
destroyers detached on relief by HM Destroyers HAVOCK, HERO,
HOSTILE, HYPERION and IMPERIAL.
12th Carried out air search for shipping without success.
passage with Fleet unit and ships of 7th Cruiser Squadron which had been
shipping sweep in an area east of Sicily.
under submarine attack during which HM Cruiser CALYPSO was torpedoed
submarine BAGNOLINI and sank with loss of 38 lives.
14th Arrived at Alexandria after minesweep had been carried out by
Aircrew were landed to fly GLADIATOR aircraft from Dekehelia
22nd Deployed with HMS RAMILLIES and HMS ROYAL SOVEREIGN with
screen to carry
out offensive sweep between Libyan coast and south Italy.
23rd Returned to Alexandria when BQ cancelled.
27th Sailed from Alexandria with HM Battleships RAMILLIES. ROYAL
GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, NEPTUNE, ORION and SYDNEY screened
28th Deployed as Force B with HMS RAMILLIES, ROYAL SOVEREIGN, HM
HEREWARD, HERO and HYPERION of 2nd Destroyer Flotilla
Distant Cover for passage of Convoys MS1 and MF1 from Malta to Alexandria
as well as
Convoy AS1 from Piraeus to Alexandria (Operation MA3).
cruisers deployed as Force A engaged three Italian destroyers during MA 3
(ESPERO). For details see Naval Staff History, THE BATTLE FOR
MEDITERRANEAN by D MacIntyre)
29th Aircraft sighted and reported Italian submarines.
(Note: ARGONAUTA, UEBI SCEBELI and LUIZZI were sunk in the A/S operations
aircraft and HM Destroyers DAINTY, DECOY, DEFENDER, ILEX
(RAN) deployed as Force C.)
2nd Returned to Alexandria with Fleet units.
passage of MS1 and MS1 was postponed on 28th June because of the
expenditure of 6in ammunition.)
3rd Ship involved in measures taken by CinC Mediterranean to
ensure French warships
Alexandria under his overall command were prevented from leaving the
was trained on French warships.
measures had been required following the withdrawal of France from
further details see RELUCTANT ENEMIES by W Tute and
Histories which include the operations at Oran which were far
5th Sailed from Alexandria with HM Battleships WARSPITE, MALAYA
Cruisers GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, NEPTUNE and ORION
screened by HM
Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, HASTY, HOSTILE, HYPERION,
JANUS, JUNO, VAMPIRE (RAN) and VOYAGER (RAN)
Distant Cover for passage of MS1 and MF1 which had been postponed.)
aircraft based ashore at Maaten Bagush caerried out torpedo attacks on
Tobruk sinking the destroyer ZEFFIRO and a mercantile with
another destroyer and mercantile.)
8th Under sustained air attacks.
movements reported by RAF flying boats enabled preparation for engagement
to be made.
9th Launched torpedo aircraft attacks on
enemy Fleet units.
RN units. Detached from Battle Squadron and Cruiser Squadron during Fleet
(Battle of Calabria – For full details see Naval Staff History)
10th Launched air attacks on Augusta, Sicily
sinking the destroyer LEONI PANCALLO in the
(Note: This ship was subsequently salvaged and returned to service only to be sunk
in April 1943)
11th Under sustained air attacks which were unsuccessful although
ship was near missed.
`14th Returned to Alexandria with 1st Battle
Squadron having maintained anti-submarine
patrols as part
of Distant Cover for the two convoys.
25th Under night air attacks in harbour whilst at Alexandria
26th Further night air raids
27th Deployed with HM Battleships WARSPITE, MALAYA and RAMILLIES
of 1st Battle
Cruisers NEPTUNE and SYDNEY (RAN) screened by HM Destroyers
NUBIAN, MOHAWK, HEREWARD, IMPERIAL and POLISH
ORP GARLAND to
provide Distant Cover for passage of Convoy AN2 from Egypt to
29th Under air attacks during which ship’s aircraft destroyed one
30th Returned to Alexandria.
31st Deployed with HM Battleships MALAYA and ROYAL SOVEREIGN
screened by HM
JERVIS, HERO, HEREWARD, HASTY, HOSTILE, IMPERIAL, ILEX and
as Force B to carry out diversionary operation coincident with Malta
delivery by HM Aircraft Carrier ARGUS in western Mediterranean
–diversion for Operation HURRY by Force H)
August Since commissioning mileage
steamed was 54,671.
1st On completion of gunnery exercises Force B had to return
to harbour instead of carrying
out cruise in
MALAYA had developed machine problems requiring repairs.)
22nd Detached aircraft based at Maaten Bagush carried out attacks
submarine IRIDE and a depot ship MONTE GARGANO were sunk and a
EURO was damaged.
30th Sailed from Alexandria to provide Distant Cover for passage
of convoy MF2 to Malta
and to meet HM
Aircraft Carrier ILLUSTRIOUS, HM Battleship VALIANT, HM
CARLISLE and COVENTRY (Force F) joining the Mediterranean Fleet.
(Operation MB3 –
Part of joint Operation HATS with Force H based at Gibraltar,
(Note: The other
Mediterranean Fleet ships, designated as Force I comprised
WARSPITE and MALAYA, HM Cruisers GLOUCESTER,
ORION and SYDNEY (RAN) with HM Destroyers
HASTY, HEREWARD, HYPERION, ILEX,
(RAN), VAMPIRE (RAN), VENDETTA
Polish ORP GARLAND.)
31st Under air attack.
units reported by aircraft from ship
Fleet returned to base.
2nd Force F ships joined Force I off Malta.
Fleet sighted by reconnaissance aircraft from ship.
4th Under air attacks which delayed launch of aircraft for
planned bombing of airfield
Rhodes. Four aircraft from ship were lost.
5th Returned to Alexandria with Fleet units.
(See Naval Staff
History for details of HATS)
inspection of hull in case of near miss damage.
7th Undocked and resumed operational duties,
21st Carried out daylight landing exercises.
8th Provided cover for passage of Convoy MF3 during passage to
ships of Mediterranean Fleet providing cover were HM Battleships
RAMILLIES and WARSPITE, HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HM
GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, ORION, SYDNEY (RAN)
and YORK with HM
Destroyers DAINTY, DECOY, DEFENDER, HAVOCK,
HEREWARD, HERO, ILEX, IMPERIAL, JANUS
NUBIAN, VAMPIRE (RAN) and VENDETTA (RAN)
12th Ships aircraft located damaged Italian destroyer ARTIGLIERE
which was under
damage in an action with HMS AJAX on 11th during which two
destroyers, ARIEL and AIRONE were sunk. See Naval Staff History.)
(Note: ARTIGLIERE was later sunk by HMS YORK.
attacks during which the two aircraft carriers claimed destruction of five
14th Further air attacks by bomb and torpedo aircraft. HMS
LIVERPOOL was hit by a
Alexandria with Fleet units.
20th Carried out day and night deck landing trials escorted by HM
Destroyers DECOY, HASTY,
and ILEX, returning on 21st.
aircraft operating from shore carried out air attacks and minelaying on 23rd
25th Deployed with HMS MALAYA, HM Cruisers ORION, SYDNEY (RAN), HMS
COVENTRY and screen
of eight destroyers to provide cover from north bound Convoy
AN5 to Greece
during passage from Egypt (Operation MAQ2)
27th Air strikes launched for attack on Port Matenza, Rhodes.
28th Returned to Alexandria with Fleet units.
forces entered Greece on this day.)
29th Sailed from Alexandria with HM Battleships WARSPITE, MALAYA,
Cruisers YORK, ORION, SYDNEY (RAN) and GLOUCESTER screened by
to provide cover for passage of military convoys taking stores and
personnel to set
up forward operating base at Suda Bay in Crete (Operation BARBARITY)
1st Under heavy and sustained attacks whilst deployed with
Fleet units in Aegean to provide
protection and anti-submarine patrols.
Alexandria with Fleet units.
5th Examination of hull revealed significant damage and
accounted for contamination of
system by damage caused during air attacks in recent weeks.
operational service and nominated for extensive refit.
ILLUSTRIOUS had joined the Fleet at Alexandria in September and amongst
deficiencies of this ship was lack of any radar and unprotected upper deck.
planned air attacks on Italian Fleet at Taranto was not possible and
some air crew
were transferred to HMS ILLUSTRIOUS to take part.
6th Under repair.
16th Sailed from Alexandria and took passage to Suda Bay to
provide cover for passage of troop
convoys to Greece.
17th Took return passage from Suda Bay with HM Battleship BARHAM,
19th At Alexandria after delay on passage due to machinery defects
in HMS BARHAM
23rd Deployed as Force C with HM Battleships RAMILLIES and MALAYA,
(RAN), AJAX and ORION with destroyer screen and took passage to
Suda Bay to
provide cover for a series of joint operations with Force H which included
transit of Malta
relief convoys including additional reinforcements for Fleet at Alexandria.
(Operation MB9 –
Part of overall joint Operation COLLAR,, see Naval Staff History).
24th Under air attacks at Suda Bay but sailed same day.
25th Deployed with Fleet units to cover passage of Convoy MF4
26th Detached and took passage to carry out planned air operations.
night air attacks on Tripoli.
29th Returned to Alexandria.
(Note: For full
details of COLLAR see Naval Staff History)
December Deployed at Alexandria.
Under repair to
stern gland defects.
and 824 disembarked for operations based ashore.
Nominated for future deployment for Ocean interception and trade defence duties
for release from Mediterranean Fleet duties after arrival of HM
1 9 4 1
6th Carried out Deck Landing trials with SEA GLADIATOR
11th Deployed with HMS BARHAM, HMS AJAX and destroyer screen to
attacks on Dodecanese as Force X (Operation MC6).
12th Operation MC6 cancelled because of damage to HMS ILLUSTRIOUS.
ILLUSTRIOUS had been deployed in defence of major joint operation
with Force H to
pass convoys to Malta.
EXCESS – See Naval Staff History)
embarked in Alexandria for passage to Malta transferred to HMS
PERTH (RAN) at
Suda Bay for onward passage.
13th Sailed from Suda Bay with HMS BARHAM to carry out air
operations in area near
cancelled due to weather conditions.
eased launched aircraft to search for Italian convoy which was sighted.
attack failed to locate convoy.
aircraft failed to return from search.)
15th Returned to Suda Bay when planned attacks on Benghazi were
units to cover passage of Convoy ME6 from Malta.
(Note: Part of
17th Returned to Alexandria with Fleet units.
23rd Carried out air defence exercises in
25th Docked at Alexandria.
30th Resumed Fleet duties.
February First FULMAR aircraft embarked and four SWORDFISH
transferred for shore base
1st Took part in Fleet air defence
3rd Returned to Alexandria.
19th Carried out Deck Landing training for
BREWSTER BUFFALO aircraft which were
completion took passage to join Force A.
21st Joined HM Battleships BARHAM and
VALIANT screened by nine
for Operation MC8.
attack repelled by ships aircraft which destroyed one machine before reaching
See Naval Staff History for details of MC8
22nd Returned to Alexandria with Force A ships.
3rd Carried out successful BREWSTER BUFFALO Deck Landing
carried out Boiler Clean at Alexandria prior to Ocean deployment.
held at Alexandria pending arrival of HMS FORMIDABLE to replace
taken out of service for repair.
for release from Mediterranean was dependant on clearance
of mines and
wrecks in Suez Canal.)
25th Disembarked Squadrons remained ashore and transferred to Port
Sudan to counter
threat to convoy traffic in Red Sea by warships based at Massawa.
3rd Squadron aircraft carried out successful attacks on Italian
SAURA, DANIELE MANIN, PANTERA, TIGRE and DANIELE
sunk directly or scuttled after being seriously damaged.
See EAGLE’S WAR
by P smith and WARSHIP LOSSES OF WW2 by D Brown)
8th HMS FORMIDABLE arrived and released from Mediterranean
9th Took passage from Alexandria escorted by HM Destroyers
ENCOUNTER and DECOY
10th Escort detached and ship began Canal transit.
in Great Bitter Lake due to obstruction.
15th Resumed transit when obstruction cleared.
16th Refuelled at Port Suez
18th At Port Tewfik.
19th Took passage to Aden and re-embarked aircraft.
deployment with Hunting Group V which included
LEANDER (RNZN) ).
21st Joined HM Cruiser CORNWALL at Aden and took passage to
26th Arrived at Mombasa.
(Note: HM Cruisers
GLASGOW and COLOMBO and HM Destroyers KINGSTON and
29th Despatched from Mombasa to search for commerce raider which
has attacked a
30th Aircraft sighted a mercantile but ships was identified as a
joint search with HM Cruiser HAWKINS did not take place.)
May Intended deployment with
Indian Ocean Hunting Group cancelled and ship nominated
for service at
3rd Took return passage to Mombasa after fruitless air searches.
4th Arrived at Mombasa to refuel
5th Deployed with HMS HAWKINS to carry out search for German
PINGUIN known to
be active in Indian Ocean.
was sunk on 8th by HMS CORNWALL.
9th Arrived at Durban after passage at reduced speed to
conserve fuel stock.
10th Sailed from Durban to Capetown for further search duty in
South Atlantic with HM
NELSON had been part of escort for military convoy during passage to
Middle East from
was made to carry out search for German commerce raider
to be active in South Atlantic.)
Arrived at Cape
Town for duty in South Atlantic.
weather conditions were experienced in Capetown which caused a
from HMS NELSON to capsize with loss of life.)
13th Sailed from Capetown for search with HMS NELSON and HMS
18th German raider passed close to the searching ships overnight
See EAGLE’S WAR
and GERMAN RAIDERS OF WW2 by R Hale.)
Refuelled at St
Helena and sailed a few hours later.
19th Resumed search.
22nd HM Destroyers DUNCAN and HIGHLANDER join as escort for passage
23rd HM Destroyers BOREAS and VELOX relieved
escort. and rejoined after
25th Arrived at Freetown with same four
26th HMS NELSON detached and sailed for
29th Sailed from Freetown on completion of
search with HM Cruiser DUNEDIN.
June (Note: The search operations for German supply ships known to be deployed
support of German battleship BISMARCK were controlled direct
the Admiralty in London based on decryption of German ENIGMA
(See BRITISH INTELLIGENCE IN WW2 by Hinsley)
5th Refuelled from HM Feet Auxiliary
6th Aircraft bombed blockade runner ELBE which scuttled near
13th Refuelled from BISHOPSDALE.
15th German U-Boat supply ship LOTHRINGEN sighted by aircraft in
30W enabling capture by HMS DUNEDIN.
(Note: LOTHRINGEN later became EMPIRE SALVAGE.)
17th Deployed in further search operation
with HM Cruiser LONDON, HMS
and HMS BRILLIANT.
19th Returned to Freetown to replenish.
July Nominated for
interception patrol with HMS LONDON, HMS DUNEDIN and
Merchant Cruiser ALCANTARA as Hunting Group Z.
5th Sailed for patrol in South Atlantic with HMS ALCANTARA
escorted by HM
8th Arrived at St Helena and joined HMS DUNEDIN.
9th Resumed patrol.
23rd Returned to ST Helena.
24th Deployed for patrol WSW of St Helena
3rd Returned to St Helena to refuel and embarked 43 labourers
for passage to Freetown.
took return passage to Freetown
(Note: Instructions for passage included interception of Vichy French mercantiles
known to be
attempting passage from Far East to France.)
10th Arrived at Freetown for boiler clean and R&R..
21st Deployment for interception and patrol in South Atlantic to
be continued until end of
request of CinC South Atlantic.
Admiralty had required ship to return to UK.)
period in Freetown one of ship’s company was killed by as fall when
a guard rail
failed whilst he was on Bridge structure.
Ship also assisted
in rescue of personnel after a picket boat capsized whilst
returning to HM
Sloop BRIDGEWATER with liberty men. Eight on board
lost their lives
and twelve were rescued by a motor boat from EAGLE.)
29th Took passage from Freetown with HM
Cruiser DORSETSHIRE to meet HM Cruiser
for convoy defence.
(Note: A German
cruiser has been reported in the area and presented a threat to many
passage in South Atlantic.)
September Deployed as Force F with same
6th Refuelling with HM Fleet Tanker ECHODALE failed due to
7th Further refuelling again failed.
9th Resumed patrol with HMS DORSETSHIRE after completion of
17th Refuelled at St Helena with difficulty due to weather
18th Deployed with HMS DORSETSHIRE in search for raider (Operation
20th Fire broke out in hangar when pyrotechnic ignited during
in hangar were drenched by immediate operation of spray
Only four SWORDFISH were available for operations
21st Ship’s WALRUS aircraft crashed whilst landing on deck and
rescued with some injuries.
terminated due to machinery problems which reduced speed
in evaporators had made necessary speed reduction and emphasised
need for refit
already evident by overall state of machinery)
26th Refuelled at St Helena.
28th Ship took passage to Freetown with HMS DORSETSHIRE.
3rd Arrived at Freetown.
4th Took passage from Freetown with HM Cruiser DUNEDIN, Free
DETROYAT and two RN corvettes.
other ships later detached.)
9th HM Destroyer WILD SWAN joined as escort.
11th Arrived at Gibraltar with HMS WILD SWAN and HM Escort
21st Sailed from Gibraltar with HM Aircraft ARGUS with Local
Escort by HM Destroyers
FORESTER, SIKH and ZULU.
26th Arrived in Clyde and aircraft disembarked during passage.
30th Took passage to Liverpool for refit by Cammell Laird,
escorted by Polish destroyer
1st Docked for refit.
of Refit was under review because of loss of HMS ARK ROYAL and
implications of war with Japan.)
December Under refit.
(Note: Refit work included fit of RN radar (Type 291 for surface warning and three
Type 285 for
fire control of AA armament. 20mm Oerlikon guns were
fitted for close
range defence against air attacks.
Ship was to
carry out 14 days work-up on completion before resuming
1 9 4 2
January Under refit and carried out
9th Sailed from Liverpool for Clyde escorted by HM Destroyer
SKATE and Polish
Carried out Post
15th Commenced work-up for service based in Clyde.
27th Completed work-up and prepared for
service in Mediterranean as replacement.
for HMS ARK
February Nominated for Ocean Escort of
military convoy WS16 during Atlantic passage.
17th Joined military convoy WS16 with
HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Aircraft
Cruiser HERMIONE screened by HM Destroyers ACTIVE,
BLANKNEY, CROOME, DUNCAN, FIREDRAKE, LAFOREY and
FORMIDABLE which also joined Ocean Escort was with this convoy
on passage to
21st Detached with other ships intended for service in
23rd Joined Force H at Gibraltar,
27th Deployed with HMS MALAYA, HMS ARK ROYAL, HMS ARGUS and HMS
screened by HM Destroyers LAFOREY, LIGHTNING, BLANKNEY,
ACTIVE, ANTHONY, WHITEHALL and WISHART
delivery of SPITFIRE aircraft to Malta from western Mediterranean
28th Returned to Gibraltar when operation cancelled due to defects
in aircraft long range
6th Carried out Malta aircraft delivery with HM Aircraft
Carrier ARGUS, covered by
HERMIONE (Repeat Operation SPOTTER).
EXMOOR was deployed with screen in place of HMS LAFOREY
8th Returned to Gibraltar after successful launch.
11th Under repair to machinery
21st Repeated Malta aircraft deliveries with HMS ARGUS, escorted
by HMS MALAYA
and HMS HERMIONE
(Operation PICKET I).
aircraft were unserviceable but two BEAUFORT and SPITFIRES were
28th Second aircraft delivery with same ships (Operation PICKET
30th On return to Gibraltar taken in hand for further repair by HM
April Under repair.
30th Carried out exercises with HM Cruiser CHARYBDIS.
8th Deployed for Malta aircraft delivery with US aircraft
carrier USS WASP as part
of Force W. HM
Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Cruiser CHARYBDIS screened by
ANTELOPE, ECHO, GEORGETOWN, ITHURIEL, INTREPID,
SALISBURY, VIDETTE, WISHART and WRESTLER. US Navy
and STERRETT were also deployed in screen.
BOWERY - See Naval Staff History.
10th Returned to Gibraltar with Force W.
17th Malta aircraft delivery with HMS ARGUS, escorted by HMS
by HM Destroyers
ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, PARTRIDGE, VIDETTE, WISHART.
20th Returned to Gibraltar after air attacks during passage after
launch. See EAGLE’S WAR
1st Carried out exercises with HMS CHARYBDIS,
2nd Malta aircraft delivery escorted by HMS CHARYBDIS and
screened by HM Destroyers
WESTCOTT, WISHART and WRESTLER (Operation STYLE).
4th Returned to Gibraltar after successful launch.
aircraft failed to arrive after attack by German aircraft from Pantellaria.)
8th Malta aircraft delivery escorted by HM Cruisers CAIRO and
HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, PARTRIDGE, WESTCOTT, WISHART
WRESTLER (Operation SALIENT).
11th Deployed as Force W with HMS MALAYA. HMS ARGUS, HM Cruisers
CHARYBDIS screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, ESCAPADE, ICARUS,
WESTCOTT, WISHART and WRESTLER for escort of Malta supply
(Note: Force X
comprised of ships to act as Close Escort during passage to Malta through
Narrows. Force Y was made up of an RFA tanker and two corvettes for
supply of fuel
to escorts during passage.)
12th (Operation HARPOON - See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by C Barnett,
THE BATTLE FOR
THE MEDITERRANEAN by Donald MacIntyre, EAGLE’S WAR and
the Naval Staff
History for details of Malta aircraft deliveries and Mediterranean
13th Under heavy and sustained air attacks.
14th Air attacks including torpedo bombers in
continuation and HMS LIVERPOOL hit
15th Return passage to Gibraltar after Force
17th Arrived at Gibraltar
14th Malta aircraft delivery escorted by HMS CHARYBDIS and HMS
CAIRO screened by
ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, VANSITTART, WESTCOTT and WRESTLER
by Italian submarine failed during passage to launch area.)
16th Returned to Gibraltar.
20th Deployed with same ships for repeat Malta aircraft delivery (Operation
22nd Returned to Gibraltar
7th Joined HM Aircraft Carriers VICTORIOUS, INDOMITABLE,
FURIOUS and ARGUS
in Atlantic for
series of exercises to improve Fighter
Direction and multi-carrier
techniques prior to defence of planned Malta convoy.
BERSERK see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse.)
10th Joined HM Battleship NELSON, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HMS
VICTORIOUS escorted by Fleet destroyers to provide cover for passage of
Convoy WS21S to
PEDESTAL - see above references.)
11th Under attack by U73 which penetrated destroyer screen. Hit by
four torpedoes and
sank in eight
minutes south of Majorca (Position 38.05N 03.02E).900 of her
1160 were rescued by HM Destroyers LAFOREY, LOOKOUT
and a Tug.). (Casualty List
above references, MALTA CONVOYS by Woodman and PEDESTAL by P Smith.