- 25 JULY 1916
DOVER PATROL OPERATIONS
NAVAL DESPATCH dated 29 May
North Sea Sandbanks
and Dover Straits (with later defences),
click to enlarge
Admiralty, 25th July, 1916.
following despatch has been received from
Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald H. S. Bacon, K.C.B.,
C.V.O., D.S.O., commanding the Dover Patrol,
reporting the operations of the Dover Patrol since
3rd Dec. 1915:
To the Secretary of the
Office of the Vice-Admiral,
Dover, 29th May, 1916.
my last Despatch to their Lordships on 3rd
December, 1915, the varied duties of this Patrol
have been carried out with unremitting energy on
the part of the Officers and men under my command.
the winter month's offensive operations on the
Belgian Coast were much impeded by the shortness
of the daylight hours and by gales of wind and bad
weather. These same factors that impeded offensive
action facilitated the work of the enemy in laying
mines and in attacking our commerce in these
narrow waters, since it assisted them to elude our
patrols of protective vessels.
Services of the Dover Patrol can be best
appreciated from the following facts:
21,000 Merchant Ships, apart from Men-of-War and
Auxiliaries, have passed through this Patrol in
the last six months. Of these twenty-one have been
lost or have been seriously damaged by the enemy.
The losses in Merchant Vessels, therefore, have
been less than one per thousand. On the other
hand, to effect this very considerable security to
our Merchant Shipping I regret that over 4 per
cent of our Patrol Vessels have been sunk and the
lives of 77 Officers and men lost to the Nation.
No figures could emphasise more thoroughly the
sacrifice made by the personnel of the Patrol and
the relative immunity ensured to the commerce of
the foregoing the Patrol assists in the protection
of the flank of all the sea Transport to and from
our Army in France. The number of vessels that
have passed and also of the troops that have been
carried are known to Their Lordships, but it is
well to call attention to the fact that this vast
transport of troops has been so thoroughly
safeguarded that not one single life has been lost
during the sea passage.
work of the Destroyer Flotilla (below, HMS
Amazon of the Dover Patrol's 6th Flotilla -
Jon Richards) throughout the winter has been
incessant and arduous and thoroughly well carried
opportunities have arisen of bombarding the
enemy's positions in Belgium. On these
occasions the necessary minor operations have been
addition to the daily reconnaissance and
protective work performed by the Royal Naval Air
Service on the coast, eleven organised attacks
against the enemy's Aerodromes and thirteen
attacks on enemy vessels have been carried out.
Nine enemy machines and one submarine have been
destroyed by air attack and appreciable damage has
been inflicted on military adjuncts.
services rendered by the Naval Airmen in Flanders,
under Acting Captain Lambe, have been most
is equally advantageous to maintain the offensive
in the air as it is to do so on land or at sea. It
is with considerable satisfaction, therefore, that
I am able to report that, with only one exception,
all the aeroplanes destroyed were fought over the
enemy's territory and that all the seaplanes were
brought down into waters off the enemy's coast.
advent of spring weather has lately enabled me to
take measures to limit the extent to which the
submarine and other vessels of the enemy had free
access to the waters off the Belgian coast.
success achieved has, so far, been considerable,
and the activities of submarines operating from
the Belgian Coast have been much reduced.
have destroyed several of the enemy's submarines
and some of his surface vessels.
losses, I regret to say, were four Officers
killed, one wounded; men: 22 killed, two wounded.
is to the energy and endurance of the Officers and
men of the vessels that have been employed, and
who are now daily on patrol that the success of
these operations has been due. Whether of our
Royal Navy, of the French Navy, of our Mercantile
Marine or our Fishermen, all have exhibited those
qualities most valued at sea in time of war.
cordial thanks are due to Rear-Admiral de Marliave
for the hearty co-operation he has afforded me
during the whole of the foregoing period.
these operations I was afforded much assistance by
Commodore R. Tyrwhitt, C.B., Commodore C. D.
Johnson, M.V.O., D.S.O., and Captain F. S.
Litchfield-Speer, as well as Commandant Excelman,
of the French Navy.
H. W. Bowring, D.S.O., acted most ably as Chief of
my Staff throughout the operations.
is a list of Officers and men I desire to bring to
their Lordships' notice for distinguished and
meritorious services, in addition to those of the
Auxiliary patrol and Royal Naval Air Service
previously specially forwarded by me during the
period under report.
have the honour to be, Sir, Your obedient
R. H. BACON, Vice-Admiral Dover Patrol.
F. S. Litchfield-Speer, D.S.O. Carried out several
important operations under difficult circumstances
off the enemy's coast.
George Louis Downall Gibbs. Commanded a Division
of Destroyers with marked ability and dash in
action against the enemy.
Henry Gerard Laurence Oliphant, M.V.O. Commanded a
Division of Destroyers in action and on patrol
duties off the enemy’s coast.
Reginald Lionel Hancock. Carried out surveying
operations of considerable importance under heavy
gun fire off the enemy's coast.
Henry Forrester. Carried out dangerous patrol
duties with marked ability.
Rudolf Henry Fane De Salis. Commanded a detached
Division on several occasions in close proximity
to the enemy's coast.
Lieutenant James Towrie Muir, R.N.R. In command of
a Division of Drifters during several operations
off the enemy's coast.
Robert George Hurren, R.N.R. Distinguished conduct
which led to the destruction of an enemy Submarine
Artificer Engineer Thomas Robson Hall, R.N.
Exceptional services during War operations.
Edward Ratcliffe Garth Russell Evans, C.B., R.N.
John Stewart Gordon Fraser, R.N.
Mountague Robert Bernard, R.N.
John Cracroft-Amcotts, R.N.
James Douglas Godfrey, D.S.C., R.N.
Robert Don Oliver, R.N.
Isaac Lilly Manthorpe, R.N.R.
Gunner John Steel, R.N.
Engineer William George Jackson, R.N.
of Signals A. W. Harding, O.N. 229905.
Stoker J. Brown, O.N. 290363.
Signalman J. Wise, O.N. 222824.
Officer, 1st Class, C. W. Moore, O.N. 179983.
Engine Room Artificer R. Sheppard, O.N. 270663.
Petty Officer H. Barber, O.N. 165446.
Engine Room Artificer Robert Shires, O.N. 271126.
Room Artificer, 1st Cl., H. Robertson, O.N.
Engine Room Artificer, 1st Cl., G. F. Cockrell,
Chief Petty Officer Wm. Ewles, O.N. 154421.
Petty Officer A. A. Bradley, O.N 300678.
Edward Madden, O.N.(K.) 25097.
Petty Officer Charles Darton, O.N. 187656.
Armourer J. T. Lewis, O.N. 340703.
Armourer H. Goodwin, O.N. 345418.
Officer J. Hailstone, O.N. 181161.
Artificer, 2nd Cl., H. A. Hughes, O.N. 347720.
Seaman C. H. Holmes, O.N. 191648.
Petty Officer T. A. W. Collard, O.N. 133361.
J. C. Duley, O.N.J. 13042.
Petty Officer Jas. Southwood, O.N. 117014.
Hand J. Gardiner, R.N.R., O.N. 1431 S.A.
Hand F. W. Saunders, R.N.R., O.N. 910 S.A.
Hand W. J. Sutton, O.N. 891 S.A.
Motor Boatman G. Culverwell, M.B. 242.
Engine Room Artificer G. Barrowman, O.N. 269387.
Signalman G. V. McKenzie, O.N. 233487.
Signalman C. W. Lumley, O.N. 226962.
Signalman R. Giddings, O.N. J.4044.
Engine Room Artificer J. E. Pether, O.N. 270497.
Engine Room Artificer A. Matthews, O.N. 271000.
Signalman T. Young, O.N. 223558.
Room Artificer L. C. Boggust, O.N. 271134.
Officer Charles Nason, O.N. 191247.
Seaman Albert Mercer, O.N. 235474.
Officer William Foley, O.N. 209001.
Chief Petty Officer W. J. Brown, O.N. 160889.
Seaman William Austin, O.N. 194423.
Officer W. A. Osborne, O.N. 235133.
Seaman E. Savage, O.N. J. 8986.
of Signals W. C. Chapman, O.N. 213631.
Seaman O. J. Broers,O.N.J. 9965.
Officer, 1st Cl, G. Arlingham, O.N. 174787.
Officer G. J. L. Staff, O.N. 237841.
Officer J. Penman, O.N. 231159.
J. Berry, R.N.R., O.N. 1715 E.S.
(Acting Engineman) D. B. Knowles, R.N.R., O.N.
Seaman W. J. Hunt, R.N.R. O.N.J. 19181.
Hand James Latta, R.N.R., O.N. 2364 S.D.
Deck Hand William Wigg, O.N. 2722 S.D.
Hand, R.N.R., Francis William Beamish, O.N. 3239
Click here for
Appointments and Awards to Officers and
mentioned in the foregoing despatches
- 15 SEPTEMBER 1916
JUTLAND - COMMENDATIONS AND AWARDS TO OFFICERS
dated 23 August 1916
Gallantry Awards to Royal Navy
S.W., 15th September, 1916.
The following despatch has been received from Admiral Sir John R.
Jellicoe, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., Commander-in-Chief,
To the Secretary
of the Admiralty.
23rd August, 1916.
With reference to my despatch
of 24th June, 1916, I have the honour to
bring to the notice of the Lords Commissioners of
the Admiralty the names of the following officers
who are recommended for honours and special
Where all carried out their duties so well it is somewhat
invidious and difficult to select officers for
special recognition. As regards the Flag Officers,
I would again draw the attention of their
Lordships to the remarks made in that despatch on
the subject of their services, and I would
recommend for honours:
Admiral Sir Cecil Burney, K.C.B., K.C.M.G.
Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Henry Martyn Jerram, K.C.B.
Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, Bart.,
K.C.B., C.V.O., C.M.G.
Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty, K.C.B., K.C.V.O., D.S.O.
(Commanding the Battle Cruiser Fleet).
Rear-Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas, C.B., M.V.O.
Rear-Admiral Alexander Ludovic Duff, C.B. (Civil).
Rear-Admiral William Christopher Pakenham, C.B., M.V.O.
Rear-Admiral Arthur Cavenagh Leveson, C.B. (Civil).
Rear-Admiral Ernest Frederic Augustus Gaunt, C.M.G.
Rear-Admiral Osmond De Beauvoir Brock, C.B.
Although Rear-Admiral Evan-Thomas has but recently received the
C.B., I would draw attention to the fact that he
commands a Battle Squadron which was closely
engaged, and that he is, with the exception of
Rear-Admiral Heath, the senior Rear-Admiral in the
Rear-Admiral Herbert Leopold Heath, C.B., M.V.O., would have been
recommended for an honour had he not so recently
received the C.B.
Commodore Charles Edward Le Mesurier whose squadron was handled
with great ability.
Rear-Admiral Trevylyan Dacres Willes Napier, C.B., M.V.O., would
have been recommended for an honour had he not so
recently received the C.B.
Rear-Admiral William Edmund Goodenough, C.B., M.V.O., who with
great tenacity kept touch with the enemy's battle
fleet during the afternoon of 31st May, and
Commodore Edwyn Sinclair Alexander-Sinclair, C.B., M.V.O., AdC.,
who first gained touch with the enemy forces,
would have been recommended for an honour had they
not so recently received the CB.
2. THE REMARKS OF THE FLAG OR COMMANDING OFFICERS OF THE
SQUADRONS CONCERNED, IN WHICH I CONCUR, HAVE BEEN
INSERTED AFTER THE NAMES OF THE OFFICERS
RECOMMENDED IN THE FOLLOWING LIST.
LIST OF OFFICERS
RECOMMENDED FOR HONOURS FOR SERVICE IN THE BATTLE
Captain Frederic Charles Dreyer, C.B. (Civil), R.N. Commanded and
handled the Fleet Flagship most ably during the
action. The rapidity with which hitting was
established on ships of the enemy's fleet was the
result of long and careful organisation and
training of the personnel.
Commander Geoffrey Blake, R.N. Gunnery and principal control
officer of H.M.S. "Iron Duke," whose zeal,
knowledge and devotion to duty throughout the war,
and coolness and skill in action resulted in
severe damage being inflicted by ''Iron Duke's"
13.5-inch guns on a German battleship of the
"Koenig" class in the action off the coast of
Jutland on 31st May.
Admiral Sir Cecil Burney.
Captain Edmund Percy Fenwick George Grant, R.N. (Commodore, 2nd
Class). My Chief of Staff, who afforded me very
valuable assistance during the action.
Captain George Parish Ross, R.N. My Flag Captain, who helped me
greatly during the action. He fought his ship
well, and subsequently, after she was torpedoed,
successfully took "Marlborough" back to harbour,
avoiding attack by two submarines on the way.
Captain Lewis Clinton-Baker, R.N. The Senior Captain in the First
Battle Squadron at the time of the action. His
valuable services are worthy of recognition.
Commander Hugh Schomberg Currey, R.N. Executive officer of
"Marlborough," whose untiring energy and skilful
work greatly assisted in saving the ship after she
Engineer Commander Reginald William Skelton, R.N. A valuable
officer whose department during the action
reflected credit on his organisation.
Fleet Surgeon Henry William Finlayson, M.B., R.N. A zealous and
hardworking officer, who organised his department
in an efficient manner for the action.
Staff Paymaster Herbert Patrick William George Murray, R.N.
(Secretary to Second in Command). My Secretary,
whose services were most valuable to me during the
Lieutenant-Commander James Buller Kitson, R.N. My Flag
Lieutenant-Commander, who was of very great
assistance to me during the action.
Vice-Admiral Sir Martyn Jerram.
Captain Michael Culme-Seymour, M.V.O., R.N. (now Rear-Admiral).
Sub-Divisional Leader. An officer of great
experience, who handled his sub-division with
excellent judgment throughout the action.
Captain Hugh Henry Darby Tothill, A.d.C., R.N. Sub-Divisional
Leader. Handled his subdivision most skilfully
throughout the action, and amply justified the
high opinion I have always held of him.
Captain Frederick Laurence Field, R.N. Handled "King George V." (below
- Photo Ships) as leader of the line of
battle with great skill under very difficult
conditions. His previous good services in the
Signal School and "Vernon" are well known.
Deputy Inspector-General Robert Forbes Bowie, R.N. Displayed a
high degree of ability during the action in the
working of the medical department.
Engineer Commander William Cory Sanders, R.N. A very capable and
zealous officer, who showed great ability
throughout the action in the working of the
Commander Richard Home, R.N. An officer of great ability, who
conned "Orion" throughout the action with ability
Commander John Walsh Carrington, R.N. An officer of great
ability, who conned "King George V." throughout
the action with good judgment and prompt decision.
He was navigating officer of H.M.S. "Inflexible "
in the action off the Falkland Islands and in the
Vice-Admiral Sir Doveton Sturdee.
Captain William Coldingham Masters Nicholson, R.N. (now
Rear-Admiral). Took his ship into action in a fine
manner, and by the effective gunfire of his
command materially assisted in forcing the enemy
Engineer Captain John Richardson, R.N. Was personally responsible
for the excellent organisation of the engine-room
and stokehold departments in every ship of the
squadron. The maximum speeds were obtained in all
cases without mishap, though in the older ships
the authorised horsepower was exceeded.
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Collard, R.M.L.I. Very
materially assisted in controlling the gunfire of
H.M.S. "Benbow" from an exposed position. This
officer has seen much war service previously in
East and South Africa.
Fleet Surgeon Joseph Agnew Moon, R.N. Was responsible for the
excellent medical arrangements for dealing with
the wounded in H.M.S. "Benbow," which were very
Captain Henry Wise Parker, R.N. Was of great assistance to me as
my Flag Captain. He showed great coolness and
judgment in his handling of the ship and its
fighting power. Captain Parker was Commander of
the "Lion" in the Heligoland action of 28th
Paymaster Cyril Sheldon Johnson, R.N. Rendered valuable services
as my Secretary in keeping records and generally
assisting me during the action. His name was
mentioned in despatches after the Falkland Islands
Engineer Commander Robert Spence, R.N. By his general management
of the machinery and stokers under his orders in
H.M.S. "Vanguard" enabled the ship to be taken
into and maintained in action in a most effective
Captain Edward Montgomery Phillpotts, R.N. At a critical time,
when the Fifth Battle Squadron was turning to form
astern of the battle-fleet, under a heavy fire,
"Warspite," owing to a breakdown in her steering
gear, turned towards the enemy, and got into a
very dangerous position. She was splendidly
handled, however, and got away to the northward
clear of the enemy's fire. Also when nearing the
Firth of Forth, much damaged, she was attacked by
three submarines and was handled in such a manner
as to get her safely into port. Captain Phillpotts
is the senior captain in the ships of the Fifth
Battle Squadron which were engaged, and I strongly
recommend him for an honour worthy of his great
Captain Maurice Woollcombe, R.N.
Captain Arthur William Craig, R.N.
The Rear-Admiral Commanding reports that the ships under his
orders were handled and fought by their Captains
in the manner one would expect from those officers
and in accordance with the best traditions of the
Commander Humphrey Thomas Walwyn, R.N. Commander Walwyn, from the
moment the first shell struck the ship, managed to
be everywhere where attention was necessary in
putting out fires, plugging holes, shoring, etc.,
with the fire brigade and repair parties.
Considering the size of the ship and the damage
sustained, and also the fact that he was keeping
the Captain fully informed of her condition, the
work effected by Commander Walwyn in the short
space of time was marvellous, and the Captain
considers it greatly due to his prompt action that
much water was prevented from access into the port
wing and main engine rooms.
Rev. Anthony Pollen (Roman Catholic Chaplain). The Reverend
Anthony Pollen carried men injured by severe burns
from the battery deck to the distributing station,
he himself being severely burned at the time. Aged
Lieutenant. John Gordon Cliff-McCulloch, R.N.R. Lieutenant
Cliff-McCulloch was in charge of the port battery,
and immediately went across and in a short space
of time the fire had been got under and the
situation was in hand, and Nos. 1 and 6 6-inch
starboard were ready to open fire in ten minutes
from the explosion. This is due to the prompt
action taken by Lieutenant McCulloch, and his
example had undoubtedly a good effect on the large
number of very young men stationed there.
Commander Henry John Studholme Brownrigg, R.N. Commander
Brownrigg took charge of and conducted the
operations in connection with dealing with fires
and repairs to damage by shell. He was continually
in positions of greatest danger, and where the
conditions were most trying to the nerves. His
example inspired all those under him, and he was
largely instrumental in keeping the ship in
effective fighting condition to the end of the
action, notwithstanding the severe damage from
Rear-Admiral Herbert L. Heath.
Captain Eustace La Trobe Leatham, R.N. For the very able and
efficient manner in which he handled his ship
throughout the action.
Captain John Saumarez Dumaresq, M.V.O., R.N. For the very able
and efficient manner in which he handled his ship
throughout the action.
Captain Arthur Cloudesley Shovel Hughes D'Aeth, R.N. For the
untiring zeal and energy displayed throughout the
action, and during the events preceding and
subsequent thereto, when he handled my flagship
with marked ability and was of the greatest
assistance to me.
Engineer Captain Arthur Frederick Kingsnorth, R.N. Engineer
Captain of the First Cruiser Squadron -
recommended by the Rear-Admiral, Commanding,
Second Cruiser Squadron.
Commander James Geoffry Penrose Ingham, R.N.
Engineer Commander Henry Walton Kitching, R.N.
Commodore Charles E. Le Mesurier.
Staff Surgeon Bertram Raleigh Bickford, R.N. For great gallantry
and devotion to duty in action. This officer,
though severely wounded by a shell splinter,
persisted in attending to the wounded, only
yielding to a direct order from myself to place
himself on the sick list.
Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty.
Captain Rudolf Walter Bentinck, R.N. (Chief of Staff to
Vice-Admiral Commanding Battle Cruiser Fleet). For
very valuable services in the action and
throughout the war.
Acting Paymaster Frank Todd Spickernell, R.N. (Secretary to the
Vice-Admiral Commanding Battle Cruiser Fleet). For
very valuable services in the action and
throughout the war.
Lieut.-Commander Ralph Frederick Seymour, R.N. (Flag
Lieut.-Commander to Vice Admiral Commanding Battle
Cruiser Fleet). For very valuable services in the
action and throughout the war.
Captain Alfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield, C.V.O., C.B., R.N.
(Flag Captain to Vice-Admiral Commanding Battle
Cruiser Fleet). Commanded and fought my Flagship
with great skill and gallantry.
Lieutenant-Commander Gerald Fortescue Longhurst, R.N. (now
Commander). Gunnery Officer of my Flagship.
Controlled the fire of "Lion" with greatest
coolness, courage and skill, and inflicted immense
damage on the enemy. This is the third time he has
controlled the fire of "Lion" in action.
Fleet Surgeon Alexander Maclean, M.B., R.N. Performed his
exhausting duties with the greatest zeal and
courage. The medical staff was seriously depleted
by casualties; the wounded and dying had to be
dressed under very difficult conditions on the
mess deck, which was flooded with a foot of water
from damaged fire mains. Fleet Surgeon Maclean has
suffered considerably since the action from his
devotion to duty.
Lieutenant (E.) Stewart Magee Walker, R.N. The command of the
mess deck devolved on Lieutenant Walker in the
absence on duty of the commander of the ship. He
grappled successfully with very difficult and
trying situations, putting out extensive fires in
a blinding and suffocating atmosphere, saving life
from asphyxiation, clearing compartments of water,
and flooding magazines.
Captain Walter Henry Cowan, M.V.O., D.S.O., R.N. Commanded and
fought the "Princess Royal" with great skill and
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander Albert Arthur Green Martell, R.N.
In charge of all fire and salvage parties, and
directed and led them with complete success,
setting an example of coolness and vigour of
action which unquestionably prevented far more
Artificer Engineer Joseph House, R.N. When the ship was hit and
badly damaged, effected repairs to pipes under
very difficult circumstances of smoke and
darkness, whereby fires were got under which
otherwise must have been a very grave danger.
Captain Henry Bertram Pelly, M.V.O., R.N. Commanded and fought
"Tiger" with great skill and gallantry.
Lieutenant Percy Harrison, R.N.V.R. His work with the fire
brigade was beyond praise. He was gassed badly,
but continued work until noon the next day,
clearing debris, etc., and only gave up when his
lungs would stand no more, and he was placed on
the sick list.
Carpenter Lieutenant John Norman Matheson, R.N. Did splendid work
below. Although taken to the dressing-station
twice, once gassed and once nearly drowned, he
insisted on going back to his work, and only
rested when ordered by the Commander to do so on
the following morning.
Captain John Frederick Ernest Green, R.N. Commanded and fought
"New Zealand" (below - Photo Ships) with
great skill and gallantry.
Captain Francis William Kennedy, R.N. (now Rear-Admiral).
Commanded the Third Battle Cruiser Squadron after
the loss of Rear-Admiral Hood, and fought his ship
with great skill and gallantry.
Captain Edward Henry Fitzhardinge Heaton-Ellis, M.V.O., R.N.
Commanded and fought "Inflexible" with great skill
Commander Hubert Edward Dannreuther, R.N. The senior of the two
surviving officers of the "Invincible." Up till
the moment when the ship blew up Commander
Dannreuther controlled the fire of "Invincible "
in a manner which produced visible and
overwhelming results on the enemy.
Captain Bertram Sackville Thesiger, C.M.G., R.N. Assumed command
of a Light Cruiser Squadron when "Galatea" was
temporarily disabled by shell fire, and fought his
ship with great skill and gallantry.
Captain Charles Blois Miller, R.N. Commanded and fought
''Nottingham'' with great skill and
Lieutenant Arthur Malcolm Peters, R.N. His coolness and clearness
on this occasion, and his constant care and
attention in regard to the signals and
communications of the squadron during the past
three years, enabled the fullest advantage to be
taken when reporting the enemy's battle fleet.
Commander Malcolm Henry Somerled Macdonald, R.N. For his coolness
in the night action, when he extinguished the
fires on mess deck, and his prompt action in
preventing the fore magazine from being flooded.
Captain John Douglas Edwards, R.N. Commanded and fought the
"Falmouth " with great skill and gallantry.
Captain Edward Bamford, R.M.L.I. In after control when it was
blown to pieces by a shell burst. Slightly burnt
in face and slightly wounded in leg. Then assisted
to work one gun with a much reduced crew, and
controlled another gun. Assisted in extinguishing
a fire, and in general showed great coolness,
power of command, judgment and courage, when
exposed to a very heavy fire.
Lieutenant Frederick Joseph Rutland, R.N., (Flight Lieut.,
R.N.A.S.). For his gallantry and persistence in
flying within close range of four enemy
lightcruisers, in order to enable accurate
information to be obtained and transmitted
concerning them. Conditions at the time made low
Lieutenant-Commander Laurence Reynolds Palmer, R.N. For his
gallantry, when his destroyer was disabled, in
proceeding to the assistance of "Onslow" and
taking her in tow under heavy shell fire. He
succeeded in towing her in a heavy sea until
relieved by tugs when in sight of land.
Lieutenant Jack Ernest Albert Mocatta, R.N. Supported Commander
Bingham, of "Nestor," in his gallant action
against destroyers, battle-cruisers, and
battleships, in the most courageous and effective
Lieutenant-Commander Roger Vincent Alison, R.N. For promptness
and gallantry in taking advantage of the
opportunity of attacking the enemy's vessels with
the torpedo on two occasions, as described in my
Lieutenant-Commander Montague George Bentinck Legge, R.N. Having
defeated the enemy destroyers, gallantly pressed
home attack with torpedoes on the enemy
Lieutenant-Commander Cuthbert Patrick Blake, R.N. Having defeated
the enemy destroyers, gallantly pressed home
attack with torpedoes on the enemy
Commander the Hon.
Edward Barry Stewart Bingham, R.N.
(prisoner of war). Recommended for Victoria
Cross. For the extremely gallant way in
which he led his division in their attack, first
on enemy destroyers and then on their
battlecruisers. He finally sighted the enemy
battle-fleet, and, followed by the one remaining
destroyer of his division ("Nicator"), with
dauntless courage he closed to within 3,000 yards
of the enemy in order to attain a favourable
position for firing the torpedoes. While making
this attack, "Nestor" and "Nicator" were under
concentrated fire of the secondary batteries of
the High Sea Fleet. "Nestor" was subsequently
Major Francis John
William Harvey, R.M.L.I. Recommended
for posthumous Victoria Cross. Whilst
mortally wounded and almost the only survivor
after the explosion of an enemy shell in "Q"
gunhouse, with great presence of mind and devotion
to duty ordered the magazine to be flooded,
thereby saving the ship. He died shortly
Captain Percy M.R. Royds.
Lieutenant-Commander Cecil Charles Brittain Vacher, R.N. For
controlling the fire from the ship in the coolest
manner from a very exposed position under
extremely heavy fire.
Lieutenant Cuthbert Coppinger, R.N. For navigating the ship in
the coolest manner from a very exposed position
under extremely heavy fire.
Captain Walter L. Allen.
Lieutenant-Commander Gordon Alston Coles, R.N. The commander of
his division speaks highly of the way he conned
his ship. "Ambuscade" (below - Photo Ships)
fired three torpedoes, and the rapid reloading
under fire reflects great credit on all concerned,
and proves the ship is in a high state of
Commander Loftus William Jones, R.N. Recommended for posthumous
honour. For fighting his ship until she sank after
having been seriously wounded.
Acting Sub-Lieutenant Newton James Wallop William-Powlett, R.N.
(now Sub-Lieutenant). Very strongly recommended.
This officer showed wonderful coolness under most
trying circumstances, and his pluck and
cheerfulness after the ship sank were certainly
the means of saving the lives of several who would
otherwise have given in and succumbed. I cannot
speak too highly of this young officer's conduct
Surgeon Probationer Douglas George Patrick Bell, R.N.V.R. Devoted
great attention to the wounded, and amputated a
limb single-handed in the dark.
Chief Artificer Engineer Alexander Noble, R.N. Went twice into
the after stokehold, but was driven out by steam.
Succeeded at the third attempt and shut off
auxiliary feed pump and auxiliary stop valve.
Commodore James R. P. Hawkesley.
Staff Surgeon James McAlister Holmes, M.B., R.N. For the very
efficient manner in which the wounded were
attended to whilst under fire and subsequently.
Lieutenant-Commander Henry Ruthven Moore, R.N. For the assistance
he gave the Commodore (F), both during the day and
night action, and the manner in which he carried
out his duties.
Commander Harold Ernest Sulivan, R.N. As second in command of the
flotilla he manoeuvred his half very ably during
the daytime, and at night, when "Castor" could
make no signals owing to damage by gunfire, he
very ably turned his half-flotilla and kept clear
of the first half-flotilla manoeuvring.
Captain (D) Anselan J. B. Stirling.
Commander John Pelham Champion, R.N. Handled his division with
great ability whilst in action, and led his
division to attack an enemy battle squadron with
Lieutenant John Hinton Carrow, R.N. Was on the bridge the whole
time during the action and carried out the duties
of navigating officer in a most exemplary manner,
and was of the greatest assistance to me in
keeping me informed of the range and bearing of
the enemy, especially during the night attack.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander John Kirk Corsar, R.N. Kept his
department in good order and kept the boiler water
going in spite of evaporator being semi-disabled
most of the time and out of action entirely for
Captain Berwick Curtis.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander Harold Bertram Tostevin, R.N. This
officer's organisation of the engine room
department and general energy at all times,
keeping the machinery of the ship in a thoroughly
efficient state, contributed largely to the
success of "Abdiel's" operations on the night of
31st May, observing that the ship proceeded at
full speed for over six hours.
Staff of the
Commander-in-Chief (with remarks of Admiral Sir
Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Edward Madden, K.C.B., C.V.O. (Chief of
Commodore Lionel Halsey, C.B., C.M.G., A.-d.-C. (Captain of the
The very valuable services of these officers are mentioned in my
despatch of the 24th June, 1916. Commodore Halsey
would have been recommended for an honour had he
not so recently received the C.B.
Commander The Hon. Matthew Robert Best, M.V.O., R.N. Has
performed valuable staff work during the war and
services during the action.
Commander Charles Morton Forbes, R.N. My Flag Commander, who has
always afforded me great assistance. This officer
was Executive Officer of H.M.S. "Queen Elizabeth"
(below - Photos Ships) during the whole
period that ship was employed at the Dardanelles.
Commander Alexander Riall Wadham Woods, R.N. Controlled the
visual signal work with great coolness and
Commander Richard Lindsay Nicholson, R.N. Controlled the wireless
telegraph work with great coolness and most marked
efficiency, and reaped the reward of the excellent
organization for which he is responsible.
Fleet Paymaster Hamnet Holditch Share, C.B., R.N. (Secretary). I
should have recommended my Secretary, Fleet
Paymaster Share, for an honour for his invaluable
work during the war and his assistance during the
action had he not recently been awarded a C.B.
Fleet Paymaster Victor Herbert Thomas Weekes, R.N. (Additional
Secretary). Has been of great assistance to me
during the war and took valuable records
throughout the action.
List of Commanding Officers Recommended for Commendation
for Service in the Battle Of Jutland.
Captain Vivian Henry Gerald Bernard, R.N.
Captain James Clement Ley, R.N.
Captain Edward Buxton Kiddle, R.N.
Captain Henry Montagu Doughty, R.N.
Captain Crawford Maclachlan, R.N.
Captain William Wordsworth Fisher. M.V.O., R.N.
Captain (Flag Captain) Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers Pound, R.N.
Captain Arthur Brandreth Scott Dutton, R.N.
Captain The Hon. Victor Albert Stanley, M.V.O., A.d.C., R.N.
Captain James Andrew Fergusson, A.d.C., R.N.
Captain George Holmes Borrett, R.N.
Captain George Henry Baird, R.N.
Captain Louis Charles Stirling Woolloombe, M.V.O., R.N.
Captain (Flag Captain) Oliver Backhouse, C.B., R.N.
Captain Edward Francis Bruen, R.N.
Captain (Acting as Flag Captain) Edmond Hyde Parker, R.N.
Captain Edwin Veale Underbill, R.N.
Captain James Douglas Dick, R.N.
Captain John Moore Casement, R.N.
Captain The Hon. Algernon Douglas Edward Harry Boyle, C.B.,
Captain Henry Blackett, R.N.
Captain Vincent Barkly Molteno, R.N.
Captain Herbert John Savill, R.N.
Captain Henry Ralph Crooke, R.N.
Captain Alan Geoffrey Hotham, R.N.
Captain Cyril Samuel Townsend, R.N.
Captain The Hon. Herbert Meade, D.S.O., R.N.
Captain Percy Molyneux Rawson Royds, R.N.
Captain Albert Charles Scott, R.N.
Captain Robert Neale Lawson, R.N.
Captain Arthur Allan Morison Duff, R.N.
Captain Edward Reeves, R.N.
Captain William Frederick Blunt, D.S.O., R.N.
Captain Thomas Drummond Pratt, R.N.
Captain John Ewen Cameron, M.V.O., R.N.
Captain Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish, R.N.
Captain James Uchtred Farie, R.N.
Captain Charles Donnison Roper, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Cecil Henry Hulton Sams, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Evelyn Claude Ogilvie Thomson, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Kenneth Adair Beattie, R.N.
Commander Charles Gordon Ramsey, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Arthur Grendon Tippet, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Charles Herbert Neill James, R.N.
Lieutenant Francis George Glossop, R.N.
Commander Charles Albert Fremantle, R.N.
Commander Dashwood Fowler Moir, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Edward Brooke, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Alexander Hugh Gye, R.N.
Commander Malcolm Lennon Goldsmith, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Philip Wilfred Sidney King, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Francis Edward Henry Graham Hobart, R.N.
Lieutenant Henry Dawson Crawford Stanistreet, R.N.
Commander John Coombe Hodgson, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Edward Sidney Graham, R.N.
Commodore James Rose Price Hawkesley, M.V.O., R.N.
Captain Percy Withers, R.N.
Commander Lewis Gonne Eyre Crabbe, R.N.
Commander Walter Lingen Allen (now Captain), R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Arthur Marsden, R.N.
Commander Harold Victor Dundas, R.N.
Commander Claud Finlinson Allsup, R.N.
Acting Commander William Dion Irvin, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Edward McConnell Wyndham Lawrie, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Ralph Vincent Eyre, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Henry Clive Rawlings, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Claude Lindsay Bate, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander (now Commander) Hugh Undecimus Fletcher,
Captain Anselan John Buchanan Stirling, R.N.
Commander Norton Allen Sulivan, R.N.
Commander Charles Geoffrey Coleridge Sumner, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Henry Victor Hudson, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander John Jackson Cuthbert Ridley, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Reginald Watkins Grubb, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Herbert Inglis Nigel Lyon, R.N.
Commander (now Captain) Berwick Curtis, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Douglas Faviell, M.V.O., R.N.
List of Officers Recommended for Commendation for
Service in the Battle Of Jutland.
Engineer Commander Herbert Brooks Moorshead, R.N.
Commander Denis Granville Thynne, R.N.
Commander George Knightley Chetwode, R.N.
Commander Alfred Headley Norman, R.N.
Fleet Paymaster Charles Scrivener Wonham, R.N.
Fleet Surgeon Harold Paget Jones, R.N.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander David Duncan Cuninghame, R.N.
Lieutenant (Flag Lieutenant) David Norman Walter Joel, R.N.
Sub-Lieutenant H.R.H. The Prince Albert, R.N.
Fleet Paymaster John Anthony Keys, R.N.
Major Arthur Phayre Grattan, R.M.L.I.
Commander John Miles Steel, R.N.
Commander Reginald Guy Hannam Henderson, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander (Flag Lieutenant-Commander) Alfred
Englefield Evans, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander (Flag Lieutenant-Commander) Martin Edward
Scobell Boissier, R.N.
Chaplain Rev. Percy Herbert Jones, M.A., R.N.
Fleet Paymaster William Davenport Sarratt, R.N.
Naval Instructor George Herbert Andrew, M.A., R.N.
Chief Boatswain Henry Valentine Roberts, R.N.
Chief Gunner Michael Hall, R.N.
Chief Artificer Engineer William Alfred Hook, R.N.
Commander Stanley Tunstall Haverfield Wilton, R.N.
Temporary Surgeon Horace Palmer Margetts, R.N.
Commander Geoffrey Herbert Freyberg, R.N.
Midshipman Alec Edward Dodington, R.N.
Lieutenant George Griffiths, R.N.
Chief Gunner Leonard Slight, R.N.
Commander (Flag Commander) Wilfred Allan Egerton, R.N.
Commander Harold Brisbane Bedwell, R.N.
Fleet Surgeon John Hunter Pead, M.B., M.A., R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander (Flag Lieutenant-Commander) Philip Acheson
Lieutenant Robert Mends, R.N.
Engineer Commander David Edward Duke, R.N.
Engineer Commander William Reginald Crawford, R.N.
Engineer Commander George Herbert Fletcher, R.N.
Engineer Commander Charles de Faye Messervy, R.N.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander James Bell Nicholson, R.N.
Lieutenant William Scott Chalmers, R.N.
Lieutenant Edward Richard Busk Kemble, R.N.
Commander Evan Campbell Bunbury, R.N.
Surgeon Horace Elliott Rose Stephens, R.N.
Lieutenant Arthur Leyland Harrison, R.N.
Engineer Commander Mark Rundle, R.N.
Midshipman Nevill Glennie Garnons-Williams, R.N.
Lieutenant (Flag Lieutenant) the Hon. Humphrey Legge, R.N.
Commander Charles Dominick Burke, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Arthur Gerald Harris, R.N.
Fleet Surgeon Arthur Richard Harrie Skey, M.B., R.N.
Artificer Engineer Ernest Thaxter, R.N.
Gunner Richard Francis MacDermott, R.N.
Engineer Commander Cecil Henry Alec Bermingham, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Patrick Macnamara, R.N.
Fleet Surgeon John Reid Muir, M.B., R.N.
Lieutenant Alexander Stuart Mackay, R.N.R.
Lieutenant (Flag Lieutenant) Stewart Dykes Spicer, R.N.
Captain Alexander George William Grierson, R.M.L.I.
Commander Dudley Burton Napier North, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Arthur Douglas Wales Smith, R.N.
Chief Gunner Jesse Hannat Mack, R.N.
Lieutenant Alexander David Boyle, R.N.
Commander Morgan Tindal, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Ralph Benest Janvrin, D.S.O., R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander Ronald Wolseley Oldham, R.N.
Lieutenant Gerald Harman Warner, R.N.
Lieutenant Arthur George Curtis, R.N.
Engineer Commander William Pascho Cunday Spriddle, R.N.
Gunner (T) Henry Jackson Epworth, R.N.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander William Smith, R.N.
Surgeon Probationer Neil Macleod, R.N.V.R.
Lieutenant Maurice Arthur Brind, R.N.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander Thomas Johnston Foulkes, R.N.
Gunner Richard Gould, R.N.
Surgeon Probationer Gilbert Blurton, R.N.V.R.
Lieutenant Charles Ernest Hotham, R.N.
Lieutenant Eric Alfred Davis, R.N.
Lieutenant Hew Cockburn Hedderwick, R.N.V.R.
Gunner Charles Henry Young, R.N.
Gunner Thomas McConnell, R.N.
Engineer Lieutenant-Commander Sidney Gordon Wheeler, R.N.
Gunner Frederick Joseph Coulton, R.N.
Surgeon Probationer Carl Knight Cullen, R.N.V.R.
Staff of the
Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets.
Commander Roger M. Bellairs, R.N.
Paymaster (Secretary to my Chief of Staff) Cunningham Prior, R.N.
Lieutenant-Commander (my Flag Lieutenant-Commander) Herbert
am, Sir, Your obedient Servant,
R. JELLICOE, Admiral.
Click here for
Honours, Appointments and Awards to Officers mentioned
in the foregoing despatches
here for French Gallantry Awards to Royal Navy,
including Battle of Jutland
- 15 SEPTEMBER 1916
OF JUTLAND - AWARDS TO PETTY OFFICERS and MEN
dated 15 September 1916
- 10 APRIL 1917
CAMPAIGN - EVACUATION
DESPATCHES dated 22 December 1915 and 26 January
and area - click to enlarge
11th April, 1917.
The following despatches from Vice-Admiral Sir John M. de
Robeck, K.C.B., late Vice- Admiral Commanding the
Eastern Mediterranean Squadron, and Vice-Admiral
Sir Rosslyn E. Wemyss, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., M.V.O.,
late Senior Naval Officer, Mudros, describe the
naval operations in connection with the withdrawal
of the Army from the Gallipoli Peninsula:
Nelson" at Mudros, 22nd December, 1915.
Be pleased to lay before the Lords Commissioners of the
Admiralty the following report on the operations
connected with the evacuation of the positions at
Suvla and Anzac.
The evacuation was carried out in three stages, as follows:
(a) A Preliminary Stage. During this stage all personnel,
animals, and vehicles not necessary for a winter
campaign were removed. This necessitated no
special arrangements, and was completed by the
date on which definite orders to evacuate Suvla
and Anzac were received.
(b) An Intermediate Stage. During this stage all personnel,
guns, and animals which were not absolutely
necessary for the defence of the positions in the
event of an enemy attack at the last moment were
removed. This also was carried out without special
arrangements beyond the withdrawal of increased
amounts of material each night.
(c) Final Stage. Special and detailed orders were necessary
for the operations of this stage, which had to be
completed in thirty-six hours, and which included
the embarkation of all personnel remaining, and of
all guns and animals not previously withdrawn.
The principle decided upon for all three stages was secrecy
and the attempt to take the enemy entirely by
surprise. It was hoped that he would ascribe any
unusual activity, if observed, to the preparation
for an attack. Every effort was therefore made
during the whole of the operations to maintain the
beaches, offing,, etc., in their usual appearance,
and all embarkations were carried out during the
dark hours. The increase in the number of motor
lighters, boats, etc., in use at the beaches was
hidden as far as possible during the daytime. The
preliminary stage was completed satisfactorily by
the 10th December, when the definite orders to
evacuate were received.
It had been computed that ten nights would be required for
the intermediate stage, on each of which three
thousand personnel and a proportion of guns and
animals would be embarked from each beach. This
estimate was eventually reduced, special efforts,
being made in order to take advantage of the fine
weather, the duration of which could not be relied
on at this season.
The intermediate stage was completed on the night of the
17th/18th December, and, from the absence of any
unusual shelling of the beaches during these
nights, it was apparent that the enemy had no idea
of the movement in progress.
Some forty-four thousand personnel, nearly 200 guns, numerous
wagons, and 3,000 animals, were evacuated during
this period, together with a large amount of
stores and ammunition.
The final stage commenced on the night of the 18th/19th
December, and was completed on the night of the
19th/20th December. The fixing of the date for
this stage had been a question of some discussion.
On the one hand, it was deemed most advisable that
the operation should be carried on with the utmost
despatch and without loss of time for fear of the
weather breaking; on the other hand, the moon on
the 18th was very near its full. It was
considered, however, that this fact might not
altogether be a disadvantage, as the benefit
accruing to us would probably counteract any
advantage gained by the enemy. The weather
conditions, however, proved to be ideal. An
absolutely smooth sea, no wind, and a cloudy sky
caused grey nights which were of the utmost
benefit to the work on the beaches, and were
apparently not sufficiently light to enable the
enemy to get an idea of what was taking place.
On each of the two nights of the final stage it was necessary
to evacuate rather more than ten thousand
personnel from each beach, and for this special
arrangement were necessary. The chief possible
difficulties to contend with were two: Firstly,
the bad weather to be expected at this season;
secondly, interference by the enemy.
After some heavy winds, fine weather set in with December,
and, except for a strong northeasterly wind on the
15th, continued until 24 hours after the
completion of the evacuation. This prolonged
period of fine weather alone made possible the
success which attended the operation. It enabled
light piers, and improvements of a temporary
nature to existing piers, to be carried out. A
southerly wind of even moderate force at any time
during this period must have wrecked piers, and
have caused very considerable losses among the
small craft assembled for the operations, and
would have necessitated the embarkation being
carried out from the open beaches. Such loss of
small craft would have made anything in the nature
of rapid evacuation an impossibility, and would
have enormously increased the difficulties. To
cope with such an eventuality a reserve of small
craft up to 50 per cent, would not have been too
great; actually the reserve maintained had to be
very much smaller.
Interference by the enemy would have been most serious, as
the beaches were fully exposed to shell fire, and
the damage inflicted to personnel, small craft,
piers, &c., might have been most serious, as
he would have had no inducement to husband his
Under such conditions it was most improbable that anything
beyond personnel could have been evacuated.
Casualties would also have been heavy, and removal
of wounded out of the question. To meet the latter
possibility, arrangements were made to leave the
hospital clearing stations intact, with a
proportion of medical staff in attendance, and
thus ensure that our wounded would not suffer from
want of attention, which the enemy, with all the
good will in the world, might have been unable to
supply. It was also arranged that in such
circumstances an attempt would have been made to
negotiate an armistice on the morning after the
evacuation to collect and, if possible, bring off
our wounded. Fortunately neither of these two
dangers matured, but the probability of either or
both doing so made this stage of the operations
most anxious for all concerned.
The final concentration of the ships and craft required at
Kephalo was completed on the 17th December, and in
order to prevent enemy's aircraft observing the
unusual quantity of shipping, a constant air
patrol was maintained to keep these at a distance.
Reports of the presence of enemy submarines were also
received during these two days: patrols were
strengthened, but no attacks by these craft were
The evacuation was carried out in accordance with orders. No
delays occurred, and there were no accidents to
ships or boats.
On the night of the 18th/19th December, when I embarked in
H.M.S. "Arno" (below - Navy Photos)
accompanied by General Sir William Birdwood, the
embarkation was finished at Suvla by 3 a.m., and
at Anzac by 5.30 a.m., and by daylight the beaches
and anchorages at these places had resumed their
The second night's operations, as far as the Navy was
concerned, differed in no wise from the first;
precisely the same routine being adhered to. The
weather conditions were similar and could not have
suited our purpose better. On this night I hoisted
my flag in H.M.S. "Chatham," and was accompanied
by General Sir William Birdwood and members of our
The last troops left the front trenches at 1.30 a.m., and I
received the signal that the evacuation was
complete at 4.15 a.m. at Anzac and 5.39 a.m. at
A large mine was exploded at about 3.15 a.m. by the
Australians, and at Suvla all perishable stores
which had not been taken off and which were heaped
up in large mounds with petrol poured over them,
were fired at 4 a.m., making a vast bonfire which
lighted everything round for a very long distance.
In spite of all this, the enemy seemed perfectly unaware of
what had taken place. As day dawned, soon after
6.30. the anchorages of both places were clear of
all craft, except the covering Squadrons, which
had been ordered up during the night, and when the
sun had sufficiently risen for objects to be made
out, the bombardment of the beaches commenced with
the object of destroying everything that remained.
At Suvla this consisted only of some water tanks a
ad four motor lighters, which, I regret to say,
had been washed ashore in the gale of 28th of
November and which had never been
recovered, owing principally to lack of time. At
Anzac it had been deemed inadvisable to set a
light to the stores which had been found
impossible to embark, so that here the bombardment
was more severe and large fires were started by
the bursting shell.
A curious spectacle now presented itself, certain areas
absolutely clear of troops being subjected to a
heavy shell fire from our own and the enemy's
It seems incredible that all this work had taken place
without the enemy becoming aware of our object,
for although the utmost care was taken to preserve
the beaches and offing as near as possible normal,
yet it proved quite impracticable to get up boats
and troop carriers in sufficient time to carry out
the night's work, and yet for them not to have
been visible from some parts of the Peninsula.
The morning bombardment lasted but a very short time, for I
felt that the use of much ammunition would merely
be a waste; moreover the risk of submarines
appearing on the scene of action had never been
absent from my mind at any time during the whole
operation. Consequently at 7.25 a.m., I ordered
the Squadron to return to Kephalo, leaving two
specially protected cruisers to watch the area.
These subsequently reported that they had caused a
good deal of damage amongst the enemy when they
eventually swarmed down to take possession of the
loot, the realisation of which, I trust, was a
great disappointment to them.
All the arrangements were most admirably carried out, and the
time table previously laid down was adhered to
Before closing this despatch, I would like to emphasise the
fact that what made this operation so successful,
apart from the kindness of the weather and of the
enemy, was the hearty co-operation of both
services. The evacuation forms an excellent
example of the cordial manner in which the Navy
and Army have worked together during these last
For the Army the evacuation was an operation of great
probable danger, shared by the naval beach
personnel; it was also, specially for the former,
one of considerable sadness. Throughout the whole
proceedings nothing could have exceeded the
courtesy of Generals Sir William Birdwood, Sir
Julian Byng, and Sir Alexander Godley, and their
respective Staffs, and this attitude was typical
of the whole Army.
The traditions of the Navy were fully maintained, the
seamanship and resource displayed reaching a very
high standard. From the Commanding Officers of
men-of-war, transports, and large supply ships, to
the Midshipmen in charge of steamboats and pulling
boats off the beaches, all did well.
I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant,
R. E. WEMYSS.
Nelson," 26th January, 1916.
I have the honour to forward the following despatch dealing
with the withdrawal of the Army from the Gallipoli
In considering the evacuation of the Helles position it was
laid down by Sir Charles Monro, for the guidance
of the Army, that:
(a) The withdrawal should be conducted with the utmost
rapidity, the final stage being limited to one
(b) Every effort should be made to improve embarkation
facilities at as many points on the coast as could
be used, other than W and V beaches.
(c) Every endeavour should be made to evacuate as many as
possible of the following:
18-pdr. Guns. 4.5-inch howitzers. 60-pdr. Guns.
75 mm. guns. Heavy guns.
artillery ammunition and such small-arm ammunition
as could safely be withdrawn before the final
(d) The period of time which must elapse before the final
stage could be undertaken would be determined by
the time required to collect necessary shipping
and to make essential preparations ashore (work on
beaches, pathways, &c.) taken in conjunction
with the necessity for evacuating the superfluous
personnel and as much as possible of the material
mentioned in I.
(e) During the "intermediate stage" the duration of which
would be determined by the foregoing
considerations, such other animals, material,
stores and supplies as could be embarked without
prolonging this period would also be evacuated.
Forty-eight hours before the evacuation was completed the
number of men remaining on the peninsula was to be
cut down to 22,000.
Of these 7,000 were to embark on the last night but one,
leaving 15,000 for the final night; at the request
of the military the latter, number was increased
As few guns as possible were to be left to the final night
and arrangements were made to destroy any of these
which it might be found impossible to remove or
which, by reason of their condition, were
considered not worth removing.
The original intention was to use Gully, "X," "W" and "V"
beaches for the embarkation of troops on the final
night; this was deemed advisable in consequence of
the very accurate and heavy fire which the enemy
could bring to bear on "W" and "V" beaches, on to
both of which their guns were carefully
The decision not to use "X" beach and to use Gully beach only
to embark the last 700 men was arrived at on the
This alteration of plan was recommended by General Sir
Francis Davies, commanding the 8th Corps; he based
his objections to the use of "X" and Gully beaches
(a) The probability of bad weather. Embarkation from these
beaches, even in a moderately strong northerly
(b) "X" and Gully beaches had not been used for a
considerable time as landing places; and should
the movements of ships and boats off the beaches
be observed by the enemy, it might awaken their
suspicions as to what was taking place.
The essence of the operation being secrecy, the second of
these reasons decided me to concur in this change
of plan almost at the eleventh hour.
The preliminary stage commenced on the night of the 30th/31st
December and terminated on the night of the
During this stage all personnel except 17,000 were removed,
as well as the majority of the guns and a great
quantity of animals, stores, &c.
The amount of stores remaining on shore after the preliminary
stage was greater than was anticipated or
intended; this was almost entirely due to the
unfavourable weather conditions and, as men were
evacuated, to a shortage in working parties.
On 1st January the weather showed signs of breaking; on the
2nd and 3rd strong northeasterly winds blew all
day; the morning of the 4th was calm, but the
weather broke at 7 p.m. and by 11 p.m. it was
blowing a gale from the N.E., which, however,
moderated on the evening of the 5th; on the 6th
and 7th the weather conditions were favourable.
Fortunately the wind remained in the north to north-east
which permitted work to continue on "V" and "W"
beaches. The transfer of guns, animals and stores,
&c., from motor lighters to transports and
supply ships lying off the beaches was a matter of
great difficulty under such conditions of weather.
During the whole of this period "V" and "W" beaches were
subjected to a heavy and accurate shell fire from
the enemy's batteries mounted on the Asiatic shore
and also from guns firing from positions to north
of Achi Baba.
All these guns were accurately registered on to the beaches,
and the shelling continued day and night at
frequent and uncertain intervals; that the actual
loss of life from this fire was very small borders
on the miraculous; the beach parties were
completely exposed, and piers and foreshore
constantly hit by shells while officers and men
were working on them; even when resting in the
dug-outs security from enemy's fire could not be
assured, and several casualties occurred under
The work on the beaches was practically continuous; during
the day time motor lighters, &c., were loaded
up with stores, &c., to be transferred to
store ships at night; by night the work was most
During the whole time there remained the paramount necessity
of preventing the enemy gaining intelligence of
what was in progress; this added greatly to the
difficulties of work during daylight. Enemy
aircraft paid frequent visits to the peninsula; on
these occasions, whilst the "Taube" was in
evidence, animals and transports approaching the
beaches were turned and marched in the opposite
direction, and stores and horses already in
lighters were even unloaded on to the beaches to
give the appearance of a disembarkation.
On the afternoon of the 7th the enemy delivered a very heavy
artillery attack against certain portions of our
advanced position, probably the most intense
bombardment our trenches in the Helles area have
ever been subjected to.
Attempts were made by the enemy to follow up this bombardment
by an infantry attack, but the few Turks who could
be persuaded to quit their trenches were instantly
shot down, and the infantry advance was a complete
This bombardment and attack most fortunately took place at a
time when our forward position was fully manned
and when there were still about sixty guns in
position on the peninsula, with a very large
supply of ammunition.
The ships supporting the left flank opened a heavy
fire on the Turkish position. H.M.S. "Grafton" (rbelow
- Photo Ships) (Captain Henry E. Grace),
H.M.S. "Raglan" (Captain Cecil D. S. Raikes), and
H.M. Destroyer "Wolverine" (Lieutenant-Commander
Adrian St. V. Keyes), were on duty in position to
support the army, which they did most ably,
undoubtedly inflicting heavy loss on the enemy.
They were reinforced by H.M.S. "Russell," H.M.S.
"Havelock," and H.M. Destroyer "Scorpion."
Arrangements were also made to reinforce Helles with one
brigade of infantry from Imbros, should such a
step become necessary.
The principal reasons the enemy did not discover that the
evacuation was taking place were, I consider:
(a) The excellent arrangements made by the military and the
beach parties to prevent the enemy noticing any
change in the landscape or any undue activity on
(b) The probable unexpected force encountered in their attack
on the 7th. It appears reasonable to suppose that
the enemy, having thus convinced himself that the
peninsula was still held in force by us, was
satisfied that no evacuation would take place for
The fact that on the 8th the wind was in the south and
blowing on to "W" and "V" beaches, and that by 9
p.m. it had freshened so considerably as to render
any evacuation a most difficult and hazardous
The enemy were certainly deceived as to the date of our final
departure from his shores, and his artillery fire
on the final night of the evacuation was
The decision arrived at on the 6th to evacuate practically
all the personnel of the final night from "W" and
"V" beaches necessitated some rearrangement of
plans, as some 5,000 additional troops had to be
embarked from these beaches.
To use motor lighters from the already crowded piers would
have lengthened the operation very considerably,
and it was therefore decided to employ destroyers
to embark 5,200 men from the blockships, which
were fitted with stagings and connected to the
shore; thus existing arrangements would be
interfered with as little as possible. The result
was excellent. The destroyers which were laid
alongside the blockships, in spite of a nasty sea,
being handled with great skill by their commanding
officers, once more showing their powers of
The necessary amendments to orders were issued on the morning
of the 7th, and, in spite of the short notice
given, the naval operations on the night of the
8th/9th were carried out without confusion or
delay, a fact which reflects great credit on all
concerned, especially on the beach personnel, who
were chiefly affected by the change of plan.
On the 8th January the weather was favourable except that the
wind was from the south; this showed no signs of
freshening at 5 p.m., and orders were given to
carry out the final stage.
The actual embarkation on the 8th commenced at 8 p.m., and
the last section were to commence embarking at
By 9 p.m. the wind had freshened considerably, still blowing
from the south; a slight sea got up, and caused
much inconvenience on the beaches.
A floating bridge at "W" beach commenced to break up,
necessitating arrangements being made to ferry the
last section of the personnel to the waiting
At Gully beach matters were worse, and, after a portion of
the 700 troops had been embarked in motor lighters
and sent off to H.M.S. "Talbot," it was found
impossible to continue using this beach (one motor
lighter was already badly on shore - she was
subsequently destroyed by gunfire), and orders
were given for the remainder of the Gully beach
party to embark from "W" beach; this was done
without confusion, special steps having been taken
by the beachmaster to cope with such an
After a temporary lull the wind again increased, and by 3
a.m. a very nasty sea was running into "W" beach.
It was only by the great skill and determination displayed by
the beach personnel that the embarkation was
brought to a successful conclusion, and all the
small craft except one steamboat (damaged in
collision) got away in safety.
The last troops were leaving at 3.45 a.m., after which the
beach personnel embarked.
Great difficulty was experienced in getting the last motor
lighters away, owing to the heavy seas running
into the harbour.
This was unfortunate, as the piles of stores which it had
been found impossible to take off, and which were
prepared for burning, were lit perhaps rather
sooner than was necessary, as were also the fuses
leading to the magazine.
The latter blew up before all the boats were clear, and, I
regret to report, caused the death of one of the
crew of the hospital barge, which was amongst the
last boats to leave.
It was fortunate that more casualties were not caused by the
explosion, debris from which fell over and around
a great many boats.
The success of the operations was due principally to:
(a) Excellent staff work.
(b) The untiring energy and skill displayed by officers and
men, both Army and Navy, comprising the beach
(c) The good seamanship and zeal of the officers and crews of
the various craft employed in the evacuation of
(d) The excellent punctuality of the Army in the arrival of
the troops for embarkation at the different
The Navy has especially to thank Generals Sir William
Birdwood and Sir Francis Davies for their
forethought and hearty co-operation in all
The staff work was above reproach, and I hope I may be
permitted to mention some of those military
officers who rendered special assistance to the
Navy. They are: Major-General the Hon. H. A.
Lawrence, Brigadier-General H. E. Street, and
Colonel A. B. Carey, R.E. the latter of whom
performed work of inestimable value in the last
few days by improving piers and preparing means of
rapid embarkation from the blockships.
The programme and plans as regards the naval portion of the
operations were due to the work of my chief of
staff, Commodore Roger J. B. Keyes, to whom too
great credit cannot be given; to Captain Francis
H. Mitchell, R.N., attached to General
Headquarters; Major William W. Godfrey, R.M.L.I.,
of my staff; Captain Cecil M Staveley (principal
beachmaster at Cape Helles); Captain Henry F. G.
Talbot, in charge of the vessels taking part; and
Acting Commander George F. A. Mulock (chief
assistant to Captain Staveley).
The organisation of the communications, on which so much
depended, was very ably carried out by my Fleet
Wireless Officer (Commander James F. Somerville)
and my Signal Officer (Lieutenant Hugh S. Bowlby).
The arrangement by which H.M.S. "Triad" (on board
of which was the General Officer commanding Helles
Army) was anchored close in under Cape Tekeh, and
connected with the shore telephone system by two
cables, thus leaving her wireless installation
free for communicating with the ships of covering
squadron, &c., was especially good.
The naval covering squadron was under the command of
Rear-Admiral Sydney R. Fremantle in H.M.S.
"Hibernia" (below - Maritime Quest) who
had a most able colleague in Captain Douglas L.
Dent, of H.M.S. "Edgar," whose ability had done so
much to improve the naval gun support to the
The work of this squadron was conducted with great energy,
and was in every way satisfactory. It controlled
to a great extent the enemy's guns firing on to
Whenever the enemy opened fire, whether by day or night,
there were always ships in position to reply, a
result which reflects much credit on the officers
The Army Headquarters gave us again the invaluable assistance
and experience of Lieutenant-Colonel C. F.
Aspinall in arranging details, and I cannot help
laying special stress on this officer's excellent
co-operation with my staff on all occasions.
I now have the pleasure of bringing to your notice the loyal
support and assistance we received, now, as
always, from our French friends.
Contre Admiral de Bon was responsible for the French naval
programme of evacuation, and on its completion he
rendered us every assistance with his beach
parties, who were under the immediate command of a
most able and gallant officer - Capitaine de
Fregate Bréart de Boisanger - an officer whom I
have already brought to your Lordships' notice in
a previous despatch.
There are many officers and men who have performed
meritorious service in connection with this
evacuation; their names will be forwarded in due
course in a separate letter.
I have the honour to be, Sir, Your
J. M. DE ROBECK, Vice-Admiral.
- 15 JUNE 1917
DESPATCH dated 28 January 1917
East Africa - from "The
Navy Everywhere" by Conrad Gato,
click map to enlarge
15th June, 1917.
following despatch has been received from the
Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station,
describing the later coastal operations by H.M.
ships against German East Africa.
"Hyacinth," 25th January, 1917.
- Navy Photos)
pleased to lay before their Lordships the
following report of the later coastal operations
against German East Africa by H.M. ships under my
operations may be said to have commenced with the
occupation, on the 1st August, 1916, of the town
of Saadani by naval forces, assisted by a
detachment of the Zanzibar African Rifles. The
capture of this coast town was undertaken at the
request of General Smuts, and was well and
effectively carried out under the immediate
supervision of Captain A. H. Williamson, M.V.O.,
of "Vengeance" (flying my flag) for the outer
squadron, and of Captain E. J. A. Fullerton,
D.S.O., of "Severn" for the inshore squadron;
Commander R. J. N. Watson of "Vengeance" being in
command of the landing party.
force was landed in boats from "Vengeance,"
"Talbot" (Captain R, C. Kemble Lambert, D.S.O.),
"Severn," and "Mersey" (Commander R. A. Wilson,
D.S.O.) about one mile to the north of the town at
6 a.m., "Severn" and "Mersey" covering the landing
with their guns. But slight opposition was
experienced, only three casualties being
sustained. The fort was enclosed in a "boma,"
which had been constructed originally to keep out
leopards and savages, and was surrounded by the
native village and dense bush, which had to be
the period of naval occupation a few encounters
took place between our advanced patrols and those
of the enemy, but no attack in force was made and
our energies were confined to consolidating the
the 5th August the whole of the naval forces,
except the Marines and a few special details,
re-embarked on military forces being landed to
the 13th August I received a wireless message from
the military officer in command at Saadani, giving
the enemy force at Bagamoyo at about ten whites
and forty Askaris, and asking if the Navy would
take the town, as its earliest occupation was
essential. I replied that this would be done and
issued orders accordingly.
the information given me indicated that the enemy
force was small, I knew that it would be strongly
entrenched and would have Maxims, and I therefore
decided to land what force I could raise from the
ships immediately available, together with all
machine guns, and to have a strong covering force
of light-draught ships inshore with heavy-draught
it turned out the intelligence was very much at
fault, the enemy having one 4.1-in. gun, one
five-barrelled pom-pom, and two Maxims, their
total force being more numerous than the landing
5.0 p.m. on the 14th August, "Vengeance" (Flag),
with "Challenger" (Captain A. C. Sykes) and
"Manica" (Commander W. E. Whittingham, R.N.R.) in
company, left Zanzibar, anchoring at 3.24 a.m. on
the 15th off Bagamoyo, the landing party leaving
"Vengeance" at 4.40 a.m., under the command of
Commander R. J. N. Watson.
was a slight swell, little wind, and a bright
moon, so that a complete surprise was not to be
expected; but the landing turned out to be as near
a surprise as was possible in the circumstances,
and it is believed that the boats were not seen
until they had left the monitors at 5.30 a.m.
to the skill with which the advance was conducted
by Commander Watson and Commander (acting) W. B.
Wilkinson, and an alteration of course when some
little way from the shore, the enemy were
completely deceived as to the point of landing,
and found themselves under a heavy fire from the
monitors and motor boats, which effectually
prevented them from firing on the landing party.
latter proceeded and landed close under the
4.1-in. gun position to the left of the town, at a
point where the gun, owing to its position some 30
feet back from the ridge on which it was sited,
could not be sufficiently depressed to bear on
the other hand this gun came under the enfilading
fire of the 3-pounders, one each in my steam
barge, "Vengeance's" (below - Photo Ships)
picket boat, and the tug "Helmuth." This fire, at
from 800 to 500 yards, so seriously discomposed
the enemy that they abandoned the gun as soon as
attacked by the shore party. This gun had come
from Tanga in tow of 500 coolies, and had arrived
at the position in which it was taken on the 9th
August. Its capture was, in my opinion, a most
remarkable piece of work, reflecting the greatest
credit on the boats and the attacking section.
the "Manica" had got up her kite balloon and was
spotting, but her seaplane had engine trouble and
was forced to come down in the breakers at the
mouth of the Kingani River, returning undamaged. I
accordingly called on "Himalaya" (Captain Colin
Mackenzie, D.S.O.), which was just leaving
Zanzibar, and at 6.0 a.m. her seaplane flew across
from Zanzibar, and at once dropped bombs on the
enemy in trenches, afterwards spotting. "Himalaya"
herself followed and took a useful part in the
6.30 a.m. it was reported from three sources -
kite balloon, portable W./T. set ashore, and W./T
from seaplane - that the enemy were retiring
between the French Mission and the sea, and were
around the Mission.
cause of this retreat was the endeavour of Captain
von Bok to rush his troops round to the opposite
side of the town to oppose our landing. About this
time the pom-pom gun was hit by a 6-in. shell
from. "Severn" (Commander (acting) W. B. C. Jones)
and nearly pulverised, Captain von Boedecke being
killed. Shortly after Captain, von Bok was also
killed, and with both leaders gone all initiative
on the part of the enemy was lost, and our men
were able to firmly establish themselves in a
small but important quarter of the town, from
which they subsequently spread and gathered in all
the Arabs, Indians, and natives. Beyond slight
damage from shell fire and a fire in the native
village - where an occasional fire is beneficial -
the town is intact.
importance of the capture of this town on the
native mind was very great, as it is the old
capital of the slave trade and the starting place
of the great caravan routes into the interior.
result from a military point of view was
immediately apparent in the demoralisation of the
enemy forces, particularly the native portion, and
in the evacuation of the Mtoni Ferry, a strategic
and strongly-defended position about six miles
above the town over the Kingani River, thereby
giving our troops moving south from Saadani and
Mandera an open road.
is with deep regret that I record the death of
Captain Francis H. Thomas, D.S.C., Royal Marine
Light Infantry, whilst gallantly leading his men.
He had taken part in all recent operations and was
a most promising officer. Our other casualties
were two seamen and two marines wounded, while the
Zanzibar African Rifles had one sergeant and one
Askari killed and one Askari wounded. Two native
porters were also wounded.
enemy casualties were estimated at two officers,
one white soldier, and eight Askaris killed, three
white and eight Askaris wounded, and four white
and fifteen Askaris taken prisoner.
the 20th August the naval forces were relieved by
the military and re-embarked in their ships.
the 21st August, in continuance of the policy of
harassing Dar-es-Salaam, "Vengeance" and
"Challenger" (below - Photo Ships)
bombarded various gun positions; and during that
night "Challenger" carried out a further
bombardment, firing 50 rounds of 6-in. over the
town into the railway station. On the 23rd, 26th,
28th, 30th and 31st August, and on the 1st
September, other limited bombardments took place,
and on the 3rd September the whalers "Pickle"
(Lieutenant H. C. Davis, D.S.C., R.D., R.N.R.),
"Fly" (Lieutenant D. H. H. Whitburn, R.N.R.),
"Childers" (Lieutenant V. C. Large, R.N.R.), and
"Echo" (Lieutenant C. J. Charlewood, D.S.C.,
R.N.R.), under Flag Commander the Hon. R. O. B.
Bridgeman, D.S.O., simulated a landing at Upanga
and attacked the front at short range from West
Ferry Point to Ras Upanga. They were received with
shrapnel fire from a field battery, but escaped
preparations for the advance on Dar-es-Salaam were
in full swing, and on the 31st August the military
advance started from Bagamoyo, the main body
marching south and being strongly reinforced at
Konduchi on the 2nd September, for which landing
they themselves formed the covering party. The
plan succeeded admirably, the enemy retiring and
making little attempt to oppose the advance, so
that in the end the final reinforcements actually
landed in face of the very formidable
entrenchments at Mssassani Bay.
the military column went six naval maxims, six
Lewis guns, one 3-pounder Hotchkiss on field
mounting, and a medical section, the party being
under the command of Commander H. D. Bridges,
D.S.O., of "Hyacinth."
between the main column and the small craft
inshore was maintained by a naval wireless party.
march of 36 miles proved exceedingly arduous, the
road turning into little better than a sandy track
through a waterless district. Porters were short
and speedily dropped behind with provisions, to
add to which the first regiment of African descent
which arrived at Mssassani consumed the 12,000
gallons of water and three days' provisions for
the whole force.
the 3rd September, following on the simulated
landing from the whalers, a brisk bombardment of
gun positions to the northward of the town, and in
advance of our troops, was carried out for half an
hour until 7.0 a.m., when firing ceased and our
troops continued their advance to the outskirts of
matters now appeared ripe to demand the surrender
of the town, on the morning of the 4th September,
"Challenger," flying a "white flag, proceeded to
Makatumbe with a written demand, signed by me and
by the Officer commanding troops. This was
transferred to the "Echo," which took it as far as
the boom and then sent it ashore in her boat.
8.0 a.m., the deputy burgomaster, the bank
manager, and an interpreter came off in the "Echo"
and agreed to the conditions of the demand, giving
all the required guarantees. Our troops were at
once told by wireless to advance into the town.
All ships entered Dar-es-Salaam Bay, and during
the afternoon the monitors entered the harbour
after destroying the hawsers of the boom across
landed with my staff at 2.30 p.m., and at 3.0
o'clock the Union Jack was hoisted over the
Magistracy with full honours.
on the occupation of Dar-es-Salaam it became
necessary to seize other coast towns further
south, and thus prevent the enemy from retreating
by the coast to Lindi and the southern ports. In
consequence, on the 7th September, a simultaneous
attack was made on the two Kilwas (Kivinje and
Kisiwani), with the object of getting possession
of these towns and holding the two hills, Singino
Hill and Mpara Hill, which command Kilwa Kivinje
and Port Beaver respectively. After four 12-in.
shrapnel had been placed on the top of Singino
Hill by "Vengeance," a white man was seen
endeavouring to haul down the German colours at
Kivinje and to hoist his boy's white "kanzu" in
their place. This was observed just in time to
prevent fire being opened from "Vengeance" with
6-in. guns on the trenches along the beach. A flag
of truce was sent in, the town surrendered
unconditionally, and a force was landed and
occupied the town and the hill. Meanwhile, Kilwa
Kisiwani had surrendered unconditionally to
"Talbot," who landed a party and occupied Mpara
against the three Southern Ports of Mikindani,
Sudi and Lindi commenced on the 13th September,
when 200 Marines, 700 Indian troops, 200 Zanzibar
and Mafia African Rifles, 12 naval machine guns, 2
hotchkiss guns and 950 porters were landed at
Mikindani in boats from "Hyacinth" (Capt David M
Anderson, M.V.O, R.N.), "Vengeance," "Talbot,"
"Himalaya," and "Princess" (Captain C. La P.
Lewin), assisted by the gunboats "Thistle"
(Commander Hector Boyes) and "Rinaldo" (below
- Photo Ships) (Lieutenant-Commander H. M.
Garrett), and the kite balloon ship "Manica", and
the transport " Barjora." There was no opposition,
and the town was occupied by 9.0 a.m.
the 14th September our troops commenced their
advance towards Sudi, while "Vengeance,"
"Hyacinth," "Talbot" and "Himalaya," with
"Barjora," proceeded round to the anchorage
outside there. Whalers entered the inner harbour
at daylight on the 16th, experiencing no
whole force, having left a garrison of 100 men at
Mikindani, marched to Sudi, arriving there at
noon, when the marines, naval guns and African
Rifles were embarked, the intention being to land
these as a covering party outside Lindi under the
guns of the squadron, while the main force marched
from Sudi to Lindi, where, if any resistance was
put up, they would have held a commanding position
on the south side of the river.
on the 16th the ships proceeded to Lindi Bay and
the Naval Brigade was landed after a short
bombardment of the selected beach with 6-in. guns.
An attempt to send in a flag of truce was made,
but no answer could be obtained, and from seaplane
observations the town appeared to be deserted.
Supported by "Thistle," the force advanced along
the beach and occupied the town.
troops - who were thus saved a long and arduous
march from Sudi to Lindi - were re-embarked at
Sudi on the evening of the 16th, leaving a
garrison of 100 men there. They arrived at Lindi
on the 17th, and relieved the Naval Brigade and
African Rifles, who were re-embarked.
same evening "Talbot," "Thistle," and "Barjora,"
with a detachment of Indian troops on board, left
Lindi, and by 8.0 a.m. on the 18th Kiswere was
occupied without any opposition, the troops
remaining as a garrison.
was the last town of any importance on the coast
of German East Africa, and the whole coast line is
now occupied with the exception of the Rufiji
connection with the operations covered by this
despatch I append a list of officers and men whom
I specially desire to bring to the notice of their
Lordships for meritorious services.
have the honour to be, Sir, Your obedient servant,
E. CHARLTON, Rear Admiral, Commander in Chief.
A. H. Williamson, M.V.O., H.M.S. "Vengeance."
A. C. Sykes, H.M.S. "Challenger."
R. J. N. Watson, H.M.S. "Vengeance."
Philip H. Trimmer, H.M.S. "Talbot."
E. S. Brooksmith, H.M.S. "Vengeance."
Lieutenant-Commander Cyril Goolden, H.M.S.
Lieutenant E. R. Moon, R.N.A.S.
Lieutenant J. E. B. Maclean, R.N.A.S.
F. J. Roskruge, H.M.S. "Hyacinth."
Paymaster W. F. Cullinan, H.M.S. "Hyacinth."
(Acting) H. G. Badger, H.M.S "Challenger."
Paymaster (Emergency) Charles H. Griffith, H.M.S.
Paymaster A. B. Johnston, H.M.S. "Hyacinth."
John Mackay, Chief Gunner, H.M.S. "Hyacinth."
Frank Goldsmith, Gunner (T.), H.M.S. "Talbot."
F. G. J. Manning, R.N.R., H.M.S. "Talbot."
Officers and Men.
Petty Officer (C.) James Noonan, R.N.A.S., O.N.
Petty Officer Francis Ernest Strong, H.M.S.
"Talbot," O.N. 166552 (Dev.).
Officer William James Grills, H.M.S. "Vengeance,"
O.N. 210006 (Dev.).
Officer John James Mitchell Lawes, H.M.S.
"Talbot," O.N. 185088 (Dev.).
Officer Charles Ernest Pease, H.M.S. "Vengeance,"
O.N. 189803 (Dev.).
Officer Arthur John Pidgeon, H.M.S. "Talbot," O.N.
Officer Frank Reynolds, H.M.S. "Echo," O.N. 216754
Officer William Henry James Vennal, H.M.S.
"Mersey," O.N. 189805 (Cha.).
Officer William Young, H.M.S. "Vengeance," O.N.
Seaman George Brunker, H.M.S. "Hyacinth," O.N.
Seaman Cecil William Saunders, H.M.S.
"Challenger," O.N. 236629 (Dev.).
Seaman, R.F.R., Vincent Burrage, H.M.S. "Talbot,"
O.N. 160207 (Dev.), R.F.R., B.68.
Seaman, R.F.R., Samuel Charles Cubitt, H.M.S.
"Severn," O.N. 217294 (Dev.), R.F.R. B.5408.
Seaman Michael Fitzgerald, H.M.S. "Echo,'' O.N.
196162 (R.F.R.) (Dev.), R.F.R. B 3743.
Seaman, R.F.R., Edward White Rose, H.M.S.
"Vengeance," O.N. 215403 (Cha.), R.F.R. B.5017.
of Signals Ernest James Templeman, H.M.S.
"Vengeance," O.N. 194786 (Dev.).
John Joseph Collins, H.M.S. "Vengeance," O.N.
Officer Telegraphist Albert French, H.M.S.
"Hyacinth," O.N. 227249 (Po.).
Officer Telegraphist Percival Charles King, H.M.S.
"Hyacinth," O.N. 235463 (Dev.).
Telegraphist George Ambler, H.M.S. "Pickle," O.N.
William Gilbert Gardiner, H.M.S. "Challenger,"
O.N. J.13806 (Dev.).
Room Artificer, R.N.R., William Gordon, H.M.S.
Room Artificer, 2nd Class, Harry Hopkins, H.M.S.
"Hyacinth," O.N. M.164 (Po.).
Stoker, R.F.R., Bernard Sinden, H.M.S. "Severn,"
O.N. SS.103033 (Dev.), R.F.R., B.3753.
Petty Officer Charles Arthur Cronshaw, H.M.S.
"Pickle," O.N. 297509 (Dev.).
Writer Ernest Hambly, H.M.S "Challenger," O.N.
Steward Albert Edward Tull, H.M.S. "Hyacinth,"
O.N. 340905 (Po.).
Steward Sampson Woodcock, H.M.S. "Challenger,"
O.N. 350687 (Dev.).
Sergt.-Major Percy Evan Smith, R.M.L.I., No.
Ply./10275, H.M.S. "Hyacinth."
R.M.L.I., Plymouth/7136, Walter James Fouracre,
R.M.L.I., Portsmouth/8394, Harry Carter, H.M.S.
Plymouth/12447, Ernest Victor Dean, R.M.L.I.,
Plymouth/11073, William Bradley, R.M.L.I., H.M.S.
Plymouth/9590 William Dennis, R.M.L.I., H.M.S.
Mechanic, 1st Grade, Frederick Wilmshurst,
R.N.A.S., O.N. J.29563 (Po.).
Click here for
Appointments and Awards to Officers and
mentioned in the foregoing despatches
- 21 SEPTEMBER 1917
dated 7 May 1917
Admiralty, 21st September, 1917.
despatch has been received from Vice-Admiral Sir
Rosslyn E. Wemyss, K.C.B., C.M.G., M.V.O., late
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station, covering
a report by Captain Wilfrid Nunn, C.M.G., D.S.O.,
R.N., on the operations of H.M. Gunboats in
Mesopotamia from December, 1916, to March, 1917:
7th May, 1917.
Be pleased to submit
to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty the
enclosed report on the recent operations in
Mesopotamia rendered to me by Captain Wilfrid
Nunn, C.M.G., D.S.O., R.N.
2. I take this
opportunity of specially bringing to Their
Lordships' notice the excellent conduct of Captain
Nunn during the whole period that he has commanded
the Flotilla on the Tigris. Through force of
circumstances this command devolved upon an
officer of less standing than might have been
otherwise expected, and he has shown himself under
all circumstances not only to have been worthy of
his responsible position, but to have carried out
his duties with a zeal and dash worthy of the best
traditions and to have shown a very remarkable
capacity for command.
am, Sir, Your obedient.Servant,
E. Wemyss, Vice-Admiral,
H.M.S. "Mantis," 21st March, 1917.
SIR: I have the
honour to submit the following report on the
operations on the Tigris during the months of
December, 1916, and January, February, and March,
1917, which led to the capture and occupation of
Baghdad by our forces on 11th March, 1917.
2. Our advance on
the right bank of the Tigris began on 13th
December, 1916, when our troops established
themselves on the Shatt al Hai.
situation early in January was as follows:
On the left bank our
forces were held up by the Turks in the extremely
strong Sannaiyat position, while on the right bank
we had advanced much further up the river. The
Turks opposed to us were commanded by Khalil
Pasha. They were well dug In in strong positions.
improvements have been effected in the Transport
department, railways have been constructed, and a
large number of river craft arrived.
A number of these,
and also barges, were put together at Abadan and
Basra, and the facilities for repairs much
increased, and wharves constructed.
3. The gunboats at
the Tigris front have cooperated with the Army in
many intermittent bombardments of the enemy
positions, and some very good results have been
obtained, besides frequently engaging enemy
We have at all times
received great help from the Army, the Artillery
officers and Staff being indefatigable in
rendering the Navy every assistance.
The 14th Kite
Balloon Section, R.N.A.S., commanded by Commander
Francis R. Wrottesley, R.N., marked for us on many
occasions, besides the useful work it has done
keeping look-out for the Army.
Aeroplanes have also
been frequently put at the disposal of the Royal
Navy for spotting.
While keeping some
gunboats at the Tigris front, I have also always,
at the request of the military authorities,
stationed others at various points on the line of
communication, and two have been stationed in the
Euphrates, in touch with the troops at Nasiriyah.
The following of
H.M. Ships have been engaged in the operations at
"Tarantula," Commander Henry G. Sherbrooke.
"Mantis," Commander Bernard Buxton.
"Moth," Lieutenant-Commander C. H. A. Cartwright.
"Gnat" (above - Photo Ships),
Lieutenant-Commander E. H. B. L. Scrivener.
"Butterfly," Lieutenant-Commander G. A. Wilson.
"Sawfly," Commander G. F. A. Mulock, D.S.O.
"Snakefly," Lieutenant R. P. D. Webster.
"Greenfly," Lieutenant-Commander A. G. Seymour,
"Gadfly," Commander E. K. Arbuthnot.
"Grayfly," Lieutenant C. H. Heath-Caldwell, D.S.C.
"Stonefly," Lieutenant M. Singleton, D.S.O.
"Mayfly," Lieutenant R. H. Lilley, D.S.C.
"Waterfly," Act. Commander Charles T. Gervers.
"Firefly" (below - Photo Ships),
Lieutenant-Commander C. J. F. Eddis.
"Flycatcher," Lieutenant Hugh Lincoln, R.N.R.
"Scotstoun," Lieutenant S. E. Nicolle.
proceeded in a most satisfactory manner, and early
in February our forces were in possession of the
right bank as far as to the westward of Kut el
Amara, with bridges over the Hai, large numbers of
prisoners having been taken, guns captured, and
heavy loss inflicted on the enemy.
bombardment, in which the gunboats co-operated, a
successful assault of the Sannaiyat position was
made on 22nd February, and a footing obtained in
the Sannaiyat position. During the night of the
22nd-23rd dummy attempts were made to cross the
river in various places above Sannaiyat, and just
before daybreak of the 23rd covering parties were
rowed across the Tigris near Shumran in pontoons,
a surprise landing effected, and a bridge thrown
By evening the
infantry of one division had crossed, and another
followed, the enemy trying ineffectually to stem
the British advance on the Shumran peninsula.
Meanwhile our troops
were pushing forward boldly through the Sannaiyat
The whole Turkish
position was manifestly becoming untenable, and
they commenced a general retreat, which developed
later into a rout.
5. I was present at
the operations on board H.M.S. "Tarantula," and
later on on board H.M.S. "Mantis," other of H.M.
Ships present being "Moth," "Butterfly,"
"Greenfly," "Gadfly," "Snakefly," "Waterfly",
"Flycatcher," and "Scotstoun" were also present at
the front from time to time, and H.M.S. "Gnat"
rejoined me on 4th March.
6. On the forenoon
of 24th February I moved up river with
"Tarantula," "Moth," "Mantis," "Butterfly,"
"Gadfly," and arrived at Kut el Amara at 9.30
p.m., where I landed and hoisted the Union Jack.
The town was
deserted and in ruins. Early on the morning of the
25th I moved on up river and communicated with our
troops near Shumran.
mines had been seen in the river, but were easily
7. During the
morning I received a message from the Army
Commander asking me to cooperate in pursuing the
retreating Turkish Army, and I pressed on up
river. We were abreast of our leading Infantry at
about 9.30 a.m. and in sight of the Turkish
rearguard, on which we at once opened with rapid
fire, inflicting heavy casualties. This the enemy
soon returned, opening an accurate fire on us with
field batteries, and several 5.9 howitzers from a
prepared position among the sand hills in the
neighbourhood of Imam Mahdi. Our troops were
advancing, and some of our field artillery
considerably relieved the situation by the
rapidity with which they came into action.
continued, during the day - all ships being hit by
splinters of shell, but luckily no serious damage
Lieutenant John H.
Murdock, R.N.R., of H.M.S. "Mantis," was somewhat
severely wounded in the afternoon.
8. The enemy
evacuated their position during the night, and we
pushed on with the Army in pursuit on the morning
of 26th February.
It soon became
evident that the Turkish Army was much
demoralised, and I received a message by W/T from
General Sir F. S. Maude during the forenoon to
push on and inflict as much damage as possible.
We proceeded at full
speed in "Tarantula," leading "Mantis" and "Moth"
(below, HMS Aphis, sister to all three -
Maritime Quest) H.M. ships "Gadfly" and
"Butterfly" following at their utmost speed.
My flotilla passed
the small town of Bghailah at 2 p.m. White flags
were flying over the town, and later on Commander
Ernest K. Arbuthnot, of "Gadfly" hoisted the
Union Jack over the town, bringing in also about
200 prisoners and some trench mortars.
9. Just above
Bghailah we now began to come up to numbers of
Turkish stragglers on the left bank of the Tigris,
and some guns partially submerged in the river,
where they had been abandoned. We opened fire on
all who did not surrender.
The smoke of
steamers had been seen ahead, and we were soon
able to distinguish several steamers, including
H.M.S. "Firefly," which we had to abandon on 1st
December, 1915, when her boiler was disabled by a
shell during the retreat from Ctesiphon and we
were surrounded by the Turkish Army.
afterwards got into gun range of the small
shipping and opened a heavy fire, particularly on
"Firefly" and the armed enemy ship "Pioneer," who
both replied. The "Firefly " made some good
shooting at us with her 4-inch gun.
10. The Turks
retreating on the left bank were becoming more
numerous; they now had our cavalry division in
pursuit of them on their right flank and the
gunboats on their left.
The enemy were
firing at us from three directions, and on
approaching Nahr Kellak bend I observed a large
body of enemy on the left bank at the head of the
loop in the river, and gave orders for all guns to
be fired on them.
They proved to be a
strong rearguard, and opened on us with field and
machine guns and heavy rifle fire. At this close
range there were casualties in all ships, who were
all hit many times, but our guns must have caused
immense damage to the enemy, as we were at one
time firing six-inch guns into them at about 400
to 500 yards.
Besides the Turkish
Artillery there were a large number of enemy with
rifles and machine guns behind the bend at a range
of about 100 yards from the ships.
In the act of
turning round the bend shot came from all
directions, and casualties of "Moth," which came
last in the line, were particularly severe.
casualties in all three ships, "Moth," which was
magnificently handled by Lieutenant Commander
Charles H. A. Cartwright, who was himself wounded,
had three officers wounded - all severely - out of
four, and two men killed and eighteen wounded,
which is about 50 per cent, of her complement.
She was hit eight
times by shell - one from ahead hit the fore side
of stokehold casing, burst, and pierced the port
boiler, both front and back, but luckily missed
the boiler tubes. The after compartment was holed
below the water line, and the upper deck and
funnels of all ships riddled with bullets.
and pilot in the conning tower of H.M.S. "Mantis"
were killed, but the prompt action of her Captain
saved her from running ashore. I consider that the
excellent spirit of the men and skilful handling
of the ships by their Captains in a difficult and
unknown shallow river were most praiseworthy.
11. We thus passed
the enemy rearguard, and large numbers of the
retreating Turkish Army were on our starboard
beam. I opened rapid fire from all guns that would
hear (this included heavy and light guns,
pom-poms, maxims, and rifles), and at this short
range we did enormous execution, the enemy being
too demoralised to reply, except in a very few
We were also able to
shoot down some of their gun teams, which they
deserted, and several guns thus fell into the
hands of our forces when going over this ground.
12. The vessels
ahead were now in easy range, and several small
craft stopped and surrendered, including the armed
tug "Sumana," which we had left at Kut during the
siege, and had been captured at the fall of that
About 5.20 p.m. the
large Turkish steamer "Basra" stopped and
surrendered when brought to by a shell from H.M.S.
"Tarantula,'' which had, I was afterwards
informed, killed and wounded some German machine
gunners. The "Firefly " kept up a heavy fire from
her 4-inch gun, but our reply began to tell on
her, and having been hit several times she ran
into the bank and fell into our hands about 6.15
p.m. in the north-west part of the Zaljah reach,
to westward of Umm al Tubul.
The "Pioneer" having
been badly hit by "Mantis," was in flames near
her, and some barges laden with munitions in the
The Turks had
endeavoured to set fire to the "Firefly's"
magazine, but we were able to put it out and took
possession of her at once, and I put a prize crew
on board and hoisted the White Ensign.
Darkness now came
on, and I considered it inadvisable to go on
further, as we were far ahead of our troops.
I placed Lieutenant
John P. Bradley, R.N.R. (of H.M.S. "Proserpine" (below
- Photo Ships) in temporary command of
H.M.S. "Firefly," with a small crew, and we moved
out of the way of the burning "Pioneer," anchored
for the night, and buried our men who had been
13. We remained in
the vicinity the following day, and I sent the
"Moth" back to Basra for repairs, and the prizes
down river The advance of our Army continued, and
we reached Aziziyah on 1st March. Here the Turks
had abandoned more guns and again retreated. I was
joined here by H.M.S. "Waterfly."
The pursuit was
continued on 5th March, and our cavalry again
engaged the enemy rearguard near Lajj, but we were
unable to distinguish anything owing to a dense
14. We arrived at
Ctesiphon on the 6th, finding the strong position
there deserted, and next day arrived in gun-range
of the enemy position on the north bank of the
Dialah River, which joins the Tigris on the left
bank about eight miles below Baghdad.
In attacking this
position we again came under heavy fire from the
Turkish guns, to which we briskly replied. During
the night of the 10th-11th the enemy evacuated the
position, as some of our troops had crossed the
Dialah, and others were carrying out a wide
flanking movement on the right bank to the
south-west and west of Baghdad.
An attempt had also
been made to send two motor lighters full of
troops to land them on the left bank above the
Dialah on the night of 10th March. One of them,
however, grounded in the shallow river in gun
range of the enemy. I sent H.M. Ships "Tarantula"
and "Snakefly" to assist, and "Tarantula" rendered
valuable assistance by extricating the motor
lighter from her dangerous position before
15. The Baghdad
railway was seized early on the 11th March.
I proceeded up river
with the gunboat flotilla, which included H.M.S.
"Firefly," Lieutenant-Commander C. J. F. Eddis in
command, during the day, with minesweepers ahead,
and arrived at the Citadel at Baghdad in H.M.S.
"Mantis" at 3.40 p.m., on Sunday, 11th March.
Paddle Steamer No. 53, having on board Sir F. S.
Maude and Staff, being in company with the
The pursuit of the
enemy was continued up river, and two iron barges
16. I have much
pleasure in bringing to your notice the excellent
behaviour and spirit of the Captains, Officers,
and men under my command during these operations,
which were, in my opinion, worthy of the great
traditions of His Majesty's Service.
In conclusion, I
desire to express how greatly the Naval Forces
serving in Mesopotamia have always been indebted
to the Military and Political services for
never-failing help and assistance on all
have the honour to be, Sir, Your obedient Servant,
and S.N.O., Mesopotamia.
have the honour to submit the following for
special mention, promotion, honours or awards:
Commander Henry G.
Sherbrooke, R.N. For skilful handling of his ship,
and especially on 26th February, when he
contributed largely to the success of the
Lieutenant J. P.
Bradley, R.N.R. For coolness under fire on all
occasions. Lieutenant Bradley did very good work
by personally taking the captured Turkish steamer
"Basra " down the river laden with enemy wounded.
Sub-Lieutenant G. A.
Feilman, R.N.V.R. For coolness and resource under
very heavy fire, in firing with machine guns on
the Turkish infantry and machine guns, when all
other men were employed in working the main
armament of 6-in., 12-pdr. and pompoms.
Surgeon J. C. Kelly,
R.N. Attended to wounded whilst fire was at its
hottest in an exposed position.
Buxton, R.N. For good work done on all occasions.
His prompt action under heavy fire on 26th March
saved H.M.S. "Mantis" from running aground in a
Surgeon James P.
Shorten, R.N. Continued to dress and attend to the
wounded in the open while under very heavy fire.
Sub-Lieutenant E. C.
W. Vane Tempest, R.N.V.R. Was in charge of the
gunnery of the ship, and while under hot fire he
did his duty with coolness. At one time he
personally worked a maxim though wounded.
Charles H. A. Cartwright, R.N. For excellent
handling of his ship and gallant conduct on all
occasions under fire, and particularly on 26th
February, 1917. I submit that this officer is
fully worthy of special promotion.
Surgeon Frederick G.
E. Hill, R.N. Who, finding a man wounded on the
battery deck, gallantly, under heavy fire, carried
him into the sick bay to dress his wounds. Whilst
doing this, the man received another wound through
his throat, and Surgeon Hill himself received a
nasty wound in his forearm. Nevertheless, although
in considerable pain, and until his arm became too
stiff to use it, he proceeded to dress and attend
to all the wounded on board.
Lieutenant John H.
A. Wood, M.C., R.N.V.R. Who was severely wounded
while firing a machine gun in a totally exposed
H.M.S. " Snakefly."
Lieutenant R. P. D.
Webster, R.N. Has shown judgment and resource on
many occasions under fire.
Lincoln, R.N.R. For good work while in command of
H.M. ships "Comet" and "Flycatcher," and he has
carried out the duty of forward observing Officer
under fire in a very satisfactory manner.
Commander Ernest K.
Arbuthnot, R.N. During the recent advance to
Baghdad I have found this officer's knowledge and
experience of great benefit, and he has shown
great coolness under fire on all occasions.
Robert G. Elwell, R.N. Has rendered valuable
service under fire on many occasions.
Lieutenant Cecil G.
Hallett, R.I.M. Has given me most valuable help
throughout the campaign, and has carried out the
gunnery duties for the Squadron. His experience,
particularly of spotting the enemy gun positions,
is of great value, and he has frequently done this
Petty Officer W. B. Ayre, O.N. 171045 (Ch.).
Engine Room Artificer H. Lovell, O.N. 268831
Seaman H. M. J. Thompson, O.N. 236295 (Ch.).
Seaman W. Stephenson, O.N. 234863 (Ch.).
Engine Boom Artificer, 2nd Class, Alexander Greig,
O.N. M. 17441 (Ch.).
Officer James Revell, O.N. 208740 (Ch.).
Officer William H. Saunders, O.N. J5200 (Ch.).
Petty Officer Edward S. Crossman, O.N. 287047
Telegraphist Sydney W. Boulter, J15349 (Ch.).
Chief Engine Room Artificer, 4th Class, William J.
Hollies, O.N. M. 12130 (Ch.).
Petty Officer George T. Hasler, O.N. K1366 (Ch.).
Charles Poulter, R.N.V.R., O.N. London Z/3247
Herbert W. Prior, O.N. J.32080 (Ch.).
Seaman Alfred E. Lucas, O.N. J.15975 (Ch.).
Seaman Percy W. Dean, R.F.R., Chatham B.3950 O.N.
John Farrell, R.N.R., O.N. S.8533.
Petty Officer John W. Mallinson, O.N. 303741
Telegraphist Martin L. Elliott, O.N. J.29215
H.M.S. " Gadfly.''
Officer, 1st Class, Ronald Godfrey Robinson, O.N.
Artificer, 2nd Class, Leonard Ernest Brown, O.N.
following are recommended for good services
at the base, which contributed largely to the
Cathcart B. Wason, C.M.O., R.N.
Surgeon Thomas W. Jeffery, R.N., H.M.S.
Surgeon George G. Vickery, R.N., H.M.S.
Lieutenant-Commander Stanley W. Cooke, lately of
Herbert G. Cavanagh, R.N, H.M.S. "Dalhousie."
A. H. B. Gray, R.I.M., H.M.S. "Dalhousie."
Gunner Patrick J. O'Connor, R.N., H.M.S.
William Brown, R.N., H.M.S. " Proserpine."
and S.N.O., Mesopotamia.
Click here for
Appointments and Awards to Officers and
mentioned in the foregoing despatches
- 21 DECEMBER 1917
NON-NAVAL, GALLANTRY AWARD
Whitehall, December 17, 1917.
KING has been pleased to award the Albert
Medal to Doreen Ashburnham, aged 11
years, and Anthony Farrer, aged 8 years,
residing at Cowichan Lake, Vancouver Island, in
recognition of the great bravery displayed by the
children in the following circumstances:
the 23rd September, 1916, the two children left
their homes at Cowichan Lake for the purpose of
catching their ponies and, when about half a mile
from home, they were attacked by a cougar. They
were almost upon the animal before they saw it
crouching in a path at a corner. The little girl
was first attacked; the cougar sprang upon her,
and she was knocked down with her face to the
ground, the animal being on her back. The boy at
once attacked the cougar with his fists and riding
bridle, and drove the animal off the girl; it then
attacked him, and his companion, getting to her
feet, came to his rescue, fighting with her
clenched hands and bridle, and even putting her
arm into the cougar's mouth, to try to prevent it
from biting Anthony. She succeeded in getting it
off the boy, and it stood on its hindquarters and
fought with her, but evidently it was disturbed by
some sound, for presently it slunk away and ran
under a log, where it was afterwards killed. The
children, though both badly injured, were able to
make their way home. The cougar measured over 7
feet from nose to tip of tail.
RAID - HONOURS
Southern North Sea and
despatch has been received from Vice-Admiral Sir
Roger J. B. Keyes, K.C.B., C.M.G., C.V.O., D.S.O.,
Commanding the Dover Patrol:
With reference to my
despatch No. 2305/003 of 15th June, 1918 (not
published), I have the honour to bring to the
notice of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty
the names of the following Officers and Men who
performed distinguished service in the second
blocking operation against Ostend on the night of
9th/10th May, 1918
photographs taken prior to the operation clearly
showed that the enemy had made special
preparations in anticipation of a renewed attack.
3. The operation was
carried out in mined waters in the face of a
tremendous fire, and the greatest credit is due to
those who so readily volunteered for hazardous
service in the "Vindictive" and in motor launches
detailed for rescue work, and to the crews of the
numerous craft which covered and screened the
approach of the "Vindictive," led her to her
objective, and rescued the survivors of her crew
after she had been blown up between the piers of
Officers, Petty Officers and Men performed specially
distinguished service in action on the night of
Capt. Hubert Lynes,
C.B., C.M.G., R.N. (Cdre., 2nd Cl.). Commodore
Lynes at Dunkirk
having so ably carried out the direction of the
former attempt to block Ostend
as part of the Zeebrugge and
scheme on the night of 22nd/23rd April, I
entrusted the conduct of the operation again to
him. He directed it in a most able manner,
proceeding himself in H.M.S. "Faulknor," and
supporting the "Vindictive" from an inshore
Cdr. Alfred E.
Godsal, D.S.O., R.N. This officer led the previous
attempt to block Ostend
in the "Brilliant" (below, as original cruiser
- CyberHeritage) and on his return at once
begged to be allowed to try again. On being
appointed to the "Vindictive" he worked with the
greatest energy to get her ready for further
service at the earliest possible moment. On the
night of 9th/10th May, having placed his vessel
between the piers of Ostend
harbour, he left the shelter of the conning tower
for the forecastle in order to get a better view
for manoeuvring her into the required position. He
was almost immediately killed, and the Service
lost in him a very gallant and valuable officer.
Lieut. Angus H.
Maclachlan, R.N. Lieutenant MacLachlan was in the
"Brilliant" in the previous attempt to block
and at once volunteered for the second operation.
This gallant young officer was in charge of the "Vindictive's
" after control on the night of the
9th/10th May, and was killed at his post.
Lieut. Geoffrey H.
Drummond, R.N.V.R. Volunteered for rescue work in
command of M.L. 254. Following
"Vindictive" to Ostend,
when off the piers a shell burst on board,
killing Lieutenant Gordon Ross and Deckhand J.
Thomas, wounding the coxswain, and also severely
wounding Lieutenant Drummond in three places.
Notwithstanding his wounds he remained on the
bridge, navigated his vessel, which was already
seriously damaged by shell fire, into
harbour, placed her alongside "Vindictive," and
took off two officers and thirty-eight men - some
of whom were killed and many wounded while
embarking. When informed that there was no one
alive left on board he backed his vessel out clear
of the piers before sinking exhausted from his
wounds. When H.M.S. "Warwick"
fell in with M.L. 254 off Ostend
half an hour later the latter was in a sinking
condition. It was due to the indomitable courage
of this very gallant officer that the majority of
the crew of the "Vindictive" were rescued.
Roland Bourke, D.S.O., R.N.V.R. (right,
Canadian RNVR - Andy Hunter).
Volunteered for rescue work in command of M.L.
276, and followed "Vindictive" into
engaging the enemy's machine guns on both piers
with Lewis guns. After M.L. 254 had backed out
Lieutenant Bourke laid his vessel alongside
"Vindictive" to make further search. Finding no
one he withdrew, but hearing cries in the water he
again entered the harbour, and after a prolonged
search eventually found Lieutenant Sir John
Alleyne and two ratings, all badly wounded, in the
water, clinging to an upended skiff, and rescued
them. During all this time the motor launch was
under a very heavy fire at close range, being hit
in fifty-five places, once by a 6 in. shell - two
of her small crew being killed and others wounded.
The vessel was seriously damaged and speed greatly
reduced . Lieutenant
Bourke, however, managed to bring her out and
carry on until he fell in with a Monitor, which
took him in tow. This episode displayed daring and
skill of a very high order, and Lieutenant
Bourke's bravery and perseverance undoubtedly
saved the lives of Lieutenant Alleyne and two of
Lieut. Victor A. C.
Crutchley, D.S.C., R.N. This officer was in
"Brilliant" in the unsuccessful attempt to block
on the night of 22nd/23rd April, and at once
volunteered for a further effort. He acted as 1st
Lieut. of "Vindictive" (below, as a cruiser
- Photo Ships), and worked with
untiring energy fitting out that ship for further
service. On the night of 9th/10th May, after his
commanding officer had been killed and the second
in command severely wounded, Lieut. Crutchley took
command of "Vindictive" and did his utmost by
manoeuvring the engines to place that ship in an
effective position. He displayed great bravery
both in the "Vindictive" and in M.L. 254, which
rescued the crew after the charges had been blown
and the former vessel sunk between the piers of
harbour, and did not himself leave the
"Vindictive" until he had made a thorough search
with an electric torch for survivors under a very
heavy fire. Lieut. Crutchley took command of M.L.
254 when the commanding officer sank exhausted
from his wounds, the second in command having been
killed. The vessel was full of wounded and very
seriously damaged by shell fire, the fore part
being flooded. With indomitable energy and by dint
of baling with buckets and shifting weight aft,
Lieut. Crutchley and the unwounded kept her
afloat, but the leaks could not be kept under, and
she was in a sinking condition, with her
forecastle nearly awash when picked up by H.M.S. "Warwick."
The bearing of this very gallant officer and fine
seaman throughout these operations off the Belgian
coast was altogether admirable and an inspiring
example to all thrown in contact with him.
Lieut. Sir John M.
Alleyne, Bart., D.S.C., R.N. Volunteered from a
Monitor of the Dover Patrol for service in the
"Vindictive." He rendered valuable service in
refitting navigational arrangements which were
destroyed in "Vindictive" on 23rd April, and on
the actual night of the operation was invaluable
on account of his local knowledge. He showed great
coolness under a very heavy fire, and most
skilfully navigated the "Vindictive" to the
entrance to Ostend
harbour. He was severely wounded and rendered
unconscious when his Captain was killed.
Cdr. William A. Bury, R.N. This gallant officer
greatly distinguished himself in "Vindictive" on
23rd April, and as soon as he knew another
operation was contemplated, volunteered, begging
to be allowed to remain in charge of the engine
room department of that vessel. He worked most
energetically to fit her out for further service,
and on the night of 9th/10th May he again rendered
invaluable service, setting a fine example to his
men. He remained in the engine room until the last
possible moment, and when everyone was clear he
blew the bottom out of the ship by firing the main
and auxiliary after charges. He was very severely
Cdr. (act. Capt.)
Benn, D.S.O., M.P., R.N.V.R. This officer led the
motor launches in M.L.105 with conspicuous ability
and success. This is the third occasion Capt. Benn
has led the inshore motor launch division off
under a very heavy fire. Capt. Benn has set a very
fine example of bravery and devotion to duty to
the officers and men of the motor launches of the
Dover Patrol, which he has commanded for nearly
three years, and has thus contributed greatly to
the success which has attended the gallant efforts
of these small craft in carrying out the dangerous
duties assigned to them during these operations
off the Belgian coast.
Cdr. Reginald St. P.
Parry, R.N. Commander Parry commanded a Destroyer,
and handled his vessel with skill and decision,
performing a most valuable service under difficult
Capt. Ernest Wigram,
D.S.O., R.N. This officer was in command of H.M.
Monitor "Prince Eugene." He led his division well
inside the allotted range in order to bring the
secondary armament of the vessel into action. This
brought the ships under a heavy fire from the
shore batteries, and undoubtedly contributed
considerably to the success of the operations.
Lieut. Arthur E. P.
Welman, D.S.O., D.S.C., R.N. The part played by
the Coastal Motor Boats (below,
believed to be HM CMB.33A lost in the first
attempted raid on 12 April. Civilians on board
suggest she is on acceptance trials - Photo
during the operation was all-important. Lieut.
Welman organised and led them in a coastal motor
boat in a most spirited manner. He encountered an
enemy torpedo boat near the entrance to
which switched on searchlights and opened fire. He
at once closed with her, and engaged her with
Lewis guns to such good effect that she withdrew
and left the channel clear for the approach of the
Lieut.-Cdr.) Keith R. Hoare, D.S.O., D.S.C., A.M.,
R.N.V.R. Volunteered for rescue work at
in command of M.L.283. He was ordered to follow
astern and assist two other motor launches which
were detailed for rescue work. He remained at the
Stroom Bank Buoy position until "Vindictive" had
passed and then followed her, patrolling east and
west within a quarter of a mile of the shore under
heavy pom-pom and machine-gun fire, searching for
survivors until 3.20 a.m., when all hope of
finding anyone had passed.
Cdr. William W.
Watson, R.N.V.R. Was in command of M.L. 105, and
was of the greatest assistance to Capt. Benn in
arranging and supervising the smoke screen. This
involved going from end to end of the line and
taking his vessel close inshore several times,
when he came under heavy barrage fire. He showed
great courage and coolness throughout the
Raphael Saunders, R.N.V.R.
This officer volunteered for rescue work at
in command of M.L. 128. In company with M.L. 283
he went in after "Vindictive "
to look for survivors. When near the shore he came
under heavy fire - his signalman was killed and
Lieut Brayfield and one of the crew wounded. This
officer showed great coolness, setting a fine
example to his men throughout, and was of the
greatest assistance in organising the smoke
Lieut. Russell H.
McBean, R.N. In command of a coastal motor boat.
He escorted "Vindictive" close up to the entrance
covering her with smokescreen and then assisting
her with guiding lights. He torpedoed the eastern
and western piers, and finally engaged the machine
guns there with his own machine guns at pointblank
range with apparently good effect. He most
skilfully handled his vessel under a. heavy fire
until he was wounded.
George R. Shaw, R.N.R.
Second in command of a coastal motor boat which
escorted ''Vindictive'' with smoke screen close up
to the entrance of Ostend
Harbour, assisting her with guiding lights. His vessel then torpedoed the
eastern and western piers, and finally engaged the
machine guns at point-blank range. During this
engagement the commanding officer was wounded and
the chief motor mechanic killed. Having seen
"Vindictive" inside the piers, and the work of his
vessel completed, Sub-Lieut. Shaw brought her
safely back to harbour.
Lieut. William H.
Bremner, R.N. Was in command of a coastal motor
boat. When carrying out his smoke screening of the
enemy shore batteries, he encountered close
inshore an enemy torpedo boat, which switched on
her searchlight and opened fire. Lieut. Bremner
had no better weapons than Lewis guns, but with
these he attacked and peppered the torpedo boat to
such good effect as to drive her away from the
harbour entrance and prevent her interfering with
the blocking operation.
Lieut. The Hon.
Cecil E. R. Spencer, D.S.C., R.N. This officer was
in command of a coastal motor boat and escorted
"Vindictive" close inshore and kept touch with her
until she gave the "last resort" signal, on which
he laid and lit the flare, which greatly assisted,
the operation, drawing heavy fire previously
directed at the "Vindictive" on to himself.
Procter, R.N.V.R. This officer was in charge of a
section of motor launches screening Monitors
during the bombardment of the
shore batteries. He exhibited conspicuous ability
and initiative under heavy fire, and materially
contributed to the success of the operation.
Dayrell-Reed, D.S.O., R.N.R. Was in command of a
coastal motor boat, and carried out a successful
attack on the pier ends, afterwards laying and
maintaining good smoke screens close inshore
throughout the remainder of the operation under a
Lieut.-Cdr. Jean S.
Miéville, R.N.V.R. Was in command of M.L.280 and
leader of a smoke-screen unit. He led his unit
with skill and judgment in a very exposed
position, and it was largely due to him that the
screen was so extremely successful in his section.
Petrie, R.N.V.R. This officer volunteered for
rescue work in M.L.276. When the coxswain was
killed near the Ostend
piers, he jumped to the wheel and steered the
launch into the harbour. When fired on by machine
guns from the piers, he manned the Lewis gun and
returned the fire on both pier-heads. Later, when
three wounded men were discovered in the water, he
personally assisted them into the launch, being
exposed all the time to heavy fire.
Lieut. Cuthbert F.
B. Bowlby, D.S.C., R.N. In command of a coastal
motor boat, and escorted ''Vindictive'' close up
to the entrance, then ran ahead, and finding one
of the piers, fired a torpedo at it. The water
being shallow and the range short, the explosion
shook the boat so severely as to damage her
engines and open her seams. She commenced to sink,
but by his presence of mind he got the leak
stopped, engines going again, and brought his boat
out of the fire zone, where he was taken in tow by
Lieut. Albert L.
Poland, R.N. In command of a coastal motor boat,
and carried out a successful torpedo attack on the
pier ends, afterwards laying and maintaining good
smoke screens close inshore throughout the
remainder of the operation under a heavy fire.
Lieut. Anthony C.
Mackie, R.N.V.R. This officer was of great
assistance in command of M.L.279 (below,
sister-boat ML.319 -
He pluckily carried on his smoke-screen work under
fire for one and a half hours after breaking the
starboard shaft, retiring with the rest of the
flotilla, when operations were completed, under
Arthur G. Watts,
This officer was in command of M.L.239 and leader
of a smoke screen unit. He led his unit with skill
and judgment in a very exposed position, and it
was largely due to him that the screen was so
extremely successful in his section.
Lieut. Felix F.
Brayfield, R.N.V.R. This officer volunteered for
rescue work as second in command of M.L. 128. M.L.
128, in company with M.L. 283, went in after
"Vindictive" to look for survivors. When near the
shore she came under heavy fire, the signalman was
killed and Lieut. Brayfield and one of the crew
wounded. Lieut. Brayfield showed great devotion to
duty, remaining on the bridge and carrying on with
his duties until the operation was over, though
wounded in the leg.
Lieut. Allan L.
Geddes, R.N.V.R. This officer was in command of
M.L. 553 and leader of an inshore smoke screen
unit. He led his unit with skill and judgment
under fire, and it was largely due to him that the
smoke screen was so extremely successful in his
Lieut. Gordon F.
Ross, R.N.V.R. (Killed in action.) Volunteered for
rescue work in M.L. 254 - killed in the entrance
Joseph James Reed, D.S.M., O.N. 230360 (Ch.).
This Petty Officer was in "Brilliant" in the
previous attempt to block Ostend.
He immediately volunteered to accompany his
officers in a second operation. On the night of
9th/10th May he steered the "Vindictive" into
Ostend harbour and, when the charges were fired
and the ship abandoned, he picked up Lieut. Sir
John Alleyne, who was lying unconscious in the
conning tower, carried him to the gangway, and
lowered him over the side. This very gallant Petty
Officer then assisted others to escape, and on
board M.L. 254 was of the greatest assistance in
keeping that vessel afloat until she was picked
Ldg. Dkhnd. David
George Reee, R.N.R., O.N. 3146 S.D. For his
conspicuous gallantry as coxswain, of M.L. 254,
remaining at the wheel after being wounded. He
assisted Lieut.-Cdr. Drummond - also seriously
wounded - to put the motor-launch alongside
''Vindictive" in Ostend harbour and carried on
until he was relieved by one of the rescued crew.
Engine-room Artificers distinguished themselves in
the "Vindictive" during the attack on Zeebrugge
Mole on 23rd April. They immediately volunteered
for further service in "Vindictive," and behaved
with conspicuous bravery in that ship on the night
of 9th/10th May:
E.R.A., 3rd Cl.,
Herbert Cavanagh, D.S.M., O.N. M.1111 (Po.).
Act. E.R.A., 4th
Cl., Herbert Alfred Harris, D.S.M., O.N. M.6218 (Po.).
E.R.A., 4th Cl.,
Norman Carroll, D.S M., O.N. M.17679 (Ch.).
4th Cl., Alan Thomas, D.S.M., O.N. M. 16493
(Dev.) (Prisoner of war.)
volunteered for a very hazardous service and
distinguished themselves in the "Vindictive" on
the night of 9th/10th May. Lieut. Crutchley
reports: "I find it impossible to select any other
names, as all behaved, equally well."
David Heale, O.N. 233488 (Po.).
Albert Westly Ling, O.N.
Ernest Edward Robertson, O.N. J.2307 (Ch.).
Henry Frederick George Wilson, O.N. J.23754 (Ch.).
Frank John Bore, O.N. J.24770 (Ch.).
John Chambers, O.N. 225973 (Ch.).
Victor Vernon Surridge, O.N. 235405 (Ch.).
3rd Cl., Francis Joseph Pickerell, O.N. M.3343 (Ch.).
P.O. Samuel John Jordan, O.N. 310625 (Dev.).
P.O. James Percy
O.N. 307026 (Ch.).
Sto. Bernard Whirledge Lowe,
O.N. S.S. 111939 (Po.).
Sto. Albert Edward Saunders, O.N. K.15952 (Ch.).
1st Cl., John Edward Taylor, O.N. K.34589 (Ch.).
1st Cl., Frederick Gilroy, O.N. S.S. 117139 (Ch.).
2nd Cl., George William Kenneth Elliott, O.N.
1st Cl., William Carter, O.N. 292476 (R.F.R,
1st Cl., William Joslin, O.N. K.15132 (Ch.).
1st Cl., John Henry Statton, O.N. K.24312 (Dev.).
2nd Cl., Frederick Charles Russell, O.N. K.47238 (Ch.).
2nd Cl., Patrick O'Reilly, O.N. K 44713 (Ch.).
P.O. Charles McDonald, O.N.
P.O. George Herbert Fryer, O.N. K 5979 (Po.).
Henry William Martin, O.N. 183313 (Ch.).
P.O. James Relf, O.N. 302366 (Ch.).
Sto. Henry William Kemp, O.N.
Pearce, O.N. K 18074 (Dev.).
William John Morling, O.N. J 625 (Ch.).
(Killed in action.)
Sto. Thomas Everitt Chitty,
O.N., K 8585 (Po.).
Ernest Garbutt, O.N. 238297 (Ch.).
Sto. John Willie Nicholas Akid, O.N. K.5345 (Po.).
1st Cl., Roger Bailey, O.N. 111004 (Po.).
1st Cl., Samuel McCracken, O.N. K.7432 (Ch.).
1st Cl., James Norris, O.N. S.S. 105228 (Ch.).
1st Cl., William Thomas Wood, O.N. K.22062 (Ch.).
George Harold Linegar, R.N.V.R., O.N., Tyneside,
1st Cl., Philippe Smithers, O.N. S.S. 117330 (Ch.).
(Prisoner of war.)
1st Cl., George Cross, O.N. K.37963 (Ch.).
1st Cl., William John Johnson, O.N. S.S. 116938 (Ch.).
1st Cl., Edward Largey, O.N. K.26917 (Ch.).
1st Cl., Charles James Fisher, O.N. K.30188 (Ch.).
Frank Thomas Wilson, O.N., J 10611 (Ch.).
(Killed in action.)
1st Cl., Frank Neville, O.N. K.13235 (Po.).
1st Cl., Michael Henry, O.N. 307662 (Dev.).
1st Cl., Harold Parr, O.N. 108301 (R.F.R.,
1st Cl., George Frater, O.N. M 8037 (Dev.).
John Pelham, O.N. 307635 (Ch.).
1st Cl. Charles Potter, O.N. 188035 (Ch.).
1st Cl., Robert Charles Jeffreys, O.N. 206540 (Ch.).
Sigs. Thomas Pinches, O.N. 218985 (Dev.).
Yeo. Sigs. Daniel Paul Foley,
D.S.M., O.N. 191303 (Ch.).
volunteered for dangerous rescue work. It
was largely due to the magnificent manner in which
the men of these vessels carried out their duties
that so many of the officers and men of the
"Vindictive" were rescued:
Mech., 1st Cl., Douglas Gordon Smith, R.N.A.S.,
Motor Mech. Archibald Murray Macfarlane, R.N.V.R.,
O.N. M.B. 549 (M.L.254).
Motor Mech. Edgar Frank Chivers, R.N.V.R., O.N.
M.B. 1919 (M.L.276).
Motor Mech. Fred Clark Talbot, R.N.V.R., O.N. M.B.
Motor Mech. Hugh McMillan, R.N.V.R., O.N. M.B. 834
Dkhnd. John Maclean, R.N.R., O.N. 267 S.D.
Clive Ingold Gillett, R.N.R., O.N. 14166 D.A.
(M.L. 128) (killed in action).
Dkhnd. Joseph Hamshaw, R.N.R., O.N. 5006 S.D.
(M.L, 276) (killed in action).
Hugh Sutherland, R.N.R., O.N. 4282 S.D. (M.L.
Charles Edward Surtees, R.N.R., O.N. 19054 D.A.
William George Clark. R.N.R., O.N. 2966 S.D. (M.L.
William Hutchinson, R.N.R., O.N. 14172 D.A. (M.L.
276) (killed in action).
Motor Mech. George Kerr, R.N.V.R., O.N. M.B. 1747
Motor Mech. George Jones, R.N.V.R., O.N. M.B. 1131
John Owen Thomas, R.N.R., O.N. 19056 D.A. (M.L.
254) (killed in action).
displayed courage and coolness under fire on the
nights of 11th/12th April, 22nd/23rd April, and
9th/10th May. These men carried out their duties
with great steadiness, and materially contributed
to the success of the operations:
Dkhnd. Walter George Farthing, R.N.R., O.N. 2825
S.D. (M.L. 105).
Dkhnd. George Turner, R.N.R., O.N. 621 S.D. (M.L.
Motor Mech. Robert Rae, R.N.V.R., O.N. M.B. 676
Dkhnd. George McGee, R.N.R., O.N. 4177 S.D. (M.L.
In Coastal Motor
Motor Mech. Eric William McCracken, R.N.V.R., O.N.
Motor Mech. Leslie Roy McGinley, R.N.V.R., O.N.
Mech. Arthur John Davis, R.N.V.R., O.N. M.B. 2356.
Motor Mech. Ernest Seymour Mountain, R.N.V.R.,
O.N. M.B. 1217.
Motor Mech. Leonard Ernest McQueen, R.N.V.R., O.N.
Officers, Petty Officers and men also rendered
valuable services in action and off the enemy
Wilfred Tomkinson, C.B., R.N. In command of the
Frederick E. K. Strong, D.S.O., R.N. In command of
Victor L. A. Campbell, D.S.O., R.N. In command of
Patrick E. Parker, R.N. Engaged Ostend batteries
at close range with "Prince Eugene."
James L. C. Clark, D.S.O., R.N. (Staff of
Francis H. Sandford, D.S.O., R.N.
In Command of
Cdr. Henry G. L.
Oliphant, M.V.O., D.S.O., R.N. (Senior
officer of off-shore force - flying broad pennant
of Commodore Lynes).
Bertram H. Ramsay, R.N.
Astley D. C. Cooper-Key, D.S.O., R.N.
Hubert S. Braddyll, R.N.
William H. Sandford, R.N.
Guy L. Warren, R.N.
John R. Johnston, R.N.
Christopher H. Ringrose. R.N.
Richard H. Caldwell, R.N.
Frederick H. G. Trumble (killed in action).
Lieut.-Cdr. Robin Rampling, R.N.
William L. Jackson, R.N.
Frank Afton MacCallum, R.N.V.R. (M.L. 292).
John Gordon, R.N.V.R. (M.L. 397).
Arthur G. Bagot, D.S.C., A.M., R.N.V.R. (M.L.
Cyril W. Scott, R.N.V.R. (M.L. 562).
Harold L. Proctor, R.N.V.R. (M.L. 283).
rendered good service in attending wounded and
during the transportation of wounded at sea:
Chap. Rev. Francis M. Jackson, R.N.
Stanley S. Beare, R.N.
Roger Buddie, M.B., R.N.
Bernard S. Ceilings, R.N.
(act.) Herbert G. A. Woolley, R.N.
James William Burns, R.N.V.R.,
O.N. TyneCOLLARside, Z/11423.
Res. Attendant Hugh Hill, O.N. M9188 (Ch.).
Res. Attendant Alexander Roscoe, O.N. M16198(Ch.).
above (sic) rendered good service in
attending wounded and during the transportation of
Albert Edward Wood, O.N. S.S. 6220 (Ch.).
Henry George Jarvest, R.N.R., O.N. 14410 D.A.
Mech. William Henry Grice, R.N.A.S., O.N. F12790
Motor Mech. William Patrick Yates, R.N.V.R., O.N.
M.B. 814 (M.L. 128).
Norman William Vigar, R.N.R., O.N. 13322 D.A.
George Henry Hancock, R.N.R., O.N. 3129 S.D. (M.L.
Angus Morrison, R.N.R., O.N. 3363 S.D. (M.L. 128).
Percy Humphreys, R.N.R., O.N. 18508 D.A. (M.L.
Motor Mech. Herbert George Underwood, R.N.V.R.,
O.N. M.B. 746 (M.L. 105).
Robert Gardner, R.N.R., O.N. 13732 D.A. (M.L.
1st Cl., Laurence Henry Sensicle, R.N.A.S., O.N.
F13014 (M.L. 105).
In Coastal Motor
Motor Mech. Albert William Saunders, D.S.M.,
R.N.V.R., O.N., M.B. 1490.
Motor Mech. Edward Gordon Windley, D.S.M.,
R.N.V.R., O.N., M.B. 1457.
The co-operation of
the Air Force under Brigadier-General Charles L.
Lambe, C.M.G., D.S.O., R.A.F., was of great value
during the operation. In spite of the fog, the
Squadron under the command of Squadron-Commander
Herbert G. Brackley, D.S.O., D.S.C., continued to
attack in accordance with programme until after
the completion of the operation.
In conclusion, I
desire to place on record my indebtedness to
Vice-Admiral Pierre Alexis Marie Ampoine Ronarc'h,
K.C.B., C.M.G. Commandant Superieur de la Marine
dans la Zone des Armees du Nord, Dunkerque, for
the valuable assistance afforded by the French
Navy on the nights of 22nd/23rd April and 9th/10th
May, and also in several preparatory operations.
placed at my disposal all the available vessels
under his command and assisted me in every
possible way, as did Capitaine de vaisseau Bréart
de Boisanger, D.S.O., Chef de Division des
Flotilles de la Mer du Nord.
following Officers distinguished themselves in
action in the operations against
de Corvette Louis Vennin, T.B.D. "Lestin."
de Corvette Maurice Mottez, T.B.D. "L'Enseigne
de Vaisseau Alfred Richard, T.B.D. "Bouclier."
Maître Patron Pilote Baylet, T.B. No. 320.
Maître Patron Pilote Mozach, T.B. No. 318.
Maître Patron Pilote Rabaste, T.B. No. 341.
Maître Delporte, Vedette No. 34.
have the honour to be, Sir, Your obedient
Keyes, Vice-Admiral, Dover
the Secretary of the Admiralty.
Click here for
Appointments and Awards to Officers and Ratings
mentioned in the foregoing despatches
- 10 DECEMBER 1918
Admiralty, 12th (sic) December, 1918.
Honours for Services
in White Sea Operations, 1918.
at the sea end of the channels leading to
Archangel, was captured on 1st August, 1918, after
the batteries had been silenced by the Allied
warships, and the town of Archangel was occupied
on the 2nd August, the Bolshevik Forces being
quickly and efficiently overcome and driven out of
operations, a River Expeditionary Force was
organised with local craft, armed and manned by
Allied crews, and this expedition succeeded, in
co-operation with the military forces, in clearing
the River Dwina and the River Vaga of hostile
craft up to the time when Allied ships had to be
withdrawn to avoid the ice, several of the
principal enemy vessels being destroyed.
by honours, decorations and medals)