1 9 4 2
1 9 4 3
- Build completion and commenced Acceptance Trials.
Commissioned for service in 10th
Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet.
27th - On
completion of trials and storing took passage to Scapa Flow for work-up with
ships of Home Fleet.
- Deployed in NW Approaches for interception patrol and convoy defence.
convoy defence based at Freetown.
convoy defence and interception of blockade
runners in South Atlantic.
- Escorted rms QUEEN MARY with HM Cruiser CHARYBDIS
during passage to Canada in Atlantic.
(Note: QUEEN MARY was taking Winston
Churchill and Staff Officers to attend meeting
with President Roosevelt.
HMS CHARYBDIS detached during
passage because of weather conditions.)
Deployed in SW
Approaches for convoy defence and interception.
Transferred to Mediterranean for
service with 15th Cruiser Squadron.
Passage to Clyde to join joint
military convoy WS31/KMF17 as Ocean Escort during passage
in the Atlantic for defence against surface attack by German warships.
21st - Joined
convoy in Clyde. (Note:
HM Destroyers ARROW, BLANKNEY, BLENCATHRA, BRECON, BRISSENDEN,
HAMBLEDON LEDBURY, MENDIP, VICEROY,
WALLACE, WITHERINGTON and WOOLSTON were also deployed for escort of KMF17 to
- Detached with KMF17 ships and escorting destroyers. when
convoys divided. Sailed
- Embarked CinC (Admiral Cunningham) in Algiers for
passage to Malta.
4th - Arrived
in Malta to join Support Force East. Other ships in Force included HM Cruisers CARLISLE,
COLOMBO and DELHI, HM
Monitors EREBUS and ROBERTS.
9th - Sailed
from Malta and covered passage of invasion convoy during passage to Sicily with
HM Cruisers ORION, MAURITIUS and
NEWFOUNDLAND, in eastern Mediterranean (Operation HUSKY).
(For details of HUSKY landings and
support see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY
by Corelli Barnett
, BRITISH INVASION FLEETS by J de Winser and
Naval Staff History).
10th - Arrived
at ACID Beach Head. Covered landings of 1st Airborne Division SW of
36 survivors from Hospital Ship TALAMBA after air attack.
11th - Bombarded
Augusta screened by HM Destroyers ESKIMO and NUBIAN.
- Deployed in central Mediterranean for shipping sweep with HMS MAURITIUS, HM
Destroyers NUBIAN and TARTAR for
support of military operations in Sicily.
- Covered landings by British X Corps at Salerno (Operation AVALANCHE).
Slightly damaged by collision with
HMS DELHI during air attacks on anchorage.
11th - Provided
naval gunfire support with HMS ROBERTS, HM Cruisers MAURITIUS,
ORION, AURORA, US Cruisers PHILADELPHIA
and USS BOISE during German counter-attack.
air attacks. (For details
see same references as for HUSKY).
13th - Hit by
FX1400 Glider Bomb when providing naval gunfire support and sustained major
damage with serious flooding.
Towed to Malta by US Tug
temporary repair for passage.
3rd - Began
repair at US Navy Yard, Charleston.
1 9 4 4
January to September
and refit. Transfer
to Royal Canadian Navy agreed.
S e r v i c e a s H M C S U
G A N D A
- On completion re-commissioned and manned by RCN.
(Note: Name retained because of
- Passage to UK for completion of work not possible in US Navy Yard.
Nominated for service in British
took passage to Tyne shipyard.
Refit work in
hand including fit of modem radars. (Note: Work done included:
Type 274 to replace Type 284 for
fire control of forward 6in turrets, Types 277 and 293 instead of Type 272 for surface
warning and height finding with associated identification outfits (IFF).
For details of development and use
of radar see RADAR AT SEA by D. Howse)
30th - On
completion took passage to Mediterranean for work-up.
1 9 4 5
working up with Fleet in eastern Mediterranean.
Under repair at
Alexandria after explosion of torpedo during maintenance.
- Passage to Australia to join British Pacific Fleet.
2nd - Diverted
to join HM Aircraft Carrier FORMIDABLE, HM Destroyer NAPIER (RAN) and
HM Destroyer URCHIN in search for
survivors from merchant ship torpedoed 800 miles
west of Fremantle.
- Joined BPF at Sydney.
Carried out Exercises with HMS FORMIDABLE prior to
service with 5th US Fleet in SW Pacific.
- Passage to Manus with HMS FORMIDABLE, HM Destroyer URSA and HMS URCHIN.
For details of Operations by BPF see
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY, OPERATION
PACIFIC by E. Gray and WAR WITH
8th - Joined
British Task Force 57 of US 5th Fleet in Area COOTIE to cover attacks by RN and USN
aircraft carriers on Sakishima-Gunto islands. (Operation ICEBERG I ).
11th - Covered
attacks by HM Aircraft Carrier INDEFATIGABLE on North Formosa with HM Cruiser
GAMBIA, HM Destroyers URSA, URCHIN
and WHIRLWIND. Air
attacks broken up by air cover and ship AA defences.
- Rest and Recuperation period at US Navy Forward Base, Leyte.
2nd - Deployed
with HMS GAMBIA, HM Cruiser EURYALUS and HM Cruiser BLACK PRINCE to
cover air attacks by HM Aircraft
Carriers INDOMITABLE, VICTORIOUS, FORMIDABLE
and INDEFATIGABLE on Sakishima-Gunto (Operation ICEBERG II).
Bombarded shore targets at Nobara and Suknama in conjunction
with ships of US Task Group 58. Under KAMIKAZE attacks.
3rd - Fouled
oiling hose whilst refuelling. Divers used to clear
4th - Bombarded
airfields on Miyako with TF 57 ships and detached to
shell an air strip at Sukhamo.
- Deployed away from operating area as a radar picket to give early warning of
approach of KAMIKAZE
- Under KAMIKAZE attacks on BPF ships.
(Note: HMS FORMIDABLE and VICTORIOUS
were damaged in these attacks.).
12th - Further
deployment as radar picket with HM Destroyer WESSEX.
- Rejoined TF 57 for continuation of cover duty.
(For full details see above
references and TASK FORCE 57 by P Smith.)
25th - Released
from operation and took passage to Sydney for Rest and Recuperation Period.
12th - Transferred
to British Task Group 111.2 with HM Aircraft Carrier IMPLACABLE,
HM Escort Carrier RULER, HM Cruisers
SWIFTSURE, NEWFOUNDLAND and ACHILLES (RNZN).
- Covered HMS IMPLACABLE during air attacks on Truk
- Bombarded Dublon seaplane base with HM CRUISERS
NEWFOUNDLAND, ACHILLES (RNZN) and SWIFTSURE (Operation INMATE).
(Note: This were
not very successful due to inexperience of crew and also technical problems.)
- Returned to British Forward Base at Manus with ships of TG111.2.
6th - Transferred
to US 3rd Fleet as part of re-designated British element Task Force 37 after US
Navy command structure alterations.
16th - Covered
HMS FORMIDABLE, HMS VICTORIOUS and HMS IMPLACABLE with HM
Battleship KING GEORGE V, HM
Cruisers NEWFOUNDLAND, ACHILLES (RNZN) EURYALUS, HMS GAMBIA and BLACK PRINCE during joint
RN/USN operations and bombardments of targets in Japan as preparation for
Operation OLYMPIC (Planned final assault on main islands of Japan.)
- Refuelled from USN tankers to reduce delay in
- Relieved in Task Force 37 by HM Cruiser ARGONAUT.
(Note: This was because of Canadian
legislation preventing service in Pacific by any
personnel who had not volunteered
for this duty).
4th - Passage
to Esquimalt from Pearl Harbour and returned to RCN