1 9 4 1
trials and commissioning.
completed and commenced Acceptance Trials escorted by HM Destroyer WORCESTER.
service in the
July On completion of trials and storing took
Worked-up with Home
August On completion of work-up taken in hand for refit to
replace damaged propellers and improve AA
(Note: Quadruple machine gun
mountings replaced by five single 20mm Oerlikon guns.)
escort of military convoy WS11X during passage to Gibraltar.
(Note: This identity was later
allocated to ships
Bombay section of a military convoy also identified
during its passage from
Glasgow to the
September Embarked 300 RAF personnel and took
passage to join escort for WS11X
(Operation HALBERD – For details of
ships involved see THE MALTA CONVOYS by
R Woodman, THE
BATTLE FOR THE
MEDITERRANEAN by D Macintyre, THE NAVAL
WAR IN THE
MEDITERRANEAN 1940-43 by Greene
and Massignani and The Naval
escort for WS11X
with HM Cruisers
SHEFFIELD and HERMIONE
HM Destroyers COSSACK, ZULU, FORESIGHT, FORESTER, FARNDALE,
ORIBI, LAFOREY and
LIGHTING as Force X for escort of Malta relief convoy.
(Note: Ships of Force H provided
cover for passage of this convoy in western
HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL with HMS HERMIONE during air operations.
Under sustained air
from Force H ships for passage through Sicilian Channel with Force X as escort
Malta with Force X after arrival of mercantiles
Harbour and took passage to
Gibraltar as part of Force W.
Took passage from Gibraltar to Alexandria via
Cape of Good Hope with call at
November Passage in
Indian Ocean and
15th Cruiser Squadron at
Alexandria for service in Mediterranean Fleet.
out bombardment of Bardia with HM Cruisers NAIAD and
GALATEA in support of
with HM Cruisers AJAX, GALATEA, NAIAD and
NEPTUNE as Force B in
on passage to
Cover was provided by Force
A made up of HM Battleships QUEEN ELIZABETH,
HM Battleship BARHAM was torpedoed and sunk as Force
A was returning after this sortie
(See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY,
BATTLE FOR THE
and TUBAL CAIN by D Muskett).
HM Cruisers NEPTUNE and
AJAX, HM Destroyers
with HMS NAIAD, HM Destroyer
GRIFFIN and HM
Destroyer HOTSPUR for part of passage to
Carried out interception
See Naval Staff History (HMSO) for
with HM Cruisers NAIAD and GALATEA, HM Destroyers
GRIFFIN and HOTSPUR
destroyer attacks en convoys.
enemy positions at Derna.
with HM Cruisers GALATEA and NAIAD to intercept enemy convoys to ports in North
14th Returned to Alexandria when Italian convoys recalled.
cover for passage of HM Supply Ship BRECONSHIRE to
Malta and returning convoy
Alexandria with HM Cruisers NAIAD and
engaged Italian warships LITTORIO, DORIA, CESARE and destroyer screen.
(1st Battle of Sirte - See BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN) and above
Alexandria when Italian
frogmen placed limpet mines on HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH and
1 9 4 2
H M Supply Ship GLENGYLE to
Malta and H M Supply Ship BRECONSHIRE to
Alexandria with HM
Cruisers NAIAD and DIDO as Force B.
with HMS NAIAD and HMS DIDO to cover convoy to
Malta escorted by HM AA
CARLISLE and HM Destroyers KELVIN,
KIPLING, HAVOCK, HOTSPUR and
24th Escorted HMS BRECONSHIRE to
Malta and return of empty ships HMS GLENGYLE and
Convoy MF4) with HMS DIDO and HMS NAIAD screened by 8 destroyers.
(For details see above references).
cover for Convoys MW9A and MW9B to
Malta with HMS NAIAD and HMS DIDO
eight Fleet destroyers.
(Note: After heavy air attacks and
loss of merchant ships returned to
Alexandria with a convoy
Malta (See above references.).
with HMS DIDO, HMS NAIAD and screen of ten destroyers in search for an Italian
damaged in a torpedo attack.
unsuccessful search came under air attack during return to
(Note: HMS NAIAD was sunk by U-Boat
torpedo during this operation).
15th Bombarded Rhodes with HMS DIDO and 6 destroyers.
cover for Convoy MW10 to
Malta with HM Cruisers CLEOPATRA, DIDO and four
Fleet destroyers. (Operation MG1).
22nd Took pert in engagement with Italian Fleet in defence of
splinters from 15in shell which burst alongside.
(2nd Battle of Sirte
- For full details see above references and
MAELSTROM by G. C.
April Deployed with Mediterranean Fleet in support
of military operations and for interception of
May Deployed in
Convoy MW11 with H M Cruisers CLEOPATRA, DIDO,
(For full details of this disastrous
and ill directed see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY
by C Barnett
and above references.)
Alexandria after heavy air attacks, by E- Boats and threat from major
(Note: This operation was a failure
and misdirected by Cin C ashore at
HM Battleship QUEEN ELIZABETH from
cut bombardments of Mersa Matruh
with HMS DIDO and four Fleet. destroyers.
(Note: Operations in eastern
Mediterranean were restricted by losses
incurred in VIGOROUS.)
August Nominated for deployment in diversionary Fleet
operation in eastern
relief convoy to
Gibraltar (Operation PEDESTAL).
HM Cruiser ARETHUSA, HM Destroyers JERVIS, PAKENHAM, PALADIN,
HM Escort Destroyers ALDENHAM,
BEAUFORT, DULVERTON, ERIDGE, HURSLEY,
HM Corvette HYACINTH and HM Auxiliary
Sailed as escort for three supply
ships as decoy convoy for cruise in eastern
HM Cruisers CLEOPATRA and DIDO deployed with HM Destroyers JAVELIN, SIKH
and ZULU as
escort for single supply ship from
Haifa to form
joint Convoy MW12.
passage during PEDESTAL until nightfall.
return passage with MW12 to
(Note: Ship was awaiting
docking for examination of propulsion machinery
October Under self
refit and docking at Massawa
Alexandria to resume Fleet service.
with HM Destroyers JAVELIN, JERVIS, KELVIN, NUBIAN, PAKENHAM,
PALADIN and PETARD
as escort for Convoy MW13 during passage to Malta.
destroyers detached when relieved by ten escort destroyers.
force comprising HM Cruisers ARETHUSA, DIDO, ORION and CLEOPATRA
Alexandria with same
Under air attacks during which HMS
ARETHUSA was hit and had to return to
See above references.
Alexandria with Fleet units after MW13 arrived in
25th Deployed with HM Cruiser NAIAD and two
destroyers as escort for HM Cruisers AJAX and
service as Force K to intercept enemy supply shipping in central
Malta relief convoy with HM Cruisers NAIAD, DIDO and CLEOPATRA screened
destroyers (Operation PORTCULLIS).
(Note: This was the last westward
convoy requiring protection due to the advance of the 8th
Amy towards Tunisia).
13th Attacked convoy off Tunisia with HMS DIDO, HMS CLEOPATRA
and four destroyers
sinking three. ships.
1 9 4 3
Libya with HM Cruiser CLEOPATRA, HM Destroyers JERVIS, JAVELIN,
KELVIN and NUBIAN.
February Eastern Mediterranean convoy defence and interception
March In action against supply convoy with HM
Radar equipment changes made.
(Note: Type 285 fitted for AA
armament fire-control and Type 279 for air warning radar was
20th Passage to Malta to resume interception duties.
and escort duty in continuation.
May Based in
Malta for interception of supply and evacuation craft.
June Nominated for support of planned allied
Narrows with HM Destroyer TROUBRIDGE
landings on Pantellaria by 1st British Division with
HM Cruisers AURORA,
NEWFOUNDLAND, ORION and PENELOPE screened by Fleet destroyers.
support of planned allied landings in Sicily based at Oran.
- See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Naval Staff
July Transferred to 10th Cruiser Squadron
Oran with HM Battleships NELSON, RODNEY, HM Cruiser CLEOPATRA and
eight Fleet Destroyers to cover landings.
HM Battleships WARSPITE,
VALIANT, HM Aircraft Carrier FORMIDABLE, HM
Cruisers AURORA and
Gulf of Sirte.
on patrol off
Passaro to intercept any shipping
11th Involved in friendly fire incident with HMS CLEOPATRA.
with HMS CLEOPATRA, HM Destroyers QUAIL and QUILLIAM after return
Malta to refuel.
16th Stood by
damaged cruiser HMS CLEOPATRA and escorted her to
20th Transferred to Force Q at Bone as relief for HM
Deployed with Force Q in support of
HM Battleships KING GEORGE V
and HOWE, HM Aircraft Carrier
INDOMITABLE with HMS DIDO off
Sicily to provided
additional AA defence.
Vibo Valentia, western
Italy with HMS DIDO and HMS SIRIUS escorted by
16th Bombarded Scalea with HM Cruiser
AURORA, HM Destroyers JERVIS and PALADIN.
On return passage to
Palermo sank several
Siebel ferries off
to Support Carrier Force V (Task Force 88) as Flagship.
Deployed with H M Cruisers SCYLLA and
CHARYBDIS as TF88 to cover air operations
by HM Escort
Carriers UNICORN, BATTLER, ATTACKER, HUNTER and STALKER
planned allied landings at
Salerno (Operation AVALANCHE).
September Passage to
cover during carrier operations during initial landings.
carriers were replenishing at
Palermo diverted to Bizerta with HMS SCYLLA and
(For details of
see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and
British Troops for passage to
Salerno to reinforce
landing troops took passage to
Algiers with HMS
SCYLLA and HMS CHARYBDIS.
. 16th Returned
Salerno to assist damaged battleship HMS WARSPITE to
Malta after glider
Tow attempt failed.
Stood by with HMS SCYLLA and HM Cruiser DELHI to provide AA cover
Malta when Force V disbanded and carriers left to return to
CinC Mediterranean for passage
Taranto for meeting with Italians to arrange
from Mediterranean operations for refit and took passage to
October On arrival
prepared for refit in commercial shipyard.
Clyde and Paid-off.
November Taken in hand for refit at John Brown shipyard,
(Note: Work done included
Q turret removed to
reduce top-weight (See General Introduction)
. Modified for use as Escort Carrier
Squadron Flagship and fitted with an Aircraft
New design radars Types 277 and 293
with Interrogation equipment replaced
Type 272 for
surface warning and heightfinding.
December Under refit
9 4 4
January Under refit
for service with 10th Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet.
July Carried out post refit harbour trials
10th Carried out sea trials.
On completion took passage to
Scapa Flow for work-up with ships of Home
August Work-up in continuation
19th Fire in galley.
September Completed work-up and took passage
to Humber for repair
in commercial shipyard.
completion took passage to
Scapa Flow to resume service in Squadron.
as Force 9 as Escort for HM Escort Aircraft Carriers TRUMPETER and FENCER
Fleet destroyers for air minelay between Sandos and Risto islands followed by
minelay in Aarmumsund Leads off Norwat
See Naval Staff History (Mining.)
as escort during further air minelay in Ramossund and
shipping strike in
November Nominated for service with British Pacific Fleet
as escort for HM Escort Aircraft Carrier PURSUER with destroyers during attack
Rosyth for leave period prior to foreign service.
(Note: British Pacific Fleet was
formed at Trincomalee on 22nd.)
December Withdrawn from Home Fleet
special escort duty.
Liverpool as escort for mv RIMUTAKA with HM
(Note: RIMATAKA was taking
Duke of Gloucester to Australian to take up his
as Governor General.
The destroyers were on passage to
25th At Malta.
1 9 4 5
from escort of mv RIMUTAKA At
Colombo and took passage to join 4th Cruiser
with HM Cruisers ARGONAUT, BLACK PRINCE and
CEYLON to provide
air attacks by HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS, INDEFATIGABLE and
INDOMITABLE on oil
refineries at Pladjoe, Sumatra (Operation MERIDIAN I).
29th Provided cover during second series of attacks at Soengi-Gerong oil refineries.
series of air attacks which were repelled by air
cover and ship AA barrage.
details see WAR WITH JAPAN (HMSO) and THE FORGOTTEN FLEET by
AA shells landed on ILLUSTRIOUS causing 33 casualties, 12 of which were
aircraft were lost, 16 by enemy action.)
30th Passage to Sydney to join BPF.
2nd Called at Fremantle.
11th Arrived at Sydney.
13th Docked at Sydney for routine inspection of underwater fittings.
(Note: Further exercises were carried
out on passage.)
Newly introduced US Navy signalling
and manoeuvring procedures used.)
completion carried out exercises to prepare for
joint RN/USN operations.
28th Passage to British Forward Base at Manus.
Admiralty Islands with HM
at Manus. to await approval of US Chiefs of Staff for
RN ships to join US
Navy operations in
passage to US Navy Assembly area at Ulithi to join US
Naval operations after
deployment under overall US Navy command received.
20th Arrived at Ulithi to join US 5th
Fleet for operations.
from Ulithi as
CTU6 with destroyers of 25th, 27th
and 4th (RAN) Destroyer Flotillas
to join US Navy
in the operational area off the Sakishima-Gunto
(Operation ICEBERG ONE.
(For details of activities of Task
Force 57 see TASK FORCE 57 by P Smith and above
cover for air attacks on Japanese airfields in Sakishima
from HM Aircraft Carriers INDOMITABLE, ILLUSTRIOUS,
INDEFATIGABLE and VICTORIOUS with HMS
HOWE, HM Cruisers SWIFTSURE,
GAMBIA (RNZN), BLACK PRINCE, ARGONAUT and EURYALUS screened by TF57
(Note: The attacks were made in
conjunction with those from US Carriers with breaks
heavy and sustained air attacks.
with TF57 carriers for air attacks on
covered during attacks on Shinchiku and Matsugama
US ships off Sakishima Gunto.
Deployed with TF57
during final strike of Phase 1 of Sakishima Gunto attacks.
(Note: One source records ship
Passage to rejoin
Task Force 57 at
Leyte to rejoin US Task Force 58 with Task Force 57 carriers to
attacks on Sakishima Gunto.
US Task Force 58 after refuelling in Area MOSQUITO for continuation of
Sakishima attacks (Operation ICEBERG TWO
- See above references.
After first series of air strikes
diverted to bombard airfields at Miyako Shima and Nobara
with the RN
battleships KING GEORGE V, HOWE, HM Cruiser BLACK PRINCE,
UGANDA screened by destroyers of 25th Flotilla.
Carried out 4in
bombardments of AA batteries at Nobara airfield.
(Note: This diversion reduced air
defence available for protection of the aircraft
deployed for ICEBERG TWO.
HMS FORMIDABLE sustained serious damage
in KAMIKAZE attacks)
Operations ceased and ships of
bombardment force returned to flying off area to reinforce
AA defences of carriers/.
See above references for details
cover for air operations in rotation with US carriers until 26th Mau
(Note: Deployed with HM Cruiser BLACK
PRINCE within main body of Fleet to
close range defence against a series of KAMIKAZE attacks,
See references for details.)
25th Sailed for Manus on completion of ICEBERG TWO.
with other RN ships to US Task Force 37 when US Command changes were
organisation of US Fleet.
from Manus to
Sydney for R&R.
Brisbane for repair and maintenance.
Sydney to rejoin
BPF for deployment during planned attacks on Japanese
with US Task Force 37 of US 3rd Fleet.
Sydney with HMS KING GEORGE V, HMS FORMIDABLE,
INDEFATIGABLE, HMS VICTORIOUS, ships
of 4th Cruiser Squadron screen ed by
RN and RAN destroyers of BPF
from Minus for operations in preparation for landings in Japan.
as Task Force 37 and joined ships of US Task Force 38 to provide cover during
on targets in
Yokohama area including airfields and seaplane base
Task Force 37 carriers during air attacks on
Osaka and Katori as well as during
(Note: Deployment of BPF ships was
restricted to a secondary role to satisfy political
imposed of the Commander of US 3rd Fleet. See references.)
Task Force 37 ships during attacks on airfields and shipping in
N Honshu and
passage to Manus with RN ships due to shortage of fuel oil from British support
(Note: A Token Force of BPF ships
was retained under US Command as Task Group
in 3rd US Fleet. See references.)
to RN control after
Leyte with HMS INDOMITABLE, HM Escort Carrier VENERABLE,
HM Cruiser SWIFTSURE,
as Task unit 111.2 with same ships, HM Cruiser BLACK PRINCE, HM Destroyers
KEMPENFELT, URSA, WHIRLWIND and
quadrant AS Force 111.2 for re-occupation
. 29th Entered Hong Kong with HM Cruiser SWIFTSURE
and HM Canadian Landing Ship
ROBERT. See THE FORGOTTEN FLEET.