Background Events - June-November 1941
Russia, Malta Convoys, Japan prepares for war
Friday, 15 August
Battlecruiser REPULSE departed Rosyth at 0720
escorted by destroyers IMPULSIVE, ECLIPSE, and ACTIVE, and arrived at Scapa Flow at 1900.
Heavy cruiser DORSETSHIRE departed Scapa Flow for the
Clyde for escort
duty with convoy WS.10X, and arrived on the 16th.
Convoy ON.7 departed Liverpool. The convoy was joined on the 16th by destroyers
AMAZON, BULLDOG, BURZA, and GEORGETOWN, corvettes AUBRETIA, HEARTSEASE, NIGELLA,
minesweeper BRITOMART, and anti-submarine trawlers ANGLE, CAPE
WARWICK, DANEMAN, and NOTTS
COUNTY. Destroyers AMAZON and BURZA were detached on the 18th. The remainder
of the escort was detached on the 21st when the convoy was joined by
destroyer CHURCHILL and corvettes ARROWHEAD, CAMELLIA, and EYEBRIGHT. The
destroyer was detached on the 23rd and the corvettes on the 25th when the
convoy was dispersed.
German steamer MEMELLAND (542grt) was lost on a
mine south of Helsinki.
Italian steamer ADUA (400grt) was sunk by British
bombing in the Gulf of Sirte in 31-31N, 15-42E.
German steamer NORDENEY (3667grt) scuttled herself
when she was intercepted by light cruiser DESPATCH and armed merchant cruiser
PRETORIA CASTLE northeast of the Amazon Estuary.
Battleship BARHAM arrived at Suez after repairs of Crete battle damages in Durban.
The battleship departed Port Said that evening escorted by anti-aircraft ship COVENTRY and destroyers JACKAL, NIZAM, KIPLING, and KINGSTON. Troopship GLENGYLE was in company.
The ships arrived at Alexandria on the 16th.
Australian light cruiser HOBART, minelaying cruiser
ABDIEL, and destroyers DECOY and HAVOCK departed Port Said for Famagusta with troops in Seruak S.21 of the GUILLOTINE
Australian sloop PARRAMATTA was at Famagusta to provide anti-submarine protection.
After departing Port Said on 13 July, Corvette PEONY arrived at Famagusta with motor transport ship GUJARAT of Serial S.19
and then departed for Beirut.
The HOBART group disembarked their troops at Famagusta during the night of 15/16 August. Minelaying
cruiser ABDIEL departed for Alexandria; the remainder of the group proceeded to Haifa.
Sloop PARRAMATTA departed Famagusta on the 16th for Port Said, where she arrived on the 17th.
Destroyers KANDAHAR and KIMBERLEY landed stores at Tobruk during the night of 14/15
August and returned to Alexandria.
Destroyers HASTY and JAGUAR departed Alexandria with stores for Tobruk.
The destroyers returned to Alexandria on the 16th.
Submarine THRASHER unsuccessfully attacked German
steamer ANKARA, escorted by torpedo boat SIRIO, in Mandri
Dutch submarine O.24 arrived at Gibraltar after patrol in the Gulf of
Genoa and Tyrrhenian Sea.
Submarine OSIRIS arrived at Malta from Alexandria, having departed on the 7th, to discharge petrol,
stores, mail, and passengers.
Convoy SL.84 departed Freetown escorted by destroyer BRILLIANT, corvettes
AMARANTHUS, ARMERIA, MIGNONETTE, and WOODRUFF, and anti-submarine trawlers
SARABANDE and ST.WISTAN to 19 August.
On the 18th, sloops FOLKESTONE and LONDONDERRY joined the convoy to 8 September. Sloop WESTON
joined on the 20th to 8 September.
Destroyer ST.ALBANS joined on 2 September to 8
September. Catapult ship SPRINGBANK and destroyers CAMPBELTOWN, WANDERER, and
WESTCOTT joined on 3 September to 8 September.
The convoy arrived at Liverpool on 8 September.
American aircraft carrier YORKTOWN, light cruiser BROOKLYN, and destroyers GRAYSON and EBERLE departed Bermuda on neutrality patrol. The patrol concluded on the 27th when they
arrived back at Bermuda.
Saturday, 16 August
Light cruiser ARETHUSA departed the Clyde for Scapa Flow, arriving on the 17th.
Destroyer LIVELY departed Scapa Flow at 1845 for Scrabster. The destroyer embarked the
Senior Officer of Force A, Rear Admiral P. L. Vian DSO, and returned to Scapa Flow, arriving at 2100.
Destroyer VIVACIOUS departed the Humber at 1800 for Scapa
Flow to work up. En
route, the destroyer developed engine defects and put into Rosyth for
Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Scapa Flow at 1430 and escorted convoy WN.67 from the Pentland Firth to Methil, where they arrived at 1930/17th.
The ship proceeded to Rosyth to clean boilers.
Convoy WS.10X departed Liverpool on the 15th and the Clyde on the 16th. On the 16th, the two sections rendezvoused.
The convoy was composed of liners STRATHNAVER,
PALMA, STRATHMORE, BRISBANE STAR, ORION, and PORT JACKSON.
The convoy was escorted by light cruiser HEEMSKERK
and destroyers WHITEHALL and WITCH from 15 to 19 August.
Destroyers GURKHA, LANCE, PIORUN, and ISAAC SWEERS
escorted the convoy from 17 to 19 August.
Heavy cruiser DORSETSHIRE escorted the convoy from
17 to 28 August, when the convoy arrived at Freetown.
Destroyers BRILLIANT and WRESTLER and corvettes
CROCUS and CLEMATIS escorted the convoy from 26 to 28 August.
Destroyer VELOX escorted the convoy on 26 and 27
The convoy arrived at Freetown on the 28th and sailed on 1 September.
The convoy was escorted by battleship REVENGE from
1 to 11 September, when the convoy arrived at Capetown.
Corvette AMARANTHUS escorted the convoy on 1 and 2
Corvettes WOODRUFF, MIGNONETTE, and ARMERIA from 1
to 3 September.
Battleship REVENGE was in a collision with liner
ORION on 2 September and sustained slight damage to her bulges.
The convoy arrived at Capetown on 11 September and
sailed on 14 September.
The convoy was escorted by battleship REVENGE until
23 September when light cruiser CERES took over the convoy. Light cruiser
CERES remained with the convoy until 27 September when the convoy arrived at
Aden. The liners proceeded independently to Suez.
Convoy ON.8 departed Liverpool escorted by corvettes ABELIA and ANEMONE. The
convoy was joined on the 17th by corvette VERONICA and anti-submarine
trawlers ST.ELSTAN and ST.ZENO. On the 18th, destroyers DOUGLAS, LEMAINGTON,
SALADIN, and VETERAN, minesweepers LEDA and SPEEDY, and anti-submarine
trawlers ST.KENAN and VIZALMA joined. These were all detached on the 21st
when relieved by destroyer BURNHAM, armed merchant cruiser WOLFE, and
corvettes AGASSIZ, LEVIS, and MAYFLOWER. The convoy was dispersed on the
Submarine TRIDENT departed Murmansk on patrol.
On the 19th, the submarine damaged German steamer
LEVANTE (4769grt) by gunfire in 71-01N, 24-34E.
On the 22nd, the submarine sank German steamer
OSTPREUSSEN (3030grt) in 70-12N, 21-05W.
On the 30th, submarine TRIDENT sank German steamers
DONAU (2931grt) and BAHIA LAURA (8561grt) off the Lofotens in 70-27N, 21-55E,
from a convoy of German DONAU and BAHIA LAURA, French CORNOUAILLE (3290grt),
and Norwegian AUGUST BOLTEN (3665grt), escorted by destroyers LODY and
GALSTER, submarine chaser UJ.178, and auxiliary submarine chasers Vp.6113 and
Vp.6111, joined by UJ.176 and UJ.177 off Nordkinn.
The survivors from the two ships were rescued by
destroyer GALSTER (490 men), destroyer LODY (38 men), Vp.6111 (178 men),
Vp.6113 (360 men), Norwegian steamer MITTNATTSOL (200 men), and R.153 twenty
On the 31st, Russian submarine SC.402
unsuccessfully attacked this convoy in Kjoellefjord.
Tug NESS POINT was damaged by a near miss of German
bombing at Lowestoft, sank, but was raised on the 23rd and repaired.
Sloop FLAMINGO departed Port Said escorting a motor transport ship SALAMAUA to Famagusta in Serial S.22 of the GUILLOTINE operation.
The sloop arrived at Famagusta on the 18th and returned to Port Said.
Destroyers KANDAHAR and KIMBERLEY carried supplies to Tobruk.
The destroyers arrived back at Alexandria on the 17th.
TORBAY sank Greek
steamer EVANGELISTRA (28grt)near Benghazi.
Dutch submarine O.23 unsuccessfully attacked a
steamer in 39-35N, 13-18E.
Yugoslav torpedo boats DURMITOR and KAJMAKALAN
departed Alexandria to operate for Mersa Matruh to operate off Bardia.
Corvettes JONQUIL and COREOPSIS departed Gibraltar escorting ocean boarding vessel CAVINA.
Out of the local approaches, the corvettes joined
arriving tanker CARDIUM.
Convoy HX.145 departed Halifax escorted by destroyer BROADWATER, armed merchant
cruiser CALIFORNIA, corvettes RIMOUSKI and SPIKENARD, and anti-submarine whalers KOS IX
andKOS VIII. The whalers were detached that night. Corvettes ARVIDA and
MATAPEDIA joined on the 17th for the day. Corvette CHILLIWACK joined on the 20th. The escorts were detached on
the 25th when relieved by destroyers BEAGLE, BOADICEA, and SALISBURY, corvettes HEATHER and NARCISSUS, minesweeper
SEAGULL, and anti-submarine trawlers ARAB, NORWICH CITY, and ST.LOMAN. The minesweeper and the trawlers
were detached later that day. On the 29th, destroyers SKTA and WITCH and
minesweepers HEBE and SPEEDWELL joined. Destroyer SALISBURY, corvettes HEATHER and NARCISSUS, and the
minesweepers were detached on the 30th. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 31st.
Sunday, 17 August
Light cruiser PENELOPE departed Rosyth for Scapa Flow to work up after long repairs.
Destroyer LAMERTON departed Rosyth for Scapa Flow at 0500 to carry out working up exercises.
The ship arrived at 1930.
Anti-aircraft ship PALOMARES departed Scapa Flow at 0915 on completion of working up exercises. The
joined join convoy EC.60 and proceeded to Belfast where she came under the orders of the Western
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Rosyth on
completion of boiler cleaning and proceeded northwards to meet convoy WN.68
in Moray Firth at 1800.
The ship escorted convoy WN.68 to May Island. Off May Island on the 18th, ship CURACOA transferred to convoy
EC.61 and escorted it northward. The convoy was attacked off Aberdeen by German bombing, but no damage was done.
Firth on the 19th, the
ship parted company with convoy EC.61 and arrived at Scapa Flow at 1800.
British steamer KINDERSLEY (1999grt) was damaged by
German bombing three miles southeast by east of B.1 Buoy (Blyth).
The steamer arrived at Blyth on the 18th.
Panamanian steamer SESSA (1700grt) was reported
sunk by a submarine in 61-26N, 30-50W.
The steamer does not appear in the Rohwer list.
Three crew were rescued by US.destroyer LANSDALE on 7 September. The rest
An Italian convoy of steamers MADDALENA ODERO
(5479grt), NICOLO ODERO (6003grt), CAFFARO (6476grt), MARIN SANUDO (5081grt),
GIULIA (5921grt), and MINATITLAND (7599grt) escorted by destroyers FRECCIA,
EURO, and DARDO and torpedo boats PROCIONE, PEGASO, and SIRTORI was attacked
by Dutch submarine O.23.
Italian steamer MADDALENA ODERO was torpedoed.
The steamer, escorted by torpedo boats PEGASO and
SIRTORI, was sunk by British aircraft on the 18th at Lampedusa.
The convoy arrived at Tripoli on the 19th.
Destroyers KIPLING and NIZAM landed supplies at
Tobruk during the night of 17/18 August.
The destroyers then returned to Alexandria.
Submarine REGENT at Alexandria was damaged when an air vessel of a torpedo
There were no personnel casualties.
Dutch steamer KOTA NOPAN (7322grt) was captured by
German raider KOMET at 1-22S, 89-10W.
Australian heavy cruiser AUSTRALIA and Heavy cruiser HAWKINS were ordered to search
for a French convoy which departed Tamatave on the 12th. The operation which
was a RATION operation was given the codename of KEDGREREE.
Cruiser AUSTRALIA departed Durban at 2350/18th and cruiser HAWKINS departed Durban at 0800/19th.
The convoy consisted of French steamers VILLE
D'ORAN (10,172grt), LINOIS (7473grt), DALNY (6672grt), LEPARI (tons), and
The operation ended on the 25th, without contact
with the French convoy.
Monday, 18 August
Heavy cruiser LONDON arrived at Scapa Flow from convoy WS.10 escort and Biscay patrol.
Destroyer NEWARK arrived at Scapa Flow at 0900 to carry out a short program of working up
Destroyer ANTHONY departed Scapa Flow for
Greenock to join
destroyers INTREPID and ANTELOPE to provide escort for aircraft carrier ARGUS
and troopship EMPRESS OF CANADA.
The ships sailed at 0200/19th.
At 1530/19th, Force A in light cruiser NIGERIA with light cruiser AURORA and destroyers TARTAR,
ICARUS, and ECLIPSE departed Scapa
Flow to meet the ARGUS
force. Fifteen miles north of the Butt of Lewis at 2100, the two forces
rendezvoused. Aircraft carrier ARGUS with destroyers TARTAR, INTREPID, and
ECLIPSE proceeded to Scapa
Flow where they arrived
at 2030/20th. The troopship and light cruisers NIGERIA and AURORA and destroyers ICARUS, ANTELOPE, and ANTHONY
proceeded to Reykjavik, where they arrived at 0730/21st.
Anti-submarine whaler WASTWATER departed Scapa Flow for Iceland, escorting motor launches ML.1043 and ML.1045, via
Destroyer QUORN, between Harwich and Chatham, was
damaged on a mine.
The damage was repaired at Chatham and was completed on 13 September.
British P/T/Midshipman (A) J. M. Down RNVR, was
killed when his Martlett of 802 Squadron crashed after an engine failure on
take off near Campbeltown.
U.38 sank Panamanian steamer LONGTAKER (1700grt) in
Destroyers JACKAL and KINGSTON departed Alexandria to carry supplies to Tobruk.
The destroyers arrived back at Alexandria on the 19th.
Submarine P.33 (Lt R. D. Whiteway-Wilkinson DSC),
which departed Malta on the 6th, was sunk by mining or by Italian anti-submarine attack
north of Tripoli on the 18th.
Whiteway-Wilkinson, Lt R. H. Bygott, Lt R. L.
Cunningham, Lt R. S. Frost RNR, and
twenty eight ratings were lost.
Submarine P.32 (Lt D. A. B. Abdy) had departed
Malta on the 12th. Attempting to attack the convoy, she
was damaged on a mine off
The damage killed the eight crew forward in the
The submarine was grounded on the bottom. Only Abdy
and one rating were able to successfully evacuate the submarine and were
picked up by an Italian MAS boat.
Sub Lt M. F. Millar, Lt R. L. S. Morris, Sub Lt R.
M. Smithard and twenty seven ratings were lost on the submarine.
Submarines UNBEATEN and URGE departed Malta to intercept a convoy north of Pantelleria.
Submarine TETRARCH fired torpedoes into Benghazi
The torpedoes exploded on the boom defense.
Australian minesweeper BATHURST arrived at Port Said from Alexandria to pass through the Suez Canal.
The minesweeper joined the East Indies Fleet.
Australian minesweeper LISMORE was also transferred
to the East Indies Fleet, passing through the Canal on the 21st.
In exchange, armed boarding vessels CHANTALA, which
passed through the Canal on the 20th, and CHAKDINA, which arrived at Suez on the 29th, were attached to the Mediterranean
Armed boarding vessel CHAKDINA arrived at Alexandria on 2 September.
Convoy HG.71 departed Gibraltar escorted by destroyer WILD SWAN, sloop DEPTFORD,
corvettes AURICULA, CONVOLVULUS, MARIGOLD, SAMPHIRE and anti-submarine
trawler ST.NECTAN. The trawler was detached that night.
Destroyer WILD SWAN was detached on the 23rd and
destroyer VIMY, which departed Gibraltar on the
19th, relieved her in the escort on that date. Destroyer VIMY was detached on
the 25th and arrived at Gibraltar on the 28th.
Anti-aircraft ship PALMARES joined the escort on
the 29th. Destroyers CALDWELL and CASTLETON joined on the 30th.
The convoy arrived at Liverpool on 1 September.
Soviet destroyer STATNY was mined and sunk off
Soviet steamer AXEL CARL (2170grt) was sunk by
German bombing in Leningrad
Destroyers AVONVALE and ERIDGE departed Gibraltar for Freetown, en route to the Mediterranean Fleet.
Gibraltar for patrol in the Atlantic.
Tuesday, 19 August
Heavy cruiser LONDON departed
Scapa Flow for
boiler cleaning in the Clyde, arriving on the 20th.
Destroyer INGLEFIELD departed Rosyth after boiler cleaning
and arrived at Scapa Flow that day.
Leading Airman E. S. Ingle and Leading Airman G. R.
Watson of 1 SFTS Netheravon were killed when their Hart crashed at Claverton,
three miles ESE of Bath.
U-boat attacks on convoy OG.71, escorted by sloop
LEITH, corvettes CAMPANULA, HYDRANGEA, BLUEBELL, CAMPION, WALLFLOWER, and
ZINNIA and anti-submarine trawler LORD NUFFIELD, began on the 19th and
continued through 23 August.
On the 19th, Norwegian destroyer BATH (Lt Cdr C. F. T. Melsom RNorN), which had been
detached the evening before, was travelling behind the convoy. The destroyer
was sunk by U.204 in 49N, 17W, SW of Ireland.
Melsom, T/Sub Lt J. R. A. Pennick RNVR,T/Surgeon Lt
R. Taylor MB, ChB RNVR, and nine RN ratings were lost in the destroyer; one
further died of wounds. Two more Norwegian officers and sixty seven Norwegian
ratings were lost in the destroyer. Corvette HYDRANGEA picked up thirty nine
and destroyer WANDERER four survivors from the destroyer. All but nine of the
survivors in the corvette were transferred to the destroyer for medical
attention; two died of wounds en route to Gibraltar.
Submarine U.559 sank British steamer ALVA (1584grt)
in 49N, 17W on the 19th. The submarine also claimed sinking one more steamer
and damaging another. One crew was lost on the steamer. British steamer
CLONLARA (1203grt) rescued her some of her survivors, but fifteen of the ALVA
survivors were lost when CLONLARA was sunk on the 22nd. Tug EMPIRE OAK picked
up eleven survivors from steamer ALVA. Destroyer BOREAS picked up five
Submarine U.201 sank British steamer CISCAR
(1809grt) in 49-10N, 17-40W and British steamer AGUILA (3255grt) in 49-23N,
17-56W on the 19th. A third ship was reported sunk.
Twenty one crew and five gunners were rescued.
British steamer CERVANTES (1810grt) rescued five survivors; on 26 September
when CERVANTES was lost, three of these survivors were lost. Steamer PETEREL
rescued twenty five survivors from CISCAR.
Fifty eight crew, five gunners, Commodore (Vice
Admiral P. E. Parker DSO Rtd), four of his staff, and eighty nine passengers
were lost on steamer AGUILA.
Among the passengers lost were Lt J. C. Graham,
Surgeon Commander A. N. Forsyth, MB ChB, T/Sub Lt (A) A. J. Ensor RNVR,
T/A/Sub Lt (A) R. A. Fawcett RNVR, P/T/Sub Lt (A) W. P. Blewitt, P/T/Sub Lt
(A) M. Eden RNVR, and P/T/Midshipman (A) HM Bulpitt RNVR, en route to the
aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, A/Gunner (T) T. L. P. Melloy,en route to
destroyer FORESIGHT, Surgeon Lt R. M. Calder, MB, ChB RNVR, en route to
destroyer DUNCAN, T/A/Warrant Shipwright G. J. Lawson en route to submarine
depot ship MAIDSTONE, Paymaster Lt Cdr D. G. Mackenzie RNR, T/Lt L. Beeching RNVR, T/Lt R. A. Crichton
RNVR,T/Sub Lt S. J. Golding RNVR, T/Sub Lt G. M. Wright RNVR, T/Paymaster Sub
Lt R. W. Phillips RNVR, and T/Skipper A. V. Roberts RNR, en route to CORMORANT. Also lost were nine WREN
officers and one nursing sister.
Six survivors from steamer AGUILA were picked up by
Tug EMPIRE OAK (484grt) and corvette WALLFLOWER picked up survivors.
Submarine U.204 made two attacks on the 19th and
reported sinking two steamers, but none were reported.
Destroyers GURKHA and LANCE from convoy WS.10 X
reinforced the convoy from 20 to 23 August. Destroyer VIDETTE, which departed
Gibraltar on the 21st, from 21 to 23 August.
Destroyers BOREAS and WIVERN reinforced the convoy
from 22 to 23 August.
Submarine U.564 made four attacks on the 22nd and
sank British steam tug EMPIRE OAK (484grt) and British steamer CLONLARA
(1203grt) in 40-43N, 11-39W. She reported damaging two other steamers.
Eleven crew and three gunners were missing from the
tug. Eight survivors from steamers ALVA and six survivors from AGUILA were
missing. Destroyer BOREAS rescued four survivors from the tug. Corvette
CAMPANULA picked up the remainder of the survivors.
Eleven crew were lost on the steamer.
Submarine U.201 sank British steamers STORK
(787grt) and ALDERGROVE (1974grt) in 40-43N, 11-30W on the 23rd. She reported
damaging two other steamers.
One naval rating was lost on steamer ALDERGROVE.
Destroyer BOREAS rescued four survivors from the steamer. Corvette CAMPANULA
rescued the remainder of the survivors.
Nineteen crew were lost on steamer STORK. Three
crew were rescued by corvette CAMPION.
Submarine U.564 on the 23rd damaged Norwegian
steamer SPIND (2129grt) in 40-43N, 11-39W. The submarine reported damaging
Corvette ZINNIA (Lt Cdr C. G. Cuthbertson DSO RNR) was sunk by U.564 in 40-43N, 11-39W west of Portugal on the 23rd.
A/Sub Lt M. T. Edwards RNVR, T/Sub Lt J. Halliday
RNVR, and T/Sub Lt J. B. Miller RNVR, and forty six ratings were lost on the
corvette. Her survivors were picked up by corvette CAMPION.
The submarine reported sinking two other steamers
on the 23rd.
Submarine U.552 sank damaged Norwegian steamer
SPIND (2129grt) in 40-43N, 11-39W. The entire crew was rescued by destroyer
Convoy OG.72 departed Liverpool.
On the 20th, destroyers CHELSEA, CROOME, HEYTHROP,
and WOLVERINE, sloop ROCHESTER, corvettes CARNATION, HELIOTROPE, LA MALOUINE,
and MALLOW, and catapult ship MAPLIN joined the convoy.
Destroyer DUNCAN departed Londonderry on the 22nd and joined the convoy. Destroyers
CHELSEA and WOLVERINE were detached on the 23rd.
Destroyers CROOME and HEYTHROP were detached on the 27th and arrived at Gibraltar on the 30th.
Destroyer LANCE joined the escort from patrol on
the 26th and destroyer BOREAS departed Gibraltar on the 27th to join. Destroyer DUNCAN arrived at
Gibraltar on the 31st. The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on 1 September with destroyers BOREAS and LANCE,
sloop ROCHESTER, corvettes MALOW, HELIOTROPE, CRNATION, and LA
MALOUINE, and catapult ship MAPLIN.
Italian submarine TAZZOLI sank Norwegian tanker
SILDRA (7313grt) in 5-30N, 12-50W. The entire crew were rescued.
Motor barge GOLDEN GRAIN (101grt) was sunk on a
mine in 51-35-18N, 1-03-18E.
The crew of three were all lost.
Soviet hospital ship SIBIR (3767grt) was sunk by
German bombing in the Gulf
Some 400 passengers were lost on the ship.
Operation TREACLE began.
Six thousand troops of the Polish Carpathian
Brigade were ferried to Tobruk, covered by the cruisers of the 7th and 15th
On the first night of TREACLE, destroyers JERVIS,
KIMBERLEY, and HASTY departed Alexandria for Tobruk in the first series.
The destroyers arrived back at Alexandria on the 20th.
Whaler THORBRYN (Lt Cdr J. F. Hall RNR), towing two D.lighters, was sunk by German
bombing in 32N, 24-09-15E off Tobruk.
T/Lt D. C. Wilson RNVR, T/Lt W. B. Chisholm RNVR,
and six ratings were killed on the whaler.
Hall, T/Sub Lt (E) R. Firing RNVR, T/Lt (E) K. A.
Larsen RNR, and sixteen ratings were taken prisoner.
One D lighter was sunk and the second drifted onto
the enemy coast. Skipper P. D. Jackson RNR, was killed and T/Skipper J. J. Fortune RNR taken prisoner.
Light cruiser GALATEA arrived at Suez to join the Mediterranean Fleet.
Anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY departed Alexandria for the Canal Area. The cruiser arrived at Suez on the 20th. There she escorted liners ILE DE FRANCE (43,450grt), NIEUW AMSTERDAM (36,287grt), and
ORION (23,371grt) to Port Taufiq.
Destroyer HOTSPUR departed Alexandria to relieve destroyer HAVOCK at Haifa.
Destroyer HAVOCK arrived back at Alexandria on the 20th.
Submarine TETRARCH unsuccessfully attacked Italian
steamer CADAMOSTO, which was arriving at Benghazi from Tripoli.
Submarine UNBEATEN unsuccessfully attacked a convoy
of liners MARCO POLO, ESPERIA, NEPTUNIA, and OCEANIA, escorted by destroyers VIVALDI, DA RECCO, GIOBERTO, and ORIANO and
torpedo boat DEZZA, fifteen miles north of Pantelleria.
After the attack, the convoy was joined by destroyers
MAESTRALE, GRECALE, and SCIROCCO.
The convoy arrived at Tripoli on the 20th.
Australian sloop PARRAMATTA departed Port Said escorting motor transport ship KEVINBANK to Famagusta in Serial S.23 of the GUILLOTINE operation.
The sloop arrived on the 21st and then sailed for
British steamer DEVON (9036grt) was sunk by German raider KOMET about two hundred miles SW
of the Galapagos
Island, in 5S, 91W. The entire crew was rescued and made prisoners of war.
Wednesday, 20 August
Battleship KING GEORGE V departed Scapa Flow at 2100 for Rosyth, escorted by destroyers
INGLEFIELD, LIGHTNING, and PUNJABI.
The ships arrived off May Island at 0600/21st. Destroyer PUNJABI continued to
Rosyth to boiler clean. Destroyers INGLEFIELD and LIGHTNING returned to Scapa Flow, arriving that mid afternoon.
Battleship DUKE OF YORK (Captain C. H. J. Harcourt, CBE) was completed.
Destroyer BADSWORTH departed Greenock at 0930 for Scapa
Flow to carry out working
The destroyer arrived at 0600/21st.
Destroyer PUCKERIDGE departed Scapa Flow at 1000 to convey the Commander in Chief, Home
Fleet to Scapa Flow. On arrival, she returned to Scapa Flow, to carry out practices in the Pentland Firth on passage.
Destroyer TARTAR departed Scapa Flow at 2200 for Skaalefjord. The destroyer arrived at
Destroyer TARTAR escorting damaged destroyer
ACHATES in tow of tug ASSURANCE and with salvage vessel LE LUTTEUR departed
Skaaleford for the Tyne.
The ships arrived in the Tyne at 2300/24th.
Convoy ON.9 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers BEAGLE, BOADICEA, SALISBURY, and WINCHELSEA, corvette NARCISSUS, minesweeper
SEAGULL, and anti-submarine trawlers AYRSHIRE and LADY MADELEINE. Corvette
HEATHER joined on the 21st. Destroyers BOADICEA and WINCHELSEA and the
trawlers were detached on the 23rd. Destroyers BEAGLE and SALISBURY, corvettes HEATHER and NARCISSUS, and minesweeper
SEAGULL were detached when the convoy was dispersed on the 25th.
Polish steamer CZESTOCHOWA (1971grt) was sunk by German motor torpedo boat
S.48 in 53-11-30N, 1-06E and damaged British steamer DALEWOOD (2774grt) in
53-11-24N, 1-05-30E. One crewman was lost on the Polish steamer. Three crew
and a naval gunner were lost on the British steamer. The steamer was towed to
Humber badly damaged aft.
British fishing trawler JULIET (173grt) was sunk by
German bombing thirty miles south of Old Head of Kinsale. The entire crew was
Faroes auxiliary trawler SOLARRIS (236grt) was sunk
on a mine off Seidisfjord.
Four crew were rescued.
On the 19th, an Italian convoy of troopships
ESPERIA (11,398grt), MARCO POLO (12,272grt), NEPTUNIA (19,475grt), and
OCEANIA (19,507grt) departed Naples for Tripoli escorted by destroyers
VIVALDI, DA RECCO, GIOBERTI, and ORIANI and torpedo boat DEZZA. The convoy
was reinforced later the same day by destroyers MAESTRALE, GRECALE, and
SCIROCCO after an attack by submarine UNBEATEN.
Submarine UNIQUE sank Italian troopship ESPERIA
eleven miles north of Tripoli
in 33-03N, 13-03E on the 20th.
Thirty one troops were lost on the troopship. One
thousand, one hundred and thirty nine men were rescued.
The convoy arrived at Tripoli on the 20th.
Submarine UPHOLDER sank Italian steamer ENOTRIA
(852grt) six miles northwest of Cape St Vito, northwest Sicily.
Submarine THRASHER sank small Greek steamer SAN STEFANO off Cape
Malea with gunfire.
Light cruisers AJAX and NEPTUNE departed Alexandria covering minelaying cruiser LATONA and destroyers
KIPLING, NIZAM, and KINGSTON
en route to Tobruk in the second series of the TREACLE operation.
Returning from the operation, destroyer NIZAM was
damaged by a near miss north of Bardia at 0630/21st.
The destroyer was taken in tow by destroyer KINGSTON for a time until she could proceed under her own
The light cruisers provided cover for the
destroyer's return to Alexandria.
Destroyers HOTSPUR and DECOY were sailed from Haifa to Beirut.
British tanker TURBO (4782grt) was badly damaged by
German bombing in 32-08N, 31-57E.
Sloop FLAMINGO and trawlers for Port Said assisted the tanker. The entire crew was rescued.
The tanker arrived at Port Said on the 21st. On 23 September, the tanker was moved
to Suez. On 1 April 1942, the tanker departed Suez for Aden in the tow of British steamer GLADYS MOLLER
(5285grt). At 25-16N, 35-25E on 4 April, the tanker broke in half and sank.
Gibraltar for patrol in the Atlantic.
Dutch submarine O.23 arrived at Gibraltar from patrol in the Mediterranean.
Submarine OTUS arrived at Malta from Alexandria with stores, including a submarine generator,
twelve cases of U-class submarine spares, petrol, and eighteen passengers.
Submarine URGE arrived at Malta from patrol.
Minesweeping trawler LORINDA (348grt, Lt J. H.
Seelye NZRNVR), en route to Port Harcourt in company with trawler BALTA, was lost through
engine trouble and a fire off Freetown in 6-30S, 11-37W.
Corvette LAVENDER proceeded to assist. The entire
crew were rescued by trawler BALTA which returned to Freetown.
Thursday, 21 August
Force K of light cruisers NIGERIA and AURORA and destroyers
ANTHONY, ANTELOPE, and ICARUS departed Hvalfjord at 2200 escorting troopship
EMPRESS OF CANADA on Operations GAUNTLET and BENEDICT.
Oiler OLIGARCH arrived at Spitzbergen on the 24th,
escorted by trawlers HAZEL and ELM.
After demolishing the coal fields at Bergensburg,
light cruiser NIGERIA departed on the 26th with destroyers ANTHONY,
ANTELOPE, and ICARUS escorting troopship EMPRESS OF CANADA to Archangel.
On the 26th, Norwegian colliers INGERTO (3089grt),
NANDI (1999grt), and MUNIN (1285grt) taken as prizes, escorted by
anti-submarine trawler SEALYHAM, and until the morning of 27 August by light
cruiser AURORA, departed Spitzbergen for Hvalfjord, arriving on 1 September.
This convoy was designated Convoy Drover.
These ships returned to Spitzbergen on 1 September
and joined light cruiser AURORA.
Convoy DERVISH departed Liverpool on the 12th, escorted by anti-aircraft ship
POZARICA and minesweeping trawlers CELIA (545grt), HAMLET (545grt), and
MACBETH (545grt), anti-submarine trawlers ST.CATHAN (565grt) and LE TIGRE
(516grt) for Reykjavik.
The convoy called at Scapa Flow on the 15th and departed at 1800/16th with
destroyers ELECTRA, IMPULSIVE, and ACTIVE with light cruiser AURORA as
additional escort until 18 August.
The convoy departed Reykjavik on the 21st with
British steamers LANCANSTRIAN PRINCE (1914grt), NEW WESTMINSTER CITY (4747grt), ESNEH (1931grt), LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE
(11,348grt), and TREHATA (4817grt), Dutch steamer ALCHIBA (4427grt), and
British oiler ALDERSDALE escorted by destroyers ELECTRA, ACTIVE, and
IMPULSIVE, minesweepers HALCYON, HARRIER, and SALAMANDER, and minesweeping
trawlers HAMLET, MACBETH, and OPHELIA.
The convoy was covered by Aircraft carrier
VICTORIOUS, heavy cruisers DEVONSHIRE and SUFFOLK, and destroyers ECLIPSE, ESCAPADE, and INGLEFIELD
from 24 to 30 August, when the ships called at Spitzbergen to refuel.
The convoy arrived on the 31st at Archangel.
Destroyers SOMALI and ORIBI departed Scapa Flow escorting aircraft carrier FURIOUS to Greenock.
The ships arrived at Greenock at 0245/22nd. Destroyer ORIBI proceeded to
Glasgow for repairs. Destroyer SOMALI returned to Scapa Flow, arriving at 0700/23rd.
Heavy cruiser SHROPSHIRE departed Hvalfjord for Scapa Flow, via Akureyri and East of Iceland.
The cruiser arrived at Scapa Flow on the 24th.
Destroyer NEWARK departed
Scapa Flow at 1730
to rejoin the Minelaying Command at Loch Alsh.
At 2100 a U-boat was suspected attempting to force
a passage into Scapa Flow.
A patrol was established through the night with
destroyers LIGHTNING, MATABELE, INTREPID, and PUCKERIDGE, trawlers, and motor
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 0700 and escorted convoy WN.70 from Pentland Firth to May Island.
On this date, the anti-aircraft ships operating
with the WN.and EC.convoys came under the administration of Commander in
French submarine RUBIS, which departed Dundee on the 14th, laid mines in minefield FD 33 off Jaederens.
At 1535/21st, the submarine attacked two steamers
and sank Finnish steamer HOGLAND (4360grt) in 58-16N, 4-48E.
In the attack, two torpedoes exploded shortly after
leaving the torpedo tubes and damaged the submarine.
Early on the 22nd, the submarine was able to signal
Anti-aircraft cruiser CURACOA, which was already at
sea with convoy WN.70, destroyers LIVELY and LIGHTNING, which departed Scapa Flow at 0600/22nd, destroyer WOLFHOUND, anti-submarine
trawlers CLEVELLA and FILEY BAY, and tug ABEILLE IV were sent to assist.
Destroyers LIVELY and LIGHTNING arrived back at
Scapa Flow at 2100/24th. En route, destroyer LIGHTNING
rescued three Norwegians from Bergen in a dinghy.
The submarine, escorted by destroyer WOLFHOUND,
arrived at Dundee on the 24th for repairs.
French drifter GLORIA IN EXCELSIO DEO was damaged by German bombing at Southampton.
The drifter sank, but was later raised and
Force H departed Gibraltar with battleship NELSON, aircraft carrier ARK
ROYAL, light cruiser HERMIONE, and destroyers NESTOR, FORESTER, FURY,
FORESIGHT, and ENCOUNTER for operations against Sardinia in Operation MINCEMEAT.
On the 23rd, Italian battleships LITTORIO and VENETO with six destroyers departed Taranto and heavy cruisers TRIESTE, TRENTO, BOLZANO, and GORIZIA with four destroyers departed Messina to guard against Force H operations. Five
destroyers departed Trapani
and joined the Italian force.
Light cruisers ABRUZZI, ATTENDOLO, and MONTECUCCOLI
of the 8th Cruiser Division and five destroyers departed Palermo and were stationed north of Tunisia.
On the 24th, British air reconnaissance sighted the
Italian battleship force. After ARK ROYAL aircraft dropped incendiary bombs
in the cork woods west and southeast of Tempio, Sardinia, Force H returned to Gibraltar.
The Force H operations were a diversion for a
minelaying by minelayer MANXMAN. The minelayer had departed England on the 17th and arrived at Gibraltar on the 21st. Minelayer MANXMAN departed Gibraltar early on the 22nd, disguised as a French LEOPARD
destroyer for the passage to and from off Livorno in the Gulf of Genoa, where mines were successfully laid.
Submarine UPHOLDER reported sighting one Italian
battleship, two heavy cruisers, and six destroyers in the Central Mediterranean on the 24th. The submarine made an unsuccessful
attack on light cruiser LUIGI DI SAVOIA in 38-30N, 12-00E.
British steamer DURHAM (10,893grt), which departed Malta independently on the 21st for Gibraltar, was damaged by mining west of Pantelleria.
The steamer arrived at Gibraltar on the 24th and was drydocked for damage.
British steamer DEUCALION (7516grt) departed Malta on the 26th and proceeded independently to Gibraltar, followed by destroyer FARNDALE. Both arrived at
Gibraltar on the 29th. The steamer having sustained slight
damage by mine explosion.
On the 26th, while the Italian forces were
returning to port, Submarine TRIUMPH sighted a group of these ships composed
of battleship LITTORIO, heavy cruisers BOLZANO and TRIESTE, and ten destroyers.
Submarine TRIUMPH torpedoed and badly damaged heavy
cruiser BOLZANO north of Messina.
Battleship NELSON, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL,
light cruiser HERMIONE, and destroyers of the operation arrived back at Gibraltar on the 26th.
Minelayer MANXMAN arrived at Gibraltar on the 25th. The minelayer departed Gibraltar on the 26th and arrived back in England on the 30th.
Destroyers KANDAHAR, GRIFFIN, and JACKAL departed Alexandria for Tobruk in the third series of the TREACLE
The destroyers returned to Alexandria on the 22nd.
Destroyer NAPIER departed Port Said for Alexandria after turbine repairs to rejoin the Mediterranean
On the destroyer's arrival at Alexandria on the 22nd, Captain D.7th Destroyer Flotilla
A report that British liner DUNERA (11,162grt) was
under attack by aircraft caused Australian minesweeper BATHURST to be diverted to search for her. Anti-aircraft
cruiser COVENTRY was sailed from Suez to protection shipping in anchorage F. Sloop
FLAMINGO departed Port
It was later discovered the report was an
inaccuraterebroadcast of SOS of the
tanker TURBO attack.
Gunboat GNAT departed Alexandria to relieve gunboat APHIS at Mersa Matruh.
Greek light cruiser AVEROFF departed Port Sudan for Aden and Bombay for boiler repairs.
Egyptian steamer EL FATH (311grt) was damaged by
German bombing at Famagusta.
Four crew were killed.
British steamer ATLANTIC
COAST (890grt) departed Gibraltar for Freetown, escorted by anti-submarine trawler STELLA CARINA
Subamrine TAKU arrived at Malta from Alexandriawith stores.
On the 25th, the submarine departed for Gibraltar, arriving on 1 September. She departed on 4
September and proceeded to Chatham for refitting, arriving on 15 October, via
Rothesay on 13 September and Blyth on 6 October.
Submarine UNBEATEN arrived at Malta after patrol.
Convoy HX.146 departed Halifax escorted by armed merchant cruiser WORCESTERSHIRE
and corvettes KENOGAMI, MOOSE JAW, and PRESCOTT. Corvettes BARRIE and MATAPEDIA joined on the
22nd. The corvettes were detached on the 24th when relieved by destroyer
BROADWAY and corvettes COBALT, POLYANTHUS, and TRAIL. The entire escort,
including the armed merchant cruiser was detached on 2 September when
relieved by destroyers KEPPEL, LINCOLN, NIAGARA, SABRE, SHIKARI, and
VENOMOUS, corvettes ALISMA, ALYSSE, COLLINGWOOD, DIANELLA, and SUNFLOWER, and
anti-submarine trawlers LADY ELSA and MAN O.WAR. Destroyer NIAGARA and corvettes ALYSSE and COLLINGWOOD were detached later that day.
Destroyers LINCOLN and SABRE, corvettes ALISMA, DIANELLA, and SUNFLOWER, and
the trawlers were detached on 5 September. The convoy arrived at
Liverpool on 6 September.
Friday, 22 August
Battleship RODNEY departed Newport, Rhode Island, for
Bermuda to work up
Minelayer AGAMEMNON, escorted by destroyer NEWARK, laid minefield SN.22B in the Northern Barrage.
An Italian convoy of Italian transport LUSSIN
(3958grt) with steamer ALCIONE (493grt) in tow and steamer ALBERTO FASSIO
(2289grt) departed Palermo for Tripoli escorted by torpedo boats CIGNO and PEGASO. On the
22nd, submarine UPHOLDER sank LUSSIN near Cape St Vito.
Minelaying cruiser ABDIEL and destroyers JERVIS,
HASTY, and KIMBERLEY departed Alexandria for Tobruk in the fourth series of the TREACLE
operation. The operation was covered
by light cruisers PHOEBE, NAIAD, and GALATEA of the 15th Cruiser
Squadron. The ships arrived back at
Alexandria on the 23rd.
Australian destroyer STUART departed Alexandria with one engine inoperative to return to Australia, arriving on 16 September at Fremantle.
The 10th Destroyer Flotilla at this time ceased to
exist. Destroyer VENDETTA was then attached to the 7th Destroyer Flotilla and
destroyer DECOY was attached to the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla.
Destroyer STUART was sent on to Williamstown for
Greek steamer LESBOS (1009grt) was damaged by German bombing at Tobruk.
Netlayer TONBRIDGE (T/A/Lt Cdr D E Brown RNR) was sunk by German bombing three cables 108° from
Scroby Elbow Buoy off Yarmouth. Brown and 34 ratings were lost.
Corvettes FLEUR DE LYS and AZALEA departed Gibraltar escorting tankers BENEDICK and CAPSA. The
corvettes then joined arriving tanker CORDELIA and escorted her to Gibraltar, arriving on the 31st.
American destroyer HUGHES was damaged in a
collision with British steamer CHUMLEIGH at Reykjavik.
Saturday, 23 August
Heavy cruisers DEVONSHIRE (SO Force M) and SUFFOLK,
aircraft carrier VICTORIOUS, and destroyers INGLEFIELD, ECLIPSE, and ESCAPADE
departed Scapa Flow as Force M.to operate in the northern waters in Archangel
and Murmansk areas in Operations E. G. V. 1 and E. G. V. 2.
An Albacore of 832 Squadron ditched off Cape Wrath. Destroyer INGLEFIELD rescued Sub Lt H. Eyre, Sub
Lt D. J. R. Harvey, and Leading Airman T. E. J. St Vaughan.
Minelayers SOUTHERN PRINCE, PORT QUEBEC, and ADVENTURE, escorted by destroyers
CASTLETON, NEWARK, and CHARLESTOWN, laid minefield SN.70A east of Iceland.
The heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE force provided cover for this minelay as they
proceeded on their operation.
Minesweeper SPEEDWELL was damaged in a collision
with British steamer ST.JULIAN (1952grt) in the North Sea.
The damage to the minesweeper was minor.
Convoy OS.4 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers CALDWELL, CASTLETON, VANOC,
VOLUNTEER and WALKER. The destroyers were detached on the 28th. Also
departing with the convoy was French sloop CHEVREUIL which was detached on
the 27th, special service vessel FIDELITY, which was detached on 2 September,
escort vessels GORLESTON and LULWORTH, which were detached on 9 September,
and anti-air craft ship PALMORES which as detached on the 28th.
On the 31st, escort vessels SENNEN and TOTLAND
joined the convoy and were detached on 9 September. On 9 September, destroyer
VANSITTART joined the convoy and escorted it into Freetown arriving on 11 September.
U.143 sank Norwegian steamer INGER (1418grt) in
Nine crew were lost. Fourteen survivors were landed
Submarine TETRARCH sank Italian steamers FRATELLI
GARRE (413grt) at twelve miles northwest of Sirte and FRANCESCO GARRE
(395grt) at one miles from Sirte.
Destroyers NAPIER and JACKAL departed Alexandria to intercept any supply ships attempting to enter
A merchant ship was sighted by submarine TALISMAN
in 33-30N, 24-20E.
No further contact was made. The ship turned
northward to avoid the British ships.
The ships arrived back at Alexandria on the 24th.
Italian steamer CONSTANZA (582grt) was sunk by
British Blenheims from Malta south of Lampedusa.
There was no TREACLE operation on the 23rd.
German raider ORION arrived at Bordeaux, escorted by submarines U.75 and U.205, after
raiding in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian
The cruiser sank nine and a half ships for 57,744 tons.
She shared seven kills with cruiser KOMET.
Sunday, 24 August
Light cruiser ARETHUSA departed Scapa Flow to refit in the Tyne.
Destroyer VIVACIOUS arrived at Scapa Flow at 1900
from Rosyth to carry out working up practices.
Destroyer SOMALI departed Scapa Flow at 2200 for Loch Alsh to embark the First Lord of
The destroyer arrived at 0800/25th and after
embarking the First Lord of the Admiralty sailed for Stornoway at 1400.
Destroyer SOMALI arrived at 1550. At 1630 the destroyer departed for Scapa Flow and arrived at 0930/26th.
The First Lord of the Admiralty was transferred to
battleship PRINCE OF WALES.
Sloop BLACK SWAN, escorting a convoy in the Irish Sea, was damaged by German bombing.
The damage required three weeks to repair at
British steamer SKAGERAK (1283grt) was sunk on a
mine in the River Orwell, Harwich in 51-58-08N, 1-16-06E. Seventeen crew and
the pilot were killed.
Anti-submarine whaler KOS XVI was sunk in a
collision with Destroyer WOLSEY in the Irish Sea.
Damage to the destroyer was minor and did not
remove her from service.
Soviet destroyer ENGELS was sunk on a mine off
Light cruisers AJAX and NEPTUNE departed Alexandria covering minelaying cruiser LATONA and destroyers
KIPLING, KINGSTON, and GRIFFIN in the fifth series of the TREACLE operation.
The ships arrived back at Alexandria on the 25th.
A Catalina aircraft sighted and attacked a U-boat
30 miles SW of the River Tagus. Destroyers BOREAS and WIVERN searched the
area without result.
Convoy SC.41 departed Sydney, CB escorted by armed
merchant cruiser RANPURA and corvettes ARVIDA, CHICOUTIMI, and MATAPEDIA. The corvettes were detached on the
26th when relieved by destroyer ST.CROIX and corvettes BUTOUCHE, GALT, and PICTOU. Destroyer RAMSEY joined on 2
September. Corvettes ARABIS, MONKSHOOD, and PETUNIA and anti-submarine
trawlers NORTHERN GEM, NORTHERN PRIDE, and NORTHERN WAVE joined on 5 September, destroyer SARDONYX on 6
September, and destroyers MALCOLM and WATCHMAN on 11 September. Destroyer
ST.CROIX was detached on 5 September and destroyer RAMSEY and corvettes
BUTOUCHE and GALT on 6 September. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on 11 September.
Light cruiser CERES was damaged in a collision with
Norwegian tanker GYLFE (6129grt) off Bombay.
The cruiser's stem was fractured, but the cruiser
was able to depart Bombay that day escorting convoy BM 8 to Trincomalee.
In Operation CUTTING, British steamer LADY
DENISON-PENDER (1984grt) departed Freetown, escorted by sloop MILFORD, to cut and lift about sixty miles of the Dakar - Pernambuco cable.
The ship arrived in position on the 28th and the operation
required one week to complete.
Convoy SL.85 departed Freetown escorted by destroyer VANSITTART to 28 August,
sloop MILFORD to 28 August, and corvettes ASTER, BURDOCK,
STARWORT, and VERVAIN to 28 August.
On the 28th, sloop SANDWICH to 17 September, sloop COMMANDANT DOMINE to 17 September, and
anti-submarine yacht PHILANTE to 17 September joined.
On 2 September, corvette WALLFLOWER joined to 11
On 11 September, destroyers BOREAS, CALDWELL,
VANOC, VOLUNTEER, and WALKER
and corvettes BLUEBELL, CAMPANULA, CAMPION, CARNATION, HELIOTROPE, HYDRANGEA,
LA MALOUINE, and MALLOW joined. Sloop LEITH joined on 14 September.
The convoy arrived at Liverpool on 17 September with ocean boarding vessel CAVINA
and the escorts which joined on 11 and 14 September.
Convoy BM 8 departed Bombay with steamers EKMA
(5108grt), NEVASA (9213grt), EGRA (5108grt), ETHIOPIA (5574grt), and EL
MADINA (3962grt), escorted by light cruiser CERES to Trincomalee. The convoy
was escorted on by armed merchant cruiser ANTENOR to 31 August, when light
cruiser DAUNTLESS relieved her.
The convoy arrived at Port Swettenham on 2
Monday, 25 August
Light cruiser KENYA departed Rosyth after repairs and arrived back at
Scapa Flow. Her repair trial was not satisfactory and speed
was limited to a maximum of 28.5 knots.
Anti-aircraft ship ULSTER QUEEN arrived at Scapa Flow at 1200 from Belfast to carry out working up exercises.
Cruiser minelayer WELSHMAN departed Rosyth at 2200
to carry out a practice lay of mines and then proceed to Scapa Flow where she arrived at 0910/26th. The cruiser then
carried out working up exercises.
Minelayers SOUTHERN PRINCE, PORT QUEBEC, and minelaying cruiser ADVENTURE, escorted
by destroyers CASTLETON, NEWARK,
and CHARLESTOWN, laid minefield SN.70 A in the Northern Barrage.
Auxiliary minelayer SOUTHERN PRINCE (10,917grt),
returning from laying the minefield, wasdamaged by a U.652 west of the Faroes
in 62-55N, 9-55W.
There were no casualties in the minelayer.
Destroyers LIGHTNING and LAMERTON departed Scapa Flow at 0615/26th to assist the minelayer. The
minelayer was escorted as far the Minches. The destroyers arrived back at
Scapa Flow on the 27th.
The minelayer was repaired at Belfast.
T/A/Sub Lt (A) G. L. Stewart RNVR, was killed when
his Walrus of 749 Squadron crashed near Piarco. Two students, Leading Airman
B. C. Hamilton, RNZNVR, and Leading Airman H. Hunt RNVR, were also killed.
U.452 was sunk by a Catalina of 209 Squadron
andanti-submarine trawler VISENDA south of Iceland in 61-30N, 15-30W. The entire crew of forty two
were lost in the submarine.
U.752 sank Soviet minesweeping trawler DVINA (633grt) northwest of Svyatoy.
German steamer TROYBURG (2288grt) was lost when she
was stranded at Faresund.
Light cruisers NAIAD, PHOEBE, GALATEA departed
Alexandria to cover minelaying cruiser ABDIEL and destroyers
JACKAL, HASTY, and KANDAHAR on the series six of the TREACLE operation.
The light cruisers were unsuccessfully attacked at
dusk on the 25th.
The ships safely returned to Alexandria on the 26th.
Yugoslav torpedo boats DURMITOR and KAJMAKCALAN,
completely out of service after two operations off Bardia, were ordered to depart
Mersa Matruh and return to Alexandria.
The boats arrived on the 26th.
Corvettes JONQUIL and COREOPSIS arrived at Gibraltar, escorting British tanker CARDIUM from Curacao.
Operation COUNTENANCE was
the overall operation supporting the British invasion of Iran. There were three naval operations and
two ground forces operations in this plan. The name RAPIER was originally
given to operations at Abadan
and Korramshahr, but was not used. Operation BISHOP was the capture of the
port and shipping at Bandar Shapur.
Armed merchant cruiser
KANIMBLA, gunboat COCKCHAFER, sloop LAWRENCE, corvette SNAPDRAGON, minesweeping trawlers ARTHUR
CAVANAGH and LILAC, Anglo Iranian Oil Company salvage tugs ST ATHAN and
DELAVAR, R.A.F. Launch 20, and dhow DAIF were in BISHOP.
LAWRENCE seized Iranian gunboats CHAZBAAZ and KARKAZ.
German steamer HOHENFELS
(7862 tons) was captured by a boarding party from KANIMBLA and renamed EMPIRE
KEMAL. The steamer left Bandar Shahpur under tow for Karachi on 11 October.
German steamer MARIENFELS
(7575 tons) was captured by a boarding party from KANIMBLA and was renamed
EMPIRE RANI. The steamer sailed for Karachi on 8 September.
German steamer WILDENFELS
(6224 tons) was captured by a boarding party from KANIMBLA and was renamed
EMPIRE RAJA. The steamer departed on 2 September for Karachi.
German steamer STURMFELS
(6288 tons) was captured by corvette SNAPDRAGON and was renamed EMPIRE
KUMARI. The steamer sailed for Karachi on 5 September.
German steamer WEISSENFELS
(7861 tons) was scuttled and was beyond salvage.
Italian steamer BARBARA
(3065 tons) was set afire, but sloop LAWRENCE put a fire fighting unit aboard the steamer,
assisted by ARTHUR CAVANAGH and DELAVAR. The steamer was renamed EMPIRE
TAJ. The steamer departed Bandar Shahpur under of tow of SNAPDRAGON on
1941 for Karachi. At Chahbar on 9 September, Australian YARRA
took over the tow and they arrived at Karachi on 13 September.
Italian tanker BRONTE
(4769 tons) was set afire by her crew, but was salved and renamed EMPIRE
On 4 September, tanker
BRONTE left Basra in tow of British sloop FALMOUTH for Karachi.
Italian steamer CABOTO
(5225 tons) was scuttled to prevent her capture sloop LAWRENCE. The steamer had been set afire, but the
fire was extinguished by LAWRENCE, ARTHUR CAVANAGH, and DELAVAR. The
steamer was towed by sloop SHOREHAM to Karachi departing on 1 September.
captured a floating dock.
US steamers PUERTO
RICO (6076 tons) and
ANNISTON CITY (5687 tons) were at Bandar Shapur.
Operation MARMALADE was
the destruction of Iranian Naval Forces at Khorramshahr at the junction of
the Shatt Al-Arab and the Karun River.
FALMOUTH and YARRA, Kenyan launch BALEEKA, and armed river
tug SOURIYA operated at Khorranshahr.
YARRA sank BABR at
Khorranshahr in Operation MARMALADE and captured gunboats CHAROGH and
SIMORGH, depot ship IVY, and tug NEYROU.
In the defense of the
Iranian naval base, the Iranian Naval Commander in Chief Rear Admiral
Bayendor was killed ashore.
Italian steamer HILDA
(4901 tons) was captured at Banda Addas on 27 August by Australian sloop
YARRA. The ship was afire, but the fires were extinguished. The
sloop towed her to Chahbar Bay before a salvage tug was required. The
departed Chahbar Bay
for Karachi under tow of the tug SYDNEY THUBRON on 8
Operation CRACKLER was the
capture of the island of
Abadan and its attendant oil refinery and facilities.
Armed yacht SEABELLE,
sloop SHOREHAM, Indian auxiliary minesweeper LILAVATI, armed river steamers
IHSAN and ZENOBIA, five Eureka
motor boats, two motor dhows, and one motor launch were deployed against
Abadan in CRACKLER.
Sloop SHOREHAM sank
Iranian gunboat PALANG.
The landing of troops at
Abadan was Operation DEMON.
Operation MOPUP was
successfully undertaken on 26 August to clear the Khazalabad area between
Khorramshahr and Abadan.
Convoy BA.5 departed Bombay, escorted by armed merchant cruiser HECTOR and
auxiliary patrol vessels DIPAVATI and SONAVATI. The patrol vessels were
detached on the 26th. The convoy was dispersed on the 31st.
There were no convoys BA.6 and BA.7.
Light cruiser EMERALD arrived at Seychilles.
Light cruiser DANAE arrived at Singapore.
On the 25th, Italian steamers in Argentine ports
were taken over by Argentina for their own use.
no name change
no name change
RIO DE LA
American aircraft carrier WASP and light cruiser
SAVANNAH with destroyers MEREDITH and GWIN departed Hampton
Roads on neutrality patrol ending on 10 September at Bermuda.
Tuesday, 26 August
Heavy cruiser LONDON departed the Clyde after boiler cleaning and arrived at
Scapa Flow on the 27th.
Destroyer INTREPID departed Scapa Flow at 0600 to join convoy ES.78 off May Island and act as additional escort to Sheerness.
Destroyer INTREPID arrived at Sheerness at
1520/28th to disembark ammunition. The destroyer then proceeded to refitting
at London, arriving at 1400/29th. The destroyer departed
Sheerness for Scapa Flow on 23 October after the refit.
Destroyer TARTAR departed the Tyne and joined convoy FS.577 as additional anti-aircraft protection to
The destroyer arrived at Sheerness at 1222 on the
27th to disembark ammunition prior to going up river to refit. Destroyer
TARTAR arrived at London at 1600/28th for refitting which continued until
Canadian troop convoy TC.12B departed Halifax with British steamers DOMINION MONARCH
(27,155grt), EMPRESS OF RUSSIA (16,810grt), and STRATHDEN (23,722grt).
The convoy was escorted on 26 and 27 August by
destroyers ANNAPOLIS and RICHMOND.
On the 27th, destroyers ASSINIBOINE, HARVESTER, HAVELOCK, RIPLEY,
ST.LAURENT joined the convoy and remained with it until its arrival on 1
U.571 damaged Soviet steamer MARIJA ULJANOVA
(3870grt) north of Cape Retiberka.
Light cruisers AJAX and NEPTUNE departed Alexandria escorting minelaying cruiser LATONA and destroyers
JERVIS (Rear Admiral Destroyers, Mediterranean Fleet embarked), GRIFFIN, and HAVOCK in the seventh series of the TREACLE
The ships arrived back at Alexandria on the 27th.
Anti-aircraft ship CARLISLE, having passed through the Canal on the 24th, arrived at
Destroyers DECOY and HOTSPUR arrived at Alexandria
Submarine RORQUAL laid fifty mines off Skinari.
Sub Lt (A) G. B. Pudney was killed when his
Hurricane of 806 Squadron was shot down ten miles north of Sidi Barrani.
The 166th South African Minesweeping Group,
consisting of trawlers GRIBB, IMHOFF, SEKSERN, and TREERN, arrived at Suez.
The trawlers were sent to Haifa to fit out.
Convoy ST.1 of four steamers departed Freetown. The convoy arrived at Takoradi on the 31st.
Heavy cruiser HAWKINS arrived at Simonstown.
Wednesday, 27 August
A Fulmar of 809 Squadron crashed off the deck
during landing. Lt H. E. Yates and the observer were picked up by a
Light cruiser EURYALUS and destroyer PUCKERIDGE
departed Scapa Flow at 0100 to join Battleship MALAYA and destroyer
PUNJABI off May Island and escort the battleship to
Scapa Flow, where they arrived at 2000.
Destroyer LIVELY departed Scapa Flow at 1930 for Greenock having completed her working up exercises.
The destroyer arrived at 1230/28th.
Convoy ON.10 departed Liverpool. The convoy was joined on the 29th by destroyers
KEPPEL, LINCOLN, SABRE, SHIKARI, and VENOMOUS, corvettes ALISMA and DIANELLA,
and anti-submarine trawlers LADY ELSA and MAN O.WAR. On 1 September, the convoy was joined by
corvettes DIANTHUS, HONEYSUCKLE, and SNOWBERRY. Destroyers KEPPEL, LINCOLN,
SABRE, and SHIKARI were detached on 1 September. On 2 September, destroyer
NIAGARA and corvettes ALYSSE, CELANDINE, and COLLINGWOOD joined. These
escorts, less DIANTHUS, were detached on 10 September. The convoy was
dispersed on 11 September and the corvette was detached.
Leading Airman D. C. Stewart of 1 SFTS Netheravon
was killed when his Master crashed into the ground at Shrewton LG.
U.570 was damaged by British bombing SW of Iceland
in 52-15N, 18-35W and captured by Forces.
The forty four German crew were taken prisoner.
Anti-submarine trawler NORTHERN CHIEF arrived
during the evening of 27 August.
During the morning of 28 August, trawlers KINGSTON
AGATE, WASTWATER, and WINDERMERE and destroyers BURWELL and NIAGARA arrived on the scene.
The submarine towed to Thorlakshavn, Iceland by two trawlers. On arrival on the 28th, the
submarine was beached. On 5 September, the submarine was towed off by tug
SALVONIA. Submarine U.570 was alongside depot ship HECLA at Hvalfjord on 6
On 29 September, the submarine departed Hvalfjord
escorted by destroyer SALADIN and arrived at Barrow on 3 October.
Canadian T/Lt C. A. Keefer RCNVR, of escort vessel
LULWORTH, drowned rescuing a passenger from Norwegian steamer INGRIA
(4391grt). Both ships were in convoy OS.4.
Keefer was awarded the Albert Medal.
U.557 sank Norwegian steamer SEGUNDO (4414grt) from
convoy OS.4 in 53-36N, 16-40W.
Seven crew were lost on steamer SEGUNDO.
Submarine U.557 sank British steamers SAUGOR
(6303grt) and TREMODA (4736grt) from convoy OS.4 in 53-36N, 16-40W.
Fifty nine crew were lost on the steamer SAUGOR.
Twenty six crew and six gunners were lost on
Submarine U.557 sank British steamer EMBASSAGE
(4954grt) from convoy OS.4 in 54N, 13W. The submarine also reported damaging
a steamer in the convoy.
Thirty nine crew were lost on steamer EMBASSAGE.
On the 28th, submarine U.558 sank British steamer
OTAIO (10,298grt) from convoy OS.4 in 52-16N, 17-50W.
Four crew were lost on the steamer. Nine crew
drowned in a small boat.
U.202 sank British trawler LADYLOVE (230grt) near
Light cruisers NAIAD, GALATEA, and PHOEBE departed
Alexandria covering minelaying cruiser ABDIEL and destroyers
KIPLING, KINGSTON, and HOTSPUR in the eighth series of the TREACLE
Light cruiser PHOEBE was torpedoed by an Italian
aircraft at 2145/27th 32-15N, 24-53E, one hundred miles northeast of Tobruk.
The light cruiser reported eight ratings killed.
Destroyers JERVIS, KANDAHAR, KIMBERLEY, and HASTY departed Alexandria to escort the damage ship.
Light cruiser PHOEBE was able to proceed to Alexandria under her own power.
Minelaying cruiser ABDIEL and destroyers KIPLING,
KINGSTON, and HOTSPUR returned to Alexandria from Tobruk, independently, arriving on the 28th.
The light cruiser after temporary repairs was sent
to the United
States for permanent repairs. She was undocked at
Alexandria on 9 October and passed through the Suez Canal on 13 October. On 26 October, the light cruiser
arrived at Durban from Mombasa and departed on 28 October for Simonstown. Light
cruiser PHOEBE was under repair at New York Navy Yard from 20 November to
15 April 1942.
Australian sloop PARRAMATTA departed Port Said for Famagusta with Motor transport ship SALAMAUA (6676grt) of
Serial 24, the last of the GUILLOTINE operations.
The ships, plus steamer RODI (3220grt), arrived at
Famagusta on the 29th.
The sloop returned to Alexandria.
Whaler SKUDD III (245grt, Lt R. C. Macmillan RCNVR) was sunk by
German bombing at Tobruk.
T/Midshipman J. T. Bloxham RNR, and two ratings were killed. T/Sub Lt E. R. Swift
RNVR, died of wounds. Two ratings were missing and six ratings were wounded.
An Italian convoy of steamers ERNESTO (7272grt),
AQUITANIA (4971grt), COL DI LANA (5891grt), and POZARICA
(7751grt) departed Naples on the 26th for Tripoli escorted by destroyers ORIANI and EURO and torpedo
boats PROCIONE, ORSA, and CLIO. Torpedo boat PEGASO joined at Trapani.
Submarine URGE unsuccessfully attacked steamer
On the 27th, Submarine URGE torpedoed steamer AQUITANIA. The steamer and torpedo boat ORSA arrived at
Trapani on the 27th. The convoy arrived at Tripoli on the 29th.
Submarine URGE was not damaged by heavy
counterattacks by torpedo boat CLIO.
Submarine TRIUMPH captured, then sank a small
fishing vessel off the Furiano River.
Dutch submarine O.21 departed Gibraltar for patrol in the South Tyrrhenian Sea.
Submarine UPHOLDER arrived at Malta from patrol.
Heavy cruiser EXETER departed Aden, escorting troopship MAURETANIA, and arrived at Durban on 2 September.
Thursday, 28 August
Destroyer PUCKERIDGE embarked the First Lord of the
Admiralty and transported him to Scrabster.
The destroyer arrived back at Scapa Flow at 1600.
British tanker DONOVANIA (8149grt) was damaged by
German bombing three miles 208° from St Ann's Head.
The steamer proceeded to Milford Haven. One crewman
was killed on the tanker.
Soviet light cruiser KIROV was damaged by German
bombing at Tallinn.
Soviet destroyer KALININ was mined and sunk off
Soviet destroyer ARTEM was mined and sunk off Cape
Soviet destroyers SKORY and VOLODARSKI were mined
and sunk off Seiskaari.
Soviet destroyers LENINGRAD and MINSK were badly damaged in minings off Tallinn.
Light cruisers AJAX and NEPTUNE departed Alexandria escorting minelaying cruiser LATONA and destroyers
NAPIER, JACKAL, and DECOY in the ninth series of the TREACLE operation.
The ships arrived back at Alexandria on the 29th.
Submarine RORQUAL sank Italian steamer CILICIA (2747grt) off Morea in 36-00N, 21-30E.
Escorting torpedo boat ANTARES rammed the submarine
and damaged her periscope.
Subamrine UNBEATEN unsuccessfully attacked an
Italian submarine north of Sicily.
Submarine UTMOST unsuccessfully attacked a steamer
east of Calabria.
Dutch submarine O.24 departed Gibraltar for patrol in the Gulf of
American escort aircraft carrier LONG
ISLAND, light cruiser NASHVILLE, and destroyers LIVERMORE and
neutrality patrol. The patrol concluded at Bermuda on 9 September.
Friday, 29 August
Battlecruiser REPULSE, light cruiser SHEFFIELD, and destroyers LIGHTNING, BADSWORTH, and
VIVACIOUS departed Scapa
Flow for the Clyde. The battlecruiser and light cruiser were required for escort duties
with convoy WS.11.
The ships arrived in the Clyde at 1000/30th. The destroyers returned to
Scapa Flow, arriving at 0730/31st.
Destroyer LAFOREY (Captain R. M. J. Hutton, D.19)
arrived at Scapa Flow at 1340 to carry out working up exercises.
Destroyer ST.MARYS was damaged in a collision with
troopship ROYAL ULSTERMAN (3244grt) in convoy SD 10 off the west coast of
The destroyer proceeded to Greenock for temporary repairs, then proceeded to
Liverpool, arriving on 2 September.
The destroyer was repaired at Liverpool, completing on 15 December.
Convoy OG.73 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers CAMPBELTOWN,
ST.ALBANS,WANDERER, and WESTCOTT, sloop FOWEY, corvettes GENTIAN, JASMIN,
MYOSOTIS, PERIWINKLE, and STONECROP, anti-aircraft ship SPRINGBANK, and ocean
boarding vessel HILARY. The ocean boarding vessel was detached that night.
Corvettes BEGONIA and LARKSPUR joined the escort on
The destroyers were detached on 2 September.
On 2 September, corvette HIBISCUS joined the
escort. Corvette GENTIAN was detached on 11 September.
Destroyers DUNCAN and VIDETTE departed Gibraltar on 6 September joined the escort on 8 September.
Destroyers FARNDALE and WILD SWAN after refuelling at Ponta Delgada joined the escort on 8 September. Destroyer FURY
also joined the escort on 8 September.
The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on 13 September.
Soviet destroyer YAKOV SVERDLOV was mined and sunk
off Cape Juminda.
Destroyers GRIFFIN and HAVOCK departed Alexandria for Tobruk in the tenth and final series of the
TREACLE operation. The destroyers arrived back at Alexandria on the 30th.
Destroyers KINGSTON and HASTY departed Alexandria for Beirut.
An Italian convoy of troopships NEPTUNIA, OCEANIA,
and VICTORIA, escorted by destroyers AVIERE, DA NOLI, CAMICIA NERA, GIOBERTI,
USODIMARE, and PESSAGNO, departed Naples for Tripoli.
Submarine URGE made an unsuccessful attack on VICTORIA off
Submarines UPHOLDER and URSULA departed Malta to intercept a convoy east of Tripoli.
Destroyers VIMY, VIDETTE, and WILD SWAN, corvettes
CAMPANULA, WALLFLOWER, CAMPION, and HYDRANGEA, and motor launches ML.170 and
ML.172 departed Gibraltar to patrol in the Straits of Gibraltar to intercept
any U-boat attempting passage.
Convoy HX.147 departed Halifax escorted by armed merchant cruiser LACONIA and corvettes GLADIOLUS, MIMOSA, and WETASKIWIN.
Destroyer COLUMBIA joined on 2 September. On 8 September, the
corvettes were detached when relieved by destroyers AMAZON, BELMONT and
BULLDOG, corvettes ACONIT, AUBRETIA, HEARTSEASE, and NIGELLA, and
anti-submarine trawlers DANEMAN, NORTHERN WAVE, and ST.APOLLO. Destroyer COLUMBIA was detached on 8 September. On 11 September, destroyers
AMAZON, BELMONT, and BULLDOG and corvette ACONIT were detached.
The convoy arrived at Liverpool on 12 September.
New Zealand light cruiser ACHILLES departed Auckland and met British steamer RIMUTAKA (16,576grt) off
Cape Palliser. The steamer was escorted to 250 miles southeast of
On 2 September, the steamer was detached and the
light cruiser joined another steamer which was escorted to Wellington.
Saturday, 30 August
Convoy WS.11 departed Liverpool on the 30th and the Clyde on the 31st.
The convoy was composed of the following steamers
KINA II, BHUTAN, BARRISTER, GLAUCUS, MOOLTAN, EMPRESS OF
AUSTRALIA, NORTHUMBERLAND, ABOSSO, ORONTES, SCYTHIA, VICEROY OF INDIA, HMS LARGS BAY, HMS GUARDIAN, DUCHESS OF
YORK, OTRANTO, CITY OF EDINBURGH, GLENORCHY, CITY OF MANCHESTER, and MANCHESTER PROGRESS.
The convoy was escorted by battlecruiser REPULSE,
aircraft carrier FURIOUS, light cruiser SHEFFIELD, anti-aircraft cruiser
CAIRO, armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE, destroyers COSSACK, ZULU, LEGION,
LIVELY, ISAAC SWEERS, HIGHLANDER, PIORUN, GARLAND, and WINCHELSEA, sloop
SUTLEJ, and escort ships TOTLAND and SENNEN.
Aircraft carrier FURIOUS suffered an engine room
defect on the 31st and put into Bangor. She was able to sail at 0548 on 1 September,
escorted by destroyer LIVELY, and rejoined the convoy.
The convoy split into Fast and Slow sections on 5
WS.11 Fast was MOOLTAN, EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA, KINA
II, ORONTES, SCYTHIA, VICEROY OF INDIA, HMS LARGS BAY, HMS GUARDIAN, DUCHESS
OF YORK, BHUTAN, CITY OF EDINBURGH, OTRANTO, and GLENORCHY escorted by
battlecruiser REPULSE and destroyers NESTOR, which departed Gibraltar on the
31st, and ENCOUNTER, which departed Gibraltar on 3 September. Off Freetown, the convoy was joined by destroyers VELOX and
WRESTLER and corvette STARWORT. The convoy arrived on 13 September.
WS.11 Slow with GLAUCUS, BARRISTER, NORTHUMBERLAND,
ABOSSO, RAPIDOL, and CITY OF MANCHESTER was escorted by armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE
and escort ships SENNEN and TOTLAND. The convoy arrived at Freetown on 15 September.
The convoy re united at Freetown and departed on 18 September, less ABOSSO, HMS
GUARDIAN, and NORTHUMBERLAND, plus liner NIEUW ZEELAND. The convoy was
escorted by destroyers WRESTLER and VELOX from 18 to 20 September.
Battlecruiser REPULSE and armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE escorted the
convoy to the Cape.
Steamers DUCHESS OF YORK,
MANCHESTER, NIEUW ZEELAND, CITY OF EDINBURGH, KINA II, LARGS
VICEROY OF INDIA, ORONTES, GLAUCUS, BHUTAN, and GLENORCHY arrived at Capetown on 30 September
escorted by armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE.
Steamers MOOLTAN, EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA, SCYTHIA, OTRANTO, BARRISTER, and MANCHESTER PROGRESS arrived at
Durban on 3 October.
The Capetown ships departed on 3 October, steamer
GLAUCUS not sailing until 4 October and overtaking the convoy, escorted by
armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE.
The Durban ships, plus steamers DILWARA, CITY OF CANTERBURY, PULASKI, EASTERN PRINCE, LLANDAFF
CASTLE, NIEUW HOLLAND, and JOHANN DE WITT, less EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA and
SCYTHIA, departed on 7 October and rendezvoused with the Capetown ships on 8
October. On rendezvous, armed merchant cruiser DERBYSHIRE returned to
Capetown. Battlecruiser REPULSE escorted the convoy to 13 October, when she
was relieved by light cruiser CERES.
On 17 October, steamers GLENORCHY, CITY OF EDINBURGH, BARRISTER, ORONTES, NIEUW ZEELAND,
VICEROY OF INDIA, LARGS BAY, JOHAN DE WITT, OTRANTO, DUCHESS OF YORK, KINA II, and GLAUCUS was detached from convoy
WS.11 as convoy WS.11 X escorted by light cruiser GLASGOW.
Steamers GLENORCHY and CITY OF EDINBURGH were detached as independents on 19 October for
The convoy arrived at Bombay on 22 October.
The convoy departed Bombay on 27 October with steamers
GLAUCUS, KINA II, JOHAN DE WITT, ELLENGA, ORION,
NIEUW ZEELAND, and LARGS BAY, escorted by armed merchant cruiser HECTOR. The
convoy arrived at Colombo on 30 October, less steamer KINA II, detached on
On 31 October, the convoy, plus RANGITIKI, departed
Colombo, escorted by light cruiser MAURITIUS arriving at Singapore on 6 November.
Heavy cruiser SHROPSHIRE (SO Force L), aircraft carrier ARGUS, and
destroyers SOMALI, MATABELE, and PUNJABI departed Scapa Flow at 0800 for Seidisfjord in Operation STRENGTH.
The ships arrived off Seidisfjord at 0500 on 1
September, but were unable to enter port due to thick fog. Destroyer PUNJABI
was able to enter Seidisfjord at 1045 and sailed at 1300 to rejoin the Force.
??Force M proceeded to rendezvous with Force M in
Heavy cruiser LONDON departed London for Akureyri and Hvalfjord.
Convoy ON.11 departed Liverpool. The convoy was joined on 1 September by
destroyers MALCOLM, SARDONYX, and WATCHMAN, corvettes ARABIS, MONKSHOOD, and
PETUNIA, and anti-submarine trawlers NORTHERN GEM, NORTHERN PRIDE, NORTHERN SPRAY, NORTHERN WAVE, and WISTARIA. These escorts were detached on 4
September when relieved by destroyer BURWELL, armed merchant cruisers CALIFORNIA and MALOJA, and corvettes CHILLIWACK, SPIKENARD, and TRAIL. These were detached when
the convoy was dispersed on 11 September.
Destroyer ASHANTI departed the Tyne at 0530 to return to Scapa
Flow on completion of her
long repairs, but a defect developed on passage.
The destroyer arrived at Rosyth for repairs on 1
US battleship NEW MEXICO, heavy cruiser QUINCEY, and destroyers
SIMS, HUGHES, and RUSSELL departed Hvalfjord to operate in the Denmark Strait
after a suspicious vessel was reported by US.Coast Guard cutter ALEXANDER
Destroyers BERKELEY and ATHERSTONE departed Portsmouth at 2000 to hunt a submarine in Operation ILIAD.
After an unsuccessful search, the destroyers
returned to Portsmouth.
Convoy SC.42 of sixty five ships departed Sydney, joined by five more ships from St John on 2 September.
The local escort of the convoy was Canadian
destroyer SKEENA (Hibbard, SO ) and corvettes ALBERNI, KENOGAMI,
Submarine UNBEATEN sank Italian steamer ALFA (373grt) off Augusta.
Submarine TALISMAN damaged Italian auxiliary patrol
boats SAN MICHELE and TENACEMENTE three miles north of Benghazi.
Italian steamer EGADI (861grt) was sunk by British aerial
torpedo from an aircraft of 830 Squadron from Malta thirty miles northeast of Lampedusa.
Italian steamer RIV (6630grt) was sunk by British Wellington aircraft
Convoy SC.42 departed Sydney, CB escorted by
corvettes ARVIDA, BARRIE, and NAPANEE. These corvettes were detached on 2
September when the convoy was joined by corvettes ALBERNI, KENOGAMI, and
ORILLIA. Corvette ORILLIA was detached on 9 September. On 10 September, the
convoy was joined by corvettes CHAMBLY, GLADIOLUS, MIMOSA, MOOSE JAW, and WESTASKIWIN and
anti-submarine trawler BUTTERMERE. Destroyers DOUGLAS, LEAMINGTON, SALADIN, and VETERAN and anti-submarine trawler
WINDERMERE joined on 11 September. Destroyers BELMONT, COLUMBIA, SKATE,
ST.CROIX joined on 12 September. Corvettes ALBERNI, KENOGAMI, and MOOSE JAW
were detached on 13 September. American destroyers CHARLES F. HUGHES,
RUSSELL, and SIMS escorted the convoy on 14 September and then were detached.
Destroyer COLUMBIA, corvettes GLADIOLUS, MIMOSA, and WETASKIWIN, and
anti-submarine trawlers BUTTERMERE and WINDERMERE were detached on 16
September. Destroyer SALISBURY and corvettes LOBELIA, NARCISSUS, and RENONCULEjoined on 16
September. Destroyers SALADIN, SKEENA, and
ST.CROIX and corvette CHAMBLY
were detached on 17 September. Destroyers LEAMINGTON, SKATE, and VETERAN were detached on 18 September.
The convoy arrived Liverpool on 19 September.
Sunday, 31 August
Destroyer BEDOUIN departed the Humber at 1945 to return to Scapa
Flow on completion of her
refitting, and arrived at 1830 on 1 September.
Italian steamer RECCA (5441grt) was seized by Cuban
authorities at Avana, Cuba, and renamed LIBERTAD for Cuban use.
Australian light cruiser HOBART departed Haifa for Alexandria, where she arrived on 1 September.
Anti-aircraft ship CARLISLE arrived at Suez.
Sloop FLAMINGO departed Alexandria for Port Said for intended duty in the Red Sea.
Australian destroyer NESTOR departed Gibraltar to refuel at Ponta Delgada prior to joining convoy WS.11. She then proceeded
with the convoy to Freetown.
Destroyer FORESIGHT, FURY, and FORESTER departed
Gibraltar to carry out anti-submarine patrols in the Straits
during the night.
Destroyer DUNCAN arrived at Gibraltar from convoy OG.72 duty.
Corvettes AZALEA and FLEUR DE LYS arrived at Gibraltar with tanker CORDELIA, arriving from Curacao.
An air raid on Alexandria late on the 31st and early on 1 September caused a
number of casualties on shore, but no damage was done to ships or
facilities. Cdr E E Addis Rtd of HMS
NILE and Sub Lt J Roper RNR of
THORGRIM were killed and another officer wounded. There were also a number of
Dutch submarine O.21 made an unsuccessful attack on
an Italian submarine in the Tyrrhenian
Submarine UTMOST arrived at Malta from patrol.
Italian convoy of liners NEPTUNIA, OCEANIA, VICTORIA, escorted by destroyers AVIERE, DA NOLI, CAMICIA NERA,
GIOBERTI, USODIMARE, and PESSAGNO, departed
Tripoli for Taranto on the 31st. Off Tunisia, submarine UPHOLDER made
an unsuccessful attack on the convoy, which arrived at Taranto without loss on 2 September.